Mason City Globe Gazette, March 17, 1945

Mason City Globe Gazette

March 17, 1945

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Issue date: Saturday, March 17, 1945

Pages available: 10

Previous edition: Friday, March 16, 1945

Next edition: Monday, March 19, 1945

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Publication name: Mason City Globe Gazette

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All text in the Mason City Globe Gazette March 17, 1945, Page 1.

Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 17, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER VOL LI INSIDE WASHINGTON Washington Optimism on European War Very High Central Press Capital Staff on pro gress of the war in Europe is run ning so high in Washington these days that official military an alysts are having a difficult time restraining their comments to keep in line with administration determination to maintain war production through pessimism The allied surge to the Rhine was accomplished according to these sources with far less oppo sition than could reasonably be expected and it is estimated that v tne nazis can muster only the remnants of 40 battered and mauled divisions for a stand on that streams eastern bank Contrary to obviously inspired reports that Gen Dwight D Eis enhower must now pause for a considerable period to his forces he already has thrown bridgeheads across that vital stream EDITED FOR THE HOME MRDJRMYJNTERS COBLENZ LendLease For France is like ly to be considerably stepped up for the duration of the European war the increases coining with increased French participation in the conflict against Germany The house foreign affairs com mittee recommending overall ex tension of the lendlease program for another year took particular notice of the act as it is extended to fighting France French ports and facilities are needed and have been essential in mounting crushing offensives against the Germans the report said pointing out that the French agreement provides for payment by the French for locomotives freight cars machinery and other materials There appears considerable like lihood that some of the French troops which eventually will share in the occupation of a defeated However aid for France under strictly on an the program is armaments basis Postwar reconstruction and re habilitation problems will receive consideration by con separate gress A Little Known Fact About Jeeps is that they are tested for radio activity after being assem bled a nd go back for a thorough checkup if they flash any signals whichcould ene my apparatus Washington reporters touring Teigs war plants recently learned at the Fort Worth assembly plant of Ford Motor company that loose nuts or bolts or other parts of a jeep can cause such radiation for enemy ears and have to be cor rected before the machines go Into action There Is a Possibility that de spite all the drumbeating and controversy congress will not pass any kind of manpower con trol bill at all Manpower legislation still must negotiate 2 major hurdles and the hurdles appear to be growing higher One ts the senate and the other is the conference commit tee of the house and senate In the senate there is a sharp cleavage between supporters of KilgcreOMahoney and May Bailey bills The conflict is such that some senators believe the senate may kill manpower legis lation But if the senate passes the K goreOTMahoney bill there is a strong possibility that the bill will die in a conference committee of tne house and senate unless the admmlsinition accepts this hill which differs basically from the MayBailey work or jail m sure Of course the problem could be solved by senate passage of the MayBailey bill But the bill ad ACTION MOUNTS ALONG ENTIRE EASTERN FRONT Berlin Reports New Red Offensive on West Hungary Lines London Gregor K Zhukovs forces stormed int Altdamm Saturday last Germa toehold on the east bank of th lower Oder and opened fire or Stettin big Baltic port across th river from Altdamm Moscow and Berlin reports toll of mounting action everywhere o the eastern front between be leaguered Koenigsberg capital o East Prussia and the Lake Bala ton area of Hungary Moscow dispatches said her was reason to expect word of sig nificant development soon from the blackedout Berlin front be tween Kueslrin and the Silesian battlefields Soviet reports said Zhukov iva storming Altdamm and had mass ed an extraordinary concentra tion of artillery in the Stettin sec tor preparatory to another o those classic breakthroughs which hitherto have brought stag gering dividends Berlin reported that the red To Liberalize Deferments in 5 Industries KARL R major men coal coa mining transportation steel syn rubber copper lead and zinc were an nounced Saturday service fdiiiib DrrprmAntc the The action by selective will permit deferments to exceed which ivmcn has been in effect for one month on men aged 18 through 29 This means a selective service spokesman said that more de ferred men over 30 will have to be thc draft calls for army combat re placements Meanwhile new no tably aircraft were besieging