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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 27, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND VtS SATURDAY JANUARY 27 1045 THE NEWSPATER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS m BROTHER ILL I Ed Ackcrman in with her sister Mrs Osa of Iowa Falls were called to Albuquerque N Mex Friday owing to the serious illness of their brother Elba Katsch who has been a patient in the Veter ans hospital lor several months The thyroid is a vascular duct less gland resting on the larynx u 1 Tin Cmtaa Ctnt MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY JANUARY 271945 CLAIM REDS AT Ends v JOAN BENNETT Richard Lotc Sot GFO KANSAN Raiders of Show Night AiToss the Bay Ghost Sdt Thru Wednesday Third Army Wipes Qut Last of Ardennes Bulge RIVER BARRIER TO GERMANY Northern Forces Consolidate Hold on Roer River Bank Paris JP U S 3rd army troops striking on a 20mile front in Luxembourg and Belgium gained up to 3 miles Saturday and reached the Our river barrier to Germany The Srds rollup to the Our river frontier wiping out last ves tiges ff the Ardennes bnlge came as the American 9th and British 2nd armies in the north consoli dated their hold along the west bank of the Roer river inside Ger many within 25 miles of Dussel dorf Allied troops held the initiative all along the winding western front and the Germans offensive in Alsace had dwindled out American 90th division patrols reached the Oiir river at a point 414 miles northeast of Clervaux in northern Luxembourg a front dispatch said They met no re sistance Troops of the 17th air borne division punched forward 3 miles at a point 7 miles below St Vith They and 3 other divisions were astride or across the skyline drive highway running north to St Vith on a 1500foot ridge over the Oar and theGermans Siegfried lmecjuarSbjgthereicli ZV miles aboveWiltz and the 80th and 5th divisions advanced from half to one mile The 3rd army bagged 591 prisoners Friday The U S 9th and British 2nd armies held the Roer river bank from Roermond to Monschu 19 miles southeast of Aachen and had widened the only breach in the Siegfried line to 35 miles Russias great offensives were being felt increasingly on the snowbound western front as wit nessed by the nazi withdrawal to the Roer river and the halt to German attacks in Alsace For the 2nd straight day pilots reported a steady flow of heavy rail traffic east and northeast from the whole Ruhr region This possibly was linked with the mounting menace to Germany in the east The Ruhr train move ments might reflect a lastminute shift of hoarded militarymateri el reserves eastward Allied planes battered again Friday at nazi rail and road trans port and RAF tactical air force planes alone in 150 sorties de stroyed 13 locomotives and dam aged IB wrecked or damaged 150 railway cars and 26 road vehi cles Snowdrifts hampered all 6 allied armies in the west and fog over hung the Alsace plain where the 79th Division of he U S 7th army had rubbed out the last German bridgehead over the Moder river west of Ilaguenau Men of the first and 3rd armies floundered through snowdrifts as deep as 7 to 8 feet Bettendorf Plant to Begin Production of Sherman Tanks Chicago of the 30ton General Sherman type of medium tanks is expected to get under way about June at the Bettendorf Iowa quadcities tank arsenal now operated by the In ternational Harvester company Col John Selzak chief of the Chicago ordnance district an nounced Friday that the Harves ter company had been awarded a war department con tract for construction of these tanks will continue its produc tion of M5 high speed artillery prime movers andrebuilding of General Sherman tanks until pro duction of the newer tank starts Due to changing military re quirements after the plant at Bel tendorf was set up originally to build tanks the Harvester com panys contract was terminated in March 1943 before full production was reached It was the first major war con tract termination of World war II Declare Army Seizure of Wards Illegal Chicago JP Federal Judge Philip L Sullivan Saturday de clared President Roosevelts or der for army seizure of Montgom ery Ward and company propertiei was illegal stating he reached hi conclusions with considerable re luctance U S Atty J Albert YVolI im mediately announced the govern ment would appeal On his motio Judge Sullivan proceed ings pending decision on the ap peal thus permitting army force to continue their control of 1 Ward establishments KAISER HEADS CLOTHING DRIVE Want 150 Million Pounds for Europe Washington J Kai ser shipbuilderindustrialist has accepted the national chairman ship 0l a unite d nat ions clothing collection for relief of the needyto In a