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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 13, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OCPARTMCMT OF ARCHIVE VOL U Associated mag United Press rullleued Wlna Five INSIDE WASHINGTON Form Subsidy Payments Not to Exceed 4445 Central Press Capita Staff are ex pected to get under way within the next 2 weeks on the admini strations legislation for United States partici pa t i o n in the Bretton Woods monetary agreements for postwar eco nomic stability The legisla tion f ac e s strenuous o p position in both the House and Senate with the great un known quan Slorgenthau tity the stand to be taken by He publicans Chairman Brent Spence D of Kentucky of the House banking committee plans extended hear ings with Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthau the chief wit ness Principal opposition comes from the American Bankers association Congress is expected to limit federal subsidy payments to farmers in the coming fiscal year by spent for that pur pose thisyear by the Commodity Credit corporation Despite farm bloc pressure the House probably will go along with Senateap provedlegislation containing that figure The big battle will come when the RFC appropriation bill reaches Congress More than half a billion dollars a year is now being paid out by HFC in rollback subsidies on meat butter cheese and flour MASON ClTlf IOWA TUESDAY MARCH 13 1945 This Paper Comislj of Two Sectionssection On rmwi os JTVO KQ 131 FIRST NEARS SUPERHIGHWAY Nazis Claim 9 Russian Divisions Across Ode The agriculture department and Social Security board are working on a plan to include farmers un der social security each farmer paying Uncle Sam 7 per cent of his net income Hired hands would pay 6 per cent jftiththeir em ployers contributing the addition al 1per cent Congress seems fa vorable to the The press gets a definite as sist in checkingthe scare buying which threatened to put coffee back on the ration list 3 big press associa lions agreed to concerted action Filed emphatic stories that ratiori singVwas not insjgfetoSciaelJuy ing stopped alinostsaVohciSf Members of the armed forces receive and send the staggering total of 7 billion 744 million pieces of mail each year This means they receive 7 and send G pieces each week Thanks to their franking ilege they saved 91 million dol lars per year in mailing costs It costs the Army and Navy about 25 millidn dollars annually how ever to transport armed services mail to the The nations home front will be taking orders from the Army now until Japan is defeated Washington insiders see the hand oJ Maj Gen Lucius Clay be hind the recent orders emanating from War Mobilizer James office Clay nominally is deputy war mobilizer but is regarded in capital quarters as virtually top man Despite advancement of the midnight curfew as a method of saving coal manpower and trans portation reports are current that General Clay sponsored the or der because of alleged gripes from foxhole and front line troops Large Force of Superf orts Hit Osaka Washington of Superfortresses showered fiery destruction upon a 3rd great Japa nese city Tuesday with an incen diary bomb attack on Osaka The Superfortresses attacked in very large force the 20th air force announced That meant that Osakas war factories got punish ment comparable to that handed to Tokyo and Nagoya both of which were hit by upwards of 2 000 tons of fire bombs B29s from Saipan Tinian and Guam participated in the attack Superfortresses from Maj Gen Curtis E Lemays 21st bombei command Tuesday March 14 Japanese time carried out in very large force an incendiary attack upon strategic industrial targets in Osaka an announce ment said The mission was similar In form to the strike last Friday against Tokyo and Sunday against Nagoya the air force a nonnced at the war department B29 aircraft participated from Saipan Tinian and Guam Farther details will be announced as soon as additional Information becomes available The attack was the 2nd against the important industrial city of Osaka OUT OP CIGARETS New York cigaret coun ter m the lobby of the Central Court building Brooklyn dis played this sign No No Ntf butts STRIKETOWARD CAPITAL FROM 3 BRIDGEHEADS Germans Say Forces Holding Red Attacks to Expand Footing London broad casts declared Tuesday at least 9 soviet divisions had crossed the Oder river between Kuestrin and Frankfurt and were attempting to beat toward Berlin The Berlin radio said red army forces were striking toward the capital from Kietz on the Oders west bank opposite fallen Kues trin from a bridgehead opposite Goeritz 6 miles farther south and from a 3rd bridgehead at Lebus 12 miles south of Kuestrin and 4 north of Frankfurt Capture of Kuestrin 38 miles east of Berlin and 16 north of Frankfurt was announced by Moscow Monday but the German high command said nazis still were fighting in the southern fringes of that of the 3 biggest fortresses guarding the path to Berlin The German communique de clared Russians were attacking powerfully north of Frankfurt in attempts to expand their Oder bridgeheads but Insisted the at