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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 4, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL LI One Mans Opinion A Rzdio Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO Mason CHy Sunday p m Amei Monday p m KHMO Hannibal Tuesday p in KSCJ Slonl City Wednesday p m WSU1 loir a City IVednesdar p m KICD Bpenctr Friday p m Iowas Chance to Catch Up Educationally evening shortly after my from Britain and France this fall I took an eve ning off for a rather careful read ing of the report turned in by the Iowa school code commission appointed by Goy B B Hicken looper on authority of a legisla tive resolution from the last gen eoral assembly This commentary will contain some of my reactions to that re port and the vastly important recommendations embraced by it for improving secondary schools in Iowa And here it might not be amiss for me to remind you that this feature is called One Mans Opinion Its that and only that Entirely aside from the spe cific items of content in the re port I was tremendously im pressed by the masterful presen tation Each major problem is dealt with in an orderly and log ical manner First theres the in troduction and definition of the problem then a statement of background then a delineation of the objectives and last a setting forth of the specific recommen dations report contained in a A about 110 pages is divided into two parts The first delves into the problems one by one and states the commissions well thought out legislative rec ommendations The second is given over to the series of pro posed legislative enactments de signed to put those recommenda tions into effect Each proposed bul can be considered separately by the legislature and appraised on its own merits No matter what happens to the report when it is laid before the next session of the Iowa state legislature Sen GW Hunt Fjlkader sndliis school code commission A L Doud Jr Robert Keir N D Mc Combs B S Moyle H K Peter son and Mrs Raymond have qualified for their states everlasting gratitude Theyve made a distinguished contribution to educational literature THE chapter headings in the report provide a rather re vealing index to the subject mat ter covered Among these are the following State administration schopls county administration of schools state support public education transportation of public school pupils retirement system re organization of school districts certification of teachers minimum salaries of teachers tenure pro tection for teachers education of adults special education of handicapped children vocational education adjustment of tax bur den on agricultural lands for general school purposes and fi nancing the state support pro gram IN the introduction tothe report as the foundation for the com misions whole study are listed these 10 shortcomings in Iowa secondary schools which have been pointed out again and again in previous investigations 1 Great inequality of educa tional opportunity due to several causes exists among the youth of Iowa 2 The methods of financial support of our schools are both inadequate and inequitable and are the chief cause of the in equality of educational opportu nity 3 The units of attendance and administration which were in herited from early pioneer days are much too small to be either efficient or economical 4 The academic and profes sional qualifications demanded of oar teachers are among the low est among the states of the union 5 Salaries paid to Iowas teach ers are much below the average for the U S 6 Teachers in Iowas public schools do not have the retire ment privileges and security of tenure which those in the major ity of states possess 7 The administration of our public schools particularly on the stale and county levels is in adequately staffed and financed 8 Only a small proportion of handicapped children are being provided with appropriate cial education 9 The curricula of most of our high schools are too narrow to serve the educational needs of the majority of our young people especially along vocational lines 10 Provisions for adult educa tion are inadequate to serve pres ent day needs Because the report adds the findings and recommendations ol these various investigations have been largely ignored and never at any time adopted in toto these Continoea an Z mstoay AND MASON CITY IOWA MONDAy DECEMBER 4 1944 Press United Press Full Leased raptr consuls ot Twu ScmonsSecllon Out ffQ 45 NAZIS CANT HALT SAAR DRIVE Armed Leftists Given 72 Hours to Quit Athens After Riots Causing 21 Deaths Athens Catsotas acting military governor o Athens gave armed formations