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Mason City Globe Gazette: Tuesday, May 15, 1945 - Page 1

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   Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 15, 1945, Mason City, Iowa                             f NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER AwxaaUd XKU and United Pro INSIDE San Francisco EDITORS fa the last In a series of articles abou the San Francisco conference writ ten specially for the GIobeGa toJhe Rev John Clinton of the First Methodist church of loiva Falls By JOHN D CLINTON San so I con elude my thoughts on the San Francisco conference with a story on one of the most universal sub jects a tombstone We regret the presence through the world or unnecessary thou sands of these articles We had hoped for the erection of 2 of them especially not for any man essentially unless like these 2 whose ideals only merited such stones the procedure has been Jong overdue 1 The tombstone of which I speak worn as a symbol by such as Benny Bufano the sculptor Wal ter Winchell Orson Wells also that Russian correspondent friend whose only English word was OkeyDokey so we nicknamed him and your special writer from Iowa Falls And all wore Plastic tombstones In our lapels Tombstone was a black cat and since his departure to the heavenly bade fence of that feline Valhalla Sculptor Bufano formed him in febony marble to sit forever asleep by the Press club fireplace where 2 nameless reporters found him the night of one of the bad days in 1906 when San Francisco was nearly shaken to pieces Because the only friendship is one that has lasting quality whatever the ex perience at least 2319 of us as prospective press men wore the souvenir badge which pictured this symbol of lasting companion ship QF course there was in San Fran Cisco companionship those pessimists and cynics trying to beat up a sad story Drew Pear son in some his writings has sounded like some visitor to Fish ermans wharf who in eating his first lobster forgot to turn the right side up and pecked axvay at theold red shell fussing because ihe meat wasnt there when all lie had to do was turn the lobster over and go at it from the right direction All yon had to do was listen to vLsnch as War Minister Forde from i Australia wttnluVsStoryot IBTotfo brides let alone the 20000 English irirls who have said I will accompanied by an Ameri can soldier taking the other ead inr part in that particular cere mony to know that the American soldier is certainly doinghis part in lasting companionship And that feline fraternity of a faithful cat by a fireplace is cer tainly merited by aviation with 54 countries in league in the air to such an extent that air hours from Mason City and Iowa Falls are al ready so charted farther to Moscov Ind that it is no than Kokomo FIGHT MAKB AkX NORTH IOWANS NEIGHMRS MASON CITY 1QWA TPESOAY MAV 5 ot Two Scettousectlon Report Congress on TERM PROGRAM PLAN AGAINST CIVILIZATION Commission Visited Camps at Buchenwald Nordhausen Dachau Washington congrcs Sional mission reported Tuesday its inspection of German concen tration camps forced the conclu sion the nazis carried out a cal culated and diabolical program or planned torture and extermina oecuon Una IkTfk 1ft4 STREETS OF NAHA Lion The mission composed of 6 sen ators and 6 members of the house of representatives flew to Europe April 2 and spent most of a fort night lookins over the notorious camps at Dachau Buchemvald and Nordhausen Germany In their report the group termed the nazi program of star vation torture and unhonored death for slave laborers and no itical prisoners no less than or ganized crime against civilization ana humanity Those who were responsible ihould have meted out to them swift certain and adequate pun shment the report advocated In view however of the ex stenc of the allied war crimes commission the committee said t did not believe any additional agency need be created The agencies now dealing with the problem are responsible and competent and will approach the standpoint of rALIFORNIA conference denced the presence of some travelers like those I saw in the great trains One porter said it fo those kinds I have some car it is just pick up all the time after people who seem ti have no program but to throv something around Press men wil always be happy On the other hand for this man Commander Stassen who came out of the middle west to tell us that after the few folks get through crying about the things that divide us are going to find that our dif ferences are less strong than the deep desire of us humans to emerge out of this business with a peace that shall last TJp until now T had a great monument in mind to this fact in the PanAmerican building in Washington where once a month the representatives of American republics and dominions pull up their chairs at one great table to talk the united tray I was glad when down at Mexico City by the act of Chapnltepec the Americas pushed their collectionsecurity scheme out one more notch