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Mason City Globe Gazette: Monday, April 30, 1945 - Page 1

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   Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 30, 1945, Mason City, Iowa                             NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COUP PCPAftTMCNT OF HWORY KOIKES IA THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AU NORTH IOWANS NEIGHtORS VOL U Associated Pros United Pros Full Leased Wire Five Copy MASON CUT IOWA MONDAY APRIL 1915 1ST ARMIES This Paper of Two Russian Armies Hammer Last Defenders of Nazi Capital One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary by W CARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO MiMa City SnniUj m K3CJ Sioax City Sundir 7I5 p m WO1 Ames Weftaetdiy ra WSV1 CityVVcdnuday e m TCTAD Qoinej 111 FrWiy p m Theres a Long War Ahead for Britain THE end of frontline fighting is not going to mean the end of the war for those European na tions which have seen it at close range Im thinking of Greece the Balkan states Poland Russia CzechoSlovakia Norway Den mark Holland Belgium Luxem bourg France Italy and the Brit ish Isles and particularly the British Isles because Ive visited there so recently We in America think we face a formidable postwar problem And indeed we do Butit is as nothing compared with the postwar prob lem facing those 2 little islands off the west coast of Europe Life was none too easy for their dwellers before this war came aloniIts going to be even less easy In the years that lie ahead Thats for sure In this connection the first thing thatcomes to my mind is the property devastation visited upon Moscow Reports Reds Fight in Tiergarten London armies hammered the last fanatic de fenders of Berlin into a flaming shelltorn 8 square mile death pocket around the Tiergarten and Unter den Linden Monday Moscow dispatches said the Russians already haddriven across the Landwehr canal into the heavilyfortified Tier central the southwest German broadcasts admitted soviet shock troops also had broken through to the Lustgarten courtyard fronting the old royal palace the Berlin thedral and the old museum n i A Big 3 Meets New Crisis in Relations at the eastern end of Unter den Linden The decimated SS garrison was in its last throes of resistance Moscow said Most of its artillery was gone and its hold on the cen ter of the doomed capital was shrinking hourly William Lord Haw Haw Joyce broadcasting over the north Ger man radio said Adolf Hitler still was directing the defense of Ber lin from an underground citadel But other continental reports said Hitler either was dying or al ready dead Front dispatches published in Moscow said an epidemic of sui cides V swept German army and nazi party ranks as the red army fought deeper into the capital Scores were found dead by their own hand Tens of thousands of other Ger man troops deserted tothe Rus sian lines The captured com lii England it has been found ey eryiUjogjj8 LohBbn home more than 1100000out of of 2000000 has been damaged by robot bombs since lastJune 12 THIS DAMAGE ranges from complete hun dredsof thousands of homes made unrecognizable as buildings to such things as minor as haying all windows blown out by blast concussions When this latter happens 1 ot2 things is done Either the windows are covered over with paraffined cot ton or they are covered over with building paper The cotton ad mits cold the tarpa per admits neitherlight nor cold Neither isvery satisfactory The day is coming when the people of England will turn their attention to replacing their de molished homes and repairing their damaged homes The need is very great But the need oE and by itself doesnt carry any sure guarantee that the work will be done The problem alas isnt that simple BRITAINS OVERALL problem is to reestablish an economy that will produce the wealth re quisite for building and rebuild ing all these homes and for a multitude of other items which Will be needed if the people of that country are to enjoy a stand ard of living even roughly com parable with that prevailing among rank and file Americans Theneed is there all right Bat the methods and means for sup plying fulfillment for that need havent definitely been developed up to this time DURING MY time in England I was entertained in a num ber of homes Invariably I would put this question to my host Whats the one thing in the world youd like most to see The answer just as invariably was The end of this rotten war Then wed gef dojvn to cases I would interrogate my host as to exactly what the end of the war was going to mean to him Down at Dover cessation of artillery shells from nazi gun implacements across the channel in PasdeCalais was the thing most longed for In a village be tween Glasgow and Edinburgh the sight of a streetlight at night was the thing most longed for In London the end of robotbomb rather the