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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 16, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT Of HISTORV AND ARCHIVE S KOINES THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL LI Associated Ptta and United Press FuU Leased Five Cents a Ccpyl MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY FEBRUARY 16 1915 This Paper Consists of Two NO m 1500 PLANES HIT TOKYO INSIDE WASHINGTON Nurse Situation Should Be Quickly By HELEN ESSARV Central Press Columnist think it time the confusion in the nursing situation was clarified What kind of nurse is needed and where What is this report of plenty of nurses abroad It doesnt match the frantic home call of more nurses New agencies are recruiting nurses Appeals overlap Are the agencies asking for volunteers foi hospitals here or abroad The public is not yet sure Women already nurses are be coming resentful annoyed by the suggestion that they are lacking in patriotism and humanity be cause they will not sign up fo foreign duty Many nurses were eager to go overseas a few month ago When they signed up for for eign duly urgent foreign dut they thought they were told t come for an examination not to morrow or next sev eral months later They had t have some work meanwhil Thev couldnt understand the de lay So they went back to privat nursing The WAC is asking lor medica technicians Excellent idea Th corps has a chance here for mor recruits It might also ask for vo unteers from among WACS wh have already received basic train ing to make a quick jump into th medical branch Another point physicians say women can receive the training that is necessary for aid at the fighting front in less time than now allotted It doesnt take years the physicians say to teach a rea sonably smart girl to take a tem perature sterilize or dress a wound and give a hypodermic Nor does such aid require a col I lege rj Seems to me it will not be ne cessary to draft nurses if the big boys at the top get together somebright morning and agree on how many nurses and what kind of nurses are needed where they are needed Russians Storm Berlins Spree River Defense KONEV FORCES BREAK NEISSE RIVER FRONT Correspondents Say Bulk of Southern Army Turned Toward Capital London armored mass of Marshal Konevs 1st Ukrainian army bore down on Berlins Spree river defenses from the southeast Triday smashing toward Beeskow HitGerman ALLIES DRIVE DEEPER INTO RHINE VALLEY The S S Kathleen Holmes will be launched about the middle of March from the Ingalls yards Decatur Ala The vessel one of the newer types of heavy cargo craft will be a sister ship to the S S Marguerite LeHand Both of these ships are United States Maritime C2 cargo ships larger and more standard than the Liberty ships which are emer gency war vessels Kathleen Holmes was one of the most beloved of Washington jour nalists She was beautiful and in telligent Miss LeHand for whom the sister ship was named was the charming Missy LeHand confidential secret ary to President Roosevelt Everybody who had business at the white house knew and admired the gracious Missy Several Liberty ships have al ready been named for women among them the Frances E Wil larcl the Charlotte Cushman the Lillian Nordica and the Moina Michel thus honoring a temper ance crusader an actress an opera singer and the originator of the poppy as the emblem of the World I soldier and Cottbus 31 to 52 miles from ihe capital Soviet war correspondents in dicated that the Neisse river de fenses had been shattered after fierce battles in the areas of Forst and Guben 2 towns on that river which joins the Oder south of Frankfurt They told of columns of tanks and cavalry rolling through shat tered villages within sight of the Spree and indicated that the main weight of Konevs 1st Uk rainian army had been turned in the Berlin direction after form ing a firm link with Marshal Zhukovs 1st White Russian army for an assault on the German capital Konevs southern wing how ever was reported across the Neisse and within 37 miles ol the upper Elbe the river which rises in Czechoslovakia near Prague passes through Dresden and flows diagonally across Ger many to the North sea at Ham burg Thesoviet armored trains bear ing down on BterlinMoscow dis patches said were attacking a 30 mile stretch between Beeskow and Cottbus and flanking the Germans who have held up Zhu kovs attack at Frankfurt and Kuerstin along the Oder Beeskow is 31 miles southeast of Berlin and 18 miles southwest of Frankfurt on the Oder Cottbus directly south of Bee skow is 52 miles from Berlin and 12 miles west of Forst where the Germans reported soviet penetra tions Thursday Both Beeskow and Cottbus are on the Spree which links up with Oil Targets Sail Yards London than 1000 American heavy bombers from Britain continuing the record air offensive against the reich switched their attack back to western Germany Friday with 7 simultaneous