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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 16, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOLU i mad Catted fnm FoU Lcmd Onto COPT MASON Cmr IOWA TUESDAY JAMPAKY It HOME EDITION ITTTTTl TAKE SCHLOSSBERG IN EAST PRUSSIA British Strike at Maas River Capture Houffalize GERMANS CRACK ON SALM RIVER Yank Armies Pound Nearer to St Vith Paris Eisenhower resumed his winter offensive Tuesday when troops of the Brit ish 2nd army attacked near the Maas Meuse river northof Sit tard evenas Americans cap tured Houffalize and Belgian bulge to a thin shadow of itself The British2nd army struck above Aachen in theDutch ap pendi exactly a month after Field Marshal von Rundstedt had attacked in Belgium disrupting Eisenhowers pressure attack aimed at the Ruhr and Saar ar senals British infantry and tanks struck after a rolling artillery barrage in the mists of dawn and a forward officer said the great attack started well Initial pro gress was made against moderate opposition HAF planes flying support found the battle area so hazy they were unable to spot the foe or even see the battle The British attack was centered between Maestricht and Mae seyck 18 miles northwest of Aachen and 40miles west of the great Rhmeland arsenal of Dus seldorf It was the first allied seizure of the initiative since the German breakthrough in the Bel gianArdennes area Dec 16 South of the bulge Lt Gen George S Patterns U S 3rd army also was making of f ensive ges lures before the Siegfried line capturing 6 German villages this weelf invttfe Moselle vaMeybe yond the latest captured in an advance of 2 miles from Tettlingen The 3rd army sained up to miles on a 10 mile front north west and southeast of Bastogne Oubourcy 4 miles northeast of Bastogne was captured The llth armored division a new outfit commanded by brig Gen Charles Kilburn of Silver City N Mex was disclosed as fighting on the 3rd army front The division drove a mile north east of captured other of its units took Compogne 4 miles southwest Houffalize and nearby Velleroux The llth was the 72nd division identified on the western front Of these 46 are American Third army battle reports said the Germans were using second ary roads from Houffalize in ah orderly withdrawal eastward Just west of Houffalize the linkup of the first ana third arm ies indicated that the time was Iowa Dean Named President of Oregon Portland Ore Harry KNewhurn dean of the college of liberal arts of the University of Iowa was chosen new presi dent of the University of Oregon twentyfour hours before a for mal election scheduled for Tues day The Oregon state board of high er education announced the choice after asession of the members Monday Dr will succeed the late Dr Donald Erb who died 13 months ago after being in office 5 years Since Dr Erbs death Dr Orlando John HolHs professorand acting dean of the universitylaw school has been acting president Dr Newburn 39 earned phis bachelors degree at Western Teachers college Macomb 111 in 1928 and took his graduate work at the University of Iowa where he majored in education and psy chology He obtained his masters degree in 1931 and doctor of phil osophy in 1933 Hearing when Lt Gen Omar N Bradley would again bring to gether under his command the the ordinal iztn army group bat tle learn includingthese two arm ies and the V S ninth now guarding the Roer The first army column approach ing Houffalize from the north west was checked by German ve hicles wrecked by artillery As the slender tip of the salient collapsed the Germans to the northeast fought like mad First army forces suffered heavy cas ualties Monday in trying toJ get settlement of igny six miles northeast ofHoirf Jalizea battle went into its fisurth Jay at Thmmont four miles southeast of Malmedy The 75th infantry division com manded by Maj Gen Fay B Pritchett teamed wito the 30th and veteran first infantry divis ions in a power assault with St Vith The Germans were hurled from had defended Ligrieuville and back tcFaymonville two miles to the east Altogether tile first army took seven places Monday but in some instances only mopping up was involved Probably the largest was the road junction of Salmchateu and its adjacent village Bech nine miles west of St Vith Steinback Beaumont and Font to the north west of St Vith were taken Ach ouffe and Mont immediately northwest of Houffalize also fell The first army took 1398 pris oners in the 24 hours ended at midnight BLASTING A BURMA