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Mason City Globe Gazette Newspaper Archive: April 27, 1945 - Page 1

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Publication: Mason City Globe Gazette

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   Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 27, 1945, Mason City, Iowa                                NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL U Pitt mad United NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS ALLIES MASON CITY IOWA FJUDAY AFKIL 27 1945 RUSSIANS INSIDE WASHINGTON New Kind of Fireworks To Pop ot White House By HELEN ESSARY Central Press Columnist There will be a new kind of fireworks in Washington for while now since Mr Truman has hung up his hat and coat in the vestibule of 160Q Pennsylvania avenue That postNew Deal calm which many mopers predicted last isnt going to happen Missouris very favorite son with thf mild look has a sharp brain snapping eyes behind the smoke screen of his spectacles And a onesyl labled word vocabulary that doesnt mince a consonant or slur avowelTThe onesyllable words almost destroyed the 345 news people who went to his first presi dential press conference Youve heard already about that press conference arid its electric atmos phere So I wont talk too long on its excitement The rush to let into the famous oval study to meet the new president and see how he would behave was so footbaUish half of us were pro pelled in backwards The last 40 yard dash down the ball that sep arates the anteroom from the was done in a gallop I was too far back in the crowd to see Mr Truman clearly But I heard his resolute voice and got some vivid impressions of how he will T direct the White Boose LiOfSpstrhe Trurnan is SPjrijrif hi Vthe boss always And run his own show Second Mr Truman and Mr Stalin will get on They speak the same language even through translators aid Mr Stalin isnt going to outmaneuver Mr Tru man Mr Stalin has sensed this His knowledge of this Triiman characteristic gives him respect for the new president Mr Truman and Mr Winston Churchill will not be too terribly simpatlca Mr Truman and Sir Churchill do not speak the same language though both record the thoughts they let peo ple know about in English Fourth Mr Truman doesnt mean to have any high falutirr nonsense clouding the issues he has to meet as president of the United States He is not confused He thinks straight and gets to the gist of the trouble without mean dering about For the rest of todays opin ions of the new president I take you to Mr C B Pinckney Jr at excellent food store Mr and Mrs Truman used to trade when they lived out on Connecti erut avenue It took a Htite doing to per suade air Pinckney to tell what he knew about the new presi dent and his wife He said they werent the sort of people you could fake advantage of They were pleasant and cooperative They never asked special favors Or special cuts of meat Or tried to cet an extra points worth of anything because they were in a position to throw their weight around Friday the day after Mr Roosevelts death Mrs Truman phoned she would have to be out when the delivery boy came She would leave her ration points at the apartment house desk Sometimes Vice President and Mrs Truman came in to do their marketing together She would pick cot what she wanted And he would sort of stand around like husbands do in a store and wait for his wife to make up her mind Then shed take a bag and he would take a bag Theyd carry the things out the car them selves Most of the time Indeed they were so unobtrusive youd forget they were there and should have attention I dont want to give you the impression Mr Truman were easy and careless explained Mr Pinckney They werent They understood values and werent interested in goods that up to the mark Yes indeed we liked that in them And let me tell you in this connection they expected to get their moneys worth In a nice way of course Even if they were always goodtempered Mr Tru man is a man who knows the price of a can of peas Mr Truman is a man who knows the price of a can of peas A firstrate quality in a president of the United States NeoLeipzig to Cut Germany in Two Pattern Races Toward Red Army in Austria Paris Amerieaii 1st army and the Russians reicn in two Even as of Gen Hodges and Marshal Ivan S Konev sohdified their junction at Torgau Gen Patterns American 3rd army invaded Austria and established radio contact with the Ruasmns west of Vienna in a swift maneu ver which virtually encircled Czechoslovakia and cut thp Germans vanishing hold Europe into 3 great death traps Americans and Russians joined hands Thursday Their patrols had met the day before Torgau historic town of 14000 where ancestors of the Russians met their western allies nearly 2 cen turies ago in the Seven Years war lies 58 miles southwest of dying Berlin and 28 northeast of Leip zig The junction hopelessly out flanked the Saxony capital of Dresden and split German armies for reduction in detail Maj Gen Emil Heinhardts Fighting 69th division was the first to join the Russians Both the northern and south ern pockets were under violent and increasing assault Three of Gen Eisenhowers armies at tacked the Bavarian redoubt moving within 31 miles of Mun ich Two allied armies were driv ing up from the south past Ver ona and the Russians were closing in from the east The northern pocket was unitr violent from Russians on 9th armies on the south and west The British advanced past cap tured Bremen in a drive to cut off Denmark and SchleswigHolstein Hamburgwas besieged The Ca nadians broke the Kusten canal line and moved on smaller North sea ports The German command said the 91h army crossed the lower Elbe on both sides of Tan germueBde where another junc tion with the Russians was immi nent if it bad not already taken place The white house the Kremlin and Whitehall jointly