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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 24, 1945, Mason City, Iowa HORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OEPARTMfcisr jf HISTORY AHO A DES UOINES I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOLU Aaocteted Mw md United Foil Lcued Him Oats a Copyl MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY JANUARY 24 1945 Ffcper Consists of Two NO 9Z RUSSIAN TROOPS CAPTURE OPPELN Planes Continue Blasting of Retreating Nazi Troops Tanks CLAIM GERMANS MOVING ARMIES TO EAST FRONT First Third Hammer Sector of Belgium Still Held by Germans Paris Jf Allied warplanes Jones to Testify Before Senate Group Washington Jones cabinet feud came up for a public airing Wednesday before a senate committee sharply di vided in its sympathies Jesse H Jones the 70 year old Houston banker whom President Roosevelt ousted as secretary of commerce accepted the commerce committees order to appear at an afternoon hearing in the caucus room of the senate office building Former Vice President Henry A Wallace nominated by the president for Jones doublebar reled job as commerce secretary loan administrator as a campaign reward has been invited to testify Technically the committee wa not to examine the pair with re lation to senate confirmation of Wallaces nomination That matter was pushed to 2nd place Tuesday in favor of considering a bill of fered by Senator George to split away vast financial re sponsibilities from the commerce secretarys duties George proposed reconstituting control of the Reconstruction Fi nance corporation and other loan agencies in an independent 000ayear administrator as it was before President Roosevelt con solidated the lending authority with the commerce post 3 years Technicalities blasted anew Wednesday at a great exodus of German troops and tanks moving northeast by rail and road from the flattened Ardennes salient on the western front toward the convulsed Rus sian battlefields The mystery move still lacked Thursday officials clarification AP Corre spondent Roger D Greene reported from the northern part of the western front The American 1st and 3rd armies hammered through thick snowfields agairist the slender strip of Belgium and Luxembourg still in German hands Weather preventeti all but scat tered flights in the center but in the north RAF Spitfires and Tempests bombed and shot up scores of packed trooptrains with rockets cannons arid machineguns The Britons too flew in wretched weathen The trains presumably were loaded with a large part of the panzer forces which bore the brunt of Field Marshal Ton Rund stedts broken preChristmas oi fensive In the Ardennes The enemy continued to move In daylight despite the wholesale car nage and wreckage inflicted by lied planes Up and down the 3 mainrail roads from Dusseldorf to Hann over the RAF spread its fresh de struction and beatoff feeble Ger man aerial atempts to protect the trains Hannover is about 355 miles from the nearest Russians charging across western Poland the 1 Roads and rails were clogged sent the Germans moved by day as well as night despite allied air blows which in 48 hours up to Wednes Wallace and d day cost them 4706 trucks 207 other way of tanks and hundreds of railcars and president and locomotives British pilots alone attacked 165 packed eastbound troop trains on 3 lines between Dusseldorf and Hannover Pilots said trains moving toward the western front were empty Indications were that the Ger mans were withdrawing large armored forces from the west a front dispatch from the general area of Field Marshal Montgom erys headquarters said The Germans held a scant 200 square miles in the Ardennes half before the charging 3rd army in Luxembourg and half before the army captors of St Vith in Bel At least 25 towns were reported captured in those 2 countries and i in Germany itself where the Brit ish 2nd army drove into the 7 ivay highway junction of Heins berg on the river a near by tributary of the Roer Heins berg is 31 miles from Dnsseldorf and 16 from Munchen Gladbach Farther south the U S 7th army made a limited withdrawal in the general area east and north of Haguenau supreme headquar ters announced yielding most of the Haguenau forest but no large towns Five or 6 German divi sions have been exerting pressure inthis section of Alsace French first army poilus at tacked the Colmar pocket from north and south below Strasbourg A front dispatch said the French advanced several kilometers north of Colmar and crossed the HI river a Rhine tributary at sev eral points A pocket of 300 sur rounded Germans was being mop ped up North of Strasbourg Ger man 280millimeter shells were dropping into Haguenau and Bru math 6 miles southwest The threat to northern Alsace remain ed