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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 20, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF AftO ASCHI ICS I THE NEWSPAPIR THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Five Ccnti a Copy MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY DECEMBER 20 1944 This Paper Coiisists ol Two YANKS CHECK 1 OF 4 NAZI DRIVES Big 3 Fail to Agree on Policy in Freed Europe BRITAIN WORKS HARD TO HEAL ALLIED DREACH Churchill Says U S England Reds Fully CoOperate on War London UR Prime Minister Churchill conceded Wednesday that the big 3 have fallen into disagreement over allied policy in liberated Europe but said Britain was doing her utmost to heal the breach Broadcasting a new flood of criticism in commons over British intervention in Greece Churchill told the house that Britain the United States and Russia were co operating fully on the prosecution of the war but added Whether there is complete I agreement on every aspect of these matters is another question alto gether He said it was justifiable con clusion that Britain was taking steps to bring about greater ac cord The 3 great powers are in en tire agreement upon the general aims which bind our alliance he said and we have every need to keep in closest association in this dangerous and momentous phase war Defending his government for the4th time in 12 days Churchill refused a challenge from the floor to explain whether the self as fignment of spheres of influence n liberated Europe might not con flict with the Dumbarton Oaks proposals for world security I think that is a topic that I obviously should not attempt to tfeal with now Churchill said The question had been raised by Independent Daniel Powers who obviously had in mind Russias demands against Poland as much as Britains intervention in Greece Churchill said the burden of set tling the strife in Greece had fallen upon Britain and we have not so far been able to discharge this task without criticism even here at home which has added to our difficulties We had a certain task thrown upon us and we are discharging it to the best of our ability he taid Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden told commons that no agree ment yet had been reached in the Greek civil war though everyone in this country naturally wants the situation brought to an end at the earliest possible moment Asked for assurances that if the leftwing ELAS laid down their arms they would be protected against rightwing elements Eden said We shall take every precaution In that respect It is not our desire that as result of this business there should be victimization either on one side or the other Our desire is that here should be amnesty arid that the Greeks should have an opportunity to live in peace and Jiarmony If ELAS accepts British de mands for surrender of their arms and evacuation of Attica Eden said shall do our best to en sure the Greek people their choice and free elections as soon as pos sible Earlier Eden had admitted un der pressure that the rightwing EDES as well as the ELAS had retained their arms lie said both irregular bands had agreed to surrender their weapons by Dec IB but the outbreak of distur bances had broken the agree ment It will be necessary for us to make another agreement he said demobilization of guerrillas clearly await the settlement of the present disturbances EAM national liberation parent body of the ELAS has de nounced EDES as royalist though EDES claims to include republi cans as well ELAS frequently has they will not surrender their arms so long as EDES remains armed Shouts Against Greek King Cause Confusion in Commons AUDITOR TO RESIGN Chariton VP Loyd Mikesell Lucas county auditor who was re elected last November to another 2 year term announced Tuesday that he would resign Dec 23 enter private business Dep Auditor Mrs Louise W singer was appointed to fill the unexpired and new terms the county board of supervisors to puty Krut both by Fore Goal Within ight for Cheer Fund London bitter attack Prime Minister Churchill and rei Secretary Eden stood pat in commons Wednesday on Britains intervention in Greece but Eden urged the quick reestab lishment of facetoface contact among the foreign ministers of Britain Russia and the United States to deal with such problems The commons chamber was thrown into confusion as shouts came from all sides attacking King George of Greece Dr Haden Guest