letter made public by the white house Saturday President Roosevelt told Kaiser the drive The court held the lacked authority either in the war labor disputes act or in his war time powers as commander in chief for the seizure and upheld the company contention that Wards is not a war production plant within the meaning of the act Sewell L Avery chairman of the board of Wards said in Chandler Ariz that the decision meant a great day for labor and that it expressed the companys convictionsOn the New York and Chicago stock exchanges Wards common stock jumped after the decision and closed up 2 points Ruling on a case which the gov ernment said affected the nations entire wartime labor dispqute settlement machinery Judge Sul livan asserted Our nation is engaged in a global war and it is imperative thatwecontribute everything we TOKYO FRENCH INDOCHINA HIT BYSUPERFORTS Bomb Saigon Cholon IndoChina Capital for First Time Washington Supci fortresses kindled fires that raged uncontrolled at least 4 horn in Tokyo business districts Satur day and 2800 miles to the south west bombed the SaigonCholon area French IndoChina for the first time Almost simultaneously with war department announcements thai the B29s bad hit the main Japa nese Island of Honshu and enemy occupied IndoChiua Tokyo con ceded that the targets were the capital itself and the Saigon Cholon area A Japanese imperial headquar ters communique said 70 Super president ortresses dropped demolition am ncendiary bombs on Tokyo be ween 2 and 3 p in Tokyo time ausing fires that were no Brought under control until dus some 4 hours later Damage was caused at severa laces the communique said bu no damage was sustained by im portant industrial plants Anoth r Tokyo broadcast said most o he bombs fell in business dis tricts The war department announce nient said the Marianas base B29s hit industrial targets o Honshu It was the 7th raid he war on Tokyo and the firs since Jan S In the Indiabased attack on Trench IndoChina the Japanese controlled radio at Saigon said some material damage w a s caused in the twin cities ofsSai on and Cholon Twenty dead and 200 wounded will be started in April The American people wiil be asked to contribute 150000000 pounds of good used clothing for free dis tribution to men women and chil dren in the war exposed regions This is 10 times as much as the united nations relief administra tion obtained during a drive among the nations churches some months ago Asserting this phase of war re lief needs ranks high in urgen cy Mr Roosevelt recalled that his recent report on UNRRA re vealed that as many war victims have died from exposure and lack of adequate clothing as have died from starvation I feel assured he said that this appeal will receive the tra ditionally generous response of the American people The campaigns aim has been stated officially as being to collect usable used clothing for all the peoples of Europe Organizations which will par ticipate through the clothing re lief committee include such spe cialized volunteer agencies as those for British Russian and Greek relief and many regular American charity and allied groups The clothing will be distributed in liberated countries of Europe including Italy according to need but it will not go to peoples of recently conquered enemy terri tories according to present plans Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy havetoTirisufe its L cessful conclusion Our country is m a great crisis and our liberty and very existence are at stake So deeply do 1 fee on this subject that I believe it Is not too much to expect that for the duration employers employes anc unions on the home front should make a determined effort to adjust their labor disagreements without resorting to strikes and lockouts Selfishness arrogance intoler ance of the rights of others sell interest and unwillingness should during this emergency be all sub ordinated for the common good The peacetime privilege of en gaging in prolonged labor dis putes should be voluntarily sus pended for the duration A tri bunal has been established to ac complish a peaceful settlement o abor disputes during the war emergency In declaring the army seizure of 15 properties of the huge mai order concern on Dec 28 was il legal Judge Sullivan asserted I am of the opinion that the president was without authority either under section 3 of the wa labor disputes act or under thi war powers conferred upon him by the constitution as conunande in chief of the army and navy tt take possession of the plants an facilities of Montgomery Ward an company The decision in the case which the government said affected the nations entire wartime labor dis pute settlement machinery dis missed the government petition