blows at oil tar gets and railroad yards in 6 cities At the same time V S lath air force bombers from Italy smashed at the Obertraubling airdrome at Regensburg in southern Germany where jetpropelled planes are based After a night lull in the offen sive in which 16 cities from the Rhine to the Russian front were rocked with heavy loads of ex plosives the American bombers from Britain attacked 2 benzol plants at Dortmund and Gelsen kirchen in the Ruhr 2 oil refin eries at Dortmund and Salzberg en and 3 large freight yards at Hamm Osnabruck and Rheine The Fortresses and Liberators from Italy also battered a series of railyards including those at Bol zano on the Brenner line at Ros enheirn 35 miles southeast of Munich a junction between the Brenner Pass and Vienna and an other yard east of Innsbruck on a bypass line from the Brenner The bombers from Britain were escorted by only 200 fighters good indication of the lack of punch the airmen feel is left in the German air force The mar shalling yards at Hamm are the largest in Germanyand like Rheine and Salzbergen twin cities just across the Dutch border are important in the German scheme of supplyagainst the Montgom ery salient at Kleve It was officially announced that American losses in Wednesdays 2250plane assault on German targets close to the Russian front were 8 bombers and 5 fighters Thursdays losses dropped from 15 bombers and 6 fighters to 12 bombers and 2 fighters A number of planes previously reported missing found to have landed safely in France After more than 40 hours of al most constant hammering the only air activity reported during the night was widespread mine laying by the RAF Troops Close Toward Goch and Calcar Military Road Hubs Paris Canadian first army aimed toward the heart of the industrial Ruhr thrust almost a mile deeper into the lower Rhine valley of northwest Germany Fri day through storms of heavy ar tillery and mortar fire thrown by an ever increasing flood of enemy reserves The Canadians held 20 miles of the south bank of the flooded Rhine from the Nijmegen sector to opposite Emmerich but made no threats at crossing the wide water way They stormed and captured waterhemmed Huisberden 4 miles east of Kleve and 19 from i the Ruhr gateway city of Wesel Scots Britons and Welshmen I under Gen Henry Crerars com mand inched toward the defense keystones of Goch and Calcar in the center of the bulging 20 mile front One front dispatch said the British empire troops spread out south of Moyland indicating an advance into the area less than 2 miles from Calcar Scots swinging down the highway from Kleve moved to within 1000 yards of Moyland Other troops closed slowly to ward Goch from 3 directions and The other day I wrote o para I graph about the Washington eye This is the wandering eye that is forever looking for somebody more important and is a strain to possess and to follow More of a strain than the Wash ington eye is the Washington ear According to Charles Carroll Glover a banker the Washington ear is always trying to listen in on at least 4 conversations at once It is a frequent luncher and diner out goes to big and little re ceptions and tries with muscle and eardrum to hear what everybody around is saying Adm Nimitz Writes Communique Himself Advanced Pacific Headquarters Guam Admiral Ches ter W Nimitz departed from usual procedure Friday to personally write the communique announc ing the carrierbased assault against Tokyo Ordinarily the communiques are written by an officer in the public relations section who pre sents them to Nimitz for his sig nature When the communique writer was called to the admirals office Friday however he wag presented with the finished com munique written in longhand many lakes and watercourses to form a natural defense for Ber lin The area is forested and is the location of many rich Ger man estates overflowing from the Berlin suburbs Both are important communica tion centers Cottbus is the hub of 13 trunk railways main high ways and autobahns and Beeskow is the center of 8 such arteries in cluding the main FrankfurtLeip zig railway Soviet correspondents said fight Ing was raging near the east bank of the Spree These dispatches indicated that Forst and Guben 15 miles to the north either had been bypassed or captured With his flank now solidly se cured by the sensational advances of the first Ukrainian army Zhu kov increased the attacks ofhis first White Russian army on Fuerstenberg the fortress in the southwestern corner of the Oder bend below Frankfurt Fuerstenberg is 12 miles north of Guben at the junction of the Neisse and Oder Presumably these attacks were preliminary to an allout assault to break past the FrankfurtKue strin fortifications in a double barrelled attack on Berlin from east and southeast At the same time the German high command disclosed that the Russians had broadened their as sault front to the north by mak ing an advance of morethan 16 miles from Soldin