And today I give thanks that before the blue upholstery of Ihe great desks at San Francisco I have witnessed the experiment tried in America beinf given world sanction For by the good black cat Tomb stone and in the name of 2300 press men we have pulled up our chairs by the fireside of compan ionship of world security Here as we eat our lobsters right side up and quit picking around it will be to the tune an old American theme sung now around a united world that a great and deep de sire shall not perish from this earth And the pitchpipe for it was a gavel brought down on the true blue upholstery of the tables at San Francisco Expect Spain to Return Laval to France Soon Paris Laval for mer premier of the Vichy govern ment is expected to be returned soon from Spain to France for trial as a war criminal official French circles reported Tuesday Quarters for Laval are being prepared in the Fresnes jail near Paris where a majority of leading traitors and collaborationists arc being held pending trial practical justice in every area ana n all categories of crimes that may be involved the report said In general it recounted the arae shockingstory of calculated misery and degradation made fa mUiar by scores of articles from he scene Treating in detail on the estab isnment at Buchenwald the law makers said Pictures and descriptions of he conditions at this camp can ot adequately portray what he SW Gru and il the stench of the camp is smelled mat anyone can have a complete appreciation of the depths ol degradation to which the German nazi government and those re sponsible for it had dropped m their treatment of those whn have failed to embrace the doc trines of the master race A Macabre detail of the Dachau camp was related There prison ers of distinction including those with military records were per mitted to kneel on a small board walk as they were executed by OTifire Women and common po litical prisoners knelt on an to receive their earthen bank death bullets Since we had seen no coffins at other camps visited we inquired why coffins were used at Dachau and were informed that these cof fins were reserved for prisoners of distinction The committee visited Dachau within 48 hours after its liberation by American forces When WE arrived there were many prisoners lying dead be tween the infer and outer barbed wire fences the legislators said apparently shot by the guards Lying in rows were about 300 bodies of those who had died and had been collected that morning from the various barracks Concluding its recitation of the damning evidence the report as sertedr The committee feels that out of it all justice will emerge and that inrpugn the sickening spectacle which we have witnessed of the legradation to which human beings have been subjected will come ultimately a firmer realization nat men of all nations and all ongues must resist encroachments of every theory and every ideo ogy that debases Mankind and hat a more just and enduring peace may arise upon the ruins and from the sacrifices which the human race has endured through one of the most crucial periods of ts history Those making the trip were Senators Barktey D D Thomas D R Wherry R Nebr SaltonsUH R Representatives Thomason Richards D S Car Father Charles B Goetzinger IONIA PRIEST DIES AT 67 Fr C B Goetzinger Succumbs at Hospital New The Bev Charles B Goetzinger 67 pastor of St Boniface Catholic church at loma for 29 years died in a La Crosse Wis hospital Monday He had been ill several months and underwent a major operation there The body was brought to the LarkmKnutson funeral home here YoMr x I877Jn Eubuque county son of Nicholas and Catherine Goet zinger He attended St Lawrence college at Mt Calvary Wis St Josephs college Loras at Du buque and was graduated from St Francis seminary in Milwaukee Wis and ordained a priest on June 22 1902 at Milwaukee He was assigned to St Marys cnurch at Dubuque as an assistant pastor then to Lyons and Clinton in Iowa then for 10 years he did missionary work in Texas and Oklahoma Returning to Iowa he was assigned to Petersburg and on May 26 1918 to Ionia as pastor where he remained until his death while there he enlarged the parochial school purchased a con vent building and built a larre modern brick church Father Goetzinger was president of the Columbian Life Insurance com pany with headquarters in Sioux Find Body of Goebbels in Underground Moscow body of Nazi Propaganda Minister Paul Joseph Goebbels Has been found in a vast underground city beneath Berlin the red army newspaper Red Star reported Tuesday lo R Ore and Short R Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GIobeGaielte airier boy lowan Stops Escape of 2 SS Members Germany jp An observing lowan Pfe Clifford Busse of Rock Rapids recently prevented two members of the German SS troop from avoiding capture by wearing civilian clothes Busse who had been ordered to question all suspiciouslooking persons noted two husky and ap parently very healthy men among a group of freed slave laborers who came drifting by