Thursday, February 1, 1945

Mason City Globe Gazette

Location: Mason City, Iowa

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 1, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NCWSTAKR THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NilGHtORS HOME EDITION iirrmi 1 V Con MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY FEBKUAKY 1 IMS Fper Comb 39 MILES FROM BERLIN Yanks Plunge 4 Miles NEAR SILENT SIEGFRIED ON Growing Indications of Nazi Withdrawal Farther Into Reich 1st army headquarters Thursday reported signsthat the Germans were withdrawing from some sections of the Siegfried line against which UnitedStates divisions were closing on a 40mile attack front in Germany Belgium and Luxembourg Units of the 1st and 82nd air borne divisions entered the Sieg fried pillboxes east of the Mal rnedy area of the frontier and found them emptyand surround ed by unmarked snow evidence that they had been abandoned for some daysat least A high i military source in Washington interpreted lack of German resistance on the XJ S 1st army front as a suggestion that had decided to abandon a large section ot the Siegfried line Overnight advances generally reached 4 miles deeper into Ger many Village after village fell Patrols entered he fringes of the Siegfried in the Monschau sector 3mlle sec tion earlier to the sembourg above the U S 7th army front were jammed The Colmar pocket was stead ily being reduced from north and south Colmar itself was outflanked and American and French troops were close to the ColmarBreisach road leading to the only permanent Rhine bridge standing in the Strasbourg sector Street lighting progressed in Cer Wittelshelm felt Gamb sheim and Bettenhofen north of Strasbourg were captured and the allies moved to within 2 miles of the river It was certain that the thinout had weakened Field Marshal von Rundstedts whole position west of the Rhine so that he could not hold what he had bitten off in re cent attempts to keep the initia tive Now it is a question whether the Germans indeed will be able to save anything west of the Rhine in the sectors of the main allied attack it was said at su preme headquarters At Field Marshal Montgomerys the north a the 21st army headquarters in spokesman for group said the battle has devel oped into a general attack all along the western front toward the Siegfried line He expressed doubt however that theGer mans would yield the fortifica tions without a hard fight A 35 mile section of the line has been captured by American amis alonj the Roer river north of the Mon schau area i Seven 1st army divisions smote the west waU from positions mostly inside Germany Four or more 3rd army divisions were on the attack in a 1 mile Our river bridgehead southeast of St Vith and alongthe GermanLuxem bourg border A eonsiderabte change to milder temperatures aind steadilyfalling j An V nazigiins inthe linesbutAmeri can artillery of ibpth ithe Jst ind e fortifi cations r tor opposite Belgiumand Luxem bourg The enemy resis tance was limitedstrictly to small arms and accuratemortar screen ing Troops frankly were amazed at the complete lack of artillery andin most cases the enemys reluctance fb stand and fight r The first army alone captured 1332 prisoners in the 24 hours to midnight its largest haul since Jan 3 That was a commentary on German moral t The absence of strong German reaction suggested the possibility thatthe Germans have jerked everything farther back A P Correspondent ED Ball reported from the first army sector The German crossRhine hold ings north and south of Stras bourg also began to collapse re flecting a weakening of the ene my along the whole western front Allied planes spotted heavy German rail movements eastward from Karlsruhe and Mannheim and through Heilbronn indicat ing a further thinning of German defenses Roads northof Force Delay n Voting on Wallace BULLETIN Washington resident toosevelt wasreported in authori tative senate quarters Thursday have notified Senator Barkley DKy that he will sign legisla ion to divorce lending agencies rom the commerce department By JACK BELL Washington admin itration defeated allout foes of lenry Wallace Thursday by forc ng a delay in senate consideration f his cabinet nomination Through the delay which may xtend into weeks Wallace back rs hoped to win ultimate con irmation of the former vice pres dent by stripping the commerce department of its huge lending gencles Beating down on a 43 to 41 vote an attempt by Senator Bailey p N ar to force immediate considera ion of the appointment the sen ate leadership obtained right of vay for the George Bill This is he measure designed to set up the IFC and other leading agencies as a separate administration The vote on the Bailey motion at first was a 42 to 42 tie but Senator Taft R Ohio changed vote ro no in a futile at empt to force reconsideration in the hope the Wallace foes could summon additional senators A tie vote defeats a motion such as double lanes of rushing rivulets b Vv Traps transport anc checked the use ofarm ox th Bounded 82nd airborne division advanced sumile beyond theGer mail border through the Gerol steinoforest12miles northeast o St Vitii The 2nd Indian Head division advanced a mile beyond Roche rath in the Mpnschau forest an its patrols at points were in con tact with the 1st formidable bel of Siegfried line fortifications