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Mason City Globe Gazette: Thursday, January 11, 1945 - Page 1

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   Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 11, 1945, Mason City, Iowa                             NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL LI THE NEWSPAPER THAT Fran led United Full Leutd Wira MASON crnr IOWA THURSDAY JANUARY 111915 BRITISH GAIN 10 MILES Papu CouliU 01 Two SeeUomSccUoa MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Americans Thrust 18 Miles Inland on Luzon BULGE THINK JAPS NOT TO MAKE STAND ON AGNO RIVER Airdrome and Perhaps 30 Towns and Villages Captured by Yanks General MacArthurV Head quarters Luzon army vanguards drove 18 to 20 miles in land from the Lingayen gulf Thursday overrunning perhaps 30 cjties towns and villages andat least 1 airdrome In a powerful drive across the plains of central Luzon to within 90 to 95 miles of Manila Reliable reports at Gen Doug las Mac Arthurs headquarters said thai at least a tew patrols already had reached the Agno river at a point where it bisects the some 20 miles inland from the 20mile wide in vasion beachhead The Japanese had been ex pected to make their 1st defense stand along the Agno but mili tary sources suggested that the enemy caught off balance would be unable to organize quickly enough to defend the river and instead would attempt to stem the American advance farther south Already behind the Americans werethe cities of Xing ay en with its airport Dagupan Mangaldan and San Fabian as well as a cluster of 25 to 30 lesser towns and hamlets in the invasion area All 4 initial beachheads had been linked andarmy engineers were enlarging the Lingayen airdrome Iprirnrninentuse A Tokyo broadcast of Panaj In the central PhJJJp pines unable to continue north ward because of Japanese air at tacks With the laridlne on Inzon Tokyo said the battle of the Phil ippines has reached the decisive A BBC broadcast reported by the blue network said American troops were less than XOO kilo Manila but this would put them far across the Agno and it appeared that the announcer confused kilo meters and quoted BBC miles Blue also as saying that the Americans were inland an aver age depth of 35 kilometers or 20 miles Though the main advance south across the Luzon plains was meet ing only sporadic small arms re sistance American patrols and spotting planes reported artillery lire in the hillsnorth of San Fa bian and warships were hurling salvoes of shells into the area Other forces expanding the beachhead along the coast to the west reached the mouth of the Agno river 6 miles beyond Lin gayen and came under artillery fire from the foothills of the Zam oales mountains The speed of the advance south was such that one division com mander was forced to order Sound Financial Condition of State After War Urged by Blue at Inaugural Talk By PAT YALE fobert D Blue in his inaugural address y for a careful survey of Iowas tax system and of her niKIn i rf t wi HCi are NAZI TANKS KAYOED BY YANKS IN LUXEMBOURGKayoed German tanks shown bein examine shown being examined by Cpl George F Gearhart of Danville Pa member of a tank tankfaTHdkScSCheld Geadlart out 4 halftracks and 2 vanguards to slow up because they were moving too fast for com munications and supplies to keep pace The Calmay river one to miles inland from the beachheads and only formidable water bar rier north of the Aeno was forced In the early hours ot the invasion along a broad front Despitetie initial Jack of re the v Japanese ieyerishly armor and suppliesfrom southern Luzon under a deadly barrage of bombs sHells and bullets from American carrier and landbased planes Whole columns of vehicles were blasted into flaming wreckage and at least 3 of the enemys main bndges north of Amnila were knocked out American aircraft roamed the skies unchallenged Organized and bitter resistance bad weather or other such factors might make the battlefor Manila a long campaign but a break or 2 might see American troops in the capital within a matter of weeks instead of months as first thought There always was the possibili ty that the Japanese might declare Manila an open city as MacArthur did in December 1941 but it ap peared reinote at the moment Even should the Japanese issue open city declaration the American command might find it necessary to decline to recognize it just as the Japanese ignored the American gesture in 1941 The Japanese were known to have large concentrations of ammuni tion weapons and supplies inMa nila Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your Globe Gazette carrier boy WHERE AMERICANS INVADE LUZON Arrow indi cates American andmgs along the coast of the Lingav aven It was announced il it was ciniiuuncea that 4 beachheads at undisclosed points have been estab lished Stimson Says U S Army Under Effective Strength to Men in Industry fan accelerated rate That call threatens to take some 200000 to 250000 young men out of warplants this spring to help meet demands from the armed forces for 900000 men by July 1 Col Francis V Keesiihf Jr testifying for the selective service system in support of national service legislation told the house military committee Thursday that drafts calls would be jumped to an average 132000 men for each of the 4 months starting March January and February calts are for 112000 men a month Nayy and marines enlistments amonr youths