BRIDGEThese photos display ff S10th air force bombardiers as they attacked the Hsipaw Road bridge located between Manda Jay and Lashio in Burma At top bombs plummet toward the target and seconds later bottom the steel suspension bridge is smashed in 2 and the right abutment wrecked u fa air forces photos CLAIM PLANS Allies Want Surrender Churchill FOR BIG THREE MEETING MADE French Hopeful for Invitation to Conference in Middle East Soon London informed sources said Tuesday that Presi dent Roosevelt Prime Minister Churchill and Premier Stalin probably will meet in the middle east within the nextrtwo weeks Both time and place for the conference have been fixed def initely it was learned and an ad vance party of high British of ficials was preparing to depart on short notice Churchill probably will remain in London until the last moment however then make a quick air journey to the scene Harry Hopkins confidential ad viser to fllr Eoosevelt was ex pected to arrive In London within I he next few days to confer with Churchill and British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden on out standing AngloAmerican prob lems and the agenda for the big three meetings Stephen Early the presidents press secretary also may visit London to participate in the pre liminary discussions but it was emphasized that his main work will be the improvement of press relations at supreme headquarters in Pans of the middle easfras niost likely veltChurchillStalin meeting sug gested that the three leaders might convene again at the Iranian cap ital of Teheran where they first conferred late in 1943 or perhaps Cairo The official soviet news agency Tass denied published reports that Russia at the request of France had asked that Gen Charles de Gaulle be invited to participate in the meeting A Paris dispatch said however French hopes were rising that De Gaulle would be invited to the next bigthree session as result of reports Mr Roosevelt may visit Paris in February and the meeting may be held there The French press at the Quai DOrsays suggestion now refers to the big four rather than the big three accepting the inclus ion of De Gaulle as a foregone con clusion Nonofficial French sources echoed Tass denial that France formally had requested inclusion at the conference The text of the Tass statement as broadcast by radio Moscow The Associated Press diffuses a report according to which the soviet union at the request of France has asked the United Slates and Great Britain that De Gaulle should participate in the forthcoming meeting of Stalin Roosevelt and Churchill The agency also states that during De Gaulles visit to Moscow Stalin promised to demand the in clusion of De Gaulle in the future conference of the leaders of the1 three states De Gaulle was stated to have Pledged support to the soviet union in the question of eastern Europe while tne soviet union on their part agreed to support Frances claims for banding over to her the Rhineland Tass is authorized to state that this report of the AP in no way corresponds to reality London UR Prime Minister Churchill told commons Tuesday that the allies will fight on until Germany surrenders uncondition ally even if such a policy stiffens nazi resistance and prolongs the war Churchill reaffirmed the allies insistence on unconditional sur render in answer to persistent questions from labor members at the reopening of parliament after the Christmas recess His reply came less than 24 hours after Sen Burton K Wheel er D Mont charged in the U S senate that unconditional surren der was a brutal asinine slogan which was costing thousands of American lives splitting allied unity and threatening a 3rd world war Churchill also President Roose velts views that the objectives of the Atlantic charter were as valid as they were in 1941 though all were not likely to be attained im mediately and the charter is not law the house that Bri tain would continue to recognize the Polish exile government in London as the legal government of Poland despite Russias recogni tion of the rival provisional re gime at Lublin that British cas ualties in Greece from Dec 3 to Jan 6 totalled 2101 including 237 dead but put off all questions on Greece until afterhe has made his statement and debate begins on theJ3reeIfjBituabon Thursday ChorchfUs At lantic Charier clearly showed that he had joined common cause with President Roosevelt in public ex pressions on the matter as an im portant step in avoiding Anglo American dickering and in pre senting a more