Get 1 more page view just for clicking
to like us on Facebook
Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 29, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DffANTNCNT OF HIStOBY AND IA VOL U INSIDE WASHINGTON Heres Why Army Wont Bomb Hirohito Jap Deity Central Presscapital Staff bet your bottom dollar that the army air forces will not do anything to harm Emperor Hirohito even though its B29 Superfortresses have destroyed the entire city of Tokyo Some elements are clamoring for the emperors hide on the grounds that he is the deified fountainhead of the entire Japa nese military organization and in the armys view that is quite true But military men point out thai Shintoism Japans religion and Bushido the Nipponese military code derive virtually all of their power from the emperor In the armys book Japanese peace proposals can come quicker and much more authority if the emperors person is secure than if he Is killed and Americans are left to fight a fanatically leaderless people The army on its record has no love for Hirohito Every imperial edict out of muchbombed Tokyo is watched closely by the army for any direc tion Hirohito might give to Japa nese intentions during the re mainder of the Pacific war Associated and United Press full MASON TUESDAY MAY 29 President Truman has made it clear that he will accept the aid oC France in the war against Japan wherever the armed power of the rejuvenated French empire can be used to shorten conflict and save lives French Foreign Minister Georges Bidault has offered aid on land and sea and despite the desire of some navy higherups to makethe struggle as much an American show as possible the offer has been taken in earnest French troops probably will be held until the time comes to drive the Japanese out of IndoChina But when the hour arrives French poilus will be assigned to spear head the job Until then they may be held in reserve In Indo China French forces could join hands with the French un derground and with friendly na tives to whom the De Gaulle gov ernment has pledged autonomy within the empire American seapower is so great In the Pacific that even the British navy Is scarcely needed in the rj ocean war accordingto military observers who say It is hardly likely that Frances formidable fleet will see Pacific action French warships are considered by observers to be more suited to police Atlantic and Mediterranean The office of war information has just what the doctor ordered lori the sick German nation Ger many is going to get a huge dose of some of the things Dr Joseph Paul Goebbels didnt tell it Such as the atrocities in concentration camps The OWI is going to blanket the waterland with reams of copy radio speeches and films about the American Way By that time OWI feels that the Germans will see the light Sister Elizabeth Kenny Austral ian nurse noted for her treatment of infantile paralysis will get a chance to express her views before a congressional committee thanks to a clever parliamentary ma neuver by one of her admirers Rep Donald L OToole D of ew York attempted unsuccess fully for weeks to obtain the con sent of the house rules committee to have her testify concerning al leged discrimination by the medi cal profession against her treat ment Furthermore the committee pigeonholed his resolution for an investigation OToole turned the tables how ever by introducing a resolution for construction of a national in fantile paralysis clinic in memory of Franklin D Roosevelt and hav ing it referred to the library com mittee of which he is chairman Then he announced thatSister umira ness Full Leased tnv B29S Two NO 1M Japanese Raid U S Fleet YOKOHAMA Suicide Pilots Sink Ship Damage Other Light Units in Relentless Night Attack from Okinawa were account of another groups Okinawa in the Japanese planes at tacked American shipping relent lessly Sunday night and early Monday At least 77 of the raiders were destroyed This count mav be much higher It was the 2nd sustained enemy air raid in nights last Thurs day night 11 American ships were damaged and weird Nipponese at tempts were made to land gre nadearmed giretsu troops on Yonfau airfield That raid cost Japan 166 planes Marines of the 6th division in a lighteninglike sweep occupied virtually the entire western twn thirds of Naha shattered capital of Okinawa Monday The city was deserted except for a few snipers hiding among the crumbled walls and debris reported Associated Press Correspondent Al Dopking The leathernecks fanned out along the west coast to Naha har bor and one detachment landed on YonoYoma island in the mid dle of Naha bay where they drew machinegun fire from the other side With most of Naha occupied the marines were in position to cross the narrow harbor inlet for an as sault on Naha airdrome a little more