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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 5, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTKtNT OF Ml STORY ftr0 ARCHIVED MOlNtS I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT VOL LJ MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Associated Press and United Press Full Leaud Wires Five Cents Copy MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY JANUARY 5 1945 ALLIES SLASH TWs Paper ConiiiU Two NO 76 British Take Akyab in Burma After Japs Flee NOT A SHOT IS FIRED AS URGE FORCE ARRIVES English Win Control of All Arakan Province West of Kaladan River With British Forces at Akyab Island Burma Jan 3 Delayed UR The largest combined opera tions force ever launched against the Asiatic continent seized Akyab Burmas third largest port without opposition Wednesday The Japanese who savanely re pulsed smallerscale British at tempts to reach Akyab in overland thrusts through the Burma jungle from India in 1943 and 1943 evac uated the stronghold without fight while cruisers destroyers transports and planes were con verging on them for a mighty land sea and air blow BBC said not a shot was fired in the landing Seizure of Akyab a small island at the mouth the Kaladan and Mayu rivers 75 miles south of the InHian border gave the British a harbor capable of handling ships up to 8000 tons and air bases a little more than 300 miles north west of Rangoon With Akyab in their hands the British 15th corps won control of all Arakah province west of the Kaladan river and put it in a posi tion to cut the enemys only ape route from the province a Rule Recognized by Elussia Confronting U S Britain With New Problem London Friday announced iecognition of the Polish rovisional government of Lublin making a clean break with the governmentinexile Condon which still is recognized y the United States and Britain Bringing to a head one of the horniest Questions facing the im nding big 3 parley the broad ast announcement came within 4 ays of the joint announcement y the United States and Britain liat they stood by the London olish government Leaders of the Polish peasant iarty in London had sensed a lossibility that Moscow would an icunce recognition of the Lublin overnment before the Roosevelt ChurchillStalin meeting They harged that if Russia acted be ore that meeting it would be an attempt to present the other 2 towers with a fait accompli Russia broke relations with the Condon Polish government April 26 1943 in a dispute over the re ported discovery of graves housands of Polish officers in the Smolensk forests Russia accused he Germans of executing the oles but the London Polish gov ernment requested that the Inter national Red Cross make an in vestigation Moscows recognition of the Lublin group made no reference o the rival London government Che announcement said On Jan 4 the soviet govern ment was officially informed by he provisional national govern mentof the Polish republic that iccordrng to a decision of the Po eopncil the Polish of ijAkyab largest Burmese port west of in peacetime had population of 18000 but it believed to have dwindled to a mere 2000 since the start of the war India and Gey Ion imported twothirds of their rice through beforethe war commanding an ar tilleryispottingisquadron made the discovery ihatthe Japanese hac withdrawn from Akyab only Tues day Flying the islandhesaw no signs of the enemy and sig naled natives to clear a landing He was given a rousing reception Then a reconnaissance party Tuesday night put ashora and gained further confirmation Na tives said the Japanese began pulling out oj the port last Sun day and completed the evacuation only a few hours before the artil lery officer landed Nazi Counter Drives Repulsed Canadians Push Near San Alberto Home troop have advanced against strong enemy counterattacks along the road east of Alfonsine to within 114 miles of San Alberto 8 miles north of Ravenna in the Adriatic coastal sector of the Italian front allied headquarters announcec Friday The Germans threw in veteran troops andbrought up Tiger anr Panther tanks in a series of fierce counterthrusts all of which were repulsed as the Canadians drove forward Heavy losses were in fiicted on the nazis the communi que said Further west good progress wa reported north of the capturec BolognaRimini highvvay town o Faenza where other 8th army troops have greatly reduced German pocket east ot the Senii river There was a patrol activity onlj on the 5th army front Civil War 4F Reaches 103rd Year St Ionis T Arch ambeau rejected for service in th confederate army during the Civ il war because of physical unfit ness celebrated his 103rd birth day Thursday JOINS 9 MAN CLUB Washington B B Hickenlooper Iowa Thursda accepted an invitation to join th exclusive 9 Man club made up o the 9 republican freshmen electe to the 8lh congress 2 years ago Hickenlooper was 1 of 6 freshmer republican senators of this con gress who have received invita lions TALKBYFRTO BE BROADCAST SATURDAY EVE Message Will Deal With Foreign Policy and Manpower Problems By JOHN M HIGHTOWER Washington resident oosevelt will take to the air Sat urday night to summarize to the ation his state of the union mes age to be delivered to congress arlier in the day The cMef executive telling his ews conference Friday that the message will deal with foreign olicy and manpower among oth r things said it will be about 8 00 words long His foreign policy discussion he indicated may touch on the sub set of more materials for the rench In connection with his foreign discussions the