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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 15, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT VOLU Prtn and United Fun Leased MAKES AU NORTH 10WANS NEIGHIOftS iv HOME EDITION iirmri a Capy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY JANVAKY 15 IMS fmpa of Two SecUaaSertioo On KO 84 BEDS DRIVE TOWARD NAZI FRONTIER One Mans Opinion A Kadla Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO Mason p m WOI Amci Wednesday p m KSCJI aim City WctnndMT p m WSDL low City TfdnejUy p m WTAD jolney 111 TfcimtUy p ra Dont Expect Too Much From Wars of the past 2 months on the worlds diplomatic front should serve to remind us that a war and by itself never settles anything History contains innumerable proofs of this funda mental fact and now even before we are dead sure about the mili fary fates of this greatest of ail wars in which we are now en gaged we are being given a new version of that old old story i In liberated Greece we have seen Greeks kilbng Greeks and British instead of directing their fire at the nazis who nearly four years ravaged their country Theyre more interested in taking over control of the new govern ment than they are in bringing the world war to a successful conclusion In Poland we have seen a divi sion in the ranks of the allies on the question of which local gov ernment shall be recognized Rus sia insists on having a sizable chunk of Polish territory which historically she claims as her own Shes also insisting on a friendly government in Poland Britain and If S takethe posi tion that any such decision as this should be deferred In Italy in France and Bel gium theres a similar jockeying for position in the postwar gov ernment Theres a seeming dis regard of the fact that the naii has not yet been defeated Moreover v likeli hood that the act ultimately will be repeated in the Asiatic theater of war So what WELL its high time that all of uswho have entertained the quaint notion that with victory in the war the worlds problems automatically would be solved should quit dreaming That just isnt the nature of war It never was as a reading of our history books will assure us The most war ever does is to provide a nation with the oppor tunity to solve its problems Sometimes those at the helm make use of that opportunity More often they do not Thats why wars have recurred down through the centuries Thats why the world is locked in war today World war I had a double bill ing It was labeled as a war to end wars and as a war to make the world safe for democracy Those highsounding ideals actu ated allied fighting men as they slogged through to victory in that conflict Even the vanquished en emy was filled nyith hope Of course neither of those 2 goals was achieved Wars werent banished and the world wasnt made safe for democracy As a result World war I has been set down as a miserable failure I submit is a slander and a libel against all who fought and died in that great con flict of 3 decades ago The plain truth is that World war 1 did all that any war has ever done all that any war can do It brought the enemy to his knees It laid the foundation for a lastingpeace The war that had been bravely won on the battle fields was lost at the peace table and in the parliaments of the world including our own senate In heavens name lets npt lay at the door of our fighting men the sins and misdeeds committed by those charged with winning the peace as they our fighting men had won the war TTE made the rather sweeping statement that a war of and by itself never settles anything Some may question that Some no doubt would cite the American revolu tion as disproof of my claim All right lets look at that war By winning that conflict the American colonies were able to break away from their mother country Without that war there might never have been a United States of America Thats true Bat and this Is important there wouldnt been any United States of America if there hadnt been a constitutional con vention For a half dozen years or so it looked very much as if the 13 colonies which bad won their Independence would be come 13 Balkan states transplant ed in America The fate of our country hung by the flimsiest thread Ail of those arguments being used to day by isolationists against rificing sovereignty were trot Cootinaea OB Pace 2 MacArthurs Troops Expand Beachhead 30 Miles on Lingayen Gulf General MacArthurs Headquarters Luzon U S 6th army troops crossed the formidable but virtually undefended Agno river 88 miles from Manila and overran scattered Japanese to expand their Lmgayen gulf beachhead 