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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 16, 1945, Mason City, Iowa i DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AN OES UOIJVEi i NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH lOWANi NEIGHBORS Paper Consists of Two Section m Press and United Full Leased One Mans Opinion ARadio Commentary by W EARL HALL Monoging Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO City Sunday P KSCJ Sioux City Sunday V WOl WSU1 Wednesday ra Qutocy 111 Friday p m Recognizing the Other Fellows Point of View BOBBY BURNS once wrote a poem about the subject of seeing ourselves as ithers see us The subject still has validity and particularly when consid ered from the angle of interna tional relations on the eve ot a world conference in San Fran cisco which may go a long way to ward determining whether its to be peace or war for the genera tions to come The one greatest certainty thai can be stated in advance is tha the decisions arrived at in tin vastly important parley are go ine to be reached on a giveand take basis It just isnt in Uv cards for the United States o Britain or Russia or any othe nation to come out with the ex act Plan of its desire Perfection ists who expect otherwise are in for a severe disappointment There will be only I bond among the na tions whose delegates will sit down at the conference table That will be the unanimous Jesive on the part of all nations great and small that mass murder called be banished from the earth as the ultimate determiner of in ternational Quarrels All nations great and small know that war is the worst of bad business Beyond that common meeting ground will be a wide and varied assortment of individual problems and selfish interests Powerful na tions will be seeking safeguards ior their power Small nations will be seeking ways in which to i magnify their voice in the future j councils of the world Every chip j will be suspected of having a bug under it j AS AMERICANS all ot us karc j prone to concede that loftiest course our a esriauses But that may not besprobably will not be way ithers see us Weve conveniently that most ol our of it if we consider the land we took Irom the into our YANK RED VANGUARDS JOIN TRUMAN ASKS HELP OF UNITY IN WAR PEACE New U S President Pays High Tribute to Franklin Roosevelt Washington resident Truman called upon the nation for complete unity Monday in whip 3 Columns Close in on Baguio Manila UR Three American Monday on ping the axis into unconditional Tanks Push Forward to Virtually Bisect Reich Paris Aerial vanguards of the American and Russian columns closed in Monday on alTnies their first tactical contact above the Leipzig dtfon comdor Monday barely 40 miles ahead of 2 great 3 miles awav S United States tank armies plowing through the shattered The columns were approaching defenses of central Germany The armies had virtually bi the city former Japanese sected the veich quarters the Philippines from j The Germans rushed troops and tanks from the eastern southwest anaflont and Berlin to oppose the grave threat to their ruined capital 45 miles from the 9th army elements north of Magde burg Three nazi divisions stamped out the original Elbe rivet bridgehead at Magdeburg but another east bank salient at peace In his jurvender and in building a strong I united nations organization for first address to a joint session of to Amen I ca and the world by new president 1 Pledged the United States to continue the fight for freedom until the unconditional surrender of Germany and Japan grand strategy continue un the northwest southeast One force which pushed up 2 Declared the I of the war must PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT IS LAID TO lower casket containing body of Franklin D Roosevelt to the grave during burial service in Hyde Park Sunday Directly behind the soldiers to the left of grave is the Rev George W Anthony who con cluctecr services At left left to right are Brig Gen Elliott Roosevelt Mrs Roosevelt and Mrs Anna Boettiger AP wirephoto Kay en ay engraving Roosevelt Laid to Rest at Hyde Park Hyde Park N Y President Truman looked on with a face frozen in grief Franklin D Roosevelt was committed Sunday to the warm brown earth of his native SOJl v vA Under a cloudless spring sky the body oithelate chief executive was lowered solemnly into a grave in flower garden of hisfamily estate Watching with strained were members the family dig nitaries of government and little llulll lliu 1 i possession by forcible seizure Bull sadfaced groups at plain people t n pmnlnveK nn thenlace and other nations have this in mind when they appraise our present motives from the outside his torical perspective We concede ourselves moral justification for our refusal to as sume a part in the last creat at tempt to insure worlfl peace through the league of nations But those viewing the phenomenon from a detached point of view might place upon our course a different interpretation one not so favorable to the United States In short we must be prepared to understand if others at San Francisco conterence are a little less inclined than we ourselves to ascribe lilywhite motives to our proposals FOR seeing our selves as ithers see us Now CO MUCH we are ready for an equally im portant and even more important that of seeing other nations as they see themselves Here again it makes quite