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Mason City Globe Gazette: Tuesday, April 24, 1945 - Page 1

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   Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 24, 1945, Mason City, Iowa                             THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES Au NORTH Associated Press United Prtss Fuji Leased Wi mWA TUESDAY APBU Thb Paper consists of Two SectionsSection On NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME REDS ENCIRCLE BERLIN WASHINGTON Germanys PortWar Fate Still an Allied Problem Central Press Capital Staff ermany s post war fate has become the source of great concern in allied circles in Washington In fact some ob servers openly express belief that unless Britain Russia nnd the United States soon agree on an in terim program for Germanys re construction peace in Europe may be seriously delayed It is pointed out as the war in Europe grinds to its bloody inex orable end that there is no defi nite clearcut policy on Ger manys future status 1 German industrialists vr hose plants have escaped unscathed from allied bombings frankly tell allied officials they can resume production per haps for World War III if they arent closely watched But thus far the allies have not settled on the economic plan for postwar Germany Russia is pub licly on record with demands for German slave labor and a vigilant check on all German industry But Britain and the United States are still silent Burst Across Danube Into Center of Ulm on the outer One of Hitlers GreatestBene factions to bahn or come back to plague him in the dying days of the Third Reich Constructed in the mid1930S the not too subtle purpose of JMytog cojmplete mobility for the taihways were speedily used In the early 1940s the Ger nian army InvadedFrance and the low countries ribbons of concrete criss crossing the reich in all directions are now filled by allied tanks and military trucks paced by darting jeeps for an almost continuous mechanized parade Their capture cut off the main forces of the German defenders and forced them to take cover on secondary roads German Atrocities involving American prisoners of war mean while are going to be avenged The great number of recent news stories about savage mis treatment of American troops in the reich are being carefully noted by the United States gov eminent L Germans in authority at prison jjamps and prison hospitals will be to account for such horrors Es forced marches beatings star fvatipn and similar cruelties in vi of accepted rules of war fare Every account ts read by the War Crimes office in Washington established last autumn by the army navy and state department The office already has a long list of names of German and Japa nese barbarians and the new crop or atrocity stories is adding lo lhe list Whenever a new indignity is uncovered men are put at work interviewing survivors taking af fidavits and getting the names oC enemy personnel responsible Captured German sajd that Field Marshal Irwin I Rommel died at Ulm last Oct14 of wounds received in a strafin attack iri Normandy It was at Ulm In 1805 that the Austrian army surrendered to Na poleon near the 14th century gothlc cathedral The Danube is navigable from Him to the Black sea Supreme headquarters muffled on any word of a junction with the Hussians pending governmen tal announcements by the Big Three could give no news of the American 1st and 9th army lines along the Elbe and east of Leip zig Many correspondents believed preliminary contact with the Russians already had been made The 7th armys 44th division made the latest crossing of the Danube at Ehingen 117 miles northwest of the Bremier Pass into Italy French and American troops shared in the capture of Vim Infantry and armor poured into the Danube bridgehead at Dil lingen probing into the foothills of the Alps The Hellcat 12th armored division widened the bridgehead to ten miles and deep enedjt to six capturing an air field with the towns of Gurribremmingen Alten braindt and Sontheim The century 100th division captured an SOacre Vbomb plant intact It had been working until Friday with impressed for eign laborers The 3rd and 4th infantry divis ions marched across the intact Danube bridge at Dillingen to within a short distance of a prison camp where at least 500 American prisoners of war were caged Twenty Americans were released Monday night at Eppisberg In the north the British inten sified the siege of blazing Bremen and tightened an arc around Hamburg The city of Harburg which lies across the broad Elbe south of Hamburg was cleaned up The Seventh army was closest to Munich last reported 50 miles away and beating down the last 10 miles to Ulm The French tightened their hold on the Black forest pocket and moved within 17 miles of Austria Augsburg ojle of Hitlers last 34 cities was within 17 miles of allied troops beating upon the roof of the Bavarian Alpine re doubt The Seventh army was pouring infantry and tanks across OKINAWA TO BE KEY US BASE Nimitz Says Troops Have Begun Conversion Guam1 forces have captured threequarters of Okinawa and have begun convert ing it into a key base for the next stage or the American march of Japan and the China coast Adm Chester W Njmitz said Tuesday H9Qe2 spokeAmerican nti Superfortresses were con tinuing their softeningup bom bardment of Japan proper A h vof I50Jrom the Marianas hit the Hitachi aircraft factory at Tachikawa 14 miles west of Tokyo for the first time Nimitz revealed that develop ment of Okinawa into a