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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 8, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OEPARTMCNT H i THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHftORS VOL Associated Pro iild United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents a Cbpiyf MASON CITV IOWA FRIDAY DECEMBER 8 1944 This Paper of Two NO 52 COMMONS BACKS CHURCHILL P Japs Admit Damage by Quake INSIST EXTENT OF DAMAGE TO ISLAND SMALL Report Tidal Waves Landslides Occur in Sea of Enshu Area By UNITED PEESS The Japanese admitted Friday that an earthquake described by British seismologists as even more violent than the 1923 Yokohama disaster that killed 100000 per sons rolled up huge tidal waves and loosed landslides Thursday across a 150 mile belt of central Japan extending through the teeming Tokyo area Alter withholdins all word cm tbetemWor for more than 34 hours the Tokyo radio finally broke its silence early Friday morning to announce that the most populous center of the Japa nese homeland had been nit Thursday alternoon The Tokyo broadcasts insisted however that only slight dam had been caused and that practically none of the capital dis tricts crowded war plants were affected The Japanese Domei news agency said the earthquake cen tered in the sea of Enshu about 100 miles southeast of Tokyo and reported that a great wall oE wat er rolled inland over the coastal areas ofShizuoka district Hood ing some houses Farther inland and extending up to the TokyoYokohama dis trict landslides caved in streets andhousesover awide area xDomeiisaidTbe agency carefully refrained fromi mentioning that Tokyo itself hadbeen damaged although its account indicated strongly that the capital was with in range of the shock Domei said the principal dis tricts convulsed by the earthquake included Hamamatsu Shi zuoka Nagano and their vicini ties lying to an arc extending around Tokyo from the southwest BRITISH TROOPS MOVE UP IN THE A misty rain and smoke from bursting shells blanket these British soldiers as thej move up along a muddy road dur ing the assault across the Wessen canal in the Netherlands Associated Press wirephoto Kayenay engraving Artillery Rips Factories of Saarbrucken to Pieces BULLETIN With TJ S 3rd Army ff FortDriant near aietz which success fully resisted attack several weeks ago fell to the Americans Friday BULLETIN With V S 3rd Army France Troops of the US 35th divi sion Friday crossed the Saar at 4 places 1 Inside Sarregaemines and 3 others to the southeast GeirGeorge Sf PattpnJr tack Friday a mile and a half Siegfried lirjevahd 8 milesdeep iriGermanys Saar valley r to west Seismologists at the powerful West B r o m w i eh observatory in England reported however that the shock coming ironically on the 3rd anniversary the sneak attack on Pearl Harbor was one of the most violent recorded thus far in the 20th century The West Bromwich instru ments recorded a tremendous shock that began at p m Thursday Tokyo starting somewhere in the Tuscarora Deep perhaps 100 miles off the coast of Japan For 6 hours afterward the en tire earth was reported trembling from the upheaval which ap peared to be ripping squarely across Honshu island Japans main island where more than 39000000 persons are jammed into one of the most denselypop ulated areas in the world 3 E Shaw seismologist at the West Bromwich observatory said the Japanese location of the shock center suggested strongly that Japan may have suffered even a greater catastrophe than the con vulsion that wiped out the entire port ofYokohama and three fifths of Tofiyo in 1923 Both cities were rebuilt with the aid of American funds after that disaster however and it was pointed out that in the recon struction process the Japanese took pains to erect as many steel and concrete earthquakeproof buildings as possible The 1923 shock which Shaw said was lighter than Thursdays was one of the great catastrophics of world historyIn the brief earthquake and the fire that burst out in its wake 99931 persons hilled and more than 700000 buildings were flattened in Tokyo Yokohama and the surrounding areas The Japanese islands studded with volcanoes and earth flaws have had an average of 1463 shocks annually for the past 30 years averaging 4 a day and kill ing about 20 persons daily over that period iiis 3rd army Long Toms and how itzers ripped to pieces its of Saarbrucken from 3 miles or so away The campaign was a month old Thursday and already had in validated the rich coal region which supplies the army with 10per cent of its iron and steel Infantry broadened