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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 4, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HISTORY ANO DE3 KOINES I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT HOME EDITION MAKES ALL NORTH JOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL U Associated Press United Full IjKued Wires five Cents a Copy MASON crnr IOWA MONDAY JUNE 41945 Paptr CoaabU Two One NO JAPS SAY ALLIES ATTACK BORNEO One Mans Opinion A Badlo Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO M2SOD City Sunday 5 p ju KSCJ Sioux City Sunday U m WO1 Ames Wednesday a m WSUI Iowa Clly Wednesday p m WTAD Qumcy III Friday p jn Confessions of a Commencement Speaker W ITHIN the past month Ive had the privilege of appear ing before about 15 high school and college classes as commence ment speaker Ive found it a most stimulating me at least Im not sure it has been that for my audiences My commencement talks this year have been anything but orthodox For one thing I havent done any preaching With what I tried to make a dispassionate approach Ive considered with these young inen and young women the ques tion of war and peace It has been my premise that what those of Jjijrh school and college age think and do is going to prove enor mously important in working out a satisfactory answer to that all important question In developing my discussion Ive been drawing quite heavily on my experiences and observa tions on a war correspondence mission in the European theater last fall By a series of recollec tions Ive tried to throw light on the nature of this fight ing men and for civilians in wars Ive sought to throw some light on the nature of the war that lies indeed a war does lie ahead FOR our lads in the front fight ing lines this war has had nothing of fun or glamor Foi civilians within range of artillery or robotbombs o London for example has brought anguish and pain cbrnparableJwith that suffered by those in the front lines But all of this is as nothing compared with future war the blueprints for which have already been drawn In that conflict no people will be secure merely be cause they are geographically re mote from the enemy Mass ex termination of civilian popula tions is as certain as that nigh follows day Thats the prospect thats the challenge What are we going to do about it Ive asked my young hearers to address their bes thinking to that vital question Beyond suggesting that anothe war would be the worst thine that could possibly befall man kind except perhaps the deatl of human freedom I haven made any attempt to shape o mold their thinking Perhaps it would have been better if in these commencemen talks of mine I had stayed close to the conventional pattern certainly grant that possibility Ive long held the notion that n audience is more receptive or re sponsive than a class of hig school seniors CHURCHILL WILL CLARIFY BRITON VIEW ON SYRIA Middle East Situation Still Critical French Troops Still Barracked By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS London Daily Mail said Monday that Prime Minister hurchill would make a statement n the house of commons this week defining in clearest terms the attitude of the British govern ment on the situation in Syria Damascus dispatches indicated hat affairs in the Levant still ivere in a critical state and Brit sh troops were kept constantly on the alert protecting the French their barracks Gen Charles De Gaulles pro posal for an international confer ence to settle all Arab problems appeared to have done little to ase BritishFrench tension The London press chorused protest over the De Gaulle charge that British agents fomented agitation against Frances Levantine inter ests The British foreign office has declined thus far to comment on De Gaulles proposal The press however sharply criticized the suggestion The influential Yorkshire Post controlled by the family of For Secretary Anthony Edens wife dismissed the charge with a curt reference saying the Levant states must be treated as fully in dependent French troops and families un der British protection in Syrian towns were being evacuated a Damascus dispatch said Sunday night In Kuneitra south of Damascus 4000 Bedouins of the Fadel tribe wanted to attack French barracks andat Hamaother Bedouins kep the British alert At Deraa anc Spueida French wife taken out under armored guard and Da mascus itself an 8 p m curfew rule French barracks in the heart of the Syrian capita were about to be evacuated Acting Premier Jammil Mardam Bey of Syria asserted Sunday night that the French had in tended to trap Syrian deputies an cnbinet members in the parlia ment house when the attack on Damascus opened last Tuesday The Syrians he said have broken relations completely wit