Washington for similar relief claiming that war they were permitted more young workers to retain Selective service said it acted upon the recommendation of the interagency deferment commit tee created by War Mobilization Director James F Byrnes It al lowed the solid fuels administra tion the office of defense trans army opened a violent new offen sive over a wide front in western Hungary Nazi broadcasts said i was aimed at forcinr the Germans east of Lake Balaton to regroup Ernest von Hammer naziradio commentator said that on thc blooddrenched battlefield west of Oppeln in Silesia the struggle seems to be approaching a mo mentof supreme crisis extremely strong armored forces were locked in crucial fighting big battle in southern Silesia north of Ratibor was re ported by von Hammer to have gathered new ferocity There he said the Russians threw in strong tank forces and despite a cease less onslaught they only managed to gain a little ground Far to the northeast other bat tles appeared to be in their decis ive phases at Koenigsberg Danzig Gdynia and smaller German pock ts along the Baltic coast Moscow reports said the days of 3anzig and Gdynia appeared numbered after the Russians drove a wedge to the sea between them solating the hard pressed garri sons of both Thefall of these cities the sov ets said will release formidable forces for the forthcoming assault ilong the lower Oder An armored column of Marshal Jregory K Zhukovs White Rus sian army rolled up to the out kirts of Altdamm directly across he Oder from Stettin after cap unng Rosengarten two miles to he south and four and a half miles southeast of Stettin itself Zhukovs drive which shattered trong German tank and artillery concentrations gave the Soviets control of a 40mile stretch of the Oder southward to Nieflerwutzen 29 miles northeast of Berlin Berlin broadcasts described the thrust as a powerful resumption of the soviet offensive into the inner reich Advancing up to three miles in one day against strong nazi de fenses Zhukovs forces cut the last section of the KuestrinStettin railroad on the east bank of the MaeNiders Group Pushes Ahead Rapidly Manila URJapanese forces in Luzon were virtually split w 2 Saturday by a widesweeping American thrust which cut the enemy s main northsouth com munication line as snapped by elements of the 43rd division which circled through the mountain below Antipole miles east of Manila and swept through the town of Maybancal one mile from the north shore of Laguna bay a Luzon the Slh regiment under Brig Gen Hanford MacNider of Mason city made an 8mile amphibious hop down the eastern shore of Balay an bay to seize Dagatan on Cal umpan peninsula and were push ing rapidly against light opposi tion toward Mabini one mile to the east Other forces of the 43rd also struck 4 miles eastward from Antipole in a dual drive which Cen Douglas MacArihurs com munique said destroyed the entire southern flank of the elaborate WawaAntipolo line The Japanese strong defense positions sourn and east of Anti polo were smashed with great losses ft the enemy both in per sonnel and supplies and with only ight losses to our own troops Mac Arthur said In cutting the enemys vital communication line in thai sec tor the 43rd division troops exe cuted one ot the most surr Vital Port of Stettin the most surprising moves of the bitterly aclical e campaign east or Manila The Americans left the high vay at recentlycaptured Anti polo cut westward through the mountains and then circled back eastward into Maybancal sfhiles o the south The troops continued eastward and then swung back north to ground dominating Teresa on he mam ughway midway between Anti polo and Maybancal Besides being the junction of 2 ughways skirting around Laguna jay Maybancal alsois the termi ius of mountain trails leading in outheastern Luzon Units of the nth airborne divi icn operating south of Laguna ay closed in on Mount Bijang a Japanese strongpoint between Americanheld Los Banos and anto Tomas Far north of Manila other American forces supported by herman tanks ran into strong nemy opposition as they pushed 2prpnged drive within 4 miles f Balete Pass leading to agayan valley trowis CaptoedVintaCt Biggest B29 Raid Leaves 12 Square Miles of Kobe Several War Plants Burning flaming inferno Saturday after the hiiwit RQQ F1 wer oth aflaminginferno Saturday alter ofThe Fires visible more than miles at sea swept through the in the ush back the Japanese on Luzon American Liberator bombers rom new Philippines bases tepped up their continuous as ault on Formosa and the nearby escadores islands More than SO B24s hit the An an naval base in the Pescadores ust west of Formosa Wednesday ith 243 tons of explosives Fires V warehouses docks storage nks and other installations round the base site at Mako sent moke soaring 6000 feet into the flammable 5th largest city in Japan More than 2500 tons ol incendiary bombs were dropped by well over 300 Superfortresses in the predawn raid Nine square miles of Kobe are burning or in ashes in and im mediately surrounding the orig inal 5 square mile target area Maj Gen Curtis