laborite as serted it is not worth spending the life of the wounding of one British soldier to defend the Icings prerogative Replying to vitriolic criticisms in which one laborite shouted there may be civil war in Britain Eden said Britains only error in Greece was in not taking the troops of her allies into that coun try along with her own He said there was no question of Britains armed intervention in Greece without consulting oar allies The government would wel come quarterly meetings between the foreign secretaries of the great powers as they used to have be fore to deal with some of these matters Eden said The prime minister and I have said over and over again that they would go anywhere The denied implications that British policy was dictated by spheres of influence and said Britain was seeking nothing for ourselves in strat egic advantage nor economic ad vantage or any other advantage of that kind at all The British government is not against a regency in GreeceMSden said and declared that so far as he was aware King George II of Greece would take the advice of his ministers Athens dispatches Wednesday announcing that Lt Gen R M Scobie had issued an ultimatum to the ELAS threatening to use all arms at his disposal by 9 a m Thursday said the Greek govern ment had advised the king to ac cept a regency We want to bring this conflict to an end as speedily as possible by whatever means can be de vised the foreign secretary said I do not what other de cisions we could have taken but to go into Greece Eden said We knew there was a risk but I still think the decision was right If we had not taken this action there would have been mass star vation all over Greece Britain he continued will be glad to hand over her responsi bilities as soon as we can do so consistently with our obligation He declared flatly that Britain was not trying to impose the king with British bayonets on the Greek people It was the British ambassador in Athens he added who first had put forward the idea of a regency PREVIOUSLY REPORTED Garfield Parent Education Group In Memory cf Idellys Ann Olsons nib Birthday Brill From Friend From Group R Cbbrch Andrew Faabort and Jack servej San Juan Rebekah Circle Ply mouth M N B Jewish Council of Mason Ciiy To Be Printed Anonymous Hanson Twins Xorthwood From Santa A Friend FrLm Busier and Prince TylerRyan Furniture Co Mrs Ed Motland Nora Spr Courthouse Employts Father Ambrose Grannonkas Mrs F E Osare Milwaukee Shops Machinists Helpers II F B i Portland Township Protrusive Club Trinity Roosevelt Circle Prl John Boycr of Wal ters Tex A Friend Chautauqua Club F K Hansen MCWR San Francisco Queen Rebckab Iadee IDG Barbers Local G18 lt Robert f Collen USX New Hebrides Ptc Cliliord Colleiv Aleutians Federal Employes at Deckers GlobeGazette News Room Ganr Bessie V Baker Clear Lake Grace Evangelical Ladies Aid From It F First National Bank Employes rjf5 and soo 100 zou 300 y 300 500 1000 1000 JOO 300 330U 100 300 IM 500 100 SOO 300 im 5UO 100 a no 5no 500 200 1100 700 500 300 100 4000 THE DAIS TOTAL S 18700 TOIAL TO DATE 5155359 S A MATTER being perfectly frank with those who have made th em selves partners with UK in this Christ roas Cheer f cause w e A M should 1 e t you HHI know that the chances of go i n g over the top were never brighter at this stage of the solici tation than they are at this time The total as of this date is al most S400 greater than on the same date last year We tell you this as a preface to the statement that we are not ask ing for any SACRIFICIAL giv ing from this point on in the cam paign The amount on hand and in sight will adequately care for this years Christmas Cheer needs Any surplus will be held in trest for future years when the needs may be more pressing All contributions will be grate fully received of course But we want you to know exactly what the situation is In years to come when the need may be greater we would like to be worthy of your confidence when we state those needs Thats our reason for being en tirely forthright with you at this time The address still remains Christmas Cheer Fund Mason City Iowa KILLED IN AIR COLLISION Santa Monica Cil Lt Max A Sommerlot 23 Al bion Iowa son of Mrs Margaret E Sommerlot was killed Monday YEAR AGO in the air collision of 2 trainer Maximum planes near Oceano Minimum FIND TEACHERS BODY In Southern England body of a teacher who spent the night at school rather than go home where it was not quite so safe was