major American base was under way at a press conference on the island following an inspection tour acquisition ol Okinawa will permit us to project our sea and air power to theChin a coast and Japariesertlornelaridanawill greatly facilitate and speed up op erations in thefuture he said The operations here along as planned and develop ment of the island already has to Hitlers Hideout in Alps EISENHOWER GROUP SEES During the War congress has been in the habit of getting into a legislative jam in the late spring This year promises to be no exception The reason the Jam develops is that there are a number of dead line bills that have to be passed in the late spring All the regular appropriation bills have to be passed by June 30 the last day of the fiscal year and bills have to be passed re newing major wartime powers many of which expire each year in the late spring This year although the session is 3 months old congress still has to pass nearly all the major appropriation bills And more than the usual number of war time laws expire Up to this point litttle progress has been made on these bills except on those of a less controversial nature intact bridges upper Danube captured on the CAPTURE GENERAL niD 9th Germany troops cleaning out the Harz mountain pocket Monday captured the commanding general of the German llth army and a majority of his staff it was an nounced Tuesday Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy It was the first time in Amer ican history that United States troops were crossing that river which the Russians had conquer ed from the Black sea to bevond Vienna The southern redoubt coming swiftly to Its supreme test m the same hour that rained Ber lin was falling to masses of charg niff Russians Canadian and Brit ish crossings of the Maas river south of threatened to turn the flooded Grebbc river de fenseline and open gates for de struction of the German 25th army trapped inwestern Holland The 3rd army offensive pro ceeded under a familiar security blackout censorship used in the past to hide decisive victories in the making Patton however was closing on Kegensburg from the west north and northeast with impressive gams against scattered to resistance a dispatch from Gen Bradleys 12th army group head quarters said Regensburg is a ma jor rail center for much German traffic which might be intended for the Alpine redoubt Its cap ture would go far to head off large withdrawals into the mountains some around 5 miles high By moving into Cham the 3rd mys Thunderbolt llth ar mored division severed 3 more mam routes from the final Filsen Frague munitions plants to the Alps Pilsen was 43 miles from advanced 3rd army troops Prague was 87 miles from troops around besieged Chemnitz in Saxony The full extent of gains was censored for operational reasons Buy your War and stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy started Nimilz Arrived at Okinawa shortly after noon Sunday and left Tuesday after conferring with Adm Raymond A Spruance commander of the fifth fleet Vice Adm Richmond K Turner com mander of Pacific amphibious forces and Lt Gen Simon Boli var Bucknerf Jr commander of the 10th army The American ground offensive on southern Okinawa appeared to have stalled temporarily in the powerful network of Japanese de fenses shielding Naha A Tokyo broadcast recorded by the FCC said Japanese suicide planes damaged 2 allied ships northeast of Okinawa and set fire to a large transport off the south west coast Tokyo said Japanese artillery on Okinawa fired on al lied ships which entered the Na kagusuku bay naval anchorage Monday and sank a destroyer Superfortresses which bombdd the Hitachi aircraft plant Tues day were striking at the Tokyo area for the first lime this week They attacked from medium alti tude and good results were ex pected Tokyo radio in acknowledging the raid said the force comprised 70 B29s and claimed that 6 of these were shot down and 20 dam aged The enemy broadcast said the Superforts also hit the air bases at Taehifcawa and nearby Tokorozawa while another force of 20 B29s ranged over the Shi E r centration camp at Gotha Gen Omar N B 11 iRSHALPETJi IN SWITZERLAND Next More in Big Three Dispute Over Polish Issue Appears to Be Up to Stalin HIGHTOWER Evidence this effect from Washington as negotiations among Secretary of State Stettin lus British foreign Minister Eden and Foreign CommissarMolotov ended and they headed for this bustling conference city Members of the United States delegation as well as other dele gates eagerly awaited the princi pals for information zuoko area southwest of Tokyo but dropped almost all its bombs into the sea Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Mostly cloudy Tues day night and Wednesday with occasional light rain Continued cool Tuesday night Warmer Wednesday Lowest tempera ture near freezing Iowa Mostly cloudy Tuesday night and Wednesday with light rain in east Wednesday Con tinued rather cool Tuesday night Warmer Wednesday Minnesota Partly cloudy east cioudy west with occasional light rain beginning in the Up per Red River valley late Tues day night warmer Tuesday rnght Wednesday cloudy warm er except near Lake Superior occasional showers except in ex treme southeast portion IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statistics Maximum Monday 4g Minimum Monday 33 At 8 a m Tuesday 35 YEAR AGO Maximum RQ Mjnimsftji f 40 as to hou serious the Bie3 split over Po land has become Many here are inclined to regard it the real key to success of plans for a world or ganization