their foothold across the Saar merging 3 original crossings into 2 strong bridegheads at Saarlaulern and Dillingen along a stretch where the whole east bank is built solidly with one little war indus try steel town after another A cavalry squadron extended its lines inside Forbach French rail town 3H miles south west of Saarbrucken Back in the heavily wooded hills behind the factory towns which the American assault has turned into battlegrounds are the great collieries and coke ovens whose 16500000 tons annual out put have been forging the metal for much of Hitlers lighting ma chine The allies penetrated into the Pachtener Buchwald woods north west of Saarlautern after cutting the railroad to Merzig in a pene ratipn of the stout Siegfried line The drive appeared to be gaining momentum Saarbrucken Saar capital of 135000 was suffering the fate of he ghost city of Aachen For the th consecutive day 3rd army 105s and 155s deluged its forests of factory chimneys with high ex plosives Texans of the SOth infantry penetrated the Siegfried line most Jeeply 3 miles north ol Saarlau tern The defense zone however their vich little arsenal valley of million population hundreds ot housands of whom are skilled ronmongers and coal miners continued evidences withdrawal on both here were of German vital flanks along the upper Rhine and the middle Roer oppo site Cologne To the north the Germans again cloaked their movements on the east tank of the Hoer with smoke screenson the U S 9tharmy front First army patrbls pushed tp the banktoitheUoodecWRoer bey oner the Hurtgeh forest village of Bergstein The weather was so bad that nigtit fighters were grounded To the south the allies jabbed down the Alsace plain to within 4 miles of Colmar where front dis patches said the Germans were fighting a rear guard action to ward the Rhine rail bridge at Brei sach 14 miles from U S 7th army vanguards Pressure for Postwar High Prices Feared Warning against pressure for high prices in the reconversion pe riod after the defeat of Germany Walter D Kline director of the Des Moines district office of price administration declared Friday that 1942 prices on new goods coming to market can in in most cases be made to yield the volume sales which make volume produc tion possible There will be determined pres sure for higher prices Kline said in an address before the Iowa State Vegetable Associa tion at the Hotel Hanford Friday This pressure can again send prices sky high building them up for the inevitable crash unless we prevent that disastrous movement by wise pricing policies now Saying that the greatest infla tion in the countrys history came after the last war Kline asserted that the greatest danger of infla tion will come this time with the defeat of Germany in that critical period of reconversion of industry to the manufacture of peacetime goods He said the OPA and many HardHeaded leaders of business and industry believed 1942 prices could do the job He said they would mean high steady wages and good profits too After the war we cannot go back to the production levels of 1940 Kline declared The de partment of commerce recently es timated that if in 1946 we were to go back to 1940 total production at 1940 hours of labor there would be 19000000 unemployed It would RECORD BLOWS OF B29S FALL Cheer Always Reached Goal in 19 Years be a cut of more than 30 per cent from our present level of produc He said it would be unlikely that Americans including 11000 000 returning servicemen would tolerate long any economic system is thick Maj Twaddles 95th Gen Harry L infantry across the river from Saarlautern also was beating against a fringe of Siegfried line pillboxes in the su burban towns Already the great blast lur naces of Dillingen Volklingen Neunkirchen of Saarbrucken now are as good as useless to Germany They drew their iron ore almost entirely from French Lorraine which now is virtually completely in allied hands The 2 greatest steel plants in the whole Saar valley are located in the eastern Saarbrnckcn su burb of Brebach and the western suburb of Burhach While the Germans sacrificed ATHENS REPORTS LESS FIGHTING Resistance of Greek Leftists Is Fading Athens continued in a much reduced scale in Ath ns Friday as Greek leftist re iistance faded before British pa rols spreading out from the cen er pfthe city in a steady rain Snipers were reported giving considerable trouble in some res dential quarters however and occasional bullets still whipped over the former royal palace in Constitution square where Greek civil police were holding rooftop Russian Newspapers Refrain From Comments