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Mason City Globe Gazette Newspaper Archive: March 30, 1945 - Page 1

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Publication: Mason City Globe Gazette

Location: Mason City, Iowa

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   Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 30, 1945, Mason City, Iowa                             NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL U INSIDE WASHINGTON Duke of Windsors Move Called Wise Courageous By HELEN ESSARY Central Press Columnist Duke of Windsor shows wisdom and cour age in his justannounced resig nation as governor and com manderinchiet of the Bahamas France Is the immediate desti nation of the former KingEd ward VIII of England and his American wife the former Waliis Warfield Simpson Excellent move of the Windsors this In France they will be closer to England and to the throne of the British Isles than they now are in Nassau capital of the trifling Bahamas Nassau and the Bahamas are horrible of season I dont know how the Windsors have stood their post there for 5 dreary humid Tears In season when there is no war on the Bahamas Nassau espe cially are frolicsome and lush with American money and best dressed American personalities Between seasons which means most of the year the Bahamas are thick with heat and boredom and the intrigue that boredom always Jin ally fosters I was in Nassau a midsummer or 2 ago when the crown was vainly and halfheartedly trying to find out who kilted Sir Harry Oakes Then even with the stir of the cautiouslyconducted murder trial to whip up the trop ical static the place was one of exile t grieved a little that a king of England though he had stepped down from his throne and its re sponsibilities should have punished by such banishment Except for the hall dozen mem bers of his own governmental household there were no asso ciates then for Windsor and his duchess other than a few stiffly starched British provincials The rest of the population of Nassau was composed of natives in ex traordinary proportion to the whites and remittance men and women of some sort or other Fabulous remittance men and women out of Somerset Maugham or Rudyard Kipling They were waiting for the checks from rela tions who were willing to pay to keep them out of sight Many of the natives were highlyeducated influential The governorship of the Baha mas was an undlenified role for the empire With his duchess Ed ward did the best he could to keep alive and sane and at the same time to do his bit for the island and the empire Whenever the Windsors came to Washington they were eager to meet U S officials who might help the Bahamas One of the few invitations they accepted on one trip here was to talk with a very small teatime group I ar ranged In the group were cabi net members and their wives sev eral tiptops tiptop govern ment agencies several leading members of congress and impor tant and useful newspaper peo ple It was a pleasant afternoon More than pleasant It was charted with the sharp interest of the duke in the United States of ficials and the sharp interest of the United States officials and their ladles in the sort of man the duke really was and in the fam ous charm ot his alert wife One of the journalistic guests had come down from New York to meet H R H asked Windsor if he would be interested in a job as a war correspondent The duke immediately was enor mously interested He would find it fascinating work to go abroad as a syndicate representative Give him something hard and CITO IOWA FRIDAY MARCH 30 Ptgg to get his teeth unaccustomed into But he didnt know of course whether it could be arranged from his point of view Would the British government permit him to do such a sudden thing He would think the offer over and confer with syndicate manager in New York within the week The NewYork conference took placeBut the foreign reporting job was reluctantly declined The duke sadly said It would not be possible 1 hope this plan of the Wind sors to go to France is not merely the first heraldings of the return ot the Riviera set to its old pre war haunts the former worthyx ot his abilities I should like to see king do something Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy with no change in temperature Iowa Partly cloudy Friday night and Saturday No important temperature changes Minnesota Fair with no import ant temperature change through Sunday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statistics Maximum Thursday 68 Minimum Thursday 57 At 8 a m Friday 40 YEAR AGO Maximum 25 Minimum 18 Precipitation 08 1ST ARMY THROUGH FADE Approach Austrian Manufacturing Center Clear Western Hungary London IP Russian troops have thrust over the Austrian frontier Moscow dispatches said Friday and Marshal Stalin an nounced a 31 mile advance north of the Danube in a twin