serious and considerable Ger man movements were noted in the Bitche salient to the west Opposite the Maas Meuse river the British 2nd army fought into Heinsberg last important German road center west of the Roer In attacks which have car ried more than 7 miles into north west Germany the British had struck to within 4 miles of Roer mond and 32 of Dusseldorf Third army Infantry advanced miles across the headwaters of the Clerve river in Luxem bourg capturing Binsfield tYi miles from Germany Farther south along themain hill line of the Clerve the 90th infantry and 6th cavalry encountered the en emy dug in on the east bank The occupation of the last rim i B29S STRIKE IWO HALFWAY FROM SAIPAN Follow Up Bombing of Nagoya Tuesday by Mariana Squadron Pearl Harbor Super fortresses turned their attention from the Japanese homeland tem porarily Wednesday for another heavy attack on military tions on Iwo stepping stone island half way from Saipan to Tokyo Twice before Marianas based Superfortresses have hit Iwo 750 miles southeast of Tokyo both times in conjunction with Lib erators and a naval task force There was no immediate indica tion whether surface vessels and other bombers joined in Wednes however were not likely to stand in the vvay of a thoroughgoing inquiry by the senators The dispute has rocked official 7WasEiriMton since Sunday night when Jones made public Roosevelts request that he step aside to make room for Wallace The committee shunted the George bill ahead of the Wallace nomination Tuesday by a vote of 10 to 2 with Senators Overton DLa and Pepper DFla in the minority and with several of the 11 democratic members ab ent Pepper described the George bill as a slap in the face for Wallace and declared it is an undercutting the glorifying Jesse Jones as if he were the only man in the world qualified to hold the Glen Taylor freshman demo cratic senator from Idaho came out in favor of Wallaces confir mation Taylor charged pres ent outcry against him is coming from the same vocal minority and special interest groups which were so soundly defeated in the recent election days bombardment Iwo in the Volcano group Is the main enemy air base athwart the Superfortress route to Tokyo Nagoya and Osaka and serves both as a warning base and as a nest for intercepting fighters Japanese bombers also have made hitrun raids from Iwo on the Marianas The new attack was announced in a brief bulletin from the war department in Washington which promised details later The raid followed by less than hours an attack on the main Japanese aircraft goya by Maj Gen Curtis Lemays Marianasbased 21st bomber com mand Returning pilots reported they met their heaviest fighter opposi tion yet over Japan at Nagoya with as many as 100 planes at tacking some formations At least 1 B29 was lost and a war depart ment communique said 15 enemy aircraft were shot down and 34 damaged seriously The Japanese acknowledged the loss of only 6 planes The Iwo attack was announced while Pacific fleet headquarters was awaiting word of the results of the 3rd fleets latest foray against Japans China sea strong holds A Pacific fleets carrier planes Reappointed to Labor Post Washington resident Roosevelt has redesignated Frances Perkins as secretary of labor in his 4th term cabinet after declining to accept her resignation It was learned authoritatively Wednesday Miss Perkins intended her as a stick and that she had been preparing to leave Wash ington after the inauguration Mr Roosevelt rejected the res ignation orally last auguration n d followed through with a letter Miss Perkins who served as New York labor commissioner for 13 years before her appointment to the cabinet in 1933 has been under fire throughout much her stay in Washington Difficulty of selecting a date from the ranks of labor who would be acceptable to both the AFL and CIO has been generally given as the reason for her long tenure in the face of an oftenex pressed desire to quit REDS REPORT SEVENTH ARMY IN OFFENSIVE Kaiisz Falls After 4 Day Tank Battle Storm Oder River Line BULLETIN London troops Wednesday captured Oppeln capi tal of Upper Silesia Marshal Stalin announced in an order of the flay Other troops flanking Breslan captured Trachenberg 156 miles southeast of Berlin and 23 north and west of Breslau MILITARY SHRINE OF GERMANS FALLS TO red army has invaded the homeland of Germany in massive strength and captured the nazi military shrine oE Tannenberg in East Prussia the burial place of von Hindenburg and the scene of that German leaders defeat of the Russian imperial army in World war I The soviet army won a sweet revenge as its now victorious troops stood before the tomb where lies the Ger man field marshal who as president of Germany with Hitler as his chancellor died in 1934 Shortly