The fighting 1st division pushei 2 miles ahead without challenge ii sight of the fortifications POSTPONE MEETING Chicago annual Apr meeting of the American Societ of Newspaper Editors has bee postponed indefinitely in conform ity with afederal request for can cellation John S Knight president of the societ and publisher of the Chicag Daily News said Thursday Buy your War Bonds an Stamps from your GlobeGazette Wiscarrier boy YANKS RESCUE 513 PRISONERS FROM JAPANESE Rangers Filipinos Face Enemy Guns to Raid Prison Camps General MacArthurs Head quarters Luzon Jan 31 De ofBataan Cor regidor and Singapore 513 snatched from under the Ilaming muzzles of Japanese guns last night in an exploit of unmatched daring Some 4DO picked men of the 6th Ranger battalion and Filipino guerrillas made a commando raid 25 miles behind Japanese lines to empty a prison camp and partial ly fulfill one of the Philippines objectives closest to Gen Douglai Bailey made MacArthurs heart They took Japanese guards by surprise and rescued 486 Ameri cans 23 British 3 Netherlanders and one Norwegian all that were left in the prison camp in Nueva Ecija province of eastern Luzon Many more hundreds of more ablebodied war prisoners hac been sent to work campsin Japan Hundreds of others had died All but 2 of the men were brought out alive by the 121 men of the 6th Ranger battalion who stormed into the prison stockade under command of Lt Col Henry Mucci of Bridgeport Conn Their enfeebled hearts flickered ou when they were in sight of Amer ican lines The Rangers attacked with such merciless precision that not one of the Japanese stockade guards was left alive or able to resist And they attacked withsuch care that not one of the prisoners was scratched WitSUn a matter of minutes al had released and oh their 25mile journey to i 1 Wallace supporters have eon ceded that unless this measure be comes law or President Roosevelt fakes the leading agencies oat of the commerce department Wal lace cannot be confirmed for the cabinet post After the close vote on the Bailey motion the Barkley motion was carried 83 to 2 Seriate Democratic Leader Albert W Barkley of Kentucky leaving a hospital where he has been treated for an eye injection to step into the bitter controversy was expected to ask that the sen ate consider the George bill first Bailey then could offer a privi leged motion for the senate to go into executive session and consid er the nomination If the Bailey motion carried Wallaces backers thed could only attempt to recom mit the nomination to committee pending action on the George bill In any event approval of the Bailey motion was expected to lead to lengthy debate Signs of increasing optimism were displayed by senate pro WaUace forces while the opposi tion reflected increasing pessi mism Republican Whip Kenneth S Wherry of Nebraska an op ponent of the nomination ex pressed belief that the antiWal lace movement was losing ground Bailey filed reports late Wed nesday reciting the committees 14 to 5 vote against recommend ing approval of the nomination and its approval of the George bill In its report on the George bill the committee expressed alarm over the authority given the secretary of commerce with the reconstruction tion finance corpora It said the consequences of the political control which could be exercised by the secretary of commerce couid not be measured and that he could use the RFC powers to determine the social economic and political character ol the country RED ARMY THREATENS indicate red army drives reported from the eastern front heavy German reports placed the Russian spearhead in Kuatrin on the Oder river only 39 miles from Berlin Mason City Records Lowest Temperature in State Wednesday Des ftloines u bz e r o weather continued throughout Iowa Wednesday night but the weather bureau forecast higher temperatures and light snow or rain for the state Thursday night and Friday The lowest reading reported to the weather bureau was 16 below at Mason City Other belowzero reports included Centerville and Charles City 14 Fort Dodge and Ames 12 Burlington 9 Atlantic 8 Iowa City 7 Ottumwa 6 Spencer Cedar Rapids and Davenport 5 Lamoni 3 and Des Moines 2 The highest reading Wednesday was 21 above at Council Bluffs walking tarried1 pri husky5 Hangers or riding in cara bao carts Nearly 100 were so weak from malnutrition disease and i yea old wounds that they could no walk when they were cut loos from Japanese bondage The rescue cost the lives of 2 Rangers and Filipinos in a guer rilla unit led by Maj Robert Lap ham of Davenport Iowa wh fought off a savage tankled Japa nese attack along the escape cor ridor The raiders killed 523 Japanes than onefor every prison er knocked out 1 enemy tanks This first mass liberation of al lied prisoners of war in the west em Pacific was accomplished b an allnight forced march east o the American lines to Cabu The commando force made u of the 121 rangers and 286 Fili pinos in the guerrila unit le American lines under protectio of air cover and reached th prison camp without detection Their swift fierce attack caugh the guards completely by surprise The Japanese struck back vio lently and persistently as tl rescue column headed back to ward the sixth ranger camp an freedom for the valient men wh had been atlthe mercy of Japa nese guardsfor nearly three year The heavy disproportions