I the French and will not resume them except on a normal diplo matic plane without any advan tages to the French He added that an international conunitte would be formed to assess the damage and ask the French foi indemnity In Cairo Premier Abdel Hamid Karamah of Lebanon and Saadul lah El Gafbry president of the Syrian chamber of deputies as serted in a joint statement Sun day night that the French had used lendlease supplies in th Syrian fighting De Gaulle hac denied this The joint statement assertcc that Syria and Lebanon would IN appearing before a 1945 class Ive had an attitude lowap my hearers especiallythe young men materially different from my attitude toivard graduates of the previous 3 or 4 years In the past Ive known that several in the class I was ad dressing would in afew months lie in uniform and under enemy ftrc Now even though we must assume that the war is only halt its less than a 5050 chance that any boy not yet in uniform will be inducted complete his experience front training and line duty In these past years it seemed appropriate to emphasize the values at stake in this war and offer a reminder that young Americans of every generation since the founding of our republic have deemed the blessings of freedom sweeter even than life itself This year by the same token it has seemed just as appropriate to look ahead to the postwar world The first requisite to hap piness and welfare in that post war world is a lasting peace But the story doesnt end there by any means There will still be the need for good good American citizenship and good world citizenship And good citizenship so far as the individual is concerned bot toms on a right right attitude toward ones self and ones future a right attitude toward country and government a right attitude toward ones fel low man those right at hand and those in distant parts of the world and last a right attitude towards ones God fight until every single house i destroyed andevery native i killed in orderl to keep our imie pendence We will not sign an treaty with France lops Plan Attacks on U S y Men in BalloonBombs Navy Air Arm Suicide Corps Guam Tokyo said Monday that Japan intends to al ack the United States with piloted bombcarrying balloons and has converted her entire naval air force into a suicide corps Tokyo said Lt Col Shozo Naka jima chief spokesman of Japanese armed forces in the southern re gions predicted that piloted strat osphere balloons would attack the B29S HIT JAP CHEMICAL rises from burning buildings of a Koriya ma Chemical company plantnorth of Tokyo after a raid bv American Superfortresses A number of burnedout buildings are visible AP wirenhoto Kavenav Why Nazis Didnt Invade England RAF WEATHER TURNED TABLES 10 Crack Divisions Were to Have Landed Editors Note The following dispatch written by a United Press correspondent who cov ered the first Z years of the war from Berlingives the first de tailed explaaationfrom the Ger man side of the wehfinachls failure o invade England after the fall of France in 1940 ope would accept Hitlers surren der ultimatum Reischsmarshal Hermann Goer ing was in favor of the invasion and finally persuaded Hitler that iis luftwaffe fliers would blast a path into the British Isles Throughout the remainder ol June July and August the nazis worked feverishly to prepare for the crossing Japs Using Cavalry in Philippines Manila 37th division drove along the Cagayan valley in northern Luzon Monday against light resistance amid indications the retreating Japanese had taken to horseback In an advance to 4 miles north of Santa Fe on Saturday units from the 37th captured large quantities of abandoned enemy equipment including cavalry gear This was the first indication the Japanese were using cavalry in the Pacific island fighting al though they have used horses and mules for pack work in the past The 37th ran into some anti lank fire as it advanced along the 120 mile long valley but there was no stout resistance from the Japanese Scventyfivo enemy bodies were counted Mondays communique reported that Japanese casualties in the Philippines have reached 385480 During the past week 6550 dead were counted and 503 prisoners taken American and Filipino cas ualties were 225 killed and 657 wounded By JOSEPH GIIIGG United Press Staff Correspondent Wiesbaden Germany Day for the German invasion of England was Sept 15 1940 and 10 crack nazi divisions were to be hurled across the channel for n 10day blitz that Adolf Hitler be lieved would crush Britain and end the western war For more than a month the trooppacked invasion barges waited for the signal to attack while the sky battle of Britain swirled overhead Then suddenly Hitler abandoned the plan and ordered his legions eastward for the attack on Russia The United Press learned