thrust upon Vienna Marshal Stalin announced the fall of Danzig where the first shots of the war were fired in 1939 The Germans had admitted the fall of Gdynia While Marshal Feodor Tolbuk kins tanks penetrated into the hills inside Austria threatening to lay siege to Vienna Stalin an nounced that Marshal Roclion Malinovskys forces north of the Danube had broken across the Nitra river capturing Komarno Ersekujvar Sur any Komjaty Verebely Vrable and Poerful The advance was on a 34 mile front from the broken Hron river defenses in Slovakia and brought the Russians up to or across the Nitra on a 27 mile front to with in 49 miles of Bratislava Komarno is on the north bank of the Danube opposite the cap tured stronghold of Komarom Ersekujvar is on the westside of the Nitra and Surany and Kom jaty are in a line to the north along the banks of the Nitra Verebely is 11 miles southeast of the stronghold of Nitra on the railway from Levice Xhe Germans were reported massing troops along the Leite river line justa few miles in ad vance of soviet spearheads for a last stand to save Vienna One soviet column threatened to flank Vienna from the south Still another column clearing the western tip of Hungary was within 5 miles of the Austrian border and 40 miles southeast of Vienna Marshal Feodor I Tolbukhins 3rd Ukrainian army group rolled up to the Austrian frontier on a 14mile front Thursday and a free Austrian radio broadcast said the Soviets crossed the border at several points liberating some villages The Soviets turned the German defense line based on Lake Neu siedler with the capture of the border stronghold of Koeszeg 19 miles southwest of the 130square mile water barrier and 50 miles south of Vienna itself Koeszeg also lies 31 miles southeast of the big Messer schmitt aircraft manufacturing center of Wiener Neusladt and 165 miles east of Adolf Hitlers moun taintop retreat at Berchtesgaden Another 3rd army group col umn seized Kapuvar II miles south of Lake Xeusiedler 7 miles from the Austrian border and 4Z miles southeast of Vienna More than 100 other Hungarian towns and villages were swept up in the 3rd army groups advances of up to 20 miles among them Szombathely 54 miles east of Graz Austrias 2nd largest indus trial center The thrust widened the groups front across the Kaba river Vi ennas first outer defense line to 50 miles and cut the main roads have from over which the Germans been withdrawing troops Yugoslavia to reinforce the capi More than 18000 German pris oners were captured Most of the surviving enemy garrisons were fleeing west in disorder Another 18500 Germans were captured on the coast of Danzig bay north of liberated Gdynia A soviet communique said the 2nd White Russian army group was finishing off the Jast enemy groups holding out in eastern Danzig Superforts Strike Nagoya Aircraft Center Washington Superfort resses Friday hit Nagoya Japans 3rd city and bjg aircraft produc tion center The attack by a small force of B23s from bases in the Marianas followed by only a few hours a raid by Indiabased Superfort resses against oil storage areas at Singapore crossroads of the Japa nese empire Buy your War and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Twin Thrust Toward Vienna GERMANS ADMIT DANZIG GDYNIA TAKEN BY REDS Yanks Invade 2 Islands Near Cebu Manila of the American division secured the ap proaches to Cebus big harbor in the centra Philippines Friday invasions of nearby Cauit and Mactan Islands The main city of Opon on Sfac tan island where Magellan died in the I6th century was seized by the assault troops while tiny Cauit 3 former seaplane base just outside Cebu citys harbor was completely occupied The islands were the 29th and 30th invaded by Gen Douglas IVTaeArfhurs American forces in the Philippines At the same time other units of the American division continued to fan out on Cebu island against only disorganized Japanese re sistance One column which cut north from captured Cebu City capital of the island seized Lahug air drome with its 2 air strips to provide another base for the growing aerial offensive from the Philippines A 2nd force pushed along Cebus eastern coast and occupied the town of Naga S miles below the Talisay landing beaches and 14 miles south of Cebu City MacArthurs communique said there was action in the ground campaign on Luzon in the northern Philippines where an additional 1338 Japanese bod ies were counted in the mopping up operations east of Manila Mitchell medium bombers and fighter planes continued steady attacks on enemy positions throughout Luzon and liberators dumped another 20 tons of ex plosives at Legaspion the south eastern tip of the island Heavy bombers also bit 2air dromes on Negros one of the last 2 major islands in the Philippines still held by the Japa nese The other is Bohol Both have been completely surrounded by the American invasions