tacks were held Moscow still had not officially reported any crossings of the Oder but dispatches said 3 red army groups apparently were be ing disposed for an assault on the German capital Kuestrin churned to fell after 5 days hantlTtOrhand battle theRussians Japs Put Up Disorganized Resistance on Mindanao Yanks Capture the battled within of the church spires of Dan zig where the war began Part of the civilian population and mili tary larrison of Danzig has been evacuated by sea Moscow dis patches said But red armyplanes now had blocked sea escape lanes and a soviet correspondent said the end ofs German divisions trapped on the Danzig coast is drawing near Someaccounts said the Germans were fleeing in panic Farther east the siegetight ened on Koenigsberg East Prus sian capital A large portion of the population apparently had es caped The German garrison of Kues trin was believed to have com prised several battle sections each made up of 10 battalions of Infantry and 100 guns Germans remnants chiefly officers made a last stand In the old fort Moscow said Russian guns poured shells across the Oder into strong Ger man positions Final mopup of the city in the southeast triangle formed by the confluence of the Warthe river with the Oder opened up lateral communications skirting the Oder from one end of Marshal Gregory K Zhukovs front to the other The Germans obviously are jit tery over the prospects that Zhu kov may choose Kuestrin as the to send his second White Rus sian army group across the Oder in strength The enemy radio in fact de clares the Russians already are across the stream in this area One German broadcaster said Monday that several crossings south of Kuesmn had been merged into a single attack on a broad front That rumors are sweeping the Berlin populace was indicated by German broadcast denying soviet airborne troops had one that landed near the Field dispatches make it plain that the Germans have assembled a great concentration of fighting reserves west of the Oder Mine fields stretch for miles np and down the river on the Berlin side The big highway and railway bridres at Kueslrin have been wrecked A companion battle to his vic Jory in Kuestrin still is being waged by Zhukov against another vital enemy bridgehead that em braces the eastern outskirts of Stettin Based in the three suburbs of AHdamm Finkenwalde and Podjuch this position however is being steadily whittled down by slashing Russian attacks What Zhnkov going ionr Oder Js viewed In Moscow as plainly preparatory to the next mat stage in the soviet offensive but the timing of that blow in expected he will be army groups com which it is joined by manded by Marshals Ivan S Konev and KonsUntin R Rokos sovsky has the enemy imessinr Konevs forces are drawn up in strong battle array to the south east of Berlin Veteran U S troops fanned out rapidly in southwest Mindanao Tuesday against only disorganized Japanese resistance after capturing the administrative city of Zamobanga The swift drive firmly established a bridgehead 3 miles long and nearly 2 miles wide along Basilan strait and brought the fall of Zamboanga city 4 villages and 2 valuable airdromes The effect of the initial surprise of the invasion now in its 4th day continued Gen Douglas Mac Arthur emphasized in his com nunique that the Japanese had not yet been able to effectively organize their forces In the first 30 hours after the landing seasoned jungle fighters of Maj Gen Jens A Does 41st division barreled through 3 miles of elaborate steel and concrete pillboxes to reach Zamboanga Japanese forces which fled to the surroundine hills peppered the advancing troops with ma chine gun and mortar fire but the communique said the enemy in flicted only minor loss to our troops While one column of Does forces tumbled Zamboanga with its administration buildings En other unit drove inland and seized San Rogue airdrome miles northwest of the city San Roque airfield was the 2nd major airdrome taken on Min danao and provided theAmeri cans with a number of airstrips Reconnaissance planes already were operating from Wolfe air field threequart ers of a mile in land from the initial landing spot at San Mateo PT boats maintained a steady patrol of Basilan Strait support ing Lthe ground troops ashore with alsoteamed force Mitchdl medium bbmbers to rake Tsae on Basilah island across the narrow strait frontMin danao A riumner of small Japa nese craft were sunk off the southern end of Baiilan Fighters and bombers also sup ported MacArthurs troops steadily compressing the Japanese pockets on Luzon East of Manila the first cavalry division continued the envelop ment of Antipolo and seized high ground east of the southern anchor of the Japanese line The advance around Antipolo brought the Americans to points from which they could shell Japanese posi tions in thecity Ten miles to the north troops the 6th infantry division turned back several Japanese counterat a area and re drive through the tacks in the sumed their a strongly defended enemy cave network dug deeply in the moun tain sides Nominates 9 Generals for Promotion Washington lieuten ant generals