on Trouble in Greece Moscow newspa pers have refrained from com menting on the Greek civil war although they continued Friday to quote British dispatches describ ing Maj Gen Ronald M Scobies efforts to crush the ELAS revolt No Russian has com mented since fighting started in Athens which did not provide reasonably full production with reasonably full employinerit at a high stand jiupd income There plSce for breakdown or lower standard of living in a nation able to spend a month for war he said Others on the Friday morning program which pertained to stor ing and selling of potatoes and other vegetables included E J Taintor Grand Forks N Dak who spoke on The Blowup Through System in the Red River Valley C L Fitch Ames on The Iowa Six Foot Bin System and C H Metzger Julesburg Colo on The Edgar Conduction System Mr Metzger also talked on ON IWO ISLAND Raid Designed to Neutralize Air Base Used Against Saipan Headquarters 21st Bomber Command Saipan Navy with all the ex plosives cavernous bomb bays could hold Saipanbased Super fortresses struck their heaviest blow of the warFriday with the Japanese airfield on Iwo island in the Volcanoes midway between the Marianas and Tokyo the prin cipal targets Colnidentally theheavy aerial assault came on the 3rd anniver sary of the enemys sneak raid on Pear Harbor It was the 5th at tack in strength for the Saipan based SuperfcVts ot the 21st bomber command but their first on Iwo an island shaped like a miniature South America A sizable force of B29s con ducted the raid which was de signed to neutralize and knock out for as long a time as possible the enemy airfield and installations on Iwo base for Japanese nuisance attacks against Saipan Preliminary reports from planes over the target indicated excellent bombing results were achieved Our purpose was to destroy am munition oil and gasoline dumps level and burn hangars repair shops administrative buildings and other installations kill enemy personnel and churn the runways and dispersal areas into unusable condition with penetrating bombs that gouge deep craters It was a raid which in terms of bomb tonnage dropped and planes KEF08TED IJ181J3 Cliit TfeeU Grace Evangelical Church 100 MotbtM P II SelleJ Fund 1000 Mjon City Fire Fillers Associa tion 300 Cronln Dexter Auxiliary ot United Spanish War Veterans 500 Fillmore Mlbel 100 T Pipe 1000 involved was the greatest in the history of the central Pacific air GOAL 51iUOOO SUM TET NEEDED H R 1 S T M A S Cheer as a Ma positions Nearly 1000 members of the The Keensburg Ton Crate Ex periment and The Development of Potato Growing in Colorado Chester F Gibbons Chicago buyer for the Northwest of the War Food Ad minis tra tion spoke on Price Support by Uncle Sam reviewing many of the regulations in effect regarding potatoes and other vegetables Concluding the morning session the Iowa Potato Committee of the Agricultural Adjustment Ad ministration met for thefirst time as a group on the platform be fore the members of the Iowa State Vegetable Growers asso ciation and discussed topics con cerning present and postwar aims The committee was formed at the suggestion ot Judge Marvin Superlorts flew ove Two at an altitude much lower than that flown in Tokyo raids and seem ingly dropped unending 10ton strings of bombs The fact that Iwo is only 750 miles north of Saipan permitted the sky giants to carry capacity loads Among the islands between Honshu and Saipan Iwo is the most important tactically and stra tegicallpy Although of volcanic origin it has only one high peak volanic cone named Suribachi Yama 600 feet high which forms the southwest ip the island In the central portion of the is land is the major Jap airfield triangular in shape with 3 run ways one of which is 4550 feet long Two minor fields lie to the north The fields are protected by heavy antiaircraft guns as well as lighter caliber automatic ack ack guns ELAS armed militia of the EAM i Jones head ol the war food ad uational liberation front had surrendered up to Friday morning to British forces The Paris radio reported with out confirmation that leftist forces vere in control of the Greek provinces of Thrace and Mace donia Greek hospitals arc working at top pressure patching up hun dreds of casualties including women and children as a result of the Athens fighting The international Red Cross and the British army medical services are rushing in drugs and hospital equipment British Red Crossmarked am bulances have been fired upon while bringing in wounded from both sides Some ambulance driv ers said however they had stopped where the ELAS had roadblocks and had been