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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 17, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COUP OF TORY AND ARCHIVES THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 1OWANS NEIGHBORS VOL LI AaocUted Prau United Preu Pull Leased Wire live Cents Copy MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY FEBRUARY 17 1915 NO 113 INSIDE WASHINGTON WarDeportment Scores Switch on Labor Draft Central Press Capital Staff Washington Unwittingly b r not the war department gave the houseapproved labor draft bill a severe setback when it switched its position on the question where responsibility for compul sory manpower controls should lie The departments action led di rectly to the senate committee ar ranging for se er e t hearings on the bill and it gave oppo nents of the legisla tion time to or g a n i z e for a fight in the senate Sen Edwin C Jo1m son D Colo rado revealed JOHNSON the war depart ments move He said that after the committee had ordered the bill favorably reported to the sen ate certain committee members came in and said the war de partment favored giving final re sponsibility to local draft boards instead of to War Mobilization Director James F Byrnes Recalling that the department had joined with other agencies in urging that Byrnes be given over all authority Johnson branded the departments shiftabout as an example oE dirty doublecross Afterward he announced that Undersecretary of War Robert P Patterson had telephoned him and said it was all a mistake and that the department still wanted Byrnes to have the responsibility But the explanation did not cancel the consequences REPORT YANK INVASION OF IWO Take Last Inland Strongholds in East Prussia SAY RUSSIAN TROOPS BREAK INTO BRESLAU Stalk Hails Fall of Melilsack Wormditt Prussian Rail Hubs London UPJ The battle o East Prussia entered its fina phase army Saturday when the captured Mehlsack red am A junior Henry Wallace has been nominated to head Wormditt last inland strongholds defended by the remnants of 200 000 German troops trapped in the almost overrun province Marshal Stalin in a broadcast order of the day hailed the 3rd White Russian armys victories at Mehlsack and Wormditt 37 and 43 miles southwest of Konigsberff Both are major rail and highway junctions Far to the southwest other Rus sian forces broke into Breslau en circled capital of Silesia the Ger man high command reported The nazi command admitted the loss of Sagan key city on the Ber linBreslau railway and on the Bober river to the first Ukrainian army driving west toward Dres Bomb Rail Network at Frankfurt London Lt Gen James H I Doolittle sent about 500 planes of his United States 8th air force against the rail network at FrankfurtontheMain Saturday A force of 350 Flying Fortresses accompanied by a like number of accompanied by about 150 Mus tang fighters attacked Frankfurt Rhineland city controlling a num ber of Germanys main transport lines to the western front Another flurry of German achtung warnings placed the Britishbased bombers attack on an arc close behind the western front Coblenz big German sup ply base on the Rhine was in the path of the bombers the nazi sprawling rural electrification den and northwest toward Berlin ministration in Aubrey Williams Moscow dispatches said the red one of the little left of center men who currently is organizing for the Farmers Union which works closely with the CIO Williams former head of the rational youth administration is finding plenty of opposition dur ing the course of current hear ings by the senate agriculture committee on his litness for the post Already the 3 big conservative farm Grange Farm Bureau Federation the Milk Federation protested officially to the committee re garding Williams saying that he is unfitted for the position The Williams controversy is on a smaller scale than the Wallace Jones affair But plenty of noise is in the making of the Treasury Henry Morgenthau Jr and treas ury department officials are deep ly concerned over opposition to Bretton Woods monetary pro posals and fear that the opposi tion constitutes the first move toward rejection of all postwar programs for international col laboration Morgenthau stressed the fear by recalling that objection to de tails of the league of nations plan resulted in a senate turndown of the proposal after World war I It was pointed out that a little band of wilful men who scuttled the league proposal started their attack by criticizing details and not the leagues overall objectives Need for United States leader ship to reconstruct international economic and business ties after the war has been stressed by ad ministration leaders and Morgen thau indicated that lackof such leadership will lead to hesitation by other nations in working out political stabilization machinery after this war Hence Morgenthau r o u n d 1 y scolded the American Bankers association for publicizing its ad verse report on the Bretton Woods proposal to establish an international organization for maintenance of foreign exchange stability To the treasury there can be no financial stability in world commerce it was indicated as long as there is no check to wild