after his death the above scene at the Tannenberg memorial took place as Adolf Hitler successor as reich ruler addressed his troops unofficially estimated at more attacked Okinawa of the salient remaining in Ger man hands proceeded along a 30 mile front The utterly ruined vil lage of St Vith was firmly in hands of the 7th armored division Vianden the south anchor of 500 or in the Ryukyu islands 250 miles south of Japan Monday 24 hours after destroying or damaging 240 en emy aircraft in raids on the For mosa area ATokyo broadcast said Japa nese planes heavily damaged and set afire a battleship and another warship in an attack on an allied task force east of Formosa Tues day night Gen Douglas MacArthurs Phil ippinesbased bombers also struck 16 BACK PEACE ORGANIZATION New Senators Send Roosevelt Assurance By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS x t e en new members of theUnited ate advised President Roosevelt Wednesday that they will back formation of a united nations or ganization to preserve world peace The 10 new democratic and 6 new republican members got to gether on their own initiative and sent their assurance in a letter to the white house Wishing Mr Roosevelt success inconferences with Marshal Stalin and Prime Minister Churchill the freshmen senators said We believe this government should use all reasonable means to assure our allies and the other nations of the world that we in tend to share in the direction of and the responsibility for the set tlement of this war and the main tenance of peace They suggested further that an agreement among the major allies be concluded as soon as possible to demilitarize Germany and to keep it demilitarized We believe they said that this government should as soon as possible arrange to participate affirmatively in all decisions af fecting the establishment of law and order in the liberated or en emy countries It was learned that Senators Close in on Bamban Clark Field Airstrips German lines in the Ardennes was entered It is a half mile from the frontier and it was not known whether any Germans remained there The British occupied Maas bracht Aphoven Brachterbeek St Joost Obspringen Laffeld and Waldenrath and fought in Mont fort 4 miles south of the German stronghold of Roermond where the Roer meets the Maas The German withdrawal into the reich from the Ardennes sal ient was in broad daylight and despite terrible punishment in flicted by American and British planes Because of allied air su periority German transports ha bitually move only by night unless the need is of the utmost urgency The obvious explanation seem ed to be that the German com mand was rushing reinforcements from the western front to meet the great Russian offensive in the east Greene reported It seemed unlikely they were merely pulling backto refit and rest after the savage beating suffered at the hands of the Americans otherwise they would go back at a slower tempo and move by night British planes Tuesday rippec up and down the great rail ar teries through Dusseldorf to Han nover disabled 88 locomotives and 286 railcars Railroads were cul in 29 places The entire effort 01 the German air force was directed to protecting rail lines from the Ardennes and Dusseldorf areas but the enemy failed dismally anc lost from 34 to 52 planes of 300 flown in the north The RAF los 12 The Germans counterattackei with tanks and infantry at places in the St Vith area Each thrust was repulsed uuiiiucin uiau an LHA at the Formosa area bombing the Fulbnght DArk and Smith R Heito airbase on Formosa and de stroying or damaging 4 small freighters in the Sakishima groups Okinawa and MRS F D R TO PARIS London Paris dispatch o the London Daily Mail said Vednesday that Mrs Eleanor loosevelr wife of the president of he United States was expected to visit Paris shortly possibly in the next fortnight with Presidential Secretary Stephen Early Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy Wed nesday night and Thursday with no decided change in tem perature Lowest Wednesday night about 15 Iowa Fair Wednesday night fol lowed by increasing cloudiness Thursday No important tem perature change Minnesota Fair south and cloudy north portion Wednesday night Warmer north portion Thurs day mostly cloudy with little change in temperature Occa sional light snow extreme north portion Wednesday night and northeast and extreme north portion Thursday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statistics Maximum Tuesday 34 Minimum Tuesday 24 At 8 a m Wednesday 9 YEAR AGO Maximum 46 Minimum 28 Precipitation Trace N J were leaders in formulat ing the letter to the white house In the last congress Fuibright then a member of the house spon sored a resolution favoring crea tion of international machinery with the power