Thursday, May 17, 1945

Mason City Globe Gazette

Location: Mason City, Iowa

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 17, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL U INSIDE WASHINGTON No Tox Cut UnMI VJ Day Seen by Capital Observers Central Press Capital Staff Word Js being circulate around the capitolthat there wi be a fight over any reduction i tax rates either on individuals o corporations until Japan is de feated Secretary of the Treasury Mor tenthau and tax leaders in con gress are said to have agreed tha the deficit financing necessary t subdue Japan will be so large tha any scaling down of rates woul be practically out of the questioi This goes for income taxes o individuals and corporations an excess profits taxes on corpora tions However the congressional join committee internal revenn taxation is recommendingimme diate changes in corporation ta provisions without reduction o existing tax rates These are de signed to increase the supply o ready cashin the hands of busi ness concerns for reconversio purposes Tax refunds would be speedei up excess profits credit would b made available to corporation immediately and they would b given back part of their high war time tax payments if they suf Tered losses resulting from wa production cutbacks Associated Press and United Press Full leased Now that Germany has sur rendered Washington is watchin with keen interest the work ot th army air th B29 Superfortress I just how long Japan determine will last Observers recall hoiv the ai forces laid the groundwork fo the swift allied offensives ir France after DDay Now armj experts are analyzing every heav comber raid on Japan to defer mine the full extent of damage t Japans vital industries With Germany out of the war the air forces can now bring t bear on the Nipponese homeland immeasurably larger fleets than ever soared over the reich The srovernment expects tha many ol the consumer durabli refrigerators stoves etc which went off the market afte Pearl will reappear be at no increase in prices the of the w OPAs reconversion pricing pro cram Bat it isnt likely that any new prices wlil be Wxher than 6 to ID per cent over their former levels increase for auto mobiles for example should b fteW to 6 per cent so that a cai formerly costing would cos only S60 more than before wax OPA officials declare thi Alonp with mental casualties on the war fronts is the sad fac that mental diseases among civil ians are on the increase Abou 363 out of every 100000 patients in hospitals are mental patients according to the census bureau President Truman may be forced to make a personal plea to members of his party in con gress to save the administrations reciprocal trade program from de feat or emasculation The threatened defection of 3 democrats on the house ways anc means committee endangers the Doughton bill to extend the re ciprocal trade agreements act un til June 12 1948 and authorize 5 tariIJE It was ten that only a personal appeal for support from the president could save the bill from defeat committee Situation at Trieste Appears Eased tense Trieste situation appeared eased some what Thursday after conciliatory moves and remarks by both sides Marshal T4io had withdrawn his troops from vest of the Isonzo fiVeVL orthern 11 a 1 y where they had been encroaching on ter ritory taken by the allied armies And it was stressed in Rome that the appearance of a British fleet in Trieste harbor was not intended as a show of strength to Tito However there were no reports so far that Tito had replied t ine American and British notes asking the withdrawal of his forces from the city A United Press dispatch from Trieste re ported that heavilyarmed parti sans still patrolled the citys streets rubbing elbows with American GIs and white uni formed British tars The firm stand taken by the al lies on Trieste influenced the po litical situation in Italy Ten days ago when the Tricsio dis pute flared the governr of Premier Ivanoe Bonomi loi tering Bonomis own uon was perilous Howevei his strength is based considerably on his ability to get concessions from the allies and their Trieste posi tion is much favored in Italy Bonomi and his ministers were due to arrive in Milan Thursday Before he left Rome he further strengthened his position by in viting all parties to nominate del egates for the consultative assem bly to be called soon MASON CiTV IOWA AMERICANS GAIN ON OKINAWA Big Power Problems Pile Up at Conference Z up for the months ahead The heat is beingturned on get the job here finished Confer ence committees raking over pro posed changes in the basic Dum barton Oaks security plan ar eliminating many amendments Iheir work to date strongly in dicates that the plan for an all powerful 11member securit council and a general assembl limited to debating peace prob lems and advising on their solu tiou will go through This was borne out Wednesda night by the action of the con ference committee studying as sembls duties in voting down whole series o small nation pro posals for giving the assemblj some control over council actions One result of the pressure fo speed may be for the other bi