removed Wednesday from tiie wreckage of a boys school hit rcccnlly by a Vbomb She was the only person in the school Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Snow flurries and squalls Wednesday afternoon and Wednesday night becom ing fair Thursday Cold wave Wednesday night with temper ature near zero or slightly be low Thursday morning Con tinued cold Thursday Fresh to strong winds diminishing Thursday Iowa Snow flurries Wednesday afternoon and Wednesday night Cold wave Wednesday night Thursday fair and continued cold Fresh to strong winds di minishing Thursday Shippers Forecast Northern half 5 be low southern half zero Minnesota Cold wave Wednesday night with lowest temperature 15 below north to 5 below south east Thursday fair and cold fresh winds Wednesday night snow flurries southeast IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday Minimum Tuesday night At 8 a m Wednesday 32 20 26 35 10 YANKS ON MOVE IN DUREN SUBURBSInfantrymen of the 83rd division hujr building in background as another center dashes across an open space in the suburbs ol jJuren Germany east of Aachen during operations Dec 16 Associated Press wire photo Kayenay engraving Modernized Diplomat Setup Is Unveiled by Stettinius Washington JP Secretary Stettinius unveiled his modernized state department setup Wednesday as his hardwon team of new as sistants was sworn in In the reorganization crossing lines of responsibility were cleared away and the Under Joseph C Grew was relieved of detail jobs Stettinius and ew h a to keep its skirts will work together as a unit The secretary toU reporters it was his aim to brine the test qualified men in America into the T7 department and to make it the V OtB Of best possible armVof the govern ment to cope with difficult tasks afiead Farther dunces are in Washington 4 instances prospect he indicated Sen Guy Gillette DIowa voted Throughout his explanation of with the majority Tuesday as the his departmental machinery has senate confirmed the nominations been revamped the teamwork of o assistant secretaries of state theme was constantly emphasized and Joseph C Grew as undersec Undersecretary Grew and 4 retary of stale sistant secretaries were sworn in eares were sworn n ee voe n favor ot con by Associate Justice Stanley Reed firmation of Grew L Clayton of Tho siinromi Mtit N of the supreme court after a wordy battle in the senate over their appointments The fight ended Tuesday night after Presi dent Roosevelt insisted they were the men he wanted for the jobs One of the 5 new assistant sec retaries was absent from Wednes days ceremony He is Brig Gen Julius C Holmes who is now in Paris finishing up his job as deputy to General Eisenhower He will return here January 15 Stettinius said It appeared however that some strings were attached to Stettinius reorganizing authority They are 1 an announced presidential promise to fire any who did not follow his policies re ligiously and 2 strong insist ence in the senate that the de partment hew closely to the line of the Atlantic charter Endinf 2 weeks of turmoil and bitter the senate Tuesday confirmed Joseph C Grew form er ambassador to Japan to be un dersecretary of slate II save Grew a 66 lo 7 vote of confidence before it wound up the business of the 18th congress Thou in short order it voted to confirm 5 assistant secretaries of part of the team that Stettinius said he wante4 to mod ernise the department for the tre mendous work ahead They were W L Clayton Archibald Mac Leish Nelson Rockefeller James C Dunn and Brig Gen Julius C Holmes Rockefeller Dunn and Holmes proved almost as popular Vote getters as Grew but Clayton and MacLeish were subjected to more shooting from the opposition Clayton millionnaire Texas cot ton broker who will head the for eign economics division won ap proval by 52 to 19 MacLeish poet who is giving up a S10000 a year job as librarian of congress to be a 59000 a year assistant secre tary was approved 43 to 25 Twentythree republicans Sen Overlon DLa arid Sen LaFol lette voted against him Sen Pepper who op posed all of the nominees except MacLeish because he contended they were out of character with Mr Roosevelts policies told a re j porter he thought he state de aay partmcnt had been put on notice views There were a lot ol senators who were not satisfied with these nominations who voted for them qualms about the slate de of Powei Politics 10 adhere Gillette voted in favor ot con on Nelson Rockefeller