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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 2, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AH Ot N C THE MAKES ALL NORTH 1OWANS NEIGHBORS Associated Press and United Press Full Lcascfl Wires Five a Copy MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY MABCB Z 1945 This Paper Consists o Two Sections 9TH WINS RHINE STAND INSIDE WASHINGTON U S England Helped Moke De Gaulle a Hero Central Press Capital Staff Washington Differences be tween France on one hand and England and United States on the other are the latest develop ment in the fluid situation fol lowing disclosure of the Crimean agreements Already the partition of Foland has stirred active resentment Now De Gaulle is making no secret ol his displeasure relegated to an outside place u the meeting that largely laid the groundwork for postwar Europe Hecently De Gaulle used the Trench press to air his disfavor by disclosing he refused to confer with President Boosevclt outside Trance A strange thing was that the refusal was made public before President Roosevelt announced the invitation had been extended This he did the next day and made little pretense in expressing disappointment that De Gaulle had chosen to plead official business as preventing him from traveling to Algiers It is recalled that De Gaulle made open overtures for a long time to meet with the president in Washington and gain his sup port as the leader of France pend Ine free elections in that country Partly under auspices of England and United States De Gaulle to day is a national hero in France In Washington some diplomatic quarters have privately talked about the situation as an instance ol biting the hand that feeds you Nazis Say Reds Reach DanzigStettin Line 2500 ALLIED BOMBERS HIT NAZI TARGETS ISOLAIETROOPS IN POMERANIA DANZIG STATE Report Next Phase of Offensive Will Be Berlin Assault London German high command said Friday that the red army had plunged a spearhead through Pomerania to the Danzig Stettin coastal railroad the last land line of escape for an esti mated 209000 German troops A naii communique reported that Marshal Konstantin K Ro kossovskys refl army cut the road between Koselin and Schlawe That 28mile stretch of the trunk line runs along the Baltic 7 to IZ miles from the coast FDR Agrees to Nazi Soldier Aid in Russia Washington Roosevelt at his first news confer ence following his return from the Crimea agreed Friday with the idea that German exsoldiers should be used to repair war dam age in the soviet union The president also said there would be a number of treaties to be submitted to the senate Cor ratification in addition to the world security charter which will be drawn up at the April 25 San Francisco conference The president said these other treaties arising for decisions of the big 3 at Yalta would deal mostly with what he describedas small details In his report to congress Thurs day Mr Roosevelt said that the United States does not intend slavery forthe German people A questioner Friday pointed out that The allied military government in Europe is not saying much about it but the troubles in estab lishing civilian control comrnis fcsions in Germany are just be t The ctoef difficulty is in find ing local officials untainted with nazi records to assume super visory powers over their fellow The drive cut off all the Ger man troops in northeastern Pom erania the northen end of the old Polish corridor and the Danzig free state Their only exit from these and Baltic pockets was a Dunkerque retreat by sea The German command said so viet tank spearheads striking on a narrow front advanced to the northwest in Pomerania and reached the KoselinSchlawe Germans With Germanys complete breakdown in morality and honor AMG officials are unusually wary about trusting any German pUcitly im road iid the Russians One reason is that he may turn out to be a nazi in disguise An other is that if given authority he may be the object of reprisals The situation was pointed up bj the sentence of an American military court at Aachen against one Otto Meyer who was given a 10year prison term and a fine of 10000 reichmarks for falsifying an identification statement He had denied he was a nazi After being put in a position of power he carried out a calculated cam paign of brutality against other Earlier w wereari sightof Koeslin a junc tion on the railroad Bokossov skys forces appeared to be mov ing against it in force and on the verge of throwing a strong bar rier across Pomerania to the sea The nazi communique also ac knowledged a penetration of our main defense system north of Arnswalde in the sector some 40 miles southeast of Stettin The wedges were driven in from bridgeheads the Russians seized the day before across the Ifma river the Germans