to maintain last ing peace Other signers the of Missouri Hoey of North Carolina McMahon of Connecticut Mitchell of Wash ington Myers of Pennsylvania and Taylor of Idaho Republican signers in addition to Smith were Capehart of Indi ana Donnell of Missouri Hicken looper of Iowa Morse of Oregon and Saltpnstall of Massachusetts In addition Senators Magnuson DWash and Moses DN Dak were reached by telephone and were reported in agreement with the statement Senator John ston DS Car was out of town but associates said he also sub scribed The only point of even minor disagreement among the freshmen legislators was reported to be over the wording of the firs pledge in the letter As originally drafted it simply declared We favor the formation at the earliest possible moment o a united nations organization Some of the senators it was re ported wanted to add in har hony with general purposes o the Dumbarton Oaks conferences FROM MANILA Jap Forces Abandon New Defenses in Hills Genera MacArthurs H e a fl quarlers Luzon forces have abandoned new well prepared defenses in the hills northwest of Bamban 53 miles from Manila and the fall of that lasl bastion shielding Clark field appeared imminent Wednesday Maj Gen Oscar Griswolds 14th corps already may be within 50 air miles of Manila at a point east of Bamban Concepcion 53 miles northwest of the Philippines capital and six and a half miles northeast of Bamban was overrun Tuesday United Press War Correspondent Frank Hewlett reported from the front that the 40th California division was closing in late Tues day on both Bamban and the Bamban airfield 3 miles northeast of the town and the first of the Clark field airstrips Japanese opposition to the front al advance on Bamban stiffened Tuesday afternoon Hewlett said but dual purpose antiaircraft antilank guns silenced enemy bat erios and most enemy snipers soon fterward fell back farther south The enemys abandonment of dc ensc positions completed only a ew months ago northwest of lamban was taken as a sign that he will not attempt a strong stand even at the Bamban river which isects the Luzon plain a mile south of the town Hewlett said American engineers with bull dozers scrapers and other equip House Against Residence Des Moines question of whether the state should obtain a residence for its governor met a flurry of opposition in a prelim inary test in the house Wednes day and lost by 9 votes The vote was 46 for and 51 against a resolution to appoint a joint senatehouse committee to investigate and take options on prospective houses that could be purchased Fiftyfive votes were needed for passage The resolution was offered by Representatives Carroll A Lane D A Donbhue R Tipton and 16 others Lane said opposition to the res olution apparently came from a bloc which sought to establish it self as definitely committed to a program of economy Rep G E Whitehead R Perry and Rep Henry Wormley RKi n gsl ey unsuccessfully sought to aid proponents of the resolution The majority of those who took the floor voiced definite opposi tion to the purchase of a gov ernors home at this time despite HANDS HEIGHT State College Pa Penn States tallest basketball man is 6 foot eighter who is playing th cage game for the first time He i Herb Curric PLAN TO CUT RET AIL COSTS Will Increase Supply of Low Priced Clothing Washington govern ment Tuesday announced a dras tic textile and clothing program designed to cut consumer costs 6 to 7 per cent and to increase sup plies of low and mediumpriced essential garments The plan blanketing miils clothing manufacturers and deal admittedly tough on announced at a joint news conference by Chairman J A Krug of the war production board and Price Administrator Chester Bowles The price cuts and increase in supplies arc expected by late spring they said The joint control will channel 75 per cent of all civilian fabric into garments termed essential by WPB to avert what Krug called a very serious supply situation ahead It will roll back prices from mill to dry goods stores to the level of the first half of 1043 as a remedy for what Bowles de as the most serious London Red army troops battled to force the Oder river barrier in Silesia Wednesday and Marshal Stalin announced the cap ture of the Polish hinge strong hold of Kaiisz to the northeast after 4day tank battle Stalin also disclosed that 6th soviet army group has entered the winter offensive scoring a 23 milewide breakthrough inCzerha lovakia East Prussia in the north vas being carved in 2by red army groups In Silesia Soviets battled in the tsreets of Oppeln arid Gleiwitz and gained ground near the Oder river towns of Cosel both below Breslau Kaiisz 61 miles northeast of Breslau and about the same dis tance southeast of Poznan fell to Marshal Gregory Zhukovs first