than one mile to the south the multiplestrip drome is the best in the entire Ryukyu chain The marines also could swinr southeastward alone the northern side of 3Vaha harbor in a drive to meet the 7th infantry division now south of Shuri and thus en circle that stubbornlyheld for tress city in the center of the line The 7th division doughboys continuing their sweep southward from Yonabaru against feeble op position consolidated their line across the Ozato Mura hill mass and probed the outer edges of the Chenen peninsula The infantrymen penetrated to the towns of Tera and Kamizato about two and a half miles south of Shuri As this giant pincer on Shuri closed from both flanks further Japanese troop movements were reported indicating the possibility the Nipponese were pulling back south under cover rain to a new chain of hills for a last stand These Japanese bands were said to be moving in croups of 200 lo 300 They have been hammered with artillery Fighting continued fierce on Shuris northern defense perime ter Three U s divisions the first marine and the 96th and 77th in fantry met considerable artillery mortar and machinegunlire as they maintained steady pressure Iwo Jimabased army Mustangs meanwhile struck the ra naval northeast parked planes and T U u10 roriytwo Japanese planes were destroyed or damaged One Mus tang was lost Search privateers of fleet air wing one again sweeping Japans vital waters around Korea sank a destroyer and 6 cargo ships and damaged 3 other freight vessels air station 30 miles of Tokyo strafing installations YANKS ADVANCE ON NORTH LUZON Open Country Promises Easier Going for Troops Manila 25lh division headed for the open tank ground of northern Luzon Tuesday after capturing Santa Fe gateway to the rich Cagayan valley Most of the remaining Japanese forces on Luzon were scattered across the northern areas of the island Once in the open the Americans could use their over whelming mechanized superiority which has been little eood in the hill lighting so far The 25th bypassed Santa Fe on Saturday and took the town little more than a crossroads on Sun day The 32nd eastward along division driving the villa Verde trail was within 3 miles of the 2oth Japanese troops between the 2 were cut off hopelessly The Japanese had withdrawn into the hills north of Santa Fe which lies on route number 5 a highway that runs all the way to Aparri on the north coast of Lu zon The 25th was about 24 miles south of Bayombong capital Nueya Viscaya province where the hills begin to break away into more favorable fighting country Thebreakthrough into the Cag ayan valley was aided by a blis tering bombardment of enemy po sitions and rear areas durin0 which 450 tons of bombs were dropped by planes of all types Light bombers zipped back over target areas to strafe whatever Japanese personnel remained above ground Light bombers dove through clouds which prevented heavy bomber operations to plaster in dustrial targets along the western coast of Formosa in another of the constant attacks described in a communique as the islands neu tralization Buy y6ur War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy DESTROYER ESCORT TORPEDOED Soviet Spotlight MEDIATOR ROLE Senator Proposes Law r Exempting Military From Income Taxes VI a s h i n g t on Senator Bridges RN H Monday pro posed legislation exempting all men and women in the armed forces from income taxes on serv ice pay Bridges said he would offer the measure as an amendment to the first revenue bill to come before the senate in order to remove a distinct injustice in our national tax policies against the men and women in the armed services The legislation must be handled as an amendment because all tax measures must originate in the house Letters Bring News of Two More Mason Cityans Released SSgt Phil Ong Prisoner 21 Months Pfc Dietz a Year Kenny would be a leading witness Chinese Near City Only 50 Miles From IndoChina Border van Chungking MI glmrds are approaching miles southwest of the captured air bnse city of Manning and only 50 miles from the French Indo China border a communique an nounced Tuesday Other Chinese troops reached the vicinity of Pinyang 50 miles northeast of Wanning and 70 miles south of Japaneseheld Liuchow another former American air base Library to Close on Memorial Day The library will be closed Me day and beginning June 1 iiWili follow the summer schedule at 8 p m fl South library will only be open Un Monday and Thursda 6070 Per Cent of North Iowa Com Is Planted AAA Says Des Moines Iff Planting of lowas 1945 corn crop is 60 to 70 per cent completed A J Love land chairman of the State Agri cultural Adjustment Agency es Jfrnitn Tri onday and Thursday eve mgs after June I but will be Tuesday morning as well as Tjthursday afternoon ja McKinley library will be