Wednesday, April 4, 1945

Mason City Globe Gazette

Location: Mason City, Iowa

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 4, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL LI Associated Press Mid United INSIDE WASHINGTON Senate Suspension of Lendlease for Month By HELEN ESSARY Central Press Columnist Senate of th United States is likely to strike an international blow shortly tha willastound old friends and neighbors It will be a blow struck solely in the interests of the Unit ed States A nice and unaccus tomed note on which to begin th spring season The Senate of the United States may soon call for the suspenslo of lendlease and other philan thropic arrangements until alte the peace conference in Sau Fran isco scheduled for April 25 If lendlease and similar dis bursements including the billion signed up by the Bretton Wood agreement are stopped immedi ately there will follow a month pause in the scattering of your re sources and mine This month wi give the country and its leader time to think over our food am money and general supply situa tion When the conferees meet at San Francisco it is assumed that sus pension or no suspension ther will be discussion of lendleas and its string of rich and poor re lations Much more likely will the dis cussion be an honest one if ther has been time previous to th conference for the government t clear the confusion in its own minds and in the minds of the people whose interests it is sup posed to protect Otherwise th delegates may carry their presen uncertainty lo the meeting Each delegate should know hov and why and where we stand in this business of arming financing clothing and feeding most of th world It is not positive yet tha the senate will have the nerve t demand a halt in lendlease However certain influentia members cf the high legislativ body areworking to bring abou such a stoppage These gentlemen feel it is indeed time that we tak stock of our own resources ant needs They believe the country would welcome the inquiry that a suspension of lendlease woul permit They think a majority of th Senators may askfor the tem porary halt J Sounds like an excellent plan to me Should have been started lone ago Certainly it is none too soon to find out whether or not our exuberant giving is simple souan deringBefore wetake on other commitments in San Francisco we should certainly be told the truth abont what we have and whether or not it is truly dangerous to continue to give and give And Hurrah Lets give some more Ive had an uncomfortable feel ing about our country lately Ive felt as if we were standing on an uncertain beach As if the waves were rushing in Beating at us And the pull of the tide were the sand out from under our feet As if there we were standing alone With not enough strength to combat the power o the sea Helpless when we hac thought we were so brave Not a cheery prospect ahead of us The food shortage simply doesnt make sense to me Never has I cant understand stock piles abroad I cant understand why Canada has had no meat ra tioning for the past year until recently I cant understand why the in dividual housekeeper has to strug gle for strange hunks of strange animals when hotels cafes and banquet managers can produce such quantities of rationed meal that often the leftover on parly plates would provide what used to be known home Perhaps as a square meal at we had tetter work out that idea I suggested once be fore Get a little oilskin bag to carry when you are eating in hig dining rooms Slide therein the i bits yon havent an appetite for at the moment Therell come the time some day when you wish you had them in the soup kettle Dont misunderstand Im not complaining about fair rationing Doing without a few delicacies here and there is surely a small sacrifice for the stayathome to make do complain because the country is not told why such rationing is necessary and I do worry that we are being kept in the dark about this and many other projects into which we are being led CONFIRM VINSON AS WMC CHIEF Washington M Vin son was confirmed by the senate Wednesday as director of war mobilization and reconversion succeeding James F Byrnes re signed Approval came by a voice vote without a dissent The Kentuckian elevated swift ly from stabilization director to federal loan agent to mobilization chief had been approved unani mously for the new assignment an hour earlier by the senate I finance committee OF ARCHIVES KOIKES IA MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY APRIL 4 1945 ALLIES REACH RIVER FRONTS nrnc nanninr REDS CAPTURE SLOVAKIA CITY OF BRATISLAVA Open Vienna Siege as Rumors Spread of Civil War in Capital London UR The red army smashed into the outskirts Vienna Wednesday and wore reached Stockholm that civil war had broken out in the Austrian capital Marshal Stalin announcec the capture of Bratislava Russian siege forces were storming the barricades of Vienna The German high command con ceded that other soviet flanking forces had pushed bejond Baden 12 miles south of the capital seal ing off