painful periods of suspense between bombings was the No 1 prospect One Lon don woman put it this way To me the end of the war In Europe means the cad of bombs and rockets I dont think I ever again will be able to realize that nothing s likely to fan from the skies moment Im not sure I can accustom myself to living in a comfortable home again SEE she had been living in subway bomb shelters for 4 since the blitz bombing of 1940 She had forgot Continued on Page 2 talion estimated that at least 41 hadi thrownaway hiding in Berlin A total ff 177 blocks in the ruined inner city fell to Marshal Gregory Kl Zhnkovs 1st White Russian and Marshal Ivan S Ukrainian armies battle of Berlin en enemy troops killed orcapuired in the battle for Ber lin rose to 156000 including 38 000 prisoners taken inside the capital in the last 48 hours More than 8000 Germans were killed by Zhukovs forces alone Sunday In the north the 1st White Rus sian army captured the Moabit district with its turreted jail and Spree river within range of Hitlers ttcellery and the burned Some 12000 war prisoners of assorted nationalities were liber ated at Moabit Fourteen factories were captured Attacking from the east the Russians seized the Anhalter sta tion only 600 yards south of Pots damerplatz geographical center of Berlin The 1st Ukrainian army on the southwest overran the Wilmers dorf district and reached the Landwehr canal opposite Berlin erstrasse at the ede of the Tier garten Berlinerstrasse is the western continuation of Unter den Linden In bypassed southwest Berlin other soviet units seized the Hohenzollern and Hallensee sta tions on the circular railway A front dispatch to the soviei government newspaper Izvestia said fife and smoke were every where inside Berlin The earth shook as in an earthquake under the soviet artillery barrage the dispatch said Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and continues cool Monday night followed by increasing cloudiness and warm er Tuesday Lowest Monday night about 30 Tuesday increas ing cloudiness and warmer Iowa Increasing cloudiness Mon day night and Tuesday Slightly cooler cast and south centra portion with scattered ligh frosts east portion Monday night Warmer Tuesday with ligh showers northwest portion Minnesota Partly cloudy and coo Monday night with heavy fros except in extreme west portion Low temperatures Monday night 26 to 28 except 32 to 34 extreme west Cloudy ant warmer Tuesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statistics Maximum Saturday 61 Minimum Saturday 40 Maximum Sunday 58 Minimum Sunday 32 At 8 a m Monday 36 YEAR AGO Maximum fig Minimum 49 Precipitation 38 By JOHN M HIGHTOWER San Francisco tP British AmericanRussian relations teet hed on the rim of another crisis Monday with the Polish issue again building up behind the icenes ot the united nations con erence Efforts at Latin American na ions to have an invitationissued or Argentina to join the confer ence appeared to be forcing the showdown this time Some con ference leaders were privately fearful of a deadlock Soviet Foreign Commissar Molo was reportedto have told his bigpower colleagues Stettinius of the United States Eden of Brit ain and Soong of be s willing to have Argentina Titedif the Warsaw government of Poland also is asked to send a delegation here Britain and the United States whose leadersalso assume the support of China are determined againstthis Polish ar rangement One plan which the Latin Amer ican strategists have virtually agreed on is that either Chile or Brazil both oC whom are execu tive committee members should move to add Argentina to a pend ing proposal to invite the White Russian and Ukrainian representa tives to come here now and join theconference since these Hussian republics have already been as sured of becoming charter mem bers of the world organization Russia is very anxious to have the 2 soviet delegations invited Foreign Commissar Molotov roigh be outmaneuvered by the Lati American plan However he might also bring forward a 2nd amend ment for tacking the name of Po land on to the invitation It remained an outside possibil ity that the Argentine question might be dropped to avert a re vival of the argument with Bus sia But Latin American delegates came through the weekend de termined to get action on Argen tina and in case the issue is forced and Russia is overruled on Polanc and Argentina none except pos sibly Molotov can predict what her future course here will be In addition to the steering com mittee meeting of all 46 delega tion chairmen and the 14nation executive committee the 5th plenary session of the full confer ence was summoned to hear an other round of oratory with Brit ains Anthony Eden as president undir the rotation compromise worked out Friday Beyond these the real produc tion machinery of the conference will be thrown into gear this week with organization meetings of the 4 big commissions designed