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   Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 14, 1945, Mason City, Iowa                             NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AU NORTH JOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL LI Associated Press and United Press FuU Leased Wires Five Cents a Copy INSIDE WASHINGTON Plan to Educate Germanys ChildrenTermed Silly Idea By HELEN ESSARY Centra Press Columuist e t w e e n boot licking and backbiting the capital of the nation goes its usual way It is hard to tell here in the fog the Potomac whether a cause is a good cause an honest cru sade or whether its a madon inside out Im crusading a little myself to day Indeed Im in a slight rage about the plans of certain United States WorldSavers to educate German children One of those new Allied blueprints for world behavior says this must and can be done Educate German Here is the silliest of all the altru istic ideas thought up by the stay athomes in this hateful war Once again we prove that we as a nation are still in swaddling clothes Not grown up enough to take orange juice with our pab lum Why should we expend money time strength text books note books or transportation for refu gees to educate enemy children Literary tests proved that only of the physically fit young men in this country have ever been to college The greater pro portion of the remaining has not gone beyond a 4th grade education A shocking number of the cannot read or write And this isnt all Many of the young men our own American men citizens of the country we like to think is glorious with op portunity do not want to learn to read or writeMore do not want eo beyona the 4th grade in scholarship Indeed according to the find ings of the National Education As sociation one of the postwar problems on this side of the Lend Lease meridian will be the task of convincing young men that more learning is better than a little and some is better than none at all Obviously we are failing terribly in our responsibility to our own people To many of our own we have not provided adequate educa tion nor made that which we have provided seem attractive How can we look upon our illiterates horn in this land of golden streets and great promise and presume to tell Germany of aiiy other country that pur system of education is superior to theirs How can we presume to spend more honks of the taxes you and I pay into the running expenses of lendlease or United Nations or whatever the organization is while we fail to teach millions of our own people to read and write Certainly we imist have failed to sell them the idea of the ad vantages ofdemocracy Probably millions of illiterate Americans knowjio more about the mean ing of the word than the little Nazis we aim to train away from the beliefs wellorganized Ger man schools have taught them from infancy It does seem to me that it would be far wiser to spend a little more of he taxpayers money 011 high er salaries for American teachers than on collecting German refu gees in this country in paying their own way to the conquered areas of Germany and in there setting up antiNazi schools and paying salaries to the refugee teachers How could anybody with a gleam of realism in his soul im agine that any refisee will not return to the manners and tradi tions of his own country once the dictatorship has been lifted and it is sale to be within the borders of the fatherland We are a shortsighted childish people As swashbuckling a lot of romanticists as ever came out ot the pages of fiction Still I do like us so much bet ter than other we are Peter Pans looking for the Never Never Land 2 FACE DEATH IN BRIDGE WASHOUT Car Runs Into River Youths Reach Safety and Marilee Uh lenhopp children of Mr and Mrs DICK Uhlenhopp escaped serious injury and possible death when the approach to a bridge gave way as they were on their way home in a car from band practice at Hajnptpn Monday night car ran under the end of the bridge below the roadway and landed in the water 2 miles south and a mile arid a half west of Are dale over West Fork river They succeeded in getting out of the car climbed to the top of the vehicle and escaped with minor cuts and bruises They walked to the home of Verne Bushbaum the nearest farmer who took them to their home EXCEEDS QUOTA i Humboldt Cross do j nations have exceeded in i Humboldt county which had a quota of MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY MAKC1I 14 1945 This Paper Consists of Two On ne FIRST APPROACHES AUTOBAHN Batter Gdynia From 3 Sides to Gain Ground in Danzig Area London troops have broken through one of the main German lines west of the Oder in Berlins forefield a Reu ters dispatch from Moscow de clared Wednesday while the Ger man commander in Berlin ordered the reich capital defended above and under ground to the last bul let The German high command an nounced