and James C Dunn He was not listed as voting on confirmation of Archibald Mac Leish and Brig Gen Julius C Holmes Sen George Wilson RIowa was paired in favor ol Clayion but not reported as voting on other confirmations YANKS REPULSE 4 NAZI ATTACKS Germans Surprised by U S Counter Blows By HAL BOYLE With American Troops Hoidjns Staveiot dough boys backed by antitank guns re pulsed 4 heavy German attacks Wednesday as the nazis tried with nrmor and infantry to punch into I this key Belgian of the chief funnels into Belgium for their offensive hordes Their repeated thrusts climaxed a 3 day battle during which Amer icans thrown into the line to stem the breach torn by German armor drove the occupying nazis from the village street by street in a bitter struggle Surprised themselves by the speed and power of the American counterblow the Germans have been trying ever since with every bullet and shell they can throw to gain control of Stavelot 25 miles southwest of Aachen Four times they struck this foggy day through clinging white mists that filled the whole valley and 4 times they were hurled back 1000 Persons Toss Grenades Capture RAF Post at Kifissia Athens ELAS force ot 1000 persons including women boys and girls throwing grenades like baseballs stormed and cap tured the RAF headquarters at Kifissia 10 miles northeast of RUSSIAN FORCES MASS ON KASSA Converge on Anchor in East Czech Mountains Moscow red army columns were converging in heavy attacks Wednesday on the city of Kassa anchor of the entire Ger man defense system in the moun tains of Eastern Czechoslovakia Advanced forces already were reported within easy artillery raiure of the old highland provin cial center whose mixed Slovak Hungarian pnpulatioii before the war totaled about 84000 A communique Tuesday night announced fall of the village of Senya only 9 miles to the south Other soviet columns were boring in from the southwest southeast and east Field dispatches report ed steady progress On the southwest the main German highwayrail escape route was cut Other routes leading through the mountains or middle Slovakia are reported continually harassed by patriot bands The drive for the coveted town was a coordinated effort of two powerful Russian Athens it was revealed Wedncs ment had been put on notice XI t had better be liberal in its NaZ1S May Increase Flying Bomb Attacks London British press Because they didn t want to go warned Wednesday that it is pos L he Presldent he said sible the Germans may step up Even the conservatives had some their flying bomb attacks on Bri minima annttr j tain New damage and casualties o VQIII uaiuagt diiu Hen Chandler DKy thought were caused Tuesday and Tues the department had been served day night Rodion Y Malinovskys 2nd Ukrainian and Gen Ivan Fetrov 4lh Ukrainian acmy The converging columns gained as much as 8 miles Tuesday The drive on Kassa was part of gen eral advances on a front more than 80 miles above the southeri borders of Slovakia and in north ern Hungary The border wa crossed at many new points The strength the German de fense was indicated in enemy casualty figures announced bythc Russian commandAt Senya alone the communique said red armj troops killed Germans an Hungarians and captured more than 2000 Twentyfour on the ap proaches to Kassa fell Tuesday in a narrowing semicircle running from slightly north of cast around to the southwest the Russians captured Davidov 18 miles away Dargov and Kcrestur 13 miles away Senya 3 miles and Pcrin 11 miles Claim 10000 Allied Troops Are Prisoners London German high command declared Wednesday that more than 10000 prisoners liad been taken in the nazi coun teroffensive and said spearheads still were advancing The Berlin communique said 200 American tanks had been de stroyed or captured and 124 al lied planes shot down A large part of enemy bases lett behind the front were cleared up the broadcast bulletin added Fighting ensued at many points with single groups of enemy re serves which had been hurriedly drawn up and immediataelv brought into action NAZIS HOPE TO TAKE ANTWERP IN 5 DAYS Paris tUR Captured German prisoners said it was their com manders hope that Antwerp could be taken in 5 days There were indications some nazi spear heads were veering toward the Ardennes gap where the break through that broke the back of the French army in 1040 was achieved DR BOWEN DIES AT FORT DODGE Widely Known Physician Formerly of Whittemore Fort Dodge fl