to put the Dumbarton Oaks plan into final shape These are commissions on General main job is to write a sort of Atlantic Charter preamble setting forth the human ideals of the world or ganization in terms of justice rights and the like General consider the Dumbarton Oaks plan for an assembly of all nations and the amendments which have been sug gested on its powers and functions is the job of this commission Small nations would like to make the assembly more powerful Security assigned task is lt laydown the rules for the proposed peacepreserving council Dumbarton Oaks calls for II nations in its membership There is a move underway to ex pand this to 14 as a means of giv ing small nations greater voice World commission must work out what sort of body it should be and how much power it should have Trap Nazis Between Berlin and Leipzig Paris AP American 9th and 1st armies joined the Russiansat 2 new places Monday trapping an undisclosed number of Germans between Berlin and Leipzig and virtual ly surrounding all enemy troops between Berlin and the Elbe river in a pocket 85 miles long Four divisions of the American 7th army fought inside Munich within 2 miles of the heart of that birthplace of the azi party By 7 SURRENDER REPORT HITS CHICAGOS LOOPCrowds at State and Randolph streets in Chicago s loop shout smile and wave newspapers as the report of Germanys surrender spread across the country The report was later termed unfounded by President Truman Report Envoy on Way to Stockholm With Himmlers Answer to Allied Demands British cabmetlate Monday reexamined the peaceiVsttiiationamid reports MhjjjJiji envoy was on the way to JDmmlerTreaction to afc allied reiteration of surrender Policy iv v i Prime Minister Chunhill his colleagueswere closeted in regular meeting ofthe and the authoritative British press association said the peace posi further portions of Germany or Austria army and nazi leaders in Denmark are ready to capitulate troops peace posi tion was fully discussed Military leaders attended the meeting as usual Many responsible sources be lieved that if a new nazi capitula tion offer were being forwarded it would be Himmlers agreement to unconditional surrender since weekend developments evidently made it manifest that the allies were interested in nothing less A Paris dispatch said that with the capitulation Germany ap parently imminent the French government was taking steps to establish a claim that France be one of a Big Four to whichthe nazis must give up French Foreign Minister Georges Bidault was understood to have been instructed to take up the matter at San Francisco with Edward R Stettinios Anthony Eden and V M Molotov the Big Three foreignministers Information reached French government sources Adolf Hitler recently asked the Japa nese government for permission to fly to Japan there to continue I to the western allies Under and withdraw their government in Noway resigned London newspapers predicted the end of the European war was only days away The London Daily Mail said it may end at any hour Much of the situation was ex pected to be clarified by Church ill in commons this weekperhaps Tuesday He met with his cabinet as usual Sunday Count Bernadotte presumably gave Hirhmler gestapo chief in terior minister and possibly acting fuehrer of Germany the Anglo American refusal to make a sep arate peace with Germany at their purported meeting in Denmark Sunday A Stockholm dispatch to the London Dally Express said Himm lers original offer made last Tuesday called for the surrender of or with himself and other high nails Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy grounds that such action would embroil Tokyo with Russia an to avoid as long aspossible The same sources in Paris said that Himmler in reported nego tiations with Count Bemadotta of Sweden said that Hitler was fighting inBerlin as a simple soldier The Evening News political cor respondent said Prime Minister Churchill was understood to have returned to London from the country early Monday The war cabfhet will consider Himmlers reply as soon as it is received the dispatch said Stockholm dispatches said the intermediary Count Folke Ber nadotte director of the Swedish Red Cross met Himmler Sunday morning somewhere in Denmark He was expected to leave Copen hagen for Stockholm sometime Monday the dispatches said With Germany tottering on the brink of total collapse rumors of developments within the shaken country and her stilloccupied neighbors came thick and fast from continental sources All unconfirmed and many of them conflicting they included Hitler is mad dying or already dead antinazi partisans kidnaped Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop sailors mutined at the Baltic port of Rostock and are engaged in fierce fighting with SS troops representative of Dr Ernst Kaltenbrunner deputy for Bavaria and Austria is meeting with Swiss officials at Vaduz capita