presiden new jrovisional of Poland national government The provisional government of Poland proposed to the soviet gov ernment the establishment of dip omatic relations and the exchange of ambassadors The presidium of the supreme soviet of trie U S S R following its policy of supporting and strengthening friendly relations with democratic Poland decided o recognize the provisional na tional government of the Polish republic and to exchange am bassadors The presidium the supreme soviet of the U S S R appointed Victor Zakarovich Lebedev am bassador extraordinary and pleni potentiary of the U S S R in Poland V S Still Backs Exile Government Washington United States Friday reiterated its recog nition pj the Palish exile govern ment despite Russian recognition of the new Polish regime at Lub lin as a provisional government The state department announced in reply to inquiries that it had re ceived advance notice from the Russian government of the sovie action Asked for additional comment a department spokesman referrec to a statement issued by Secretary of State Stettinius last Monday anc said there was nothing to add to it In that statement Stettinlus as serted This government continues t maintain formal diplomatic rela tions with the Polish governmen m exile in London Soviet Ambassador Gromyk called at the state departmen Thursday but officials declined to say whether he then brought thi advance notice of Fridays actioj in Moscow Although Russias action wa not unexpected here it was obvi ous that the diplomatic reaction was the worst has happened No immediate way to break the deadlock appeared The general view in Washing ton was that Stalin felt he coulc wait no longer in recognizing th Lublin regime because of the im mincnce of a great Russian win ter offensive to liberate all of Po land The Russian recognition actio freezes the worst split to date i the ranks of the united nations It puts Russia in firm suppor of a regime radically opposed t the exiled government of Polan at government sup ported by both the United Stat and Britain It also represents a defeat fo those in the British and America governments xvho had sought un officially in the last few days t persuade the Russians to dela possibly until after the big meeting any formal announce mcnt about the Lublin regime saidjn reply to questions that a Italy SALIENT 1000 Yank Bombers Lash Slazi Targets London score of top dority targets behind a 150 mile tretch of he German lines be ween Cologne and Karlsruhe vere attacked Friday by more han 100Q U S 8th air force teavy bombers in one phase of a ullscale assault Five hundred p51 fighters es orted the American bombers out gain after a day of inactivity hursday Even before these forces re urned heavy bombers of the HAF streaked toward the battle irea Headquarters of the U S stra egic air forces said American tar gets were in a broad area extend ng from Cologne to Karlsruhe and ast beyond Frankfurt and all of hem are important points along he enemy supply routes to the Cront A MEDICAL AID STATION ON THE HEELS OF GI JOEBehind the first ridge sep aiatmg them from the enemy American medics have set up a forward battalion aid sta twn Some of their vehicles can be seen in below while the station is in the R to Speak at 9 p m Saturday New York net announced that Presiden loose yell would broadcasta sum mary of his annual message to 6ngress from 9 to p m CW1 Saturday een agreed upon and that more is going in there He could not estimate the in crease in pounds but said were more calories in the new shipment Ke said shipping still is a ver ireat problem in feeding the Ital ans Told that some people believe heItalian armistice terms should be made public on the ground tha military considerations are m longer a factor for continued se crecy the president said military jeople on the spoi still conside this factor Important Some people in this country he added seem to know more than hey do The president opened the new conference with a remark that hi message Saturday is going to bi unconscionably long and newspa pers might want to set aside th required space for it in advance Still joking he said he was terri bly ashamed of its length as a wartime document He said there will be something about foreign policy in it but not all the 8000 words will be devoted to this subject It was here that a reporter men tioned more food for Italy He said some people had contended that promises to give Italy greater supplies were made for campaign purposes only Mr Roosevelt passed this off but said more food is going in Asked whether General Charles De Gaulle had been told that the French would get more materials the chief executive advised his questioner o wait until Saturday when his message is sent to con gress Another newsman wanted to know whether Mr Roosevelt would discuss the manpower draft in the message he replied affirmatively adding he had said that before This was taken to be a refer ence to his recommendation pf last year that congress consider national service legislation Al though congress did not meet that request the manpower situation has been described as growing more critical and recent actions havetended toward more radical steps to bring additional men into essential industry To a query whether he would discuss Italian policy the presi dent said he could not answer that beforehand Despite his assertion that his entire message would not deal with foreign affairs a comprehen sive discussion of that subject is anticipated 7TH BOND DRIVE NOT UNTIL MAY Morgenthau Praises Total in 6th War Loan Washington blizzard of has