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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 14, 1945, Mason City, Iowa OF HI3TOSV AND KOINES MORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL LI One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary by W EARL HALL Monoging Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO Mason City Sunday 5 l m KSCJ Sioui Clly Sunday p m WOI Ames Wednesday a m IVSLI Iowa City Wednesday 74i u m WIAD Quiney III Friday p m If We Want Safety We Can Have It EVERY DOW and then in the grist of mail which reaches me as an editor with a known interest in the safety cause I re ceive this utterly simple sugges tion for solving the nations fu ture traffic safety problem Just continue the speed limit which has been imposed on our motor ing public by the war How I wish the problem were that simple of solution But it for a number of rea sons In the first place the assump tion that the wartime speed ceil ing has been 100 per cent success ful is sadly erroneous Allowing for the greatly curtailed total mileage number of highway acci dents suffered these past 4 years approaches amazingly close to the average of the prewar years BUT even if the reduced speed plan were the complete suc cess which many assume it tobe it wouldnt be the American way of doing things in normal times The American way is to speed slow down And theres not the slightest evidence on hand that this fundamental character istic in our people has been amended To the contrary the evidence is that the hurry up principle has been accentuated by the war The millions of line lads who have become accustomed to liv ing at 300 or 400 miles an hour and that sort of going to be a part of ouimotoring public in the years just ahead LETS not kid ourselves about this matter Lets be realistic Lets face the predictable truth Weve got to look forward to higher speeds not lower speeds For a time its going to be higher speeds in our present antiquated tMstwiilbe for a fewjmonths or a few years re mains to be seen And very frankly Im less con cerned about our youngsters com ing back from the war than I am about those on the homefront with reactions blunted and dulled by 4 or 5 years of slowdrivingr Our average age will be just that much or 5 physical alertness has a tendency to deteriorate with age Well not be as quick on the draw as we used to be Thats where the real problem will He Lets not deceive our selves into thinking that these adventure seeking lads fresh home from the wars will be our indeed our Sem on the highways The really f problem will be you and I ist ordinary guys to this time in this commen tary I seem to have taken a rather gloomy view of the future So I think Id better correct that impression The truth is that I am not down hearted at all Im not a defeat ist To the exact contrary I and I feel very the traffic problem not only can be Ibnt is GOING to be solved The solution will come from intelli T Kent action not from mere wish ful thinking To start with its going to be Necessary to recognize the nature and the scope of the problem con fronting us Those who glibly i think that solution lies in con tinuing the speed limitation just arent doing that Theyre reveal ing a pathetic disregard of the plain facts of American life npHE scope of the problem is made manifest to us when we consider that in the half century since the advent of the automo bile a considerably greater num ber of Americans have been killed on streets and highways i than in all our wars within that same period including the present conflict This statement in all probability will still be true when this war is ended Of course if you wanted to base the comparison on injuries rather than on death the margin on the side of motor vehicle ac cidents as against war would be even more pronounced In the field of traffic accidents there are roughly 36 injuries to each death in war the disparity isnt nearly that great All of this I mention by way of i convincing you that in emphasiz ing the vast importance of traffic forms of safety for that matter I am not unduly minimizing the importance of war My aspiration is for a world made secure against both the slaughter war and the slaughter of peace on our highways THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS u SfiOyPERFORTS HIT JAPAN ARGENTINE DELEGATES ARRIVETwo members of the Argentine delegation to the united nations conference are shown as they arrived in San Francisco to take their place as representatives of the 49th nation at the parley Ambassador to the U S Oscar Ibarra Garcia js at left Former Argentine ambassador to London Miguel Angel Carcano chairman of the delegation is at right In center is his daughter Stella Reds Western Powers Angle for Leadership San Francisco maneuvers for post war world leadership are developing at top speed behind the scenes of the united nations conference So far Russia is credited by her western allies with some major gains ajor gains The soviet union moving ly into a situation once dominated by AngloAmerican policies is regarded by AngloAmerican of iicials as seedingakleasK3 main objectives in her foreign policy f 1 Arrangements for her own by lining her stra tegic