united front at the coming meeting of the allied big He also sought to allay criticism of British policy in Greece with a brief comment that he had every reason to believe that the present government is extremely demo cratic composed entirely of re publicans Plan Draft of Farmers by Washington IF Maj Gen Lewis B Hershey selective serv ice director said Tuesday half of all agricultural workers under 26 probably will be inducted by July 1 Under questioning for more than 2 hours before nearly 200 house members Hershey declined to promise he would issue another directive or classification of his January order directing local draft boards to reexamine all farm de ferred youths from 18 to 25 There are about 360000 in this category v Chairman Lemke CRN and others of an informal com mittee told Hershey that many lo cal draft boards understood his directive to mean they should dis regard the Ty dings amendment permitting deferment of essen tial farm workers If anybody is telling draft boards to disregard the Tydines amendment he isnt talking for the director of selective service Hershey replied sharply JACK OF ALL TRADES Rushvillc Mo E B Lott is superintendent of Rushville schools but During a teachers illness he had to double in the classroom Last week the schools janitor bus driver quit and he had to take over going to work at 4 a m After school hes coach of the basketball team and after Friday nights game he had to stay and sweep the gym Saturdays Hes a butcher in a St Joseph meat market TRAIN KILLS IOWAN Lineville ff Hugh Utton farmer was killed Monday when struck by a Rock Island passen ger train as he was riding a horse across the tracks at the depot here The horse and 2 he was leading were killed Buy yonr War Bonds and Stampsfrom your GlobeGazette carrier boy BOMBERS HIT KRUPP FACTORY Pound Oil Plant Kailyards at Dresden London than 600 U S heavy bombers swept into east ern Germany and hammered a Krupp tank factory at Magdeburg an oil plant 70 miles south of Ber lin and railyards at Dresden and Dessau with 2000 tons of bombs Tuesday First reports said they met no fighter opposition The weather was bad All 4 targets were within half an hours flying time of Ber lin Some 650 8th air force fighters flew escort The Krupps works at Magde burg produces Mark IV tanks Some of the 4engined bombers made round trips of more than 1000 miles Carrier Planes Bomb China for Second Day TOKYO CLAIMS 14 Persons LITTLE DAMAGE Halseys Force Hits Hong Kong Swatow Pearl Harbor Carrier planes of the 3rd fleet turning lvurtn street on mucwo uigarets which north after wrecking 69 ships off tne cdee the loop killing at since last fall have beenone of French IndoChina lashed the iJ persons and injuring 5 the nations wartime hardtoget Others pnmmrirlif itic i i China coast from Honk Kong to Swatow with bombs and bullets Tuesday A Pearl Harbor comunique re ported without elaboration that Admiral William F Halseys air striking forces had opened the at tack Sunday along a 3SOmile stretch of the coast from Hong Kong north through Swatow to Anoy Following through Monday Tokyo said about 70 carrier Planes bombed and machine gunned Hong Kong Canton and Swatow the latter midway be tween Hong Kong and Amoy Five Planes were shot down and 3 damaged Tokyo said The damage to our side was negligible the broadcasts added Formosa Japanese island bas tion athwart the sea aproaches to the China coast also apparently was hit both days Pearl Harbor confirmed Sundays attack and a Tokyo broadcast Monday said 200 carrier planes raided the island next day The 3rd fleet moved nearly 800 miles north for its latest attacks on the China coast alter scoring its largest oneday toll of the war off French IndoChina the sinking of 41 ships totaling 127000 tons and damaging of 28 others totaling 70000 tons Two light cruisers and 10 de stroyer escorts were among the ships sunk or beached Two con voys one of 11 ships and another of 19 were wiped out completely and 3rd decimated A total of 112 enemy planes was destroyed and 50 damaged Sixteen Americanyiplanes were lost but surface forces apparently escaped undamaged It was one of the most onesided Pacific war victories of Fighters paved he way for the destructive sweeps along a 400 mile stretch of the coast by blanketing 19 airfields and four seaplane bases north and south of Camranh bay at dawn Fifteen enemy planes were shot down 77 destroyed on the ground 20 destroyed on the water and about 50 damaged on the ground The blow paralyzed the Japanese air