toward Stettin Berlins Baltic port The communique showed that Bahn 22 miles south of Stettin and the same distance southwest of the fortified rail center o Stargard had been surrounded but declared contact had been re established with the garrison b a counterattack A similar counterattack broke Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier hoy a ring around Amswalde 40 mile southeast of Stettin the com munique said Fierce street fighting broke ou southeast of Berlin in Sagan by passed and almost encircled b Konevs capture of Sorau on th west and his crossing of the Quei river on the south a German mili tary spokesman said Sagan i about 30 miles southeast of Fors The spokesman declared how ever that soviet spearheads whic had penetrated as far as Fors were cut off and pushed back an that Sommerfcld remained German hands TO DEBATE CODE BILLS MONDAY House Passes Increase in Workmans Benefits Des Moines Iowa house moved at a rapid clip Fri day and before the session closed 10 bills were passed 3tabled and school code bills were made a pedal order of business for Mon ay One of the most important bills pprovcd would increase the max mum weekly benefit under the orkmaus compensation law from 15 to SIS a week and reduce the vaiting period from Z weeks to ne Tfol a single member arose to ppose the measure and it passed 5 to 0 It was introduced in be atf of labor interests by Reps Wilson Reed of Fairfield M F licklin of Wapello Arch W Me arlane of Waterloo all republi ans and others The house passed a measure in roduced by Rep E E Foston D to raise the bounty on idult wolves from to An amendment by Rep E H Avery to include whist ing wolves was ruled out of or der After a brief debate the house voted 43 to 36 to table virtually kill a measure which would re quire all theaters and auditoriums showing movies to obtain annual S5 to licenses and abide by a series of safety regulations Another of the measures tabled was one which would repeal the S2 old age pension head tax levied in 1934 1935 and 1936 and outlaw liens arising from the tax Rep Albert Steinberg R obtained permission to make a special order of business for Monday school code bills per taining to teachers tenure mini mum wages tuition rates consoli dation of schools requiring kin dergartens and vocational educa tion tuition werp within easy artillery range Goch and Calcaif tant military highway hubs The Germans committed ele ments of an 8th division to the critical northern front the 8th parachute division Three other parachute 2 infantry and Z tank divisions have been identified Prisoners totaled 5700 for the of fensive The American 3rd army carved out half mile gains in the Pruem sector slowly reducing German fortifications The 7th army northern Alsace also rested after a local line straightening opera tion which overran Rimling miles south of the German Saar land and 2 other villages With the Roer river receding rapidly at the edge of the Cologne plain the Germans increased their artillery and Vweapon fire on the American 9th and 1st armies The Germans said both these forces had been strengthened im mensely for an imminent offensive toward the Rhine 20 miles away Some TOD shells fell on the 9th army sector from Schmidt to Ilil farth 150 on Bourheim southwest of the Roer bastion of Juelich Ground mists covered sodden battlegrounds in the northern sec RED DRIVES GAIN IN reports said that the bulk of Marshal Ivan Konevs forces were storming the Spree river defenses southeast of Berlin while the southern army was reported across the Neisse river and driving on Dresden Yank and British planes pounded Dresden in the first operation of the war in which the three allies worked directly together Yonks Break Jap Defenses on Bataan Continue Battle Against Bitter Manila Forces lIanila troops broke through the main Japanese defense line on Bataan and advanced swiftly into the southern half of the peninsula Friday to avenge the United States armys defeat there in bitterest of the war The breakthrough on Bataan came as other Yanks shot and bayoneted their way through the streets of Ma nila in a noquarter battle against housands of fanatical Japanese loled up in the southern half of the city Vanguards of the U 5 llth army corps all but sealed the con quest of Bataan Thursday with tor denying air support to the EXPECT VOTE ON GEORGE BILL Republicans Attempt to Postpone Action Washington UR The house expects to vote on the George bill Friday and thereby end its part in the bitter congressional debate over the cabinet nomination of Henry A Wallace An extremely close vole Is fore cast when republicans attempt to further delay action on the bill by proposing that it be sent back blows Synchronized down the KleveCalcar military highway a column of kilted Scots advanced 1000 yards east of the Kleve forest cracking into strong German defenses One report said 100 discouraged Austrians were waiting patiently in the northeast corner