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Mason City Globe Gazette Newspaper Archive: May 12, 1945 - Page 1

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Publication: Mason City Globe Gazette

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   Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 12, 1945, Mason City, Iowa                                NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME INSIDE WASHINGTON Foresee Congress Demands to End Prisoner Pampering Central Press Capital Staff of the star vation and inhuman treatment of allied prisoners by the Germans have aroused strong demands in congress that pampering of German prisoners by the United States be stopped This sentiment is increasing each fresh report of savage bru tality by the nazis against allied prisoners of war and to a certain it may result in policy changes tu the treatment of Ger man prisoners particularly where complaints ef pampering may appear to be wellfounded Nevertheless there is no expec tation that the United States will exact any kind of retaliation against German prisoners lor the maltreatment ol Americans by the nazis This it is clear in tends to abide by the civilized warfare rules of the Geneva con vention German prisoners there fore will be fed adequately They will not be tortured by star vation or by any other means Every effort will be made how ever to capture and punish those responsible for German atrocities 5 tf The Huge American Food Sup ply will be quite a stack ol poker chips when the peacemakeis gath er around the table to settle the economic and political future of Europe But some Washington officials are apprehensive about the size of the stack They are mindful of President Roosevelts comment that food will win the war and win the peace They are conscious too that American food production will be an estimated 5 to 10 per cent low er in 1945 than in 1944 Moreover the world output will drop while foreign needs are increasing daily Whether the United States can hold its advantage as a tough bar gaining point when peace terms are discussed is what worries some Washington officials a o OPA Officials Have Completed their reconversion pricing program and submitted it to Economic Stabilizer William H Davis The agency plans to set prices on articles coming back Into pro duction to approximately the same level existing before the optpnt Vfzs halted by war production re quirements Officials of the price control or ganization say it is necessary to establish ceilings on new goods and maintain them during the initial phases of reconversion to prevent prices from skyrocketing The OPA program is understood to cover new products and manu facturers entering into new lines as well as firms going back into old lines Biggest headache is to fix ceilings on new products where there is no past record of costs and prices Congress Faces one of the most bitter legislative battles in its his tory when the Norton bill banning discrimination in employment comes up for consideration in the house It seems certain to array demo crat against democrat and repub lican against republican in the wildest outpouring of oratory con gress has witnessed in decades Rep Mary Norton D of New Jersey plans to call her bill up for a vote May 14 HeD on Wheels Division May Share in Token Occupation of Berlin With the Ninth Army in Ger many here Sat urday were that at least one American division will participate in a token occupation probably the crack second arm ored Hell on Wheels division veterans of Tunisia Sicily and the European campaign It is com manded by Maj Gen I D White of Des Moines Iowa A selected squad of war cc respondents probably will accom pany the token force MASOM CITY 1QWA SATURDAY MAY 12 1945 Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy Satur day night and Sunday Some what cooler Saturday night with scattered frost rising tempera tures Sunday Iowa Partly cloudy Saturday night and Sunday Somewhat cooler Saturday night scattered frost in north portion warmer Sunday Minnesota Cloudy Saturday night with light rain north por tion Partly cloudy Sunday Cooler southeast portion Satur day night Warmer Sunday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statistics Maximum Friday 52 Minimum Friday 42 At 8 a m Saturday 44 HEAVY FIGHTING ON OKINAWA BEGIN SHIFT OF TROOPS TO PACIFIC AREA Wont Move Troops Who Served Both in North Africa Europe Paris U S armys vast redeployment plan to shift fighting men from Europe to the Pacific began operation Saturday following an announcement by Gen Eisenhower that combat troops who served both in North Africa and Europe would not have to fight in the Japanese theater We must be sure Gen Eisen hower wrote to generals of his command that no soldier is sent to the Pacific who has fought in both North Africa and Europe It may be that some soldiers in this category will not have suffi cient points to be eligible for dis charge However these men should be retained in the European theater for occupation as they should not be required to fight an other campaign Uppermost