open on Friday afternoon and eve corner of the timated Tuesday The northwest state has virtually finished its planting Loveland said and the northern section generally is 70 per cent completed In the southern part of the state however not more than 30 or 40 per cent of the crop is in the ground the AAA chairman said A No editions of the Globe Gazette will be printed on Wednesday Memorial day This will be your last issue until Thursday For purposes of preserving the continuity of the comic strips the regular Wednes day installments are being presented in this paper Letters received here bring news of 2 more Mason Cily pnsbners of war recently liberated from German prison camps letter from Phil Ong the first news of him in 6 month states that he had been released from 17B in Krems Austria The letters from Pfc Alex J Diet bring word his release from Stalag 7A near Moosburg Ger many Am feeling great Preparing to leave for states soon was the message received by Ongs parents Mr and Mrs Oliver Ong 123 President court Ong had been held by the Germans as a prisoner for 21 months More than a year ago he had written home saying he was sitting and wondering the war would be over Pfc Alex Dictz son of Mr and Mrs Jacob Dtetz 20 Oth N W was taKen in Italy by the Germans last He wrote that he hoped to be home soon That he was glad to be able to write letters without someone standing over him to sec what he was writing Dietz has 3 brothers in the serv ice George in Galveston Tex S Henry in the Philip pines and John with the coast guard in California PHIL OXG 17B in Austria Stettinius Defends Veto Right of Big Five San Francisco frank bid by Secretary of Stale Stettinius for closer relations with Russia locused American foreign policy on soviet issues Tuesday and swung the United States toward the role of mediator among the great powers Events abroad and blunt words fiere made even more clear that the success of united nations ef forts to preserve world peace will depend largely on the ability of the big powers to work toffcthcr This would have to be under self imposed restraints since the or ganization being drafted by the united nations conference imposes few restraints upon the ton delegates as an attempt to ac complish 3 objectivesm Helo prepare administra tion s case for senate ratification of the league charter being com pleted here 2 Restore the Unit ed States to a middle or media tor role between Britain and the soviet union 3 Bulwark the American reputation for sponsor ing democratic ideals of freedom and antifascism pointsEecrelary made these chict 1 Major considerations of American foreign policy are to render Germany and Japan for ever harmless to extend allied unity to help establish interna tional justice and fair dealing to advance world social and eco nomic conditions as essentials of Peace and finally to realize that We in America can never again turn our backs upon the world 2 The Unilcd States must main tain its worldwide interests in its relations powers and we must mediate be tween them when their interests with the other great pon the ton conflict amons themselves Tt if 450 Superforts FireBomb Big Japanese Port City in AilOut Daylight Attack ity in a S200ton daylight fire raid Tuesday hlnrk i installations and block after ch to er2 3rd all incendiary attack in URGES CAUTION IN LEVANT Eden Hints French Should Withdraw Men London Secrelary Anthony Eden bioadly hinted Tuesday that France should with draw the reinforcements sent to the Levant states in order to avoid a possible flaieup in the Arab world that would hamper prose cution of the Pacific war Dispatch of fresh French troops to Syria and Lebanon led to out creaks in those areas which are presenting a united front in de manding a showdown with 1 ranee on their demands for inde pendence Eden told commons that the net increase of French troops is very 500 his majestys government has told the French government of their fenr that their arrival may cause re grettable actions Calling 011 all parties involved to behave with caution and pru dence Eden declared it would be inexcusable if developments in byria or Lebanon inlerferred with the war against Japan The United States is closely concerned about the situation he Eden said the French reinforce ments arrived in Beyrouth about the same time as the French dele gategeneral brought French pro posals for a final settlement be tween France and the Levant states He did not elaborate on the substance of those proposals There were hopes that the ne gotiations were going to begin but unhappily they were timed with the arrival these reinforcements We express regret about that and now we have to start again to see if we cannot better the situation The two tiny middle eastern French mandates backed by the Arab league appeared to