Dr W W Bowen 75 widely known pliysi uian and surgeon died at Mercy hospital Wednesday morning alt er a several weeks illness He was a former president of the Iowa State Austin Flint and Twin Lakes Medical societies Graduating from the University of Iowa College of Medicine in 1895 he practiced in WhiUemore until 1900 when he went lo Her GERMAN FORCE NOW WITHIN 22 MILES OF LIEGE Americans Recapture Monschau But Front It Still Not Stabilized Paris U S 1st army troops have blunted one powerful German drive that lunged 20 miles hito Belgium to Stavelot and recaptured Mpnschau a German town 17 miles to the northeast Other American units clung to points 3 miles from St Vith another key Belgian road hub U miles southeast of Stavelot and farther south doughboy forces were being mustered to halt still another penetration that struck across the north tip of Luxembourg a front dis patch said The initial impetus of the armor tipped nazi counter offensive had been checked although the front STILL was unstabilized Wednesday night The nazi smash to the vicinity of Stnvclot had carried to within 22 miles of Liege and bore one of the sharpest dangers to the first army front Monschau is at the upper edge of the nazis breakthrough corri dor Heavy battles apparently still raged Wednesday around Stave lot 20 miles inside Belgium St Vith II miles to the southeast and Malmedy 5 miles northeast of ca JluriUcaSl OI bn for post graduate study He 3 biggest road hubs practiced here from 1001 to 1940 in Bclfniims eastern buiseT when ha rnfirprT a when he retired Dr Bowen was a pioneer ID the use of Xray and radium and ori ginated a method of treating hip fractures He performed more than 10000 operations He was a charter member of the American College Surgeons and Radiolo gy Society of North America Surviving are his wife a son Harold K Bowen and a daughter Mrs R W Ingharh Composer of My Blue Heaven Free on Bail Beverly Hills Cat Donaldson composer of My Blue Heaven Wodncsdiy was free on bail following his arrest on charges of cashing worthless checks at several cocktail bars Donaldson who made a war weary nation dream in the twenties was short S159 on his drinking bill po lice said Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy A front dispatch said Monschau 1C miles southeast of Aachen was retaken after German units which entered the town were sur rounded Monschau was a focal point of one of 4 German drives Stavelot and St Vith where some American troops were pock eted at last reports still were in U S hands While the German assault had lost its first speed there was no reason lo suppose the enemy may not have made still further gains beyond his 4 initial penetrations of fl to 20 miles into Belgium and Luxembourg But by now LtGcn Courtney II Hodges armor and infantry hail been thrown into the breach and the Germans were running into a stiffcr battle every hour A CBS frontline broadcast re ported the first straight indica tion that at some points the tide of battle is beginning to change in our tha favor The broadcast said at several points the Ger mans made no progress Wednes day and one of the German spearheads was pushed back sev Commander of British Pacific Fleet Confers With Admiral Nimitz Pear Harbor Sir Bruce Eraser commander in chief of the British Pacific fleet was here Wednesday for a scries rr conferences with Adm Chester W Nirriitz presumably on strategy for coordinated action against Japan Frascr accompanied by a staff ot high ranking officers arrived from Australia where his fleet recently was based fore shadowing the first real British naval participation in the war in the Pacific The extent of British participa tion and thekinds of units in volved in the transfer of a sec tion of the royal navy to the Pa cific were military secrets but Frasers arrival was regarded as opening the way for the 4 fleets to apply a massive naval pincers on Japan The fleets under Nimilzs com mand include besides Frasers Adm William F Halscys 3rd fleet Adm Raymond A Spru ances 5th fleet and Adm Thomas C Kinkaids 7th WJ AARLAUURN SAA GERMANYS OFFENSIVE ON THE WESTERN FRONT from swastika locate attacks in the largescale tretman offensive on the western front heavy line American 1st army troops were reported striking back Out both enemy and allied commands imposed a blackout on details of the action To the south the U S 3rd and 7th armies made slight gains i
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