Le May com mander of the 21st bomber com mand announced Near this area an additional 3 square miles were aflame An aircraft factory and a loco motive plant in southwest Kobe were among the key targets hit and set afire one pilot said Oth shipyards ers told of fires In docks and buildings It was major B29 raid on Japan in a week and caused destruction 2nd only to that in flicted on Tokyo where 17 square miles were destroyed last Satur day Two square miles were burned out in Nagoya Japans 3rd largest city Monday and 5 square miles in Osaka 2nd largest city Wednesday Of Japanese cities of approxi mately 1000000 or more popula tion only Kyoto 35 miles north east of Kobe S3 iVh ty cme to the i Vfvj 1 otrav fnlirnr DAMAGES ASKED BY MRS BREWER Former Bus Queen Sues Floyd County Sheriff Charles City Helen Schultz Brewer charged with as sault with intent to commit mur der and whose trial is scheduled to be resumed at Osage Tuesday following several continuances Saturdayhad on file in the office of the clerk of the district court a 525000 damage suit against Floyc county Sheriff B F Atherton his deputy R C McCartney and 6 neighbors Mrs Brewer asked the damages for alleged injuries mental an guish and humiliation as the re sult of her arrest on the farm of her father Joseph Schultz Floyd county Nov 1 1944 She also charged that the arrest was unlawful that the sherifj conceded that he did riot have a valid search warrant when he and his deputy and Sievert Reints Oder and seized towns including bridge site at G miles south of Stettin number oJ the highway 12 portation the rubber reserveand the war production board to is sue deferment certificates in ex cess of the 30 per cent limit for men in the listed occupations The relief in transportation ap vlies to railroads inland water ways Great Lakes Transportation and Airlines in rubber to the production of both synthetic rub ber andvits raw materials in non ferrous mining in both mines and smelters in steel to steel mill vorkers and fonndrymen in coal o mining only The largest of the punctures in he 30 per cent formula is the coal mining liberalization NO MORE MOURNING London Berlin broadcast Saturday told the German home ront that because of shortages of material women must do without black stockings and men without lack ties even in case of the death of the closest relatives lourning bands for the arm are lermitted Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGaiclte amer boy o Irish Celebrate Day Anyway Dublin Iff The shamrock wearing Irish jammed the streets m Dublin Saturday in celebration St Patricks day that was gay in Japan remains untouched A Japanese imperial head I quarters communique acknowl named ln MrsBrewers suit The edged that fires had burned out D nameJ in the petition farm in search of siray calves lost by Reints a neighbor who was among those but dry All saloons were closed and citizens who wished to drovn thej shamrock in traditional style nad to partake of a previously ac quired private supply N Y Weather Perfect for Irish New York Irish wailed 10 years for such a day as this for their St Patricks day parade Fifth avenue Instead of chilling winds rain r snow this day was perfect and a recordbreaker from the At a m EWT the tem perature was 70 the hottest March 17 on record and four de grees above the previous 1898 nigh At a m it was 798 nudging the 802 alltime high for March set in 1921 up FREAK FIRE Teaneck N J Ken wood Place fire company finally succeeded in putting out a blaze on wasterpaper salvage truck The only piece of paper saved1 was a sign reading waste burnj of control in a considerable area of Kobe for at least 8 hours The Superfortresses struck at 230 a m Tokyo time and bombed for 2 hours the communique said Twenty out of the force esti mated by Tokyo at 60 Superfort resses were shot down the com munique said Other planes were said to have been damaged The 21st bomber command did not reveal losses immediately but it was obvious that the enemy claims were greatly exaggerated Only 2 B29s were lost to enemy action over Tokyo last Saturday and one each in the subsequent attacks on Nagoya and Osaka Ground crews here however learned that for the 3rd succes sive raid no Guambased planes had been lost Bomber crews reported fairly heavy Japanese antiaircraft fire and nomerous night fighters over Kobe The Superfortresses were blacked out however and few contacted enemy aircraft Le Mays report of fires cover ing 12 square miles of Kobe was based on the observations of Col W H Blanchard assistant chie staff of the 21st bomber com mand Blanchard over the target area at 4 a m and re mained several hours charting the progress of the fires on a map aided in identifying 6 head of calves as belonging to Reints the petition claimed Sheriff Atherton in discussing the suit said that he was armed with a proper search Warrant and that he read it to Mrs Brewers husband Donald Brewer named in the warrant as operator of the farm All of the defendants are among witnesses for the state and several have already testified in the case Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy in his lap said report nevertheless conclusive He was awaitinc re istruction Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and cooler Sat urday night Sunday increasing cloudiness and warmer Lowest Saturday night 30 Iowa Fair and cooler Saturday night Sunday increasing cloudi ness and warmer Minnesota Fair Saturday night Cooler southeast portion Sun day increasing cloudiness Warmer south portion Dimin ishing winds Saturday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Friday 70 Minimum Friday 37 At 8 a m Saturday 33 the U S 1st a meas town river Wind Causes Much Damage in Garner terrific wind rain and had all the elements of a twister struck Gar ner and the surrounding farm area at 11 p m Friday damaging barns windmills and and putting power lines and telephone lines out of commission Trees in the city of Garner were blown down and windows shat tered Reports of damage were still coming m Saturday morning from a wide territory The plate glass window at the C J Schneider grocery and hard ware store and the glass front in Maries lunch were shattered stained window in the Methodist church was blown in and glass in the courthouse tower was badly damaged In all parts of the city storm and much done o other win n appeared to strike hardest in the rural area north of Garner where nearly every wind mill was blown down The barn was down at the Ken neth Gxeiman farm and on the Sam Wrede farm the henhouse was destroyed and the barn twist At the Ed Wench farm the roof was blown off the barn and on thc Rudy Gelner farm the windmill was down and the barn twisted Much damage waa reported to brooder houses throughout the and it is believed flocks were badly damaged but because of Joor telephone service after the storm few details were available early Saturday morning The Central States Electric com pany reported 6 poles doun west or Garner and all highlines out of out of Ihe telephone company report ed all toll lines out of commission early hour Saturday until an morning Maximum Minimum Precipitation 31 25 trace Loss At Farm Near Hanlontown t Hanlontown A severe storm ivept over Hanlontown and vi mity about midnight Friday ausmg considerable damage to arm and town property A large hollow tile barn on the George Goodell farm a halfmile west of town was damaged the roof falling onto 10 cows stabled inside Two of the cows were killed 2 inured and 6 others were ableto get up but it was not certain all would survive A cattle shed on this farm was also des royed Loss at this place was estimated at A large number of windows were shattered in town The dust collector on the Farmers elevator 2 government steel gram bins were blown off the railroad tracks A coal shed at the creamery was blown over List 45 of Marines as Casualties Guam per cent of the marines who conquered Iwo were killed or wounded in the 6day campaign casualty figures in the bloodiest battle of the Pa cific war indicated Saturday Pacific fleet headquarters said casualties totalled a day or one every two among three marine divisions normally about 45000 mem to11 4189 dead 15306 wounded and 541 missing in action against an estimated 21000 Japanese killed Still more marines and Japanese yet may die The last organized enemy resistance was smashed at 6 p m Friday but scattered dis organized Japanese still remained to snipe and kill from caves AH officers admitted the cost was high but Admiral Chester W said the conquest of the eightsquaremile island 750 miles south of Tokyo brought the war much closer to its inevitable end The United States marines by their individual and collective courage have conquered a base which is as necessary to us in our continuing forward movement to ward victory as it was vital to the enemy in staving off ultimate de feat Nimitz said in a com munique By their victory the Third Fourth and Fifth marine divisions and other units of the Fifth Am phibious corps have made an ac counting to the country which only history will be able to value fully Lt Gen Holland M Howling Mad Smith commanding general 0 fleet marine forces warned that you cant set the cost oflives that you will pay for an island TheUnited Statps and the united nations overall tactical Jlan called for the seizure and oc cupation of Iwo Smith said Its capture was necessary to eon inued vigorous prosecution of the offensive against the Japanese The 3rd and 5lh marine divi sions broke the last organized re sistance on Iwo Friday with a drive through the Japanese lines o Kitano Point northern tip of he island The advance split and scattered the last battered de Tenders of the island The 4th division only a short ime before smashed an enemy pocket in eastern Iwo Almost simultaneously Iwos 2nd airfield was placed in oper ition The airfield on the central plateau was captured Feb 26 The iouthcrn airfield seized earlier ilready vas in operation Both airfields will be used to efuel Superfortresses and per haps for fighters to escort the Riant aiders on theirforays against the Tapanese homeland A 3rd un ompleted airfield also was cap ured but there was no immedi te word whether this too