nations to move ahead on settle ment ot urgent issues withou waiting for full agreement Russia whenever Moscow re sponds slowly to soviet delega tion requests for instructions This situation in fact is al ready coming to a head over th United States proposal that th new charter should allow for re gional defense systems to pro tect nations which the world se curity system may fail to protcc against attack Ambassador Andrei Gromyko cbiel soviet delegate wired the proposal to Moscow for instruc tions Saturday Wednesday he told Secretary stettinius and oth er Big 5 colleagues he had not ye received instructions One report was that at the same time he had raised some ques tion about the self defense idea behind the regional security rangement recalling that Ger many claimed self defense when attacking Russia The Big 5 agreed to postpone a conference subcommittee discus sion of the proposal for at leas a day Irat it was made clear tha the issue would not be indefinite ly delayed The work and parallel diplo matic developments here have gone far enough to spotlight the accumulation of problems re maining to be solved after this conference Among the most im portant 1 Agreement among the united nations particularly the main military powers as to what quo tas of forces they would place at he disposal of the proposed worlc security council For the United states this would mean commit ng at least a part of the peace ime array navy and airforce to the orders of the council 2 Negotiation a new long term defense pact among the American nations to carry over he present wartime alliance into he years of peace Other collec ions of nations with common in erests alsomay work out such reattes assuming that the United States proposal for fitting them nto the world organization wins approval here 3 What to do about letting Jionunited nations info the new eague This would be a problem or the organization itself but al eady is developing ereat political importance There is widespread Pinion among officials here for nstance that Spain under the present Franco government could ever qualify for membership 4 Distribution of colonial areas aken from enemy nations in this var and reassignment or confir mation of mandated areas held rom the previous World war This conference has limited itself tnctly to setting up machinery or supervising trustee territories nming off to a future peace mcet ng the agreement on actual con rol of territories 5 Settlement of the big 3 dis ute over a government for Po and This came into the confer nce picture chiefly because of iie presence here of Stettinius British Foreign Secretary Eden nd Russian Foreign Commissar lolotov It has come to be re arded as symbolic of the diffi ulties of cooperation among the owers 6 Settlement of conflicting ter tonal claims among the nations t fcurope Presenting another for the future peace con erence these are likely to be mong the most difficult ques ons the victors of this war will ave to deal with This is evi enced by the present Anglo differences with Yuco avia over Trieste Future conferences in which ese issues will be tackled in lude according to present plans nd official hopes a meeting of den Stettinius and Molotov in xmdon a few weeks after the onference ends here a big 3 Truman Sialiri and hurchill a conference the mencan nations of this fall and ne or more peace conferences onlmed to settlement ofstrictly arbom problems PRESS SEARCH FOR HIMMLER Man Who Rescued Mussolini Captured Berchtesgadeu unre lenting search was being pressed Thursday for Heinrich Himmler Joachim von Ribbentrop and the noitorious antisemite Julius Stretcher in the Alpine passes vil lages and chalets of Bavaria and Austria Already in allied hands are Lt Col Otto Skorzeny No 2 man in Himmlers organization Ernst Kaltenbrunner Himmlers first as sistant and Dr Robert Ley labor front leader and creator of the nazi strength through joy or ganization Himmler Ribbentrop and Streicher remained the 3 most im portant nazi bigwigs at large if it is true that Hitler is dead and all 3 may be caught in this area In London Thursday Foreign Secretary Eden told commons ihe British government had received no information as to Ribbentrops Skorzeny headed a select band of saboteurs and special agents who led the German raiding Parly which rescued Benito Mussolini in September 1943 Kallenbrun ner admitted undertaking to or ganize an antiRussian under ground resistance movement Ley officers said was the mainspring of the nazi werewolf movement Even generals of divisions in this area were taking a personal part mthehugemanhunt t Himmler is knpwnVto have been at his summer home atTegensee east of here April 27 At that time Hitler and his Propaganda Chief Joseph Goebbels possibly were dead in Berlin It is Itnonn that a concentra tion of Himmlers SS men has been huddled southeast of here for weeks and it is assumed they have given an oath to defend him Each curtaincovered window i the tiny villages each chalet high on a snowcovered slope each man or woman sunning on a distant ledge becomes a sub ject of curiosity as the hunt is pressed The search is being aided by antinazi Bavarians