waved on after passing out cigarets One wounded E A M member said Why did the British bring in Papandrcou This nightmare would have been averted it an AngioAmericanRussian commis sion had come in and run the country until A couple of youngsters in civ ilian clothes 1 a Briton of 12 and the other an American who gave his name and address as Philip MacRipples of Campbell Ohio said they had been here through out the German occupation We lived together and scraped along the last 4 years said 17 year old MacRipples Both of us came over to Greece on a holiday to see parents and relatives and ministration A J Loveland chairman of the A A A for Iowa Others on the commit ee are John McLaughlin oC the state AAA Maurice OReilly ot he AAA Sam Kennedy Clear jake Leslie Hirt and Elmer Haas Forest City and C L Fitch Ames Storage loans machinery and building materials allotments and acreage control were discussed be ore the group adjourned for uncheon ot stuck started here w hen the war THE BATTLE ON THE imlicnte Ameri can drives on the Saar river front the communists are sine e without exception the Order ot Good rjfellows locally has contributed more to those in need than was asked Theres ev ery good reason for believing that this year will run true to form Thursdays first list of contribu tions put the drive off to a good start and the list of cash donations listed below represents a satisfac tory spurt in the direction ol the 51500 goal In making arrangements for the best possible use of the fund the Social league its adminis trator is greatly helped by early contributions If youre planning to give why not do it nosv And address it to Christmas Cheer Fund C lobeGazette Mason City Iowa GIVEN VOTE OF CONFIDENCE ON GREECE ITALY Prime Minister Says Intervention Made to Avert Gangster Rule London fighting mood Friday Prime Minister Churchill defended Britains intervention in Greece and won a re sounding 27930 vote of confi dence from the house of commons The 70 year old leader received his 9th vote of confidence after declaring that Britain had acted in Greece only to avert gangster rule He stood by the British gov ernments opposition to Count Carlo Sforza whom the Uni Slates has supported in the liuv ian government crisis His ire aroused by bitter left wing denunciations of his stand Churchill himself demanded the vote of confidence as justification for continuance of his policy Commons gave him that sup port He saidsuch action would mean that Britain will persist in this policy of clearing Athens and the Athens regions of all those who are rebels to the constituted authority in Greece But he made It abundantly clear that the policy was not designed for Greece alone that Britain stood committed to the right of a people to choose their government son City instituiu free election but that it would tion was estabnot tolerate a gang of men from lished 19 years the mountains o v e rthrowlng ago with a constitutional authority by vio goal That goal lence w a s Simultaneously with the vote and of confidence British Ambassador every year 8 Volunteer Firemen Charged With Arson New City N JP Eight thrillseeking members of volun1 tcer fire departments in and around Clarkstown Maunet and Spring Valley some of them high school students have been ar rested charged with 3rd degree arson They and others still to be questioned are accused having set some 60 woodland fires and 20 fires in buildings for the thrill of riding fire apparatus and fight ing the flames Prosecutor George V Dorscy said all those arrested had admitted participation in one or more fires BONG RECEIVES HIGHEST AWARD U S Top Air Ace Has Bagged 38 Enemy Craft Washington Richard I Bong the nations top airace with a total bag of 38 enemy planes has been awarded the congressional medal ot honor with the uar departments announcement that Bong had been given the na tions highest award came the re port that the 23 years old Poplar Wis farm boy had shot down 2 more Japanese planes Thursday in an engagement covering attacking American naval forces irj Ormoc bay The 2 additional planes brought Bongs total bag fo 38 The congressional medal brought to20 the total number ot awards the young flyer has received They include the distinguished service cross the silver star with oak leaf cluster the ditsinguished flying cross with 4 oak leaf clus ters and the air medal 11 oak leaf clusters IOWAN IS DIRECTOR Chicago M Nichols Webster City Iowa was elected director for the central states re gion at the National Association of County Agricultural agents Thursday Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Mostly