of the leftist EAM 72 hours notice Monday to quit the area as a consequence of consequence of Sundays violent clashes Twentyone persons were killed and 140 injured in the clashes with police Sunday A general strike ordered by the EAM had the Greek capital in a tense grip Monday Numerous incidents developed into nightlong shooting Sunday night The ELAS the armed for mations the EAM seized 2 gov ernment police barracks at Pi raeus the port of Athens The streets of Piraeus were filled with striking clock workers armed with staves knives sticks and a few firearms They were parading and shouting slogans Apparently unorganized forma tions had taken up positions in air raid trenches with machine guns and had posted themselves in other points of vantage A semiprivate war between the ELAS and royalist bands raged in the Thesseum district of the capital ELAS besiegers worked their way over the top of Philoppos hill back of Thesseum which is near the Acropolis Monday morning From this position they were fir ing down into the Thesseum quar ter which faced attack from 3 sides The sound of rifle and ma chinegun fire could be heard al most continuously British troops surrounded and disarmed a column of 800 ELAS marching on Athens from the Thebes district Sunday night without a shot being fired head quarters of Maj Gen E M Sco bie British commander in Greece announced Britishs u p p o r t e d Premier George Papandreou charged the EAM faction with deliberately fomenting civil war out of the struggle to disarm the the armed rresistance formations of the Martial law was declaredin the city British tanks and armed parachutists patrolled he streets Greek and British planes circled low Athens was without electricity gas or communications The strike had been threatened earlier by the left wing EAM na tional liberation front after Greek police forces fired Sunday on the crowds of EAM demonstrators The developments intensified the crisis facing the premier who is attempting to reconstruct his cabinet folloxving Saturdays res ignation of 6 leftwing ministers The trouble began Sunday when Papandreou forbade an EAM dem onstration called in protest against his governments edict that all guerrillas be demobilized and dis decree that has brought about the resignation of the cab inet ministers British Sherman tanks and fully Past signs read ing British soldiers Let us choose our own government S embassy wit CHIANG ORDERS CHINATO RALLY TO NEW THREAT Takes Further Steps to Reorganize in Face of Army Political Crisis Chungking UR Generalissi mo Chiang KaiShek Monday took public cognizance of the ex tremely difficult military situa tion but called on China to rally and annihilate Japanese forces which have driven into Kweichow province a bare 200 miles from Chinas capital Faced with an explosive mili tary and political crisis Chiang took further steps to reorganize his government naming Foreign Minisler T V Saong brother of Mme Chiang KaiShek acting president of the executive Yuan a post which Chiang had held himself Chiang then summoned his new cabinet ministers and in an ad dress called upon China to rally against the Japanese The present war situation he said is extremely difficult but it is near the stage of final vic Chiang said that the military de velopments at the frorit including the dangerous penetration the Japanese ot Kwei chow pfovine e were withoutbur The enemy inside Kweicho 7 must be given a crushing blow ana completely annihilated he said The appointment of Soong came at a time when experienced ob servers in Chungking were pre dicting that the next 60 days war fare in China may be the most critical of the conflict with China facing the possibility of being knocked out as an effective land fighting force The two posts con currently The move was described official ly as a continuation of the process begun on Nov 20 when Chiang removed 6 cabinet ministers in cluding Kung who lost his fi nance ministry in that reshuffle Further changes also were re garded as possible in view of the franklyalarming situation created by the fastrolling Japanese offen sive in Kweichow province The influential independent criticized the national administra tion just prior to Mondays an nouncement demanding that Chiang reorganize his government from top to bottom and take direct command of his armies at the front Traffic Normal After Day of Ice Glaze on Local Streets in Mason City Bus company reporting buses running on schedule Early Sunday morning a sheet of ice covered North Iowa and made traveling next to impossible Sheriff Tim Phalen warned all motorists to stay off the high ways unless traveling was