and Austri ans who have given tips which led to some of the most spectacu lar captures in recent days Ironically one of the leading figures in an antinazi band that worked efficiently through the years of nazi rule within a stones throw of Hitlers chalet here was a Jewess who cannot now be named An American officer who spent years in Germany before the war and who for that reason was picked for a special task said the work m which she was engaged ivas smaller more compact more efficient and more deadly than even the maquis movement in France They never played us false is said They promised to de iver and did Meanwhile Dr Bobert tey one of Hitlers most powerful lieu enants anrt erstwhile master ol the laboring masses in Germany was in American hands WAR TRANSITION Minneapolis Minn dox An artificial limb company n Minneapolis is now producing war heads the explosive front ends of 3 Vi inch rockets used in Jremvasion bombardments on Pacific island beaches troops keep guard over was n the 10000ton German Varship Prinz Eugen which ila surrendered along with other nazi craft in Copenhagen Harbor when German armed forces gave up unconditionally Moscow Report Says Political Situation in Europe Requires Attention on Highest Level A Moscw dispatch said Thursday that it has b the soviet capital that the worsening political situ attention on the highest levelI The ily censored indicated Russia was inclining to thebelief that the al lied big 3 should meet in the near future to iron out pressing Euro pean problems Both President Truman and Prime Minister Churchill publicly have expressed the hope and the need for such a meeting But Pre mier Stalin to date has remained silent Churchill was known to be de sirous of haying the leaders meet in London but it appeared more likely they would get together somewhere on the continent pos m conquered Germany S Handler United Press sihly M correspondent in Moscow safd the dispute over occupation and possession Trieste was thelat est and perhaps most acute of the European problems to plague the allies The Trieste affair in its essence is the fundamental issue under lying practically all pending prob lems Handler cabled The Polish problem still heads ihe list of unsolved problems The situationin the Balkans calls for clarification So far 35 can be noted no pro gress has been made in solving any of these problems since the day when liberation of these countries got under way Handler said the problem of ermany may overshadow even the discords of eastern and south eastern Europe An occupation regime for Ger many has been worked cut in the ory by the London advisory com mittee he said but the question s whether the machinery to be set up will function smoothly or vhether the 4 zones will fall into ightlycompartmented areas with neither communications between REPLIES TO CHURCHILL De Valera Raises Independence Question Dublin Premier Eamon De Valera again raised the ques tion of complete Irish indepen dence in replying to Prime Min ister Winston Churchills harsh criticism of Irish neutralitj rD Valera in a radio speech Wednesday night said allowances can be made for Mr Churchills statement however unworthy in the first flush of his victory The Irish leader posed the question ol whether Ireland could join a war for the indepen dence of other small nations when several Irish counties were under British domination That Churchill should be irri tated when our neutrality stood in the way of what he thought he vitally needed I understand De Valera said But that he or any thinking person in Britain or else where should fail to see the rca STRIKE NAGOYA WITH MILLION FIRE BOMBS 500 Superforts Leave City Burning in 2nd Raid of Week BULLETIN Guam enemy reporl ed Thursday that minelaying Su perfortresses and Twobased Mus tang fighters attacked Tokyo and its inland sea lanes several hours after 500 B39s touched off hufre res visible 150 miles in indus trial Nagoya Guam great lleet ol more than 500 Superfortresses Smdled huge new conflagrations inursduy in Nagoya war vital aircraft and arsenal center still in flames from Mon days incendiary vaitl The B29s struck shortly after midnight dropping more than a million fire bombs from medium altitude by the light of flares and fires started Plane sfrikc Japanese broadcasts Mondays 500 reported i nf Wi fcdi that 12 hours later 40 lighters from Iwo Jtma strafed the Fu Jisawa district on the soulhern outskirts of metropolitan Tokyo Thursdays B29s drooped more than 3500 tons of fire bombs on a I6snuaremile target area cen tered on the section adjoining Na Soyas inner harbor and estuary flocks the only portion of the city not previously hit by incendiaries Heavy fires were left roaring along the waterfront reported Lt George Walker Superfort naviga tor Irom Boston Mass i J1 beleve theres much left of the city 3rd largest in Japan added Sgt Ray Karpowicz radioman from Madison 111 who has been on 14 Nagoya raids Returning crewmen reported antiaucraft fire was meager and the few interceptor planes were anxious to fightThere was ho report of any B29s lost A Japanese imperial communi que claimed 9 B20s were shot down almost