30 to a total of 45 Gen Douglas MacArthur reported Monday The infantrymen in their 5th day of the invasion hurdled the Agno where the enemy had F expected to make a stand Bayambang 22 miles from the gulf They continued south at a pace limited only by the ability Ask Higher the TTT Wages Instead of Legislation of supply columns to keep up with them Mangatarem was captured by Iunaay w substitute the westernmost spearhead in an higher industrial wages for pend 8 mile advance brushing through lng worfcorfight legislation 2 enemy skirmishing parties of Spokesmen for the American 150 men each The eastern flank Federation of Labor and the so hsd mnfa Cialist narfv tnlri Virtiteo iao men eacn The eastern flank 01 ana tne so had more difficult going but ap cialist party told the house mill proached Catablan 20 road miles tary committee that breaking the inland in a 5 mile gain little step On this front the Yanks ran best meal into small arms and artillery fire Problems little steel formula provides the best means of solving manpower from an enemy position of fox holes and dugouts Eightytwo Japanese and were killed a few Americans Extension of the beachhead took in the important rail and high way junction of Damortis on the north and approached Alaminos on the southern side of the cres cent shaped arc representing gains of 10 and 20 miles respec tively from an original beach head measuring 15 miles Capture of Damortis where the Americans found little more than sniper fire seals off Japanese Iroops on the northwest coast from the only highway leading into the Benguet mountains Some Japa nese military leaders are believed to be in these mountains at Ba guio summer capital of the Philip pines The sweep westward to Alami nos included seizure of Port Saul after a short sharp fight Associ ated Press War Correspondent Fred Hampson reported the Yanks captured a quantity of equipment firstv instance of ferial abandon the Luzon Japanese Hampson said the Japanese ap parently did not plan to of fer a de fense along the Agno the strong est natural barrier since the land ing He said the unit he accompa nied met 100 Japanese not far from the Agno but thy were lightly armed and put up little fight Hampson reported the main problem still was loading equipment through heavy surf and getting the stuff forward across rivers whose bridges had been blown up He said the Japa nese themselves had destroyed ful ly 2thirds of the larger bridges leading southward from Lingayen gulf forcing the Yank invaders to use slow ferry services to trans port vital equipment over slug gish wide rivers In 5 days 26 locomotives 300 freight cars more than 400 motor vehicles and 11 tanks and armored cars were destroyed by American warplanes Numerous enemy air craft were knocked out in raids on airdromes Opposing legislative action 1o force 4Fs into war plants or uni forms Lewis GHines AFL legis lative representative said current manpower shortages result from the low level at which wages have been frozen by the war labor board in certain plants Hines contended that upward adjustment of wages in plants whereit is necessary to speed war production would have no sig nificant inflationary effect Clearly this is a matter for government to decide he said Does it want war production Or does it think keeping wages frozen at low levels in certain plants is more important Speaking for the socialist party Albert Hamilton 31 of Vienna Va expressed absolute opposi tion to pending draft proposals Hamilton said his statement had been approved Thomas head of YANKS BOMB NAZI RAILROADS London Iff Almost 1300 American bombers and fighters from Britain pounded 4 railroad yards in southern Germany with out interference from German Sun Oi ana ro day s lafgeEcale battles m which testimony Monday and Tuesday PnCmV airnmrf Mlnln 243 enemy stroyed aircraft were de Washington was railed upon Monday to substitute party by the Norman socialist If it is desirable for the gov ernment tp underwrite the private enferprjseV profit per centages to get businessmen interested in war production then there should be no compunction about paying decent wages to workers Ham ilton asserted Why not break the little steel formula now and solve some of the most pressing man power problems Hamilton said a draft of civilian workers for private profit is completely undemocratic and will not help but at this point will hin der production This is really bureaucracy with a vengeance he added This is really the army mind applied to a problem capable of a democratic solution Opposition to work or fight legislation also came Monday from Chairman Mead