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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 4, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OCPARTUEKT OF HISTORY AND ARCHIVED KOINES THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL U Associated Press and United Press FuU Leased Wires Five Cents a Copy I MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY NOVEMBER 4 1944 Tills Paper Consists of Two One NO 23 NAZIS RETAKE VILLAGE NEAR AACHEN Climax in Campaigns Reached by Candidates VITAL RACES IN CONGRESS WILL BE DETERMINED 31 Governors Also to Be Elected With Tuesdays Balloting New York D Roosevelt and Thomas E Dewey bring their presidential campaigns to a climax Saturday night for the general election next Tuesday to determine the occupant of the white house for the next 4 years and the political complexion of the 9th congress There are 5 candidates for pres ident hundreds for congress and thousands upon thousands for state and local offices Thirtyone governors will be elected Tuesday Maine elected its governor last re votes for president next Tuesday with the other slates Of the 31 governorships in contest 12 are held by the dem ocrats States outside the south where democrats are serving and where republicans have more or less chance to make gains are Arizona Rhode Island Utah Indiana New Mexico North Da kota Tennessee and West Vir ginia The presidential candidatesand their nmning Qemo Franklin and Harry S Thomas E DeweyaridJ6hnW Bricker socialist Norman Thnm as and Darlington Hoopes social istlabor Edward A TIcchert and Aria A Albaugh prohibition Claude A Watson and Andrew Johnson This is a 4th term bid by Mr Roosevelt Four years ago he de feated the late Wendell L Will kie republican by 27243465 votes to 22304755 polling 55 per cent of the popular vote against 45 per cent for Willkie but win ning a landslide electoral vote decision 449 to 82 The popular vote is expected to be smaller and closer this year estimates of the total running from 40000000 well beyond 45 000000 compared with the ap proximately 50000000 cast in 1940 In a close election the ab sentee vote from the armed serv ices may be decisive and that fur ther complicates the situation In 11 states those absentee bal lots will be counted after elec tion day on dates varying with the states The final count is as late as Dec 7 in North Dakota The other 10 are California Colo rado Florida Maryland Missouri Nebraska Pennsylvania Rhode Island Utah and Washington A remark by Vice Presidential Candidate Truman has been taken as a challenge to the statesman ship of Sen David I Walsh sen ior member ot the democratic party in all New England Tru man called Wralsh an isolation ist under circumstances suggest ing that the senate would be bel ter off without him unless he changed his point ot view The remark may cost Mr Roosevelt Massachusetts 16 electoral votes As the campaign closes parly alignments in the congress are as follows Senate Democrats 48 republi cans 37 progressive 1 House Democrats 214 repub licans 210 progressives 2 farm Americanlabor 1 F R Charges Dewey to GOP Tries to Panic People Enroute 4o Boston With Presi dent Roosevelt IP President Roosevelt declared Saturday re publican orators are trying to Panic the American people by saying his reelection will destroy their insurance savings He called it a campaign of fear and said if will be rebuked by Tuesdays The president spoke from his train platform in Hartford Conn abandoning an earlier plan to ap pear in a park where he spoke during the 1936 and 1940 cam paignsThe talk was the 2nd of a 4speech campaign day in Con necticut and Massachusetts He will close the day with a major address in Bostons Fenway Park Saturday night Before coming to Hartford the president t o J d a Bridgeport Conn stationcrowd he would not talk about Thomas E Dewey the way hed like to because I try to think I am a Christian He didnt mention Deweys name identify ing him only as my opponent At and in surance president said republican orators are making a deliberate attempt to panic the American people by saying that unless this administration is re moved from office the insurance policies ofthe people of the United States will be worthless They tried the same thing In 1932 and 1936 he said adding That type of campaign has been rebnikea by the American people at the polls it will again Calling the republican party the party of inflation Ml Hoose velt said time and again the re publicans in the congress votec overwhelmingly against price con trol and in favor of letting prices go skyrocketing their the republicans way al of had hac farmers white collar workers factor all would have ha our dollars cut down by inflation and higher living costs He will close the oneday ton with a speech in Bostons Fenway park at 8 p m Central Wa Time Saturday night The ad dress expected to be the capston of his 1 campaign speeches wil have the widest radio coverage o any 4thterm talk NBC CBS am the Blue networks Before his later afternoon arriv al in Boston Mr Roosevelt schedule called for brief talks i Bridgeport Conn at 9 a m Hart ford at noon and Springfield Mass around 1 p m The trai will long pause at Worcester Mass enough to pick up Senate erIabor 1 vacant 7 There will be 36 senatorial con tests Tuesday one of them for a short term from Indiana which expires on Jan 3 1945 and there Tore is of no significance That Indiana seat represents a demo cratic vacancy There are in ad dition 22 democratic seats and 13 republican seats at stake next week one of the former and 2 of the latter being for short terms which will continue for several years The remaining 32 contests are for full 6 year terms OPA INTERVENES Motitrose Cal office of price administration has inter vened to prevent voters from tramping in and out of Lt B M Garretts front room next Tues day The OPA ruled his landlady could not rent the room as a poll ing place without violating regu lations against double renting Give Talk n New York Albany N Y Two months f active campaigning and 20000 liles of traveling take Gov homas E Dewey into New York itys Madison Square Garden aturday night with a theme that republican presidential nomi ee has hammered at the Its time for a change Deweys talk will be broadcast t by CBS and NBC Reviewing a little more than 8 veeks of accelerated appeals for upport that began in Philadel hia Sept 7 the governor is ex ected to call again for a house leaning in Washington in his inal speaking appearance before icxt Tuesdays voting He will wind up his campaign vith a nationwide broadcast