identical with its story after Mondays raid in which 2 Superforts were de stroyed The enemy communique said the AtsuU shrine was bomb ed As usual it made no mention of industrial damage and claimed most tires were under control by dawn The target area included the Mitsubishi aircraft assembly plant which has been called the worlds largest Also attacked Thursday were small home factories and shops operated by many ot Nagoyas 1 500000 residents the Aichi air craft companys Mizuka plant At suta Engine company and alum inum locomotive and munitions factories warehouses and storage facilities Other major plants in the tar get area included steam and elec tric car munitions and ordnance plants a vehicle company 2nd largest in the empire Sumitomo aluminum company works Ho Kuku machinery companys At suta plant Yahachi sfeel Oka sun for our neutrality find it moto aircraft companys Showa and Casaders plants Osaka Churchill makes it clenr thai in certain circumstances he would have violated our neutraliw and he would have justified his ac tions by Britains said De Valera Surely Churchill must Fierce Fight Continues on Mindanao Manila 31st di vision doughboys drove 3 miles along Sayre highway in moun tainous north central Mindanao while another veteran outfit the 24th division was still locked in close combat Thursday with fana Uccil Japanese trapped near Davao The push north of captured Maramae put the 31st within 8 miles of the Valencia air fields and aa miles from the 40th infan try division The latter is driving S J1 tcom Del Monte along grav elled Sayre highway Between these 2 forces he bulk of an es irnated 50000 enemy troops on this 2nd largest Philippine island was preparing for a lasldilch stand m wild hill country of Buk idnon province Veterans ot the 40th division who landed a week ago at Macai alar bay on fhe north coast were r a free south of Del Monte Gen Douglas MacAr thur announced in communique They advanced slightly against strong resistance Northwest of Davao the 24tn slowly dug enemy troops out of enlrenched positions between the Talamo and Davao rivers Deep grass permitted the Japanese to steal through lank lines and guns often were abandoned for knives bayonets and fists in fierce in fighting A marine dive bomber silenced one of several troublesome Japa nese naval guns across Davao Straits and PT boats in a daring daylight crossing of Davao Gulf destroyed 6 70foot torpedo boats and one barge fired 4 fuel and ammunition dumps and knocked out a pillbox at Pisco Point Japa nese secret naval base On Luzou guerrilla forces har assed Japanese garrisons at Tu guesarao and along highway 4 in southern Cagrayan valley but the doughboy drive down the road from Balete Pass was halted by heavy rains East ot Manila two prongs of powerful 43rd infantry division pincers closed lo within I 000 yards of each other and com pressed a strong enemy force near the Ipo dam watershed source of Manila water Dutch troops landed unopposed on the southern lip of Tarakan island off the Borneo coast and strong Japa nese position Medium attack and fighter bombers pounded enemy positions on north Luzon with ISO tons of bombs while other air umls ranged over a wide area from For mosa to French tiidoChina the Dutch East Indies and New Gui nea A navy Liberator sank a 3000 ton freighter transport off the Celebes Patrols in the Dutch East Indies sank 4 freighters and 2 coastal vessels and damaged sev eral others Long range patrol planes bombed an airdrome at Canton at night and sank Z coastal vessels near Hongkong in a daylight raid Rail and highway lines were hit in French IndoChina that if his contention be admitted a like justification can be framed for similar acts of aggression else where and joining a hem nor common policy lo reg o ilate them1 no small nation great power be permitted to go 2 Million More Book i Available Soon PROBE DEFENSE TOPROVIOEFQR FINAL BATTLE 46505 Japs Killed in Campaign for BigRyukyu Island Guam marines and doughboys on Okinawa sent patrols into the key towns of Naha and Yonabaru Thursday in preparation for what may be the final offensive for control of the big island Tanks pushed out 800 yards toward 1onabaru and 6th marine division patrols probed the bloody and debrisslrcwu streets of the capital city of Naha At the same lime the loth armys 382nd regi ment tightened a pincers within ZOO yards of the bitterly con tested inland stronghold of Shuri which appeared to be Ihe chief obstacle to a swing down the is land on both the eastern and west ern flanks Ahead ot the marines on the west side of the island lay Naha airstrip a mile southwest of the capital and biggest prize of the 48 day campaign The Japanese were resisting fiercely from wellestablished de fense positions and only the ten acity of an estimated 30000 or more fanatical enemy which were being killed at the rale of one a in the way of American forces anxious for a quick cleanup of the island A recapitulation of Mondays Japanese counterattack against the 1st marine division north of Takamotoji showed 585 enemy dead and an estimated 446 addi tional ralio of 20 to I to U S losses One flamethrowing tank crew