were nominated by President Roosevelt Tuesdav to be full generals inthe U S army They are Joseph T McNarney supreme deputy allied commander Medi terranean theater Omar N Bradley commanding general 12th army group west ern front in Europe Carl Spaatz commanding gen eral U S strategic air force in Europe George C Kenney commanding general far east airforces Mark W Clark commanding general 15th army group in Italy Walter Krueger commanding general 6th army Philippines Brehon B Somervell command ing general army service forces Jacob 1 Devers commanding general 6th army group Euro pean theater Thomas T Handy deputy chiet of staff U S army Elevation of the 9 would give the army U 4slar generals active service The others Generals Joseph W Stilwell chief of army ground forces and Malin Craig chairman of the secretary of wars personnel board In addition the army has 5star generals Marsfial Arnold MacArthur and Eisenhower LIBERATED Washington Amer ican prisoners of war liberated by advancing soviet armies Pvt Walter C Marshal wood Iowa and Capt Joseph A Schneider Ames the war de partment reported Monday Battle for Iwo Nears Mopup Stage Guam 23day battle of Iwo neared the mopup stage Tuesday i Marines of the 5th division gradually were crushing the last organized resistance in a shrink ing pocket along the north coast of the tiny island only 750 miles south of Tokyo Probably fewer than 1QPO of the original garrison of 20000 re mained in the pocket but they i were fighting to the death against marines armed with flame throw1 ers tanks and guns Their backs to the sea they faced only death I or few prisoners I were being taken I Army fighters operating from the captured airfields on Iwo and warships offshore supported the 5th divisions attacks with bombs and shells The campaign along the northi east and east coasts already in the mopup phase The 3rd and 4th divisions were rounding up scattered enemy snipers in the rockribbed area Only a single i enemy pocket of resistance re mained by 6 p m Monday Army fighters bombed and strafed targets on Chichi in the Bonin1islands north oftwo Jima m the f ace oJ intense antiaircraft fire 7 Liberators M the lltS arrnyair force bombed Installations at Suribachi on Paramushiro and Katanokaon Shumushu in the northern Kurile island north of Japan Sunday Columns of smoke rose to 15000 feet after the at tack Major Movie Studios Forced to Shut Down by Stage Hand Strike Hollywood 2 day strike of stage crews left movie stars twiddling their thumbs and almost every major studio in town shut down Tuesday while the unions battled it out with producers and the war labor board A jurisdictional dispute between 2 AFL unions claiming to repre sent 78 screen set decorators mushroomed into a squabble that tied up the whole film industry and left 15000 workers out of a job Stars and stage hands who braved the picket lines spent Monday sitting around on empty When machinists eleciri carpentevs and painters joined the walkout in sympathy harried producers told everybody they might as well go home Herbert Sorrell president of the German reports that powerful conference of studio un ions ordered 8000 union members off the job to force the studios to recognize the AFL set designers local 1421 painters international union as bargaining agent for the 78 set decorators He demanded producers follow a war labor board order recog nizing the painters union until the WLB could settle a dispute between it and local 44 AFL in ternational theatrical stage em ployes rets cians GERMANY Koomgswihtei Honnef Bruchhausen LDaltenberg Hoenmngen Isenburg Four Agency Supply Bill Gets Approval Washington J4agency supply than j half of it for the rapidly expand I ing state department and a juve nilecrimeworried justice depart house appropria tions day MYyen YANK DRIVES ALONG arrows indicate of American drives to expand the Rernagen alongthe east tttelRhine vSolid line is the awifoSSiate feattleTfront Nazi Pilots Fly Suicide Missions to Destroy Bridge By JOHN B McDERMOTT Remagen Bridgehead Germany Germans are flying what the Americans call suicide missions against the first army bridges across the Rhine in desperate efforts to cut the lifelines to the Remagen bridgehead I Tuesday U could be revealed that in the last 5 days 135 Gerj man planes have made suicide attacks on the bridges Sixtyfive were shot down Fourteen others disappeared in the clouds trail ing cometlike tails of smoke and tame The first army men say the German air force must be on its last legs That is the only way they can explain its failure to go all out to destroy the railway bridge over which the Yanks crossed the Rhine last week Between 1 p m and 6 p m Monday 35 German serschmitt 109s and FockeWulf 350 attacks They tried hard to bomb and shoot up appropria committee approval Tues Its overall total was more than the same departments received for the current year For t h e 12 months beginning July 1 the bill will finance by these amounts the activities of the justice department state department com merce department and the judiciary Debate on the measure is sched uled Wednesday Much of the in crease voted