would be made ready for operation Marines killed in the battle of wo totalled 1000 more than the 3100 who died in the 25day bat tle to secure Saipans 71 square miles in the Marianas last sum mer Total casualties in the Saipan campaign were 3413 fewer than on Iwo The number o Japanese killed on Saipantotalled 15978 before organized resistance ended but another 11608 were killed during mopping up operations which still are continuing The average daily casualties on exceeded only on Tarawa where some 980 were killed woundsd or counted miss ing for each of the 3 days of that shortlived but costly campaign Losses on Iwo brought total cas ualties of American ground forces and the central Pacific campaign bcaan in November 1343 to STREET BATTLE RAGES TROOPS FORCE MOSELLE Cut Northern Escape Route for Thousands Caught in Triangle By JAMES M LONG Paris S Third army troops fought into Coblenz in a frontal amphibious assault Satur day and streaked 40 miles south cast of the Rhine city cutting off a northern escape route at Mainz for thousands Germans facing entrapment in the huge Saarland triangle Berlin said armored columns had crossed the Nahe river at Bad Kreuznach 21 miles southwest of Mainz A street battle raged In Coblenz Saturday afternoon Troops of the 87th division in assault boats poured into the northern section at a a m meeting light resistance at the outset and other which jumped the Moselle river south of the city moved up from the southwest The attack carried across the Moselle river near its confluence WiVhe 1Slne Ap Correspondent Thoburn Wiant said Farther north the U S First army expanded its Rhine bridge head and its hold on the Ruhr superhighway and Berlin an nounced loss of Koenigswinter at the northern end of the 13mile long bridgehead Bad Kreuznach is a road hub J1 miles southwest of the Rhine city of Mainz a main escape hatch for the Germans being squeezed by the Third armys lightning lunges southward behind the Siegfried line Two armored columns of the Third army are hammering to ward a junction with the U s Seventh army rolling the enemy bade mtpthe Siegfried line from the south Divisions of two Ger man armies are in this pocket forming m the Saar trianglebe tween the Moselle and Rhine riv An allied front dispatch uid S PattonB V killed 1219 missing wounded and 45405 mnr mor thrust another ID to 15 miles southeast of Simmern Saturday reaching unidentified points 40 roiles southeast of Coblenz and striking to within some 50 miles ot Bitche army nes north of Berlin said the breakthrough by concentrated U S tank force had made this sector of the western front completely fluid The German bunker front of baarbruecken is now exposed Berlin added Seventh army troops are in the outskirts of Saar bruecken at the southwestern corner of the triangle Other units drove to he Rhinp south of Coblenz isolating the of 08000 and pushed up the east side of the Moselle to thc outskirts of the ancient citadel Pattons tanks already halfway From Coblenz to Mainz threatened to pocket remnants of 2 German armies in the triangle formed by the Rhone and Moselle and now frnl 45 to 50 from U S 7 In army men Dedicate Kobe Raid to Brig Gen Saunders Guam Saturdays fire raid on Kobe was dedicated to Brig Gen Laverne Blondie Saunders who commanded the first force of Superfortresses to attack Japan Maj Gen Curtis E Le May announced who served with the bomber command in India and China was injured severely m the crash of a medium bomber and is recuperating at Walter Reed hospital in Washington He formerly was a football star at West Point Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy up from the south The 7th attacking on a 50mile 1 W5S Germans bark doubtful security of the Siegfried line and had taken the MaRinot fortress of Bitche The 3rd army captured 7 towns cleared II and entered another but security measures did not per mit their identification immedi ately German resistance contin ued weak and disorganized and roads south were clogged with re treating nazi vehicles and troopj The tank columns neared Bin gen on the Rhine and Berlin broadcasts admitted a breach in major depth west of the lower Vosges mountains The American 1st army in its expanding Rhine bridgehead de pJoyed tanks on the superhighway connecting Frankfurt and the Ruhr took 4 more towns and won of Hoenmngen at the southern end of the bridgehead now 13 miles long and 7 deep Hecff Reiffert Breinscheld and llohen were taken in the bridge head and some U S units were within 3 miles of open plains lead ing north to the Ruhr Houseto house fighting rased in Hoennin fS1TS and nel mines ft M Jtlliica for the first time in the bridge dispatch Saturday said The German high command an nounced evacuation of Koenies wmter at the northern end of the bridgehead Latest allied dis patches said Americans had won more than half of that town German broadcasts declared again that the new U S 35th army bad been thrown into action in the bndgehead aiming at a breakthrough on the RuhrFrank but insisted tne thrusts had been halted except ;

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