for a judgment to uphold legality of the seizure and for an injunction to restrain Wards officials from interfering with army operations Judge Sullivans opinion in the case which developed out of Wards refusal to obey war labor board directives in a long stand ing labor dispute said that If the disputants are not willing to obey the recommendations of the war labor board which are admittedly only advisory then congress alone is the only branch of the govern ment which can compel them to do so It is the duty of congress to enact the laws and the duty of the courts to interpret them he said SHERMAN TANK MOVES SOUTH ON LUZON S troops around a Sher man tank thrust forward from the Lingayen gulf beachhead to launch the offensive Manila Mountainous terrain can be seen in the background This is an official U S coast guard photo Jap Resistance Slows Yank Drive on Manila had alorier broadcast recordedi C r Saigon radioed id not identify the bombers specifi cally as B29s Saigon lies be yond the practical range of other landbased bombers The war de partment announcement of the at tack said militaryinstallations were attacked in IndoChina Saigon ranks with Hong Kong as 1 of the 2 largest naval bases on the China coast Carrier planes of Adm William F Halseys 3rd fleet sank 41 Japanese ships and damaged 28 others in attacks on Saigon Camranh bay and Quin hon harbor all in IndoChina Jan 12 Saturdays raid on IndoChina was the first by the 20th bomber command under its new com mander Ramey Brig Gen Roger M Mrs Roosevelt in Favor of Wallace New York Franklin D Roosevelt discussing in her column Saturday newspaper re ports of the senate commerce committee hearing and the back grounds and achievements o Jesse H Jones former commerce secretary and Henry A Wallace nominated as his successor com mented What stands out as you at least for that one man i looking backward and the other man is looking forward STALIN a river in advance against the nazis in the current Russian drive is thisnew soviet tank dubbed the Stalin As usual with the red army it car ries a cargo of infantrymen into the battle The tank is said to weigh approximately 50 tons That longsnouted gun is a 122 mm to give the German King Tiger tanks a fight Avery Says Decision Great Day for Labor Chandler Ari7 Av ery chairman of the board of di rectors of Montgomery Ward com pany said here Saturday that the decision of Federal JudgePhilip L Sullivan in declaring President Rosevelts order for army seizure of Ward properties illegal means a great day for labor The battle of Wards for seven years has been to maintain the in dependence of the individual in his constitutional rights to join a union not join a union or to re sign from a union as he wishes Avery declared Judge Sullivans decision ex presses the convictions of the com pany SHELL CLARK FIELD AIR BASE Say Enemy Gaining Time to Make Stand Geir MacArthuru Headquarters LBpn Japanese reactance slowed the American drive on barely 40 airline miles north the Philippines cap ta Saturdayas field dispatches said the enemy had started shell ng the recaptured air base at Clark Field A Tokyo broadcast recorded by he FCC said Japanese submarines bad torpedoed and heavily dam aged 2 American transports and a seaplane tender in the Mindanao sea south of Leytc in the southern Philippines Japanese artillery and mortar fire turned the Clark field air strips temporarily into a no mans land and American vanguards were pulled back slightly while guns and planes worked over the enemy emplacements in the hills to the west American medium tanks in con siderable numbers also were rein forcing the southern spearhead pointed toward Manila Reconnais sance patrols had penetrated as far southas Angeles some 40 air miles northwest of Manila and 4 miles south of the main Clark field air center The Japanese were not expected to make more than a delaying stand in the Clark Field area They were believed attempting to gain time to establish defenses farthei to the southeast presumably a the San Fernando river or a THOMAS PENDERGAST Pendergast Kansas City Boss Dies Kansas City Mo J Pendergast the former boss of the Kansas City political ma chine who backed Vice President Harry S Truman in his success ful candidacy for the U S senate in 1936 died Friday night at the age of 72 Death came to the former boss of the Kansas City wards just 3 months before his 5year proba tionary period from a federal tax ALLIES LAND ON CHEDUBA ISLAND Brings Forces Within t200 Wiles of Burma forces in the 5th amphibious hop on the Burma coast in 2 weeks have landed on Cheduba island 110 miles southeast of Akyab The landing brought their lines within less than 200 miles of the southern tip of Burma a southeast Asia communique