the city from the south A German military spokesman said at least 2 strong soviet armies had been thrown into the offen sive against Vienna and the Slo vakian capital of Bratislava 30 miles to the east Stockholm reports said fighting was going on in the heart of Vien na after a rebellion against the German garrison which now was being assaulted from both front and rear The reports said the nazis were throwing up barricades in the streets A BBC broadcast said the Rus sians already can see fires burn ing in the center of Vienna Ger man broadcasts said soviet bomb ers and fighters were flying over Vienna The official Russian army organ Red Star said Marshal Feodor I Tolbukhins third Ukrainian army group punched into the outer city limits of Vienna from Velm 6 miles to the south The second Ukrainian army group under Marshal Kodiou 1C 91 a 11 n o v s k y was approaching Bract2fr miles of Vi enna after crashing through the Bratislava gap in a companion advance Red Star said Malinovskys forces also fighting in the outskirts of Brat islava itself capital of the Ger man puppet state of Slovakia and 30 miles east of Vienna The third army group closed in on Vienna from the south and southeast along a 25 mile front after toppling Wiener Neustadt one of Germanys biggest aircraft manufacturing centers 21 miles below the Austrian capital Driving on to the nortl out pause Tolbukhins forces th wilh Tuesday seized Moellersdorf 8 miles southeast of Vienna and then Velm for an overall advance of 21 miles in 2 days Velm lies 3 miles inside the greater Vienna district delineated bv Germany after the 1938 Anschluss The advance also won control of a 32 mile stretch of the Vienna Venice railway thus splitting the German front in southern Europe The 3rd army group virtually completed the conquest of the west side of Lake Neusiedler main defense barrier southeast of Vienna with the capture of Don nerskirchen 10 miles southeast of Velm Malinovskys reported push to the approaches to Bruck carried entirely through the Bratislava gap between the Danube river and Lake Neusiedler and dceplv out flanked Bratislava itself 17 miles northeast o Bvuck Parndorf 3 miles southeast of Bruck and Kittsee 4 miles south west of Bratislava were captured by the 2nd army group Tuesday in advances ofup to 21 miles in 24 hours In a frontal advance Malinov skys troops captured Prievoz only 2 miles east of the center of Bratislava Other units captured Svatyjur 8 miles northeast and reached the small Carpathian barrier on a 20 mile The fall of Vienna a city of nearly 2000000 would batter down the back dpor to Germany and Czechoslovakia and lay open the Austrian and Bavarian where the Germans have been re ported planning a last omushing soviet troops and tanks Says West last FrontsWill Meet Within 10 Days London Rosen nan special envoy for President Roosevelt said Wednesday that He believed allied armies of the vest and the red army from the ast will link up inside Germany in a week or 10 days Rosenman emphasized in an n erview that the prediction was is own personal and casual pinion He has just returned rom a visit to the western front ncluding Cologne He said he found everything vas going excellently 3rd Pushes on Plains 140 Miles From Berlin reached the Weser and Ems through bedraggled German lines sea ami 38 th Yanks Near 2 Jap Airfields in Push on Okinawa Capital Nazis Report New Landing Guam armt co Japanese airfields and VlesTLTS the island A German DNB dispatch from Tokyo said American troops made a new landing on Okinawa Tues day south bl the original beach head Itesfetauce was n e Eligible as the greatest invasion ol the Pa cific war went into its 4th day only 362 miles southwest of Japan but the enemy garrison of 60000 may make its first stand in the next few hours along a line across the narrow isthmus just north of the airfields A Japanese communique re corded by the FCC admitted that American forces had reached the east coast of Okinawa and claimed that 6 more transports a battle ship and 4 cruisers had been sunk in the invasion armada An addi tionaldestroyer and an unidenti fied ship were listed as damaged The 7th infantry division seized nearly 7 miles of the east coast m a drive along the Nakagusuku flay naval anchorage Tuesday to Kuba 4 miles north of the un completed Yonabaru airfield Another army division smash indoivn the west coast against moderate apposition reached Chi yunna 4 miles north of Machinata airfield and 6 miles north of Naha a city of 65000 farther by the Americans on the first day of the invasion and already were in Knudson Asks Survey of Conditions in Iowa State Hospitals Homes Des Moines of a 5member study group to make a survey of conditions at state hos pitals and county homes was pro UMW OPERATORS north were captured operation The army forces were under IfiIn t UJIUtit advance at all possible break mountain front h rea through the narrow isthmus sep anuing the southcentral bulge of the island from the southern bulge n whch is situated Keep on driving ahead Maj en John R Hodge command