him Considering the undernourish ment of the majority of the men Busse suspected that these two lad been living entirely too well for slave laborers and turned them over to military police His suspicions were confirmed vhen he received congratulations a short time later for capturing a couple of selfconfessed SS troop said that Opebbels corpse and those of his wife and children were found where they had committed suicide before a microphone The story said the underground city 20 meters below Berlins sur face and safe from the reach of allied bombs contained factories offices and arserials linked by electric railroads Goebbels Hermann Goering and other prominent nazis had lux urious apartments in the sub terranean Berlin Entrances and exits fo the rooms matched any fortress The huge walls were made from special reinforced con crete armor plate Berlin residents said Goebbels and had built their shelters there many years before the war The underground city stretched beneath all the streets boulevards and alleys converging on the Wil helms trass t In a house at No 63 Charlotten sfrasse a soviet correspondent rummaging in the debris founda narrow passageway below the surface of trie ruins It led to an enormous underground structure with massive doors and electric installations Theluxurious furni ture clothes aria linen littering thefloors of the rooms indicated an influential family had lived there In other subterranean dwellings correspondent found large amilics huddled In corners be leath dim kerosene lamps They 942 hVed hCre litte Since From one such dwelling a nar row corridor led to a steel door ind behind that was a hand gre nade factory where women and children worked the dispatch said Another miniature city lay under the ruins of the main gestapo building Innocentlooking sewer covers concealed the entrance to an elaborate transportation sys tem connecting more munitions factories and residential quarters Steel columns supported a con crete ceiling in a huge depot filled with shells incendiary explosives and smoke bombs all neatly stacked and properly labeled Other shelves were filled with cases containing machine gun bul lets pistols and tommy guns The miniature electric railroad serving these arsenals was found intact Conveyor belts carried the ammunition close to the surface where the heavy guns were cm placed The largest number of subter streak from U ROCKETS BLAST TARAKAN IN PREINVASION Hitler Secretary Tells Last Days in Berlin By JACK FLEISCHER Obersalzberg Germany A man who was a stenographer at Adolf Hitlers headquarters in iierim said Tuesday that the fuehrer decided on April 22 to meet his end fighting the Russians irom an underground fortress be hind the reichs chancellery The man is Gerhardt Herrge selle who was summoned to Hit ler s headquarters last July to do stenographic work after another stenographer had been killed in the attempt of the German arms generals to assassinate Hitler Herrgeselle said that Hitler his sweetheart Eva Braun Martin Gormann deputy leader ot the tiazi party Field Marshal Wilhelm Keitel and Col Gen Gustav Jodl who signed the German surrender at Beims were living in the un derground fortress Around oclock on the morning of April 21 Herrgeselle said the Russian artillery fire became heavier and obviously were seeking to concentrate heir fire on the government dis rict Later Russianplanes made lowlevel attacks around central areas such as Friedrich Strasse and Hallesches Tor ui suuicri From on there were con ranean passages were found be frcnces almost without intcrrup neath the Wilhelmstrasse and Unter den Linden Many secret places there still were unexplored Red Star said it was possible Hit lers body yet might be found in one of them Support the 7th Buy War Bonds Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair Tuesday night Wednesday increasing cloudi ness with showers beginning in the afternoon or evening Con tinued cool Iowa Fair Tuesday night Wednesday increasing cloudi ness with showers beginning in west portion in afternoon Con tinued cool Minnesota Partly cloudy Tuesday night and Wednesday Frost and freezing temperatures again Tuesday night Little change in temperature Wednesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statistics Maximum Monday Minimum Monday At 8 a m Tuesday Precipitation YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 43 34 42 02 Inches 91 60 from Gen Mark w LI ark commanding general lath army group Italy American soldiers in the 55th army pro up embody the might of our country on the battlefield It is up Ameri cans at home to uphold them by putting the nations foil dol lar might behind the war loan Every American citizen is m honorbound to assure that this loan joes over ihe top tion Paul Joseph Goebbels commander of the Berlin defense rushed inand out of headquarters many times Subordinate commandeis re ported in a steady stream Still no decision was made to remove us to the south Herrgeselle said the next day the Russian infantry began press ing steadily