ly fluctuating currencies And it is their reasoning trade wars can easily lead to military struggles airforce was carrying out one of its greatest campaigns of the war over the Oder Neisse and Spree valleys Fighting off German planes shifted from the western front soviet reports said the Russian airmen blasted German air fields spread havoc through their com munications and scattered troop concentrations along and behind the front Red military journal said that for 3 successive days the Russians flew 10000 sorties a day A front dispatch to the com munist party organ Pravda said Russian mobile forces had broken through to the Neisse river on a broad front reaching within 12 miles of Cottbus major base in the southeastern defenses of Ber lin radio said About 1700 U S and British heavies including a force of Italian based Fortresses which struck the Regensburg factory where German jetpropelled planes are turned out ranged un molested over a wide area of Germany Friday The Regensburg assault cost the enemy a number of the jet which were caught on the ground the Mediterranean air force announced V S 15th air force Liberators also hit a jet plane plant at Nenburg 50 miles north of Munich and Landsburg field 35 miles west of Munich where the nazi twin engined Messerschmitts are based Since the BritishAmerican air offensive from the west began Tuesday night close to 7000 4 engined bombers have poured thousands of tons of explosives on at least 25 German cities in the most furious sustained assault of the war CANADIANS CUT GOCHCALCAR HIGHWAYTWICE Begin Peeling Nazis Away From East Bank of Maas River Faris IP Canadian 1st army troops in advances of up to miles pushed to within a little more than a mile of the enemy bastion of Goch Saturday cut the main GochCalcar highway at 2 points and began peeling the Germans away from the east bank of the Maas river Flame throwing Scots under Gen Henry Crerars commant entered the Maas river town o Afferden 7 miles southwest o Goch and about 5 miles south o Gennep These troops on Crerars right flank advanced more than a mile in the face of local counter attacks TheSiegfried defense rim stir rounding Goch was entered i front dispatch said Asperden within 1 miles of Goch wa cleared and a further penetration was made into Hassum 3 miles west of the pivotal center A considerable number of pris oners were captured by the units which cut the GochCalcar road arid took Luisendorf These troops now were within 1A miles of Calcar The forest of Kleve now was about threefourths cleared The gains were made despite mud and slime underfoot j American 3rd army troops PLANES OVER TOKYO FOR 2ND indi cate U S naval aerial attacks on Tokyo Friday in which more than 1500 planes were taking part The planes were reported over the capital again Saturday A great Ameri can fleet was said to be 300 miles off the mainland in Jap waters Yanks Invade Corregidor by Sea Land to Begin Battle for Entrance to Manila Bay Washington UP American troops invaded the fortress island of Corregidor at the entrance to Manila bay by air and sea Saturday radio Tokyo reported w are raging on the southern shores of the island The 12mile advance crumbled German positions on the lower reaches of the Luebst river a tributary of the Neisse and put the Russians within easy artillery range of Cottbus a big railway hub on the Spree river 47 miles southeast of Berlin Northeast of Cottbus other units of Marshal Ivan S Konevs 1st Ukrainian army sweeping along the west bank of the Oder river reached the outskirts of Crossen 63 miles southeast of Berlin This column was 17 miles from the first of the Oder bridgeheads which the Germans said the red army has established east of the capital The southern wing of Konevs army meantime began a battle of annihilation against the en circled German garrison of Bres lau capital of Silesia The encir lement was completed Friday with the capture of Klettendorf only a miles southwest of Breslau More than 200 other Silesian towns and villages were captured Gen Hints Nazi Withdrawal Rome Lt Gen Mark W Clark warned the people of northern Italy Saturday that the full might of allied air power is being turned against supply and communications routes of the en emy leading out of northern Italy in order that any attempt at a German withdrawal may be made as costly as possible This was the first official men tion here of the possibility of German withdrawal of some 27 divisions that have faced the British gib and U S 5th armies The allied command in Italy told patriots in the north that attempts by the Germans to withdraw in Italy become in creasingly likely particularly in this phase of the war when in the east the Russian armies are sweeping on to Berlin and in the west the British and Americans are smashing through the Sieg fried line defenses The ground fighting in Italy still was confined to patrol con tact with the enemy all across the front These sorties have indi cated that the German winter de Sailer river deepened their Echternach bridgehead to 3Vj miles tanks and infantry troops fought a mile and a half from Calcar southeast of Kleve and 17 miles from bombwrecked Wesel nothern gate to the indus trial Ruhr Crerars men were 5 miles