D N Y of the senate war investigating commit tee who ordered a reassessment ot manpower needs by his group Mead told a reporter the com mittee would call before it this week representatives of the war manpower commission war pro duction board and the war de partment to learn whether the jobfilling goals previously fixed had been reached by voluntary methods or whether any legisla tion actually is needed These witnesses also will be asked the chairman said whether allied lasses in material and equip ment in the Germans Belgian of fensive were such as to force an upward revision in manpower needs The house gvoup called repre sentatives oi the American Fed eration of Labor and the CIO for The daylight blow by 600 Fort resses and Liberators escorted by 675 Mustangs and Thunderbolts was aimed at Freiburg Augsburg Ingolstadt and Reutlingen all im portant links on the rail routes which the Germans use to shift troops Shortly after the American at tacks British 4engined Lancas ters drove home 2 more assaults in the newly launched aerial of fensive on German fuel sources with a daylight attack on 2 benzol plants at Bochum and Reckling hausen in the Ruhr The American operation appar ently was an emergency shift from the offensive on oil centers 10 of which now have been bat terea over the weekend by 3 000 or more bombers More than 6000 planes includ ing tactical units based on the continent unleashed a mighty co ordinated attack beginning Satur day night Eighth air force Mus tangs and Thunderbolts fought a record battle Sunday against the German air up in force for the first time since New Years day An official announcement said American long range bombers were over Germany again at noon Monday after RAF heavies in very great strength heaped tons of explosives on the Leuna syn thetic oil plant at Mersebcrg and on a fuel depot at Dulmen Sun day That is national service in an other form Mead said of the pending bill It will take a long time to get it enacted and more time to set up the machinery to operate it I think that if any legislation is needed ne problem might be bandied more expeditions by giving the WTB statutory author ity to enforce ceilings on the number of employes in civilian Production Industries and giving he WMC authority to stop labor hoarding in war plants Mead said the committees field agents had been checking for some time in reputed manpower short age areas and would have their reports ready next week In the meantime he said he had suggested to the war department that plants which are being closed because the need for items they manufacture has slackened be converted to other production and their labor forces held intact MARCH OF DIMES New York 1945 march of dimes campaign to provide for an extension of the battle against infantile paralysis is officially un derway Basil OConnor president of the national foundation for infantile paralysis opening the campaign Sunday said in a radio address over CBS that last years epidemic worst in the nations his 19000 victims v k 3 v i 1 S 3 INVASION FORCE IN LINGAYEN GULF LST loaded with troops and supplies heads for the beach about the time first waves of assault troops were landing on the shoves of Luzonin the Philippine invasion Floats for portable docks can be seen on the side of landing ship other ships are discernable through Americanmade smoke screen Yanks Within Mile and CLAIM u a Half of Houffalize WEATHER SLOWS ALLIES ARMIES First Army Moves Paris Americaniiit army drove within 1 miles Mori day of the communications center Hauffalize pivot of a new im provised German defense line in the flattening Belgian bulge Heavy fog a blinding snowstorm and a sharp drop in the freezing temperatures slowed the pace of 3 solidly linked allied armies else where and again grounded tacti cal air forces Jate in the day Clear weather during the morning had permitted some planes to attack the Germans on the southern part of the salient The famous hell on wheels 2nd armored division drove closest to Houffalize striking from the north Third army troops were a bare 3 miles south of the town and British and Americans were last reported a little more than 3 miles away from the west Other 1st army troops moved within 6tt miles of St Vith north ern anchor of the new German arc line spread from Wiltz north west to Houffalize and thence northeast to St Vith The American 1st and 3rd ar mies linked up south of Laroche forming with the British 2nd army a solid allied front acceler ating the German retreat North of St Vith the enemy mounted a series of counterat tacks against the U S 1st army around captured Thirimont