force and not an enemy plane oppose the subsequent One convoy of an oiler four medium cargo vessels two de stroyer escorts and four coastal cargo vessels was sunk in its en tirety All vessels in a second con rose to raids sisting of a light cruiser believed the 5800 ton Kashii of the Katori class four destroyer escorts four oilers seven medium and small cargo ships and coastal ship either were sunk or damaged forced to beach BRITISH WAR CASUALTIES war in September 1939 to ast Nov 30 totaled 1043554 Prime Chicago Hotel Fire Chicago fast moving spectacular fire early Tuesday attacked the 7 story General dart hotel m North Clark street others Six hours after conflagra tion was discovered firemen con tinned to search the ruins for bodies of additional persons pos sibly trapped in the 40 year old stone and frame constructed build ing Fire Commissioner Michael J Corrigan said 13 bodies were found in the wrecked hostelry while one woman was fatally injured when she missed a firemans net in a jump from a 3rd floor window Only one of the 14 victims all of whom were removed to the Cook county morgue was identified He was Joseph Feilen about 61 Scores of persons in the hotel which contained 75 rooms were rescued or fled to the streets on re escapes Several leaped to firemens nets while others were carried down ladders by firemen Flames and billowing smoke at tracted thousands in the loop to the fire and 33 pieces of equip ment responded to extra alarm calls sounded The fire was dis covered about midnight and was not brought under control until after 3 a m Its origin was not determined immediately but an investigation was underway Hundreds of spectators saw sev eral of the trapped occupants leap to safety into firemens nets from upper rooms of the blazing building At least a dozen were carried down ladders by firemen Flames and smoke billowing above the north side of the loop were visible for miles As Fire Commissioner Michael J Corrigan and A J Mullaney assistant fire marshal led firemen through the still burning hotel in search of other victims who might have been trapped the walls of the structure threatened to col lapse Bodies of the victims were re moved to the Cook county morgue and hotel employes were called to help in identifying them At least 2 of thedead were cluding the woman who was fatal ly injured in leaping from a 3rd story window Many of the bodies were badly charred There were 60 permanent guests mostly men at the hotel Two servicemen passing the hotel when the fire broke out hauled down the lower leaf ofa fire escape and helped 7 persons on upper floors to descend They structor Stephan Droter of Toledo ASKS INCORPORATION Des Moines of in two corporation for the Iowa Wood Preserving company a Delaware corporation with a postal address at Tama Iowa were filed Mon day with the secretary of state The firm capitalized at 5500000 TJ r rn f al London fet British empire listed its business as the chemical casua ties from the start of the treatment of forestry products viuuuiis Buy your War Bonds and YEAR AGO iuui D n n a s ana Churchill told commons Stamps from your GlobcGazcttc carrier boy SMOKERS TO GET 15 CIGARETS Industry to Attempt tioh Pla Chicago which RUSSIANS HIT POINTS ALONG 600 MILE LINE Threaten Main Rear Communication Line Advance on Krakow BULLETIN London Marshal Stalin announced Tuesday the red army tiad opened an offensive from 2 Vistula river bridgeheads south it Warsaw A special order of the day broadcast by Moscow radio said the assault was led by Marshal Gregory K Zhukov The Germans high command announced this powerful Russian drive Monday London German high command announced the fall of Sehlossberg 13 miles inside East Prussia as Russian armies tore gaping holes Tuesday in nazi de fenses along 600 miles of front and seriously threatened one of the main rear communication lines of Warsaw Nazi broadcasts said major penetrations had been made by the Soviets in the VistulaBug triangle north of Warsaw and from the Narew bridgeheads south of East Prussia and de clared Premier Marshal Stalins winter offensive was intended to be the deciding battle of the war Marshal Ivan Konevs big first Ukrainian army pounding west ward toward Krakow in southern Poland fought its way into the outer salients of defense of the nazts KrakowWarsaw railway line reputed to be one of the strongest German fortified zones in southeastern Europe This railway connecting the Polish capital with Silesias coal mining and munitions industries js one of Warsaws