under 18 are ex pected to make up the 900000 grand total The question of the armys need for additional men arose when newsmen asked Simpson if the army is not already overstrength when its announced ceiling of 7 700000 men is considered Replying in the negative Stim Bon asserted that measured in terms of effectiveness the army is understrength not overstrengthed there are approximately 450000 wounded and sick in army hospitals now and that these men are ineffectives for purposes of conducting a war In addition the rotation policy leaves some 85000 men ineffective while they are in the process of moving in and out he added The effective size Vof an army must be kept up to its ceiling Stimson said Adding that It should be ob vious that the tempo of war has increased Slimson said the Ger mans are not going to accept the inevitable end without a fight to the finish He saia too that the war with Japan is running ahead of schedule If the needs of the armies at the fronts are tobe met Stirrison said there seems to be no escape from calling into the armed serv ices this year substantially all physically qualified men below 30 years of age from factory farm and government J3ut when we dp this the places of these young men will have to be taken by older men women and younger men not acceptable for military service It is only too apparent that the assignment of military manpower in industry must be placed on an orderly democratic and above all a sure basis This is no time for piecemeal or makeshift legislation The efficient method forutilizing this nations manpower through a national service act will solve our manpower problems and give our enemies final assurance of their defeat Keesling told the house Commit tee the 750000odd draftees must be obtained from these groups Youths becoming 18 210000 men classified in 1A and being processed for induction 180000 men now holding industrial and farm deferments and not over 38 330000 He said the pool of men from which the 330000 must be drawn consists of 260000 under 26 de ferred for essential farm j work 100000 under 26 deferred lor es sentiality in industry including 60000 now in the merchant rine 800000 between 26 and 30 deferred for essentiality in indus try 3200000 between 30 and 38 deferred in industry and war supporting jobs 263000 between 26 and 30 deferred for essentiality on farms and 700000 between 30 and 38 also with farm deferments It became clear that the army is about to dip into the next age tier 26 through 29 in an industrial cleanout only less drastic than last springs discontinuance of occupa tional deferments for men un der 26 The office of War Mobilization Director Byrnes was reported to be working out a revision of the list essential industries to see which should be classed as crit cal and thus exempt from the new call for young fighting men In another essential industries deferments of under30 workers will be reviewed it was stated The total to be taken was esti matedby one source to be more than 200000 but not as many as 300000 About 800000 men in the 629 group now how defer ments This impendingstrain on the countrys manpower resources will coincide with a towering armament Chairman J A Krug the war production board told the house military committee Wednesday to enable the state be in a sound financial condition f dfter the war Such a survey should be available for the consideration of he next legislature he said in his prepared address Speaking to a joint session of the house and senate Blue con tinued I suggest that before you be in to appropriate money for spe cific purposes you carefully de termine just how much you have lo spend that you carefully total all the askings of money that are made of you then see if there is money enough to go around be fore commencing to spend If there is not enough money 2 courses lie open before you Sou must either make an equitable distribution of the funds you have among the different askings or levy additional taxes Personally I feel that we should cut our pattern to fit our cloth Blue the 29th person to serve as Iowas governor said that the monetary surpluses now on hand together with revenue funds in creased by the war should be suf ficient to meet all of the needs of Iowa government during the amount several times that of our surplus It appears that the problem of public financing for the federal government for our state and for our counties cities and school dis iricts will be one our most per alexing and vexing questions after the war next biennium The governor mended also recom 1 Abolishment of sales and use taxes imposed upon political sub divisions of the state such as ci ties counties and school districts claiming such jimposiUori was bothv economically lifisbundand PLAN AID FOR HARRY BRIDGES Communists Want to Intervene in Case By LYLE C 1VTLSON Washington OJH The Com munist Political association nee communist party wants to inter vene in the Harry R Bridges de portation case to deny the charge that party members seek the vio lent overthrow of the United States government The case of Bridges president of the West Coast Longshoremens andWarehousemens Union andalleged communist has been pending for 5 years and finally has reached the supreme court Bridges took the case there on appeal from a federal circuit court ruling in San Francisco which de nied his appeal for rehearing of a decision that he should be de ported to his native Australia as an