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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 1, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME v IDEPAHTMENT or MISTOKY ANO ARCH IVES DCS KOINES IA THE NEWSPAPER THAT vyr 7 HOME EDITION MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY JUNE 1 1945 This Paper Consists ol Two NO ZtZ French Remain in Syria Osaka Burns JAP BANZAI CHARGE ENDS IN of Jap soldiers are strewn on the ground near the Maramas airstrip Mindanao island Philippines after 71 of them staged a dawn banzai charge Machine gun and rifle fire by 31st infantrymen cut them down Yanks who iost 2 killed and 7 wounded in the fight are in the background INSIDE WASHINGTON Labor Leaders Fear Postwar Loss of Many Union Members By CENTRAL PRESS STAFF is only one the fears gripping la bor leaders as they contemplate re conversion The other specter is the prospect of heavy losses in warswollen ii union memberships as thousands 1 of women oldsters and others normally outside the countrys la s bor force return to their homes The big CIO United Automobile j Workers union headed by R J Thomas is a graphic example of this The UAW which during the i war gamed a membership of more S than a million already has lost 1 heavily due to early cutbacks Now Thomas foresees the pos j sible loss of 300000 workers who migrated to Detroit from the textile regions of the south and other areas attracted Things Look Brighter at San Francisco as 2 Major Tensions Ease San Francisco for settlement of the FrancoSyrian dispute combined with reports of improved AmericanSoviet rela tions Friday to brighten delegates hopes for an early successful windup of the united nations conference Forceful leadership by the sponsoring powers is regarded among United States delegates as the means for slaking the con ference out of its lagging com mittee work and whipping the charter for a new league into final shape j a j I j 4 z by the lure of highly paid manu facturing Jobs Thomas insists that Detroit can permanently absorb these workers and that they must not be forced to return to their old low wage occupations Industry and government offi cials are not at all sure however that the automobile and other in dustries can expand peacetime operations to the point of giving permanent employment to the ex tra 300000 REP ROBERT RAMSPECK D of Georgia Democratic whip of the House says that President Truman will give more attention to the management side of govern ment than any president has shown in many decades Ramspeck said the president seeks to put the government on an efficient operating basis eliminat ing waste and extravagance To this end Ramspeck has suggested that the president name a general manager to streamline government paper work to the same efficient basis found in better business con cerns Such a man Ramspeck told the president should receive at least 325000 a year And said Ram speck Mr Truman is very much I interested in the idea 1 THERE IS A GROWING belief in Washington that circumstances j will force President Truman to re X tain Edward R Stettinius Jr as i secretary of state for some months to come despite recurrent rumors 1 that he will be removed from his high office following the San Francisco conference However any summary dismis sal of Stettinius it is said might be construed as a reprimand for failure al SanFrancisco an inter pretation the administration could v not afford to have even hinted at if it5wishes to have the United t States play its part ina postwar Many delegates are saying pri vately that the time for action to that end is at hand and the place to begin is among the Big 5 The United States sought agree ment tvith British Russian Chi nese and French spokesmen on half a dozen pending questions and an early meeting of Secretary Stettinius with the other 4 dele gation chiefs is expected Moscow reaction to a proposed Big 5 statement on the veto vot ing issue is due in a day or so The statement is intended to re assure small nations that the big power vetocould not be used to prevent their getting at least a preliminary hearing before the prospect world security council At the moment a Moscow answer is the key log in the work jam Many delegates are becoming increasingly restive under the pressure of urgent problems aris in their home capitals For eign Minister Eelco Van Kief fens intends to leave Saturday for the Netherlands and still other rank ing officials may yet depart On the bright side are world political developments to which the conference sensitively1 reacts It is reported that President Tru mans special envoy to Moscow Harry Hopkins who had successful conferences with Marshal Stalin and other soviet leaders paved the way for much better relations between Moscow andWashington One result may be to hasten the time of joint allied occupation of Berlin and Austria in accordance vrith agreements made months