factor in the opera tion of the redeployment plan said Lt Gen Lucius D Clay dep uty military governor of the U S group control council was the problem of applying overwhelm ing force to bring the war against Japan to a Quick end Troops which have amassed suf ficient points based 011 service de pendents and decorations will be discharged When the scores are tabulated they will be sent to the war department which will de termine what score will be low enough to permit the release of 2000000 men while retaining the 6968000 necessary to fight Japan and occupy Germany Among the foremost factors in volved are the immediate training ot troths now in Germany and France in Japanese tactics and the matter of leave and accommoda tions for troops awaiting reassign ment or discharge Some American service troops already were moving toward French ports for the beginning of the long journey to the Pacific area Combat troops will begin moving in about 6 months It will be 45 days before the army knows the names of the men who will be sent home under the Point system Gen Eisenhowers letter said when the bell fines we must be prepared to release the high point men in each combat di vision who are eligible for dis charge even though it results in an immediate reduction of divi sional strength below the author ized figures He added that we must not follow blueprint designs rigidly but must apply the established policies with human understand ing Gen Clay said American troops who will go to the Pacific will be trained in Japanese tactics while still in France and Germany under a senior experienced battle gen eral who is already in the Euro pean theater but whose name can not be revealed Japanese equip ment will be brought to the the Precipitation YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Precipitation inches 79 60 02 ater for the 8wook training pro gram Allied headquarters in Rome es timated that possibly 11000 Amer ican soldiers would be returned from the Mediterranean theater fnis month and if shipping facil ities are adequate 15000 more follow in June and the same num ber in July WACs in the European theater with a total of 44 points will be returned to the United States as soon as the theater quota of 10800 is filled and adequate replace ments are available communica tions zone headquarters said WACs whose soldier husbands have been returned to the United States for discharge will be able to apply for immediate release Headquarters also announced that leave accommodations for American troops awaiting reas signment under redeployment will be stepped up from 28000 to 175 000 and that leave centers in Paris Britain Brussels and the French Riviera were being prepared for the anticipated rush REPOOTYANKS TAKE HIMMLER By UNITED PRESS CBS Correspondent Charles Col lingwood said in a broadcast from Paris Saturday that Gestapo Chief Heinrich Himmler is now report ed to be in our hands In the broadcast Collingwood said Himmler is understood to held under arrest in the Flensburg area by Admiral Karl Doenitz who is now believed to have turned him over to British forces in that area ARMIBS FROM EUROPE TO ASIA IS HUGE Announcement by Lt Gen McNarney that the al hes have begun shipping veteran combat and service troops to the war against Japan puts emphasis on the titanic mov ing job ahead The above map shows the routes that will be used and the inset indicates the equipment pvoblem in COMPROMISE ON REGION SYSTEMS Will Recognize Right of Separate Treaties San Francisco The United States delegation was reported volved in moving a single division Some will be moved through the Panama canala 14000mile voyage others will go by the Suez route opened by the capture of Ran goon still others will travel by way of the United States and enjoy a 30day furlough before moving to the Pacific and into combat again Saturday weekold to have broken deadlock over how fit regional security systems into a world peace organization The solution although tentative is seen here as another long step in speeding the united nations se curity conference toward a suc cessful conclusion It is based on recognizing In a united nations charter the right of all countries to make treaties for their own defense Under such treaties nations could give each other emergency assistance against an aggressor but then the projected world security council would be empowered to take con trol of the situation Officials said this plan should allay the fears small nations that the council might not give them quick enough protection in an emergency And they felt it would not weaken the overall au thority of the world agency to handle situations endangering peace Secretary of State Stettinius discussed the compromise Ameri can plan with Foreign Secretary Eden Friday night in an effort to begin obtaining a big power agreement along the same line Stettinius reports back to a dele gation meeting Saturday at which final U S accord on the formula is slated The reaction of Latin American leaders battling here for an inde pendent security system in this hemisphere remains to be deter