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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 16, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY MO ARCHI OES HOINE3 I THE NEWSPAPER THAT VOL IX MAKES ALL NORTH 1OWANS NEIGHBORS Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cenls a Copy MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY NOVEMBER 16 1944 This Paper Consists ot Two Section One uonsisis 01 TWO Section One NO IS PEN MASS DRIVE ON WEST FRONT YANKS TIGHTEN ExSen Brookhart Dies in TRAP ON JAPS ON LEYTE ISLE Yanks Invade Mapia Islands North of Western New Guinea By LEONARD MILUMAN Associated Press War Editor The U S 6th army Thursday tightened a triangular trap on the cornered enemy in the Philippines while 900 miles to the rear Amer ican invasion forces seized the Mapia islands ina protective A small amphibious force Wed nesday overwhelmed meager re sistance in the Mapia landings 150 miles north of western Dutch New Guinea The invasion knocks out look out posts from which Japanese spotters warned that U S bomb ers were on the way from Biak In other oriental war theaters British submarines knocked off 24 more Japanese ships Australia formally announced the enemy threat ot invasion had vanished and Chungking expressed grow ing fears o an invasion of in terior China In the Philippines a double en velopment movement by the U S 24th division on northern Leyte island practically severed the prmoc road on northern Leyte island and trapped several thou sand Nipponese troops around Ti mon Gen Douglas Mac Arthur said The 24th is 14 miles north of Ormoc The advancing Tin division bloodily repulsed enemy coun terattacks at Balogo 10 miles south of Ormoc This is the closest American forces have come to the Nipponese stronghold JMrst cavalry and 96th infantry division elements pressed across the mountainous center14 miles east oE Ormoc Dismounted cavr alrymen who moun taineers on Leyte seized 3 more peaks PT boats anS Yank planes lash ed what shipping they could find in the bay west Ormoc While Yank troops were taking over the Dutchowned Mapia is lands Netherlands officials an nounced in Washington they would soon recruit an army of their own to liberate the rest of Dutch East Indies the Australiaannounced that 95per cent of its home guard the Australian volunteer defense corps would be placed on the reserve list since the threat of in vasion has been definitely re moved The London radio announced East African troops in southern Burma have seized Kalemyo an advanced Japanese base A bright spot in Chinas dark picture was the arrival Thursday of Donald M Nelson to help the recently created Chinese war pro duction board expand the nations industrial output Tokyo radio reported that Japa nese columns striking toward the interior Thursday overran the air port and walled city of Ishan 43 Wiles west of the fallen U S air center at Liuchonv Capture of Naiihsicnp 37 miles west of Liuchow was also claimed Ishan is on the liighwav to Kweichdw province which Chi nese spokesmen said is apparently liext on tlie Nipponese conquest list The Burma road linking Kum ming and Chungking runs through the province Maj Gen A C Wedemeyer new American commander in China said Japan is steadily re inforcing its very formidable ar ray of armed might in south China to meet the American in vasion threat He said the Japanese army is fairly wBll intect and well trained and equipped for the great bat tles of the war which will be fought on the Asiatic mainland Are Armed With Gluts When Stoking Furnace Timber Lake S Dak Whenever the Sam Williamsons venture down the basement to stoke the furnace at their farm home near here they go armed with clubs One morning last week Mrs Williamson discovered 5 rattlesnakes warming them selves in front of the furnace She killed 4 of the rattlers but 1 escaped unhurt Burlington Laundry Destroyed by Blaze Burlington White Star laundry here was razed by fire Wednesday night Cause of the blaze has not been determined Fire Chief R p Collatt said Thursday He estimated the loss at between 520000 and Arizona Iowa Rites Planned SMITH W BROOKHART RENAME BYRNES TO WAR POST Mobilization Director Confirmed by Senate Washington nomina tion of James F Byrnes for an additional 2 year term as director of war mobilization and recon version was confirmed by the sen ate Thursday Sen George OGa asked the senate to waive the customary committee consideration of the nomination and act at once His stand had the full support of Acting Minority Leader White RMaine The Byrnes nomination was sent to the senate by the president at Approval was unanimous He sent to the senate a nomina tion designating Byrnes for a fulf 2year term but it had been agreed previously that Byrnes would retain the office only until Germany is defeated Originally the war mobilization director planned to step out this week He agreed to remain after a conference with Mr Roosevelt following