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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 4, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL U Associated Pita jad United Press Full tsaied wires THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AU NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS Five Cents a Copy MASON crry IOWA FBIDAY MAY 41945 This Paper Consists Two NO 178 DANES LIBERATED Germgn in Holland Denmark Surrender to Allies INSIDE San Francisco EDITORS is the 5th in a series of articles about the Sail Francisco world security con ference written specially for the GlobeGazette by the Kev John D Clinton of the First Methodist church of Iowa Falls By JOHN D CLINTON San W Seeing minister for foreign affairs in China didnt quite say it that way that Thursday afternoon as the delegates started to express them selves but his nation after 14 years of all that war means was happy to get around the confer ence tables The Right Honorable Anthony Eden brought the conference to one of the high spots with his call to Begin Now and the table had boosters by the dozen It all started in the forenoon when the first steering committee of dele gation heads met starting at and holding until 2 oclock without a break which was some strenu ous first day The Molotov bodyguard was on the job from on forthey knew their chief had been good enough to stage a press conference for the news men of the world at The Colonial room at the St Francis hotel was the seat this interesting gathering I sat in the side balcony directly on the speak ers right Crouched before him were at least 15 camera men bob bing up in his face at a minutes notice His young interpreter did a goofl job The Poland question was tired and tired again And in came the table not the tank Said Uie worthy commissar from Russia We will not decide the affairs of Poland without the Pole I am anxiousto have Poland represent ed here this session And amid the cheers a man iu uniform in the opposite gallery sat a little stralghter I had talked to him in the press room as we awaited cre dentials Things are rather bad he said at that time He sat by his table now the straighten I had talked to an Australian on the edge the crowd His boat had just docked It will be filled with airplanes He had been on the way with many stops for 6 months He said We just have to have something that works out of this conference Tom Boston drifted by a natty colored navy man back to the coast for reas signment His home was North i Carolina The ribbon he wore was i the new red one for Luzon He had just been one hour in the ocean r before being picked up and sent home He was strong for tables not tanks So goes opinion on the plat form and on the street Like asky line at night fall more lights are comlny on as people sitting around their tables add the dots on the skyline that make for splendor collectively Thursdays confer ence dots were of such caliber as mentioned from Russia China Australia and North Carolina and England Hows your light coming Tables can be abused like that restaurant at one station stop where I egg was 15c Im going to whisper that to some hen in Iowa that needs encouragementIt is the hope that the tables at San Fran cisco can be a council assembled for a thankful not tankful world Sister Kenny to Continue Work in U S Washington Eliza beth Kenny Australian nurse who developed a method of treatment for infantile paralysis indicated Friday that she plans to continue her work in this country The nurse in Washington on personal business said Thurs day that she woud remain in the United States and work at the Minneapolis institute which bears her name In Washington she said she was occupied among other things with extending her permit to remain in this country and arranging for a visit to England in the summer Dr Walter H Judd R Minn entertained the nurse and mem bers of the Minnesota congression al delegation at a luncheon in the house restaurant Thursday CHURCHILL HOME London 10 Downing street said Friday that Prime Minister Churchill was in London and that there was nothing to all these rumors that he had left for Germany Rumors Report Peace Dealings Under Way both north and south Friday as Holland and Denmark capitulated and the Swedish newspaper Aftontidningen said in an un confirmed report that surrender negotiations were believed underway near the Danish border The Swedish newspaper said it was believed Grand Adm Doenitz new German fuehrer and Marshal Montgomery al lied commander of the army group were confeiring at Flensburg Although reports by way of Sweden said the British had crossed the Danish frontier at numerous points meeting slight resistance a dispatch from Kaj Schou Associated Press corre spondent in Copenhagen which was telephoned to Stockholm at 11 a m Friday 4 a m Central War Time said all were at least premature A later dispatch from Schou at p m a m CWT mentioned no crossings of