of the forest to surrender but that the Scots were too busy to bother with them Front dispatches said the Cana dians were established firmly on the Rhine and looking across the river into the textile mills or Em merich Resistance along the Rhine was light the Germans depended on the width of the river and flooding from its breached dikes for protection IVIaj Gen Leroy S Irwins on the belief that if the bill fails with the thrust to become law by March 1 whci the senate is scheduled to vote 01 Wallaces nomination the senate will reject Wallace 1 Democratic leaders were confi dent however that they could hold the slim majority that en abled the measure to survive its first test in the house Thursday The house voted 202 to 192 to up hold a rules committee decision on procedure for consideration of the measure If administration forces can pre vent the bill from being sent back to the banking committee it prob ably will be passed by a good ma jority The republicans and anti Wallace southern democrats were 5th I largely responsible for the bill in ENSIGN MISSING Washington Ensign Charles A Harrison of Hampton Iowa is missing in action navy announced Thursday the division of the 3rd army occupied high ground overlooking the Pruem and Em rivers after quar ter mile gains on a 5mile front north of Echternach and Bollen dorf The 76lh Onaway division of New England reserves gained a half mile along the Germanheld side of the Sure river to a point more than a mile east of Echter nach Other 76th division infantry men gained nearly a mile to a point a half mile northwest of Minden Maj Gen Harry J Malonys 94th division fighting a private war with the llth panzer divi sion 15 miles southeast of Luxem bourg City repulsed 2 counterat tacks around Sinz and took sev eral pillboxes At the northern end of the 3rd army front the 4th division beat back a patrol of 40 German tom mygunners which tried to seize a bridge at Hermespand 2 miles northeast of Pruem the first place The measure already has been passed by the senate It would re move the huge Reconstruction Fi nance Corp and other federal loan agencies from the commerce department and clear the way for a vote on Wallaces nomination to be secretary of commerce Davenport Man Shoots Wife Son Kills Self Davenport Coroner Herbert Bixby said Friday tha Otto Martens 40 apparently an gered because his estranged wifi had brought divorce proceeding against him shot and killed he and his 17yearold son Donovan in their home Thursday night anc then fatally wounded himsel Martens died early Friday in I hospital the capture at the BalangaFllar area in a 5mile advance down the east coast of the peninsula from Abucay Balanga and Filar formed the eastern anchor of the defense line on which Lt Gen Jonathan M Wainwrights heroic troops made their last stand on Bataan in the dark days of 1942 The fall of the 2 towns pu Gen Douglas MacArthurs forces astride the only remaining latera highway on Balann running frotr Pilar to the west coast town of Bagac With that line cut the re maining Japanese on the penin sula appeared to have little chance of waging organized resistance for any length of lime South of Fiiar the Americans vere pushing into rugged moun ainous terrain only 16 miles from southern tip of the peninsula nd about 18 miles from Corregi or Corregidor guarding the en rance to Manila bay wes rocking ontinuously to the Amer can bombs in a nonstop bom iardmcnt that clearly pointed to an imminent amphibious attack m the island A force of B24 Liberators leaped another 112 tons of bombs on the rock fortress Wednesday without drawing an answering shot from the islands gun bat teries Headquarters observers warned however that the rock s not likely to be an easy mark for an American landing since Ihe Japanese are well entrenched there and probably have plenty of big guns emplaced deep in the island caves out of reach of our bombs Swarms of American attack planes were supporting the drivi down Bataan barrelling over head In front of the advancing ground troops to bomb and straf the fleeing Japanese at will Inside Manila however the ad vance was going ahead more slow ly with the heaviest fighting cen tered around Fort McKinlejfc o the southeastern outskirts of th city and on the eastern and south ern approaches to the old walle city on the Manila waterfront MRS BREWER BACK IN USAGE Son Says Mother Desperately 111 Charles City Helen rewer charged with assault vith intent to commit murder is n custody Friday at Osagc ac cording to an announcement by ounty Attorney Weston E Jones Mrs Brewer was arrested at St Paul after failing to appear at her trial in Mitchell county last Fri day and this Tuesday She waived extradition and was returned to Osage by Mitchell county sher iff Theodore Horn Thursday eve ning Sheriff Horn said at Osage that Mrs Brewer told him she was seeking medical attention in St 9 HOUR RAID LEAVES TOKYO AREA IN FLAMES Naval Armada Awaits Jap Fleet 