Mon day that highranking members of the German general staff finally have revealed to allied authorities the full plan for the invasion of England and the reasons for its failure These officers all of whom were very close to Hitler revealed that the fuehrer himself sent out orders on June 16 1940 to pre pare for the channel crossing On Oct 22 after the luftwaffe had been decisively beaten by a hand ful of RAF flyers Hitler conceded defeat and called it off again The invasion schedule they dis closed called for the landing of 10 German divisions on the Brit ish south coast within 10 which the nazi general staff re garded as the minimum time needed to win a beachhead and conquer Britain Actually the Germans never succeeded in massing enough ship ping to transport the troops and equipment for an operation that would have been comparable iri scale to the allied invasion of France 4 years later The German staff officers de nied categorically the widelycir culated reports that the invasion actually was launched and that the RAF smashed the barge fleet by setting oil fires on the channel All available oceangoing ship ping was assembled in Hamburg Kiel Luebeck and Stettin Every small motor launch and cruiser on Germanys lakes and rivers was commandeered Jn the invasion ports themselves particularly Antwerp Zeebrugge and Rotter dam the Germans massed such invasion barges as they could find Shipyards that formerly had been turning out submarines now be gan building barges Then the luftwaffe went into action for the softeningup bom bardment that was expected to knock out London and the RAFs airfields in southern England At the beginning of the first week of September Goering tolc Hitleithe RAFs entire tightei force would be driven from the skies in 2 weeks DDay came and the RAF was still up and fighting Goering re luctantly informed Hitler that th daylight bombing had become too costly Having previously under estimated the strength of the HAF he went to the other extreme ant overestimated it apparently un aware that the RAF was nearini thereiKlof itshter resu itsJfjghter resources The Germans continued thei invasion preparations even after the pealc September tides passed hoping for another chance in Oc tober But the weather turned against them the bargebuildin program lagged and finally witi the British navy still in mind they gave up New U S Food Boss Favors Quotas for Government Agencies to Aid Civilians Washington Anderson D N M of the house foot committee proposed Monday that government th given fixed food quotas to prevent raids on civilian cup boards Anderson will become secretary of agriculture next monlh He suggested to President Tru N OW isnt a time for faint heartedness it isnt a time for Continued on rage 2 BULLETIN Bremen Germany OF Two mysterious explosions wrecked the TJ S military governments police headquarters in Bremen Monday killing at least 15 Ameri cans and Germans and injuring J80 others man that food allotments for the army and for overseas shipments as well as for civilians be as signed in 3month periods and that no agency be permitted to go beyond its allotment We should have overall quotas that cant he shifted he said so that QPA will know exactly what it will have for civilians Quarterly food allotments are made now on most foodstuffs but they are not rigid As a conse quence the army which has first call frequently exceeds its quota thus putting a crimp in anticipat ed civilian supplies For the first 2 quarters of this year as an example the army took far more sugar than it orig inally expected to use Similarly it stepped up its setaside of lard to 50 per cent of production when lard became scarce We ought to have an under standing among the OP A the army and overseas agencies so that nobody can go beyond the supply allotted Anderson told a reporter His recommendation came as the house food committee began open hearings into scarce dairy products particularly butter The committee called in gov Poles to Settle in Germany London Luxembour radio Monday quoted a Lubli broadcast as saying that mor than 7000000 Poles are to be set tied in former German territorj indicating the Germans are bein evacuated from the areas Ap proximately 2500000 Poles will be settled in Silesia the broadcast said NO SHOWDOWN ON VETO ISSUE Moscow Reaction to Protest Is Awaited Smi Fraiuisco United States Britain France and China Monday abandoned any idea of re orting to an immediate showdown tote on Russias proposal to let a big power veto discussion of dis iutes by the security council ot the new peace organization They wailed instead for Mos cows reaction to their vigorously stated opposition to the Russian nlerprelalion of the Yalta voting formula and hoped it would reveal soviet willingness to solve the is iue