borders with governments BIoscow considers friendly in Poland Dor example and by laying down protective treaties as with France and Britain 2nd by helping develop and support the world security organization being planned here 2 Building up a case which will enable Moscow to bid for what it might call moral leadership of the world This follows the line of showing Russia as a champion of democratic rights and free doms and the western powers as defenders of conservatism In keeping with it was Foreign Com missar Molotovs fight against ad mitting Argentina to the confer ence his efforts to have the world trade union congress rep resented and his proposal that dependent peoples under trus teeship be promised eventual freedom 3 Prepare a firm basis for Rus sias maximum influence in the power politics of the future Rus sias proposal that the Big5 sit in as permanent members of a trusteeship conncil is seen as a move in this direction so is the soviet recommendation that the proposed world security council under Big5 control have the final word on seltins up military bases in international territories Russias moves here are studied intently by British and United States authorities because she is relatively new to the in ternational scene Only now are her postwar policies as a grea military political and geograph Support the 7th Buy War Bonds ical power andpotentially a large industrial power begin ning to take shape power rivalries witliout Sisriipt ing unity on peace organization that the conference has had its greatest success to date i Technically progress has been slow on converting the Dumbarton Oaks plan drawn up at Washing ton by the bigfour last fall into an actual charter far an organiza tion It could be even slower in the future due to the absence of so many lop diplomats even though delegates are finally hard at work in committees foreign Secretary Anthony Eden left for London Sunday flying by way of Wash ington Molotov had taken off 4 days earlier Foreign Minister Bidault of France may be the next to leave The British delegation is now captained by the Earl of Halifax ambassador to Washington Foreign Minister T C Soong of China has been in Washington but is expected back for most or all of the conference and Secre tary of State Stetimius likewise will see it through though he may have to go to Washington briefly Soongs movements once he does leave San Francisco were a sub ject of speculation in Chungking Sunday A dispatch from the Chi nese capital said he might visit Moscow to try to ascertain soviet intentions in eastern Asia The Chinese press has been urgii Russia to enfer the Pacific war Even though the problems of urging oth can be achieved but not wishful thinking not by things that are not true kidding ourselves into the accidents are some happen to the other to us Nothing good ntinucd on Page 2 A 7lh war loan message from Admiral W F Halsey Jr com mander of the 3rd fleet your fighting men are looking lor pood nevrs from the 1th war loan has been sub scribed They know how to trans late good news from home inlo bad news for the Jap Lei the srood neivs come power politics are traditionally European those of the Pacific are cropping up here more and more This is particularlytrue re spects to trusteeships The United States with an eye on future Pa cific bases in islands captured from Japan is opposing the soviet suggestion that the security coun cil would have to approve such developments A solution of the other big con ference to tie reg ional defense systems into a wortd much eJoser Big five conversations Saturday laiied to produce agreement on details It was recognized however that the PanAmerican system would have to be given power to act in emergency but that the authority of the world council would remain supreme Meat Slaughterers Meeting Monday Night Des Moines OPA officials will attend a meat slaughterers meet ing to be held in the Pine room at the Hotel Hanford Monday eve ning at according to E J Eg gert chief clerk of war price and rationing board 171 The purpose the meeting is to explain OPAs rules concerning class 1 2 and 3 slaughterers which are now affected by OPA Meat slaughterers were formerly under the war food administrations au thority OPA will now outline new rul ings and permits which directly affect all farm slaughterers EE gert said ALLIES INDICT HIMMLER FOR LIDICE MURDER Blame Gestapo Chief for Jewish Program Six Other Counts London united na tions war crimes commission has indicted Gestapo Chief Heinrich Himmler on charges of mass mur der in the notorious massacre of Lidice and the Jewish extermina tion program it was learned Mon day Ai least 5 allied eoveriiments have lodged charges of war crim inality against Himmler the be spectacled former school teacher who became nazidoms chief hane man The war crimes commission has indicted him it was revealed on at least 7 counts It ranked him No 1 on the list of nazis charged with the obliteration of Lidice in an orgy of revenge lor the assas sination of Reinhard Heydrich and with wholesale atrocities in nazi concentration camps The disclosure of the indict ments against Himmler came as he apparently played an elusive game of hide and seek with al that