a difference whos looking at who So for n few min utes lets try putting ourselves in the other fellows shoes Whether we like it or our perfectionists certainly do not decisions reached at San Francisco are going to be quite largely if not almost wholly dic tated by the Big States Britain and Russia Theyre the ones Tvno are winning the war Its inescapable that they shall the ticketfor the peace Equal voicefor small nations is a beautiful only that First then lets take a look at the British picture through the eyes of a Britisher T know or think 1 know whats in his mind because not so long ago I talked with more than a few Englishmen employes on theplace and neighbors from the countryside A detail of grey clad cadets from the U S military academy at West Point fired a volley of 3 farewell salutes A bugler played Taps its sweet but still sad notes echoing through the wooded estate Soldiers sailors and marines who had held an American flag over the casket i o 1 d e d it and handed it to Mrs Roosevelt A lew steps to the rear Presi dent Truman stood with dim eyes and lowered head There was a hush Then in that moment supreme grief he squared his shoulders as if to assume com pletely and finally the enormous burden left by the death of Mr Roosevelt Franklin D Roosevelt had lefl his task unfinished but he had blazed for his successor the paths he believed would lead most surely to swift victory at arms and to a world of peace and plenty The garden where Mr Roose velt rests lies between the fam ily home where he was born 63 years ago and the library which j changed and unhampered under the military commanders now in I charge 3 Promised punishment for war I criminals even though we must pursue them to the ends of the earth 4 Pledged his personal support I to the ideals of peace and progress so eloquently proclaimed by j Franklin Hoosevolt and called upon the nation to unite in their I delense a Declared that the great na tions which mustered the force to defeat the fascist conspiracy must continue to cooperate in the responsibility of the great states is lo serve and not dom inate the peoples of the world 6 Appealed for support in building a strong and lasting Marines Push for North Tip of Okinawa Guam of the 3rd I united nations organization at the amphibious corps pushed along the conference foi from the original Lingayen inva sion beachheads reached within 3 miles of the southwestern city limits while a 2nd column drove through Monglo 4 miles northwest of Bagnio and the 3rd contingent advanced beyond L a w i t a n to within 10 miles southeast ot the city In southern Luzon other Amer ican troops seized Cagraray island off the cast coast of Albay gult where the 158th regimental com bat team under the command ol Brig Gen Hanford JIacNider ol Mason City Iowa landed Z weeks ago at Legaspi and since have pushed far up the Bicol peninsula Gen Douglas MacArthur dis closed that bombers and fighters in direct support ot the ground forces throughout the Philippines dropped approximately 400 tons of bombs on Japanese front posi tions Other aerial forces hammered Davao in southeastern Mindanao Thursday and Friday and para lyzed the citys communications with 387 tons of bombs The at tacks were carried out by all types uer the elderly grey bearded rec tor of the presidents Episcopal church at Hyde Park walked across the newly clipped grass to ward the grave Tiie Rev George Anthony was wearing the black and white surplice and stole of the clergy He removed a black velvet skull cap took his position at the lead of the grave toward the west The family followed him Facing the grave was Brig Gen Elliott Roosevelt the second son on the left Mrs Roosevelt her face wan and drawn its pallor contrasting with her black attire was on El liotts right Next to her was the only daughter Anna and her hus band Col John Boettiger m Behind them were the daugh of the boys who all are in service Behim them stood President and Mrs Truman taking an inconspicuous role in a moment in history re served for the dead rather than for the living All that the Father givetli m shall come to me the Rev Mr Anthony said A lone plane circling above al most drowned his words as he dc last 10odd miles toward northern tip or Okinawa lightresistance Monday In southern Okinawa army troops of he 24ih corps beat off Japanese counterattacks and by Tokyo accounts prepared for a fullscale offensive against Xalu capital of the island The army forces have been the the of planes from the far eastern air force which flew more than 250 sorties in the Z days Longrange Liberators continued the blockade of China sea ship ping delivered the first Philip pinesbased blow on the Chinese port of Canton and again hit the battered docks at Hong Kong Lt Col Carl Ekstrand Lyons Nebr a veteran of 90 missions tailed for nearly a week by up varcls of 60000 Japanese troops entrenched in defenses built into ills shielding Naha only a scant RUSSIANS OPEN ATTACK ALONG BERLIN FRONT Push Through Kuestrin Frankiurt Line to Seize New Bridgehead London red army at tacked on a 110mile front cast of Berlin Monday in a general of fensive to capture the devastates nazi capital and link up with al lied armies in the west In the first few hours of the longexpected assault the nail conceded the Russians penetratec the lasfditch nazi defense line be tween Kuestrin and Frankfurt du east of Berlin and seized a vet