said It was in this same sector that a Berlin broadcast said a soviet drive aimed at Stettin had pene trated more than 3 miles into the German positions north of Reetz some 10 miles northeast of Arns walde Nazi broadcasts said Marshal Ivan S Konevs army opened a he Russian point of view is that Germany should provide labor to rebuild wartorn parts of the so viet union Mr Roosevelt said that he did not think it was a bad what he had seen of German de struction in the get German exsoldiers and use them tor rebuilding and repairs in the soviet union The press conference discussion did not into the matter o whether German labor shoulc WESrSaniag Bomb Cologne Dresden Directly Ahead of Yank RussiaifArmies London UP Close to 2500 heavy bombers from Italy and Britain shattered German and Austrian targets Friday with Col gne and Dresden immediately head of the American and Rus ian armies as the chief targets For the first time sinceJan 1 he German air force came up in trength to give violent battle on his 19th consecutive day of the giant allied air offensive At leas 12 enemy planes were shot down n battles over Germany Twen ty more were destroyed on the ground The Germans lost 186 plane when they last gave Importan battle nearly 2 months ago The RAF smashed at Colon with 750 to 1000 planes in th sector directly ahead of the U S 1st army and 1300 Flying Fort resses and liberators hit a series of targets in southeastern Ger many including Dresden an Capture Western Ruhr Duesseldorf Suburb Germans This single instance probably major attack in the area of he repeated many times as the allies move further Into the reich Officials also point out that the entire situation is complicated further by the fact that the Ger mans never have learned the democratic process but always SchweitinUz Silesian rail and road hub 31 miles southwest of be leaguered Breslau Moscow dispatches said great columns Russian guns tractors tankborne infantry and jeeps were streaming westward across German soil for the nest phase of the the frontal assault on Berlin in other countries The president would not say whether the ceding of German territory to Poland would re quire a treaty such as the Ver sailles treaty of the last war but said that be supposed we would have a German treaty some day As to when and what the pres dent said these were ify jues jons and that he was po crystal aier and preferred to win the war first The president said he had not heard officially yet whether France would join in calling the united nations conference as Paris dispatches reported When asked why San Francisco had been cho sen lor the site ol the meeting he said it was just that it looked like a pretty good place The president would not discuss Z questions relating o his Yalta Edward 3 Flynn former national democratic chair man was on a mission to Mos cow and why April 25 was cho sen as the opening date for the San Francisco conference BRITISH TANK IN UEDEM A British tank advances through rubble in warshattered Uedem German town captured in the sweep of the Canadian 1st army toward the Rhineland This is a British official photo depended upon the word of a Marshal Gregory K Zhukovs leader With noone to guide them their moral code such as it was has disappeared and they appar flanks were shielded by the cam paigns in Silfsia and pnmerania His first White Russian avmy ently have decided its every j aiongthe Oder before Her man for himself in appeared ready for action Press reports told of formal dinners given by Russian Premier Marshal Josef Stalin and Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov but Jailed to state how the presidents daughter Anna Boettiger British Prime Minister Winston Church ills daughter Sarah and United States Ambassador W Averill Harrimans daughter Kathleen spent iheir time Now it can be revealed Republican criticism of Presi dent Roosevelts Yalta report muf fled somewhat democratic predic lions the senate is ready to go all out on international peace plans While leading republicans com plained that Mr Roosevelt gave them no news on big S agree ments at the jointsession of con on the authority of War Mobilizer James F all 3 youngwom en acted as messengers and sec retaries But their social activities were limited until several young retJ army officers invited them to make up a dancing party But in warravaged Yalta there was no suitable floor space for dancing However the young officers fount an empty markethall in a near town A phonograph supple mented by local talent supplied the music for an evening or two of dancing The music was swing and red army songs Russian Army Mission Tours Western Front Soviet reports said reinforce ments were moving across the Oder into the red army bridge leads on its west bank the spring oards from which the Berlin ush will be launched