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Mason City Globe Gazette Newspaper Archive: March 31, 1945 - Page 1

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Publication: Mason City Globe Gazette

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   Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 31, 1945, Mason City, Iowa                                NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOLU INSIDE WASHINGTON Frisco Nations Conference Homecoming tor So Bloom Central Press Capital Staff San Francis co United Nations conference will be a homecoming tor Represen tative Sol Bloom D of New York who at 75 years of age is one of the most active members ot congress Bloom chairman of the house foreign affairs committee cele brated his 75tb birthday a few days ago And how he is looking forward to his first visit to San Francisco in 30 years as one of the congres sional delegates to the interna tional conference Sol roamed the streets there as a boy and boasts that he is probably the only man in the country who can recite the newsboys cry of that earlier day when there was something like 9 newspapers competing in the Gol den Gate city HISTOKV ANO 018 KOINES IA LIOWA SATURDAY MAKCU 31 1945 Associated Press and United PKJ Full LeMed Wires With the Captureof more than 1000000 Germans by the allied forces in western Europe since D Eay military observers credit a major part ol this leat to Gen Ewight D Eisenhowers ability to speak German Since the Normandy invasion affable diplomatic Ike Eisen hower has gone on the radio pe riodically to ask the German peo ple in their own language to give up because they cannot win and by continuing lighting they are only prolonging heir own misery Washington military quarters feel that although Eisenhower has only directed his surrender ap peals to German officers recently many enemy soldiers and officials have decided to give up rather than go on fighting The United States Has Under part of its lendlease rehabilitate 2 for eign and French In aiding the Chinese the American government has started from scratch for 8 years of war Japan has seen the Chinese navy virtually disappear It has undertaken the task ot training 1000 Chinese to serve as the mic Smk 18 Jap Ships in Ryukyas Raid NIMITZ SAYS PLANES OVER OKINAWA AGAIN lens of a navy new postwar Chinese The French navyis still formid able despite the ravages of more than 5 years of war but must be ljef ore become Some expended furnishing en tire clothing requirements of the French navy VE Day Will Bring a show down between the AFL and the CIO over continuation of govern ment wage controls The older more established AFt wants to do away with gov ernment handling of labor rela tions and permit a resumption of free collective bargaining when Germany goes down Federation spokesmen claim however that the CIO has shown its intention to take an opposite stand They insist their rivals de sire continued government support in settling disputes and making wage contracts If the Office of Price Adminis tration is successful in its efforts to get authority to do something about the rising prices of real es and urban it may mean money in your pocket OPA Boss Chester Bowles says his agency Is alarmed about a jump of 40 itt 60 per cent in real estate costs during wartime and from other government sources have come figures indicating that these prices have doubled in some sections Anyway Bowles says it is a se rious situation which is putting pressure on the whole price con trol structure and should be brought under control It has not been decided just how the job would be done although it could be through taxation on excess real estate profits drying up credit which would cut down compeli live bidding or outright arbitrary I control 1 Men Injured by Eckels in Outbreak rf Hollywood Strike Hollywood olice reported at 8 property men at Paramount tudio were injured 2 of them einously enough to be hospital ized Friday night in the most ser disturbance of Ihe 19dayold notion picture strike Officers said Hay H Webb 44 nd his brother W H Webb 59 both studio prop makers were realcd at Hollywood receiving lospital for lacerations and bruises incurred in a fight near the studio 1 Police said that W E Frederik feen 48 of Venice and Anthony E chiavone 28 were arrested on attery charges Officers reported hat Frederiksen Schiavone and lother pickets all members of the union were engaged Im a fight with the Webb brothers land 6 other prop men who were J leaving the studio Some 2400 carpenters are sup porting the strike called by the ftFL conference of studio unions Contending for jurisdiction over Til set decorators are the Inter national alliance of theatrical f tage employes and the painters n affiliated with the CSU Heavy Shelling of Island Made at Close Range by task Force Guam task forces ot the U S Pacific fleet sank 18 Japanese ships probably sank 14 and damaged 15 near Okinawa is land and Kyushu March 28 and 29 Adm Chester W Nimitz an nounced Saturday Battleships and light units of the Pacific fleet meanwhile blast ed at shore installations on Okin awa as carrier planes hit the main island of the Ryukyus again Sat urday Nimitz said Besides the 47 enemy ships sunk or