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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 22, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH fOWANS NEIGHIORS VOL LI Aaoditcd Pram tot United Press Full Lcjucd HOME EDITION LIMIT Five Ccati a COPJ MASON One Mans Opinion A Hidlo Commentary br W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO Muen City Banter p m WOfc Amo P m WSU1 Clly WedntsdVr m 1VTAD Qntucr Bl Thundiy p SI KSCJ KIoox City frtitf 6 p m Agriculture in Britain PROBABLY the most common misconception held by Ameri cans with respect to agriculture in the British Isles is the almost universal assumption that the in dividual farmer is cultivating only Jew acres Before my visit there last fall I thought of the average farm as being no larger than 20 or 25 acres In this conception of British Isles agriculture were just about as wrong as we could be The truth is that many British farms think I can say most British farms compare quite favorably as to size with the farms of agri cultural Iowa This I think was the greatest surprise I had in my closeup study of food production In England Scotland and south Ireland During my time over there I was the guest in 2 farm homes One of these was a 600 acre tract given over to dairying some 20 miles from Glasgow Scotland The other was a 300 acre farm near Bletchley England in what is known as the south Midlands it was 50 miles to the north of London Both of these farms I quickly admit are well above the na tional not as much above that average as you might thinlc IOWA MONDAY JANUARY K IMS RUSSIANS TAKE INSTERBURG Senator George Moves to Strip Commerce Post of Control Over Loan Agencies Washington A move to strip Henry A Wallace of control over federal loan and financing agencies as commerce secretary was started in the senate Monday byFinance Committee Chairman George Evidencingthe opposition to Wallaces nomination among southern democrats and republi cans George offered legislation to reestablish the federal loan agen cy as a separate and independent arm of government He acted shortly after the sen ate received President Roosevelts formal nomination of Wallace to succeed Jesse Jones a post for which Jones said the former vice president is unsuited Mr Roosevelts rejection of a congressional request that Jones be retained as head of the Re construction Finance corporation and its subsidiary agencies in the event of Wallaces appointment stirred bitter resentment on cap itol hill As the storm gathered Wallace himself issued a statement in which he said he saw opportunity in his new post to raise the lot of the common man to a point where he will beno less prosper ous in peace than in war of Wallace called for full and ef While I was visiting with one ficient employment throughout my hosts Peter MacBeth on the nation and for opportunity e naon an or the farm to the north of London for free enterprise I put this question to him How large do your farms run around here lvoull At first he thought it was about velts executive order of 100 acres Then he got out his transferring the federal pencil and set down the acreage agency the Reconstruction Pi i me nticousu ucnon ri I of several neighbors When he nance corporation and its sub I SVBCk aYerage found sidiary agencies to the jurisdiction that it was In the neighborhood of the commerce department of 160 acres I know of a lot of The bill calls for the appoint ment by the president of a administrator to head the rees I farms in Iowa not that large IF we were talking about indi vidual fields the story would Ibedifferent I seriously doubt t whether they average10acres the other by that one best trade I mark of rural haw thorn hedgerow In Eire its the stone fence and in Scotland its both hedgerows and stone fences Wire fences such as we are accustomed to are ararity indeed in Britain Where weve made our mis take I suspect is in assuming that each of these tiny tracts is the extent of the individual farmers operations It isnt so Instead the individual farmer will have as many as a dozen of these little divided from each other by stone fences or hedgerows So much for the size of British farms Now lets talk for a little while about these hedgerows Ive mentioned TO as I am of a highly developed utilitarian sense of values hedgerows rep j resent a monumental and inex I Reusable waste If they could be 1 eliminated I have it figured that r Englands total food production f would automatically be stepped t up around 8 or 10 per cent i These hedgerows yon under stand grow about IB feethigh and they spread out over 8 or 10 feet into ihe adjacent fields Be ing lowsrowlng trees they sap the fertility to some extent at least from a wider band of what otherwise could be foodproducing