abso lutely necessary Bus service was called of until conditions improved and the main streets of the city were sanded The local company began operation of all buses about noon and continued through the re mainder of Sunday until mid night With snow falling Monday it made traveling easier on the high ways and both north and south bound buses pt the Jefferson Bus company arrived in Mason City on schedule Monday morning Sleet and rain which fell Sat urday night and early Sundnv amounted to 15 inches KGLO weather observatory reported More Drizzle in loica Predicted morning as usual company and thl Jefferson Des Mouies snow nd jce coated Iowa highways Monday making driving and walking hazardous and causing numerous minor accidents No relief was in sight the weather bureau forecasting more light rain or drizzle for the state Monday and Friday nigh and little change in temperature No fatal accidents were re ported from the weekend of pre cipitation much of which froze on sidewalks and roads as it fell The mercury hovered near the freez ing mark and was above freezing in some sections but the sleet and snow stayed frozen because the ground already was cold from last weeks snow Communication and transporta tion facilities were interrupted Sunday but near normal facilities had been restored Monday All buses and trains were operating but some were behind schedule The stale highway patrol re ported roads were slippery in all sections of the state and urged motorists to use ulmost caution Automobile collisions were com monplace and people were skid ding and falling wherever the ice had not been coaled with sand Cl ashes The slate highway commission issued this report on road condi tions at midmorning Central of DCS Mouies roads covered with ice In Des Moines vicinity and north ol city highways were clear of slush Northwest overcast and a light mist Roads icy in spots but may be normal by 10 a m Northeast overcast Two inches of snow on roads but not slippers overcast Highway 64 east orf Guthrie Cen ter icy Othersslushy skies snow on ground and roads slippery LONG TOMSBATTER JAPS AT ORMOCA battery of Long Toms 155 mm guns 2 shown belching fire and smoke hurl high explosive shells against the Japanese 10 miles distant The big guns scattered enemy reinforce fTl at islandin the Philippines Associated Press wirephoto Kayenay engraving Rip Tokyo Plane Plant WINDS SPREAD 8 LARGE FIRES Most of Musahina Works Believed to Be Ruined Washington A major por tion of the big Musashina air craft works in the western sub urbs of Tokyo was believed in smouldering ruins Monday fol lowing Sundays heavy attack by upwards of 100 B29 Superfor tresses Striking at the Japanese capital works for the 2nd timelaS days the giant raiders laid their bombs In perfect strings across rectangular factory buildings and saw g to JO fires burning as they headed back to their Saipan bases N e a rgale winds probably turned the fires into more than 1 conflagration The raid was considered one of the most if noi the most successful yet made by the 20th air force on Tokyo The attack came simultaneously with an admission by Premier Gen Kuniaki Koiso that the war situation was critical for Japan with her mosKurgent need an increase in planes arms and other material fighlin er power The B29s fighter opposition Into over heavy Tokyo Sunday and returning crews told of battling enemy planes for as long as 50 minutes at altitudes of up to 6 miles They told United Press War Correspondent Mac R Johnson at Saipan that single and twinengined fighters dived on them with blazing guns in groups of 3 and 6 But the crushing superiority of firepower of the hip 4engined bombers proved conclusive Four and perhaps 12 enemy fighters were destroyed while only 1 B29 was lost to fighter action over the target Antiaircraft fire was de scribed as moderate Tokyo ra d i o acknowledged the loss of 6 Japanese planes and boosted earlier claims ot 5 then 15 Superfortresses shot down to a final total of 21 The weather favored the B29s and they bombed visually from sunny skies One squadron re ported that 75 per cent of its bombs fell within the Musashina plant area The Musashina plant of the Na kajima aircraft works produces components for a number of dif ferent Japanese planes and is a key cog in Japans aircraft indus try Japanese broadcasts conceded that fires broke out at several places in Tokyo during the raid but asserted they were put under control through the efforts of our civilian air defense units In Hospital After Flicking Bit of Lint Santa Monica Cal ing a piece of lint put Policeman Alvin Corson in the hospital He flicked the lint from