designed to keep the peace The situation at the moment is that the Big 3 have arranged for control the whole conference and can put through the Dumbar ton Oaks security plan about as they want it But they are still striving to build a foundation for unity among themselves chiefly because of the issue over what government is to rule Poland Efforts fo settle that issue ended abruptly Monday when the white house announced that they would have to be continued in San Francisco where Molotov Eden and Sfettinius are due to pass on final arrangements for Wednes days steering committee session and he formal opening The announcement noted that President Truman twice has re ceived Molotov following his ar rival Sunday anct Stettinius had conferred with him and Eden Then it added significantly In view of the limited time at their disposal in Washington prior to the opening of the San Fran cisco conference Wednesday and in order to permit Mr Molotov to consult with his government fol lowing these conversations the discussions will be continued by the 3 foreign secretaries at San Francisco HITLER WILL STAY IN BERLIN Nazi Controlled Radio Reports Fuehrer Fiahting London Germancon trolled Scandinavian telegraph bureau said Tuesday that Adolf Hitler has abandonedplans for a final stand in Bavaria and will stay in Berlin to conquer or die The report followed a broadcast by the German radio at Hamburg Monday saying Hitler was remain ing in the main fighting line in Berlin The German radio said Hitler had replied to birthday greetings from Benito Mussolini with an expression Of confidence that Germany still can win the war with heroism In a spirit of tenacious defi ance of death the German people and all those animated by a kin dred spirit yet will bring the on slaught to a halt however severe the struggle and alter the course of the war by their unparalleled heroism at this historic moment in which the fate of Europe is be ing decided for centuries 1o come he said European dispatches said panic and riots were sweeping those sec tions of embattled Berlin still in German hands Radio Moscow quoted a prisoner as saying that hell is beginning in the center of the capital The StockholAi newspaper Tidningen said Marshal Walter German commander last reported trapped in the Ruhr pocket was arrested after escap ng through the allied lines A new version of the report of propaganda Minister Paul Joseph Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette cirrier boy King Leopold Expected to Reach Frontier Soon Bern Marshal Petain entered Switzerland from Ger many Tuesday after declaring himself willing to stand trial in Prance And King Leopold of Belgium who surrendered to the Germans in 1940 was expected to reach the Swiss frontier some time during the day Pierre Laval arch collaboration ist of the Vichy regime appeared at the frontier of nearby Liechten stein bill was refused entry Laval is under a death sentence imposed by a Marseille court which con victed him in absentia last fall on a charge of having had intel ligence with lhe enemy Petain who observed his 89th birthday Tuesday was allowed to enter Switzerland after asking and receiving official permission to cross the neutral country into France to surrender himself to French authorities The French chief of state of the Vichy regime his wife and sev eral companions crossed the bor der at 9 a m at St Margrethen near the eastern end of Lake Con stance In asking the Swiss federal council to permit his transit Petain declared himself willing to surrender in France and stand trial it was announced Moscow Reports Fall of Capital Imminent London siege forces were re EStlnK Tuesday to have driven into the Char lottenbiug area of westcentral Berlin apparently after knifing clear through the heart of the de vastated The imminent fall of Berlin RUSSicill War said Reporter Enters Berlin By ROMAN KARMEN Copyrlihl 1015 by Unlltd Berlin April 23 UR The deeper we penetrate Berlin the more fierce the battle rages But already the victorious red banner flies over the nazi capital I am writing this inside ank T34 winch the command placed at my disposal to enter Berlin with the vanguard units We rode across the suburbs of ankenburg and the Malkhov and Weisensee districts on Berli streets cleared of the enemy On Rolckenstrasse and Berliner Allee heavy enemy artillery and mortars pound incessantly The streets are deserted Our infantry clinging to the house Advances chainwise Furi neighboring We run into a group of captured volkssturmer unescorted Our as sault units consisting of a tank group antitank guns and self propelled guns together with sap psrs smash toward the center of he city storming each house cel ar and balcony turned into for tresses Barricades constructed from the wreckage of houses blockour way Ihere is heavy cannonading from tlie northern eastern and southern districts These are unforgettable min utes It is a long way from the nrn days of the battle of Moscow remember famished besieged Leningrad and Stalingrad We marched and fought 4 years on battlescarred roads pro oundly confident the day would come when the red army would loist its victorious banner over he nazi capital We have just done hat The tank unit which I am ac companying battled ahead 15 milometers in ousting the enemy rom several fortified villages on he way to Berlin Before retreating the Germans Juried against us huge artillery nd tank forces counterattacking n each defense line established n favorable terrain Our lank mils were compelled to build heir own