touching off a violent tank and In fantry battle Despite snow and ice the Americans made general tains of 1000 yards on the north east flank of the bulge between Stavelot and Malmedy The 1st army captured 15 places a illtu L11U shoulder of the salient and strik ing final blows to liquidate the 3rd army southeast of Laroche center of the bulge at its most ex bulge the first army captured Lig FK staSeaPPeard doomed as neuville eife miles northwest of the allies battered within 3 to 314 St Vith and 4 south of Malmedy milpc nf Tno miles of the town on 3 sides Beaumont was reached and Cou jaeauiuuiii ivas reacnea ana LOU ihe Germans tightened their lee 6 miles northwest of St Vith defenses overnight in an effort to was defenses driving was taken Near Germanheld Bovigny 10 iiles northeast of Houffalize the Americans captured B a c 1 a i n MontLeBan and Halconreux all ntii 2 in anarc arourid the larger town Vith Highway Tetungen 3 miles inside the manys Saarland opposite Lux bulge was cut Sunday embourg overrun Monday Supreme headquarters said the Nedrin 5 miles southeast of La enemy was pouring reinforceroche fell after scant resistance inents into the middle Saar and A cluster of nearby places were upper Alsace plain battlefields taken including Petit Monnont where their earlier offensive Grand Morraont Filly and Olio thrusts had been brought to a mont Also captured were Wibrln standstill Hundreds of American war planes scourged the lines of re treat Sunday in the best flying weather in days riddling some nazi convoys lined up bumper to bumper II the favoraole weather con tinues allied air power may be able to wreck great quantities of Marshal von Rundstedts armor and transport before they reach the German border M e a n w h il ein northeastern France the Germans uncorked new attacks against U S 7th army lines 8 miles inside Alsace north of Strasbourg Despite the use of tanks and flamethrowers the enemy blows made little or no headway late front advices said German rearguards in the Bel gian salient were being hurled against U S first army troops battling 7 miles north of St Vith through which von Rundstedts convoys were hurrying toward the reich border 4 miles to the cast Nearly 4000 allied planes took part in the aerial warfare Sunday hitting Germanys oil and com munication resources as well as plastering the nazis in the Bel gian bulge According to available 4 miles northwest of Houffalize and nearby Wilogne On the south side of the bulge Lt Gen George S Pattons 3rd army was held to less spectacular advances His 6th armored division thrust a mileahead to Michamps 4 miles northeast of Bastogne In fantry edged a quarter mile into woods 3 miles northwest of the Luxembourg town of Wiltz Reports to supreme headquar ters said the Germans now were finding their command posts overrun by the concentric allied advances At one unspecified place a German regimental head quarters was overrun by an ad vance so swift that the whole per sonnel the post was captured except the commanding colonel himself The 1st army captured 15 places figures they knocked down 232 overnight biting deeper into the nazi fighter planes at a cost of 45 snnnlnpr nf J allied planes The first army took Dines on t me me nrst army took Dinex on western tip of the bulge where the Lieee highway 3 miles nortn contact wasestablished with the of Houffalize Between Malmedy and StaveJot ocuvEcii raauueuy ana oiavejot HoUfahze almost in the dead along the northeast side of the T i W 5s ALLIES CONTINUE GAINS drove south to the Thirimont area on the road to the Ger man bulge supply center of St Vith cut the St Vith Houffalize road west of Cherain and reached Rpumont Gives and Foy in advances in the Bastogne sector T FORMOSA RAID By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Japanese army headquarters at Formosa announced that some 200 carrierborne U S planes struck Monday at air fields and communications of Formosa The report lacked immediate U S con firmation The announcement transmittec by the Japanese Domei news agency was monitored by the fed eral communications commission According to Japanese reports the raid began at Monday mprriing vand lasted almost Japs Hint Possible Resignation of Koiso By United Press The Japanese radio hinted Mon day that the successful American campaign in the Philippines may force the resignation of Premier Gen Kuniaki Koiso Tokyo broadcasts referring to the Koiso regimewere taking the tone of those which preceded the deposal of his predecessor Pre mier Gen Hideki Tojo following the American conquest of the Marianas last summer A Japanese Domei dispatch re corded by