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Mason City Globe Gazette: Saturday, May 26, 1945 - Page 1

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   Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 26, 1945, Mason City, Iowa                                NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL U THE NEWSPAPER THAT HOME EDITION MAKfS ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS ij INSIDE WASHINGTON By HELEN ESSARY Washington We were in dinner group discus smgthis world of woe i need is to be laughed at more than we are said a gold lady We ought to be i at and the stupid things we do before it is too late to laugh Look at us here in WashingtonWe are worse than 3 witches in Macbeth Al ways stirring up trouble I only wish we had some of the say spunk of Mr Trumans mother A author ln Our group spoke H you liked the way she figuratively snapped her fin gers at the ovation she got when Mothers Day and said Tidrtle STICKS Interrupted the the most intelligent word i ve heard for years in this city or nothing but words I botlieve you are righlV said the author after a pause I think ou have hit on something jfunaa mf To prove my faith in you 1 11 do you a piece on the Fiddle sticks theme I know several peo The autlior did the piece Here Fiddlesticks Mister by Ex The great airplane slid across the Moscow airport and slowly ummc Ies Tne band played The Star Spangled Banner in a feverish tempo The honor auard marched forward The marshal stepped out in front flanked by an imposing group of high offi cials The steps were rolled up The door of the plane opened and a fragile old lady teetered down tne steps fa sreat to greet you said the marshal an inter preter rapidly er Russia greets the mother of the ofthe United States S fought together against the common enemy The day of Europe come We shall now work together to insure the peace of the world At San Francisco we offered you a Molotov cocktail as a pledge of oui friendship Here we give you the freedom of the city a free press arid the homage of a free people with only the customary exceptions and with assurances that although Poles apart geographically and po litically we are united in our hat red of Europe Fiddlesticks Mister Stalin said the sweet old lady The interpreter at her elbon promptly translated this as fol lows with great pleasure Mar BALLOT WONT DELAY MEETING CHURCHILL Indicates Big 3 May Meet Between Middle of June and July iaturla general election campaign a S In an election speech delivered at suburban Loughton Churchill gave the strongest official intima tion that a meeting with President Truman and Premier Stalin is imminent and that he might have to leave Britain for the confer ence If I have to be away from this constituency during the 17 days ot the election period June 15 to July Mrs Churchill will take my place he said JLSLSL1sha1 to eo of The prime minister made it clear that not even the allIm Fhe election m the life of his government de pends would be permitted to de timetable calls lor dissolution parliament 17 dnnBCl WLth the Jnter Sundays he had inlormed nt Truman that the elec tion must not be permitted to in teifere with arrangement for a conference between them and Premier Stalin on pressing inter national questions He made known his note to the preadent to opening his liate to participate i fri hand of IPlomatie aT1 the and held in announced in laie had to Ieave the countrv for such a meeting I hope you will make sure lhat I dont suffer or the SaM at Loughton ton f StOP his whirlwind tour of his constituency on the Great Britain Bucks U S Russian Opposition to Plan to Soften Yalta Formula Serf nv untl estaieChequers was be ing resistance from soviet Russia to oniufirf to put m writing an interpreta tion of that where and when the big power veto would delaying umed nations conference prog ress on the last major issue It threatened to prolong the con ference beyond the tentative ad journment first week of June sat nd the inUestlte thwtn the big three meeting and ront5 connected the control commission for To this after a hurried consul the marsha may be minor differ ences of policy regarding the part to be played in a new world by such nations as shall I say Ar gentma or Japan But we are as one in our determination that femocracy and freedom shall be T1 of the new world order which shall insure peace and opportunity for selfad io al libertyloving peoples throughout the world Fiddlesticks Mister Stalin said the sweet old lady The interpreter at her elbow promptly translated this as fol lows earnest hope of our People Mr Marshal that out of H Truman as successor Mr constituents that vho stood beside him in ai Pen car and said b questions H l Oaks Chaputepe7and there may emerge that u IMnfeatioii for security which will guarantee to the op SglX freedom to order their own lives without subservience Jo the na tional or international ambitions of the socalled great afto a aVtd consultations We have no pu except to secure world peace and to make certain the securilv of 3 votSand of satellite him SSSST ances within 5 hours in the con whJch hfm to on the northeast outskirts corner speech at each stop Gt faifprt M G revoUir2 liberals had toled to name anybody to oppose DUI nominations are open until June 25th for rc