the trigger of his revolver It discharged wounding him in the leg 781 CASES REVEALED Des Moines A C director of the venereal disease division of the state de partment of health reported Sat urday that during the first 11 months of the year 781 persons had been located in Iowa who had venereal infections but did not know it He said the cases were lo cated by calling on persons listed as contacts by somebody known to be a venereal case 5 Railroads to Nazi Front Lines Lashed London rail arteries leedmg supplies to German front lines were smashed Monday by 1200 American heavy bombers escorted deep into western Ger many by more than 1000 fighters Headquarters said railroad yards and adjacent industrial installa tions at Kassel Mainz Giessen Soest and Bebra were targets of the heavy attack by British based Fortresses1 aiidLiberators of eighth afif ore e First groups returning reported German fighters failed to molest the bomber formations Heavy cloud obscured the target areas and bombing was by instrument Only one of the yards is on the at Mainz The others are far in the rear of German supply lines The Soest rail facili ties are 7 miles southeast of Hamm the reichs largest railroad center which has been hit heavily by the eighth in recent weeks U SSUBSliNK 20 JAP SHIPS Light Cruiser and Destroyer Included Washington m e r i c a u submarines have bagged 20 more Japanese ships including light cruiser and a destroyer Mondays announcement by the navy brought the overall total of Japanese ships sunk by United States undersea hunters to 874 Of that number 82 are warships In addition 37 including H combat ant ships arc listed as probably sunk The last previous report ot sub marine action was on Nov 25 when 27 enemy vessels were listed as destroyed including 2 combat ant ships A navy communique said these ships were sunk in Pacific and far cast One light cruiser onedestroyer 10 medium cargo vessels 1 me dium tanker 4 medium cargo transports 3 small cargo vessels These actions have not been an nounced inany previous navy de partment communique the state ment said Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Occasional light rain or drizzle Monday night Tues day cloudy and cooler with some light snow Lowest Monday night about 28 Iowa Bain and continued cool Monday night and Tuesday Shippers forecast Northwest 24 all others about 30 Minnesota Cloudy north occa sional light rains south portion Monday night Tuesday partly cloudy north and west light rain southeast Colder northeast and north central portion Monday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 37 Minimum Sunday night 31 At 8 a m Monday 31 VA inch precP10 inch YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday Minimum Saturday i At 8 a m Sunday 39 19 Precipitation 31 i 19 31 jg inches GREW IS NAMED STETTINIUS AIDE Chosen Undersecretary of State by F R Washington fl Joseph C Grew for 40 years a career diplo mat was nominated by President Roosevelt Monday to be undcr secretary of state SAYS DORSETS WIFE USED KNIFE Icaza Testifies in Jon Hall Nose Slashing Los Angeles Antonio Icaza testified Monday that he saw Bandleader Tommy Dorsevs pret ty wife slash the handsome nose ol Movie Actor Jon Hall with a G inch kitchen knife And with the same knife Allen Smiley cut the left shoulder Halls coat the Panamanian actor iryirjgltie Sentimental Gent lem an of Swing his wife Pat Dane and their friend Smiley on charges ot assaulting Hall Icaza pictured the DorseyHall conflict at the swingmasters apartment last Aug 5 as a transi ent alfair moving from the bal cony through the dining room and into the living room The actor nearly lost the tip of his nose in the battle Icaza testi fied last Friday that Dorsey hit Hall on the brow with a bottle At one point Superior Judge Arthur Crum admonished Prose cutor Edwin Myers Lets not gloss over this case get the details testimony important to the Icaza flown here from Panama to testify has filed a 540000 dam age suit against Dorsey for hurts he claims he suffered in the con flict 3 Flyers Parachute to Guthrie Center Farms Plane Goes On Guthrie Center fiv ers parachuted from an army bomber in distress and landed on In a general reoreanizalion of farms 12 miles northwest of here the state department top strata Sunday followingappointment of Edward R Steltinius Jr as secretary the chief executive announced the res ignations of 3 assistant secretaries and the appointments of 3 succcs The new men are Will t Clay ton Texas cotton factor1 who has been an assistant secretary of commerce and surplus property administrator Archibald Mac Leish librarian of congress and Nelson A