be forc ing a showdown which may cost France part of her empire WHAT IT MEANS By DEWITT MACKENZIE AP Foreign News Analyst Whats happened in this When Syria and its little Syria Jt is the American purpose lo try constantly for greater lmity among the powers Stettinius add ed pointedly We have the right to expect the same spirit and the same approach on the part of our great nllies He made this com ment in a discussion of relations with Russia which he deliberate ly singled out from all other American relations powers Stettinius summed tins up in a defense of the veto voting formula by which each of the big 5 na tions could prevent a world se curity council from using force against an aggressor The ques tion has been raised he said as to what happens if one of the bi Russia the United States China Britain or tip on a course of aggression and re fuses to recognize the machinery of the world organization In such an event Stettinius A Ucd the is simple Another world war has come vote or no vote and the world organization has failed But he added thatis a kind of wry question and the 5 great nations have come here with the other united nations to form an organization for tn the United States dTci or war He predicted no give a blanket endorsement success m this endeavor of the policies of the Argentine radio Mnn government many of neighbor Lebanon were taken from Turkey at the end of the last war they were placed under French mandate However the peoples of both these middle east ern countries have through the centuries been fiercely independ ent ami they continued to press I for their liberty until France finally promised it The Hitlerian war intervened but June I finally was scl as the date when Syria and Le endiary attack in 6 days Yokohama u ciiy of 1009000 was one of Japans principal naval bases and he main port for Tokyo and northern Japan Devastated Tokyo itself just north of Yoko hama still was smokinr from the disastrous B29 fire raids of last Thursday and Saturday The big bombers struck from medium altilude at the 9 a m morning rush hour and Tokyo accounts said unloaded their car goes of death and destruction in a steady rain for Z1hours Mustang fighters from eslimated by Tokyo at 100 to 150 interference tor the Superfortresses and tangled with enemy fighters high over the port city Tokyo said Japanese anti aircraft bptteries also were in ac tion A Japanese communique said 30 B20s were shot down and 40 heavily damaged out of a force H estimated at 500 B29s and 100 Mustangs It said the raid lasted au hour and a half with some bombs also falling on Tokyo and Kawasaki midway between Tokyo and Yokohama Some damage was caused in the city of Yokohama the com munique said The raid was the first in strength on Yokohama a mod ern city of 72 square miles packed With shipyards motor vehicle plants steel plants and assorled aircraft rubber radio and pe troleum works Bombs were aimed at 3 main areas Yokohama harbor with its docks and breakwaters the mod ern commercial and residential sections to the sontheast and ihe northeast district where numerous war plants lie on reclaimed land e banon should receive full sover eignty Britain guaranteed their independence However Fran out into Tokyo bay Among the plants in the north east section were the Mitsubishi heavy industries and the Tokyo electric company The population in the southeastern district aver aged 30000 persons to the square mile The raid was the largest in day light since 500 B29s dropped more than 3500 tons of bombs on Nagoya May 14 It boosted the number of B29s over the Tokyo Yokohama area in the past 6 days to 1500 and the tonnage of bombs dropped to 12000 Mustang fighters from Iwo also visited the Tokyo area in daylight Monday They bombed and strafed Ihe Kasumiuaura naval air station 32 miles northeast of central lokyo and destroyed or damaged 42 enemy aircraft A dispatch from Iwo said 2 other airfields northeast of Tokyo and were strfed in the raid The Mustangs flew their deepest mission yet into Japan a round trip of 1589 miles Smoke rose to 4000 feet after the attack One enemy plane was shot down nnd another damaged in the air and 5 more were destroyed and 35 damaged on the ground One American plane was shot down over the target Navy seach planes were re vealed lo have sunk or damaged 10 enemy ships in sweeps over i waters around Korea Sunday A re i destroyer or destroyer escort a in i targe freighter and S small ships position 4 In backing admission of Ar entina to the united nations con Russia battled all Stettinius spoke LAST WARNING Washington UPJ Better get right with the tax collector Sec retary of the Treasury Henry Morgenthau Jr is going to ask congress to let him hire 10000 extra agents to help him collect 51000000000 in unpaid income taxes Buy your War Bonds and