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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 23, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COM OF ARCHIVES A VOL U Associated Preg United rull Leased THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IQWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY APK1L 23 1943 ThU Paper Consists of Two SectionsStcUcm One 01 iwo secUonsStcUon One JJQ 168 REDS REACH ELBE RIVER One Man s Opinion A Radio Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE Maton Ctlr Sunday Ml p Sloui City Sunday p WO1 Ames Wednesday Sus a m WSU1 Iowa City Wednesdny p TCTAD Quincy Fridj 9 m Will Peace Extend to Industrial Front TN a commentary almost 2 year ago I discussed the subject o industrial strikes This was at a period in the war when Amer icas place in the world picture wasnt as favorable as it is now Hitler unchecked in Europe and Africa and Japan was still on the march in the Pacific Our na tional existence was more or les in jeopardy Despite this critical situation however steel mills were operat ing at something less than ca pacity because coal miners work ing under orders from John L Lewis had thrown down theii picks and shovels The settlemen reached at that time was no more than a reprieve The ax was stil poised over Americas collective neck I took the position that indus trial strikes in warlime are both wrong and indefensible Further more I raised the question wheth er the strike and lockout weren essentially wrong and indefensibli in peacetime What had happened at tha temporary stoppage o work in our coal mines dramatized the fundamental fac with respect to strikes namely that they are a weapon designer imperilpub1it wel When theres ra or lockout in an essential industry the public that pays rpHAT was a fair question 2 years agoand equally its a fair question now Nationally weve seen a coal strikeax poisei over the nations neck again In Iowa weve seen a newspaper wholly without fault forced to issue its paper in abbreviated typewritten form because 2 unions indulging themselves in a jurisdictional dispute Again ils the public that pays And here may I point out tha what I say is in no sense reflee lj tive of an antiunion attitude I r am proud of the fact that the first union in my own community was organized on the j I even the my own j V newspaper some 40 years ago I V have further pride in the fact that I In that whole time not one hour I or one minute of work has been through misunderstanding or Sl Ri More ihan once In editorial and in public utterance IVe paid compliment to improved condi tions for all labor brought about i by unionism Nobody I think can fairly charge me with being crit ical of organization when there is 3 reasonable regard for public interest What I am all Im saying is that unionists who avail themselves of the benefits of organization must also accept and discharge the responsibilities which attach to it history of man in his con tacts with man has been too Y much a record of stupidity and perversity Too seldom has any thing been settled in the easiest and most sensible way Our prog ress has been achieved through the medium of blood and tears S and hatred down through the centuries History has been pretty much in wars Wars are con spicuously a reflection of this perversity and stupidity to which I nave referred Almost without exception results obtained from wars could have been achieved through reason and arbitration I Our Civil war is the perfect case in point It grew out of the institution of human slavery Slavery was abandoned in the j north because it was unprofitable i because of any pronounced moral scruples These came later It would have been good business to pay the south for its property i right in slaves But the matter wasnt handled that way We went to war brother against i brother j Today the entire world is seek ing a formula for doing away with 1 wars The institution of war has no accredited defenders The question therefore arises If we are at the stage of our t ascent np the ladder of civiliza tion where we can talk about supplanting armed force with reason in our international rela tionships shouldnt he same token view industrial i Continued on Pace Z Cuts MunichPrague Lines as 1st Races to Join Russians BRITISH OPEN ONSLAUGHT IN BREMEN PUSH Patton Joins South Offensive to Burst Through Danube Line BULLETIN Paris Gen George Patton s third army running wild on a 35mile front in a south ward smash award Adolf Hitlers Alpine redoubt advanced to with in 13 miles of Resensburg Mon day Paris ff Lt Gen George Pattons 3rd army slammed down 28 against the roof of Hit ler s Bavarian redoubt Monday joining the general offensive in the south which burst through the enemys Danube river line within 50 miles of Munich In the north the British opened the final onslaught against Brem en and the American 1st and 9th armies anxiously awaited a junc tion with the momentarily army captured Dessau 52 miles southwest of beleaguered Berlin along with 21313 prisoners The fall ofDes sau left only 14 German cities un der the naziflag new offensive carried within 128 miles of Berchtesgad en arid within25 of the Danubian city of His troops reached within 125 miles of the Austrian stronghold of Linz in a swift advance which severed many of the routes between the re doubt and the PifsenPrague mu nitions last known arsenal of size The 3rd army operated on the left of Lt Gen Alexander M Patchs 7th army which closed up to the Danube to within 50 miles of Munich and 110 of the Brenner Pass The French on the right curled around Lake Con stance western edge