a trip by Byrnes to the European fighting fronts The president also nominated Brig Gen Frank T Hines as re training and reemployment ad ministrator for the war veterans program The veterans adminis trator already holds the retraining and reemployment post under an executive order Iowa the old family home Mrs Brookhart who died last Dec 30 is buried there The work in congress of Brook gained prominence for his constant championing of the American farmer and early advo cation of Russian vas praised Wednesday by 2 of Iowas representatives He rose to national prominence and high position in the U S sen ate through hard work and care ful attention to the needs of his constituents Ksaid Hep Martin R Hep Jensen R Iowa declared Brookhart was a man of deep conviction and a most patriotic American who always fought hard for what was right and best for his country Because of failing health Brook hart retired here at the home of a daughter Dr Florence B Yount in 1943 He became a patient at the U S veterans hospital in W nipple near here after the death of airs Brookhart but his condition did not become critical until a few hours before his death Survivors are 2 daughters Dr and Mrs Edith A Millard Philadelphia and 4 sons Lt Col Smith W Brookhart Jr Wash ington Charles E Brookhart a member of the American consu late staff in Calcutta India John R Brookhart Duluth Minn and Capt Joseph Brookhart U S air corps Clovis N Mex The former senator is also sur vived by 1 brother and 4 sisters all of Iowa They are Thompson L Brookhart Miss Delia Brook hart and Mrs Myrtle Poole all of Washington Mrs May Quinn Co lumbus Junction and Mrs Lil lian Dolman Pocatello Idaho A man of abstemious personal oils he boasted that he never took a drink in his life did not use tobacco and avoided all stim Jilants even lea and coffee Brookhart gained fame as a lib eral leader of the senatorial farm thusiasm for helping thefarmer led to occasional clashes with other leaders on how best to THOMSEN GIVES BERLIN REPORT German Minister to Sweden Called Home By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The German news agency DNB sent a flash in its overseas serv ice Thursday an announcement that Dr Hans Thomson German minister in Stockholm is in Ber lin to submit his report This emphasized recent tension between the German arid Swedish governments and recalled that Germany recently summoned to Berlin her envoys to neutral Por tugal and Spain and announced they would not return to the Iberian peninsula Thomson former counsellor of the German embassy in Washing ton in 1941 delivered the German declaration of war to the state de partment Report Sweden Ordered Nazi Agents to Leave Country Immediately New has ordered German agents to leave the coun try immediately BBC said Thurs day in a broadcast recorded by NBC Hears Noise in Closet and Summons Police Chicago Mrs Fran ces Sproul went upstairs in her room and heard a noise in a closet she dashed to the telephone and called police Detective John Stauffer gun in hand sneaked up the stairs flung open the closet door But the closet invader who had been mak ing the fuss darted out Nuts said Stauffer as he watched squirrel escape through a window to the roof achieve results He n his senatorial tenure 1922 and almost immediately associated himself with a group of senators interested in agricul ture who wielded much influence Filling out an unexpired term he was up for election in 1924 and lost But he returned to the sen ate after being elected in 1926 Defeated for reelection in 1932 he became a special trade adviser to Russia for the secretary of agri culture He was an early advo cate of Russian recognition The lowan held this post until 1936 when he sought unsuccess fully the republican senatorial nomination In that campaign he designated himself as the foe of the moneyed crowd and slock gamblers of Wall street Afterward Brookhart opened a law office in Washington D C and remained there until 1943 when he went to Arizona for his health Brookharts Independent action in the senate was reflected in his defeat when seeking reelection in 1R24 On the face of the returns he had a plurality of 755 over his democratic opponent Daniel F Stcck but the latter contested the election and a senate committee reversed the verdict giving Steck a plurality of 1500 The senate by a vote of 45 lo 41 then awarded the seat to Stcck Undaunted by the setback Sen ator Brookhart won the republi can nomination over the veteran Senator Albert B Cummins in 1926 and at the election was re turned to the senate by a plurality of more than 75000 Senator Brookhart was bom in a cabin on a farm in Scotland county Mo Feb 2 1869 the son of Abraham C and Cynthia Wild man Brookhart He was educated in country schools and attended for lii years high school and the Southern Iowa Normal school For 5 years he taught in country schools and high school mean while studying law in offices at Bloomfield and