chief of supply Konevs steamroller already was in possession of Kielce on the WarsawKrakow only about 49 miles u border of German Silesia Shoving westwardwithout support of aviation because of fogs sleet and snowKonev ap peared to be heading straight lor the WarsawSilesian line on a sector 20 miles wide The Berlin radio declared the Russians had sprung a new of fensive HI he Jaslo area of southern Poland about 85 miles southeast of Kielce and 70 east of Krakow This apparently was intended to guard the left flank the where The rationing will not be line and from the commodities will be available al the rate of about 15 daily to civil ians under a voluntary rationing system planned by the National Association of Tobacco Distrib utors The association estimated tho average daily civilian con sumption last year was slightly more than 11 cigarels The association with a member ship of 2800 which controls dis tribution of cigarels la thecom panys 1250000 retail outlets said Monday night that a card sys tem of issuing smokes will be in augurated within 2 weeks The plan described as designed to achieve orderly allotment would mark the first lime an industry attempted to ration in wartime a scarce commodity The associations action followed a stand taken by the office of price administration that it would not attempt to ration cigarets be cause of the uncertainty of de termining the number of smokers The NATO system did not meet with any immediate objection by the OPA Under the system numbered va tion cards will be issued by re tuu mwns Mondav tailers to consumers who will be greatest 1 day victory simp required to sign a declaration that ing otf of the T they have not obtained cards else Friday Vistula last first d7Ve intc the Warsaw w line was meeting the mass of German referves n reerves now however and progress may fere YfhWre Russians inter fere with traffic over the trunk railway southwest of P wOUW Strike one of na2i hc of big n P cpe mg the Polish capital Mh nquc said Marshal Ivan S KoneVs hard hitting 1st Ukraine army overran The Russian effort nut ue nit nussian effort 30011 attempted at outlets for transient still was growing Berlin railroad and bus nounced that red armies we rat chain stores About the move in 10 kev wrinrJ 13 per cent of the available cig the Baltic to Yugoslavia arets are sold at these places the Moscows long silent victorv association estimated guns sounded off in volume rain There is no immediate prospect for the capture of Kielce an fo rany improvement nounced by Premier Stalin in an n supplies this year the associa ftder of the day Kielce a 6 way II fl e oca r o e day Kielce a B Hon said stating that in 1914 33 road junction lies 93 miles south million packs of ax paid cigarels west of Warsaw and 80 were produced daily for domestic of the German frontier consumption Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Konevs forces also seized Jedr zejow and Wodzislaw junction Weather Report FORECAST City Occasional Tuesday night and Wednesday Warmer Tuesday night Lowest about 20 Becoming colder again Wednesday night Iowa Snow Tuesday and Wednes day with rising temperatures Fresh winds and warmer Tues day night and east Wednesday becoming colder northwest Wednesday afternoon fresh to strong winds with blowing and drifting snow IN MASON CITY weather statis GobeGazetle tics Maximum Monday Minimum Monday At 8 a m Tuesday Maximum Minimum i 7t w junction points on the way to Krakow and Zlotniki 17 miles southwest of Kielce Then plunging across a r V highway west of Jedrzcjow they captured the village of Trzchoniec in a 16 i mile advance n n the southern flank the fall snow of Palecznlca placed the Russians only 21 miles northeast of Kra m the enemys Polish defense line and guardian of the route to Silesia Capture of Glogowiany 28 miles north of Krakow brought the Konev forces within 50 miles of the fron tier Berlin proclaimed the opening of new Russian offensives both north and south of Warsaw En em y broadcasts announced deep penetrations of German lines at Warka and Pulawy 30 and 65 miles southeast of War saw In the BugVistula triangle immediately north of the ravaged Polish capital and along the Narcw river 30 miles to Ihe north The soviet command maintained silence concerning any moves in these areas as well as in East Prussia where Berlin has been re porling activity since Saturday Monday night the German radio said red army troops had broken 23 Minus 6 29 40 IS
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