the frontier by the British Doenitz had conferred with top nazi officials in both Norway and Denmark the broadcast said and given them personal orders for the future It added Our troops have been compressed into a small area and to spare further bloodshed and high command destruction has taken the ap propriate measures A Swiss report said Gauleiter Karl Hermann Frank of the pro tectorate of Bohemia and Moravia had been ordered by the new Ger man foreign minister Count Lud wig Schwerm von Korisgk to re linquish his post because the pro no was a part of the German reich and not in eluded in the German defense zone Thursday night nazi production minister Albert Spear had frank ly stated to the Germans in a broadcast that the German nation is defeated German divisions were sur rendering en masse up and down the European front Norwegian nazi leaders includ ing Josef Terboven reichcom missar and Adm Fritz Boehm German commander in Nornay were said to be participating in the Denmark surrender confer ence There were reports also of Ger man soldiers and sailors mutiny ing in Denmark Front dispatches said German troops in the north were surren deringfo British and American forces by the tens and even hun dreds of thousands Nearly as large groups were captured in the south where Field Marshal Ewald von Kleist commander of Ger man army group A surrendered to the 3rd army Salzburg largest city in the southern redoubt surrendered un conditionally at a m Friday to Maj James Buzz McCarthy commander of the 12Ist cavalry squadron group of the 106th cavalry BRITISH PREPAREDNESS London tip on VE day It was learned that Londons beer retailers have been advised their special VEday stocks will be distributed in time for this week end instead of sometime next week Boy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair Friday through Saturday forenoon with gentle to occasional moderate winds Not quite so cool Friday night with increasing cloudiness and warmer Saturday afternoon Iowa Fair Friday through Satur day Cooler east and central portions Friday night with scat tered light frost central portion Warmer east portion Saturday afternoon Minnesota Fair Friday night and Saturday Freezing temperature northeast and light frost south east portion Friday Warmer Saturday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statistics Maximum Thursday 58 Minimum Thursday 35 At 8 a m Friday 41 YEAR AGO Maximum g2 Minimum JQ PreciJSiration 45 drive from Imphal by troops ALLIES READY FOR NEW BLOWS THROUGH ASIA Rangoon Falls as British Break 2 Year Jap Hold on Burma Calcutta UR Allied forces completing the capture of the Burmese capital of Rangoon were poised Friday for new strikes east ward in the campaign to clear the Japanese from all of southeast Asia looming ahead for Admiral Louis Mountbattens formi dable land sea and air forces in the southeast Asia command were Malay Thailand and IndoChina Rangoon with a prewar popu of 400000 ifell quickly Thursday forcesdrove into the city after a 3way assault by ground troops amphibious forces Capture of the city broke a 2 year Japanese hold on Burma and marked the end of a long overland J the Indian city of British 14th army While Burma nas not entirely cleared allied officials viewed the remaining operations as mopping HP of isolated Japanese pockets northeast and northwest of Ran goon One Japanese force was cut off along the western shore of Burma with the capture of Prome on the east bank of the Irrawaddy some 175 miles north of Rangoon Front reports said enemy troops in this pocket were without supplies and disintegrating rapidly A genera Chinese counteroffcn sive to rout a 4pronged threat to the TJ S Chihkiang airbase threw Japanese armies into reverse on every front Friday Japanese reverses were so wide spread that the monthold cabinet of Premier Baron Adm Kantaro Suzuki was subjected to the same type of crticism by Tokyo news Papers that preceded the downfall of previous Nipponese war jov ernmenfs One city was recaptured and 3000 Nipponese killed in the ini tial thrust by Chinese including Americanequipped airborne troops Japanese had driven to within 70 miles of the U S I4th air force base 250 miles southeast of Chungking Only minor sains were reported against the heavily fortified Naha line in the Okinawa operation which has cost American forces 169B4 casualties including 2978 dead This compares with approxi mately 21000 Japanese killed in Okinawa and U S casualties ot 199og in Iwo Jima including 1189 dead American losses were boosted by a new announcement of naval casualties for 6 in cluding 1131 killed 1604 missing 2816 wounded This does not in clude casualties on 2 light naval units sunk and others damaged in a combined attack Thursday night by suicide planes and boats and highflying bombers Japanese broadcasts said a cruiser destroyer and minesweeper were sunk and another cruiser damaged Fifty to 100 Supcrforts struck the 2nd neutralliing