Ernst Xon Hammer nazi radio commentator said Konevs army lad regrouped in the Silesian area southwest of Breslau and was striking heavily at German posi tions east of Schweidnitz Soviet assault forces supported by air formations were checked in heavy fighting von Hammer said On the opposite wing the long front before Berlin von Hammer said the Russians stepped up their assaults toward Stettin He said the storm center of the fighting was north Reeu where a pene tration of more than 3 miles was sealed off Fierce fluctuating lighting con tinued in the penetration area gress democrats gen erally credited him with having scored heavily in his plea for non partisan consideration for world security proposals Chemnitz in front ot Russia armies In Silesia oIjZOfHFijjring Fort andv Liberators bpmbe rail yards at Chemnitz and Dre den Saxony strongholds befo the red army in Silesia anoil r finery at Rositz south of Berii a tank factory at Madgeburg an an oil plant south of Leipzig More than TOO Mustang and Thunderbolt fighters shepherded he heavies over Germany The RAF bombers also had a formid able escort Tactical air forces on he continent were assumed to be n action running the sorties against the Germans well into the housands Never before had any such gi gantic force of heavy bombers struck in such a dovetailing of the eastern and western front tactical operations The synchronized assault fol lowed hy a day President Roose velts disclosure that at the Yalta conference direct daily contact between the and western fronts was established A mighty force of Lancaster and Halifax bombers of the royal air force accompanied by swarms o allied fighters struck Cologne around 10 a m The announced aim of the mis sion was to break theGermans hold on Cologne and to slash his transport lines feeding that War ing sector of the western front Nazi broadcasts suggested that the strong force of American Fly ing Fortresses and Liberators was aiming at Dresden in front of the red army atjiear Chemnitz and at Vlabdeburg southwest of Berlin They appeared to have feinted first toward Berlin and then Yank Forces Seize Control of Palawan in Philippines to Blockade Jap Shipping Manila UR American troops landing unopposed on Palawas and in the Philippines virtually cut Japans stolen empire in two island Friday Marines Break Through Jap Defense Belt Guam S marines broke through the enemys main defense belt in Iwo in a hotlycontested advance to within l20Q yards of the north coast Friday The Iwo campaign is moving into its last phases United Press War Correspondent Mac It John son reported from the invasion flagship off Japans tiny fron doorstep island The end of the campaign may come within three to four days i the marine tempo of 400 to 600 yard daily average advance i maintained he said The third marine division at th center of the front breached th enemys main defense line in a 800 yard advance that carried across the western end Iwos third and last airfield The breakthroush at the center iireatened to split the surviving arrison of probably fewer than 0000 Japanese in two for piece meal annihilation Both the eastern and western lanks of the enemy lines also vere under attack but the fourth and fifth marine divisions in these sectors still have as much as 2500 yards to go to reach the northern leaches In the west however Maj Gen Keller E Hockeys fifth division seized hill 362 one of the highest observation posts in the northern area Gen Greaves B Erskine Paris American 9th rmy won a stand on the Rhine Friday and captured the western end of the Ruhr with its large cities of Krefeld and Neuss the alter a suburb of Duesseldorf Germanys whole western front before the Rhine was collapsing Far to the south ancient Trier fell to the American 3rd army which thus pried open the gate of the Mobile valley leading to the middle Rhine cities of Coblenz Mainz and Frankfort Cologne largest and most im portant of all cities in the Rhine land was placed under artillery lire again while the American 1st army fought less than 5 miles away on plains as flat as Kansas Nearly 1000 British heavy bomb ers spread new rubble in the metropolis 2nd only to Berlin as the most bombed cily on earth The 1st also beat within 15 miles of Bonn and 7 of Euskirchen im portant Rhineland transit center The 1st 9th and 3rd armies were waging the greatest all American offensive in history and scoring the greatest victory since he Brittany breakthrough The broken German army was routed oaernente of 41st aiyisipn of the 275 mile long island ath largest and westernmost ol thePmlippmes with the capture of Puerto and 3 nearby airfields on the east coast The successful invasion was the 17th by American forces in the Philippines It enabled the Amer icans to throw an air and naval blockade across Japans shipping