announcing the move said Saturday Cheduba lies off the southwest ern end of Ramree island which was invaded early this week by British commandos The southern tip of Cheduba is due west of the coastal town of Taungup south ern terminus of the Myohaung Taungup highway the last re maining escape for thousands of Japanese concentrated in the Kal adan valley The communique also reported the capture of Myohaung 37 miles northeast of Akyab by troops ot the 15th Indian corps The amphibious operations which began with the landing and occupation of Akyab 2 weeks ago gave the allies tight control of the Arakan coast The 2 other landings were made on the Myebon peninsula midway between Akyab and Ramree and northeast of the peninsula in the Kangaw area where ground forces were last reported less than a mile from the MyohaungTaungup highway Although the communique gave majnfcoute froinrBoznflj j JvO uc rcrlliuU rvr ur Calumpit he latter only 25 miles evasion would have ended ground fighting it djsclosed thai A heart ailment aggravated by medium and fighter bombers in combination of lesser ills had I strength Friday bombed and UPPER SILESIA Nazis Say Russians About 97 Miles From German Capital BULLETIN London The red army has captured Sosnowiec industrial center in the Polish part of the Silesian industrial basin Marshal Stalin announced Saturday London The Germans an nounced Saturday that the red army had knocked out Hitlers warvital industries in rich upper Silesia and had lunged up to the Obra river 97 miles from Berlin German war industries in upper the area between Opueln and the Sudeten moun been shut down the Transocean agency said The broadcast added that workers and the population of the area were evacuated somewhere to the rear with the fate of the industrial fortress of upper Silesia handed over to the soldiers of the east front The announcement meant that Hitler had lost the industrial power of one of the rcichs great est arsenals increasingly vital to the Germans since the mass bombings of the Ruhr in the west The German high command an nounced that spearheads of Mar shal Gregory Y Zhukovs forces now on the high road due east of Berlin were halted in front of German on the Obra This river runs 75 to 95 miles cast of Berlin and bulges eastward to form part of the border of Bran denburg province in Ber lin is situated DNB German news agency said Russian tanks at Bentscheh a POPE HAS NO NEWS New York Pius XII said he lacked reliable news of Catholic life in Germany because no pastoral letters had been re ceived from bishops there in the last 18 months The Pope ad dressed the Marist solalities of Germany in a Vatican broadcast reported Saturday by FCC Weather Report Iowa FORECAST Cloudy through Sunday with light snow south west por tion Saturday night and west portion Sunday Colder Satur day night Minnesota Partly cloudy and slightly colder Saturday Sunday becoming cloudy with light snow southwest portion and lit tle change in temperature Mason City Cloudiness and some what colder Saturday night and Sunday Probably occasional snow flurries Saturday night Lowest Saturday night about 5 above IN MASON CITY Maximum Friday 28 Minimum Friday 15 At 8 a m Saturday 15 YEAR AGO Maximum 48 Mfnimum 36 Precipitation 53 rom Manila Far to the north the first corps outflanked Rosario Japanese an chor stronghold in the northeast corner of the invasion front with the occupation of high ground northeast of the town and the capture of Cauringan 3 miles southeast Medium and heavy bombers at tacked enemy shore defenses and barracks around Subic bay and elsewhere on Bataan peninsula on the western side of Manila bay Many coast defense positions were wrecked and explosions tonched off in supply areas Longrange reconnaiss ance planes from Philippines bases bombed shipping and shore in stallations at Formosa and adja cent waters Large fires and ex plosions were set off at Takao and among buildings on the south west cpast of Formosa Another plane made the first attack from Philippines bases on the China coast bombing the wa terfront at Amoy more than 700 miles north of Manila breed him to enter Menorah hos pital 4 days ago He had been in ailing health for a month and his veight had dropped from 250 pounds to 150 Although he was considered a very sick man by his physicians his family had expressed confi dence he would recover and live until May when his probation pe riod would have expired Funeral services will be held Monday Pendergasts moto was We OFFERS PRIZE New York Rus sian soldier to enter Berlin has been offered a prize by David Kay New York business man Kay a native of Lublin Po land made his offer Friday in a letter to the Russian consul gen erals office where a spokesman said it would