blow in 2 days Friday morning against southern Japanese bases for these attacks Strong U S 24th infantry divi sion patrols entered Davao city in the southern Philippines and found it apparently virtually de serted by Japanese troops and its prewar colony of 17000 Nippo nese civilians Two airfields coastal rruns and ammunition dumps were taken by the 24th in its so far lightly op posed advance SOVIET TROOPS MOVE THROUGH BERLINCaption on this Russian photo are soviet troops on Frankfurter Allee in Berlin AP wirephoto these Big 4 Hears Agreement on Major Amendments to Dumbarton Oaks Proposal San Francisco Big4 were reported near agreement Fri day on major changes in the Dumbarton Oaks plan for a world or designed to keep peace officials of the46 united nations in conference here Hsa long step toward preventing deadlocks even after Foreign Commissar Molotov sets out for Moscow as he is now ex pected to do next week Secretary of State has told friends he is extremely pleased with the progress made thus far in his talks about amend ing the Dumbarton Oaks charter with Molotov Foreign Secretary Eden of Britain and Foreign Min ister Soong of China There was no evidence that the BiR4 intend to favor any amend ments which would alter the basic Dumbarton Oaks idea of concen trating in a security council au thority to use armed forces to smack down troublemaking na tions of the future But thereare signs that the council may be permitted to rec ognize regional defense pacts which automatically would pro duce help ior an attacked nation while the council was going through the process of deciding on longerrange measures Stettinius held Thursday night the latest of a series of confer ences with Molotov Eden and Soong going over amendments which the Big 4 have in most of them believed to have been put forward by Britain and the United States One official said fhat very en couraging progress had been made and another meeting would be held Friday Three members of the senate naval Byrd Eastland DMiss and Tobey RN with Senator Capehart pre sented personally at the meeting their proposals for a trusteeship system which would allow the United States to retain control ot strategic islands in the Pacific Earlier Commander Harold E Stassen of the United States dele gation met with representatives of the British French Chinese and Russian delegations to seek a formula on territorial trustee ships He said afterward there may be agreement this weekend This is one of the big gaps left in the plan worked out at Dum barton Oaks last fall Chief American interest focused on find ing a way allow this country to retain control of military bases built or to be developed on Pa cific islands won from Japan with American lives Parallelling the 9 American ob jectives announced by Stassen Thursday for changes in the Dum barton Oaks plan the British were reported to have these 6 objectives in mind for amendments 1 A preamble to the Dumbarton Oaks charter to set forth the high moral purposes and endorsement of human rights to which the world organization would be com mitted For this the British favor a statement proposed by Prime Minister Jan Christian Smuts of Sonth Africa 2 A provision fo make certain that the organization has enough flexibility to handle any trouble some international s i t u a t i o ns which arise The United States proposal to give it specific power to review treaties probably will serve the British purpose 3 A provision to allow scope for regional action to maintain peace without impairing the prestige of the security council or weakening the Dumbarton Oaks principle that the security of all nations can best be maintained on a worldwide rather than a regional basis 4 Elevation of the social and economic council to have equal importance with the security council Under the Dumbarton Oaks plan the economic council is subordinate to the general as sembly ot nations the security council outranks the assembly 5 A provision allowing a world organization once it is set up to work out some rules whereby the socalled middle i k c Australia Canada and Brazil would be assured of places on the security council in recognition of their military prestige 6 A system of trusteeships for dependent territories which are considered international respon sibilities The 9 points of change which the United States proposed for the world organization charter cover guarantees of justice conduct within international law develop ment of human rights peaceful changes in world conditions trus teeships amending the charter it self as experience indicates a modernized world court inclusion in the charter of Atlantic charter provisions and a declaration of cultural objectives Chinas amendments previously approved by the big powers deal chiefly with promoting cultural developments which would con tribute to the growth of peace The Russian delegation has maintained silence on changes it favors Prior to the conference Russian