a powerful new Russian offensive aimed at wiping out nazis in East Prussia biit declared soviet attacks from the Lebus bridgehead west of the Oder north of Frankfurt broke down The Reuters dispatch said Mar shal Gregory Zhukovs first White Russian army overran a main German line on an 18mile Oder front between captured Kuestrin and threatened Frankfurt Mos cow still maintained official si lence on this Berlin front German broadcasts said the front was aflame for 115 miles from Stettin south to Guben and Porst the Neisse river bastions on Marshal Ivan Konevs first Ukrainian front southeast of Ber lin Bitter i fighting is raging all along this front for Stettin Frankfort Gnben and Forst as well as from bridgeheads on the Oder aiming for the most attrac tive target of said a Transocean broadcast The East Prussian assault was opened early Tuesday after a heavy artillery barrage the Ger man broadcast said with separate red army columns driving west ward on either side of Zinten 20 miles below Koenigsberg An earlier dispatch from Mos cow gave some support to the German report It said there were signs the battle of Koenigsberg was flaring up with new vigor Col Ernst von Hammer nazi commentator declared that num erous local Russian thrusts has provided a tipoff that a major assault was imminent in East Prussia Westward at the tip of the Po lish corridor Russian storm forces were battering Gdynia from 3 sides as the German foothold on the bay of Danzig steadily dwindled Field dispatches reaching Mos cow indicated Marshal Konstantin K Rokossovsky was determined to wipe out the Gdynia pocket at top speed leaving the city of Danzig to be dealt with later Red army forces were said to be closing in on Gdynia from the north west and southwest while aircraft ranged out to sea to choke off enemy efforts to reinforce or evacuate the besieged port Gdynias mopup would lay Dan zig open for complete encircle ment Fighting along foe Berlin front from Stettin to Frankfort was dis missed by official Russian reports as having only local signifi cance Butthere seemed no doubt Marshal Gregory K Zhukov was increasing pressure against the enemys positions on the west bank of the Oder especially near Frankfurt so he can deploy the breakthrough armies when the time comes to strike for the Ger man capital By German account Zhukov already has sent 9 divisions or nearly 100000 men west of the Oder between Kuestrin and Frankfurt but the Russians never have announced any crossing of the river in that area A hard struggle continued in Stettins eastern suburb Altdamm where Zhukov is trying to pene trate a deep belt of mines and antitank guns in the wooded hills south of the DammschctSec Claim Reds Break Nazi Linein Berlin Fore field GERMANS CLAIM NEW OFFENSIVE INEASTPRUSSIA Five Square Miles of Osaka Burns Guam solid sea of flame visible 125 miles away burned out five square mites of Osaka Ja pans biggest war production cen ter Wednesday in the third great Superfortress raid in five days on the enemy homeland A 21st bomber command an nouncement also increased the areas levelled in the two previous mammoth fire raids to 17 square miles in Tokyo and two square miles in Nagoya That made a grand total of 24 square miles of Japans three lar gest cities destroyed in the past 96 area greater than ali New Yorks Manhattan island or Jersey City In the latest attack more than 300 Superfortresses converted the center of Osaka second largest city in Japan into a holocaust with more than 2300 tons of fire bombs Bombs rained down at the rate of 400 tons an hours for three hours in the predawn darkness The flames enveloped war plants turning out guns tanks explosives and other vita weapons as well as business blocks city buildings and thousands of flimsy dwell ings Ninety per cent of the build ings in the 10square rhiie target area of wood and plaster construction The fires seemed a lot closer together than at Nagoya Tail Gunner Cpl William G Reed of 257 Granada avenue Long Beach CaJ said On our way out we saw some really terrific flames Brig Gen Thomas S Power of Ft Worth Tex cpmmander of the Guambased contingent also said the fires were very concen trated Men in an observation plane got the impression of a solid mass of flames he said A Japanese communique ac knowledged tfeat some fires still were out of control 10 hours after the start of the raid It said the B29s bombed blindly from above clouds and damaged various places in the city area The giant raiders ran into stiff antiaircraft fire and a blinding network of fight er opposition was meager Only one plane was lost to enemy ac tion The Japanese claimed that 11 Superfortresses had been shot down and about 60 damaged in the raid on Osaka The Osaka raid marked the 3rd major step in the commands an nounced campaign to destroy Japans industrial cities and thus strike a bodyblow to the enemys warmaking potential Osaka 245 miles