of the re doubt and closed up to the Swiss border behind a 1000squaremile death trap sprung in the Black Forest Stuttgart and Freiburg 2 of Hitlers last major cities fell to Gen Jacob L Devert 6th army group The 7th army was Hooding across the Danube on an intact bridge The new 3rd army offensive was estimated to have netted 33 000 prisoners in the first 24 hours It extended the southern offen sive ail the way from the Swiss to zechoslovak frontiers Hitlers hastily stocked death Land hideaway in the towering mountains from Berchtesgaden to Lake Constance was being brought under full force attack even before the formal splitting of the German armies was an nounced The third army swung south eastward along a 125 mile front with the Thunderbolt Ilth ar mored division spearheading the drive into Schwarzenfeld and Nabburg against relatively little opposition Neumarkt southeast of Nuernberg and Weiden were among the towns xvhich fell Pattons troops in Czechoslo vakia and hard by the Czecho slovak frontier also scored gains Chonbrun 3 miles north of cap urea Asch an industrial Sudc enland city of 33000 and Dol reuth 2 miles east of Asch were taken His troops were within 5 miles of Eger in the most accessable gateway into northwest Czecho loyakia and 30 miles from Karls bad Tirschenreuth closest to Pil en and Prague fell lo the Texas and Oklahoma OOth division vhich captured 1500 Hungarian roops Supreme headquarters an nounced Ihat 37276 pris oners were captured Saturday aismg the total for Aprii to 963 00 and the aggregate since Dday ft months ago to 2292905 The Harz mountain pocket was rased finally with 56000 cap yes taken as the French sprang ne new trap against the fron icr of northern Switzerland Buy your War Bonds and lamps from your GlobeGazette arner boy by U Saim ar transport command plane from Moscow at National airport inWsh brrornykp Russian ambassador to U ry to the united r f Molotor Meets With Eden Stettinius in Effort to Settle Brg 3 Differences For another few hours this capital was in for a fastuaced scr Commissar V M Molotov reached here by plane The Bis Three discord over Po land headed the lisl of problems confronting the chunky Molotov and his AngloAmerican counter parts Secretary of State Edward R Stettinius Jr and British For eign Minister Anthony Eden With but 2 hours to shake off the weariness of his 6day trip from Moscow Molotov hurried into an introduction to President Truman at the Blair House then crossed Pennsylvania avenue for an 80minute conference with Eden Stettinius and AngloAmer ican experts on RussianPolish re lations Molotov is staying at the Blair Lee House official guest mansion adjoining the Blair House The Big Three foreign minis ters were set to mrel again Mon day Molofov according to au thoritative sources also planned to follow up his introduction to Mr Truman with a business visit to the white house The 3 foreign ministers were expected to leave for San Fran cisco by Monday night The lateness of the Russians ar rival made it certainthai the dis cussions already begun would be continued during the early days of the united nations conference The Polish dispute in particular is al most certain to require private MolotovEdenSteltinius talks aft er the big parley gels under way Wednesday Despite the fury tvith which the 3 officials dug into their negotia tions even the most optimistic American sources foresaw no settlement of the Polish question in the near future Russia has bolstered its support of the provisional Polish govern ment of Warsaw by signing a treaty of mutual assistance and friendship with its protege Polish regime The United States Britain have remained adamant in their contention that the Warsaw regime must be barred from San Francisco unless it is first broad ened in line with the Yalta agree ment U has been 2i months since Russia agreed at Yalta to work with Britain and the U S on the formation of such a broad ened government of national unity If either Blolotov or the Anglo American leaders offered any so lution to this stalemate Sunday night they and the stale depart ment kept it a closelyguarded se cret Throughout the dramatic events that began with Molotovs arrival late Sunday the state department has issued only incon of information about the important preconfercncc huddle RAF ATTACKS BREMEN KIEL London UPJ RAFbombers have smashed at Bremen twice in the past 24 hours in support of British armies assaulting the great German port it was announced Monday A second raid was made on Bremen during the night after an attack Sunday afternoon by bomber command Lancasters sup ported by fighter command Mus tangs Kiel also was attacked Sun day night The air ministry communique also reported RAF intruder air craft attacked German airfields Two bombers and one fighter were missing Yanks Wreck 126 Planes 2 Jap Ships Guam aerial forces wrecked 126 Japanese planes and 6 ships in 2 days of battles along an 850mile front from Japan to the southern Ryuk yus Admiral Chester W Nimilz an nounced the heavy toll of Japa nese aircraft Monday He also re vealed that U S marines had landed on 2 more islands off Oki nawa and disclosed that army troops had killed 11738 Japanese and captured 27 on southern Oki nawa The Japanese planes of which 105 were destroyed were account ed for by Mustang fighters from Iwo and carrier planes from the U S task force in the Ryukyus In addition a large force of B29 Superfortresses from the Marianas may have destroyed many others in a raid on Kyushus airfields Flying a 1500mile round trip mission from Iwo the army Mus tangs destroyed or damaged 47 planes in an atlack