the FCC said factions in the nations ruling circles were clamoring for a bold and unpre cedented political renovation anS a 2nd political reformation Continuing political conferences and a scheduled meeting of the j Koiso cabinet Monday suggested that the crisis might come to a head before the imperial diet parliament reconvenes next Sunday bur air fields andfacilitieisjifhe Japanese army announcement ad mitted Five U S planes were shot down saidthe army report The American planes hit targets which were worked over by Chinabased Superfortresses Sun day and at least 30 Japanese ci vilians were killed in the raid the broadcast said If the Japanese report is true these 200 planes may be a part ol Vice Admiral John S Me Cains carrier force which has been ram paging deep in what was former ly a Japanesecontrolled sea ex cept for allied submarine forays Friday when last reported a group of McCains planes struck a harbors shipping seaplane bases and airfields along the French IndoChina coast Spillville Man Hurt When Kicked by Horse Spillville Frana me acciden and cut internally and externally HIT DEEP INTO GERMANPOLISH DEFENSE LINE Berlin Reports Attacks West of Vistula River and in East Prussia Moscow armored orces surged through southern PolandMonday to within 64 miles of the heavily fortified German Silesian frontier amid mounting indications that tlie new soviet winter offensive may soon spread over the entire eastern front from the Baltic to Yugoslavia Marshal Ivan S Konevs new thrust which in 3 days has car ried across the Nida river on a 37mile front and drove a deep into the Warsaw Krakow defense line appears to be part of a great red army general of fensive to clear Poland liberate Warsaw andcarry the battle to the industrial areas of south eastern Germany Beilin reported late Sunday night that other powerful soviet forces had begun attacks west of the Vistula at Magnuszew and Pulaxvy 33 and 65 miles south east oC Warsaw and along the Narew river north of the Polish capital Earlier German broad casts told of new Russian attacks in East Prussia Fighting in subzero tempera tures Konevs troops made gains Sunday up to 15 miles and cap tured 200 more localities for a 3 day total of 555 In the northern sector of his salient across the Vistula how ever his troops met sharply stiffening nazi resistance just sooth of Kielce Other red army elements seeking to push their wayup theVistula toward War saw ran into the same hard de ftnsivefighUnif riumber of reserv2s which thenazi high command has already thrown into the mounting battle was beginning to brace the sagging German eastern front There was little doubt that the red army must soon meet up with the toughest kind of opposition since the Germans apparently base their hopes for a defense of the southern corner of the reich on the Warsaw Krakow line Military observers In Moscow pointed out that Marshal Kon stantm Rofcossovskys first White Russian army was massed before Warsaw on the eastern bank of the Vistula ready to give the Ger mans another big defensive prob lem Further north the 3rd White Russian army is poised in East Prussia augmented by other so viet troops released from the Bal tic campaign A midnight soviet bulletin said hat 2000 Germans were slain as the red army took Pjncznw im portant road hub and German stronghold between Krakow and Kielce while other hundreds were slain north of Chmielnik in the drive lo the Nida river The WarsawKrakow railway ji n Jne railway driving 2 stray horses out his and highway were cut in the yard One kicked him in his face MiasowaBrzegi area 93 miles throwing him to the ground un southwest of Warsaw The Bus conscious His upper teeth were sian communique disclosed that loosened and his lower jaw bruised other soviet troops had seized the inrT T till railway station ot the important Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy Monday night and Tuesday Lowest Mon day night about 10 above Rising temperature Tuesday Iowa Cloudy Monday with light snow in cast portion Partly cloudy Monday night and Tues day Little change in tempera ture Warmer Tuesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statistics Majymum Sunday 27 Minimum Sunday 21 At 8 a m Monday 21 Snow Trace Precipitation 01 YEAR AGO Maximum 4g Minimum 13 GUN POSITION IN BELGIUMCpl Eugene C Heffner left of York Pa and Pvt Laynon W Breazeale of Laure Mss operate controls on a 155 mm howitzer set up between 2 trees in the snow in Belgium on the 3rd army front where the B battery of the field artillery is sun porting the 4th infantry division
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