cloudy with possible snow flurries Friday afternoon and Friday night Sat urday fair with little change in temperature lowest tempera tures Friday night in Mason City about 20 Mostly cloudy and some colder Friday night and Satur day minimum temperatures Saturday morning Northwest 14 all others 18 locally about 22 Minnesota Cloudy and colder Friday night and Saturday Snow flumes Friday night Lowest temperatures Friday night will range from 10 in ex treme north to 15 to 20 south portion IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 3i Minimum Thursday night 23 At 8 a m Friday 25 YEAR AGO Maximum 43 Minimum 25 Canadian Prime Minister Is Given Vote of Confidence Ottawa Canadian parliament gave Prime Minister W L MacKenzie King a decisive vote of confidence Friday in a move ini of ruffiansseeking to climb into dorsing his decision to seals of power without a vole Halifax announced in Washington that the American and British governments hadachieved anunr derstandirig on the Greekand the understanding further Fighting between leftwing forces and British troops was con tinuing in Athens even as Chuch ill spoke Upholding the use of tanks and troops against that leftwing forces in Greece Churchill said Britain acted to insure that gang sters did not descend from the mountains and install themselves with all their bloody terror and vigor in power As for American supported Count Carlo Storza Churchill told commons Britain simply did not trust Jiim nor would we put the slightest confidence in any gov ernment of which he is a domi nant member A move to name Sforza Italian Foreign Minister had brought British opposition and a blunt statement from Secretary of State Sletlinius that the United States did not oppose the longexiled count and furthermore the Italians to determine the course of their own government Churchill challenging the op position to a vote of confidence denied his government had broken any agreements with the United States on Italy As debate opened after Church 11 sat down Tom Driherg inde pendent charged the prime min ister with an unworthy piece of blackmail in throwing out this sort of a challenge Predicting Churchill would not be dismissed by this largely Ser vile house Dribcrg declared He says that we know where we are going I think he is going against world opinion The specilic issue was an amendment by Laborite Seymour Cocks calling upon the house to express regret that the recent speech by King George VI gave no assurance that British forces would not be used to disarm the friends democracy in Greece and other parts of Europe orto suppress these popular movements which have valorously assisted in the defeat ot the enemy If what Is called in this amend action of the friends of democracy cried Churchill scorn fully Is to be interperted as a carefully planned coup detat by murder gangs and by the iron rule troops for replacements in Europe and apparently burying the na tionsplitting conscription issue for the duration of the war The vote was 143 to 70 with nationalistic French Canada tra ditionally opposed to conscription for lighting overseas dividing to give the government a measure of support regarded as a personal triumph for the veteran prime minister After an eloquent plea for unity by King 21 members from the French speaking province of Quebec and from other French speaking constituencies abandoned the historic FrenchCanadian po sition and voted for the govern mcnt including the V 5 Quebec cabinet ministers Thirtysix Quc bee and other Frenchspeaking members voted against the gov ernment The vote ended a special ses sion of parliament which had run into its 13th day It climaxed a 38 day crisis over the conscrip tion issue Parliaments vote was on the governments motion that this house will aid the government in its policy of maintaining a vig orous war effort In particular it was approval of Kings decision to conscript from Canadas home army an initial 16000 men for service on the western front and in Italy ever having heen cast in their fa that is to masquerade 35 democracy I think the house be united in condemning H as a mockery Churchill bluntly declared Britain would not stand for a gang of men from the overthrowing constitutional au thority by violence in Greece Asserting British troops had to tight lettwingers there he chal lenged If I am to blame for this ac tion I will gladly accept dismissal of the house but if I am not dis missed make no mistake about it we shall persist in this policy of clearing Athens and the Athens regions of all those who are rcb
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