west of Tokyo il8nmes west Nasoya has 3250000 inhabitants 600000 of them in the 10squaremile target area of the B29s It is the most denselypopulated cty in Japan Osakas 52000 factories turn out ships tanks planes guns explo sives chemicals and textile prod ucts Among the 3500 airmen who bombed Osaka were many who also had participated in the Nagoya and Tokyo strikes When they landed at their Marianas bases Wednesday they had com pleted 48 hours in the air out ot the last 110 These War Bonds Go a Long Way Tuscaloosa Ala Hams found a war bond on his farm The bond had been issued to Ola Mae Burns of Meridian Miss and investigation showed it was blown from her home on Feb 12 when a tornado hit and demol ished the house which is 100 miles west of Tuscaloosa Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Mostly cloudy and somewhat cooler Wednesday night and Thursday Thursday light rain Lowest Wednesday night above freezing Iowa Mostly cloudy with occa sional light rain Wednesday night and Thursday Somewhat cooler Minnesota partly cloudy Wednes day night and Thursday scat tered light showers extreme south Wednesday night and southwest and extreme south Thursday cooler northeast and east central Wednesday night little change in temperature Thursday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statistics Maximum Tuesday 56 Minimum Tuesday 40 At 8 a m Wednesday 40 Rainfall Trace YEAR AGO Maximum 32 Minimum 23 Precipitation 32 MEATSHORTAGE WILL BECOME MORE SERIOUS Expect Further Cuts in Civilian Food Rations Soon Washington hurryup investigation of the American food supply was urged in the sen ate Wednesday as an American meat institute spokesman de clared the present meat shortage will become even more serious On the other hand Senator OMahoney D said he had reason lo believe there will be announcements in the near fu ture that will improve the sit uation He did not elaborate G L Childress general man ager of the Houston Tex Pack ing company blamed government price control policies for damming up the supply of hogs Fn testimony prepared for an afternoon session of the senate hanking committee Childress speaking for the American Meat institute also said Lack of enforcement by the OPA in the case of black market operators is a contributing factor to the situation Present hog prices he said are substantially above the lev els anticipated by ceilings on pork products The same is true with beef with a result that the in dustry has been forced to operate for an extended period with heavy losses These losses cannb con The senate which Tuesday heard Senator Eastland D Miss de clare that virtually the entire salt meat supply has been going to Russia was urged Wednesday to act speedily on resolutions to set up a fivemember investigating committee Senator Wherry R Nebr who made the request said the committee would examine all phases of food production proces sing distribution and transporta tion Another proposed committee would investigate exports and im ports of food As the situation now stands de mands for meat sugar butter and other fats considerably exceed prospective supplies The war food administration has proposed that some of the commitments made for lendlease and foreign relief be reduced drastically and that mili tary demands be trimmed some what for the AprilJune quarter to permit civilian supplies to be maintained near present levels Opposition to this WFA propos al has been raised by the war de partment and agencies represent ing lendlease and foreign relief The matter has been submitted to a special committee headed by Foreign Economic Administrator Leo T Crowley Doubt is being expressed in various government quarters how ever that this committee will be able to settle the matter without taking it to President Boosevelt In the same quarters it is he ing predicted that the ultimate decision will be to reduce civilian supplies temporarily in order to meet as many foreign commit ments as possible This prediction is tfesed on the contention that Mr Roosevelt would wish to avoid weakening this country in international rela tions at this stage of the war and Ibe planning for peace Those who voice it say such a development might result should the United Slates back np some of its foreign food pledges M K Bennett chief of FEAs food allocations division wrote several weeks ago in an official publication that the United States might face embarrassing mo ments in international relations if it failed to meet international obligations7 on food The FEA represents lendlease and foreign relief claimants Those who argue for fulfillment of commitments recall that Amer ican propaganda early in the war emphasized the slogan that Amer ican food will win the war and write the peace Withdrawal of American supplies at this time might hinder they say this coun trys effort to get a good peace WFA officials contend fulfill ment of all foreign demands