lanes to the south and opened the way for a 2way aerial assault on the Malaya peninsula Allied heavy bombers including B29s already have been attacking the peninsula from Burma and India n the west Gen Douglas MacArthurs com munique noted significantly that progressive seizure of Philippines jases tends to cut the enemy in wo and condemn all his eon quests to the south to recapture The troops commanded by Brig Gen Harold J Haney Brazil Ind landed Wednesday on the beaches east of Puerto Princesa after a heavy bombardment by cruisers and destroyers laid waste the islands capital and larges Senate Adopts Tydings Amendment Washington senate amended a pending manpower bill Friday to tighten restrictions against induction of farmers into city the armed forces The proposal by Senator Tyd ings removed from the bill however a provision under uhich 4F agricultural workers would be subject to a 5year pris on term and a fine for leaving farm jobs Tydings amendment adopted tractors carried the initial waves ashore but later heavier landing craft moved into the abandoned Puerto Trincesa harborand unloaded at a freight by voice vote prohibits the draft ing ol essential agricultural workers Advocating passage of a senate military committee substitute for the houseapproved tvork or fight May bill OMahoney declared the latter applied the principle ol compulsory labor Just before he spoke Sen commander of the third division reported the central breakthrough to It Holland M Smith in vasion commander aboard Vice Admiral Richmond K Turners flagship A marine spokesman aboard Turners flagship said the fight ing for the defense line was at the closest range of the entire 11 day When our men got into the enemyheld ground they found the Japs were there he said They had to light it out and killed them in what could nearly be called handtohand fight ing It was believed the remainins enemy defenses guarding the north coast were not so strong as hose which the Americans have lust pierced Behind their lines third divis ion forces cleared encircled Moto yama village administrative cen ter and largest town on Iwo No trace ot civilians was found in the town which lies in the center of the central plateau In sectors Segments had been trapped Venlo and Roermond Dutch bastion cities on the Meuse fell with scarcely a shot The 9th and Canadian 1st armies were within 10 miles of joining hands in a move which might trap thousands of Germanys best para chute and tank troops Curiously the 11 German divi sions fighting the Canadians to the north stood their ground until noon Frioay when they started frantically to cross the Rhine for refuge At Krefeld the AmelicaryiSrefe within 7 miles of Duisburgv the great Hhineland port that serves Gen MacArthur Returns to Battered Corregidor Sees Our Flag Raised Corregidor Douglas MacArthur Friday completed ful fillment of his famed I shall re turn pledge with a tour of the southeast of Koeslin mer reported von Ham island where fortress Corregidor 30000 ill and starving Tydings p Wd called up for Pitr j consideration a farm labor amend The Japanese had installed pilli ment temporarily supplanting a boxes and emplacements town and around the a but abandoned them Filipinos warned by guerrillas hiJ com pletely evacuated the area American bombers hammered STARS TO MARRY Hollywood ff Screen Actor Robert Cummings 36 and act ress Mary Elliott 23 formerly of Gaffney S Car be married Saturday at Riverside Cat the couples studio announced Thurs Duesseldorf already was being battered by artillery as were other parts of the factory packed industrial region The American triumphs had split the Rhine plain The breakthrough salient wid ened to 56 miles from a point 6 miles north of captured Venlo to Zuelpicb on the approaches to Cologne and Bonn At Xeuss the Americans were 290 miles from Berlin the nearest approach from the west One trap already had snapped on whatever Germans were left in the 21by10 mile strip between Venlo and Roermond Escape routes for the rest ot Gen Gustav von Zangens broken 15th army were being sawed off swiftly Krefeld a steel and rail center of 170000 was greater Germanys 35th largest city Among Rhineland conquests it was 2nd only in size to the twin cities of Muenchen Gladbach and Rheydt which were captured Thursday With their populations swollen by war refugees they formed a center of largest German center of popula tion captured by either Gen Eisenhower or his Russian allies lacements in the compromise substitute for the cn ml the airfields J tire manpower bill swung away from that line light fo catch the defenses other prime targets off guard Tactical air force reports said that a week of relentless bombing of the German transport system tiad paralyzed it over an area from west ft Paderborn east of the Ruhr to the zone north of