burued every quota m the yuletide 6th war loan As a result the 7th war loan probably won t open until around May or June Thafs the word from Treasury Secretary Morgenthau who an nounced these final sales figures in the NovemberDecember drive 1 Series E 000 These are the only bonds the average citizen knows anything aboutSales were behind schedule at first but steadily improved and finally forged 15 per cent over the 52500000000 quota 2 Grand total 000 This is 54 per cent above the quota It is a new world record for a financing oper ation The previous mark was 520639000000 rung up in the 5th war loan Morgenthau said he thought the final figures in the 6th war loan were swell He praised the amazing performance of the volunteer organization that sold the bonds Individuals invested about 900000000 the quota was 5 bil lion and still had enough cash to spend more for Christmas gifts than ever before E bond and in dividual sales were less than in the 5th war loan last summer Thus it was corporation invest ments of more than 515700000 ODO that caused the setting of a new overall record 3 Die in Fire in New York 22 Firemen Overcome by Smoke New York elderly women died in a 3alarm fire which swept the top floor of an apartment house at 96lh street ancj Broadway early Friday All 22 members of the first fire department unit to arrive were overcome by smoke and requirec treatment About 150 occupants of the apartment were routed in their night clothes Some of them wer affected by smoke 13 Killed When Plane Crashes in Aleutians Adak Aleutians Jan 4 De servicemen and civilians most them home ward bound after long service in the rugged Aleutians were killei before dawn Dec 29 when the ai transport command C47 plan carrying them crashed into a hill side and burned An llth airforce sjrokesman saio the plane was operated by civilian personnel and no airforce men were killed Casualties included 2nd Lt Raymond S Metz Mineral Poinl Wis and Lt James Lovclady Sidney Iowa Buy your War Bonds ani Stamps from your ClobcCxzctt carrier boy BERNARD L MONTGOMERY hi Monty Cqmmands Forces on North Side of Nazi Salient By The Associated Press Supreme headquarters announced Friday a regrouping of western front commands placing Field Marshal Sir Bernard L Montgomery Lt Gen Omar N Bradley v harge of operations against the Sermans deep salient in Belgium At the same time Prime Mini ter Churchill relonxefl toXondpn if ter conferring with GeneraT Eisenhower and Marshal Mdnf omery These developments coincided with field reports which said the allies attack on the von Rund Stedt salient was progressing slowly against stiffest German re ilstance Montgomery was disclosed as commander of all allied forces on he north side of the salient fac ng south These troops include not only his British 2nd army but ilso major elements of the U S irst and 9th armies Bradley was disclosed as the commander on the south side ot he salient where Lt Gen George S Pattons 3rd army is the strong est force Montgomery has been in charge on the north side of the salient since Dec 20 or 4 days after von Sundstedt unlimbered his sur prise offensive which crashed 50 miles deep into Belgium and across vital allied communication lines When the German penetration through the Ardennes created 2 fronts one substantially facing north and the other south by in stant agreement of all concerned that portion of the front facing south was placed under command of Field Maishil Montgomery aucl that facing north under command ol Gen Bradley said the su preme headquarters announce ment Bradleys new command In cludes one division of Lt Gen Alexander M Patchs 7th army which presumably was brought up from Alsace or a nearby rest area Bradley formerly commanded the U S first 3rd and 9th armies in an army group known as the 12th Montgomery has been chief of the 21st army group including the British 2nd army and Can adian first army AP Correspondent Wes Galla gher said When von Rundstedts drive inlo Belgium went unchecked and there was grave danger he might split the allied western front in 2 Gen Eisenhower reshuffled his army group commands He took the first and 9th armies away from Bradley and placed them un der Montgomery Thus in event of a complete breakthrough there still would be one coordinated fighting force in northern Belgium and Holland sufficient in supplies coming through Antwerp In the south Pattons army also was a selfcontained unit linked with Lt Gen Jacob L Devers 6th army group the U S 7th army and French first In the event of a complete German success in reaching the channel coast there thus were 3 selfcontained forces ready to continue the fight President Roosevelt in Wash ington said Montgomery was not being made a deputy commander to Eisenhower as a result of the shift London dispatches in the last few days speculating on the reshuffle had suggested that sue might be the case Montgomer was deputy commander in charg ot all ground forces under Eise hower until last September President Roosevelt told news conference that the shift wa a regular field operation It was assumed the Montgomer command includes not only for ward combat unils but also suppl and other organization elemenl in the rear 38 Below Recorded at Bemidji Minn Bemidji Minn in northern Minnesota had 8 degrees below zero early Friday by the U S weather observers thermome ter Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Holkes Executed for Lower 13 Slaying Salem Ore E Folkes died in the slates lethal gas chamber Friday for the Low er 13 slaying of Mrs Martha Vir ginia James still protesting his nnocence ol the