might icut the amount of meat available i in the AprilJune qurer lo i around 116 pounds on a yearly basis lowest since the 1936 t drought year MANY STARS FORGED OFF JOB IN HOLLYWOOD STRIKE Silence descended on the movie capital s big sound stages one by one as the most serious strike in its liston a studio crafts threatjmed to engulf the ndustvV Stilkers are shown above pjeketog Waraer Brothers studio while property department workers in the background go through the picket line Over 15000 are WctedbvSrunion walkout jurisdctional dispute called by the conference of studio unions and nume us Btara have been unable to at the studios only to return to their homes Gen MacNiders Command Takes Batangas Airstrip Manila American troops swept up 4 more vil lages on Mindanao and stabbed more than 2 miles inland from Zam boango Wednesday against increasing Japanese resistance In the southwestern corner Luzon the 158th regimental com bat team under the command of Brig Gen Hanford MacNifler of Mason City cleared Calumpan peninsula captured the provincial capital of Batangas and a nearby airstrip At the same time other Ameri can forces stepped up their cam paign on Luzon They cut the main Japanese line east of Ma nila cleared the entire western shore Bay andre openert Bay to U S shipping The mounting ground offensives on Luzon and Mindanao largest strongholds of the Japanese in the Philippines came as American bombers opened a campaign to neutralize the 180 mile lonf Sulu archipelago stretching from Min danao to oilrich Borneo Liber ator bombers began the attacks with a 53 ton raid on Sanea Sanga and Zettel airdromes near the southern end of the island chain Veteran fighters of the 41st di vision fought behind tanks against Japanese machinegun and mor tar fire to expand the beachhead around Zamboanga at the south western tip of Mindanao 2nd largest island in the Philippines A cluster of 4 more Canelar Sinonog Pilogo and San ta seized just north of Zamboanga and the troops last were reported more than 2 miles beyond the city As the Americans continued pursuit of the Japanese into the hills fringins the northern out skirts of Wolfe and San Roque air fields a communique said the Japanese were increasing their resistance with mortars and ma chine guns The Japanese rapidly being compressec throughout the Philip pines by U S troops and guer rillas also were fighting stub bornly but futilcly on Luzon Elements of the U S Gth divi sion behind an 800 pound artil lery bombardment and under an aerial cover punched a one mile hole through the strongly defend ed Japanese line east of Manila The thrust near Mount Malaba northeast of the capital cut the enemys main northsouth communication and supply route runnine through thehoney combed hills of the Marakina wa tershed First cavalry division units si multaneously nipped off the end of the Japanese line by complete ly occupying Antipole 10 miles to the south almost without opposi tion after a 16 day battle Front line reports said the Japanese were shelling the Amer icans in Batangas with 11 inch naval guns from Mount Macolod near the southeast coast of Lake Taal north of Cuenca The drive around Balangas Bay was rapidly converging with 3 thrust from the north by elements of the ilth airborne division which was pushing down from inland Laguna Bay GUT DOWN LIST FOR NEW GARS Only 8 Groups Now Eligible for Permit Washington UP The OPA Wednesday reduced the eligibility list for new 1942 passenger cars from 26 to 8 groups Those eliminated will be eligi ble to buy used 1942 models Only about 10000 new cars re main for rationing after March The principal change eliminates hometowork driving as a qual ification for a new car Groups retained on the list 1 Government employes pro vided they are engaged in fire fighting crime detection law en forcement specifically related to public health and safety and transportation of mail 2 Physicians surgeons and midwives who arc govornmental ly licensed for necessary outside calls and calls between offices 3 Farm veterinarians for serv ing agricultural establishments 4 Public health nurses but not private nurses for necessary calls 5 Ministers or religious prac titioners of organized religious faiths for regularly serving a lo cality 6 Members of the armed forces or state military forces for official business but not for transfer from post to post of hometopost trav el 7 Taxicab ownersfor renlace j ments or with the permission of the ODT for additions to their fleets I 8 Owners of carrental nesses exclusively for rental to those in the 7 other classes in ex change for a new car certificate This arrangement is set up lo i cover cases where a certificate holder prefers to rent rather than to buy a car Think Ceiling on Tickets Unnecessary Washington senate banking committee thinks price controls on movie tickets are not necessary Chairman Robert F Wagner D N Y said after an