g general of he 24th army corps told his field commanders still Japs Je end of the front Maj Gen Roy S Geigers 3rd ma rine amphibious corps also slashed across the island to the east coast in advances of up io marines reached miles the east coast near the Katchin peninsula northern arm of Nakasosuku bay and sealed off that narrow jut of land The thrust completed a 2nd steel band across the southern 3rd of the island The entire Japanese garrison was believed concentrated in the souihern bulge of Okinawa sur rounding Naha for a fight to the aeatn while a majoritv Of the islands 435000 civiliansprobably No Signs Seen of Breaking Deadlock Washington coal contract negotiations snagged again Wednesday with no signs that the operators and united mine workers would reach agree ment before the Saturday dead T set fay the war labor board The negotiations were sched uled to continue Wednesday but there was none of the opti mism for agreement that pre the 2 parlies con cluded their last full session on Monday Some of the operators were re ported to feel that further nego tiations were useless They were said lo be concerned over the ret roactive payments involved and man M Knudson R Mason His proposal was contained in an amendment filed to a house bill appropriating for provided that no portion of that amount be made available until the study group had reported its findings The group composed of 2 sena tors 2 representatives and a member named by the governor would make a written report of its recommendations to the gov ernor before March 1 1946 and report to the next legislature in the early days of the 1947 session Knudson asked that S10000 be appropriated from the general fund for the survey WLB inter to favor immediate vention Operators have estimated that he concessions for which President John L Lewis is willing to settle will cost a month They figure the retroac tive pay is mounting at the rate of a day if Lewis should win WLB approval of those Issues recommended by Secretary of Labor Frances Perkins as abasis for settlement of the dispute WOMAN DIES OF CRASH INJURIES Mrs Maurice Noonan Eagle Grove Killed Eagle Maurice Noonan was killed and her hus band Eagle Grove jeweler bad ly injured when their car col lided with a truck south of Fari bault Minn at p m Tues Noonan died in a hospi tnl at Faribault at 11 p m Tues day Mr Noonan suffered a broken The WLB meanwhile entered i bone and was unconscious ot lhc Dispute as a i until Wednesday PUSH WITHIN 30 MILES OF BORNEO Yanks Break Beachhead to Take Jap Naval Base Manila assault forces outflanked the Sulu archi pelago Wednesday with a 200 mile amphibious hop that felled 2 more islands and carried within 30 miles of the great oil and rubber fenter of Borneo Pushinr out from the Zambo anga beachhead on southwestern Mindanao units of JWaj Gen Jens A Does division swept a round the Sulu archipelago and seized the southernmost islands of San gasanga and Bongao to gain con trol of the former Japanese naval base in the Tawi Tawi group The 2 islands off the south western tip of Tawi Tawi island were the 33rd and 34th in the Philippines invaded by Gen Doug las MacArthurs American fon Mac oops mmuniaue saiil the landings following saturation air attacks for the past 2 weeks and naval bombardment were made with little loss There was no serious opposition Filipino guerrillas already were operating on Sangisanga and Bongao when the American U landed and both islands v quickly secured together with Songasangas 3000 foot airstrip The amphibious hop represented a 180 mile advance from Basilan island between Zamboanga and the northern tip of fhe Sulu archi pelago in the southeastern Philip pines It also virtually cut off the Japanese main archipelago posi tion at Jolo 100 miles northeast nt Sangasansa In the center the 3rd army burst out into the rolling irinRian p am m the heart of Germany and the battle ground ot middle Europe WO miles from Berlin and SS from Chechoslovakia And in the south the 7th army flanking the BlaekForest moved within 34 miles of the nazi congress city of Nuernberg w h i 1 e the French burst into Karlsruhe capital of Baden The cities of Muenster Osna brucck F u 1 d a Aschaffcnburg Siescn Kruclisui and Kassel were captured W u c r z b u r g Gotha Hamm Wuerzbach Engelo and Zulphen were stormed and falline Iowa Digs Way Out of Bad Storm North Iowa was digging its way out of snowdrifts Wednesday aft ernoon following the worst storm of the storm which par alyzed traffic on the highways and brought to a sudden stop all early April work in the fields Strong winds throughout t h e day caused roads to fill in almost as fast as the plows could dig through the drifts By noon Wed nesday cars were traveling over the streets of the city but the go ing was rough Although the Mason City Motor Coach company was giviujr pas senger service throughout the city one bus was stalled In the Central Heights area and there were sections where the buses were unable to operate The highway between Mason City and Clear Lake was not open yet Wednesday