ago but inexplicably held up after German defeat Another may be to furnish a new approach to the Polish dispute to facilitate its set tlement at the coming meeting of President Truman Prime minis Blackburn Is Sentenced to Year in Jail Also Fined for Violation of State Liquor Law Ronald Blackburn Des Moines was sentenced to serve one year in the county jail and was fined by Judge W F Butler in district court Friday on a charge of illegal transportation of intox icating liquor into the state of Iowa His appeal bond was fixed at his Ray Harrison Des Moines serving notice of his intention to appeal the case to the supreme court A jury returned a verdict of guilty against Blackburn Tuesday following a trial which lasted through one afternoon and part the following morning In pronouncing sentence Judge Butler said that he considered the defendants contention of a conflict in the statutes 931 and 94 but that the violation was of one or the other and therefore was of no purpose in this decision Blackburn was arrested by the Fires Sweep Japs Center of Industry Incendiary Attacks5 Destroy 86 Miles in industrial Cities Guam fP Great waves of Superforts lighted fires in the manufacturing center ot Osaka Friday that sent smoke billowing 27000 feet above Japans most highly industrialized city and simultaneously the 21st bomber command announced a similar raid Tuesday burned out 69 square miles of Yokohama The principal portion of Yoko hama is virtually destroyed B29 headquarters announced as re turning crews indicated they had left Osaka in the same condition Friday Eightysix square miles ol urban industrial areas ot Japa lese cities are now known to have been destroyed or heavily damaged by Superfort incendiary attacks Semiofficial Japanese broad casts admitted flames started throughout the manufacturing center of Osaka were only gradu ally being brought under con trol Smoke over Osaka was so dense that many returning airmen re Okinawa Japs End Organized Fight Guam Japanese resistance on Okinawa appeared to be ended Friday Tenth army Yanks pursued crippled disorganized remnants of the rising suns oncepowerful island garrison and closed a trap on Shuri town while Radio Tokyo 9 admitted Japanese losses were Nation Must Support Fight Against Japs Washington resident Truman in a special message to congress Friday stressed the im portance of full national support continuing fight against of the Japan ported flames Only Iowa State Highway patrol Offi cers stated he had 15 cases of Minnesota whisky in his posses sion at the time of arrest County Attorney M L Mason and Assistant County Attorney M C Coughlin represented the state organization peace to maintain world For this reason it is now gener ally accepted in the capital that Slettinius will be retained in the cabinet at least until the senate has completed the task oJ ratifying the United Nations peace organi zation document which Stettinius must steer through the senate as head of the United States delega tion to San Francisco THE SUPREME COURT threw ascare into the ranks of divorced persons who have remarried after one of those 6 weeks residences in Nevada where they get unhitched the easy way In two decisions the high court ruled that each state has the right to decide whether or not it will regard Nevada divorces as legal i The cases came xip from tower ifj tribunals in North Carolina and Pennsylvania Now divorced per i sons in states from Maine to Cali fornia are wondering if their Reno I or Las Vegas decrees will be chal ter Churchill and Stalin On the Levant crisis news that peace being restored to the deathridden streets of Damascus coupled with AngloAmerican inr sistence on a free settlement of FrancoSyrian differences rather than one made at gunpoint cheered small nation delegates They have been worried over the future security of their own coun tries under a league controlled in the main by the big powers These developments tended to improve what diplomats are call ing the climate of the confer ence although they are not di rectly connected with it What is directly involved in the view of the American delegation is the ability of the to win a Big 3 Meet Coming Soon Truman Says Date Is Not Far Off Washington SP Presiden Truman said Friday that a meet ing of the Big 3 was gettiii closer The president told his weekl news conference that a delay i the conclusion of the united na tions conference at San Francisc would not affect in the slightes plans for a meeting with Prim Minister Churchill and Premier Stalin Asserting the Big 3 conference was getting closer he said he thought he coutd say it would take place in the not far distant future He said there was a possibility it would take place in this country but that this was by no means a probability He pointed out that our army in the Pacific ultimately will be twice as big as the army there now It will be larger than our army was in