Sunday on Suzuka airfield 32 miles south west of Nagoya on the principal Japanese home island of Honshu Of the planes destroyed 9 were shot down in combat and 17 wrecked on the ground The oth ers were damaged or probably destroyed The Mustangs also swept over Ise bay south ot Na goya to sink 2 small oilers one small tanker and a 6000 to 8000 ton ship and damage one coastal vessel Carrier planes shot down 49 planes from a substantial Jap anese force which attacked Amer ican ground and naval forces in the Okinawa area Sunday after noon The Japanese succeeded in sinking one light fleet unit Nim itz said Further identity of the craft was not disclosed The raid followed one on a smaller scale Saturday night when 4 Japanese planes were shot down Other carrier aerial forces ex tended the offensive against Jap anese airfields at Amami in the northern Ryukyus to the 5th con secutive day Sunday Allies Smash Through to Po River Rome Allied troops of the 15th army group have smashed to the river Po at several undis closed locations it was announced Monday night Eighth army units had previ ously smashed within 2500 yards the airfield at Ferrara key road center 3 miles south of the Po Modena other immediate ob jective of the northward push also was directly threatened but a partial news blackout hid the position of 5th army forces driv ing on the city Allied force headquarters re ported that after good progress 5th and 8th army troops were nearing the river Po at several widely separated an indi cation they had fanned out along a wide front after breaking loose on the Po plain Measured due north of Bologna a 35mile advance would put the Americans virtually ou the banks of the Po last big river barrier south of the Italian Alps guard ing the back door to Hitlers Ba varian redoubt The Germans were fleeing in disorder after the Bologna break through their retreating columns hammered and harried by allied air forces Minefields rather than enemy resistance slowed Ameri can troops in the area northwest of Bologna and just south of the Panaro river The British advanced toward Ferrara astride the Po Di Primaro river which flows through the city Adding lo the German woes Italian patriots were reported on the rampage behind the nazi lines in northern Italy A communique Irotn patriot headquarters in oc cupied territory told of numerous BBC reported that the Italian government had told Apennine patriots that the hour to strike had come and they should act according to secret instruc tions given them earlier GOVERNOR BLUE VETOES BILL Would Have Permitted Youngsters to Work Des DlDines Robert D Blue Monday vetoed a mea sure passed by the recent legisla ture which would have permit ted boys 12 years old or older to work in bowling alleys It was the first bill actuallv ve toed by the governor although he returned 5 other measures to the lawmakers while they were in session Several were altered and passed and the others died He signed 5 other bills Monday including 2 school code revision measures appropriating 52000000 annually to districts for transpor tation of pupils and 51000000 n year in state aid to supplemen1 local funds Among the other measures sign ed were those increasing unem ployment compensation benefits from 515 to S18 a week and rais ing the annual salary of the Coun cil Bluffs city assessor from SI 800 to In vetoing the bowling alley bill Blue declared the Iowa should take no backward step in the field of child labor legislation The bill he said was in direct conflict with other child labor statutes Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Mostly cloudy Mon day night and Tuesday Colder Monday night with lowest tem perature 30 Continued cool Tuesday Strong winds Iowa Mostly cloudy Monday night and Tuesday with rain in enst portion Colder Monday night and in east portion Tues day Strong winds Minnesota Partly cloudy north and clearing south portion Mon day night with low tempera tures ranging from 20 north to 30 south portion Tuesday part ly cloudy with rising tempera tures north and west portions IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statistics Maximum Saturday 55 Minimum Saturday 41 Maximum Sunday 62 Minimum Sunday 45 At 8 a m Monday 45 Rainfall 135 inches YEAR AGO Maximum 55 Minimum 44 Precipitation 03 Stalin Reports Army Near Heart of Berlin BULLETIN London Stalin announced Monday that the red army had reached the Elbe river This may mean that the Russians have Jinked up with American forces stationed at numerous places along the west bank of the Elbe and at some points on the east bank Malm also announced the entry of Berlin from the south by Russian forces and the capture of Cottbus 47 miles southeast of the capital t Stalin proclaiming Russian entry Berlin announced Monday thefalt of Frankfurt on the Oder and said yecl army troops were within 4 miles of the heart of the embattled German capital SMaln of the day directed to 99 generals and 50 other officers said red army troops had smashed the Ger man capital s defenses and captured Pankow Oranienburg Coepemk Fnedneksfelde communities on the northwest north east and southeast of Berlin wi f lddlton the 01der said Marshal Gregory Zhukovs 1st White Russian army troops captured Birkenwerder and Henn the latter on the west bank of the Havel river and 4 miles from Lake Tegel on the northwest fringe of the capital Wandlitz and Karls hof also fell to the advancing Russians The order which directed that Moscows victory guns five 20 CRACK DOWN ON OPA VIOLATIONS 3 North Iowa Stores Named in Judgments Three judgments were entered Monday in district court of the United States