be accepted as a token of appreciation Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Feed and We Vote em lie succeeded to the first ward leader ship when his brother James died and extended his control over the entire city and some times over the state strafed Japanese positions and hill areas near Kangaw and at other Arakan points Yank Hero Still Has Overshoes With the U S 3rd Army on the Western Front Louis J Lagerstrom International Falls Minn still had his overshoes Sat urday because he crawled through a hail of bullets to obtain help for a 4th division patrol which was pinned down with German ma chine gun fire A buddy who played dead I Short heavybodied and 1 when a phosphorous shell revealed paunchy Pendergast was the pic ture of the typical political boss and made governors and senators at will His outstanding political protege is Vice President Truman whom Pendergast backed from 1922 when he ran for judge of Jackson county Mo until his candidacy for the senate in 193G Pendergasts downfall came in 1939 when he was indicted for in come tax evasion He had received from an insurance com pany which had defrauded nolicy holders of 80 percent of 59500 000 in impounded premiums and had not reported the amount in his income tax return ACTOR DIES New York C Jay Wil liams 86 veteran actor and silent film director died at his home Friday His last engagement was in 1931 with Al Jolson in The Wonder Man the patrol 15 yards from the Ger man lines was robbed of his over shoes by a German soldier who kicked and searched him then fitted the shoes over his own boots When daylight came an attack ing force swept over the area and rescued the survivors some ol whom had been sweating it out in shell holes all night directing American artillery fire with their GLASS HOUSE ANTICS Hollywood Cal Eliz abeth Ortez wife of a sergean overseas will live in a Sunse Boulevard store window for thi next week to dramatize the pligh of servicemens wives who are un able to find living quarters Mrs Ortez was chosen for th glass cage job from 500 applicant and will be awarded a dia mond ring by a radio show The is 97 capital Stalin announced the capture ol RastenBurg and other cities on the approaches to Konigsberg the East Prussian capital The lakes area which tends across the south central portion of the province once had been considered by the Germans to be impregnable Sta lin observed At the same lime Gen Ivan Cherniakhovsky was swinging an arc around Konigsberg and a Moscow dispatch said encirclement of the capital might be a matter of hours Berlin said Marshal Gregory Y Zhukovs beeline for Berlin drive from central Poland had reached the GermanPolish fron tier in several places northwest and southwest of bypassed Poz nan The Germans said Bcntschen was in German hands but that It is likely the soviet forces in this area will follow up and that a new front will be established The nazi high command said one arm of this drive advanced between Leszno Lissa and the Metze river which winds north east in eastern Germany touching the border at Schneidemuhl 135 miles northeast of Berlin The Russians were halted in front of German positions on the Obra the German communique said The location of the drive as given by Berlin between the Nctzc and Polish Lcs7no indi cated that this spearhead was storming across the shortest route o the German capital The Obra t its nearest point is about 75 miles from Berlin It bulges easl rard and forms the Brandenburg lordcr for a short distance about 95 miles from the capital The northern army of the drive pcarcd to the border east ol Schneidemuhl said Transocoan a nazi agency The Germans said his spearhead reached the north ern bank of the Netze The German high command also said the Russians made several major penetrations of German ines in the upper southern Si lesianindustrial area south of the Vistula river Meanwhile in the north a force of perhaps 200000 nazis was trapped In East Prussia and faced destruction Marshal Konstantln K Rokossovskys brilliant drive to the Danzig bay area split the Junkers province breeding ground of German militarism while Zhu kovs right wing advanced beyond the Brombcrg canal and widened the breach between East Prussia and the rest of Germany Moscow reported that the Rus sian winter offensive thus far has cost the Germans 381000 killed and captured Fresh red army troops were said to have been hurled into the great drive through central Poland on both sides of Poznan The nazis Mos cow indicated were carrying out a major shift of troops to the east ern front A Moscow dispatch said the Germans were throwing armored reserves into their sagging front southwest of Poznan This dis
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