land Theyre beautiful Yes But oh so costly Thats the way I feel about hedgerows But it isnt the way Jthe people of England feel about them In their thinking England just wouldnt be England without its myriad hedgerows To talk about eliminating hedgerows is to the English like suggesting that the crown be done away with Its high treason HEDGEROWS are more than an institution Theyre an art and a than that a fully recognized craft Laying a hedge row as its called and keeping a hedgerow In repair after it has been laid is something that calls approximately the degree of most specialized skill generally associ ated with masonry or carpentry Rare indeed is the farmer who most part appearance more noticeable to pain to the English farmer importance of the hedge A row in the British scheme of things is adequately reflected in Georges bill which he intro duced withouj floor comment would set aside President Roose 1942 loan agency statement Wallace said T am happy that the presidenl J a position In the highly geared world of today and tomorrow theremust be full and efficient employment through the nation The senate received Wallace formal nomination from the white house shortlyafter it convened al noon Jn what appeared to be a bid for southern democratic support when his nomination comes up for confirmation Wallace summed up his new job as one designed to promote a maximum of nationa employment by private business The lowan added that govern ment must accept the duty of see the United States is fundamental Problem to an enduring peace shortages IITII rlTTr rrirtfjrfirc Yi i enduring peace Wallace laid down a 4poin HENRT A WALLACE Add Anti ClosedShop Amendment Washington if The house military committee wrote an ant closedshop amendment into man power legislation Monday and re fused to specify agriculture as critical industry The amendment which mem bers said was approved 14 to 10 in a closed session stipulated thai no man taking an industrial job at the request or direction of his draft board shall be required to join a union as a condition of em ployment Opponents contended amendment offered by Repre sentative Andrews RN Y would contracts ihdustry sn labor The committee likewise turne down an amendment by Repre sentative Stewart to write into the workorbejailed ing that all men in health have L001 and steel industries were Jobs that full employment in addec Monday to the nations in to consider agriculture as a critical war industry and to is sue at once a directive to local draft boards ordering them to fol low the letter of the Tydings amendment This portion of the selective service law spells out conditions under which farm workers may be deferred from in duction Reports of alarming conditions m coal and steel industries were DESTROY 3000 NAZI TRUCKS IN WITHDRAWAL Allied Planes Attack German Transport in Retreat From Ardennes Paris Allied warplanes caught 3000 German vehicles the bulk of transport of an entire army in an attempted sneakaway from the Ardennes salient through the Siegfried line to the Rhine and tore them to pieces Monday in a ruinous daylong altack The planes attacked with bombs rockets and machineguns The nazis had waited too long to run the gantlet down the snow drifted escape roads and were caught on 2 highways in concen trations sothick that the allied pilots said afterwards we couldnt miss There was every indication that the ruin would be the greatest since the wounded Wehrmacht fled fjr the Seine through the Falaise gap The destruction of equipment promised virtually to immobilize at least one of Field Marshal von Rundstedts 2 mobile reserve armies The U S first army closed with in 2i miles of St Vilh Gen Els enhowers communique listed 14 captured towns nearly all in Bel gium and Luxembourg where the deflated bulge was less than 150 square miles The British moved within 35 miles of Dusseldorf and within 5 miles of the Roer river in a fresh 2mile advance through northwest Germany The French first army driving up the Rhine valley and through the Vosges from Mulhouse was slowed by deep snow German at tacks north Qf Strasbourg pow ered by 5 or 6 divisions and in the dormant Saarlautern area across the Saar v river were de Sixth Army Less Than 60 Miles From Manila The whole portentious next phase of the war in the west was slowly taking shape It was ob vious that the powerful influence of the terrific Russian blows against the eastern front was be mu me ituiituroejauea aBcuuai me eastern ironi was De legislation a directive to selective inS felt Gen Eisenhowers armies SCrViCe tO Cnimirtpp nnri ATarcllnl fsfnlinc Tvnpcn creasing problems over war man rsae5vlceth5h he be can satlsfactonly per tempts it 1 tnis tne presi Incidentally hedgerows of the dfnts letter continued