of neutral Liech tenstein The subject of the nego tiations was not disclosed t may involve the surrender of A 200 B29s Hit Kyushu Suicide Bases By UNITED PRESS More than 200American LSuper GENERAL CLARK PROCLAIMS END OF RESISTANCE Says German Military Power in Italy Has Practically Ceased Rome victory in Italy was announced Monday by Gen Mark W Clark in a tri umphant proclamation thai 25 German divisions had been torn to pieces and no longer could re sist effectively the U S 5th and British 8tfo armies The American 5th army entered p m Ger ian resistance had become ight to moderate a 6th rmy group statement said The 9th army contacted the ussians at Apollendorf on the orth bank of the Elbe 3 miles est ot Wittenberg The 1st army let the Russians at Wittenberg self Other 9th army troops on ie Elbe north of Magdeburg and 5 miles northwest Wittenberg only 10 miles from the Hus lans at Rosenhageu Munich still was holding out iiortly before noon and small rms fire was increasing Ele ments of at least 4 7th army divi lons pressed into the Bavarian apltal from the north west and outhwest Other 7th army troops struck eep into the German national edoubt within 12 miles of Inns ruck and 20 ot the Brenner Pass f which the Tyrolean city is the orthern gateway Lt Gen Alex offer the Express said German troops on the western front would standstill and others in Norway arid Denmark would retire five miles from the coast and sur render to patriot authorities AH London newspapers em phasized that capitulation should not earn immunity for Himmler possibly the most wanted of all nazi war criminals next to Hitler They all theorized that he prob ably was hoping for amnesty in making the surrender offer Suggestions that Hitler already may bedead were bolstered some what by two developments One was the report that Himmler bad offered to surrender him dead or alive and the other that the Ger man radio ceased its repetitious claims that the fuehrer was di recting the defense of Berlin Only William Lord Haw Haw Joyce the English traitor who broadcasts over the north German radio still referred to Hitler as in Berlin hoihelariii concen trating on Kyushusbases for sui cide planes one of whichcrashed on to tho U S naval hospital ship Comfort Saturday night The attack on1 the Comfort killed Z9 persons seriously in jured 33 and badly damaged the brightlylighted ship as it steamed unescorted 60 miles south of Okinawa a communique said One other person was missing While most of the B29s In Mondays fleet blasted at the Kyushu airfields for the fifth straight day others bombed the Tachikawa army arsenal Z4 miles west of Toyko Radio Tokyo said 100 Mustang fighters accompanied 100 B29s in the Tachikawa raid Despite recent crushing air blows against Kyushu the Japanese sent 200 planes against U S forces around Okinawa Saturday night and Sunday causing some damage to light fleet units The American defenses shot down 104 of the planes A Tokyo broadcast claimed the Japanese suicide planes sank or damaged four aircraft carriers and four other ships off Okinawa Sun day night Another enemy broad cast said 13 American transports and warships were sunk off Oki nawa Saturday American troops on southern Okinawa were reported moving steadily toward Naha the capital with support of heavy land air and naval bombardment Units pf the 27th division had captured half the Machinate air field two miles north of Naha and to the east seventh division troops captured new high ground near Kochi village On Mindanao in the southern Philippines American troops split the island in two and pushed south along Davao gulf after cap turing Padada airfield 31 miles from Davao Other troops pushed north to a point 17 miles above Kabacan midway between Davao and the VToro invasion beaches Gen Douglas MacArthur an nounced 8561 Japanese had been killed and 218 captured throug out the Philippines in the last six days American casualties for the same period were 517 killed and 1365 wounded Death Results From False VE Celebration Long Beach Cal Russian seamen were dead and 6 others were ill in a hospital Mon day after theydrank methyl al cohol during a celebration of Sat urdays false German surrender report The 2 dead were identified as Alejtei Katchkan 26 and Nicko Jai Makhiiov 27 of the tanker S S Dombass The alcohol was drained from gauge aboard their ship Elephants Snooty Scorn Peanut Offerings Kansas City general up ping of childrens allowances in the Kansas City area perhaps is responsible for a peanut prosperity at the Oak park zoo so great that the elephants and monkeys are beginning to turn up their trunks and noses at the goobers park of ficials report Apparently the pachyderms touted memories dont go back to the comparatively recent days when the delicacy was Turin Monday regiment composed ot American of Japanese an cestry entered the trial city of 6291 is and found it completely under control of Ital ian patriots