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Mason City Globe Gazette: Friday, November 24, 1944 - Page 1

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   Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 24, 1944, Mason City, Iowa                             NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT VOL LI Associated ftfss United ruU LeasedWires MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASOX CITY IOWA FRIDAY NOVEMBER 24 1914 FLEET Report Allies Cross Rhine at Strasbourg Nazis Win 2 Villages London advance units weie reported Fri day to have crossed the flooded Rhine east of Strasbourg which French and American troops had captured save for a small but pnyerfully defended bridgehead at the western end of the main bridge Field Marshal Gen Gerd von Rundstedt committed 10 or 12 divisions to the great battle of attrition on the soggy Cologne plain to the north and behind flame throwers and a drumfire artillery barrage drove the British 2nd army from the villages of Beeck and Hoven 3 miles northeast of Geilen kirchen The U S 9th army fighting for Julich on the brown and turbulent Roer river 25 miles from Cologne knocked out its 110th German tank in a 7day battle on the right flank of the British 2nd army front Tills Paper Consists ot Two SocllonsSectton One NO U Holland the British inched to within a mile and a half of Venlo the Dutch road center on the great bend of the Maas Meuse river Berlin asserted earlier in the day that the allies attempted futilely to seize one of the 3 Rhine bridges outside Strasbourg Alsatian city of 193000 connected by a 2mile canal to the Rhine The reported crossing of the and upper Rhine did not necessarily constitute the spear head of a major drive across the border stream Well over 40000 Germans have been captured by the six allied armies on the offensive in the cur rent campaign This swelled the total since Dday to around 700 000 men or almost 50 full strength divisions Counting killed and wounded total German casualties for theWew winter offensive were estimated at supreme headquarters at 160000 The famous French second ar mored divisioncommanded by Maj Gen Jacques Le Clerc crashed into Strasbourg Thursday alter an 18 mile advance and by noon had cleared the foe from all the narrow crooked streets in the western part the city By 4 p m the whole town was liberated except for the Rhine bridge approach 2 miles from ihe center ot Strasbourg It was heav ily mined stoutly defended and in tact Von Hundstedt massed his divi sions half of them tank outfits along a 25mile front on the Co logne plain from north of Geilen kirchen to the bloody Hurtgen for est and these werethe best the Germans could muster in western Europe They faced the massed and charging might of 3 allied armies the American first and ninth and the British second The battle was almost amphib ious Three days of rain left inches ot watef standing on the fields and the streams were well out of their banks and raging The resolute British backed on o high ground from Hoven and Beeck and there were reported standing firm Germans in the Strasbourg area were in the wildest disorder Roads leading east toward the Rhine were bumnerto biimper with American troops and materiel moving up iii the big push It was a 7th army show un der command oJ the Guadalcanal hero Lt Gen Alexander M Patch for the French 2nd arinor ed division was fighting as a unit of his 15th corps Between Strasbourg and the Cologne plain the U S 3rd army was having a harder fight in its big bulge east and southeast of Metz Its elements already were within heavy siege gun range of the great Saar steel and rail city of rn FR f hundred pound demoli tion bombs are lined up ready to be loaded into a B29 TOKYO Mighty Armada Flies From New Air Bases Set Up in Marianas BULLETIN Washington photographs showed fires burning in central Tokyo hours after Fridays B29 at tack There was smoke rising to great heights in the indus trial areas that were bombed the 20th air force announced Twentyfirst Bomber Command Saipan Amighty ARMADA of B29 Superfortresses blasted lokyo Friday with hundreds of tons of bombs open ing what Gen H H Arnold said was an attack which will be carried on relentlessly from the air un til the day of landsea invasion of Japans home islands An undisclosed number of Superforts roared from newlycompleted airbases here at dawn for the 3000 mile flight which marked the initial attack on Japans planes and its first bomber before it takes off from an advanced base in China Ihe bombs will be used for a raid on Japheld Formosa End Lend Aid With Saarbrucken less than 15 mile away Outside Metz itself 300 Germans held out hopelessly in bypassed fortress groups Significantof the fury of fight me in the morasse before Coloent dispatches from the 17 s firs army front told of a 400yard ad vance northeast of Weisweile near the Boer That Quarter mile was the larg est reported gain of the day bu it was made in the middle of th fortified west wall The British ii yielding Hoven and Beeck re treated a half mile Another counterattack w a launched against the 9th armj southwest of Linnich and 2 were nurled at thefirst in the Hurtgen forest southeast of Aachen Re suits were not disclosed Gen Le Clercs armor drive so swiftly and with such surprise into Strasbourg that the ancient cul tural religious and industrial citj escaped relatively undamaged Strasbourg most important center on the upper Rhine however was mder the big guns of the Siegfriec line across the river Strasbourg is 360 airline miles southwest of Berlin and beyond i ic the Rhine and the Siegfried for ifications the black forest and he rugged hills of Baden The jerman city of Karlsruhe a fre luent allied bombing objective lies 30 miles northnortheast in the Rhine valley A corridor 