afternoonbut Highway 65 to the south as far as the county line was open to travel according to the Iowa Stale High way commission Roads to the north and west o Mason City ap peared to be blocked more than to the south and east The Jefferson Transportation Lines sent out buses at noon south and cast but held the north bound bus until communication could be obtained with Owaton na One bus came in from the south Wednesday forenoon much overdue but the bus from the north had not come through Traveling was reported fairly good south of Iowa Falls Snonranging un to 16 inches made it one of the most severe storms ever to hit North Iowa during the sprinir season blockiiiR roads anit closing schools in many sections of northwest Iowa Sixteen inches of snow was re ported at Humboldt and 15 inches at Garner CAA officials in Mason City reported 12 inches The snow All North sea ports and naval bases were menaced The British 2nd army strong in armor was racing toward the North Sea so swiftly that Field Marshal Montgomery again im posecl a partial security blackout to confuse 90QOO or less Germans he hopes to trap in Holland The Canadians directly menaced Arn hcm and moved within less than 20 miles of the Zuider Zee form ing a trap within the larger trap and threatening hourly to inter dict the Vbomb coast from which the nazis bombard England The British reached the Ems 45 miles northwest of Osnabrucck city where the main roads to Holland and north rom the Ruhr converge The American 9th army reached the Weser and imposed the threat to Hannover tied to all north Germany by railroads The Weser and Elbe arc the last large streams on the high road to Ber lin With the 1st army the 9th compressed the annihilation pock et in the Ruhr to a perimeter oE 190 miles Field Marshal Albert Kessclring and up to 150000 doomed German troops were re ported caught in the encirclement All German efforts to break the ring were frustrated U Gen William H Simpsons Mi armored division reached tnc Weser at Bad Ocynhausen I8t miles from Berlin 57 south of Bremen and 103 southwest of Hamburg A battalion of engi neers rode along to bridge the river The north German towns of Salzuflon Dicnhidc and Hol liiidc were canturcd on the way The Germans said the Cana dians liad crossed the Waal Rhine presumably at Arnheni in a drive toward tJie Zuider than 20 miles from Gen Henry Crerars began Tuesday nncl continued during the night Although it has stopped snowing in the vicinity of Mason City by afternoon Wed nesday drifts were continuing to form The Wenlher Bureau a Moines forecast clearing and cold er weather for Iowa Wednesday night however with a hard freeze and diminishing winds Minimum temperatures were expected to range from 15 above in Ihe north west to 25 above in the southeast The snow covered an area north and west lo Fargo NT Oak and south to DCS Moincs OmahaSioux vanguards The Luxembourg radio assert ed that German divisions were bettifr shifted from the Russian to the disintegrating western front The 3th army was said to have encountered the SS Viking Dcs nunzcr division which arrived without tanks The French 1st army entered Karlsruhe capital of Baden and an important communications and industrial center of 189000 near the upper Rhine The Germans said that Ameri can artillery was within range of the north German city of Det mold 47 miles southwest of Han result of work stoppages at mines the American Rolling Mill com pany Montcoal W Va The board directed Lews to order the men back to their jobs The company told the WLB that the men have decided it is wrong to work with out a new contract The old con tract expired Saturday but was extended until through April to permit further negotiations The WLB kept ciose watch on the return of miners elsewhere in the soft coal fields ivhere produc tion Tuesday was only 60 per cent of normal Solid fuels administra tion expected output to reach 80 per cent Wednesday and return to full capacity by Thursday SFA producers and the UMW blamed the drop in production on the Easier weekend aftermath1 and slow delivery of telegrams from Lewis directing the miners to work through April under the Mason it was reported he was favorable progress Mr and Mrs Noonan Paul The landing on lie 2 islands Falls and Sioux City reported over the Americans iioisccl the 2nd henvy snow and snou was slill Combined blows by the Island I at Borneo iicrliaps the j falliiiK at Rochester Minneapolis 9th closed down Ihe pe of he southwest Pacific and St Paul nniclor of tile Ruhr trap to 190 i islands in vital oil and rubber rej Most highways in Ccrro Gordo miles nml Gei Omar N Brad sources county were blocked including I lcys raised the esli vprp rf t t t i including I lere thcv i southern tip of the Sulus Highway 65 The Jefferson Trans took their daughter Annabel to Mf5cArthu4rs prces were only 4SO I portalion company reported its bus school 0 miles north of the big oil center from the south arrived around Mrs Noonan leaves 3 u children Cpl Dick ttoonan military training in Tennessee Capt Maurice