announced the historic junction of the 1st army and the Russian 1st Ukrain ian army group led by the tall shavenheaded Konev who helped turn impending disaster into vic tory at the gates of Moscow in the snow of December before Pearl Harbor The end was not yet but it was inevitably brought closer The Germans still had 250 divisions most of them under strength but many of them fighting the desperation of the doomed Many were SS units The French 1st army dashed to positions 31 miles westsouthwest of reaching Lands berg 20 miles south of Augsburg The direction of the French drive suggested a direct move to en circle Munich The American 7th army closed to within 35 miles of Munich from the northwest Lt Gen Patchs 7th army made an IB mile breakthrough and moved within 6 miles of Augs burg His Tiger 10th armored and 44th division captured Mem mingen 34 miles from the Aus trian frontier and liberated 4000 allied prisoners British tanks lunged north of captured Bremen in a drive on Hamburg and a maneuver to seal off Denmark and SchleswigHol stein The Canadians broke the enemys Kustin canal line and advanced toward WUhelmshaven and Emden Far southward on the Riviera French forces struck into Italy as far east as Bordighera on the Mediterranean 6 miles west of San Remo clearing all the maritime Alps department to that point Pattons troops captured IngoJ stadt medieval fortress city on the Danube and moved 2 miles south within 38 miles of Munich The American 7th army and the French 1st were threatening that cradle of the nazi party from the west and northwest Berchtesgaden was menaced by the 400000 or more attacking al lies in the south which were roll ing through the fringes of the doubtful redoubt within 72 miles of the village Third army troops were 31 miles From Linz 3rd city of Austria and within 61 miles of Salzburg east ern fortress to the Alpine hide out The last route into the re doubt leads through Linj Buy jour War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Yank Meets Russian on Elbe Bridge By DON VVHITEHEAD With the U S 69th Division Iff An American infantry offi cer and a Russian private squirmed across a girder of a blown bridge in the Elbe river Thursday pounded each other on the back and shook hands to seal a historic meeting of Gen Hodges 1st army with Marshal Ivan S Konevs 1st Ukrainian army group Put it there were the first words 2nd It William D Robert son Los Angeles called to his red army friend in the bizarre meeting at p m over the waters of the Elbe at Torgau 28 miles northeast of Leipzig Itwas one of at least 3 con tacts with the Russians made by men pt the 68th division armies climaxed from the west and east and ended in tense suspense along the front over which unit would be the first to make the junction The 69th division is command ed by Maj Gen Emil F Kein hardt Detroit Mich It won the historic honor of making the first contact with patrols Just who was the first individ ual to meet the Russians not entirely clear at this writing but Robertson got a big share of the credit because he was the first to bring back proof to his division headquarters The proof was a Russian major captain lieutenant and private the firstto meet the if not the first was Lt Albert L Kotzebue of Houston Tex The happy Russians beaming at everyone were brought into the crowded command post of the Fighting 69th division for a cele bration of the event Each of them made a speech which was inter preted for the throne This is a great day on the meeting of 2 nations said Maj Anaphim Larionov of Konevs 58th guards division We extend warmest greetings and congratu lations on the destruction of nazi ism We hope this meeting will peace in the be the basis for world to come Capt Vassili Petrov Nedov added We have wanted to meet you for a long time This is a great holiday for the wholeworld This linkup with the Russians was one of the strangest stories of the entire var and was not even anticipated when a group of Americansset out in a jeep at 10 a m Among the Americans in the jeep were Cpl James J McDon nell of Peabody Mass Pfc Frank P Huff Washington Vn and Pfc Paul Staub of the Bronx New York MOLOTOV DISCUSSES POLISH press conference in almost a a At least one Mason Cityan Lt Col Stuart N rummon is in the 69th infantry division one of the units of the 1st army to make con tact with the Russians Col Grum mon is chemical officer of the di MINISTERS OF BIG 4 CONFER Want Compromise on Chairmanship San Francisco of State Stettimtts went info an early morning huddle with the British Russian and Chinese foreign min isters Friday in a new effort to settle the chairmanship of the united nations conference British and American leaders were hopeful of reaching an agreement with Foreign Commis sar Molotov along the lines of the compromise proposed Thursday by Foreign Secretary Eden But some conceded it might not be possible to clear up this vexing deadlock in time to get the con j ference down to business Friday The bigfour meeting was called preliminary to a meeting of the conference steering committee Stettinius met with Eden Mololov and Soong in the Veterans war memorial conference headquar ters where the steering commit tee was scheduled to meet half an hour later It was in this building that Molotov blocked an Eden motion to make Stettinius chairman of the conference Eden then pro posed that the job of presiding over the big open sessions be ro tated among the big Molotov that Stet tinius he made chairman of the fcey steering and executive com Molotov disap Shortage of Metals Fuel Hamper Operation of Japanese Air Force San Francisco UPjTokyo radio admitted Friday Japan was having a difficult time keeping its air orce m operation because of a shortage of fuel and light metals The broadcast conceded flatly that Japan is cut off from re sources of the southern regions but assured the Japanese that the difficulties