for the northern ia i nines norm ol the district by Judge Henry N Graven ol the German capital and against North lowansfor OPA vlo Fried ricks fel de 4 miles east of the lotions A judgmentof S100 and costs assessed against Pete Lagios Cigar store Mason City for the sale of cigarets at overceiling prices and for the sale ot soft drinks at overceiling prices In addition Judge Graven en tered an order for permanent in junction against the defendants enjoining and restraining them from directly or indirectly selling cigarets tobaccos meals food items beer or soft drinks at prices in excess of the maximum prices established by GJIPR or any oth er OPA regulations or orders and directing the defendants to file xvith the War Price and Rationing Board at Mason City a correct list of ceiling prices on all the items and to post at or near the places they display the items A permanent injunction was ob tained against the Sam Raizes De partment store Mason City for the alleged violation of the provi sions of Ration Order 17 pertain ing to the rationing of shoes Judge Cravens order permanently en joined and restrained the store from directly or indirectly selling shoes unless such time as complete and accurate records are kept as required by the provisions of the regulations and to be accountable at all times for shoe rationing currency received by it in con formance with the original inven tory established by the defend ants original registration and from doing any acts in violation of Ration Order 17 A permanent injunction also was obtained against C A Wilkinson and Mrs Mabel Wilkinson who operate an independently owned grocery and meat market in Wil liams Iowa The defendants were alleged to have violated the pro visions of 2d Rev Order No 3 and the general of Ra tion Order No 3A pertaining to the rationing of sugar in that they executed and issued checks on their ration bank account author ized for the handling of the com modity without keeping a record of same causing an overdraft Judge Cravens order perma nently enjoined and restrained the defendants from directly 01indi rectly a failure to keep a proper allowable inventory balance b selling or transferring sugar in violation of 2d Rev Ration Order ISO 3 c keeping a proper check stub record of their ration bank account and d drawing checks on their ration bank account to cause an overdraft Chester O Hougen was the enforcement attorney on the local stores and Sarn Sigman was the in regard to the Williams injunction Germans Use Museum Aircraft for Fighting London luflwaffe is so hard up it has taken to using museum pieces 9th air force pilots reported Monday Of 2 German planes shot down Sunday 1 was an obsolete World war I biplane salvoes from 224 guns said units of the Polish 1st army under Lt Gen Poplaivski participated in the Russian victory Pankow is 4 miles north of the center Oranienburp is 7 miles north o Greater Berlin and Coepenik is 9 miles southeast ot the city Karlshorst is near FrieJ to prSnicnburg was by passed by the Russians at the start of the offensive against Berlin a week ago The order said the Russians had advanced from 37 to 62 miles from their jump off points Stalins order was the first men tion of Marshal Zhukov since March 20 when his army took AHclamm near Stettin and appar ently dispelled reports broadcast by the Germans that he had been recalled lo Moscow and displaced Berlin was icing transformed into a ghastly monument to sense less nazi resistance as soviet shells and bombs tumbled buildings into the streets heaping new ruin on that accomplished by past allied aerial blows By official Moscow account 21 of Berlins districts or onesixth of its total area were already in Russian hands The fighting men of Russia were back in Berlin for the first time since they occupied the city in 1760 in the Seven Years war The Germancontrolled Scandi navian telegraph bureau reported soviet tanks and infantry in the heart of the city and told of 3000000 residents crowded so closely in underground shelters they could not be seated The Paris radio reported that soviet troops Jiad reached Unter den Linden and that fierce fight ing was raging around the Bran denburger Tor in the area that once was the center of Berlins of ficial and social life The broad cast attributed its information to a secret German language sta tion Earlier the Paris radio carried an unconfirmed report that for eign workers had seized the Warschauer Bruecke railway sta tion about 217 miles from Unter den Linden This report said for eign workers were battling SS troops in the Zimmerstrasse which runs 10 blocks south ol Unter den Linden and is the site of many of Berlins newspaper plants The Swiss radio chimed in with a report that the Russians were jhline for the great Anhatter railway station about a mile south of the Brandennurgcr Tor Farther southwest other red army troops were reported in the Nen koclln district once a communist center Flames were raging through the Anhalter station the Swiss report said The official soviet war bulletin was more conservative than these accounts but said 18 of Berlins inner districts and 3 outer suburbs were captured and that fighting was m progress in the area of the Berlin belt railway At least 8000 Germans killed in Berlin Sunday and prisoners taken in the past 5 mounted Jo 23000 the Russians said At Elstenverde the Russians ere 34 miles from the American t army at Wurzen on the Mulde river but allied air reconnais said the soviet vanguards had driven another H miles and ri dithe at a point with m 20 males ot the
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