Kassel The Germans were re ported forced to a roundabout routing of troopsand supplies With the U S 3th Army The first important Russian mili tary mission to tour the western front reached the 9th array area Feb 23 it can now be related Maji Gens V Dragoun and I Suslaporov showed great interest 5n the American method of traf fic control in exploitinga break through They also asked to see American tanks and armor in ac PAPER DRIVE SATURDAY March 3 is Waste paper collection day Please hove your waste paper and magazines se curely tied and outon the curb by 9 a m The collec tion starts at that time It is your duty as a patriotic citizen to see that this waste material is ready for the collection on time Your cooperation is needed if this drive is to be a success American troops surrendered to overwhelming Japanese forces May 6 1942 MacArthurs return to Corregi dor came less than 2 weeks afte U S paratroops spearheaded a landing on tho island which guard the entrance to Manila bay MacArthur in ceremonies at the Corregidor parade ground paid tribute to the troops who wrested the rock from its Japanese de fenders He also paid high tribute to the fortress heroic defenders under Lt Gen Jonathan Wainwright 3 years ago I see the old flagpole still stands MacArthur told Col George M Jones Memphis Tenn commander of an honor guard of paratroopers Have your troops hoist the col ors and let no enemy ever haul it down It was a m when the YEAR AGO Stars and Stripes ran up the batI Maximum I tered flagpole I Minimum Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Becoming partly cloudy and colder Friday night with lowest about 10 Saturday fair and colder Tydings amendment was of fered to a proposed general coin promise bill which would wrap up both the doctrine and the employment ceiling sys tem of obtaining vitally needed manpower Sen Revercomb R W Va of fered it as a full substitute for the latter plan which has been in debate all week Sen Robert ins field west of the harbor 1 E0n R Wyo joined him as co formed an air base within easy author and some democratic the capital city and the surround ing area for 2 days before the landing and the airstrips wore found severely scarred The 2 airstrips each with 5000 foot runways north of Puerto Princesa and an emergency land bomber distance from the Japaj members were reported showing nese bases on Borneo and the interest tire Malaya peninsula south Singapore Iowa Clearing and considerably colder Friday night Saturday generally fair and continued cold Minnesota Mostly cloudy Friday night and Saturday with snow in southeast and extreme south portions Friday night Moderate to heavy snow in extreme south east portion Colder Friday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statistics Maximum Thursday 37 Minimum Thursday 31 At 8 a m Friday 31 31 At Puerto Princesa the Ameri cans were only 500 miles from Brunei bay and Tarakan on the north coast of Borneo and 750 miles from Saigon big naval base on the French IndoChina coast The invasion of Palawan was the westernmost penetration of American forces across the Pa cific and in effect cut off large bodies of Japanese troops in the Dutch East Indies from their The compromise sets out as a policy that every individual is homeland While opposed the the landing was un ttoops met some minor resistance as they pushed into the hills around Puerto Prin cesa MacArthurs communique said however that losses were very light obligated to serve the nation in he capacity for which he or she is best qualified So far as workers are con cerned the direct compulsion fea ure now incorporated in house passed legislation would be con ined to male draft registrants of 18 to 45 not specifically exempted Trom induction by law Each local draft board would make a survey to see if any of its registrants are not performing substantial work in a lawful oc as determined by the board Such men would be or dered to report for immediate in duction CONFISCATE COFFINS Stockholm IP The German government has confiscated all available coffins in the Berlin area and none is available to civ ilians except by special permit the Berlin correspondent of the Swedish newspaper Dagcns Iheter said Friday CANCEL VOTE Washington repub lican senators cancelled each others vote when the senate voted 56 to 32 Thursday to confirm Henry A Wallaces nomination as secretary of commerce after the department had been stripped of its lending agencies Senator Wil son voted for confirmation Sen i ator Hickcnlooper against it ALLIES REACH RHINE aveas indicate territory won during the current American offensive across the Roer river in the north Open arrows indicate the 9th army drive which tookMuenchen Gladbach Thursday and was reported fighting for Duesseldorf Friday
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