would be overcome Airplanes will be made of wood Jrine tootfi proved Molotov signments wanted all to rotate three as However both British and American lead ers were reported firmly opposed to this ideal as unworkable Fri days session was awaited with extraordinary interest by confer ence delegates for a possible clue on the amount of giveandtake to be expected of Molotov Hot tempers and hurt feelings as well as lingering hopes of a compromise went into Fridays 2nd round of the battle over selec tion of a conference chairman But even if this could be settled with out more dispute delegates gen erally took a pessimistic view The fight which broke out in a closed meeting of the steering committee Thursday when For eign Commissar Molotov blocked the election of Secretary of State Stettinius as chairman demon strated anew the big 3 disunity which had developed in the dis pute about Poland l There was widespread fear that the same situation would arise over even more critical issues which the conference still has to tackle The whole conference of 46 na tions has been thrown off its time table by the chairmanship out break Fridays a m p m central war time session origin ally was scheduled for another round ol speechmaking Instead the steering committee was called into a 2nd extraordinary and to try to break the deadlock over the chairmanship and organize the conference for work Another session delegates speeches are invited to was scheduled to which all hear later p m The big 4 made their formal talks Thursday Stettinius had a 2hour session Thursday night with the Ameri can delegation on the chairman ship dispute Senator Conrially DTexas was reported have termed it a picayunish thing 1o scrap about Connally and Sena tor Vandenberg RMich ar ranged to attend he steering com mittee meeting with Sfctlinius Friday 1 Talk pleacj among delegates that neither the United States nor Britain would yield further to Russiandemands for setting up a rotating system for all important chairmanships The British and Americans wanted to make Stettmius presi dent of the conference and chair man of the key steering and ex ecutive committees Molotov balk ed and Eden proposed that Stet tinius be given the committee chairmanships But he proposed also that the job of presiding over the full confer rotated among the big 4 Stettinius Molotov Eden and For eign Minister Soong of China Molotovs rejection of this dead locked the conference Shortly before midnight Thurs day night Steftinius met with sev eral members of the Russian dele gation whose names were not dis closed trying to reach an agree ment assuring success of Fridays efforts toorganize conference In an earlier talk with military and naval advisers a formula was worked out for setting up inter national trusteeships for ex enemy dependent territories This provided that strategic base areas should be handled through the proposed security council as being essential to the armed pro tection of future peace and that other trustee territories should be supervised by the general assem bly of the world organization with a primary view to building up living standards of their people Mololov held an unusual press conference just before addressing a speechmaking session of the conference Thursday At neither did he give any sign ot the morn ings hatandheavy outburst In his speech Molotov spoke repeatedly of the new coalition of powers growing out of this war which must take responsibility for preserving world security in the future He made it plain that Rus sia intends to be recognized as a leading member of this coalition To many delegates this sounded the keynote of Russias interna tional policy And to them it ap parently explained Russias in sistence that the traditional meth od of conference organization be scrapped in favor of rotating con trol As far as the soviet union Is concerned Molotov told the dele gates I should like to assure the conference at this time that in our country the whole people are brought np in the spirit of faith in and devotion to the cause of setting up a solid organization of international security You must definitely know that the soviet union can be relied upon on the matter oC safegviard ing the peace and security of na tions This great cause is inflex ibly backed by our peaceloving people soviet government the red army and our great Marshal Stalin Bur your War Bonds and Stamps from jour GlobeGazette carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Thundcrshowers Fri day night and Saturday fore noon Warmer Friday night Cooler Saturday afternoon Iowa Showers Friday night with scattered thunderstorms in west portion Saturday showers end ing in forenoon becoming part ly cloudy Warmer in north and cast portions Friday night Cool er in west and central portions Saturday Minnesota Increasing cloudiness and not so cool Friday night Cloudy Saturday with occasional light rain south and east central portions beginning in extreme southwest portions Friday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 52 Minimum Thursday 30 At 8 a m Friday 33 YEAR AGO Maximum 47 Minimum 33 3 Capitals Make Historic Statement Washington juncture of AngloAmerican and soviet armies in the heart of Hitlers reieh cutting Germany in 2 was triumphantly announced at the white house Friday President Truman gave out the news in a statement re leased simultaneously in Washington Moscow and London at a prearranged hour 11 a m central war time The juncture of the armed might of the Big Three oc curred at 1 p m central war time Thursday at Torgau a He trt V fnxvn mi f rrc Believe Berlin Inner Defense LineCrocking London White Rus sian army troops have captured Spandau on the western outskirts of flaming Berlin Potsdam 5 miles outside the capital area and Rathenow 33 miles to the west Premier Marshal Stalin announced Friday night Potsdam has been the head quarters of the German army