executive ses sion Wednesday that the commit tee considers OPA Administrator Chester Bowles presented no evi dence to justify his request for legislation to put OPA price con trols on movie admissions ball games concerts and other amuse ments Bowles will beinvited to tell his story to the committee in per son next Tuesday Wagner said Bowles asked for the legislation Tuesday in a letter to Wagner The senators read it Wednesday It said movie admission prices had gone up per cent since June 1941 Onethird of the increase Bowles said is traceable to taxes Navy Aims to Fight Growing Optimism Washington navy in tends to fight any letdownin the after victory is won in Europe It plans to remind the public again and again that there is still a tough war going on in the Pacific and that naval personnel are go ing to have to stick to their jobs until the Japanese are beaten This it was learned Wednesday is one of the major aims of a new lyadopted public relations policy for the navy It was outlined in a memorandum to all navy publi relations officers GERMANS CLAIM 3RD TRYING TO CROSS MOSELLE Americans Say Bridge in Fine Condition Despite Enemy Raids Paris if First army troops slugged their way through the hills rimming the Remagen bridge head Wednesday to within a mile and a quarter of the Frankfurt Ruhr Autobahn The German radio declared Lt Gen George S Palton was trying to cross the Moselle at several points west of Kobicnz but there was no confirmation from the al lied side The Germans said the 3rd army attempts were beaten back but that now Pattoti had brought up 4 infantry and 3 to 4 tank divisions for a largescale attempt to force the river The Germans said crossing at tempts were being made at Brot tenbach and Hatzenport the lat ter 16 miles southwest of Koblenz The captured Ludeudorff bridge leading to American crossRhine ierritory meamvliile re ported in better condition than ever although it has been hit by enemy shells several times Work done to repair the harm caused by American air raids accounted for the improved condition of the brjdge front line dispatches said There were indications that the Germans were not committing all their available strength against the bridgehead because they were wary of possible crossings at other points The biggest concentration of German tanks yet threatening the bridgehead were sighted Tuesday around the village of Stakthari nen due east of Remagen and be tween the American lines and the superhighway to the Ruhr The number of tanks seen was only about 15 or 20 however The capture of Honuef provided a firm northern anchor for the bridgehead into which men and material streamed across 2 bridges to reinforce the 70000 men the Germans said already were there Thirteen towns were captured mostly on the east side of the Moselle The fighting was in the rugged Hochwald and Hunsrueck mountains which made proKress slow Lt Gen George S Pattons army captured a record bag of G 619 prisoners Tuesday raising its 9 day total to 27127 Most of these 10 ngni any letdownin the srrendprirt vtt i umns Homier a picturesque watering Place of 9000 was he IarKest Place yet conquered in thc Rcma gcn bridgehead Significantly it was in thc area where Field Mar shal von Model displayed his greatest resistance Other 1st army troops fought into the last 2 miles of wooded hills between them and the 6lane superhighway linking the Huhr LIBERATED Washington war de partment announced Tuesday that 3 lowans all 2nd lieutenants were among prisoners of war lib erated from the Germans by sov iet armies They were Harold J Carrol Cedar Rapids Richard D Engleliart Davenport and Donald A OhI Iowa City Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy 1250 BOMBERS OVER GERMANY Blast Railways Oil Refineries Armament London Germany was mauled from the air Wednesday for the 30th straight day as the U S 8lh air the manpower equivalent of a full in fantry division made another mass bombardment of nazi rail ways oil refineries armament plants and submarine pens Hundreds of allied fighters pro vided close cover for thc Remagen J bridgehead and other American bombers from Italy gave trans portation targets another going over The giant force of 1250 U S heavy bombers and 650 fighters from Britain split into a dozen attack groups alter crossing the North Sea The big daylight blows followed a 5pronged stab at targets be tween the western front and Ber lin by British night bombers which had started this longest un broken series of raids of the war with a big lire raid on Dresden Feb 13 AMERICANS EXPAND RHINE can 1st army troops expanding their bridgehead have cap tured Hargarten and Honnef The west bank of the Mo selle river was Americanheld except for a pocket from Trier tlle Yanks took the Kuhi theJRAF hit Dortmund with about 5000 tons of bombs in 29 minutes Heavy line is the approximate battle   

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