claimed it burned la death 75 enemy soldiers in less than a minute Lt Col RobertPost of Miami Fla estimated Ihis ready has accounted for more than 1000 Japanese in additioti to hose they have flushed from hidden positions Marine Sgt Harold foreman of the United Press bureau at Atlanta Ga reported that a pa trol which entered Naha stayed for almost 5 hours in daylight without seeing a living person un til a Japanese soldier threw a hand grenade as they departed Foreman quoted combat photo grapher Pfc John T Smith Jr Charleston S Car as saying The bombings of Naha must have caught a lot of people by surprise for their grotesque charred bod ies lay sprawled on the ground or in doorivays as hough theyd been killed in mad flight Streets and sidewalks had been torn wide open The streels were nocked with bomb craters and we had lo crawl around mounds of debris and past stinking corpses of peo ple and animals It must have been a beautiful uptodate city once but now it looks like a trash dump The battle raged on with un paralleled fury all across the southern tip of the island It al ready was the bloodiest campaign of the Pacific war and casualties on both sides continued lo mount by the thousands oyaaraideSrltS 2000000 crat fire Thoma Dean aVaiab top gunner irom Norfolk Va after Thursdays raid They real ly spotted us and it was bright enough to read but so far as be more books oC ble through lobacco and drug stores this quarter The war production board said the increase results from a March directive that at least twothirds of civilian output must be own way in peace Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette arrier boy Weather Report FORECAST Iasm Cjty Fair Thursday night and and Friday owa Fair Thursday night Friday Warmer Friday Pair Thursday night and Friday Scattered light frost Thursday night Warmer Friday except near Lake Superior IN MASON CITY JIobeGazettc Weather Statistics Maximum Wednesday 59 Minimum Wednesday 39 At 8 a m Thursday 43 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 53 Precipitation 04 Predict Easing of Cigaret Shortage Ktw York easing of the cigaret shortage within 2 or 3 months is predicted by manu facturere j Tokyo Radio Report Dissolution of jap Totalitarian Party By UNITED PRESS have been reduced considerably industry members believed Meanwhile Philip Morris company Ltd said it would in crease allotments of its brands to civilians by 50 per cent beginning June 1 The National Association of Tobacco Distributors summed up The situation will ease durin the rest of 1945 but civilians still will have to stand in line EDEV IN LONDON London Secretary Anthony Eden returned Thursday from the San Francisco confer ence after a visit in Washington en route to London Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette earner boy imperial assistance association Japans to talitarian party according to a Melbourne broadcast recorded by Press monitors in New United York Thursday The disbanded association headed by Premier Adm Kanlaro Suzuki There was no immediate planation for dissolution of party which was formed in 1940 under the dominance of the Japa nese military extremists generally credited with instigating the at tack on Pearl Harbor In 1941 Japans biggest indus trialists organized a rival group known as the imperial rule as sistance political association The latter organization was dissolved last JIarch but reappeared short ly afterward under the name of Greater Japan Political associa tion J P Norfieet shown at the left above accepts suvven Rorfo t ho p858 from Capt Lt Thilo Bode the crafts 27 year old captain The surrender took place m American waters 42 miles off Cape May N J and 52 U858 had sunk of preying on allied ve e s in th Af in the Atlantic United States navy photo Jinquc rc that 4650o Japanese had been killed and 1038 taken pris oners through Tuesday In the last 5 days the Americans have been killing Japanese at the rate of 1400 every Zi hours American soldiers and marines have been dying at the rate of 136 a day during thepast week Cas ualties for the first 44 days of the campaign through Monday to talled 3781 dead 17004 wounded and 165 tolal of 20950 Toal American casualties al ready had exceeded those on Iwo Hie number of dead to date was 408 fewer On the east coast of Okinawa a platoon of tmks of the 9Gth divi sion drove 800 yards south almost to the outskirts of tha port of Yonabaru by noon Wednesday Resistance w a s comparatively light but a fierce battle was an ticipated for the city itscU Vanguards were within 500 yards north of the center of Yona baru Shuri inland citadel midway between Yonabaru and Naha was under assault from 3 sides Elements of the 96th division battled within 20 yards east of Shuri in a drive that threatened to collapse the eastern flank ot the citys defenses The Japanese attacked under cover of a heavy mortar barrage and oven threw satchel charges over the hills crest at doughboys threequarters of the way around its base Edxvard L Thomas United Press correspondent on Okinawa said I iiciillookcd as as an ant hill Thursday Tanks and name throwers were working over the I entrenched Japanese