or less from Uedem 3rd road center strongpoint More thun 1000 naxi prisoners were pried from the mud in the last 24 hours boosting the total in the armys offensive to 6900 a front dispatch said Another de scribed Fridays airassisted gains as probably the best since early in the nineday old push British troops biting 4000 yards deep and across the CochCalcar highway almost scored abreak through front reporters said spearing deep into lines of the German HGth panzer and 15th panzer grenadier divisions This push carried clear of the Siegfried lines defense zone from Kleve tn Goch and cut just north of Halvenboom Scottish troops on the western flank struck down the Gennep venlo road and routed Germans from a wood less than a mile northeast of the Maas river town Paratroops opened the assault swarxning down on the island from transport planes and soon afterward seaborne forces stormed ashore from assault landing barges Tokyo said The reported combined opera tion followed by only a few hours Gen Douglas MacArthurs announcement of the reconquest of Bataan in an amphibious land ing Thursday on the tip of the peninsula 5 miles north of Cor regidor Corregidors giant batteries which held off Japanese assaults on the island for months in 1942 had been all but neutralized by a terrific air and sea bombardment earlier this week They fired a few rounds at the convoy carrying troops to Bataar Thursday but were silencec quickly by salvoes from Ameri can cruisers and destroyers dis patches from Manila said Tokyo said American minesweepers be pan clearing thc channel between Bataan and Corregidor Tuesday followed by 10 troop jammed transports After Corregidor has been cap turcd American shipping safel can enter the bay Once instd the bay American warships couli lend their support to the annihila tion of the last pockets of enem as the Soviets about Breslau command announced closed the the soviet ring high Northeast of Berlin the 2nd white Russian army drove for ward on a 30mile front to within 51 miles south vest of Danzig fenses of Field Marshal Albert Kesselring are just as strong as ever particularly in the Apen nines south of Bologna where the 5th army offers the strongest threat both to the highway life line of the nazis and the gateway to the Po valley itself of Afferden The strength ow consisting of elements of ght in small u t vicious counterattacks iroughout Friday morning Elsewhere on the western front ud halted most activities but he U S 76th division pushed a j fallen altmile northeastward along the ebtarnachIrrcl road winning j Col Sam Grecnwcll former assistant military attache at the United States embassy in London dislikes propaganda and advo cates blunt talk neighboriiness among nations notwithstanding He recalls that once he chided Lady Monckton of the London diplomatic set for Great Britains alleged use of propaganda in the United States When will you British stop using propaganda on us Ameri cans Greenwell said he asked Lady Monckton Without hesitation he said she replied When you Americans stop be LIECHTENSTEIN HEIR London son was born Friday to Princess Georgine of Liechtenstein wife of Prince Franz Josef II the Berlin radio an nounced Saturday He becomes the heriditary prince Liechten stein one of the smallest states in Europe has 10000 inhabitants It lies between Germany and Switzerland PLANES POUR DEATH ON the Siegfried line to the Russian front planes of the American and British air forces have kept up an almost steady day and night raid on objectives of both armies Fridays raids were directed at targets in the Ruhr valley in the direct path of troops storming the western front troops holding out along the Ma nila waterfront Newly capture Cavife naval base south of Manil also could be restored to use It was on May 6 1S42 tha American forces on Corregido surrendered to the Japanese end MRS BREWER TRIAL MONDAY No Additional Charges Against Bus Queen Osage Iff The trial of Mrs Helen Brewer which was dis upted last week when she failed o appear will be resumed Mon lay morning District Judge M H Cepler announced Friday Mrs Brewer was returned to Osage Thursday after she had been located at St Paul Minn where she said she had gone seek ing medical attention The defendant charged with as sault with intent to commit mur der failed to appear at her trial on Friday of last week and was irst discovered at a hospital at Mason City Reported later at St Paul she waived extradition and was returned here by Sheriff Theo Horn The trial of Mrs Brewer who is accused of attacking Sheriff B F Atherton last fall when he went to her fathers farm near Charles City with a search warrant to hunt for some stray calves had originally been continued until Feb 27 No additional charges had been filed against Mrs Brewer for leaving her trial Japs in Manila Refuse Offer of Surrender Manila IP American tanks and guns renewed their assault on the ancient walled city in Manila Saturday after the Japanese de fenders there ignored an offer of corps commander Maj Gen Os car Griswold of honorable sur render and safe conduct of sev eral thousand civilians The offer made at 8 oclock Friday night was unanswered at the end of a 4 hour limit set by the general Griswold