Keosauqua Iowa He was admitted to the bar in 1892 and began practice at Wash ington Iowa which had since been his home On June 22 1897 Senator Brookhart married Miss Jennie Hearne of Keosauqua They had 5 sons and 2 daughters The senator had a notable rec ord in the national gxiard of Iowa and the reserve corps having serv ed almost constinuously since 1894 and attaining the rank of colonel He was a lieutenant of infantry in the SpanishAmerican war and major of ordnance and lieutenant colonel of infantry in World war IJEn the latter the government took advantage of his ability as one of the best rifle shots in the country and assigned him as spe cial instructor in marksmanship for the 19th 34th and 83th di visions He also served as chief instructor in the small arms firing schools at Camp Perry Ohio and Camp Benniiig Ga CONFESSES SLAYINGPolice Officer Harry Donlan right eyes Otto Steve WIson 32 whom he arrested late Wednesday night a short distance from the hotel where the mutilated body of one of 2 women slain at Los Angeles was found Wilson confelsed both crimes Associated Press wirephoto Kayenay engraving comessea DotU f Confesses Killing 2 Women and Mutilating Their Bodies TLos Angeles Dapper Otto Steve Wilson 32 a modern Jack 2 attractive women and horribly passed away the time that between the 2 slayings attending a horror A traffic officer making a rou tine check of all persons in the area which had been surrounded by a cordon of police arrested Wilson in a bar a few doors from the hotel where one of the crimes had been committed The slashed pieces of the body of the first victim Mrs Virgie Lee Griffin 25 year old errant wife of a truck driver was found in a closet of a downtown hotel While police were investigating the bloodsplattered scene they were called to another hotel 3 blocks away where they found the similarly hacked body of Mrs Lillian Johnson 45 Wilson was reluctant to talk at first but later changed his mind and readily admitted the ghoulish acts Wilson said he met Mrs Griffin while he was wandering on the citys skidrow in search of love She propositioned me and we went to a hotel room She wanted more money I knocked her on the jaw and gotmad and cut her up At first I wanted to dispose of the body but decided I couldnt he said Attendants at the hotel identi fied Wilson as the man who with the young woman rented a room and registered as Mr and Mrs O S Wilson of Studeviile Ind When Wilson left the room he tipped the maid SI and told her his didnt want to be dis turbed Later the maid entered the room and found the body cut open from throat to pelvis one leg severed and her breasts slashed off After chatting with a hotel clerk Wilson said he left the building and because he liked hor ror motion pictures took in a showing of The Walking Dead Then Wilson said he met the other girl She didnt want any money I cut her up for cussedness he said Wilson a 6footer with wavy brown hair and a light mustache said he was a fry cook at Termi nal Island Cal He said he had been discharged from the navy in 1941 after serving 10 years as a pharmacists mate Yeah I know ail about that stuff he told police as they tested his clothing for bloodstains His fingerprintstallied with those in the 2 hotel rooms police said When he was picked up officers noted blood on the soles of his shoes and a splatter of blood on his mustache The 12inch carving knife used to hack Mrs Griffins body was found beside her body amid a pile of cigaret butts indicating the killer had idly smoked while contemplating his butchery Mrs Johnsons body had been mutilated by a razor blade found in the room An empty safety razor blade holder was found in his pocket Although at first it was thought the slayer had had sexual rela tions with Mrs Johnson a pre liminary examination by coron ers surgeon indicated not police V Booked on suspicion of mifrder Wilson was then Seine duesHoned for further details olthtgrue some crimesworse even than the famed Winnie Judo or Hick man murder cases here Detectives said they also would question him for possible connec tion with other unsolved murders in the area the most noted of which is that of pretty Georgette Bauerdorf the 20 year old New York heiress who was strangled and her nude body left floating in her waterfilled bath tub However detectives pointed out the differences in the crimes es pecially the fact that Miss Bauer dorf was not slashed or cut They said Vilson had denied he was implicated I dont know anything about it he said Police records showed that Wil son had been arrested in March 1S43 on suspicion of raping s woman in a downtown hotel a block from where the 2nd victim released when the was found He was woman refused to press charges Later he served a 9month jail sentence for burglary DEMO PLURALITY IN HOUSE 53 Complete Unofficial Roster Is Compiled Washington democratic house plurality of 53 members over republicans was shown Thursday in a complete