The 91st division and the 6th South African armored division captured Treviso 16 miles north of Venice The American 1st armored divi sion captured 4 generals They are Maj Gen von Behr comman der of the 90th panzer grenadier division along with his staff Maj Gen Leyers director of German production in northwest Italy Maj Gen Vehrig director of nazi motor transportation in the same area and Maj Gen Ebling com mander of the Como military dis trict The military power of Ger many in Italy has practically ceased Clark said His state ment put the official seal on clear cot evidence that nazi resistance in north Italy was collapsing The allied commander in Italy issued his victory announcement as his 5th and 8th armies were stampeding through north Italy The British captured Venice Yugoslavian forces were reporter fighting in thestreets of Trieste toward which the British 8th 5rmy was driving only SBmiles away The Americans took Allesandria in northwest Italy and the Brit ish took Chiaggia in the north east on the Adriatic Sea As New Zealanders ol th polyglot 8th reached the Piave river 17 miles northeast of Venice radio Belgrade reported Marsha Titos forces had entered Trieste In Northwest Italy American 5th army forces raced northwan 40 miles from Genoa to captun Alessandria halfway along th highway from Genoa to Turin That put them within 78 miles ot the French frontier when French forces had crossed inti Italy The only sign of German re sistance was at the northern en of Lake Garda where the nazi were battling to keep open th Brenner Pass 80 miles to th north A communique describe the resistance as fairly heavy But elsewhere the rout of th beaten nazi armies in north Ital continued One entire German di 148th infantry divisio to the Brazilia troops fighting with the 5th army Negotiations continued for th surrender of the Italian Lirurla army of captured Marshal Ro dolfo Grazlani an estimated 5 di visions numbering perhaps 5000 troops In historic canallaced Venic the 8th army joined hands wit Italian partisans and complete the moppjngup of the city Eighth army units already 17 miles beyond Venice at poin within 70 miles of both the Yugo Slav and Austrian borders The allied bag of prisoners ha soared to the 109000 mark an more were pouring Into the cages Dispatches from the front said nas obvious the Germans n longer were putting up an or tanized fight Prisoners US 3rd Army the U S 4th armored division liberated 10000 allied prisoners of war at talag TA at Mosshure instead of tie 27000 previously reported his was Germanys biggest pris ner of war camp The roster included the names f 11000 Americans There also rere Britons South Africans Sew Zealanders Australians oles Russians Frenchmen and Yugoslavs and some war corres pondents The first accounts gave o names The Mossburg camp was taken iy the 14th armored 7th tank battalion which found 9 of its own troops there A vast poison gas depot with 5000 poison gas bombs was cap ured along with the depot offi ers and personnel near Nieder eindorf 13 miles south of Reg insburg ander M Patchs troops were 3000 feet or more up into the snow capped Bavarian Alps and had captured the winter resorts of armischPartenkirchen The British Jn the north cap urcd Lauenburg and deeped their Elbe river bridgehead to 6 miles The Tommies were within 19 miles of Hamburg 28 of Luebeck and 87 of Denmark The new junction was east of Dessau at Apollendorf 51 miles northwest of Reisa in the Dres denLeipzig area where the Rus sians and American 1st army first met and cut Germany in two American forces were released for other duties by the new meeting Ninth army troops crossed the Mulde river and pushed 14 miles east to meet the Russians They also burst out of their Elbe river bridgehead and swept 12 miles east of captured Zcrbst to posi tions south of Brandenburg a satellite city of Berlin Keports continued to reach su preme headquarters that the Ger mans Mere attempting to negoti ate surrender In the south the 3rd army drove within 3 miles ot Passau heavily defended Austrian city and gateway to Linz which the Germans said was being ap proached by both the 3rd army and the Russians from west of Vienna A junction in the south would cut off Czechoslovakia and carve the enemy into 3 pockets Passau is barely 56 miles from Salzburg and 68 from Berchtes gaden It Is 29 from Braunau where Hitler was born LI Gen William H Simpsons 9th army established contact with a Russian patrol at a m battlefront lime at Apollendorf 3 miles west of Wittenberg The Americans were of the 125th cav alry and were led by Capt Adolf C Floehn Battle Creek Mich The junction released American forces or other duties AP Corre spondent Kenneth Dixon reported from the 8th army front The joining of 9th army and Russian forces was accompanied by a last minute nun of terrorized Germans attempting to flee across   

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