Europe at its height Mr Truman set forth his appeal in a message about 9000 words in length Because of this length the white house was not able to make the text available to newsmen in advance of delivery Instead the white house issued a brief analysis of major points made by the pres ident In addition to indicating the ul loud formations and sometimes to reach the city and be an unloading their flaming de SCENE OF lo cates area in Syria and Lebanon where a clash between French troops and natives forcing Brit ish and American intervention to end the hostilities Cease fire order was given French soldiers in the area Friday A P Wirephoto U S Britain France May Hold Meeting Washington UR The United j timate size of the pacific States expects to sit down soon j excess of president with Britain and France in Lonalso don to seek a satisfactory agreel Called for workers in ship ment on the explosive situation in I yards to repair damage done by Syria and Lebanon the Japanese suicide attacks on It is feared here that unless I our vessels such a meeting is held at once I 2 Noted that the navy had to re the cessation of hostilities in the pel efforts at a submarineblitz di Levant may be only temporary reeled toward our Atlantic coast in The London discussions were 1 the last days of the European war proposed Thursday by British 3 Requested civilians to abstain Prime Minister Winston Churchill fr0m travel more than ever This with the advance approval is necessary to relieve the strain President Truman according domestic rail transportation due to mass movement of troops to their homes and to the Pacific gradually increasing With marines on the west and Infantry on the east the Ameri cans cut through both flanks to isolate the Shuri key point ol Japanese defenses and to drive spears on both flanks southwari to swiftly the retreating Nippo nese were unable to set up new defenses Sixth division marines com pleted the mopup in Naha form er capital city of the island witl a population of 66000 smashin furiously from all directions int remaining pockets Japanese Domei News agenc meanwhile admitted in a dis patch broadcast by Tokyo Radio the penetration of Naha by Americans It termed the situa tion critical development they couldnt see the light fighter opposition was reported including antiquated planes probably because an es cort of about 150 Mustangs from Iwo Jima swept in ahead the first wave of B29s The few interceptors were so unaggressive that one American gunner de scribed the 2nd i fire attack on Osaka as a sort f a milk run Superforts Hew through heavy reliable information Frances at titude has not been expressed but Gen Charles De Gaulle is expect ed to agree American officials hoped to get the discussions underway then iruction by precision instruments tirough a light haze at a m p m Thursday Central War llme their differences with the French They concentrated on harbor Thc Levantine conflict the ob call in Syria and Lebanon for au attempt at final agreement on acilities warehouses and the mportant Sumitomo plant manu acturing dural sheet metal and aircraft propellers Shipyards 2 electrical equipment plants pow er stations and Osakas main rail oad station which is the heart of the citys communications sys em also were under fire attack Tokyo broadcasts admitted fires throughout the northwest ern section where there is the greatest concentration of indus ries including the Sumitomo plant and broke out in nearby Arriagasaki An Osaka army communique The Levantine conflict the ob vious bad effects of which on the San Francisco conference pro voked AngloAmerican interven tion stemmed from a stalemate in French attempts to win spe cial concessions from Syria and Lebanon in return for their inde pendence greater degree of unity on remain The president was asked if the l projected meeting with Churchill and Stalin might be enlarged to a big 4 or a big 5 conference is to include France or France and China Dutch to Help in Orient Chungking Chinese News agency quoted Neth jrlands Ambassador A A J Go ink Friday as saying that the Netherlands would send troops and he Dutch navy to the far east to fig it against the Japanese ing conference problems The Americans therefore are seeking agreement on plans for 1 Future amendment of the charter and a decision on whether any 1 of the 5 powers should be able to veto an alteration 2 Election of judges of a new international court 3 Measures against erring league members and decision whether they should be subject to expul sion 4 Election a secretarygen eral who would be the leagues chief executive officer 5 Treaties by which military forces will be made available on the call of the security council 6 Statements on equal access of all member nations to trade and raw materials and also on promo tion of full employment Next to disposal the veto issue bigfive agreement on these questions is considered