300 Miles From Island V S Pacific Fleet Headquarters Guam columns 7000 feet high plumed over the Tokyo Yokohama area Friday marking targets blasted by move than 1500 American carrier planes in Thursdays daring strike at the heart Jupan Returning flyers who rode B29s over the targets while the navy Hellcats and Avengers spit bombs and bullets at the Nippo nese capital district said that aside from other damage scores of enemy planes were caught on the ground The raid lasted more than 9 hours while the greatest naval armada ever assembled challenged the Japanese fleet within 300 miles of Nippons shore Carrier attacks of this type usually last for 1 or 3 days The power of the American force ridicated this pattern would be followed against Protecting Vice Adm Marc A Milschers carrier forces battle ships cruisers and destroyers of Adm Raymond A Spruances 5th U S Navy Ready for Jap Fleet Washington where abouts of the Japanese navy is known and Adm Raymond A Spruances Tokyostriking fleet would welcome an opportunity to meet it a naval spokesman said Friday Milschers task force alone would be more than a match far the entire existing Japanese navy the spokesman said He said that the enemy fleet evidently had been held for the defense of the homeland Now that Japan proper is being at tacked by our navy it is hoped that the enemy fleet will come out and fight The sooner they come out the better for us the spokesman said He said Spruance will not give any further information on the attacks by the forces under his Paul and expected to undergo an operation She was accompanied by her daughter Mary 14 The trial resulting from charges that Sheriff B F Athcr ton that Mrs Brewer attacked him with a club when he served her with a search warrant in a hunt for stray calves it her fath ers farm last fall has been con tinued tj Feb 27 Mrs Brewers son Donald Jr old reporters that his mother was desperately ill and was to have ntercd a hospital in St Paul Fri ay Young Brewer who later left 3r Jefferson Barracks Mo for preinduction physical exami ation said his father wanted im mediate resumption of Mrs Brew rs trial declaring that otherwise there wont be any defendant secause of her illness command until he is good and ready and his task force is safe If his forces come under attack however he might break radio si lence fleet spread out in a 200 mile col umn in Japanese waters daring the enemy fleet to come out Seven hundred miles to the south another task force which Tokyo said was comprised of more than 30 warships including bat tleships and carriers shelled two Jima in coordination with land based bombers which have been attacking the island outpost daily for more than 2 months A Japanese imperial communi que reported that carrierbased planes of a powerful enemy task force which appeared In the seas adjacent to our shores attacked airfields in and around Tokyo in successive waves from 7 a m to 4 p m Friday Japanese The enemy Dome news agency added that heaviest blows were rained on bases from which in terceptors take off against Super fortresses raiding the Nipponese capital Buy your itamps from larrier boy War your Bonds and GlobeGazette FORECAST 1 Mason City Partly cloudy and colder with lowest near zero Saturday increasing cloudiness and continued cold Iowa Generally fair and colder Friday night Saturday increas ing cloudiness andcontinued cold with light snow in extreme south portion in afternoon Minnesota Fair and continued very cold Friday night Satur day increasing cloudiness not quite so cold west portion IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statistics Maximum Thursday 37 Minimum Thursday 9 At 8 a m Friday 9 Tokyos 7 millions long famil iar with Superfortress raids had never seen anything like Fridays carrier attack Something tremendous is un folding The longplanned and extensive operations threatened the heart of the Japanese empire with e probability of blockading WCJJJJl it into a condition for eventual invasion 2 Continuous pounding to re duce its ailplane factories to ruins Rocket and bombbearing hell cats and hell divers and avenger orpedo planes swinging over Tokyos 214 square miles tore into airfields and military defense zones at 7 a m Japanese time They tangled over the city with the Japanese airforce in fierce sky fights Mitscher appeared bent on YEAR AGO Buy your War Bonds and I Maximum Stamps from your GlobeGazette Minimum i carrier boy Precipitation 19 7 01 knocking out the bulk of Japans homebased airforce as his immed iate objective How well he can do that is suggested by the carrier air arms achievements in January in destroying nearly 800 Nippon ese aircraft in sweeps from Saigon French IndoChina to Amoy China during 1944 carrier planes destroyed 6650 enemy aircraft This operation has long been planned and the opportunity to j accomplish it fulfills the deeply I cherished desire of every officer
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