Noonan jr in Florida and James Noonan at home The 2 soldier sons are now on their way home around of Ballk already the tar a m and remained in Mason oiner get for numerous American air City attacks Borneo also was threatened by other U S troops which seized On route 18 between Mason City and Clear Lake 6 cars were mate on doomed German troops in the annihilation zone to be tween 120000 and 150000 Little more than the width of Indiana separafed It Gen George S Pattons 3rd army from Rus sian front lines The forces were control of Palawan island in snow at the curve by the munici reported stalled in high drifts of jlast reported 160 miles apart Mary Jane 16 was I killed in 1932 in a similar accident southwestern Philippines 180 miles j Pal airport The county engineer east of Eagle Grove i Wednesday night Mrs Noonan was to Eagle Grove I Weather Report old contract FORECAST City Clear and coast was being slowed bv the necessity of brijKine deep ravines J he Japanese Mew up 3 bridges within a space of a few miles and army engineers were throwinjr prefabricated Bailey bridges acros tne ravines under enemy mortar and small arms fire Big guns of the 1400ship in vasion armada joined some 1500 carrier planes in supporting the ground forces with an aroundthe clock bombardment of Naha and other strong points on Okinawa macyj BerryChaplin Case to Court Again as well as on other Japanese islands in the Hyukyu chain Buy Hollywood UR Joan Berrys paternity suit against Comedian Charlie Chaplin begins a return engagement in superior court Wednesday Selection of a judge and jury to hear a rehash of Chaplins ro mance with his onetime protege was expected to take the rest of the week with actual testimony starting early next week Miss Berrys current attempt to prove that the 56 year old come dian fathered her 18 months old daughter marks the 3rd time that colder Wednesday night with dimin ishing winds Lowest tempera ture about IB Thursday partly cloudy and cold Iowa Clearing and colder Wed nesday night with hard freeze and diminishing winds Thurs day partly cloudy not so cold m northwest portion Minnesota Clearing Wednesday night Thursday fair and a lit the northwestern tip of the ordered the show plows out at 7 a m Wednesday and they re mained out throughout the day School was called off for the day at Central Heights because of rrWinds late Wednesday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statistics Maximum Tuesday 30 Minimum Tuesday 25 At 8 a m Wednesday 25 Snowfall inches YEAR AGO Maximum 35 Minimum 31 BOMBERS STRIKE NAZI SUB BASES Hit Kiel Hamburg Nearby Airfields London forces of American heavy bombers with an escort of more than 850 fighters Wednesday struck the German submarine bases of Kiel and Hamburg and nearby airfields for the 2nd straight day U S strategic air forces head quarters said the attack was made in very great strength Some 750 Flying Fortresses with an escort of more than 650 Mus tangs attacked submarine build ing yards at Kiel Tuesday Re turning pilots said they saw their bombs burst among ships at the waterfront About 30 other vessels headed out to sea like mad to escape the bombs the pilots said One bomber and 3 fighters were lost in Tuesdays attack difficulty of transportation Trains had not experienced too much difficulty The morning trains from the cast on the Mil waukee were only a few minutes late Snow was encounlcred be tween Marmiette and Mason City only light rain falling cast of the river Other trains were running from a few minutes to an hour late but no ticups were reported Pedestrians found walking dif ficult because of the heavy wet Enow with few walks cleared Stettinius to Talk on Foreign Policy Chicago of State Edward R Stettinius Jr will dis cuss Americas foreign economic policy as it affects the establish ment of machinery for world peace at a meeting of the Chicago Coun cil of Foreign Relations Wednes day night His address will be broadcast over the coasttocoast facilities of the Mutual BroadcSUng Astern nearly a day ago The Canadian 1st army forging a trap within a trap on the Ger mans once estimated at 90000 in Holland advanced to within less than 20 miles of the Zuider Zee and cut more communications to the rocket coast of the Nether lands from which the nazis have bombarded England Important cities fell olhcrs were falling olhcrs were immin ently menaced Imporlant cilics taken included Muenster capital of Westphalia and a burnedout old cathedral town The communications center of 143748 fell to the U S 17th airborne division and he British Gth guards lank brigade Osnabrucck a communicalions center of 100000 some 60 miles southwest of Bremen toppled to the British llth armored division which drove 8 miles north of the city Allied troops stormed into Wucrzburg Heilbronn Hamm Kassel Gotha 48000 and the Dutch city of Hengelo Bielefeld Eisenach and all the Krcat industrial cities of the Ruhr were bypassed and marked for conquest in detail at the decision of Gen Eisenhowers 9 armies Showers drenched the front giving the Germans in Holland