Japanese Josses were inflicted i battering down these tankled a The commando raid ordered on short notice when intelligence re ports disclosed the whereabouts of the camp was such a success that General MacArthur decorated every man in the force The lean and rugged captives received the homage of thousands of American soldiete now fighting to redeem the islands for which the veterans fought so valiantly and hopelessly The youthful GIs formed an impromptu honor guard flanking a military highway down which the rescue party passed af ter it returned to American lines It was the last of many marches for the rescued which began with the brutal death march of Bataan The freed men showed their happiness despite their sores and ulcers wasted bodies and ragged clothes Some looked helplessly up from litters Others were proudly erect There were old men with grey hair and dazed sunken eyes Some were surprisingly young and al most at their normal weight Oth ers were limp from berilieri Their shirts were tattered Shorts were patched and re patched Several officers still proudly wore their emblems of rank There were battered cam paign hate overseas caps and one prewar type helmet MECHANIZED ARMY MULE ON THE JOB A bulldozer handiest of the armys mechanized equipment tows a line of jeeps across the Tailac river on Luzon P I as Gen Douglas MacArthurs forces press forward on the road to Manila Armored Troops Sweep 20 Miles From Manila YANKS ENTER SUBIGBAY Occupy Olbngapo Naval Base Grande Island General Mac Arthurs Headquar ters rLuMn ar rooreti coluninjIAbrolte the to v nfui Thursday ina weakiyjjpr posed advance that presaged the liberation bf the Philippines cap ital ina matter of days Ai the same time Gen Donglas MacArthur revealed that U S warships had reentered Sublc bay barely 30 miles fropi the mouth of Manila bay avd one time anchorage of the IMP boat expendable squadrons that fought off the Japanese fleet dur ing the siege of Bataan 3 years ago The Olongapo naval base at the head of Subic bay and Grande island at its entrance were pied without opposition Tuesday by units of the newlylanded American 8th army aud MacAr thurs communique said elements of the U S 7th fleet already were operating from and rebuilding the base Meanwhile Lt Gen Walter 6th army veterans were closing in swiftly over the last miles before Manila after collaps ing the last defensible Japanese line on the Pampanga river at Calumpit 23 airline miles north of the city Tanks and infantrymen of the 37th Buckeye division were re ported well past Calumpit Thurs day moving rapidly down high way 3 in an apparent bid to enter Manila within the next few days and forestall any Japanese attempt to destroy the capital The 37ths advance wasfacili tated by another American gain far to the north where doughboy columns scaled off highway 5 the only other main road to the capi tal with the capture of Muncz and Talavera 74 and 65 miles above Manija Cabanatuan T miles below Tal avera and the units pushed out to the southwest toward the base of the Bataan peninsula and a juncture with 8th army troops advancing eastward from Olongapo The 6th army spearheads Tues day reached Lubao 9 miles south west of San Fernando and 10 miles northeast of Dinaluhipan where the juncture was expected to be made Linking of the 6th and 8th armies at Dinaluhipan would clos e off Bataan peninsula andXa be talyBased Planes Hit i Oil Installations Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Hard fightingnas reported con tinuing west of Clark field and Fort Slotsenbarg about 45 miles northwest of Manila where Amer ican 6tharmy forces weretrying to dislodge several thousand Japa nese from strong hill positions The battle had settled momen tarily into a closein artillery duel with American guns and planes bombarding the Japanese heavily in an effort to clear the way for an infantry assault American heavy bombers ham mered the Cavite naval base again Tuesday and fighter cov ered PT boats swept Batangas bay to the south and the Ilocos coast to the north destroying 51 Japanese coastal craft Morthwest of Vienna Rome Italybased bombers of the U S 15th air force struck their heaviest blow yet on a sin gle target in dropping 1357 tons of bombs Wednesday on iiazi oil installations iri an area 22 miles northwest spt Vienna allied head quarters armounced Thursday TjG along Jhe entire flthf army was confined to patrol engage ments WRONG HOIST DCS Moines The flag flew upside down over the Iowa capita Wednesday while the house o representatives considered the lo cal option on beer sales bill An upsidedown flag is a signal o distress but it was flown that waj over the statehouse merely be cause of a mistake in hoisting it REDS CAPTURE TORUN TAKE NAZI GARRISON Mass on East Bank of Oder for Last Drive on Capital London UR Russian forces drove to the Oder river 39 miles from Berlin Thursday and 175 miles to the east captured the longencircled Polish city of To run killing or capturing the Ger man garrison bypassed in the lightning sweep westward Russian and German reports agreed that powerful soviet forces were massing on the east bank of the Oder in evident prepara tion for storming the last natural defense line athwart the approach es of Berlin The fall of Torun Polish fort ress city on the lower Vistula 80 miles northeast of Poznan and 25 miles southeast of Bydgoszcz was