he intends to remain at the helm of the British government to fight for democracy The prime minister called for action to make certain that the united nations world organization does not become an idle name and placed Great Britain shoulder to shoulder with the United States in the war against Japan Britains war leader at the same time CASTIGATED THE IRISH GOVERNMENT OF EAMON DE VALERA for its failure to aid Britain while Germany ivas at tacking her He said Britain would been forced to conie to close Quarters with neutral Eire during the 1941 blockade except for the friendship of northern Ireland Churchills 35minute address to the empire broadcast worldwide lauded the immense superiority of the power used by the United States in the defeat of Germany and paid tribute to Gen Eisen howers leadership But he warned the British em lied authorities in northwestern Europe Reports that he had fallen into allied hands were denied One said he had been seen at the head quarters of the German high com mand under the wing of which he evidently was seeking sanctuary until the status of that body and Admiral Karl Doenitzs govern ment is decided The Russian ffovernment organ Izvestia demanded the immediate arrest trial and execution of Doenitz It reflected a soviet leel me of urgency that Doenitz Keichsmarshal Hermann Goerinr Got Gen NIkolaus Van t iials be dealt possible The same source which revealed that the war crimes commission had indicted Himmler said the Russians also had charged him with mass murder Great Britain Belgium France Czechoslovakia and the Nether lands have submitted to the com mission separate charges of war criminality against Himmler The multiple indictments against him specifically included mass murder and systematic o t h listed as war crimes by the Hague convention He was named both in his capacity of nazi interior minister and chief of the SS or elite guard Himmler topped the list of 120 nans and SS officials indicted for the wiping out of Lidice and the companion village of Lezaky in June 1942 Not a building was left standing in either village All the male inhabitants of Lidice were shot and the women and children were sent off to slavery The Czechoslovak government was believed certain to demand the death penally for Himmler His name also led the list of nazis charged by the British French Belgian Dutch and Czechoslovaks with concentration camp atroci ties The commission has chargei Himmler specifically with atro cities in the Jewish concentra tion camp at Tcrrazin where 142 000 Chechoslovakians of Jewish extraction were imprisoned before July 1943 Informants said 63000 were sent to extermination camps in Germany and Poland 15000 died of starvation and epidemics and the remainder were believed slain in a final mass slaughter of Jews in concentration camps late last year As SS leader only Himmler faces charges arising from the seizure and internment of several thousand Zzechoslovakia host ages in September 1939 That was aimed al preventing a sympathy uprising when theGermans marched into Poland He also faces separate charges of systematic terrorism through special courts set up in Czecho slovakia after his appointment as minister of interior Churchill Says Europe Is Still Danger Zone Bitterly Denounces De Valera Eire Compiled From Press Dispatches Minister Winston Churchill warned silent in the continent is STILL A DANGER ZONE In a radio address Churchill said Europe still the thrpit of totalitarian rule He mreat pire You must not weaken in any way On the continent of Europe we have yet to make sure that the simple and honorable purposes for which we entered the war are not brushed aside or overlooked in the months following our success and that the words freedom democra cy and liberation are not distorted from their true meaning as we have understood them There would be little use in punishing the Hitlerites for their crimes if law and justice did not rule and if totalitarian or police governments were to take the place jjf the German invaders But wemust make sure that those causes which we fought for find recognition at the peace table in facts as well as words and above all we must labor that the world organization which the united na tions are creating at San Fran cisco does not become an idle name does not become n shield for the strong and a mockery for the weak It is the victors who must search their hearts in their glow ins hours and be worthy by their nobility of the immense forces that they wield Churchill made no direct ref erence to an election to end Brit ains wartime coalition government but indicated he felt his work had not been completed He said how ever lie would step down with the best of grace if the people thought they had had enough of him He said We have received hor rible injuries from the Japanese and we are bound by the ties of honor and fraternal loyalty to the United States to fight this great war at the other end of the world at their side without flagging or failing Reviewing his 5 years as prime minister and head of the war cab inet Churchill said that during the dark dnys of 1941 when the Ger man blockade was so effective the only route into England was be tween northern Ireland and