at the end iclish countryside have been thc campaign in which he dis far the the ticket in a great many parts iiinujr dd the country Though not on the As a result most of the hedge ticket tiimsclf he gave of his ut rowsbave been neglected for the rnost toward the victory which past 4 or 5 years Their rundown ensued i Jones interpreted this as mean them m their mg Mr Roosevelt wanted to hand beauty than to the visitor from out a cahinet post as a reward OltLtlrio1C 51 nf tevvcuu paign the cam REASON FOR DIVORCE Pittsburgh Evelyn R uaey reecte in rars ivelyn R every contract between tenant Portas 23 testified she found an and landlord Among other things application to marry another rae But congress hopes to have some of the answers figured out before this weekend as the house mili tary affairs committee resumes of workorjail leg Program in which he declared tha opportunity for free enterprise among business men must be ex panded particularly among small business men Opposition to the presidents stef industry in indorsing appointment of Wallace to the P Ion sces these danger multibillion dollar lending post held by Jones was voiced byre publican senators and southern members were hardly more guarded in expressing their cri ticism of the move The gist of their disagreement was that congress had given the loan administrator extraordinary authority simply on the under standing that those powers would be administered by Jones In the face of pleas from such men as Senators Connally D Tex and Bailey DN Car that Jones be kepton at least in his capacity as head of vast federal financing agencies the president called for and received the latters bitter but full acquiescence I must accede to your deci sion said Jones in a letter em phasizing that I can not agree that Wallace until Saturday the vice president would be a good man for the job Mr Roosevelt had written Jones that Henry Wallace deserves al A reduced coal supply down to a point to seriously threaten steel mill operations Loss of manpower in the steel mills in the approaching induction of men aged 26 through 29 eien though steel is classed as a criti cal industry To prevent any possible further decline in coal supplies the steel industry invited John L Lewis to present soon any new wage de mands he may have in mind The existing union contract be tween the united mine workers of America headed by Lewis and coal operators expires March 31 1945 Immediate steps should be taken to determine and resolve any de mands that may be made upon the mine operators thereby prevent ing a stoppage in the current flow of coal the steel industry pointed out Making the manpower puzzle all the more pressing huge in creases in steel will be needed for expanding army and navy ammunition The armys ammunition pro gram alone will amount to 000000 an increase of more than 50 per cent over 1044 A war production board report shows that among 13 urgent mu nitions projects only the output of navy rockets fell off last month but it cautions that the big job remains to be done To meet January schedules the whole category of critical pro grams must be stepped rockets by 92 per cent over De cember hot aircraft 27 per cent truck and bus tires 17 per cent heavy artillery 14 per cent As congress pitches In again on the needs for workorjail man power controls this was the situa and Marshal Stalins masses were slightly more than 500 miles apart Although it is too early yet to see the full effect there are these possibilities 1 The Germans who rushed at least some of the thin armored reserve south to the Alsace plain for a last try blow at Strasbourg may have had to switch their strategy in the middle of the move and save whatever strength pos sible for the supreme test in the spring and summer Attacks south of the Wisscm bourg gap and across the Rhine just north of Strasbourg seemed to lack punch They were being held by the U S 7th army after initial gains which at least for the moment were being left unex ploited 2 The Germans were getting out of a flattened Ardennes bulge in virtually a complete abandon ment of a 15 to 20 mile flank northwest of Vianden and heavy troop train movements reported at Bonn reflected last minute changes in the Wchrmachts cross Khinc line in the north That suggested that the Ger mans were going once more ovei to a mere delaying reinforcing the Roer river line guarding the Ruhr and Rhineiand and great cities like Dusseldorf and Cologne for a stand nearer the Rhine A deep snow blanket covered western front battlefields from Holland to the Alsatian Rhineiand where the mounting drifts were apparently hampering the French 1st army offensive against the Germans in the ColmarMulhousc salient Bay your War Bonds am Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy from your GlobeGazette Maximum Weather Report FORECAST Iowa Fair Monday night and Tuesday Colder east portion Monday night Little change in temperature Tuesday City Fair and colder Mon day night lowest temperature about 5 above at Mason City Tuesday partly cloudy Minnesota Generally fair with little change in temperature through Tuesday Colder north east portion Monday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statiscs Maximum Sunday 32 Minimum Sunday 17 At 8 a m Monday 17 YEAR AGO carrier boy Minimum BOMBS unusual picture of 1000pound bombs being dropped from Marauders over Germany was made from the bombardiers greenhouse of another APPROACH CLARK Philippine 200 AT BELMOND HELD AIRPORTS TTarlac La Paz fall With Little Resistance Gen MacArthurs Headquarters Luzon UR Sixth army forces rolled south across the central Luzon plains in a 10 mile front Monday less than 60 miles from Manila and 20 miles from the great lark field system of airdromes Luzons 2nd largest city Tarlac and La Paz 10 miles to the east southeast ivere overrun Saturday in the first hours of the resumed march on the Philippines capital and the advance was continuing against negligible resistance The Americans were 70 miles halfway to Manila the Lingayen gulf invasion beaches to La Paz It seems likely they would reach and capture Clark field without further pause for regrouping Tarlacs 2 airfields were capr tured in good condition but the speed of the southward advance indicated the American command would not waste time moving up supplies and repairing the air strips when the vastly superior Clark field soon may be within its Pearl Harbor UR Admiral William F Halseys third fleet re grasp The Americans resumed their Crrier day hurling 450 carrier planes against Formosa and Okinawa in a ninehour assault Tokyo broad casts reported Monday Philippinesbased bombers also have joined the offensive Gen Douglas MaeArthur revealed that his longrange air patrols extend ing their attacks to the China coast for the first time scored a direct hit on a large vessel in a convoy off Amoy 600 miles north ofthe nearest American air base on Luzon MacArthurs bombers also started fires at Heito and Oka yama air bases on Formosa Pacificfleet headquarters re mained silent on Tokyo claims that thethird fleet had gone into action against Formosa and Oki nawa again but reported that its planes had shot down 16 Japanese planes attempting to fly from For mosa to Luzon last Saturday The announcement at least placed the third fleet in waters off Formosa within 24 hours of the reported raidon that island and on Okinawa the latter in the Ryukyu group 3GO miles north of Formosa and 325 miles southwest of Japan proper Airfields cities and towns were bombed heavily the dispatch said but it added that losses were light Thirtyeight planes were shot down and 21 damaged Dome said advance on Manila Saturday after other units further consolidated their east flank with a new cross ing of the Agno river at Santa Maria 20 miles east of the orig inal crossing at Bayambang and the capture of Rosalcs Balungao and San Leon along 6 mile front 5 miles below Santa iUaria Secure from a counterattack from the east the Americans moved cautiously into Tarlacsoon after 8 a m Sunday against only sniper fire They found the city a provincial capital and most an unidentified type portant highway hub north oE Ma ol a task force lr waters nila in smouldering mins from east of Sunday Japanese demolitions Frank Hewlett United Press D war correspondent with forward KOOu tO Berlin elements said Ihe bulk of the j Eastern front 19 Japanese had pulled out of Tarlac j irom west o Sampolno onlv Fndav after virtually winine vuuiu miles Another Japanese communique said Japanese planes striking back had damaged heavily and set afire three American aircraft carriers and an unidentified type All public buildings including the 4 year old provincial capitol schools and hospitals were blasted to rubble Survivors among the citys peacetime population of 17000 said the buildings had been filled with ammunition food and other supplies which the Japanese had been unable to fake with them in their hasty retreat However the city power plant water system ice plant and bot tling works were left intact No booby traps were found Civilians began moving back into Tarlac following its liberation and set about collecting rice clothing and furniture from both damaged and undamaged buildings La Paz 10 miles east and slightly south of Tarlac fell to a column pushing down a parallel highway La Paz lies 70 road miles inland from the Lingayen gulf 60 miles from Manila and approxi mately 20 miles from Clark field from Linnich Julich Durcn 3 Italian front 544 miles from Reno