crime for which le was executed The dining car cook did not elaborate his denial hat he crept into the berth oE a navy ensigns bride and slashed her throat when she resisted him 2 Citations Awarded lowan for Heroism Washington war de partment Friday announced award 2 citations for heroism in com silver star and the bronze star 1st Sgt Adrian M Van Steenbergen Sheldon Iowa now serving with the 34th infan try division in Italy Both award were made Jor Van Steenbergen rades from the battlefield Butcher Turns Back lOLb Roast Missing New York Albert 3rd avenue delicatessen propric tor turned his back on a custome to sharpen a butcher knife When he turned around both custome and a 10 pound roast of beet from the top of the showcase were gone Im not mad said Albert Some poor slob probably hadn had roast beet for a year Only wish I had the red points I pu out for that meat Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Snow Friday nigh and Saturday warmer Frida night lowest about 20 above a Mason City becoming colde Saturday fresh to strong winds Iowa Light snow north and easl freezing rain or drizzle south west portion Friday night am Saturday changing to rail southwest and extreme wcs portions Saturday Warmer Fri clay night and Saturday Minnesota Light snow and warm er Friday night and Saturday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 19 Minimum Thursday night 0 At 8 a m Friday o Snow i incl Frecip 03 inch YEAH AGO Maximum 29 Minimum 13 Precipitation og Snow inch DRIVE INTO GERMAN Arrows indicate U S 3rd army drives on the southern side of the German salient in Belgium Broken line is front BUT NAZIS GAIN N DRIVE ON 7TH ARMY IN SOUTH British Join Yanks in CounterDrive Against Bulge in Belgium Paris British in antry and armor thrown into the elgian bulge counterattack by ield Marshal Sir Bernard L lontgomery commanding all al ed forces on the north side of the alient has gained up to 2000 ards all along its front This was disclosed at supreme eadquarters Friday along with he fact that the U S 1st and 9th rmies have been under Mont omerys eomand since Deb 20 vheii the Germans were threat to break the allies western forces in half While the British gained on the orth Friday the German attack nto eastern France against the U i 7th army developed into a ULL OFFENSIVE with a drive orward for 2 more miles south ast of to 15 miles nside France and within 12 miles il the Saverne gap the key to Strasbourg Bradleys command formerly ncluded the 1st and 9th armies British 2nd army tanks and in antry went into action Thursday it the northwestern tip of the von iundstedt salient and reached Waha in a push 1500 yards The drive is continuing field dispatches said and netted up to 2000 yards all along its front torn Marche to the right flank ot the U S 1st army to the east This was a front ol about seven miles The concentrated assault stirred up nazi traffic movements which correspondents at the front inter preted as a possible withdrawal from the tip of the German sal ient Reports said however that might be only a regrouping around Houffalize in the center of the salient where they would fight to prevent Montgomerys and Bradleys forces from joining Other British units attacked the iermans on the outskirts of newly captured Bure and at Wavreille south ol Rochefort on the nose of the German penetration The British had been rushed to the scene at the first indication of danger to Liege when von Rund stedt broke through but they had been used chiefly in backstopping Ihe Americans until they went into their own attack Thursday Six opposing allied and 3 elements of the ninth army were thus com mitted to grinding battle in the forbidding Ardennes in the midst of severe winter The U S first army to the cast meanwhile knifed through drift ing snow and fojr which reduced visibility to almost zero and scored several fains of 1000 yards at dif ferent places along a 17mile front Arbrefonfaine 2j miles from the LarocheSt Vith highway on the left flank of the first was cleared after a street right Ad vances of 1000 yards were marked up to the outskirts ot Lierneux farther west and below Holton on the right wing of the first A German counterattacking force was wiped out at Bergeval on the lett flank near Stavclot It was hard going however and a staff officer at Montgomerys headquarters declared this is the hardest ground we ever fought over With slow steady sains on a 17 mile front on the north side of the salient U Gen Courtney H Hodges U S first army in its 3 day old attack had whittled down the German escape gap between Bastoijne and Grandmcnil to scarcely 12 miles On the south side of the salient held by 3 German armies Lt Gen George S Pattens 3rd army turned back 17 fierce German counterattacks up to 6 a m Fri day but his front was substantial ly unchanged Berlin said yet a 4th allied army the U S 9th army had been brought down from the Aachen area to bolster a piledriver at tack but supreme headquarters had no comment on this report Moving up under terrible con ditions in which tanks stalled on icy slopes and slithered downhill tearing out the telephone commu nications at the sides of the roads Hodges men had PLOWED FOR WARD as much as miles for their maximum gain on a front which extended from Bettc 8 miles east of Marche to 4 miles southwest of Stavelot The Germans some clad in white snowsuits and even throw ing SKI TROOPERS into action on sections of the front fought mainly from frozen foxholes and solid positions while the dough J boys slogged across icy fields and
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