16 miles long and 12 wide leading to Strasbourg from Saverne was cleared out by Penn sylvanians of Maj Gen Ira T Wyches 79th infantry division and New York and New Jersey men of Maj Gen Robert L Spragins 44th infantry This permitted Gen Patch to throw virtually every thing he pleased up to the Rhine Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy r WESTERN FRONT DRIVESArrows indicate allied thrusts on the western front heavy line where olfennvea are under way in 3 sectors In northi 1 Ameri near JuHchOn the central secVor 2 the U S he toward Saarbrucken In me seatn S French entered Strasbourg on the Rhine Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Mostly cloudy and warmer Friday night Occasional rain Saturday All temperatures above freezing Iowa Increasing cloudiness and warmer Friday followed by oc casional rain Saturday Consid erably colder with rain changing to snow flurries west portion Saturday afternoon Fresh to strong winds Thursdays max imum 53 at Council Bluffs minimum 21 at Atlantic Minnesota Cloudy Friday night with occasional rain southwest and light snow north portion Warmer south portion Satur day moderate snow northwest end occasional rain south and east portions changing to snow southwest portion in afternoon west portion strong s Colder winds IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 51 Minimum Thursday night 31 At 8 a m Friday 32 YEAR AGO Maximum jfj Minimum j PARTNERSHIPS MUST GO AHEAD Says Present Program Combined War Supply Washington P res i d e nl Roosevelt told congress Friday tnat lendlease and reverse lend lease should end with tfie war The statement appeared to be a pointed reply to suggestions that some sort of lendlease assistance should be continued to Britain and possibly other allied nations even after both the European and Pa ific wars have ended Mr Roosevelt had previously called for continuation lend lease so long as Japan remains in the war Lendlease and reverse lend Britain Gave 4 Billion to Allies iri LendLease Help lease are a system of combined e war supply the chief executive should end with the war But the united na tions partnership must go on and must grow stronger This policy declaration wound up a letter by which the president transmitted to congress a detailed report of reverse lendlease from Britain The British put out a similar report a few hours earlier covering about the same statistics This showed that the united king dom had supplied up to June 30 this year munitions and other goods and services valued at S2 437DG2000 and that Australia New Zealand and India furnished S31 a grand total of S3 348127000 The United States has furnished o the united kingdom for the ame period ending June 30 a to tal of lendlease md to all the allies 528270351000 worth a total of But Mr Roosevelt urged that no compari ons be made on a dollar basis We are not loaning money un der lendlease he said We are not receiving payment under re verse lendlease Neither the monetary totals of he Jendlease aid we supply nor he totals of the reverse lend ease aid we receive are measures t the aid we have given or re eived in this war That could be measured only in terms of the otal contributions toward win ning victory of each of the united nations There are no statistical or monetary measurements for the value of courage skill and sacri ice in the face of death and de truction wrought by our common nemios The chief executive summed up his estimate of the value of Brit ins reverse lendlease contribu icns by saying that without it we would surely have been orced to delay the invasion of for many months wins Are Reported of War Philadelphia Edwin nd Joseph Heisler 21 year old wins who enlisted together went verseas together and were re orted missing on the same day ow are reported prisoners of war n Germany their family was in ormcd has given the allies lendlease aid amount ing to 54318592000 since the wa began a government report on mutual aid announced Friday Chief beneficiary hasbeen the United States which the year from July 1943 to June 1944 received from Britain alone 418920 worth and serv ices the report said In addition during that year alone British ships brought to the united kingdom more than 865000 uniformed Americans including 320500 carried on the Queen JIary and Queen Elizabeth Next to the United States the most aid was given 077828000 worth of goods dur ing the year including 1042 tanks Aid to other countries since the war began included China France up to June 1343 400000 Poland Greece Czechoslovakia Portugal Turkey Aid given American forces the report said included petroleum products worth 5235528000 air craft worth guns and ammunition worth and tanks and vehicles worth Other items listed as having been built especially for the Americans or turned over to them were 333 airfields barracks roads railways seaport facilities and hospitals with nearly 100000 beds In addition to nearly 000 worth of food provided United States troops in the united king dom the report said bulk food stuffs and raw materials amount ing to were shipped to the United States mainly from British colonies but paid for by England Included were 40000 tons of natural rubber largely from Ceylon The building program for air ports barracks and other quar ters was estimated to have em ployed over 100000 men In many cases it was declared united kingdom production met all the requirements of the United States forces It noted that spark plugs for certain types of Ameri can aircraft were wholly pro vided including 558500 used here and another 600000 shipped to America Businessmen Clear Snow From Deadwood Deadwood S D army of Deadwood business and profes sional men and high school boys armed with snow shovels cleared the streets of the 3foot layer of snow had baffled the city street thoroughfares