Victoria 10 miles north of La PazjLcyte and 8 miles northeast of Tarlac also was captured Gen Douglas MacArfhurs dally communique also revealed belat edly that the Japanese launched a smallscale counterattack against JUoncada 16 miles north of Tarlac Thursday night and were bloodily repulsed On Leyte American patrols pur suing enemy remnant into the northwestern hills killed an addi tional 610 Japanese and Captured 7 bringing enemy casualties in the 3 month Leyte campaign to 68839 dead and 692 captured One American was lost to every II Japanese killed wounded or captured on Leyte a spokesman said He estimated 2000 to 3000 scattered Japanese remained on Will Process Soybean Oil Meal at New Unit Mills Inc fflcially opened its soybean plant in Belmond Saturday with spe cial ceremonies including a lunch eon and plant tour The plant converted from a for mer beet sugar refinery by the installation of an AllisChalmers continuous extraction unit will produce soybean oil and soybean oil meal handling a total of 3 500000 bushels of soybeans an nually Total capacity of the grain storage tanks will be 1500000 bushels About 200 persons including General Mills executives Bclmond townspeople and business men representing allied interests and representatives of various seg ments of the soybean industry at tended the luncheon in Belmond With Whitney H Eastman presi dent of the vegetable oil and pro tein division of General Mills serving as chairman the luncheon program included the following speakers The Hon Rohert D Blue governor of Iowa James F Bell chairman of the board of directors of General Mills Harry A Bullis company president Lu cian C Sprague president of the Minneapolis and St Louis rail road Doctor Charles E Friley L vxtu UUULUI Vjiliines fj 1 rllCV president Of Iowa State coUege about 19 miles and Clair Christie president of the Chamber of Commerce CLAIM ARMIES ARE 182 MILES FROM BERLIN Second Third Forces Close in On East Prussian Junction London Russian armies cap lured Insterburg Monday in a sweep which rapidly was engulf ing East Prussia and drove past the Vistula bend in Poland to within 182 miles of Berlin The 2nd and 3rd White Rus sian armies driving into East Prussia from the southwest and northeast were only 80 miles from a junction which would slice East Prussia in two Marshal Gregory Zhukovs cen tral offensive overran Lablszyn 182 miles from Berlin and only 11 miles southwest of Bydgoszcz at the elbow of the Vistula where it turns north to Danzig Bydgoszcz is the 7th city of Po land with a population of 141000 It is 90 miles southwest of Dan zig 190 from Berlin and 34 miles from the German border of Pom erania Inowroclaw Aleksandrow and Argenaa also were captured in Zhukovs drive on the main route from Warsaw to Berlin All 3 towns arc within 32 miles of Bydgoszcz Capture of Allenstein a rail enter 30 miles inside East Prus sias southern border was an nounced by Marshal Stalin in his 3rd order of the day Insterburg a city of 40000 is only 50 miles from Konigsoerg capital of East Prussia and is 37 miles inside the province Stalin fall of the key railway center in his 18th or der of the day in 6 days and praised 40 generals for taking part in the capture Berlin called ot the reich by all Germans who can handle a weapon Marshal Stalins 5 great armies smashing along an 800mile front from the Baltic to Budapest bore down on Berlin from 135 miles at 2 places and rolled over many German towns and villages in Silesia 28 miles from Broslau Adolf Hitlers 9th city Only a square of northwestern Polish territory above 100 miles wide and 160 miles long remained as a buffer between Stalins massed forces ana the length of the German frontier The German communique infer cntially admitted the soviet cap ture of Tannenberg east Prussian military shrine by announcing that Marshal Konstantin Rokos sovskys second White Russian army was piling by pressure in the Deutsch EylauAllensteiri area in the southwestern part of East Prussia Deutsch Eylau in East Prussia is only 45 miles from the Baltic and 64 miles southeast Danzig Allcnstein to the northeast is 30 miles inside of East Prussia and the fighting in that area rep resented the deepest penetration of the province from that direc tion It was evident that the Russian offensive was rolling on un checked for the deepest penetra tion announced by Moscow was Enveloping Tannenberg shrine of German militarism another FIVE RUSSIAN ARMIES indicate areas where five Russian armies are advancing in a his toric drive through Poland into East Prussia and Germany A pincers movement in East Prussia was reported to have taken Tannenburg while the reds penetrated Silesia three places to a depth of 19 miles
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