by negotiation That change of attitude plus big 5 agreement on 14 out of 17 major controversial issues e a s ed the weekend apprehension which was caused by the unexpected Russian nterpretation of the voting formu la Until late Sunday some U S delegates feared the issue would lave to be tossed into the laps of all of the 49 nations to with a twothirds majority cer tain against Russia Russia is not asking for the right to gag discussion of her own dis putes with other countries She agreed at still agrees that a big power should give up its security council vote during all phases of peaceful settlement in cluding discussion when it was a party to a dispute They are now asking however the right for all big powers to have a veto over discussions when they themselves are not disputantsV The fifthbig 5meeting since Friday night was scheduled for Monday to continue the search for agreement on open issues Bui there was little likelihood that the Moscow reply on the veto will have arrived thus precluding dis cussion of that most important question At their meeting Sunday night the big 5 agreed upon a common position on 14 of the 1 issues which have delayed the con ference for a week Those remain ing unsettled aside from the veto question were 2 delicate points on trusteeships and a French amendment to the exemption o bilateral treaties directed agains the enemy states A weekend of careful study of the Russian veto proposal brought a considerable change in the atti tude ot most U S delegates They Celt considerably more hopefu about the possibility of agreement It is admilted now that all pros pect of an early June adjourn ment of the conference is gone No one believes it possible to complet the work here before June 15 and most delegates are thinking terms of late June Buy your War Bonds and American mainland in the fulure The present attacks on the Unit ed States with pilotless balloons were only on an experimental scale he said The first of these was released from Japan March 10 and hundreds have been re leased daily since then he said When actual resulls of the ex periment have been obtained1 Tokyo said largescale attacks with deathdefying Japanese air men maiming the balloons will be aunched Nakajima complained thai the United States had not divulged he extent ot damage caused by the pilotless balloons but sur mised they were creating havoc He said they had a ceiling of more than 45000 feet and took just over 100 hours to reach the United Slates Tokyo said the Japanese naval air force had been converted into a suicide corps to shield the home islands from the rampaging Amer ican fleet Every navy plane will be or dered to crash itself against an allied warship a correspondent of the Tokyo newspaper Mainichi re vealed in a radio interview with pilots ot the special suicide at tack corps rtlt this tactic is successful he said victory is assured for Ja pan If otherwise the navy will have many heroes for our shrines The broadcast bore out last weeks Tokyo broadcast reporting trTat the recent shakeup in the Japanese naval high command foreshadowed the training of all branches of the navy in suicide attacks Admiral William F Bull Hal YANKS CUT OFF PENINSULA IN OKINAWA DRIVE Tokyo Says Additional U S Units Land to Prepare 2Way Trap BULLETIN San Francisco Japa nese radio reported Monday al lied ground and sea units were participating in an assault on San dakan capital of British North Borneo in the East Indies There was no confirmation of the report from allied sources Guam the greatest one day advance in the Okinawa cam paign American infantrymen splashed 2 miles through drench ing rains Sunday to the south eastern shore of the island seal ing off Chinen peninsula which forms the southern arm the finest fleet anchorage in the southern approaches to Japan Tokyo broadcasts quoted un confirmed reports that U S am phibious assault units landed near the eastern tip of the penin sula to catch isolated Nipponese troops in a 2 way trap white a fleet of more than 40 vessels moved into the gusuku bay Three other fleets including 2 task forces which reappeared after an absence of 10 days were re ported by Tokyo to be in Okina wan waters Japanese propagandists told of suicide plane attacks on a heav ily escorted convoy of about 40 transports moving past Oroku peninsula on the west coast where other Yanks were arrayed Monday for a smashing drive on Naha airfield the best in the Ryu kyu islands In a 2 hour rani ining assault Tokyo said one identified craftwas set afire The 2 mile push through red mud to the southern shores of Okinawa was made on 64th day of the campaign by Maj Gen Archibald V Arnolds 7th mfan 3rd fleet welcomed the enemy announcement and challenged the Japanese to send the remnants ot their fleet In a doordie banzai