in toward the center of Berlin One spearhead was mov ing along Prenzlauer Alice which ends at the Alexander Platz Hit lers special company of SS escort men was sent to protect the chan cellery from that direction Various officers and govern ment officials frantically rushed around trying to organize the re mainder of the chancellery per sonnel into a volksturm unit Herrgeselle said Finally about SCO such persons were armed with pistols and rifles The first military conference that day was held between and p m but still no deci sion ivas made about leaving Ber lin But daring the series of con cannot remember how many because things become quite was obvious things were critical Officers and officials continu ously streamed into the conference room in groups anywhere from 3 or 4 to maybe up to 30 Daring this period the first criticism was made of Hitler regarding remain ing in Berlin But Hitler seemed slightly hazy He often failed to reply to questions At other times he obviously was not paying any attention to questions The big decision finally was made in a 15minute conference beginning at p m Those present were Hitler Bormann Keitel and Jodl Hitler was dressed as usual in dark trousers field gray jacket with the iron cross hanging from the left side and a brown shirt that had white collar and cuffs In recent days he had not looked so fit His face was rather puffy and he flushed easily He seemed to become more stooped daily and when he walked his shoulders gave the impression almost of being a hunchback His left arm shook considerably His right hand where he was wounded in the July 20 explosion also shook Uerrgesellt said that a steel door was closed for the o clock conference and then Hitler announced to Bormann Keitel and Jodl It is lost I shall remain in Berlin I shall fall here In the reichschancellery The conference according to Herrgeselle was confused and heated At times everybody except Jodl was talking at the same time in loud voices Keitel and Bor mann opposed Hitlers decision to stay in the chancellery Jodl ap peared to be indifferent Both Keitel and Bormann according to Herrgeselle told Hitler My fuehrer that contradicts what you have taught us in past months They referred to Hitlers declara tion that he would continue to fight so long as there was any German soil left to fight on Jodl who earlier had been the only one who dared to tell Hitler the truth was quiet throughout most of the conference Herrge selle said Bormann and Keitel however continued to try to per suade Hitler to change his rnind and go to southern Germany or Norway But Hitler would not be talked out of his decision During the dis cussions he frequently tried to si lence Bormann and Keitel but usually they were shouting at nee Hitler ordered Keitel Bormann and Jodl to leave order he must have repeated at least 10 times But Bormann and Keitel said My fuehrer we will not eave you We would be ashamed to appear before our wives and children if we did Then Bormann Wll not obey you Keitel said I wiil stay I stay Jodl however calmly said will not stay in this mouse hole Here one cannot work fight or operate Keile then tried to persuade Hitler that Germany still had much left with which to carry on the war but Hitler did not seem to be impressed Jodl askedMy fuehrer do you hereby yield com plete leadership But Hitler never made a really clear reply to that question Later in the conference he told the 3 others Go to south ern Germany Goering should form a new government But Hit ler never explained whether he meant Goering should form a gov ernment immediately or should wait until after Hitler was dead The conference was adjourned temporarily at p m Herrge selle said and then was resumed This time the group was Joined by General Krcbs Everybody in the room except n Hitler went out several times to telephone Herrgeselle said Lat er events indicated they telephon ed various persons and ordered them to call Hitler and try to per suade him to leave Berlin Ad miral Doenitz telephoned Hitler and gave an optimistic picture of the situation Herrgeselle here explained that because Hitlers hearing had been impaired in the July 20 attempt on his life a ste nographer usually listened in on his telephone conversation Hitler listened to Doenitz for a while and then said Thank you Hcrr crand admiral Heil Then Foreign Minister Ribben trop telephoned He apparently was somewhere in Berlin and spoke excitedly He claimed to have an authentic report of ten sion between the uesteni allies and Russia Ribbentrop said One of our best agents who travelled In the best British circles just ar rived in Switzerland He said the British cabinet already was split and that dissension between he allies must come But Hitler merely said Oh that as what that man saysthat is what you say lher appeared with his children First he brought them into the conference room but then took them into the next room Goebbels argued about the nazis historic thesis of the fight against bolshevism and said I propose that we turn our backs