bridgehead across the Oder mid way between the capital and Stct tin The soviet high command di not confirm the offensive imme diately but the arby was deepened 4 miles within 53 miles of Berlin on IP open Brandenburg plain Some 3000 Germans were sur ndered by their commander in he eastern segment of the sev red Ruhr pockef Correspondent ion Whitehead said there was the strongest possibility that olh sections of the Ruhr pocket ill be liquidated Monday AI cady 146349 German prisoners aye been counted from the Ruhr nd hundreds more were filing to rison cages from the great Indus rial region The British opened an assault n Bremen and moved to within a miles of that port The U S 3rd army besieged the big Sax my center of Chemnitz from the ame distance while the 1st army ightened its grip on Leipzig and cleared the northern 3rd ol Halle of the American I ines American infantry killed 195 Japanese in smashing 3 counter attacks Sunday The enemy troops swarmed down from wellde fended Kakazu ridge 1000 yards inland from the west coast and about 6000 yards north of Naha Some of the enemy troops were armed only with spears but others carried Tommy guns gren ades and explosive charges A Japanese communique said the Americans were making fuli preparations for an offensive in southern Okinawa in spite of pow erful blows sustained under our counteroffensives i to ward a better social order to improve the lot of the common people 8 Asserted America will never forget the sacrifices of the men and women in the armed services The president and Mrs Truman reached the capital at p m and were met by their daughter Mary Margaret They went immediately to the fice of Speaker Ray burn where it president waited for the for al senatehouse committee to es orl him into the house chamber deliver his message i Also in Rayburivs office nthony Eden British foreign linister with whom the president onferred earlier in the day at the irhite house He had invited Eden o hear his speech The 6minutc ride from the vhite house to the capital was iirough streets virtually empty for locks at o stretch The 8car procession included iress cars and those of the secret ervice In one were Ed McKim Omaha Nebr insurance execu famed Jolly group led the Canton force which comprised more than 70 Liberators and Lightnings houses his state papers and the Sifts of a world which recognized him as one of its prcerninent leaders The body had been brought here overnight frbm Washington where a state funeral was held Saturday in the east room of the white house The cabinet supreme court representatives of other lands members senate and house and other high officials in public life accompanied it Removed from a special train alongside the shimmering Hud son just below the hills which clarcd that unto Almighty God we commit his body to the ground earth to earth ashes to ashes dust to dust a stirring in the and Scots in their own homes j swept up lo the estate the casket i was placed on a caisson and A YEAR OR SO AGO doughty j driven slowly along between lines Winston Churchill in a burst of men in uniform standing shffly of candor stated that he didnt alert to honor their late comman aceept his commission as British dermchicf prime minister for the purpose of It was exactly 10 a m There crowd Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord the rector intoned Lord have mercy upon us Christ have mercy upon us Lord have mercy upon us Some 1700 American troops were killed or wounded between last Thursday and Sunday the communique said Other Tokyo broadcasts saic Japanese planes had launched an other larxescale assault on task forces and carrier concentrations around Okinawa at datvn Monday If confirmed it would be th 3rd major Japanese attempt t drive off the American Heel sup porting the Okinawa campaigr The enemy lost 116 Japancsi planes in the first assault April and 118 more April 12 In the north he marines wer driving toward he northern ti of Okinawa against little or n resistance However one isolate enemy proup on Molobu penin sula which juts out of the north west coast of Okinawa was put ting up a stiff fight American troops extended the hold on the Kerama islands south west of Okinawa Saturday wi a landing on Keufu but no de presiding over the licjuidation of his majestys empire Im prepared to say that in voicing such a sen timent he was speaking lor the average Britisher regardless of his political leanings or economic status There Is an all but unanimous recognition on the part of English men Welshmen and Scots that without their more correctly their commonwealth of little country would become just another tittle island off the western coast of Europe Without foreign commerce their land couldnt support the present even at subsistence population level But the story doesnt end here by any means These Britishers refuse to be put on the defensive In their contention that the em pire must bemade to survive They insist that every land where Continued on Page Z when the first gun of a prcsidenj lial salute was fired from a bat tery in the library grounds to the east of the quarteracre garden They boomed at solemnlyspaced intervals An honor guard lining the hem lock hedge around the garden stood at attention A few moments later the dis tant melody of a bugle came to those within the garden A flight of bombers and another of train ing planes droned overhead The beat of