in the central Philippines Negros lies west of Panay and Bohol to the southeast Petition for Review of Local Option DesMoines Leo Elthon RFertile Friday urged the senate sifting committee to accept a petition signed by 22 senators asking that the house approved local option bill be re lerred to the senate calendar The bill has been held in com mittee for 2 months Elthon also asked that the peti tion be spread upon the pages of the senate journal I have a very unusual petition signed by a great many members of this body asking consideration of this bill by one of our commit tees Elthon said I realize they have taken a lot of heat on house file 63 The local option I have the deepest regard for the members of the committee and I am not blaming the committee entirely for the lack of action Every one of us had a part in ifcis inaction Early in the session we adopted rules by which this very thing could happen We sat by with our mouths closed This committee has taken their share of the heat I think some of the rest of us should too So to day I am asking that the petition be received by the sifting com mittee and that it be spread on the pages of the Journal Dry forces in the senate mean while indicated that if the local option measure were not referred to the calendar by next they would seek to withdraw it an ac tion which requires the vote of 33 senators Rumor was that Senator J R Barkley RMoulton might make he motion lo withdraw the bill but Barkley would not com ment on the matter Tn addition to Elthon and Bark ley the petition was signed by Senators Harlan C Foster Mount Pleasant R B Hawkins Leon C V Findlay Fort Dodge Ralph W Zastrow Charles City A E Au gustine Oskaloosa Albert J Shaw Pocohontas E KBekman Ottumwa the late O J Kirketeg Bedford Ed S White Harlan J A Newsome Derby Floyd Jones Osceola A D Clem Sioux City AI Miller Gray H Sam Love Bridgewater Edwin C Schluter Clarence Carl O Siulin Ham burg George Faul Des Moines Ralph E Benson Jefferson Irving D Long Manchester and J T Dykhouse Rock Rapids Augus tine was the only democrat sign ing NOCOMMENTON VOTING RATIO BY STETTINIUS Bloom Demands Equal Vote for U S Under Yalta Agreement Washington if Secretary of State Stettinius said Friday noth ing has happened to discourage him about creating a successful world organization at San Fran cisco But he declined to discuss the BigThree vote ratio projected at Yalta Stettinius held a news confer ence immediately after conferring with 3 members of the TJ S dele gation Senators Tom Connally DTexas aud Arthur H Van denberg and Rep Sol Bloom N Y When they departed the con gressmen to lei reporters who sought moredetails of the agree ment on voting in the prospective world assembly that Stettinius would have a statement Instead the secretary of state said he would answer questions nextweek Most of the questions Stettinius related to the asked white house disclosure Thursday that Premier Stalin had asked 3 votes in the assembly and that President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill agreed to support this claim provided the United States also had 3 The British commonwealth of nations on the basis of membership in the united nations would have a total of 6 Taking the presidents an nouncement Stettinius placed spe ejal emphasisoh Jhaf portion which said the Big Three agreed that the ultimate decision on rep resentation in the assembly of the world organization would be made at the San Francisco conference The agreement was not included in the Yalta communique he add ed because that was confined to decisions The vote plan he add ed must go before the conference Stettinius then replied affirma tively when asked whether the Dumbarton Oaks proposals were not also to be put before the world conference for decision by all the united nations Asked whether the United States was disappointed at the Russian choice ot Ambassador Andrei Grorayko to head their delegation instead of Foreign Commissar V M Molotov the secretary replied that this government welcomes any delegation sent by the soviet union and will WOrk with it in complete harmony Stettinius repeatedly turned aside all questions on whether the White Russian and the Ukrainian republics for which Russia wants votes in the assembly would also have representatives and separate votes during the San Francisco conference Gdynia Kotnigibvrg V Tokyo Soys 5 Task Forces Blasting Southern Ryukyus to Begin Okinawa Invasion least 5 allied task forces including 18 W3 at Japans approaches lor aLFrday ln for an invasion of Okinawa island in the Ryukyus The Japs also claimed that one of perhaps 4 American and Brit ish task forces blasting away at Japans southern defenses has ap The sponsoring nations he said peared around Tancga had agreed that only united na only 25 miles off the troiis would attend the conference But he declined to say whether Russia