undesirable alien Now sub mitted to the supreme court is a 100page brief signed by Earl Browder president and William Foster vice president of the Communist Political association requesting Ihe right to intervene ALLIES OCCUPY SHWEBO BASE Japs Lose Last Large Bastion in Upper Burma Southeast Asia Command Head quarters Kandy Ceylon IP Shwebo the last large Japanese bastion in upper Burma north of Mandalay has been occupied by allied troops and British 14th army units have advanced south of the an allied communique announced Thursday Shwebo is 46 miles north of Mandalay It was entered Sunday by Indian troops and later the Shwebo airfield was overrun Allied troops are investing Eu dalin on the branch railway to YeU 18 miles north of Monywa the communique said Troops of the 15th Indian corps in the Kaladan valley have en tered Ponnagyun a steamer sta tion on the west bank the Kala dan river 14 miles northeast of the thetfec6nsideratHmand action on the school code prepared since the last legislature by a committee appointed to suggest improve ments in statutes affecting schools in Iowa 3 Improvement of the 15 state institutions under the board of control and the 5 colleges and uni versities operated by state board of education Funds are available without the levying of new or additional taxes to make extensive improve ments Blue said Such use of surplus monies should be classed as an investment which yields substantial 4 Continuance ol the Iowa in dustrial and defense council to stimulate and encourage industry in the state Your vision and de termination in meeting this chal lenge may well determine the fu ture of Iowa for the next cen tury the governor said 5 Solution of the problems ol drainage and flood control on a farm by farm creek by creek and county by county basis He declared that the demands of the war were depleting the states soil and that during the flash floods of last May it was estimated S154 000000 worth of top soil was lost forever ivhen washed from slop ing fields 6 Improvement of rural roads i when the primary road debt was paid which he said it was hoped would be by 1850 I recommend that among thefirst roads to be built and improved should be those roads used by our mail car riers and for the transportation of our children to school Blue said 7 Enactment of an occupational disease law and liberalization of the provisions of the workman compensation and unemployment compensation laws This he said would be in keeping with the in creasing importance of industry to the state of Iowa 8 Preservation of the stability and prosperity of agriculture 9 Adaption of a new aviation code to regulate new airport con struction and to provide ade quate and sensible regulation of this expanding field If the state fails to meet this problem it is certain that the federal govern ment will occupy the field and regulate local air traffic he de clared 10 Provisions for storage and distribution of surplus commodi ties after the war The governor said there had been an unwarranted feeling of great wealth in Iowa Iowa is not a wealthy state he said Before the war our per capita income was neither the greatest nor the smallest Iowa fi nancially is a middle class state Iowas share of the nations war esdpense each 24 hours is about We are paying about onethird the cost of the war and going in debt for two thirds of it By the end of January one months share of the war debt for Iowa will be an island port of Akyab Declare Record Made in Shipping Through Great Lakes in 44 Cleveland UPJ Shipping his tory was made on the Great Lakes during 1944 despite an exceed ingly bad manpower shortage and the admitted handicap of in experienced seamen In a record hau over Americas industrial life line the 318ship Great Lakes fleet carted more iron ore coal grain and lime most essential raw materials in 1944 than was evei shipped during a single season in all history The total haul last year reached 184155384 net a figure times greater than all war cargoes carried by Americas 1944 Atlan ticPacific oceangoing merchant fleet George J Dietrich statisti cian of the Lake Carriers associa tion revealed here Thursday Whats more remarkable in ap praising the overall record pic ture Dietrich asserted is the astounding fact that the shipping season time was 9 days less than was available between the spring breakup and the freezing of ship ping lanes in the former high sea son of 1942 Asks Senate Not to Argue World Views Washington Connally D returned from a white louse conference Thursday urging he senate to withhold further dis cussions the international situa ion pending a new meeting of the Big Three The Texan who is chairman the foreign relations committee disclosed no details of the discus sions between Mr Roosevelt and an 8man bipartisan delegation rom the foreign relations group but issued this statement to re porters The subcommittee had a very Pleasant and satisfactory confer ence with the president In antici pation of his departure to meet Stalin and Churchill the views of members of the subcommittee were made known to the president and the presidents views were made known to the subcommittee The discussions covered the en tire field of foreign relations Until the meeting of Roosevelt Stalin and Churchill I hope that there will be no resolutions pre sented in the senate or general discussions which would disturb Ihe delicate international situa tion As the subcommittee left the