in a message broad cast by radio and through loud speakers told the Japanese Your defeat is inevitable I offer you an honorable surrender The enemy either refused or Jailed to receive or comprehend the offer The renewal of the 11 day old attack on the medieval citadel follows the encircling of several thousand Japanese on historic Ba taan peninsula General Douglas MacArthur proclaimed We have captured Bataan where Filipino and Americans fought a losing battle 3 years ago A daring warshipsupportec anding on the south coast under he silenced guns of one formid Corregidor resulted in the surrounding of the enemy on Ba iaan We have captured Bataan1 Gen Douglas MacArthur an nounced in a triumphant com munique Less than 48 hours after the landing all the peninsulas mill tartlyimportant objectives wer in American hands MacArthnr troops were pursuing the disor ganized enemy over the same dar ground where on April 11 1942 some 30000 Americans and Fir pinos laid down their arms an began their tragicdeath march Camp ODorinell CARRIER CRAFT BOMBINGTOKYO FORSECONDDAY Japan Claims Two Landings on Island 750 Miles to South Admiral Nimitzs Headquarters broadcasts Satur ay reported that American troops ad stormed ashore early in the ay on Iwo island only 750 miles juth of Tokyo but the report as unconfirmed by American ources The second day of raids on Ihe okyo area by United States car er planes continued from 7 a m o 1 p m Tokyo time with 600 lanes hilling airfields and air raft factories in the TokyoYoko ama area an imperial hcadquar ers communique and Dome news gcncy dispatch said Dome echoed its warning of riday that for the next 2 of 3 ays we must still maintain strict igilance The dispatch contrasted the 600 ilanos with the 1000 it said took Covered by the big guns o f ft U S 7th fleet and the bombs and bullets of hundreds of American warplanes a big invasion convoy swept into the mouth of Manila bay at dawn Thursday to spill tanks troops and guns ashore at Mariveles The startled Japanese coastal defenders fought back briefly then broke and fled into the hills under a storm of rockets and gunfire Mariveles where the remnants ofthe AmericanFilipino army em barked for Corregidor after the fall of Bataan 3 years ago was captured by the first wave of at tacking infantrymen who found the town reduced to rubble by the ng organized American resistance i 1 O 1 n the Philippines Balaan had DVltlSn JUD rOrpOlSC a month earlier eoiarnacnirrci ruau vujmni i n eights dominating the Pruem j ApprOVC f fOpOScll iver The fifth division of the third rmy advanced half a mile north ast into Schankweiler six miles lorthwest of Echlernach Southeast of Echternach third army patrols entered Wasserbil ig at the junction of the Sure and rivers but were forced to vithdraw supreme headquarters aid and in the Sinz area south east of Remich Germans counter attacking with tanks retook sev eral pillboxes Flood waters were reported eb bing along the Koer river front of he U S first and ninth armies No changes were reported on the Alsatian front Allied planes flew 3500 sorties against western frontline objec tives and supply lines and targets far behind the Rhine Friday In token of their effectiveness 170 bombshakenGermans surrender ed at Asperden after that town was pummelled as allied troops fought into its outskirts Ucdem and Wesel were espe cially hard hit from the air There were indications Crerar might soon be able to throw his full armored power into the battle at the northern hinge of the Ger man line for the ground was re ported drying German civilians were reporle streaming from the battle zone seeking haven behind alliedlines to Draft Cadet Nurses Before Graduates Washington house military affairs committee Satur day approved a proposal to in duct all qualified cadet corps lurses in each local draft district They would be drafted ahead oi raduate civilian nurses Committee Chairman Andrew J May D Ky said this would delay induction of civilian nurses the qualifications of the 91G5 cadets had been reviewed May said the committee reject ed 2 other proposals One would have increased the maximum drafl age from 45 to 50 The other would have given the army and navy 30 days to put new life in the vol untary recruitment program be fore drafting the nurses NEAR SARAJEVO London UP Yugoslav parti sans have captured several Ger man strongpoints within 6 mile of Sarajevo Marshal Titos com munique said Saturday FAINTER DIES Bombay ifl Mrs Achsa Brewster an American painte who came to India with her hus band E H Brewster to study Buddhism died Friday at Almora resumed Lost at Sea London The submarine orpoise one of the British underseas craft which helped save Malta by running supplies to the Besieged Mediterranean island during its critical days is over due and must be presumed lost he admiralty announced Satur day Besides her work as an under water freighter and minelayer he Porpoise was credited with sinking 35000 tons of enemy shipping preliminary air and sea barrage All of the native population had fled before thc attack began Doughboys ol the 38th division who made the surprise landing fanned out to the east and west o Mariveles and quickly established contact with spearheads of