for 10 das The snow had baffled the city street cleaning department because of manpower shortage andinade quate equipment Wednesday the loca businessmen volunteered their labor contributed wages for shovclers and donated trucks PHONE WORKERS BACK AT JOBS Widening Strike Is Brought to Sudden End Washington The nation breathed rclievedly into its tele phones Friday spared of a threat ened widespread strike that could have tied up its communications in wartime Telephone operators who had quit their jobs in 29 Ohio cities Washington and Detroit went back to their switchboards Sim ilar walkouts which had shown every sign of developing in New ork and elsewhere promptly ded The suddenness with which the strike ended Thursday night com pared with the speed with which it had grown It will be up to the war labor board now to adjust differences between the exstrikers their employers and their expressed targets operators brought in from outside and given living ex not received by M v Rosie ODonnell of Jamaica I year fd West Point football coach fche histmio Superforts Catch Japs by Surprise pense bonuses residents Up until late Thursday leaders of the union the National Tele phone Workers Federation had rebuffed WLB Then in the face of pros jects for government operation of the telephone companies they called the whole thing off Backingthe WLB also were such weapons as power to take away union security privileges as one board source in cit ing a west coast dispute where a union lost its closed shop pro vision for disregarding WLB or ders Union leaders said they an licipated fair treatment in a peaceable settlement they showed no signs of feeling they had lost in the contest to date Neither did they say there had been any promises exchanged A break in the situation which segan a week ago when operators left their jobs at Dayton Ohio came shortly after WLB referred the entire problem to Stabiliza tion Director Fred M Vinson a usual step before government seizure of strikebound facilities Robert G Pollock and Mrs Mary E Gannon presidents re spectively of the Ohio and Wash ngton affiliates of the union called for and got immediate termination of the strike The dispute centered over liv ng cost bonuses of paid outside workers brought to Day on and paid in addition to reg ular wages received by local em ployes Washington operators and hose elsewhere complained of similar payments to transferees also struck in sympathy Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy TwentyFirst U S Bomber Command Saipan American Superfortress raid on rokyoFridayappareritlytoorthe Japanese by SURPRISE said Brig Gen Emmett Rosie ODonnell Fnday night on returning from the attack on the Nippon capital JJie ffeneral said the Japanese offered no fighter resistance and that antiaircraft fire was meager and inaccurate We took them by surprise again said ODonnell of Ja maica N Y who led the sizable task force of B29s in their first attack against Tokyo industrial areas Certainly they werent up to meet us in their fighters and their nckacfc fire was meager and inac rurate It was one of the easiest missions Ive been on ODonne flew in the Daunt less Dottie piloted by Maj Rob ert Morgan of Asheville N Car which was the first plane over the Nakajima aircraft factory target Capt Walter R Young of Gush ing Okla piloting another Super fortress in the first formation over the target said his crew sighted several enemy fighters just as they reached the objective Everyone was too busy looking for aircraft to observe results of Ihe bombing however Young said he believed the Japanese were caught by surprise Second Lt Jack H Vetter of Corpus Chrisfi Tex said not more than 6 or 8 Japanese fighters were seen and none came close In tho same Plane Sgt W I jChaiman Panhandle Tex said he the plelty scared over the target although nothing much happened ASK FOR BUZZER Wilmington Del war workers want the city to in stall a buzzer and bell device at dangerous street intersections A petition to that effect was sent to the street and sewer departmnt led the historic daylight believed to be the LARGEST attack yet made on Japans home land The aerial task force was from the recently established 21st oomoer command of the 20th army air force operating from the Marianas under the command of S riie first use of these bases7 south and east of Tokyo creates a 2way aerial squeeze against Japans vrtal industries with First official announcements of Fridays raid merely said a six able task force of Superforts at tacked industrial targets in Tok yo Another communique was further details promised when were available the as sault 4 hours after its announce Estimate 100 Sky Giants Over Tokyo Washington hundred or more B29 Superfortresses of ficially opening a 2pronged air offensjvc to soften Japan for in vasion hombed Tokyo by daylight Friday and the enemy admitted and other important in stallations had been damaged Tokyo said the bombers attack ing in 10 or more groups were over the city for 2 hours ment in the United States said 70 Superforts hit the southern and northern outskirts of the capital early Friday afternoon Japanese time The broadcast heard by the federal communications commis sion claimed the B29s failed to attain any tangible results but residential sections including one hospital were slightly damaged H said 3 were shot down There was no allied confirmation tarjy reports gave no indica tion of the bomb loads carried But the army air forces revealed Thursday in Washington that a Superfortress can carry at least 10 of bombs Some B29 flights BOMB TOKYO FKOM MARIANASArrow in the above map shows the location of Tokyo which was bombedI bv Superfortresses flying from bases in the Marianas islands 1 i a i e y it t n It e   

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