essential to stepping up conference proce dure HIPOCKETS Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy claimed 47 Superforls were shot down and 83 others damaged Some returning pilots reported heavy antiaircraft fire but most of them described it as meager to moderate Fridays strike was made in broad daylight in contrast with the last heavy fire raid on Osaka when more than 300 unescorted B29s dropped over 2000 tons of incendiaries in the early morning darkness The Osaka raid was the 4th in 9 days against 3 of Honshu is lands most vital war centers B29s dropped more than 8500 tons of incendiaries on Tokyo in 2 visits Thursday and Saturday nd hit Yokohama with 3200 tons Tuesday Last weeks raids caused Tokyo Radio to scream that the enemy apital was virtually burned out Vlaj Gen Curtis E Lemay com mander of the 21st bomber com mand announced that his sky mammoths had wiped out all the argets they set for themselves in Tokyo Photographs disclosed that almost half ot Tokyo was in ruins Osaka is located centrally on Honshu It had a population of 3252340 and was among Japans most densely populated cities with an average of 45000 persons per square mile Radio Tokyo still discussing ef fects of the B29s devastating at tacks said hundreds of millions of dollars worth of material goods are destroyed overnight by a single raid However turning the broadcast into a propaganda piece it quickly asserted An in visible treasure is created and ac cumulated in the form of a grim determination to see the war through cost what it may in blood and treasure Yanks Pick Top Stars Hollywood sol diers overseas Friday selected Rita Hayworth Jennifer Jones Bing Crosby and Eddie Bracken as their favorite movie stars Re sults of voting in the G I Oscar poll based on films shown last year in 8 overseas theaters were announced in the June 8 issue of Yank the soldier magazine out Friday Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy 11 Missionaries Boy Beheaded by Japs New York American Baptist foreign mission society re ported Friday that 11 Baptist mis sionaries and a 9 year old boy were beheaded by the Japanese in 1943 on Panay island in the Phil ippines The executions occurred Dec 19 or 20 1943 but the society said it had not received permission from the war and state departments until now to make the informa tion public Those put to death hod fled to a mountain refuge which they named Hopewell in order to carry on their preaching teaching and healing mission after the Japa nese invasion the society said Wealthy Jap Homes Destroyed San Francisco homes of 2 of Japans wealthiest families the Misui and Mitsubishi have been destroyed by Superfortress bombs Tokyo radio said Friday The broadcast was heard by the United Press listening post which compelled Nipponese com manders to withdraw part ot their troops to positions in the rear in order to consolidate their defense lines Elements of the 6th marine di vision Associated Press War Cor respondent Al Dopking reported from the front were pursuing the withdrawing enemy southward loward the mouth of the Kokuba river and toward the NahaYo nabaru road south of Shuri Those which did not withdraw were either killed or captured Radio Tokyo Thursday ad mitted the Okinawa defenses had been split into multiple fronts but claimed nevertheless Friday that the Japanese still were en gaged in sanguinary handto Ameri ing tre mendous bleeding on the enemy Threequarters of the original Nipponese garrison on the im portant Ryukyu island have been killed or captured It appeared certain the remaining 25000 or fewer Japanese their line crumb ling will he unable to make a prolonged stand Adm Chester W Nimitz re ported Friday that of the original Okinawa garrison of 85000 troops 61519 have been killed and 1353 captured in the 2month cam Cease Fire Brings Quiet After Rioting Troops Remain in Barracks as France Moves to Conciliate By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS London r a 11 c e refused to comply with Prime Min ster Churchills request that Trench troops in Syria retire to heir barracks to avoid the pos sibility oE clash with the British but in a conciliatory move or dered her troops to cease fire French trops will remain in their positions s u i d a French communique issued in Paris after a cabinet meeting By ordering French troops to cease fire the French thus com plied with half the request of Churchill backed by President Truman to take steps to end the bloodshed Beyrouth dispatches said all was quiet in Syria and Lebanon after the French finally stopped their shelling and bombing of Damascus Syrian capital and that small arms fire had ceased At least 400 persons had been killed and 500 wounded The British commander in the middle east Gen Sir Bernard C Paget flew to Beyrouth Friday morning in a bomber escorted by Spitfires British destroyers swung at anchor in Beyrouth har bor British hand