the Gtl division advancing down the eas coast of Bataan Limay and Lainao were cap tured by the fiths first regiment in an 11mile advance south of Pila and the juncture was made at an undisclosed spot on the 15mil coastal strip between Lamao am Mariveles The linkup scaled off severs thousand Japanese in thc moun tainous s n d militarilyuseles southwestern corner of Bataan Thc survivors were badly scat tered and disorganized however and it was indicated the fight had become a largescale moppingup operation A third American force was rap idly sealing off the west coast of Bataan in an advance south from Moron toward the highway termi nus at Bagac 13 airline miles northwest of Mariveles MacArthurs communique paid high tribute to the covering sup port of Vice Adm Thomas C Kin kaids 7th fleet under direct com mand of Rear Adms A D Struble 1 art in Fridays attack as evi dence of the effectiveness Of our nterceptors Domei said 200 attacking planes had been destroyed but the Im perial communique limited Us claims to 147 shot down with an other 50 damaged Friday It ad mitted the loss of Gl Japanese in crceptors It also claimed one large craft off the coast had been set afire No American announcement has been made of losses on either side The Tokjo home radio also re ported simultaneous attacks by 200 carrierbased planes on Hach ijo Jima in the Izu group some 200 miles south of Tokyo TheTokyo newspaper Asahi was quoted as editorializing that the heavy carrierborne air raids around the capital now in their nd day may be preparatory to le enemys landing scheme on IB homeland Mainichi another ending Tokyo newspaper was uoted as saying amphibious orces backed by the U S 5th eet might strike directly at the apancse homeland and effect there The invasion of Iwo largest of lie Volcano group was similarly nticipatcd Friday Landings such s the report of the Iwo assault lormally are first announced by okyo which invariably says that hey were repulsed The Domei dispatch beamed to he United States said the 2 andings were made within 10 ninutes of each other Chungking intercepting Tokyo reports to the Orient on the in vasion made no mention of a claim that the attack had been re pulsed The reported Invasion came in the wake of a thunderous air and naval bombardment backed by the big guns of a task force which the Japanese said included at least 30 American warships Domei claimed that 3 Ameri can warships were sunk off a large cruiser a destroyer and an unidentified craft The damage was credited to furious assaults by Japanese planes One Ameri can flying boat was shot down Tokyo claimed All the enemy attempts at landing on Iwo Jima have so far been repulsed by our garrison troops with heavy losses inflicted on the enemy frontline dispatch es reaching here Saturday after noon reported Domei said According to the dispatches the enemy task force operating in the waters of Iwo Jima started landing operations on Futatsune beach on the southwestern part of the island about a m Saturday Our garrison troops in counterat troops and the enemy that area promptly tacked these enemy completely smashed and Russell Berky particularly the minesweepers that combed the apj iandinr thi lamlinfr thc this iiilnre all en Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and continued cold Saturday night Lowest temperature about 8 below Sunday increasing cloudiness and not quite so cold Iowa Fair and continued cold Saturday night Sunday increas ing cloudiness and not so cold Minnesota Fair and very cold Saturday night Sunday slowly increasing cloudiness and not quite so cold IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statistics Maximum Friday 12 Minimum Friday minus 3 At 8 a m Saturday minus 3 YEAR AGO Maximum 25 Minimum 3 mnesweepers a come e ap cm psw hdrew ar out to proaches to Mariveles bay for 2 j J t Jimatchei adrlpd days under direct fire from Cor sea dISPatches aMla days regidor United Press Correspondent Richard G Harris who went ashore with the landing forces reported that the tiny minesweepers ranged off the beaches almost up to thc moment of the attack The landing was led by Col Rait Paddock Frankfort Ind under Brig Gen William C Chase El Paso Texas who was promoted to command of the 38th division after leading the dramatic liberation of allied prisoners from the Santos Tomas concentration camp a weeks ago BULLETIN Rio De Janeiro of State Stettinius arrived here Saturday for conferences with President Getulio Vargas He is About 10 minutes later ac cording to the same dispatches the enemy made another attempt at landing around a m In this 2nd attempt the enemy start ed landing on Kamiyama beach on the southeastern tip of the island Our garrison troops going into action to engage these enemy forces successfully repulsed them with severe losses inflicted on the invaders the dispatches re vealed ABANDON RATIONING San Juan P R OPA abandoned Saturday its regula tions limiting purchasers here to 1 package of cigarets a day It said the regulations had not solved the shortage since black market gangs kept employes busy en route home from thc Crimea j going from store to store buying conference a package at a time
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