damaged 29 aircraft were shot out of the air 16 were destroyed on the ground and 42 damaged or destroyed on the ground Twelve American planes and 6 pilots were lost in combat during the same period Nimitz said the heavy shelling of Okinawa Friday was made at close range Seawalls were breached by gunfire and defensive gun posi tions airfields and bridges were heavily hit he said Fleet surface units on March 27 and 28 also bombarded tiny Min amt Daito island 300 miles east of Okinawa and outside the Rjukyu chain which guards the ap proaches to Japan Formosa and the China coast Nimitz reported that a carrier of the British Pacific fieistjucfc attargets in the Saka shimagroup of the soutnem Hyukyus less than 300 miles east of Formosa Meanwhile a strong force of BZ9s blasted targets and airfields on Kyushu Japans southermost island Tokyo said an invasion of Okinawa appeared imminent Battleship and other warships were hurling ton after ton of shells into Okinawa a naval and air base island midway between Japan and Formosa for the 9th straight day a Japanese commu nique said The Marianasbased Superfort resses struck Kyushu southern most of the Japanese home is lands between 10 a m and noon Tokyo 11 concentrating mainly on airfields and airfield installations the Tokyo Domci agency said The raid was the 3rd in less than 24 hours on Japan by the giant B29s A small force at tacked the aircraft center of Na goya in daylight Friday and Tokyo said part of the formation also swung west to bomb the Kure naval base Still another formation dropped fire bombs on Japans inland sea and adjacent Bungo straight areas between and a m Sat urday Tokyo reported Bungo Straight lies between Kyushu and Shikoku The B29 raids presumably were designed to smash or tie down Japanese planes and warships which otherwise might try to slip out of the homeland to attack the huge naval task forces otf Okin va It Is believed that the raids by B29s will be further intensified against Kyushu to support the en emy attempt against Okin awa radio Tokyo said A Japanese imperial headquar ters communique reported that the naval bombardment of Okin awa midway between Japan and Formosa In the Ryukyu island chain was continuing on furi ously Carrier planes from the fleet estimated variously bv the Japa nese at from 200 to 2000 ships of all categories broke off their at tack Friday night houcvef the communique said Bad weather may have interfered with aid op erations A Pacific fleet headquarters communique confirmed that the air and sea bombardment of the Ryukyus still was continuing Fri day and reported that 17 counter attacking Japanese planes were destroyed by the guns of the ileet Wednesday and Thursday NAVY CROSS Squantum Mass Cmdr Robert A Kennard Des Moines was presented the navy cross at a mass ceremony here Friday at nn 11 U S Rejects Red Demand for Poland The United States has rejected a Russian re quest that the sovietsponsored Warsaw government of Poland be invited to the San Francisco con ference at this time The American position Is based on the hope that it will be possible to have Poland represented at the meeting by a reorganized govern ment which the big 3 in the Yalta meeting agreed to create Information on tne American position came from a stale de partment official Saturday after noon following a Tass news agency announcement from Mos fow that the Russian government wanted Warsaw represented at ban Francisco and also following reports from London that the British had declined to accent the Russian request The stale department official refused to be quoted directly but save this description of the situa tion in response to inquiries It is the hope of the United States government that the forma tion of the new provisional Polish government of national unity in conformity with the decisions of the Crimea conference will be completed in time to send a dele gation to the San Francisco con ference In view of the current consul tations respecting the formation of this new government reorganized on a broader democratic basis with the inclusion of democratic leaders from outside Poland it self and from Poland abroad in accordance with he Crimean agreement the United States gov ernment does not agree to the ex tension of an invitation to the present provisional government naw functioning at Warsaw i The anonymous ifeie merit official would make no fur ther explanation of the situation but it was learned that the soviet government had presented to the United States and Britain a state ment of its support of the Warsaw governments demands for an in vitation and that the United States had informed Russia of its atti tude in a communication follow ing the lines of Saturdays com ment by the official Russia whose move lo obtain 3 votes at the San Francisco meet ing also posed a touchy question had urged an early reply by the United States and Britain on the matter of Polish representation Bernard HI Baruchspecial rep resentative of President Roosevelt and V S Ambassador John G Wi nant conferred Saturday with Prime Minister Churchill Although the nature of their discussions remained unannounced it appeared inevitable the question would be raised concerning Rus sias demand on Polish representa nW drives