white house Democratic Leader Barkley of Kentucky said We had an interesting discus sion the whole field of the in ternational problem That is as far as we can on any de tail or any phase of it The whole subject still left un decided by Dumbarton Oaks was discussed The republican floor leader Senator White of Maine however merely held up his hands when asked it he considered the meet ing a satisfactory one Whilethe conference was under way Sen R Wis de clared in a seriate speech that Eur opean nations should compose LAROCHE FALLS AS ALLIES PUSH SWIFTLY AHEAD Blizzard Continues With Temperatures at Front About 9 Above Sen Kryaridenberg H also declined to comment It wa hewho started the historic foreign relationsdebate in the senate Wednesday by proposing an im mediate united nations agreemen o demilitarize Germany and Ja pan and giving the president ful authority to guarantee this with ms Others who participated in the conference were Senators George D Thomas D Utah Austin R Vt and La Follette progWis Vandenberg has said the next move is up to the president Actor Collapses While Mowing Lawn Dies Beverly Hills Cal Fielding 65 year old screen char acter actor collapsed and died Wednesday while mowing the lawn at his home Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy Thurs day night and Friday No de cided change in temperature Lowest Thursday night about 10 above loiva Cloudy north and east and fair southwest Thursday night and Friday Warmer east and central Little change in tem perature extreme west Thurs day night Continued mild Fri day Shippers forecast Isortli cast 5 above all other 10 above Minnesota Cloudy Thursday night with light snow east early Thursday night warmer north east and continued mild re mainder of state Thursday night Partly cloudy and mild Friday diminishing winds Thursday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 22 minimum Wednesday night 16 At 8 a m Thursday 16 YEAR AGO Maximum 35 Minimum 5 Trace of snow Report Spellman Is Given Mission in Future Peace Talks London The Morocco ra dio Thursday broadcast uncon firmed Swiss reports that Arch bishop Francis J Spellman of New York had been entrusted by Pope Pius XII with an important mis sion in connection with future peace talks It gave no details but said there was great diplomatic activity in Rome A Rome dispatch Wednesday night said some Vatican circles be lieved there was a possibility Archbishop Spellman might be come Papal secretary of stale pro tempore although a Vatican offi cial had denied such an appoint ment had been made Paris troops uredI strategic LaRoche Thursday and British patrols in a swift in cap patrols in a swift 10 nule advance through the collaps ng western end of the Belgian bulge reached the Champion area a mile east of the northsouth between LaRoche and St Hubert The road was cut without ODPO quietened their skillful orderly withdrawal in the deep snnw as the American 1st ana 3rd armies drove in from torth and south and the British 2nd army pursued through pro fuse minefields from the west The main British force was 4 miles behind the patrols which penetrated the Champion area al most through the difficult Freyr forest The town is 13 miles west of Houffalize which the Germans may attempt to make he center of a new defensive front shielding the eastern hall of the bulge The allies captured the strate gic road center of LaRoche pop 1928 on the north side of the salient at a m Patrols en tered the town 14 miles northwest of Bastogne Wednesday and found it lightly held The cruelesl enemy for both sides was the continuing blizzard with temperatures 9 above zero Fahrenheit With the bulge battle going well the tenderest spot on the allied side of the western front was Strasbourg Germans threatened the Alsatian capital from positions 10rtptJL7 miles south aridfrom 9 100 tanks f beffiw v deployed on both sides of the Rhine and claimed the destruc tion of 9 and the damaging of 19 The Germans did not appear to have exerted their full strength in that area but neither the Ameri can 7th army on the north nor the French 1st army on the south had yet shown sufficient strength to reduce the threat A short break in the clouds al lowed a few allied planes to get into the air above the Belgian bulge for a change First army patrols tested n new sector and stabbed deeply below Malmedy encountering no opposi tion The 1st also threw a bridge head across the Salm river within 9 miles of St Vith and fought in Vielsalra a river stronghold Signs Thursday were that the nazi commander hoped o estab lish a new Una 15 miles or so west of the German border between Vielsalra already entered by ihe U S first army Houffallze and the Bastogne sector A dozen or more towns fell By latest reports von Rundstedt has pulled out the toe of the Ardennes sock with all possible speed But there was no sign of a stampede such as that in which Field Marshal von Kluges German 7lh army was partly destroyed in the Falaisc massacre in Normandy Snow and mist gave the nazls cover The German communique an nounced a withdrawal from the area west of the steep banked Ourlhe river which flows through bypassed Laroche in order to NAZIS RETREAT FROM blows by allied armies the Germans are retiring from their Belgian positions 1 as the U S 7th army drove the German spearhead in the Vosges back 2 miles stopping the nazi assaults menacing Strasbourg   

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