since the days of Frederick the Great Before the first World war it was famil German In his order of the day Stalin described the 3 cities as import ant road junctions and powerful German defense bases in central Insnte inEfer aefense core appeared to be crack ing under a massive soviet squeeze operation which already had Samcd the Russians of the capital At Aloabit the Russians were in m The biggest district adjoins the s e Iiergarten on the northwest and uerman reports indicated that Dattles already were swirling over that great park The Germans now held only a 3rd of Berlin While the most spectacular overnight gains were scored bv the northsouth nutcracker on the reich capital the Germans report that terrific pressure also was being exerted by the Russians in the southwest notably at Gruen waide Soviet dispatches described Ber lin as a wilderness crumbling stane swept by hot winds from the flames of burning buildings and heavily charged with brick and cement dust Russian flame throwers went to work prying out German units which had established machine gun nests in the ruins One soviet account said the fighting now was raging high toove the street in the corridors on the stair cases m attics and one the roofs of the larger buildings Fighting also continued underground in cellars and the tunnels and stations of Berlins subway system Berlins bloody street battles paled 3 other Russian successes the conquest of the great Baltic naval base of Stettin the capture of the Czechoslovakia armament center of Brno one of Hitlers last remaining war production cen ters and an advance into the long besieged SiJesian capital of Bres lau where several factory districts were overrun The Russians had captured two thirds of the fuehrers doomed 277 ot great Berlins 431 square as the battle roared into its 7th day German guns barked from roof tops windows garrets and the ruins of bombed buildings and great clouds of smoke speckled with dust hung over the embat tled city The noise of the fight carried for miles Soviet warplanes swept at rooftop levels to strafe enemy po sitions The Russian artillery bar rage was incessant SAYS WAR NEARLY OVER London Clare Boothe Iuce Connecticut republican who recently returned here from the continent said Friday the war in Europe was over except for large scale mopping up operations which ought to be over by July POSTPONE TRIAL Washington of Rep James M Curley DMass and 6 other associates in Engineers Group Inc on mail fraud charges in connection with war contracts has been postponed again until next Thursday on the Elbe river 75 miles south of Berlin Patrols had made contact a day earli er The ooeratiou said the joint statement of the great powers means first that the last faint desperate hope of Hitler and his gangster government has been extinguished The president emphasized lliat the juncture does not mean the hour of final victory in Europe but with bristling optimism he as serted that the hour for which the united nations have toiled and prayed so long now draws near Mr Truman hailed the event as a tribute to the courage and de termination of Franklin Roosevelt as no words could ever speak With a thought to the efforts of bis delegation at San Francisco to work out a postwar international security organization from the united nations nucleus the presi dent asserted collaboration of our nations in the cause of peace and freedom is an effective collaboration which can surmount the greatest difficulties of the most extensive campaign in military history and succeed Nations which can plan and fight together shoulder to shoul der in the face of such obstacles of distance and of language and of communications as we have overcome can live together and can work together in the common labor of the organization of the worid for peace The president said that as a result of the meeting the enemy has been cut in 2 and added This is not the hour ot final victory in Europe but the hour draws near the hour fur which all the American people all the British people and all the soviet people have toiled and prayed so long In a statement issued simulta neously with the British and the Russians the president added the AngloAmerican armies un der the command of General Eis enhower have met the soviet forces where they intended to the heart or nazi Ger many The statement added that the last faint desperate hope of Hit ler and his gangster government has been extinguished MTTruman said however that Until our enemies are finally subdued in Europe and in the Pa cific there must be no relaxation of effort on the homefront in sup port of our heroic soldiers and sailors as we all know there will be no pause on the battlefronts In he statement the president spoke a word of hope for an even tual setting up of an international peace organization The text of the statement The AngloAmerican armies under the command of General Eisenhower have met the soviet forces where they intended to the heart of nazi Ger many The enemy has been cut in 2 This is not the hour of final victory in Europe but the hour draws near the hour for which all the American people all the British peoples and all the soviet people have toiled and prayed so long The union of our arms in the heart of Germany has a meaning for the world which the world will nol miss It means first that the last faint desperate hope of Hitler and his gangster govern ment has been extinguished The common front and the common cause of the powers allied in this war against tyranny and Inhu manity have been demonstrated in faet as they have long been demonstrated in determination Nothing can divide or weaken the common purpose of our veteran armies to pursue their victorious purpose to Us final allied triumph in Germany Finally this great triumph of allied arms and allied strategy is such a tribute to the cpuragf   

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