publications made it plain that the soviet delegation would favor let ting the Dumbarton Oaks plan re main unchanged But Molotov told a press conference here that there would be no point in having this meeting if there were to be no amendments Italians Demanding O Return of Trieste in Rome Demonstration Kome UPUTwenty thousand Italians paraded through the Pi azza Venezia Friday demanding the return of Trieste to Italy after Yugoslav Marshal Tito challenged allied occupation of the port Fighting broke out between stu dents and communists in front of the tomb of the unknown soldier The communists who are consid ered here to favor Yugoslav con trol of Trieste were coming down the steps of the tomb when they were set upon by students JOLT HOPES FOR GUT IN DRAFT Marshall Expects Increased Shortage Washington Congressional in ductions immediately after VE day received a severe jolt Friday from Gen George C Marshall Not only will the army be un able to meet replacement demands lor May and June under the pres ent program the chief of staff told Chairman May D Ky of the house military committee but the current shortage is expected to be increased by some 50000 men over the next 3 months Many congressmen have felt that as soon as Germany falls army and navy manpower needs can be filled by taking only 18 year olds This would reduce sharply the current induction rate of around 120000 men a month Within the last week Marshall wrote May that General Eisen hower has informed me that his losses are currently averaging 2 OOC men daily and he anticipates no reduction in his replacement requirements for June The letter did not explain the losses While the success of our armies m Europe has recently exceeded our expectations Marshall con tinued it is too early to assume that the replacement flow to Eu rope can be cut off General Eis enhower on the other hand has vigorously protested proposed re ductions in order to get increased shipments off to General MacAr thur Norway Denmark and sections of Holland remain unlibcratecl and are occupied by strong and fanatical forces of Ihe enemy Jt is urgently necessary to start an increased flow of replacements to the Pacific ocean area over and above those required to replace battle losses Many veteran sol diers have been through several hardfought campaigns in that area under very trying climatic conditions We should return these men for release from the army as quickly as possible To accomplish this a pool of replace ments must be built up there Mays committee began closed door discussions Friday with mili tary leaders on demobilization and postwar army plans Liberated Press Correspondent Joins American 9th Army With the United States Ninth Army Germany Beattie Jr United Press War correspondent who was captured by the Germans last September arrived here Friday from the Luckenwald concentration camp south of Berlin The Luckenwald camp was overrun by the Russians last month Beattie had been there for 3 months He was captured near Chau mont France while attempting to get up to the most advanced com bat position to cover a story Subsequently the Germans IOOK Bcatlic to Berlin 7th Army Joins 5th 3rd Nears Russians Paris allies liberated all Holland and Den mark and won northwestern Germany Friday with Gen Eisenhower announcing that German troops there had sur rendered to Field Marshal Montgomery ageing to lay down their arms at 1 a m Central War Time Saturday surrender came 2 days after the surrender ot the German forces m Italy and part of Austria and left only Norway and minor pockets in Ger pockets in Germany Franco and the great war machine Field Marshal Montgomery lias reported to the supreme allied command that all en emy forces in Holland north west Germany and Denmark including Helgoland and the Frisian islands have surren dered to the 21st army group This is a battlefield surrender involving the forces now facing the 21st army group on their Molotov Trying to Seat Poles San Francisco For eign commissar V M Molotov was seeking Friday to settle the longdeadlocked Polish govern ment issue quickly so that Po land can be invited to the united nations conference before the Ar gentine delegation arrives Molotov it was understood wants to leave San Francisco be fore the Argentines arrive prob ably Monday or Tuesday But he was represented as being optimis tic that an accord could be reached before then on broaden ing of the Warsaw provisional government in line with the big 3 Yalta agreement and inviting it to send a delegation here One official position has been left open in the conferences com mission setup that ot rapporteur or recording secretary on commis sion 4 which is concerned with plans for a world court It was understood originally that this place was being held for Argen tina But there were reports now that Molotov might attempt to get it for Poland in event of any speedy settlement In connection with Argentina the United States