Scot land and added Owing to the action of Mr De Valera so much at variance with the temper md instinct of thou sands of southern Irishmen who hastened to the battlefront to prove their ancient valor the ap proaches which the southern Irish ports and airfields could so easily have guarded were closed by the hostile aircraft and Uboats This was indeed a deadly mo ment in our life and if it had not been for the loyalty and friendship of northern Ireland we should have been forced to come to close quarters with Mr De Valera or perish forever from the earth However with a restraint and poise to which I say history will find few parallels his majestys government never laid a violent hand upon them though at times it would have been quite easy and quite natural but left the De Va lera srovernmenl to frolic with the German and later with the Japa nese representatives to their hearts contenf He added though thai bitter ness by Britain for the Irish race dies in my heart when he thought of the valor of many Irish soldiers in fighting for the empire during the war Churchill said Australia New Zealand and Canada were and are all directly menaced by Japan They came to our aid in our dark times he concluded and we must not leave unfinished any task which concerned their safety you hard things at the beginning f oKthSgerlastr You did not shrmk and I should be unworthy of your confidence and generosity if I did not still cry Forward unflinching unswerv ing indomitable till the whole task is done and the uhole ivorid is safe and clean Churchill disclosed that by reel ing the German army back on its heels the allied armies saved Lon don from perhaps its worst blitz by a new nazi weapon last fall He said that in addition to fly ing bombs and rockets the Ger mans were preparing to launch bis attacks on the capital from mul tiple longrange artillery on the coasts of France and Holland Only just in time did the allied armies blast the viper in his nest the prime minister said Other wise the autumn of 1044 might well have seen London as shat tered as Berlin Churchill said in the same pe riod the Germans had prepared a new submarine fleet and novel tactics which might well have carried the anti Uboat warfare back to the high peak days of Whereabouts of Himmler Not Certain London whereabouts of Nazi Gestapo Chief Heinrich Himmler remained in doubt Mon day as unconfirmed reports that lie was in allied custody were fol lowed by equally unauthenticated assertions that he is still hiding out somewhere in Germany A dispatch from Paris said Sun day that an officer returned from the front had declared Himmler to be in aiiied custody after being held under house arrest by Grand Adm Karl Doenitz but supreme headquarters siid it had no con firmation of the rumor A BBC broadcast later said Himmler was at large but officers of the German high com mand have seen Himmler within the last few days and declared he was hiding nearby guarded by SS troops The alliedcontrolled Luxem bourg radio meanwhile said Nazi Reichsmarshal Hermann Goering now in allied hands would be tried for the destruction of the Czech town of Lidice and the mur der of its townspeople Associated Press Correspondent Howard Cowan cabled from Ger many that U S 7th army authori ties had uncovered evidence that Goering was one of the biggest thieves the ever has known Cowan said investigators had found correspondence between Goering and Alfred Rosenberg nazi minister of civil administra tion in eastern occupied areas ex plaining in detail how to loot mu INCREASE TIRE RATIONS 50 A Card Holders N6V Eligible Washington 50 per cent increase in passenger car tire ra tions for this month ivns an nounced Monday by the war pro duction board STRIKE NAGOYA WITH 500700 FIRE BOMBS Shower Destruction on 9 Square Miles of Industrial Sector Guam The biggest B29 armada of the war more than 500 3 500 tons of fire bombs over 9 square miles of Nagoya Monday in an attack even heavier than most of the air raids on Germany The Superforts were believed to have burned out more than twice the area destroyed in 2 lire raids made at night last March In a dayliffht attack he planes deluged Nagoya Japans main aircraft manufacturing center and 3rd largest city with more than 500750 firebombs Early reports indicated Ameri can losses were light Returning flyers said flames and smoke probably made it impossible for the Japanese ground batteries to go into action Carl Storrie Denton Tex said the attackers did a damn good job A couple more like that and we can scratch that town off the list he said Im sure the clusters of fire bombs more than covered the 9 square mile target area Lt Glen F Jensen Manning Iowa another of the pilots in the raid said that he could see col umns of flame and smoke all over the target He said the imperial castle of Magoya is located almost in the center of an area where he saw a great column of flame The raiders dropped their bombs at the rate of 40 tons a minute for nearly 90 minutes A Japanese communique admit ted fires still were burning 5 hoursalter the start of the rnid but insisted that been quelled It said 400 B29s par ticipated of which 8 had been shot down and 9 damaged Returning crew members re