into Ger ss these thrusts into the army fought near Heidelberg Red Army Captures Raribor in Drive for Moravian Gap Push 50 Miles From Vienna Stalin 9tmylat CaPtUred tion Another subject probably on which 29 of the navys 21st air group who participated in Pacific actions received high military dec orations Buy your War Bonds and Mamps from your GiobcGazettc earner boy the agenda was the control and economic future of Germany For the third successive day there was an abnormal floxv of government communications be tween Washington and London most of them from Washington A statement by the Russian news agency TASS said that it re organization of the Polish govern ment was not effected or com pleted in the nearest future rep resentatives ol the provisional government in Warsaw should be invited to the San Francisco con ference Both the Warsaw regime and the Polish government in exile here have bid for seals at San Francisco The broadcast made no refer ence to the London group declar ing that the soviet government also informed the governments of Great Britain and China that it fully supported the statement of the provisional Polish govern ment and expected Poland would be given a chance to take part in the San Francisco conference y v IEUU4 16 miles from Morsvska Os trava which controls the northern approach to the Moravian gap The new offensive drive posed another threat to Vienna Other red army troops moving into Aus tria 52 miles frpm Vienna rammed into reinforced German lines and farther to the northeast stepped BULLETIN London Feodor 1 Tolbukhius troops have smashed to the HungarianAustrian fron tier 38 miles east of Graz captur ing Szentgotthard Marshal Stalin announced Saturday night up an assault toward the Bratis lava gate which already had car ried to within 14 miles of the Aus trian capital Biskau also was captured Like Ratibor this place was described as a large communications cen ter and enemy strongpoinf on the left bank of the Oder The flag of the Polish state was raised over Danzig after a gruelling siege that cost the Ger mans more than 49001 killed or captured in the former free port Raising of the Polish banner over the port indicated recognition by the Russians of Polish claims to this European political caiildron The combined forces of 2 great Urgets o a soviet armies were driving westFridav ward through Hungary along the north and south banks of the Danube river in a direct assault on Vienna which Friday rever berated to attacks by heavy bombers of the Ilalybased TJS 15th air force The Americans also bombed Graz in Austria 55 miles west ot the advancing Russians On the Danubes north bank Marshal Rodion Y Malinovskys 2nd Ukrainian army sprang for ward from the Hron river in a 31mie advance that reached Viennas Nitra river defense tine along a 70mile front 2500 PLANES HIT INDUSTRIES RAF 8th Air Force Rip German Cities London huge aerial ar mada of at least 2500 American and British planes rocked some of Germanys biggest industrial cities Saturday in1 a shattering blow on the faltering reich The heavy assaults by the U S Eighth air forcc and the KAF bomber command lashed prime in dustrial targets as close as 30 miles to Berlin and ripped through the nazi submarine yards at Hamburg for the second straight day Lt Gen James M Doolittle sent more than 1300 Flying Fortresses and Liberators with an escort of 8oO Mustangs and Thunderbolts into the attack while the RAF mounted strong forces of Lan casters and Halifaxes with Mus tank fightersupport The British aerial forces con centrated on the Blohni and Vossi submarine building yards at Hami burg which one of the main i American Yanks Clear Japs From Philippines Manila defenses throughoutithecentral Philippines were collapsing rapidly Saturday before American forces which seized control ofall but one of the major islands in the archipelago The mounting campaign sent U S assault troops swarming over 2 more Negros the fourth largest island in the Philippines and little Cafcallo in Manila bay They were the 3lst and 32nd is lands in the Philippines invaded by Gen Douglas MacArthurs American forces Bohol between Cebu and Leyte was the only large island still held by the Japanese Seasoned veterans of Maj Gen Rapp Brushs 40th division landed on the west coast of Negros Thurs day after a 10mUe amphibious hop from Guimaras island and in 9 hours had established a solid 25 mile long beachhead The landing near Bago Just across from Guimaras was made without opposition although some scattered resistance was met as the troops moved inland under the support of 13th air force planes ana naval units commanded by Rear Admiral Arthur Strublc After securing the landing beach the troops split into 3 forces which fanned out along the is lands smooth coastal plain The northern contingent speaved 14 miles to the outskirts of Bacolocl capital of the island and overran he cilys airfield with its 2 air strips 3GOO and 4600 feet long Another column swept through Claim Hitler Agreed to Armistice London UR European reports said Adolf Hitler and the German high command agreed at a drama tic allnight meeting ending early Saturday that Germany should seek an armistice but apparently delayed action when the nazis re fused to give up