mined but united nations leaders were hopeful the selfdefense the ory would meet heir approval The EdenStettinJus talk also is understood to have covered a general review of conference work to date and problems ahead Conklin Killed in Action in Pacific Theater Operations Was Osco Employe at Time of Joining Navy in July 1942 Edens imminent London There preliminary to departure for were reports he would flv by way of Washington stopping off there long enough lo call on President Truman One of the still unsolved prob lems is that of providing inter national supervision for trustee ship governments of lands taken from enemy countries in the 2 world wars Britain and the Unit ed States are near agreement on the United States contention that areas suitable for military base development should be given into exclusive control of the govern ments which operate the bases On the same problem Russia in an amendment submitted to the nisteeshin commillee of he con ference sided entirely with the United States Russia also went almiff with an American proposal that a special councilshould be established in the proposed nett peace Icasrue lo head up the trusteeship system Russia said the council should include the bigfive powers as permanent members which would give it about 18 or 20 member nations in comparison with the 13 to 15 members previously contem powerful position plated A more seemed to be in prospect for the leagues proposed economic and social council A conference com mittee studying plans for thai apency voted unanimously Friday niffht that it would rank next to the powerful security council in order to emphasize the importance of promotins economic social educational and similar activities on a worldwide scale as essen tials of a las tine peace Buy your Bonds and Stamps your GlobeGazette carrier boy Willis Lloyd Conklin phar macists mate 1ms been killed in action in the Pacific theater according to a message received here His wife and daughter live at 1224 Washington N W He is the son of Mrs L F Densoti 904 I Oth N E No details about his death were given in the message PhM Conklin had been serving with the amphibious forces in the Pacific since last November after a 21 delay in orders spent here Previ ous to that time he had served a year in the European theater PhM Conklin was employed at the Osco Sell Service drug com pany here at the time of enlisting in the navy in July 1942 In the European theater he had been in Scotland and England and had seen active service in the Medi terranean area WILLIS L CONKLIN Mate QUISLING MUST GO ON TRIAL Find Josef Terboven Committed Suicide Oslo umA police physician said Saturday that Maj Vidkun Quisling ousted puppet premier of Norway was mentally de ranged but not sufficiently so to escape trial for his life for treason The doctor who examined Quis ling in jail Friday withheld full details of his findings for court which will try him the charges of high treason assisting the enemy and ordering the un lawful execution of Norwegian citizens Quisling was believed suffering from megalomania Ever since his arrest he has complained con stantly of insufficient considera tion of his high rank and his services to Norway He still con siders himself the leader and president of Norway A post mortem on an arm found at Retehscommissioner Josef Ter at Skaugum bovens residence tended to confirm that Terboven had committed suicide He was re ported to have blown himself to bits with dynamite Will Indict Goering on 8 Counts London member of the united nations war crimes com mission said Saturday that Her mann Goering has been indicted on at least 8 separate counts and we have an airtight case Jike to Prosecute him myself a commission member said m revealing that the evidence already compiled against Goerine as a war criminal filled several volumes All but one of the counts against cleanly the rolypoly reichsmarshal now in custody of the U S 7th army m Bavaria arise from his alleged responsibility as a minister of the reich for the criminal policies nid down by the German government The remaining indictment charges Goering with specific re sponsibility for the forced labor and slavery programs in Ger many which violated the articles oC the Hague convenfion Adolf Hitler named Goerinr commissioner for he 4 year eco nomic plan under which the reich enslaved civilians of occupied ter rHories and forced them to work on German defenses and in Ger man war plants without pay and v ill I 1 The arm was said to have marks frequently in conditions that of an old fracture which Torboven J suffered in an airplane accident several years ago close affiliates of were reported to Quisling also have committed suicide German Gestapo Chief ended his life at Porsgrunn south west of Osio by taking poison and then shooting himself Quislings Minister of Justice Risnaes in surrendering to the Norwegian home front reported that the chief of the Norwegian SS security police Hendrifc Rog stad and Quislings police minis ter Jonas Lie committed suicide at the Skaugum estate Risnaes who will be tried with other Quisling