muffled drums in slow cadence rolled through the wooded hills above the Hudson In the distance gradually draw ing nearer a band played a tu neral dirge Promptly at the national anthem sounded and as the wheels of the caisson noisily ground the gravel o the roadway the notes of Nearer My God to Thee were played softly i Through a passageway at one cor Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy and colder Monday night and Tues day preceded by strong winds and showers Monday afternoon Lowest llonday night about 28 fowa Partly cloudy and colder Monday night and Tuesday Strong winds ishing Monday night Minnesota Mostly cloudy Monday night and Tuesday with rain or snow north and west portion and showers southeast portion Colder extreme northwest por 5TH ARMY OPENS NEW OFFENSIVE Rome U S 5th army opened a crashing attack in the Italian mountainsbelow Bologna Monday and Gen Mark Vf Clark announced that the allied 15th army groups general spring of fensive now is on Hit them with all you have got and with Gods help will have a decisive and perhaps final victory Clark said in an order first to announce such major so viet no doubt that th supreme push from the east ha begun Marsha Gregory K Zhukov 1st White Russian army threw th main weight of its allout offen sive against the German line fro Wriezen 23 miles northeast Berlin to Fuerstenberg 42 miles southeast nt a m under cov ei of a terrific air and artillery bombardment Grim fighting developed on Berlins frontal defenses nazi ac counts said and soviet forces wedged into the line in at least one front Eighty miles to the west American forces also were driving toward Berlin With the attack the Russians engaged the last sizable organ ized portion of the German army still fighting in the rcich Allied observers believed us many as SO and fought within 2 miles of Des sau 52 miles southwest of Berlin Canadians and Poles reached he North sea within 5 miles of Smden pocketing perhaps 200000 ermans The 1st and 9th army formed another trap in the Harz mountains of 350 square miles Third army troops were 75 miles or so from Russian lines southeast of Berlin and the enemy said that a junction was imminent The German communique said Americans had broken oat into the western section ot Chemnitz but were The American N7th divisions against Nuef nbere crashing to within 8 miles of that nazi citadel and within 160 miles of Hitlers mountain residence at Berclitesgaden nerve center ot he German national redoubt roops nearing Nuernberg were 7 miles from Munich Germany was all but split in 2 JLt Gen George S Pattons Ird army which captured Hof pop a road center 8 miles from the Czech border and G miles from the Skocja muni tions works in Pilsen Farther south the American 7th army beat with 5 divisions to within 8 miles of the nazi citadel of Neurnberg 431000 and the of the day The whole Italian front was ive and a member ol Trumans rtillery division in the first World vav Matt Connellcy his executive assistant as vice president and tenographers from his old capi ol offices A misty fell as the cars traveled down Constilutiovi avc luc Last Saturday the funeral procession oi Franklin D Roose velt had moved up this same ave nue lo the white house Senators Barkley of Kentucky White of Maine and George of Georgia and Representatives Ulc Cormack and Martin of Massa chusetts and Doughlon of North Carolina were on the committee named to escort the president into the chamber Mr Truman spoke at once of the tremendous void left by Mr Roosevelts death and his own grave responsibilities Before him on the floor were assembled his former colleagues in the sen ate and members of the house Speaking only 1 uay alter the ablaze British 8th army forces were beating back the Adriatic wing of the German line Fifth army troops were striking along the approaches of Bologna and to the west were slugging up the Ligurian coast toward La Spezia and its great naval base Clark commander of ail allied forces in Italy issued the follow ing special communique The spring offensive in Mediterranean theater has begun The Sth army started its offensive Monday morninff joining the large scale effort bccun a week ago by the Brilisli Sth army The 5th army attack svas preceded by an allout air bombardment in the mountainous area south of Bolojina Sunday afternoon The U S 15th air force eclipsed all its previous records in the at tack preliminary to the new of fensive It sent 1233 heavy bomb ers lo drop 2374 tons ot bombs on tactical targets south of Bologna The Sth army drive was along side the left vine of the Sth army which nttackcrt last week Polish units of the 8th scored the biggest 1 victory of the campaign by cap German had been waiting on the eastern approaches to Berlin for the soviet offensive The Russians already had hur dled their biggest obstacle on the eastern approaches to Oder river They held as many as S bridgeheads across the 45mile stretch of the river from which the Germans said Mondays offcnsiw was launched The biggest was opposite Hues trin 3B miles east of Berlin on the the i direct superhighway antA trunk railway from Warsaw Kuestrin vas captured by the Russians more Lhan a month ago Ernst von Hammer commenta tor for the official nazi DXB agency said the Soviets attacked along the Oder river front from a point north of Kuestrin 38 miles east of Berlin to one south ol Frankfurt 33 miles east Other