the state department the committee said is necessary because the departments activi ties have become definitely in tertwined with the economic and commercial activities of nations Subscribing generally to the de partments program for expansion as outlined by Undersecretary Joseph C Grew the committee noted that its estimated financial needs for the next fiscal year are not greater than the requirements for waging war as it is waged to day for less than 8 hours This country the committee added must avail itself of every opportunity and every means to prevent a repetition of the present conflagration Grew had referred to the state department as our first line of national defense The committee approved a 000 item for expenses of Unitec States participation in the united nations war crimes commission after state department officials confidence the commission would not fail to establish cases for punishment against Hitler Goebbels and other high ranking nazis The bill includes to se up an embassy in the Philippines The justice departments funds include a increase in the divisions allotment in are were Glen Buy yonr War Bonds and Stamps from yonr GlobeGazette carrier boy The New Veterans Service Column Appeoring 3 times week Watch for it GlobeGazette the bridges Front dispatches bridges over the Rhine at the bridgehead tended to bear out the first army had 2 pontoon bridges across the Rhine to supplement the captured Ludendorff bridge They had to fly through one of the greatest concentrations of antiaircraft fire in history Get ting tangled up in it even when it is on your side drives home the idea of calling the Germans suicide airmen lit was just 1 j m when I ob Ared as our Jeep reached the east bank of the Rhine that the trip was easy enough The words were hardly out of my mouth when the whole world seemed to cave in Antiaircraft guns machine guns cut loose around us We dived out and hugged the ground I thought Shis is it Nobody can come out of this alive The bullets ripped into the dirt beside us as a diving plane roared past As half a dozen of us including the jeep driver Jim Spelker of Fayetteville Ohio picked our selves up I heard an antiaircraft gunner a few yards away calling the German airman some harsh names and lamenting I saw him coming hot I couldnt nail him T got a few slags into him bat he got back In those damned clouds The gunner was Pvt George Pike of Salem Slass All the rest of the afternoon was an unbroken series of scrambles for shelter to avoid bombings strafings or shelling Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy PAY INCREASES County Attorneys Some State Officials Included Des M oines in creases for officials of the state banking department and conser vation commission and for county attorneys and their assistants won approval of the house of repre sentatives Tuesday The raises were provided for in 4 separate bills which now go to the senate Another house bill providing in effect wage increases for mcm refeiTing to j bers of the state soil conservation PUT PONTOON BRIDGE ACROSS TO BRIDGEHEAD Enlarge Footing Against Stiff Nazi Counterattacks committee also was approved It would increase from 150 to SOD the number of days for which com mittee members may draw diem fees of S10 The 87 to 5 vole per was The house voted to raise the salary of the deputy state banking superintendent from 54800 to 750 a year and bank examiners from 54800 to a year Un der the conservation commission measure the salary of the director would be raised from 54000 to a year Conservation offi cers be raised from to S1800 a year These raise and those given to banking department officials would be limited to 2 years The vote on the banking department bill was 96 to 0 and the vote on the conservation commission measure was 98 to 0 The salaries of county attor neys which are on a graduated scale would be raised 20 per cent but in no case more than The vote was 97 to 0 Assistant county attorneys also would be raised by the 20 per cent rule The vote on that measure was 93 to 0 The committee explained that 22 cases held up at the request of war agencies are expected to be released for trial The committee voiced a hope the division soon would be able to renew its drive against loan sharks and clear up the entire loan shark business Singled out for commendation svas the federal bureau of inves tigation and Us director J Edgar Hoover The committee rejected a budget bureau recommendation for reductions that vould have required the FBI to close 5 field offices and dispence with the services of 400 agents In support of this action the committee said Hoover presented a depressing analysis of crime conditions shewing an increase since 1941 of 134 per cent in the number of girls under 18 arrested and a 21 per cent increase in ar rests of juvenile males To help the justice department cope with a serious Mexican border situation the committee approved an allotment of 000000 or the immigration and naturalization service During the first 7 months of the current fis cal year it reported approxi mately 42000 law violators were apprehended on the border many spotted from an