Britaln no purpose j except to secure world peace and n pire with 6 votes and a system of com jmnnications and naval bases ground the world The United States has no pur ose except to secure world peace md to make certain the security 3if America with a solid block of tjQtes and with control of intema transport and communica and ownership of outlying tees for the military and naval Defense of North America France has no purpose except J secure world in Europe appointments Churchill won his election The new ministers will receive frcTm K S nf King George VI They not take oaths but the commons meets on Tues day the resigned liberals of the S PoUticaI stalwarts Prime minister minister th their benches across the hall to the government keeping Germany im Potent and makinj profitable al liances with bIK and little nations China I shall scus But today we can all rejoice 2reEtiU united our common desire to secure world peace and to secure a satisfactory gf piece ol the world for great Fiddlesticks Mister Stalin said the sweet old lady Great Britain stands firmly with the other big powers against revision of the wording of the Yalta voting formula But Britain alone among the big pow ers is willing to soften the effect or the veto through a liberal in terpretation of the formula The British would like to see these 3 early steps by the council ex empted from the veto and cte by simple majority 1 Decision to investigate a of setting up a special investigating commission 2 Determination that continu ance of a dispute is likely to endanger world pence 3 Decision to call upon Parties to settle their dispute by peaceful means The United States and Russia oppose such weakening of the formula Some of the U S dele gates however do not like the voting formula anymore than the British but coniicler it a com mitment that they must fulfill They also are concerned about U S senate reaction if this coun try s ability to veto security coun cil action is weakened China doesnt like it either but thinks the Yalta formula should be given 3 trial The V S position Is that no nation by itself should be able to prevent a dispute being brought to the council or lo prevent thor ough council discussion of itbut I bc1ieves big powers should have a veto over further steps Several drafts of the Big 4 no sition on this delicate question nave been made It will when completed be an answer to the 22 questions on the voting form ula posed early this week by Ihe little nations The big fours answer probably will not be ready before Monday That means that the conference committee cannot begin work on the voting fomulas until Tuesday the earliest It has pending 30 proposed amendments to be debated Original plans were to complete committee action by Sat urday There is likelihood of early com pletion of the other major unfin ished Issues trusteeships and of assembly Progress at the trusteeship committee meet Saturday depends upon wheth er the Russian delegation has re ceived a go ahead signal from on the independence compromise The plan now is lo make independence an objective 01 the new league for trusteed topics but not for all peoples as Proposed by China and vigorous supported originally by Russia flussias answer is expected to be favorable inasmuch as she haswon another major point in the trustee ship permanent seat on the trusteeship council whcthei or not she ever administers a territoiT The question of more power foi the assembly is also stuck It is linked indirectly with the bie power veto The little nations realize they cannot win much of a concession from the big powers on the voting formula so they seek to expand the powers of the as sembly The major issue now is on a proposal that would give the assembly power to discuss any matter within the sphere of inter national relations which affect world peace The Russians say thats top much The little nations lost another point in committee Friday night by a narrow margin The issue was whether the assembly should be able to request the council to give reports on matters before it and reasons for decisions taken The vole was 21 to 13 in favor but short of the twothirds necessary for approval PLANS MEETING WITH HOOVER Truman Will Discuss Europe Food Situation Washington Tru man has invited former President Hoover to the white house for a conference on the food situation in Europe The former republican chief ex ecutive was asked to call next Monday morning Mr Hoover has accepted the invitation Charles G Ross Mr Trumans press secretary said Mr Hoover would be here at a m central war time Monday The former president was food administrator in the first world war and made several trips to Europe during and after that war to arrange for feeding the starving in Belgium and other countries said the president felt that Mr Hoover had information which would be valuable to him s in New York White house attaches could not re call the former president having visited the white house since he eft it in March 1933 to be suc succeedcd by Franklin D Roosc GUARDED DELIVERY New York UP The butter shortage is worse thau the boy power shortage so Gristede Broth ers Inc grocers now send two boys with each delivery pushcart One delivers while the other mounts guard over the scarce commodity No Paper on Memorial Day Because of ifs extreme ly limited