delegations press officer described as without foundation published reports that former Secretary of State Cordell Hull had rebuked the delegation for voting to invite Argentina to the conference It was believed likely that prior to the plenary session vote on ex tending an invitation to the for merly proaxis South American republic Hull had urged the dele gates not to vote for the motion But the press officer categorically denied that he had rebuked the delegates after the vole as had been reported Technical experts meanwhile met in secret session to begin a detailed study of the Dumbarton Oaks plan the basis on which a world peace organization is to be molded here VON KLEIST SURRENDERS With the 26th Infantry Division Marshal Paul Ludwig Ewald von Kleist the man who engineered the 1940 breakthrough in France has surrendered him self to the 26th infantry division of the U S 3rd army it was an nounced Friday Von Kleist 63 commander of the Wehrmachts A army group was taken April 23 at Mitterfels but announcement of his surren der was delayed Asked his views on the fate of Hitler he replied I know only what I read in the newspapers Von Kleisls wife was at his side when he surrendered Also with him was his aide Capt von Seydlitz The German marshal the equivalent in ranK ot an Ameri can 5star found by a couple of infantry privates with his 25 handbags already packed At first he refused to surrender A gun pointed at his head changed his mind While he was talking to the Americans von Kleist sent his wife into the kitchen to brew some tea She returned with the news that there was no water and anyway she continued there had been no tea in the house for days The marshal satisfied himself with a piece of white bread pro duced by the American privates and ale heartily while he mar velled that enlisted men should have such fare northern and western flanks The surrender took out of the war the 2nd major grouping of German forces in Z days follow ing closely oil the capitulation of German armies in northern Italy and western Austria It leaves as the only German forces of any size still offering re sistance the armies insoutheast ern Germany northern Austria and Czechoslovakia and the garri son of Norway The wholesale surrender in the north followed the capture ot 500 000 German troops in Montgom erys territory in the last48 Queen Wilhelmina returned to the previously liber ated portion of the Netherlands awaiting return to the Dutch cap ital and allied truck convoys and planes have been penetrating German lines for several days to take food to the famished popula tion In Denmark Kinc Christian X is reported ready to resume his prerogatives with most of the members of parliament already on hand to lake over their duties Denmark had been under the German heel since the morning of April 9 1D40 when German troops arrived in Copenhagen in the surprise stroke that swept over both that country and Norway Holland was invaded a month later May 10 and the Germans virtually completed their occupa tion of that country 4 days later when the Dutch commander sur rendered his forces Gen Eisenhowers announce ment ended uncertainty of sev eral hours in which various re ports had told of capitulation ne gotiations on the Danish frontier and the cessation of hostilities in Holland The Germancontrolled Oslo radio had broadcast conflicting re ports of a surrender in Holland and Stockholm reports had insist ed that negotiations for surren der in Denmark and perhaps Nor way were in progress Eisenhowers announcement said nothing concerning Norway how ever There have been indications that what is left of the nazi re gime might be fleeing to Norway The latest of these indications was the blasting of German convoys fleeing toward that country Salzburg 5th largest Austrian city of 40232 had been repre sented as the eastern rampart of the enemys dissolved Alpine re doubt in the south It lies 12 miles northeast of the bombed out Hit lerian roost at Bcrchtesgaden The 105th cavalry group took the citys unconditional surrender aft er a 27mile dash oernight The Cactus lOSrd division ad vanced through the Brenner Pass to within 17 miles of a junction with Lt Gen Lucian Truscotls 5th army in Italy Gen Pattons 3rd army be sieged Linz from positions 5 miles away and was reported in Mos cow dispatches to be within 10 miles of Russian patrols west of Vienna A meeting would cut the Germans in the south into a northern pocket including the un conqucred part of Czechoslovakia trap including and northwest and a southern eastern Austria Yugoslavia The 3rd army plunged into Bo hemia and outflanked the great Skoda munitions works at Pilseti reaching points 14 miles to the southeast Swedish reporters told of large scale German efforts to ferry troops from Denmark into Nor way Sweden lies just across the Kattegat and Skagerrak from those kingdoms A British naval officer said the
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