ported a 17000foot smoke col umn covered the area and that This will add 500000 tires to the jrlow from flames crackling the number to be distributed by Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Roosevelt Mournina o Period Ends Monday Washington nations month of mourning for Franklin D Roosevelt ends at sundown Monday Tuesday flags again will fly at full staff Mr Roosevelt died April 12 The mourning period was pro claimed by President Truman OPA At WPB it was stated that as newly increased manufacturing schedules go into effect tires will be released in increasing numbers The improvement in rations at iributed directly to the lowered military demand in the wake of victory in Europe will provide civilian motorists With 1500000 casings during the month of May This is 500000 more than the allocation for April The tire production schedule for rubber companies has been increased from 3200000 tires in the AprilMayJune quarter to 5200000 WPB said Production goals for the JulyAugustSep tember quarter will be announced upon completion of studies of manpower and materials Only B and C gasoline ra tion holders now are eligible to obtain new tires and even with Mondays increase it appears that I A drivers must wait for some WINDSORS ARRIVE New York Duke and Duchess of Windsor are in New York City for a months visit They arrived Sunday by train from Florida The Duke resigned March 15 as governor of the Bahama Islands DANE KING REOPENS back democracy to his native land King Christian of Denmark and Queen Alexandria are shown as they rode through the streets of Copenhagen amid cheering throngs on their way ta reopen the Danish parliament The nazis had planned to make Denmark a model protectorate but were actively opposed by patriots up to the day of German sur render to the allies time before goin list on the eligible The B and C1 drivers whose tires cannot be recapped must ob tain authorization for new tires through local ration boards Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy to cloudy Monday night and Tues day Cooler Monday night Somewhat warmer Tuesday aft ernoon Lowest temperature partly cloudy and Tuesday near freezing Iowa Cloudy to Monday niiht bhowers in east portion early Monday night Cooler Monday nightTemperature near freez ing north portion Somewhat warmer Tuesday afternoon north and cloudy south portions Monday partly cloudy T u c s cl a y becomin cloudy with scattered showers west portion in late ifternoon or early evening Slightly cooler south portion Monday Freezing temperatures north and central Warmer west portion Tuesday afternoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statistics Maximum Saturday 55 Minimum Saturday 36 Maximum Sunday 56 Minimum Sunday 35 At 8 a m Monday 36 YEAR AGO Maximum 74 Minimum 49 through the heart of the city was visible GO mites at sea They said there was no fighter opposition and only meager antiaircraft fire The attack exceeded in weight most raids made by the American Bth air force and RAF against Germany It underlined official warnings that Japan faced ever greater destruction than the shat tered reich unless she surrendered Radio Tokyo said another huge American air armada of nearly 1000 carrier planes was raiding southern Japan for the 2nd straight day apparently concen trating on bases from which Japa nese suicide planes have been at tacking American shipping off Okinawa On southern Okinawa U S marines were slugging it out with desperate Japanese in the north ern outskirts of the capital city of Naha in a battle as bloody as any on Iivo One marine company lost 50 per cent of its strength in the past 2 days Other Japanese attempted to land behind American lines 5 miles northwest of Naha andwere wiped out to the last man A Tokyo broadcast said 100000 American troops have been landed on Okinawa Air bases on the island were being expanded to handle 200 American aircraft the broadcast said The B19 raid on Nagoya 165 miles west of Tokyo on the main Japanese home island of Honshu marked a renewal of the raids in which Superfortresses burned out 5368 square miles of Tokyo Yokohama Nagoya Osaka Kobe and Kawasaki in March and April More than 32 square miles of Tokyo were burned out in 3 at tncks and 536 stniarc miles ot Xagoya in 2 raids during the ear lier offensive Mondays mighty armada con centrated on 9 square miles of northern Nagoya an area crowded with flimsy homes numerous shadow factories and the huge Mitsubishi Electric Works and Chigusa plant of the Nagoya ar senal B29s from Guam Tinian and Saipan rendezvoud near Iwo for the attack and thundered north in columns of II planes to a squad ron without fighter escort The vanguard hit Nagoya at a m Tokyo time from me dium altitude and the parade of destruction continued uninter rupted with methodical precision for nearly 90 minutes Each squadron dropped its entire bomb load in one minute It was an al fire bomb raid Each Superfortress carried about 7 tons of the army air forces deadly new M69 fire bombs which spray flaming gasoline jel ly over a radius of 30 yards They are dropped in clusters of 38 Olhcr Tokyo broadcasts said 900 allied carrier plants and a minor
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