supply of print paper the Mason City GlobeGazette will issue no paper bearing the date of Memorial day Wednes day May 30 For years if has been the custom of the Globe Gaxette to supply its read ers with papers on all holi days except Christmas Day and on Christmas when it fell on either Saturday or Monday But as long as the pres ent print paper shortage continues the question of whether or not we print on regularly recognized holi days will depend upon the condition of the Globe Gazeffej stock pifc of print paper As soon as the present restrictions are lifted the GlobeGazette will return to its former holiday schedule Jap Troops Strike Back on Tarakan Manila raged Saturday on Taral off Borneo as trapped troops counterattacked w i t U shells hC hCadS allicd The Japanese compressed in the central hills of the island were fighting their most primitive and desperate sort of battle against Australian and Dutch of compete with all the islands major installations in allied hands But the moppingup of the remaining Japanese troops was turning into one of the dirt lest jobs faced yet In the counterattacks one Japi anese force charged allied lines brandishing spears like the warI grenades down steep hills on al lied troops below A communique from Gen Doug las MacArthurs headquarters reported naval units and planes were Jhroivn into the effort to wipe the last Japanese from the island Tokyo Friday reported a new allicd attack under cover of a naval and shore bombardment In tile Philippines native troops took the lead iu fighting to liber their homeland ijy scoring notable gains on the east coast of Luzon Guerrillas now fighting as the Philippine army took Infanta miles east of Manila and near by Misua The entire Dinahican peninsula was in their hands Ine Filipino forces earlier had made an amphibious landing on the peninsula which is on Polillo strait 10 miles across from the neighboring island of Polillo uTh1 natue roops joined with the American 1st cavalry divi sion to pursue the Japanese to ward the unexplored hills toward the northwest In northern Luzon the 32nd di Japs Say Great Part of Palace Destroyed broadcasts said huge conflasrra ecl otf by American Superfortresses destroyed the 1J HI TT 11 111 ministries was said to JAPS LOSE 11 PLANES IN RAID ON U S FLEET Damage 11 Light Units in Operations Off Okinawa Coast OtfllU vision broke through a strong Japanese pocket on the Villa Verde trail and crashed within 3 miles of Santa Fe The 43rd division mopping up in the Ipo dam sector northeast of Manila reported it was still kill ing Japanese at the average of 100 a day To their south the 38th division was locked in a stiff fight with Japanese troops entrenched in caves in the roush country near the junction of the Marikina and Bosoboco rivers In Mindanao the 24th division captured Lincanan airdrome 15 miles north of Davao That was the last of 6 airfields originally held m the enemy in the Davao seclor been in Washington many times since however and on several occasions has testified on European food relief and other matters at the capital President Truman recently or dered four agencies dealing with food coal production and foreign transportation to give priority to supplies for the civilian popula tions of the liberated countries es sential domestic needs In New York Mr Hoovers sec retary said the former president would go to the white house in re sponse to a very cordial invita tion from Mr Truman She said Mr Hoover would have nothing to say about his views on the European food situation until Himmler Given Secret Burial Near Lueneberg London body of Hemnch Himmler the nazi hang man who cheated justice by com mitting suicide was buried se cretly in a nameless grave in Ger ail dispatch said Saturday A small party of British soldiers carried the blanketswathed body to the grave on the edge of Luene berg Heath just outside the Brit ish headquarters town in which he swallowed poison while being questioned Wednesday night A chaplain said last rites as the body was lowered into the grave the Daily Mail said The grave immediately was filled in A few hours before the burial the Daily Mail said a 2nd army pathologist examined the body and took a death mask and ear mask Dentists took down details of his teeth as further evidence in Guam strong Japanes air fleet including the suicide attackers of the war dam aged 11 light units of the Pacifi lleet Thursday night and earl Friday at a cost of 111 Nipponcs aircraft destroyed in a blistering 18hour Okinawa battle The Japanese made their firs attempt to land planes loadei with grenade armed Giretsu troops for suicide assaults on narked aircraft and airfield instal lations A few of these suicide vol unteers managed to set some U S Planes afire before they were cu down at the Yontan airfield near the original invasion beaches Adm Chester W Niroitz re ported this heaviest counterblov in weeks Saturday as marines drove tanks through the mined streets of shat tered capital and artillerj pounded the halfencircled fort ress city of Shuri Mud and rain hampered ground operations Nimitz announced overall Amer ican casualties of 35116 including 9602 dead for the army marine corps and navy since the Okinawa campaign began March 18 with preliminary carrier sweeps Japa nese dead in ground actions alone were