the government immediately he informed Hitler that it was prepared to ne gotiate for an armistice if the naii government would quit a Stock holm Tidnitigen dispatch quoted by the exchange telegraph agency said The staff officers were said to have contended that continuation of the war was impossible in view of the allied breakthrough in the west and the soviet threat in the east Hitler countered with a proposal to abandon bis position as sole leader in favor of a fuehrers council headed by Marshal Al bert Kesselring and Col Gen Ferdinand von Schoerner com manders on the western and east ern fronts Tidningen said Members of the council under Kesselrmg and von Schoerner would be Hitler himself Heidi Marshal Herman Goering Gestapo Himmler and Chief Heinrich answered for internal morning was ningen said The Eighth air force in i dcfcnses a1 lhe Germanv in for the i mcr bridge and raced H mites ond successive day hammcicd at i iard while oil plants and rail varrts qr 3r forcc Pushed miles in Grand Admiral Karl Docnitz Hitter was said to have told the generals they could open negotia tions with the allies while he and Ifimmler order Tidningen said the generals of thehigh command rejected the proposal The final result of the conference which lasted from midday Friday to early Saturday not known Tid The meeting was said to have taken place at Hitlers headquar ters A Zurich dispatch to the ex change telegraph agency said Hit ler finally conceded at the meet ing that Germany had lost the war High cbinmanir representatives told Hitler the Tidningen said that German troops in the west were no longer under the control of their officers and that volks sturm units were giving up with out a fight They said there no longer was sufficient gasoline or food for the troops and that the same situa tion could be expected on the east ern front when the Russians launched their big offensive A Zurich report said that all nazi gauleiters and their families were enroule to fortresses beini set up in Bavaria Hitlers newspaper Voelkischer Bcobachter urged every German to stand firm and said that we are in the most severe cricis the last 2000 years of WLB Orders No Stop in Coal Mining Washington war la bor board Saturday directed John U Lewis and bituminous coal op erators to continue the uninter rupted production of coal under their present contract 3000 ALLIED TANKS SURGING OVER GERMANY French Cross Rhine as Armies Push Within 175 Miles of Berlin BULLETIN With U S 3rd Army 4th armored division has reached the vicinity of Lautenhausen 170 miles from Berlin Paris allied ar mored divisions speared into Ger many 175 miles from Berlin and 1JO from Munich Saturday and all but encircled the Ruhr Twentyfive thousand had laid flown their guns in Fri days fighting More than 3000 allied tanks were in the push cast of the Hhme The French 1st army lunged across the Rhine somewhere be tween Mannheim and Karlsruhe Saturday morning The U S 7lh army burst through the Odenwaid to within 15 miles of Wuerzburg and 130 of Munich Northward the American 3rd army rushed down the last 10 miles to Kassel 1G5 miles from Berlin and perhaps already had reached the industrial city of 220 000 population The 1st and 9th American arm ies sped toward a linkup around the Ruhr beyond Padcrborn with the gap narrowing hourly Up to 40000 Germans in the Ruhr might be trapped by their juncture The British 2nd army driving into the heart ol Westphalia racked up overnight gains up to 11 miles against little opposition except ruins and roadblocks Security silence concealed the extent of allied gains but a front dispatch disclosed the 6th armV ored division of the 3rd army truck to within 10 miles of Kas sel after speeding 45 miles since Friday Thirty miles farfiier southeast the U S 4th armored break through division drove to 4 point 4 miles southeast of Here fels also snearing to within 175 miles of Berlin The 1st and 9tb rapidly were closing a gap now apparently less than 30 miles wide to bottle up from 30000 to 40000 Germans still fighting in the ruined cities and mining areas of the Ruhr Germanys last and greatest ar senal With such a depth beyond the Rhine British armor might be in or near Muenster or midway between Mtienster and Hamm The German radio said that British 2nd army troops have crossed the DortmundEms canal 170mile waterway which con nects Dortmund and the industrial Ruhr with the river Ems and had established a bridgehead on the cast bank Presumably such a crossing would be in the area where the British are driving from Dulmen toward Muenster The HAF mined the canal last August and on Nov 21 placed hits upon its banks which drained itfor n distance of day afternoon Sunday IN MASON CIT GlobeGazette Weather Statistics Maximum Friday Minimum Friday At 8 a m Saturday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 61 35 43 32 17 Seizing more than 450 towns Malmovskys froops at one point north of captured Komarom bat tered 10 miles past the Nitra Meanwhile on the south bank et the Danube more of Slalinov skys troops slashed toward he southeastern approaches to the 1 The heavy bombers also set ire vital Bratislava gap the 18mile lo more lhan 300 tons of oil at gateway to Vienna between the Danube and the Austrian