fight against the cans with our men inflict troops tanks and ve hicles moved along he main roads toward Damascus Thursday fol lowing Prime Minister Churchills orders to intervene Beyrouth dispatches said the French commander in Syria had agreed in a conference with the British commander to cease fire as Prime Minister Churchill had demanded and also to take or ders from the British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden informed the house of com mons that the French in Syria had been ordered by Paris not to oppose British efforts to restore order A French spokesman in Paris said the local French commander had been instructed to deal with the situation as he saw Jit and in a conciliatory spirit11 A British foreign office spokes man announcing that France had paign The 2week Yank assault j been invited to confer in London which cracked the stiff Naha ShuriYonabaru line cost the Nip ponese 13416 dead and 315 cap tured The Japanese casualty figures showing a sustained 1000 killed a day compared with American dead and missing of 9602 as of May 24 The U S figures in clude those for the navy marine corps and army No record of Japanese naval dead are known here aid the United States had agreed o take part in the conference The French council of ministers n session in Paris was expected to set forth the official French position on Prime Ministers dra matic intervention Thursday AP Correspondent Frank 3Brien reported from Damascus that the Syrian capital was easily quiet under a pall of smoke which billowed from the shattered center of the city An official of the Syrian government said 400 dead and 500 wounded had been picked up by Syrian ambulances during brief truces A British press officer said the French had agreed to take Brit ish orders OBrien reported The agreement was reached in a talk between British 9th army officers in Beyrouth and the French corn manderinchief in the Levant Gen Humbolt within a few hours alter the British announced their intervention Gen Sir Bernard C Paget flew to Beyrouth Friday morning in a Liberator bomber escorted by 9 Spitfires The planes swung in a dramatic circle over the harbor before landing Townspeople watched the planes with expres sions of joy Two British destroyers an chored in the harbor The French ceased shelling Da mascus capital of Syria late Thursday Small arms fire con Minnesota Cloudy with occasion tinucd jn tuc town until nearlv 9 TRUMAN DEWEY TO CONFER Albany N Y Thomas E Dewey 1944 republi can presidential has ac cepted an invitation from Presi dent Truman to confer at the white house it was learned Friday Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy and cooler Friday night and Satur day with fresh northwesterly winds Iowa Partly cloudy and warm with scattered showers and thunderstorms Partly cloudy with a few scattered showers Friday night and Saturday Cooler southwest and extreme Friday Cooler west portions Saturday al light rain or drizzle south p in and then died down giving and rain north portion Friday j Dani3scus its first quiet night of night becoming cloudy Satur lh crlsjs day Cooler west and south por tion Friday night nnd continued cool Saturday IN MASON CITY Maximum Thursday G2 Minimum Thursday 52 At 8 a m Friday 53 Precipitation 148 inch YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Precipitation 67 11 QUISLING APPEAL REJECTED Oslo Norwegian high court rejected Friday Vidkun Quislings appeal from a lower court order holding him for trial on treason charges The former Germansupported puppet pre mier of Norway is expected to go to trial within 2 months f A SYMBOL OF NURSES IN official U S navy picture of Lt Evelyn Bacheler of Pocatello Idaho has been proposed as a permanent symbol of nurses in the 2nd World war The picture shows Lt Bacheler at a ceme tery of a western Pacific port where she attended the fu neral of dead comrades in the army nurses corps victims of Jap suicide plane attacks on the hospital ship USS Comfort DONT FORGET The waste paper drive starts in Mason City Saturday morning ar 9 oclock Mag azines papers and scrap ore to be placed neatly bound on the curb Boy Scouti will make the house tohouse canvass Paper is needed in the war effort i Army Obeys Ruling Requiring 6 Months Training for Youngsters Washington JP The army has put into effect a congressional mandate requiring all replace ments under 19 years of age to have a minimum of 6 months training before entering combat by extending and expanding the training program insofar as it ap plies to these men The first step to extend re placement training was taken im mediately after VE day when the period for individual training at infantry replacement training cen ters was restored to 18 weeks The infantry training period had been reduced from 17 to 15 weeks shortly after the Germans attack ed in the Ardennes last December
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