followers was said to be in a state of complete nerv ous collapse The Skaugum estate belongs to Norwegian Crown Prince Olaf but had been confiscated by Ter boven when the nazis occupied the country wholesale death and dis ease Documents outlining and im plementing the 4 year plan are in ie hands of the war crimes com DIETRICH TAKEN New York pjA British broad cast heard by CBS Saturday said U S third army troops near Linz have caught the notorious com mander of the sixth S3 panzer army Col Gen Sepp Dietrich I mission Indicted with Goering are js 3 men who assisted him in admin istering the program They are Propaganda Minister Joseph Goeb bels plenipotentiary far the total war effort R Walther Darro one ume minister of agriculture Fritz Sauckel manpower director GoerinR was among the first of the lop nazis to be indicted by the commission Hjs name was placed before it by both Czechoslovakia and Poland The charges were in vestigated and documented by a committee of the commission which then recommended their approval by the full a step which was taken last No vember Coincident with the disclosure of the airtight case against Goerinff a British foreign office spokesman said Admiral Karl Doenitz js under investigation for alleged Uboit atrocities The British press associations diplomatic correspondent said there was no doubt that it was Doeniiz gave the order to his Uboat crews that they should take no prisoners of war REDS PURSUE FLEEING NAZIS Race for American Lines in Slovakia London W Soviet armored forces slashed Saturday at nazi troops offering bitter resistance in Czechoslovakia as they attempted to flee westward through a rap idly narrowing corridor toward the American lines Other Russian troops had forced the surrender of the major portion of diehard enemy units in north ern Austria and had effected 3 new junctures with the Ameri cans in the holdout area Inside Berlin the Russians were meeting the same kind of futile but savageresistance Scores of fires were being set nightly in the shattered capital as soviet sol diers extricated the bodies of hun dreds of civilians from subways flooded in lastact nazi terrorism In Norway where approximate ly 400000 nazi troops the entire German occupation force were reported completing their with drawal and awaiting return to Germany Vidkun Quislings po lice chief and police minister were reported to have killed themselves rather than face capture by pa tVtfltfi 1 In t triots Quisling remained Oslo cell in his Gen Nichtlaus von Falkenhorst who had commanded nazi forces until last December told bis American 7th army cap tors that his fatherland had fought the most insane war in history The soviet high command an nounced that the Russians had seized 560000 prisoners along the former eastern front Wednesday through Friday including 45 Ger man generals Linkup with the Americans in Czechoslovakia was a e c o m plished by Marshal Ivan S Kon evs 1st Ukrainian army near Rokycnny 9 miles east of Pilsen and by Marshal Rodion Malinov skys 2nd Ukrainian army below Prague in the area northwest of Ceske Budejovice Malinovskys troops occupied Gemuend and Zwettl in Austria near the AuslroBohemian fron tier 45 miles northeast of Linz and in this same area made the 3rd juncture with the Americans Malinovsky forced the major part of Col Gen JVoehlers Ger man army group to surrender in northern Austria This group was fighting under the overall com mand of Field Marshal Ferdinand Schoerners middle army group against which the Russians threw powerful armored and storm forces The corridor through which thousands of nazi troops north and northeast of Prague were trying to withdraw toward the American lines was narrowed by Gen An drei I Yeremenkos 4th Ukrainian army His troops closed the corri dor to 32 miles with the capture of Kolin Kutnahora and Tabor Sverre Riisness Quislings min ister of justice said Jonas Lie and Henrik Rogslad police min ister and police chief respectively for Quisling committed suicide in a bunker outside Oslo where they had barricaded themselves against patriot forces since Norways lib eration day Riisness surrendered to patriot forces Slash Last Jap Defense on Mindanao Manila last Japanese defenders ot Mindanao island were ripped into hopeless small pockets Saturday after a new as sault landing in the north Fortieth division troops who waded ashore on the beaches of Macajalar bay drove 4 miles in land without opposition to within 47 airline miles of 31st division troops advancing from the south to bisect the island Gen Douglas MacArthur an nounced Throughout Mondanao the en emys garrisons are now divided and isolated from each other and from all outside sources The new landing the 3rd Amer ican troops have made on Min danao caught the Japanese de fenders of Bukidnon province by surprise as they were trying to battle off the 3Ist division driving northward along highway No 3 The 31st had reached the village of Maramag The 40ths landing troops also had reached a junction of high way No 3 at Alae after their 4 mile gain inland It also was disclosed that Fili pino