attack against him Halsey dismissed the Japanese Kamikaze suicide planes as a damned nuisance rather than a menace despite the damage they have inflicted on American naval units off Okinawa Fast carriers from Ins 3rd fleet launched bombers and fighter bombers against Japans suicide plane bases on Kyushu southern most of the enemys home islands Saturday and Sunday The attack Saturday thwarted enemy plans for a new series of suicide attacks on American forces in the Okinawa area a dis patch from the carrier task reported At least 35 enemy planes were destroyed or damaged Saturday despite adverse weather w li i 2 h i forced the carrier aircraft to peninsula itself where Japanese soldiers complicated the Ameri can assault by milling around among thousands of civilians Associated Press War Corres pondent Al Dopkinc reported that some front line officers predicted the next 48 hours would tell whether disorganized Japanese remnants could be reformed into effective fighting forces On tlic north shore of Chinen peninsula Nipponese with mortars and machine guns put up such a fight U S infantrymen called on a rocket boat to break up the en emy concentration Surprisingly rapid advances were reported through the quag mires in the central area by both the airsupplied first marine and 9Gth infantry divisions Some Japanese were knocked out in a bayonet charge but others killed themselves with grenades Meanwhile Adm William F Hilseys carrier pilots attacked Information supplied by these i eminent witnesses to testify on captured Germans and supple mented by what this correspond ent learned in Berlin during the summer of 1940 indicates strongly that until midJune of that year the Germans never seriously con sidered that a crosschannel in vasion would be necessary to bring Britain to her knees Asked why Hitler did not in vade immediately afterDun kerque when Britain was almost helpless these staff officers said the fuehrer was certain the Brit ish would realize the hopelessness of their position and throw in the sponge without a fight This version was fully substan tiated by what high nazi officials in Berlin told this correspondent in the summer of 1940 They ar gued that Britain had lost her last continental ally with the collapse of France and without a bridge head to carry on the war in Eur the nations supply of btilter milk and cheese preliminary to a first hand investigation it will make during a crosscouritry tour next week Later Monday the group plan ned to examine government wit nesses on the poultry and egg sup ply situation Members have said black markets already have de veloped in poultry and are moving in on civilian egg supplies Mr Truman meanwhile told Americans that civilian supplies of commercially canned fruits and vegetables are at their lowest point of the war and will be one fourth less this winter than last year In a statement Saturday the chief executive called upon the nation to produce preserve conserve all food possible as a real contribution to the final vic tory and the peace Stamps from your GlobeGazette tack from only 100 to 200 feet al Japanese Kamikaze suicide carrler I litude i plane liases on Kyushu Saturday and Sunday Halsey returned to his 3rd U S Pacific fleet flag ship only a week ago With him went Vice Adm John S McCain who resumed active command of the 3rd fleets fast carrier task force The carrier pilots destroyed a total of 22 Japanese planes and damaged 23 The Japanese made their first strong attack in 5 days on Ameri can shipping off Okinawa Oki nawabased fighters downed 26 attackers Nimitz made no mention of possible damage to American shipping I SURVIVES JAP SUICIDE PLANE ATTACKThe destroyer USS Zellars is shown above docking at Los Angeles harbor with its surviving crew at the rail The ship was hit off Okinawa by an 1100pound torpedo plus the plane which launched the attack Forty men arc dead 2 missingand 29 wounded as a result of the terrific explosion but the ship that all but went to the bottom is back for repairs after which shell return to wreak her revenge on the Nips Weather Report FORECAST Masnn cloudy Mon day night and Tuesday with slowly rising temperatures oc casional showers Tuesday loiva Partly cloudy Monday be coming cloudy Monday night and Tuesday Showers in most of state Tuesday Slowly rising temperatures Minnesota Cloudy southwest and west central portion Fair re mainder of state Monday night Continued cool with scattered frosts northeast and extreme east portions Tuesday mostly cloudy and a little warmer Scattered showers southxvest and wrat central portions IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 50 Minimum Sunday 34 At 8 a m Monday 43 YEAR AGO Maximum 55 Minimum 55 Precipitation Trace t I
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