unofficial roster compiled from the Nov 7 election The lineup in the new house convening Jan 3 barring the pos sibility that late soldier vote counts may switch some districts will be Democrats 243 Republicans 190 Progressive 1 American labor 1 This compares with the margin of 2 the democrats held over re publicans when they went into the election However the dem ocrats elected 3 additional mem bers to fill unexpired terms un til Jan 3 while 1 democrat has resigned The lineup now is 216 democrats and 212 republicans Provided soldier votes do not wipe out present leads in Mis souri and Pennsylvania the new senate will lineup this way Democrats 57 Republicans 38 Progressive 1 This would give the republi cans a net gain of 1 Of the 35 senate seats contested for the democrats apparently won 21 and the republicans 14 NOTED CONDUCTOR DIES London The death of Dr Paul Graener 72 well known German orchestral conductor composer and teacher was re ported by the Ger man radio END MYSTERY OF9THARMY Guessing Game Provided Headache for Germans Headjriiarters tfiselosure ITT S Isft EriropedJP a Thursday that the American 9th army is operating in the Germany HollandBelgium area ended a guessing game that must have given nazi intelligence one of its biggest headaches The 9th became operational in this theater in September but many possibly units of the seasoned 9th never hitherto had been committed in a major drive And the defenders of Germany still have to determine the mili tary power of the newest allied force hammering at the western gates 01 the reich Soon after the fall of Brest the German radio reported that the 9th was operating on the western front It was wrong The Germans later tried several fish ing expeditions but as incredible as it may seem the presence of the entire army on the front line apparently remained a secret The commander is lanky cada verous looking Lt Gen William Hood Simpson The nazis know of him only through his reputa tion as a wizard at military or ganization and onetime trouble shooter for the late Lt Gen Les ley McNair Some units of the 9th have been shifted to different armies 4 times since DDay as Gen Dwight D Eisenhower shuffled hs urits to defeat the German intelligence ef pinpointing the new Simpson is a soft spoken Texan who likes long walks and Lana Turner motion pictures for diver sion He is known in army circles as the doughboy general a firm advocate of thorough infantry tactics He otien has debated the issue of infantry vs tanks with his friend and classmate Lt Gen George S Palton Jr forts at army Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Cloudy and slightly colder Thursday night lowest temperatures in Mason City 28 Friday clearing and slightly warmer in the afternoon Iowa Fair and colder with freez ing temperature Thursday night Friday fair and a little warm er fresh winds becoming gentle to moderate Thursday night Shippers forecast Northwest 20 degrees Thursday night southwest and northeast 28 southeast 32 slightly higher in cities in the west portion Minnesota Fair and cold with freezing temperatures Thursday night Friday fair and a little warmer IN CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 43 Minimum Wednesday night 37 At 8 a m Thursday 37 Precipitation 10 inch YEAR AGO Maximum 27 Minimum 3 Precipitation trace Yanks Plunge Forward After Plane Fleets Rip German Defenses London AP The American first and 9tK armies paced by a 1700plane bombardment of Ger nwfteast of Aachen launched a MASSIVE OFFENSIVE into the Rhineland Thurs day T Gen Courtney H Hodges first army veterans sprang forward at 11 oclock as 1200 heavy bombers crashed their bombs on the Dureneschweiler arc from 4 to 6 miles ahead of the doughboy lines east and southeast of Aachen An hour and 45 minutes later the U S 9th army whose whereabouts had been a secret 2 months plunged into a new assault on the German homeland defenseSneaithe Dutch frontier and the entire 400 mile allied front from the marshy lowlands of Hol land to the Alps of Switzerland was in motion Dwlght D ALLOUT win ter At least 6 great allied armies were on the raaich n nYfiTr nlham Texas Bill Simpsons 9th army popped up at the German front door after being transferred manv miles across France Belgium and Holland and moved the lines of communication of several other armies Apparently it was attacking north of the U S 1st armvs Aachen sector or from the Nijmegen sector north of the British 2nd army where it would be in position to implement nortiZS InE t3 SWEEP AWAY the After a week of waiting for clear weather the Flyimr Fortresses and Liberators with nearly 500 fighters bumped the Germans with 4800 tons of bombs ahead of the 1st armv in a tactical assault similar to that which preceded the St Lo breakthrough in Normandy last July 25 and the offensive by Lt Gen George S Pattons 3rd army in the Metz 8 days Fragrrfen f a tion 15mile stretch of theCologne highway between Eschweiler and Duren