announced in a special order of the day by Marshal Stalin Abroad cast from Moscow It was possible that the Rus sians were even closer than 39 miles for the German communi que did not give the exact loca tion of the penetration to the riv er The Oder swings to within 28 miles of Berlin northwest of Kus trin But immediately northwest of Kustrin it is 39 miles from the capital and it seemed more likely that a point in the Kustrin vicinity was meant The eastern edge of Kustrin it self one of the chief defenses of the German capital was reached by the swift soviet punches rap idly spreading the finest of war to the heart of the reich said Ger man broadcasts Along a 70mile front Marshal Gregory Zliukov massed waves ol tanksand infantry for a1 quick smash7 at Berlins greatest dgi Weather Report FORECAST Mason Ctyy Mostly cloudy Thurs day nightand Friday with ris ing temperature Occasional light snow Lowest Thursday night about 5 above zero Iowa Mostly cloudy Thursday night and Friday with rising temperature Occasional light snow or rain Friday Minnesota Cloudy with occa sional light snow west portion Tuesday night and entire slate Friday Not so cold south and west portions Thursday night rising temperatures Friday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statistics Maximum Wednesday 9 Minimum Wednesday 18 below At 8 a m Thursday 17 below YEAR AGO Maximum 36 Minimum n control point for the highways leading to the north east coast of Luzon also was be lieved in American hands bar ring any possibility of a Japanese flanking threat to the Manila bound 37th Observers believed the columns on highway 5 might swing down from Cabanatuan to race the 37th i into Manila Exultant GIs spearheading the 27ths advance were no longer talking of possible fighting on the road to Manila but of the expect ed victory parade through the city and the only question among the troops nas whether they could prevent its destruction All available reports indicated the Japanese do not have suffi cient forces in Manila to make a finish fight of it in the citys streets and it was believed they would evacuate after destroying their ammunition and equipment wherever possible On the basis of their past per formances in the retreat through Tarlac and the Clark field area observers looked for the Japanese to destroy only the buildings housing their military stores leaving the bulk of Manila un damaged YANKS MAKE SECOND LUZON American forces arrow at left Tuesday invaded the Zambales coast of Luzon in support of the southwaid advance arrow at center from Lingayen gulf which is reported 20 miles ifom Manila Amphibious troops landed between San Nar the 6th armys main clso and San Antonio and drove inland through San forccs drove for the capital other celino to Castillejos But at the center of B head in he 40mile wide Frank furt salient betweefithe Oder the Warthe the German high command said it had hurled reserves to halt the invading col umns which already had broken through a defense shield 23 miles east of Frankfurt Red air fleet planes raked the BerlinFrankfurt highways and Moscow dispatches said nazi pris oners reported panic in the Ger man capital because German civ ilians believed the airmens red Clares were artillery flashes Officially Moscow placed the closest soviet approach to Berlin at 63 miles but an Associated Press dispatch from Moscow vir tually confirmed the German re ports of a much deeper advance Kustrin a 16th century fortified town of 16000 is on the east bank of the Oder and on the north bank of the Warthe at the confluence of the 2 rivers DNB said this key town one of the chief defenses of Berlin was approached by Zhukovs forces on the north side of the Warthe which captured Landsberg and then moved on to Beyersdorf 63 miles northeast of Berlin It was about Frankfurt a city of 75000 on the west side of the Oder 17 miles south ot Kustrin that the Germans had grouped their strongest fortifications along the line of the Oder to protect communierlions between Berlin and Breslau in Silesia With his wings spread out on a 70mile front Zhukov was pre paring for a mighty battle along the Oder which might break Ger man resistance and let the red army flood into Berlin The Germans were reported dynamiting shelling and bombing the Oder in a frantic effort to break up natural ice bridges The Russians quoted German prisoners as saying large elements of the German air force had been stripped from the Cologne and Aachen sector of the western front as the nazi high command threw in everything to stop the Russians I Swedish reports said sporadic gun flashes already were visible in Berlin from the cast and the rumblo of gunfire was audible Members of the to be mining buildings in the eastern portion ot the city for destruction in the event of a soviet breakthrough across the Oder Street barricades were being thrown up travelers reaching Sweden said and there was every indication that the Germans in tended to defend Berlin house by house if necessary The city was said to be jammed with refugees from Silesia Bran denburg and Pomerania Thou sands were living eating and sleeping in Berlins bombwrecked railway stations The soviet high command said the Germans ceaselessly were marching up fresh reserves and flinging them into battle without rest in a futile attempt to stem the Russian tide Soviet troops arc stolidly ad