would be considered more than one united nation A reporter asked Stettinius on what he based his confidence that San Francisco would be a success He replied it is based on his faith that the war has not been fought in vain While attention centered on the voting agreement one high rank ing official who would not permit use of his name said flatly that no additional secret agreements al tering the Dumbarton Oaks pro posals had beer reached at Yalta Mailers Return to k Stoppage at PCS Moines Register DesMoines 7day work stoppage in the composing room of the Register and Tribune ended at noon Friday when 9 employes of the mailing members of the International Typographical to a request in a telegram from the Kansas City re gional office of the war labor board Gardner Cowles Jr president of the Register and Tribune com pany announced the return of the workers The end of the stoppage was confirmed by an ITU spokes man who said it resulted from the WLB request Cowles said the workers return was voluntary and that no new agreement had been reached be tween the company and the ITU He said that the end of the stop page followed lengthy confer ences1 ot the mailers and a special committee appointed by the Des Moines Trades and Labor council coast island Japanese It was the closestapproach lo Japan by allied warships yet re ported and represented a ringing challenge lo ibe remnants of the Japanese fleet to come out and fight A German Transocean dis patch recorded by the United Press in London said 150 Ameri can Superfortresses raided Tokyo Friday morning with a newtype incendiary bomb that caused fires at several places Radio Tokyo said Japanese planes attacked the task force late Thursday night and early Friday morning around Tanejta a 30 mile long island off the southern tip of Kyushu southernmost of the Japanese home islands WLB Plans Hearing on Coal Strike Washington war la bor board Friday called deadlock ed soft soal operators and miners to a hearing Saturday morning to determine whether their contract can be extended until a new one is reached The present contract expires at During Tuesday night a com munique said warships shot down counterattacking enemy air craft and destroyed a number of enemy torpedo boats The tor pedo boats presumably were the surface forces which Tokyo said were attacking the American fleet Admiral Chester W Nimitz also announced that a task force from the British Pacific fleet in action 1 in the Pacific for the first time had joined in the bombardment of the Ryukyus Monday and Tuesday The British concentrated on the Sakishima group southwest of Okinawa Carrier planes from the Heavy damage was reported to iask force bombed and have been inflicted on the enemy task Tokyo said Detailed war results are now being checked up At least 2 other American task Japanese and a contingent of the British Pacific fleet meantime were be lieved carrying their unprece dented bombardment of Okinawa and other islands southwest of Japan into its 8th straight day Tokyo said the warships and carrier planes were softening up Okinawa 330 miles southwest of Japan for an imminent invasion Capture of Okinawa its naval and air stations midway between Japan and Formosa would give the allies another base for an in vasion of the enemy homeland or thf China coast The enemy account said a task enemy force of more than 100 warships including about 10 bat tleships Okina forrP force was cruising screening still around another H around more than I carrier boy 10 aircraft carriers The task forces were said to include trans Ports Pacific fleet headquarters con firmed that American warships midnight Saturday and ovcrn carried their bombardment of the i ment seizure of the mines was Kyukyu chain of which Okinawa seen possible if the operators and the largest island Ibrouffh Us John Ly Lewis fail lo ajrrce on a new pact or an extension of the present one The parlies will be called on to show cause in accordance with the boards practice in such cases why the terms and conditions of the existing contract should not be extended pending final action on the issues in dispute and why an effective date for wage adjust ments that may be finally deter mined upon should not be fixed WLB Chairman George W Taylor telegraphed the operators and the miners The board acted within an hour after receiving formal certifica tion of the dispute from Secretary of Labor Perkins who announced Thursday midnicht that she was sending the dispute lo the WlB i after operators rejected her com promise plan United Mine Workers President John L Lewis had agreed to Miss Perkins proposnl which is under stood to have eliminated his de mand for a royalty ot 10 cents a ton on all soft coal mined Taylor said in his telegram that the board would determine at the hearing whether it can hear the dispute directly dispensing with the customary procedure of nam