autogyro ac quired from the army Approximately was cut by the committee from bud get estimates for the commerce department of which Henry A Wallace recently was named headAlmost all of the reduction was in funds earmarked for the census bureau Rats Wont Desert Modem Flying Ship Guam UPJ Bombardier Lt Vernon Wheeler of Chattanooga Tenn said Tuesday he became certain 50roiles out from Nagoya Monday that his B29 would make it home safely A rat ran up my pants leg he said I was sure wed get home wheti I found the rats hadnt deserted the ship Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Increasing cloudiness and continued mild Tuesday night Lowest about 35 Wednes day mostly cloudy becoming cooler in afternoon Light show ers late Tuesday night or Wed nesday morning Iowa Increasing cloudiness and continued mild Tuesday night Wednesday mostly cloudy be coming cooler in afternoon Minnesota Mostly cloudy and con tinued mild Tuesday night Light showers northwest portion Wednesday cloudy with lighl showers northeast portion Cooler Wednesday alternoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statistics Maximum Monday 48 Minimum Monday 33 At 8 a m Tuesday 36 YEAR AGO Maximum 24 Minimum 16 Paris first army has lirown a pontoon bridge across he Rhine to its Remagen bridge lead and has driven to a point less han 2 miles from the 6lane auto bahn linking the Ruhr w i t h Frankfurt on the Main a bridge head dispatch announced Tuesday The doughboys are slowly en larging their bridgehead against stiff opposition and numerous counterattacks said the dispatch from Don of the Asso ciated Press New gains widened the bridge head to nearly 6 miles at points along its 11 mile breach In the German Rhine line The Ger mans estimated that from 60000 to 70000 first army troops were in the critical maximum In crease since Monday of 30000 Americans Hundreds or rocket firing planes were reported assisting the attacking infantry Lt Gen Courtney H Hodges iroops captured a hill north of Koenningen 16 miles northwest of Coblenzr at the southend of the crossRhine salient Border reports reaching Switz erland said Field Marshal von nundstedt had once more been de posed as supreme German com mander in the west These were without Berlin confirmation but one of the reasons for such a shakeup might have been the Ger man fumble which allowed the Ludendorff bridge at Kenutfcn to stand permitting to Rhine with dry feet Gains eastward from the Rhine in the rugged hills sheercliffs and valleys of was relatively slow The Ger mans were making their strong est stand at the north end of the bridgehead where the Americans were but 23 miles from the edge of the Ruhr greatest arsenal A first army officer said re listance inthe center of the iridgehead salient was moderate Defense on the soulh was char acterized as light The German communique said he first army had captured sev eral villages and heights east of ihe Rhine The most bitter fighting on the vhole western front is raging for the bridgehead the Berlin radio asserted The battle still is de veloping and the Americans have lot yet established an operative ase in depth Field Marshal Wal her von Model Rundstedts for mer subordinate in the north and apparently his successor is still busy bringing up reinforcements and only then will Model attempt a concentric counterattack Honnef at the north end of the bridgehead was said to changed hands several times in the last few days and the first army was placed by the foe at ah unspecified position northeast of Honnef The Remagen bridgehead was at least 11 miles long and 5 wide Tanks andtroops of It Gen Court ney H Hodges were striking east north and south They won up to miles Monday and were fight ing Tuesday from Honnef and Hocnningen in an effort to add to the 23 towns already taken in in ner Germany east of the riv4r The continuing news dimbut ob scured the battle within 25 miles of the reminiscent of Anzio and the Normandy beaches Lt Gen George S Pattons 3rd army narrowed the German hold on the west bank of the Moselle to a pocket 6 miles long and 4 deep and mopped up Germans who failed to escape traps in the Eifels Besieged Coblcnz apparently was not yet under frontalassault but Pattons men were in its outskirts and ready to storm the middle Rhine traffic center at any time The 3rd army captured 4503 prisoners Monday raisingits total for 8 days to 20508 Another 108 nazis were buried German artillery scored num erous hits on the Ludendorff bridge at Remagen sometimes momentarily halting the flood of men tanks and guns comprising 4 divisions which the enemy said already had crossed the span The bridge still stood and still was in use Assault boats plied the Rhine as if it were the Mis sissippi the Germans said pon toon bridges had been thrown across Resistance stiffened somewhat in the Westernaid Ginsterhahn and Hargarten fell Monday In the push cist ward toward the Autobahn Cutting of that great concrete roafl paralleling the length of Ihe Rhine front would hamper German quartermasters With some armored support the infantry moved north and
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