cap1 fare WAI ic n i oil plants and rail yards stretched I east of the western front They hit the synihelic oil plants at Zeitz southwest of Liepzig the railyard at Halle to the northand rail and industrial targets at both Brunswick and Brandenburg just east of Berlin The daylight assaults followed another night attack on Berlin by British Mosquitos which have tailed to hit the naii capital only one night in nearly a month and a half The clandestine radio Atlantic meantime reported that 58 Ger man Uboats ranging from 1600 to 22000 tons were destroyed by the big American fleet which raided Bremen Hamburg Friday JLM eusiedler See defense bar1 elements thrust to 1 Americans M i taJs rier within44 miles 30 miles southeast of Bratislava by capturing Tarnokreti 14 miles west of captured Gyor Farther to the southwest Tot bukhins forces drove into Aus tria nndcr cover of red air force planes which flew 3000 sorties in support of the ground troops Still farther to the south Tol bukhms troops advanced 14 miles and captured the rail junc tion of Zalaegerszeg and nearby Bogod within 134 miles of ftaly Moie than 150 towns west of Lake Balaton were seized Mos cow said Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy and continued mild Iowa Partly cloudy and con gateway to the i Atlantic said tinucd mild Saturday and Sun day Minnesota Partly cloudy Satur day night and Sunday except cloudy with occasional showers north portion Sunday afternoon Mild temperatures becoming colder portion Sun Rather windy and 50 Per Cent More Gas Ios Angeles to your last B coupon Heres cheer Ralph K Davies deputy petrol eum administrator for war says it is reasonable to hold out the distinct hope for a 50 per cent increase in gasoline for civilians within 30 days after the war ends in Europe Buy 5 our vsr Bonds and htamps from your GlobeGazette earner boy force pushed in from Bago and seized the town of Santa Aniceta The latter group made contact with strong guerrilla forces un der Colonel Abccdes at Santa Amceta Troops of the American divi sion on Cebu east of Negros also joined with guerrilla forces com manded by a Colonel Gushing to speed the campaign of clearing the island The American troops however were reported meeting some resistance on high ground north of Guadalupe 20 miles south ot captured Cebu Citv rvo provision was made for S15000000 guarantee fund i manded by Lewis at a hcarin In ings announcing VacArthiir lhe new land noted that the j say how close it now had come to ei breaMhW8h it is by jhe The boards order left the pe iod of the retroactivity open di y open di present contract and u d nuaring DC IIIH j n V J 4t fore the board earlier Saturday 1S r e arnored divi Lewis had asked that the oper ators be required to post that amount representing the opera tors estimate of the cost for one month of nutting into etfett a contract such as proposed hy Sec retary of Labor Perkins The Per kins proposal was rejected by the operators American first army tanks Fri clay night swept through Pader bom 42 miles northwest of Kas scl and 185 west of Berlin but LtGen Courtney Hodges slowed this racing armored columns Sat arday to consolidate his tremend enemy seems bewildered and his defense is rapidly collapsing Prcoccupiecl to the north in Luzon and fearful of his position to the south in Mindanao he lias neglected his center and left it exposed to a series of divergent thrusts which are proving vital MacArthur added In the Luzon campaign 38th division troops landed on tiny Ca ballo island in Manila Bay south of Corregidor Tuesday and drove an estimated 500 Japanese into the western tunnels and caves Destroyers and artillery guns from nearby Corregidor supported the operation riod reeling that the be continued until the differ ences that now separate the par tie are peacefully and finally solved I The boards deciSion was unaniI mous except in the retroactivity feature on which Ihe t industrv rcprescntntivcs dissented AP Correspondent Don WmtcheaU reported The tired grimccf tankmen badly dust needed rest after 6 days of ba The first army had crossed the fn up lo 21 miles VEWS Cairo Cairo news paper Akbar El Yom said Satur day that radio stations throughout the world would have an an nouncement of the greatest im I portance at 9 a m Sunday Says Nazi Government Now at Berchtesgaden Stockholm newspaper Worgontidningen printed a Bern dispatch Saturday saying that Berchtesgaden now serves as the from German reichs seat of govern menl Without citing its authority the dispatch said Hitler Heinrich Himmler and all other leading nazis were at the mountain hide out Buy your War Bonds and irom ivasscl on th Saturday the 3rd army closed lip m tins same sector with the within 10 miles of other to Cappel 15 south of Kas the line men of the 4th drove 23 miles northeast Lauterbach to a point 4 miles southeast of Herzfels and another element from the same division reached lhe vicinity of Helffcls aftcr a mile push The TJ S 7th army in the south pushed well beyond captured aeloerg and fought a terrific bat tle with fanaticalGermans in urc parcd positions across the river Main in an arc around Aschaffen ourg There were reports even Ms Tmrd Sr S W   

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