ing a special panel For a fenhours the stalemated contract talks appeared headed for spectacular llth hour success un der the guidance of Labor Secre tary Perkins These hopes were dashed how ever by operator refusal to ac cep her proposals for a new working agreement to replace the one expiring Saturday midnight Miss Perkins immediately certi fied the case as a dispute to the war labor board staliations in the Sakishimas de stroying 20 enemy aircraft on the ground setting fire to the town of Ohama and destroying a small coastal vessel Petain to Go on Trial April 24 New Vork trial of Marshal Petain Vichy government head during the German occupa tion of France will begin April 24 the French press agency said Friday in a broadcast dispatch re ported by the FCC Petain famed hero of Verdun of the last war will be tried in ab sentia before a special French purge court He now is head of a puppet French regime set up by the nazis in Germany Bur your Har from your Bonds and DRIVE TOWARD JUNCTION WITH NORTH FORCES 9th Army Breaks Loose in Advance Across North Ruhr BULLETIN With U S 3rd Army Mh armored division stabbed to within 29 miles of Kassel Friday Paris American first array boldly cutting of the Ruhr thrust powerful armored forces into Piidcrborn 185 miles west of Berlin Friday and thrust on to ward a junction with the 21st army group racing on the open roads ol northern Germany Front line dispatches said Lt Gen Courtney H Hodges 3rd armored division shoved into Padcrborn at a m Friday and kept going in the news blackout that obscured its further move ments The sensational drive was meet ing virtually no opposition and was less than 65 miles from a junction with Marshal Sir Ber nard L Montgomerys forces whose exact whereabouts likewise were hidden raderborn is on one of the main railways connecting the Ruhr with Berlin and is 25 miles south of Bielefeld the only other major railway link between the indus trial treasure chest and the Ger man capital On the first armys right flank the Germans reported the 4th armored division which took Lauterbach had turned east and advanced upon Fulda 13 miles distant The first army shot forward so fast ils spearheads lost contact with headquarters The Germans said one armored column bid reached Bad Wlndungcn 28 miles southwest of the sreat rail center of Kassel no miles from Berlin The ninth army broke loose overnight in a race along the northern rim of the Ruhr bypass ing most of the great industrial cities of the valley The British second army ap peared lo be veering northeast ward toward the great ports of Hamburg Bremen and Wilhelms havcn The whole onsurge on the 21st army group front in the north was in high gear from the Muen ster plain to the Odenwald In fantry alone tramped 18 miles for ward in a day and tanks still were running unchecked along clear roads On every sector supreme head quarters said officially that ad vances were going well In 48 hours more than 60000 Germans have surrendered The prized old cities of Frankfurt on the Main Mannheim and Heidel berg have fallen with little oppo sition Hundreds ot lesser places have been taken Actual positions of vanguards of the American 1st 9th and 3rd armies were obscured by the news blackout which also covered the British 2nd and Canadian 1st arm ies The Canadians however cleared Die Rhine fortress town of Emmerich save for snipers The 1st armys armored drive curling around the east end of the tanks clanked 35 miles over open roads from dawn to dusk the fastest of the war Disintegration accelerated in German ranks At least 34668 nazis surrendered Thursday 22 400 to the 3rd 11266 to the Ut and 1000 to the British Two great cities of Germany Frankfurt on the Main and Mann Gen Eisenhower has said the loss of the Ruhr Mould leave Ger many incapable of continuing or ganized resistance lonr The great est mass of German troops left in western Europe was beinn swiftly encircled in the rap fashioned by the 1st army and the 21st army troup on the north The German air force Thursday made its first appearance over the 1st army front since the attack opened The planes strafed and bombed In driving north Hodges men have captured 2 German trains a plane factory 12 planes and great quantities ofniaterial and other equipment which the Germans were unable to salvage before the tide engulfed them Huge stores of ammunition are being found in woods along roads Six miles southwest of Sicgen infantry cleaned out the towns of Struthulten and Neunkirchcn To the southeast the 9th and 99th di visions advanced 10 to 20 miles to clear the area between the Lahn river between Giesscn and Mar hurp The second divislo moved out along the Solms river 15 miles to take Oberndorf and Krotfel bach All night long British tanks packed on top with 9th army troops ran along open roads that   

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