bridges and roads Our advance was a continuous nass of materiel relentlessly weeping ahead like an avalanche housands o motorized vehicles rere rolling on several lanes on a ozeji parallel highways Around the clock hundreds of ighters bombers ilanes swept thq Tuesday evening will break the last vestiges of resistance the last convulsive throes of the wounded monster Unofficial advices reported that the siege ring had been closed around Berlin in a grand scale en circlement manuever by 2 red armies trapping any naz lead ers who stayed to see the death of their captial In what Moscow called Berlins last hours a United Press dis patch from the soviet capital re ported that the red army and the u S 1st army had made the long awaited junction from east and west some GO miles soutli of the German capital The report lacked official confirmation by an ex peeted joint statement in Moscow London and Washington on the subject The BBC reported that Marshal Gregory K Zhukovs 1st White army hai broken into Charlottenburg the sprawlins area Berlinlying directly west of business area Zhukovs forces had been beating straight across Une between the northwest and south east parts of the city The report tallied with an earlier hint from nazi sources that tlie hard pressed defenders were falling back into the northwest ern quarter of Berlin for their last stand A Germnn high command ad mission that the Russians had reached Brandenburg 22 miles west of Berlin indicated that they were running rampant beyond the capital It tended to support the encirclement report A communi que also said the Soviets had thrust as far as the area south of Hotsdam and beyond Koenigs wusterhausen at the southeastern edge of the city Radio Luxembourg regarded as the voice of allied supreme head quarters said the Americans and Ssha4 and assault skies Fires lazed everywhere The artillery annonade did not cease for Motors roared of ingle minute ver our heads carrying tons eadly gifts westward The luftwaffe also was active roppmg parachute flares over ur lines But they dared to fli my at night our air superiority emg so overwhelming There was great mong our soldiers enthusiasm they drove However he remain m proper se oebbels reported flight Jrom Berlin said he boarded a 4mot ored private plane west of the capital for a flight to Bavaria or Norway probably the latter Switzerland temporarily unlil con tact is mnde with French authorities The marshal hero of Verdun of the first World war crossed into Switzerland as allied forces rolled forward in the adjacent areas of Germany His move to surrender came the same day that his trial in absentia was scheduled to begin TuesdayApril 24 was set nearly a month ago for opening of the trial before a special French purge court This dispatch did not indicate how he had managed to make good his flight from Germany On at least one occasion since he went into the reich he was reported in custody of the gestapo He has been head of a puppet French regime set up by the nazis in Sigmarmgcn Germany ithin sight of their 4 years goal Their hps burned with one word Berlin Two days ago at G p m I stood on the eastern edge of Bernau In the course of that night Bernau was cleared and our tank forces were ordered to proceed The next morning was rainy and foggy Aircraft were grounded but the tanks smashed on without air support I rode a jeep right behind the tanfr column which entered the northwestern city limits of Berlin ine whole way panzers burned like torches and heaps of German corpses littered the roads At practically each halt there were heavy barricades which tankborne sappers demolished under murderous enemy fire All the roads and fields were densely mined J inspected Colonel Greknvs battery which opened fire on Ber lin at p m shelling bridges spanning the Spree and the Stettin northern railway stations The Russians reached the Elbe along a 39 mile front Man y American and Russian tanks and motorized columns already are working together the Lux embourg broadcast said It was recorded by the Exchange Tele graph agency A poll of hich soviet officers in Moscow revealed that they be icved all German resistance north of Berlin and south of Dresden would be crushed in the next fortnight leaving only the doubt o be conquered Within the next few days 2 more Russian army the re Whito smash across the n e Oder m the Stettin area and clear western Pomerania and Mecklen berg for a junction with Marshal Sir Bernard L Montgomerys 21st army group Moscow said With the completion of these drives the battle of Europe will enter the mopup stage The snapping stmt of hfc a t escape gap out of Berlin was re norfed both by the French Tele EraiL agencquoting the Lux embourg radio and by the Stock Holm bureau of the London Daily The Daily Mail sajd the encir clement was completed at Span eaf er BrIin The nazi adio Monday night said the Rus sians had reached Spandau but claimed there still was a 1mile gap open between that district and ivcidcr Neundorf The more cautious soviet high command whose reports in recent days have trailed one to 3 days behind the actual fighting placed the 2 arms of the pincers at Hen Maricnfetde 17 ninffsdorf and miles apart Speculation raged whether the red army would catch Adolf Hit Vn uBerln trap The German radio said Monday Hitler had re mained behind at the main de fense line in Berlin Premier Marshal ringing orders of the day re 1st White Russian ijainian armies al o and I and 1st ready had clclrcd 21 metropolitan   

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