guerrilla forces had stormed ashore 2 weeks ago on Butuan bay after a PT boat bombard ment of Japanese defenses The guerrillas now were battling enemy garrisons in the Agusan valley to the east of the new American landing They previous ly had cleared Surgao province still farther east In the southeast the 24th divi sion continued to make progress along the coast at Davao City and crossed the Talmo river but they reported strong Japanese resist ance On Luzon only 4 miles separ ated columns converging on the vital Ipp dam from north and south Filipino guerrillas captured the high ground overlooking the Angat river and drove within 3600 yards of the dam source of Manilas water supply Gains also continued oil oilrich Tarakan island off the coast of Borneo where Australian troops gained 2 miles to within ly miles of Karoengan near the southern tip of the island Truman Greets Mother on First Trip to Capital Washington UP President Truman reduced his officiil sched ule Saturday to visit with his mother on her first trip lo Wash ington The presidents 32yearold mother flew from Grand View Mo to Washington Friday to spend Mothers Day in the white house with her son It was her first flighl as well as her first trip to Washington anj she enjoyed it She was beaming when she stepped from the plane at Wash ington national airport and saw the assembled reporters and pho tographers Oh fiddlesticks she told the president If I had known this I wouldnt have come She was met by the president and his daughter Margaret It was their first reunion since he became president a month ago MANPOWER Eugene Ore teen aged girls enviously eyed passing student couples in this University of Oregon town Ill be glad when were freshmen in college sighed one then maybe we can start going out with those high school seniors Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy APPROVE PACT London presidium of the supreme council of the soviet has approved Russias mutual aid pact with the Lublin provisional Polish government Radio Moscow reported Saturday MARINES STORM OUTSKIRTS OF CAPITAL CITY Push Through Lines in Offensive to Crush Last Guam UR American ma rines and soldiers attacking along a 5mile buttle line across south ern Okinawa advanced slowly through the outer defenses of Naha Yonabaiu and Shuri Satur day in the fiercest fighting of the U weeks old campaign Behind lamethrowing tanks the 6th division outskirts of Naha marines of stormed he Okinawas ruined capital They fought handtohand combat with Japanese Both marines and soldiers ad vanced through heavy Japanese mortar and sniper fire in the gen eral offensive to crush the islands last 45000 defenders Front dispatches described whole hillsides blazing like burning haystacks in the path of the flamethrowing tanks Behind the tanks came infantrymen The Japanese were fighting back from their pillboxes and caves They used grenades auto matic weapons and flamethrow ers in an attempt to stem the American offensive which started at 7 a m Friday The fighting was restricted largely to numerous local action Uie leathernecks and soldiers bat tled ud welldefended slopes in tlie face of heavy fire to capture many ridges and hills protecting the approaches lo the enemys NahaShuriHonabaru defense line The first marine division seized the inland village Dakeshi northeast of Naha The 77th army division deeper inland won high ground overlooking Shuri second largest town on Okinawa a costlyadvance of several hundred yards On Hie east coast the 96th di vision fought closer to Conical hill key Japanese defense position shielding the port of Yonabaru The sixth marine division chalked up the days biggest gain t riday with an advance to within 200 yards of Naha on the west coast Striking south from the Asa river estuary the marines fought 800 yards uphill Naha itself was a smoking ruin flattened by concentrated naval and air bombardment Its streets appeared deserted though its last known population was more than 60000 The 10th armys general offen sive was launched at 7 a m Fri day after a terrific naval air and artillery bombardment The previous night Japanese troops attempted largescale in filtration of the American lines All who penetrated the lines were killed A communique an nounced that an additional 612 Japanese bodies had been count ed boosting the total number of Japanese killed in the Okinawa campaign to 39469 No new figures were announced for American ground casualties but Adm Chester W Nlmitz re ported an additional 130Z naval casualties for the past week That brought the toll of the Okinawa operation and related actions against Japan to 6853 of ficers and men of the killed 2072 wounded missing and 3498 NUNS VOTE IN FRENCH ELECTIONFor the first time in the political history of France women are permitted to vote Two nuns are seen casting their ballot at one of the distncts during the recent election when some 600000 municipal councillors were elected throujth out France Some 14000000 women exercised the right to vote The men voters numbered 9000 000   

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