to the western front and continue fo fight bolshevism Hitler replied that is capitulation and I will not cooperate argument continued until p m Keitel continued to say he would not leave Milter and Hitler continued to order him and the others to leave There also was an argument over wheth er the protocol the notes Herr resele was taking on the conver sations should remain in the chancellery and be destroyed nhcn the end came or whether another stenographer and I should fly south and transcribe our notes Hitler suddenly decided in favor of the latter Herrgeselle said that when he left the room he saw Eva Braun playing with the Goebbels chil dren and she asked whether he was flying south When she learned that he was she asked him to take along a package and said she would give it to him later I had seen Eva Braun around several times Herrgeselle said but I never paid any attention to her and did not know until later hat she was the fuehrers swcet leart YANKS BEGIN TO OUTFLANK JAP ANCHOR HOLDS Marines Unhinge Nip Across Souther MONTGOMERY RESTS London W Field Marshal Montgomery is resting at the home of Maj T Reynolds headmaster Amesbury school at Hindhcad burrey It was reported that the teld marshal exhausted from the European campaign was seeing only personal friends and that he would remain several days before returning to duty Guam infan trymen fought through the rub bed streets and ruined buildings or Naha Tuesday to within 2000 jards of the dock area and un hinged the Japanese defense line across southern Okinawa Marines of the 6th division de spite Japanese mortar and ma chine gun fire crossed the Asato river and battled to within 1000 yards of the heart of the capital city On the opposite end of the 6 mile battle front troops of the 96th army division wheeled around captured Conical Hill con solidated their positions at Vona baru air field and laid siege to Yonabaru City and its east coast port Maj Gen Pedro De Valles 1st marine division and Maj Gen Andrew Bruces 77th army divi were closing a pincers on un village the enemys anchor point in the center of the trans i land fortifications system The center of the line proved as lough as either the Naha or Tona baru flanks Process of both the army and marine divisions still was being measured Jn fraclions of miles Marines invaded Naha at the Takamotoji district after spanning the Asato During the crossing Maj Gen Lemuel C Shepherd Jrs leathernecks were under al most constant fire The Japanese garrison esti mated between 30000 and 40000 appeared determined to resist bJtterJy to the inevitable end The capture of Conical Hill announced Tuesday by Fleet Ad Chester W Nimitz split the line and opened the way for outflanking move ments against Naha and Shuri Overrun in the advance was ionabaru airfield the 4th of Oki nawas 5 airfields to be captured by the 10th army The thrust put troops due east oi both the inland town of Shuri and the west coast port of Naha ruined capital of Okinawa and exposed the cities to attack from the rear Both were holding out against savage American frontal attacks Marines of Ihe 6th division were reported blastiuc deeper nto the northern outskirts of Nana with grenades flame throwers and machineguns but a security blackout cloaked de rails of their progress The rubble of Naha was alive vith snipers and machinegun nests front dispatches said There were indications that the city had a system of defenses con nected by underground tunnels Housetohouse fighting was un der way in some sectors Equally bloody fighting was underway for Shuri under as ault by the first marine and II1 army infantry divisions The first marines gained up to 50 yards Monday northwest of huri while units of the 77th cached the foot of Chocolate Jrop Hill immediately before Shun but were forced Jo with draw by heavy Japanese fire A battleship supporting the drive scored 25 direct hits on a ray stone barracks building in he heart of Shuri Monday but 11 Zo shells bounced off the thick vails like so many rubber balls vithout apparent damage It was believed that the en mys subterranean defense sys em may radiate from the build ng christened Shuri Castle by he doughboys With Conical Hill in thcir ands the Americans were in a osition to wheel south and west o envelop Shuri and Naha from the rear Carrier planes and the big guns of warships offshore continued to support the ground campaign Several groups of Japanese Planes attacked American ship ping off Okinawa Sunday night ana early Monday and damaged 3 units Okinawa 35 enemy planes attacked aged 2 in 3 groups They dam hght American naval units but lost 25 planes in the effort One destroyer alone shot down 8 enemy planes Smash Through to Cayagan Valley Manila di vision doughboys Tuesday smashed through the 75yard wide Balete Pass leading to the relatively open ground of Cayagan valley gato way to northern Luzon As the 25th secured the narrow defile of Balele 32nd division units advancing through the twist   

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