stamps from your GlobeGazette I carrier boy PFC ALEX J DIETZ Stalap 7A Arabs in the former French mandate of Syrianow in dependent London said troops of the British 9lh army might have to restore order The relative roles of France and Brilain in the mid dle east appeared to be in ques tion In Moscow and London Harry Hopkins and Joseph E Davies as special envoys of President Tru man explored the possible ac complishments of an expected big 3 meeting The goal is a key to the Polish puzzle and seltlement of other conflicts of bigpower in terest in eastern Europe San Francisco confined itself largely to the conference except for Stettinins broadcast in which ne spoke sometimes as chief Unit ed States delegate reporting on the conference and sometimes as secretary of state Broadly sketch problem the United States intends to exert all its influence in col laboration with the soviet union and GreatBritain toward fulfill ment of the Yalta agreement 6 Trusteeship arrangements for the supervision of dependent peo ples under international control have been worked out so that they would assure to the United States control of strategic Pacific islands This is in line with the demands of powerful senatorial and army navy ing American foreign policy The report was interpreted by I POET TO BE TRIED Washington UR Attorney General Francis Biddle disclosed Tuesday that Ezra Pound Ameri can poet who became an evange list for fascism in Italy will be returned to this country and tried for treason Pound and 7 other Americans who espoused th American carrier planes bombed airfield installations in the Sa kishima group between Formosa and Okinawa Sunday the Lebanese and Syrians charged that their liberty was being ham strung They demanded the with drawal of all French troops The French didnt comply and fighting has broken out in Syria Weather Report FORECAST Mson City Mostly cloudy Tuesday i night and Wednesday with ocWith Brilish 2nd Army Gcr casiqnal showers and thundermany British 2nd army storms cooler Wednesday William Lord Haw Haw Lord HawHaw Nazi Propagandist Captured by British Iowa Cloudy and occasional rain showers Tuesday through Wednesday Cooler in north Tuesday cooler Wednesday Minnesota Fair north and partly cloudy south with light showers extreme southeast portion late Tuesday night and Wednesday Cooler south portion and slight ly warmer extreme north por j0 Tuesday night Scattered light frost central portion Tues day night Warmer north por tion Wednesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazelle weather statistics Maximum Monday 50 Minimum Monday y At 8 a m Tuesday 59 Precipitation Oj Joyce nastytongued British na who ranted at his homeland over the German radio in custody Tuesday and sought means to try him as a war criminal The authoritative association said Joyce would be tried for treason in England de spite his naturalization as a Ger man subject It was possible that Britain would refuse to recognize the naturalization on grounds that it occurred during wartime Trea son can be punished by hanging TROUBLEMAKER Oklahoma City Forbes doesnt make it any easier for the OPA I can always find plenty of pigs feet at my grocery store he told the OPA what I want to know is what happens to the rest of the hog x
Once upon a time newspapers were our main source of information. Now those old newspapers are a reliable source for hundreds of years of history and secrets of the past. Now you can search for people, places, and events without the hassle of sorting through mountains of papers!
Newspaper Archive is the world's largest online newspaper database featuring over 155+ million newspaper pages. Plus our database expands by one newspaper page per second for a total of around 2.5 million pages per month! The value of your membership grows along with it.
Those looking to find out more about their forefathers can empower their genealogy search with Newspaper Archive. Within our massive database, users can search ancestors' names for news stories and obituaries. We must understand our past to understand our future!
24 hours a day Monday-Saturday
Your full introductory membership payment will be credited toward the cost of full membership any time you choose to upgrade!
"It is amazing how easy and exciting it is to access all of this information! I found hundreds of articles about my relatives from Germany! Well worth the subscription!" - Michael S.
"I love this site. It's interesting to read articles about different family members. I've found articles as well as an obituary about an uncle who passed away before I was born, and another about a great aunt. It's great for helping with genealogy." - Patricia T.
"A great research tool. Allows me to view events and gives me incredible insight into the stories of the past." - Charles S.