ahead of the first array veterans of the St Lo break Most Bombs Are of 260 Pound Type Paris AEF the lull the doughboys had await ed this day in muddy foxholes and log cabins along the soaked front reminiscent of the pictures of trench warfare in World war T Striking Thursday in the man ner that heretofore heralded big scale ground offensives the For tresses and Liberators dumped an estimated 30000 fragmentation bombs on the German front line in the DurenEschweiler area on the road to Cologne The bombers going in directly ahead of the American troops helped mark out the German de fenses with their bursting bombs The bulk of their missiles were 260 pound bombs which exploded into small pieces of red hot metal showering the German foxholes gun batteries and pillboxes Returning airmen reported that the entire bombing area apparent ly was well blanketed and the whole region was left covered by smoke Col Joseph A Moller of Win netka 111 who led one formation of Fortresses described the bomb ing as air power beyond wing after unbroken chains of planes turning into the target area and showering down a solid rain of On the 3rd army front the Americans closed steadily against Mctz despite German counterat tacks south and west of the city which reclaimed Fort Hubert and Peltre AH along the front from Hol land to the Vosges the allies were pushing the Germans back toward the Rhine If they would stand and fight a knockout battle west of the Rhine might result but all signs pointed to a withdrawal The latest announcements were handled at supreme headquarters with the same dramatic tension marking the disclosure of the in vasion of Europe Correspondents had known what was coming for 9 days but were sworn to secrecy as the armies jumped off one by one Bells clanged through the cor ridors of the Hotel ScribeSHAEF press hastily summoned newsmen were told that Hodges had attacked Those flashes still were being filed when the news of Simpsons attack was read in the pressroom 51000 More lowans Pay State Income Tax DCS Moines stale tax commission reported that nearly 51000 more lowatis paid state in come taxes this year than last Ot the total more than 10000 were farmers The increase in returns how ever didnt bring a corresponding increase in revenue Last years average return was S2084 com pared with an average this year of S1852 The town average this year was the farm average through Antiaircraft positions gun batteries and other German defenses were showered The Americans have been hold ing positions in Stolberjabout 4 mites southwest of Eschweiler and in Hurlgen forest about fi miles southwest of Diireri Front line dispatches said Hodges had been withholding his attack for a week in order to have good bombing weather to accom pany his artillery barrage and in fantry assault nain sleet arid snow made tlie ground mushy Gen Eisenhowers other armies which had joined the assault one by one forced ahead on the flam ing front The British second army plunged lo within a mile of the Maas in Holland and captured Horn only 2 miles from the German bastion of Roermond 34 miles west of Dusseldorf on the Rhine The first French army which joined the array of offensives only Wednesday pushed forward on a 25mile front on both of the Doubs river to a point 11 miles southwest ot Bclfort in the gap just north of Switzerland Gen Pations third army tight ened its grip on Mctz from the north md also captured Morhange Lt Gen Sir Miles C Dempseys British forces riding in thick skinned converted armored ve hicles reached the town of Haclen only a mile from the Maas in a 3 mile advance and seized Roggel little over a mile from the Zig ca nal north of Roermond The British were hardly able lo keep pace with the retreating nazis and pushed into Nunhcm and Neer both north of Hoermond and about a mile from the Maas A sudden break north of Metz old Roman fortress which never has been taken by storm in mod ern times brought U S third army troops in their 8day old offensive to within a mile and a half of the northern outskirts of the city al though the Americans to the southeast and xvest gave ground slightly losing one fort and a vil lage North of McU near the Luxem bourg border the Americans astride the Maeinol line pushed forward another mile near Ewcndorf only 4 miles from the German frontier Below Mqlz the seventh army took Ste Pole 42 jniles from Strasbourg the closest the allies have yet come to that key crossing of the Rhine Lt Gen George S Pattons third army southeast of Metz captured Racrange a mile beyond Mor hange where doughboys were last reported in possession of two thirds of the town and clung to high ground in the forest of Bride and Koecking overlooking Dieuze and practically denying that road center to the Germans Tattons men were fighting off a scries of small counterattacks One such counterattack was just outside Bourgaltroff at the Up of
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