white Russian army Other Zhu kov forces struck through stub born nazi tank and infantry op position toward Poznan 137 nuln from Berlin Kaiisz pop 68000 guards ap proaches to both Breslau and Poz nan Stalin ordered a victory salute of 20 salvoes from 324 guns 9 mark its fall It lies 56 i westv offeodz Gains in the Oder riverbattle ivere announced in a iate Moscow dispatch This direct Associated Press dispatch written at 5 p m satfl there were no indications yet that Marshal Ivan Konevs men have crossed the frozen Oder An earlier Reuters dispatch from Moscow however said Konevs men had established at least 1 bridgehead across the Oder last great natural barrier protecting the heart of Germany presumably near Bricg Marshal Stalin declared a 6lh winter offensive beating into German lines had scored a new 25 mile wide breakthrough in eastern Czechoslovakia advancing 16 miles in the area about 150 miles southeast of the Oder river battle This latest push by the 2nd Ukrainiah army of Marshal Rodion Malinovsky toppled the strong points of Rozsnyo 33 miles south vest ofKassa and Jolsvatapolca another 13 miles west Stalin sa luted the gains through moun tains and forests by 24 generals and 28 other commanders Berlin reports said a 7th offen sive was under way in Latvia on the north of the embattled eastern the fact the question before the j breach in price control Quality j front A lute Moscow dispatch said tlic Germans with their grip on Si house was simply on the matter I controls to protect consumers are of appointing committee Lane and Donoluie declared ncludccl We have enough textiles in the j Icsia and East Prussia slackening Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy ment were awaiting the capture of he Bamban airstrip eagerly With hundreds of acres of dispersal area the field offers unlimited pos sibilities for aerial support of the inal assault on Manila only a lit tle more than 50 miles to the soutli Filipino civilians told American officers that American planes de stroyed scores of Japanese planes on the runways and revetments at Bamban with the result that the enemy seldom had used the field since last September The remnants of the Japanese base force were evacuated to Manila 9 days ago they said Army engineers were expected to have the field in operation within a few days of its capture The other 10 Clark field airstrips He south of the Bamban river Hewlett said the advance on Bamban was being spearheaded by units commanded by Col Edward J Murray of Sacramento Cal former state highway engineer while his subordinates included Maj John McSweeney 8925 West Maj Harry Chittick 1821 West 143rd street Lt Col Maurice Stratta 3172 Casadore all of Los Angeles and Maj Rex Stout Eagle Rock Cal California national guardsmen predominate in the 40th division Other American units strength ened the east flank of the Ameri can beachhead with thmsts into that passage of the resolution would not commit the legislature to any action Whitehead made the point that the committee merely would find out whether this was a good time to buy a home Rep M L Hicklin RWapello opened the debate by asserting he was convinced this was not the time to buy real estate in Des Moines country to fill essential needs if I apparently had slaked the defense all fabrics arc made into theof Berlin and the core of Gcr things civilians need and not into lot of frills and ruffles Krug many on the Poznan salient 46 asserted miles from the reich border Mar shal Gregory Zhukovs men have UBOATS NEAR NORWAY London reports Wednesday said the Germans re cently stationed 100 new Uboats at Norwegian ports as far north as Narvik with the purpose of re suming their submarine campaign Zarazoga 19 miles northwest of Bamban and San Emanacl farth er north and the neutralization of enemy defenses in the Rosario and Pozorrubio areas at the north east corner of the invasion front The Japanese stronghold on Mt Alava south of Pozorrubio was wiped quantities of supplies including 2000 tons of ammunition and 6 artillery pieces were captured On the western flank 14th corps troops speared across the Zambales foothills to Camp ODonnell 84 miles northwest of Bamban The Japanese formerly confined many American surviv ors of the infamous Death March afBataan in a large concentra tion camp at Camp ODonnell but the prisoners had been removed and there were no reports that any American prisoners were re covered there RUSSIANS REPORTED IN POZNAN Arrows indicate red army drives on the eastern front heavy Moscow said Russian troops were within 137 miles of Berlin in the area of Poznan To the north red army pincers tightened on East Prussia and to the south the Russians had reached the Oder river between Breslau and Oppeln
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