Rockefeller coordina YANKS POURING TANKS AND MEN ACROSS BRIDGE Nazis Expected to Lash Out to Try to Phig Saarlautern Gap Paris army troops and tanks cleared all or Saar lautern west ofthe Saar river Monday and POURED ACROSS the captured bridge under scream ing shellfire from Siegfried line guns to deepentheir wedge into the section of the city east of the stream For 16 unbroken miles north west to Merzier the Americans stood on the west bank of the barrier river Progress continued it was said officially but details were withheld The Germans reflected their rising alarm at the menace to the rich Saar arsenal with a succes sion oC counterattacks None was in great force and none won back an inch of the cratered battlefield The reaction however under lined the likelihood that the Ger mans WOULD LASH OUT from their Siegfried line defenses with the fullest force possible in an at tempt to plug the Saarlautern gap Siegfried line artillery concen trated on the captured and intact bridge jnside Saarlautern 2nd city of the Saarland The U S 9th army still battled lor the sportground on the west ern outskirts ot Julich Roer river bastion guarding Cologne and ci ties of the Ruhr No crossing of the river into the main part of the town has been reported offi cially The first army pushed into the northern spurs of the Eifel moun tains southeast of captured Bran denberj toward Bergstein Anti alvcrarteunners ofthe credited nilh probably shoolinjr down 16 more of the 128 German planes straf ingiheir lines Sunday German broadcasts acknowl edged the loss of Selestat import ant road center 25 miles south west of Strasbourg The enemy said Americans who captured Sarre Union in Lorraine had been pushed out again All along the line the allies were fighting in either worsening weather or in weather which hardly could become worse The Germans opened the dikes on the lower Rhine in Holland south ot Arnhem spreading floods in the Canadian sector which threatened to engulf the island between the Rhine and its tributary the Waal American fighter bombers flew through intermittent showers and icing conditions on the northern flank In the south rains were be coming general again and clouds hung heavily at tree top levels The British 2nd army advanced almost a mile into the western suburbs of Venlo and completed mopping up the German bridge head west of the Maas river in that corner Holland The nazis destroyed the Maas bridge last week and the Tommies reached its ruined entrance Monday Other men of Marsha Mont lomerys 21st army group encoun One flyer was cut on the head tcred footdeep floods in the Arn another was bruised and the third hem and NijmeBen area opposite was not injured They were taken which the Canadian first army has to Anniihnii fnt 1 n4t itT to Audubon for treatment and an ambulance was sent from the Lincoln Nebr air base to return them there The flyers said they had been ordered to parachute when it was believed the plane was in trouble They said they believed the plane had been brought under control those who remained aboard flight tor of interAmeriran affairs i Wovrh rfP nues aer e o Associated Press photographer with the war still picture pool after the bomb blast Eddie entered Germany within gunshot of the northern end of the Sieg fried line al Kleve Americans ol the first and ninth army fought inside Julich and Linnich on the Roer river before Cologne and crept slowly and painfully toward the third bastion on that flooded stream Duren Four towns went down before those armies Sunday in one of historys most violent battles of attrition These were Indcn a bat tleground for a week although it had but 100 ruined houses Luch erbcrg Luchem and Brandcnberg The armies stood on the Roer lor 20 miles but at no place had that river 20 miles from Cologne at Duren been crossed Lt Gen Gcorcc S Pattons third army infantry fought deeper into venerable Saarlautern Some of the Germans encountered beyond the Saar river In the eastern part of that city of 32000 were mem bers of the hastily mustered home guards he Volksstrum The fortifications of the Sieg fried line are just beyond Saar lautern and the Saar river is like a moat protecting the pillboxes tank traps and artillery emplace ments The Germans had blown 4 other bridges spanning the Saar between Saarlautern and Merzig to the northwest Patton was at the Saar on a 16 mile front The battle was violent but the prize was immense The Saar produces 8 per cent of Ger j manys coal and 11 per cent of her iron and is the 3rd major center I of heavy industry in the reich following the Ruhr and sjiesia y
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