nazi broadcasts indicated the offensive got under way be tween Wriezen 23 miles north cast of Berlin and 22 miles north west berg French advanced on the upper Rhine plain and into the Black Forest The western front no longer existed as such in the enemy or ganizational setup Field Marshal Ernst Busch was placed in charge of the northern front guarding Berlin from both the Americans and Russians Field Marshal Al bert KesseSring probably was giv en command of the southern front Even while the Ruhr pocket was being cut in 2 the Poles and Canadians formed a new pocket in the north by plunging to the shores of the North sea and with in 5 miles of the naval base of Einden Up lo last midnight 143 349 Germans had been taken from the Ruhr trap Perhaps 200000 Germans are caught west of the corridor to the North sea More than 550000 of the foe surrendered in the first 14 days of April Some 87779 streamed to prison cages Satur of Kuestrin and Fuoralen 42 miles southeast of Ber lin and IS miles south of Frank burial of Franklin tails of the invasion were avail ulc lo his able According lo reports so far J J available Hammer said the soilesm victs were halted by violent Ger man barrage fire in all sectors day and 57187 were captured the day before Great and important cities fell Among these were the blackened industrial ruins of Wuppertal in the Rulir Germanys Ifith largest city Hagcn 151870 fell The Wagncrian music al city of Bayreuth the communications center of Bambcrg 57000 which is linked tion Monday night Colder south portion Tuesday Strong winds Monday night IN tMASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Saturday 48 Minimum Saturday 35 Maximum Sunday 48 Minimum Sunday 36 At 8 a m Monday 47 Precipitation 75 inches YEAR AGO Maximum S2 Minimum 28 Precipitation 05 Snow 2 inch Search for Clue to Airlines Plane Crash Morgantown W Va r a I and county authorities searched the wreckage of Penn sylvania Central Airlines plane Monday for a clue lo the cause of the crash which killed 17 pas sengers and 3 crew members The 20 bodies most of them burned beyond recognition were recovered Sunday night by a search party which trudged 3 miles up the side of Cheat moun tains 8 miles northeast of here to reach the smouldering wreck age reports showed that Capl Pilot Harold Jones 52 Nor folk Va had apparently tried to pull the nose of the big ship up as it plowed into the mountain 100 feet from the crest The weather was described as normal nil i Imola strategic transport i v center on the trunk railway 22 hS at Bo1on i with tteSypUw of upon us d nter responsibilities he said XVe j ian Atflhorities ssid there local penetration Simultaneous with the must carry on Our devoted leader never looked backward He looked for ward and moved forward That is what he would want us lo do is what America will do Sir Truman went to the capi ol after 2 early morning confer ences on international affairs The first was with Secretary of Stale Stettinius the 2nd with Stctlinius British Foreign Secre tary Anthony Eden and Lord Halifax the British ambassador Long before the president ar rived at the capitol and secret servicemen placed a care ful guard about the building Only holders ot special cards of admission were allowed in the house gallery where the joint session was held i amonic other prizes v ciirf rivor onio The Dutch cities ot Lceuwarden vas no sign that they intended to 53537 and ZwoHe 43134 and ts iron foundanes were seized give up an inch of Italian soil Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boj Complete International Telephone Exchange for San Francisco Meeting San Francisco worlds first international telephone ex change was completed Sunday night in the basement of the vet erans memorial building site ot the world security conference which opens here April 25 Operators speaking all united nations languages will man the exchange termed by Pacific Tele phone Telegraph company of ficials one of our biggest jobs Overseas and national calls will be answered with the salutation morning major attacks in the Forst area 60 miles southeast ot Berlin 14 miles east of the junction city of Cottbus and 90 miles from Ameri can first army spearheads The attacks were repelled Hammer said Still another soviet attack opened Sunday in upper Silesia hu reported Seven rifle divisions possibly 105000 men numer ous tank forces hit the German lines southeast and southwest of Ratibor in an assault apparently aimed at the Czechoslovak indus trial city of Moravska Ostrava gateway to the Moravian pass he said First reports showed 39 soviet tanks knocked out of action Ham mer said Buy your War Stamps from your carrier boy Bonds and Veustadt and Stendal fell The great cities of Leipzig 3remen Chemnitz Halle and Dessau all were besieged Fighting progressed inside Magdeburg reeningen Apeldoorn Uelzen and Royan the latter entered by en Jacques Le Clercs famous second armored division which was attempting to clear the Gironde Estuary and open the waterfront of Bordcau to sea traf fic Patlons troops were within three mVlcs west and northwest ol the big Saxony center of Chemnitz 334563 and within 87 miles of the Czechoslovak capital of Prague The French were nine miles or less from Stuttgart The British passed the Allcr river to GlobeGazette I within 42 miles of outflanked Hamburg 1682000 Germanys
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