listed 9 days ago at 48103 Destruction of 111 Japanese planes in the fiery aerial engage ment at Okinawa brought to 4247 the staggering number of enemy aircraft wiped out to date in the Ryukyu invasion This figure in cludes 518 destroyed by Super fortresses The Japanese made the fantas tic attempts to land grenade armed troops on the Yontan air drome during their determined lowlevel strafing and suicide at tacks Five twinengine planes at tempted to make belly landings on the Yontan airstrip but four were destroyed in the air The Fifth came down and members of the new Giretsu unit of the Kam ikaze special attack corps tumbled out bent upon exploding nearby parked planes and airfield instal lations Associated Press Correspondent Vern Haugland said Eight or more men rushed from the plane in the moonlight setting fire to parked planes with bombs and hand grenades Most of these Jap anese were killed quickly or com mitted suicide when injured Haugland said the newtype as sault caused such surprise and con fusion that the Japanese who le leaped from the plane had time to huddle for a conference and re turn to the plane for scar before really getting fired upon At least 11 of the Giretsu planes which carried as many as 15 men nave been levelled by the flames A Japanese announcement said Huolnto and his empress were sate along with the empress dowager his mother whose near by Omiya palace also burned to the ground Premier Baron Kantaro Suiuki called an extraordinary meetinr r Jls cabmet while inhabitant of the capital still were the fires kindled during a 70mllt 5 BJ9S Suzuki issued a statement re wrdtag the burning bf the penal palaces Radio Tokyo said and the cabinet ministers pledged to work for the renovation of the administration Vice ministers also were called uno SCSSIOn laler and deliberated raid threat Tokyo sTid Suzuki and 2 other cabinet ministers had visited the palace immediately after the raid to ascertain the whereabouts of in A fapaese communique were er in the compound it also c dt damage clsewher A Japanese Dome dispatch said cabinet that after seeing the imperial palace catch 19Super forts Lost in Raid making the latest attack on Togfo vcre lostover the target the 20th ir force reported Saturday A n the eaviest loss for aving UP 12 ttack on the enemy capital0In oth he recent attacks more than 00 planes participated had approached Hirohito m my trepidation as a hlS AUlri STi Suzuki said e could not help but renew his humanity and to deT end his majesty 0 the last Ir of beIAeve that th S American nation he said Transportation facilities were temporarily interrupted Tokyo S3IQ Crews who manned the 5DO Participating in the raid said 9 square miles of Marine Pfc Steuerwald Killed On Okinawa May 10 flail Clear Lake Marine Had Been Overseas Since Last December Marine Eldon Kenneth Steuerwald 19 son of C R Steuerwald Clear Lake was killeci in action on Okinawa on May 10 according to a message received from the war department statin that he had died in the perform ance of his duty and senice of his Marine Pfc Steuerwald went overseas last December He joined the marines on April 36 1944 and was last home on furlough in July He had last written home on April 28 Besides his father he is survived by 3 brothers and one sister at home and 3 married sisters JIrs Laverne Smith and Mrs Wilbur Smith of Mason City and Mrs Donald Kicfcr Clear Lake His mother died last Fcb 24 each were wiped and elsewhere out at Yontan PFC ELDON K STEUEIWALD Weather Report FORECASJ Mason City Considerable cloudi ness and somewhat cooler with scattered showers and thunder storms Saturday night and Sun Q3J1 Iowa Considerable cloudiness with scattered showers and thunder storm Saturday night and Sun day Continued warm southern part cooler in the northern part Minnesota Cloudy Saturday night and Sunday with showers and thunderstorms south and cast portions Sunday and showers over most of state Sunday after noon Cooler south portion Sat urday night and southeast por tion Sunday Warmer northwest portion Sunday IN MASON CITY Gazette Weather Maximum Friday 75 Minimum Friday 53 SatUrdaV 6b Maximum s Minimum jj Precipitation iracc that the had been all but destroyed t eWS ovw okyo radio following the rer ular Saturday afternoon t Japanese imperial palace the focal point of the Japanese peoples foremost devoted streveS 10yalty was de stroyed for the most part early e mos part early Saturday morning by a concerted i incendiary later said attack the majesties the Their imperial emperor and the empress are however safe and the announce ment of this fact to the nation has people ndcscribablc relief to thl i thc tnal the imperial sanctuary the ha5 The physical aspects of the im pena abode have been destroyed but its moral and spiritual aspects nrn 1 The commentator said the in habitants of Tokyo were to the palace in a continu ous stream to express through silent prayer their relief and loy and devotion to the throne and to pledge their determination not to rest their arms until A later broadcast said the wcater part of metropolitan Tokyo was laid tvaste icTl y all of the business cerSr touched in the 23 prertons can raids was burned to ground It said The Kreat conflagration practically laid waste lo what the   

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