from he executive mansion Monday lit before returning Jo New York City to vote Indications in the Dewey camp vere that the candidate would pull no punches in what has be continuous attack on Roosevelts handling come his resident not only of domestic but foreign problems and upon what the gov ernor has called the subversive elements he contends are attempt ng to take over the democratic party The GOP nominees supporters ooked for a reiteration of the ioreign policies he covered broad y at Minneapolis and Louisville as well as Philosophy a restatement of the of government out David I Walsh wh announced he was joining th party at the presidents invitation The trip took the president int the home district of one of hi sharpest congressional critics Rep Claire Boothe Luce RConn who is campaigning for a secon term It was the presidents third an last political trip of the campaign His previous tours took him 1 New York 2 weeks ago and Phi adelphia and Chicago last week After Saturday nights Bosto speech the president wilt go I his home at Hyde Park N Y for a Sunday rest before making his traditional electioneve tour ot neighboring communities in the Hudson valley He will close the campaign with a getoutlhevole speech at Poughkeepsie N Y laie Monday Before leaving Washington the president called upon employers to give their workers time off to vote Tuesday and declared I ask that any employe who is not allowed enough time to vote inform me of the circumstances together with the name of his com Jned in what he considers his most constructive at San Francisco Dewey has pledged coopcra lion with other nations for the formation of an international se curity organization insisting that there must be cooperation be tween the executive and legisla tive departments to obtain ap proval of the right kind of peace At San Francisco he said there must be some degree of govern ment intervention in the economic life of the country but declared no short cuts evolved in gov ernment bureaus would solve this basic problem With President Roosevelt cam paigning in Connecticut and Mas sachusetts Dewey resisted ap peals from some of the party leaders that he barnstorm into either Connecticut or New Jersey The republican strategists feel one of them said that the election was set nearly 2 weeks the bulk of the people then had made up their minds whether they were going to vote for or against a 4th term Despite this Dewey went into Maryland Thursday for a crack at that states 8 electoral votes and on into the anthracite coal regions of Pennsylvania Gov Edward Martin thought this last minute drive had helped the republicans in their attempts to carry Pennsylvania where both sides privately arc reported figuring the result a fossup But New Yorks 47 electoral votes still offer the richest prize and Dewey hopes in his own home territory to help tilt the scales in his favor with Saturdays address pany facts and any other pertinent In appealing for a large indus trial vote Mr Roosevelt said the mandate of the election should be as representative of the whole people as possible irrespective of whom thy vote lor The president left Washington with assurances that Senator Car ter Glass is on his side lor the 4th a con troversy that had raged over the election sympathies of the senate veteran Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Sailor 5 Others in Bridal Party Killed Kankakec 111 vas the day James G McGinnis dreamed about for 13 months while he served overseas with the U S navy This was the day the 23 year old Chicago sailor was to marry Ethel Residori 22 at her home at South Wilmington 111 But McGinnis who survived the invasion of France and his bride tobe and 4 other members of the bridal party were dead killed Friday night when the car in which they were riding crashed into a parked trailer truck 4 miles north of Kankakee Three other persons were injured seriously in the crash REDS AT EDGE OF BUDAPEST IN SWIFT THRUSTS Fate of Hungarian Capital May Be Decided Within Next 72 Hours Moscow UW Soviet armored spearheads smashed through dis integrating enemy lines into the southeastern outskirts Buda pest Saturday and the fate of Germanys last satellite capital well may be decided in the next 72 hours A British exchange telegraph dispatch from Moscow said street fighting was expected to start momentarily in Budapest AH signs indicated that Hun garian resistance had collapsed completely below the capita de spite frantic enemy efforts to re inforce the lines with all avail able reserves security units and rear area units Front dispatches said the entire German Hungarian army group between the Danube and the Tisza rivers southeast of Budapest hac been shattered and broken up into Isolated units with only a few escaping toward the capital The decisive victory would ap pear to leave the Russians a bare and open road into the heart o Budapest However it was pos sible that the capital has an inner fortified zone that will have to be cracked before the city can be occupied Cossack motorized and armore patrols from Marshal Hodion Y Malinovskys 2nd Ukrainian army stabbed into the southern out skirts of Pest eastern half of thi sprawling capital athwart th Danube after a swift 7mile ad vancefrom Alsonemecii capturec y Behind the spearheads stretche a trail of wrecked enemy equip ment and isolated remnants of th German Hungarian army grov smashed up in the last 4 days o fighting The situation inside Budapes was obscure A sensational Mos cow dispatch published in Lon don said a revolution ha broken out in Budapest whil Istanbul reported mass peac demonstrations in the citv Radi Budapest itself acknowledged th city was jittery and called on th people to ignore false rumors Population of City 1115000 By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Besieged Budapest with a popi lation of 1115000 capita ar chief city of Hungary straddk the wide Dpnube rwer and in eludes the former towns of Buda and OBuda on the right west bank and Pest together with Ko banya on the left OBuda was a Roman empire outpost until 376 A D when it fell before the assault of barbar ians Towards the close of the 9th century the Magyar invaders found Slavonic settlements on both the present sites of Buda and Pest Modern Buda was founded In 1247 It became the capital of Hungary in 1361 and in 1872 Buda and Pest which had developed rapidly as a commerce center were joined into one municipality Budapest which became the po litical commercial and intellec tual center of Hungary Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy FOXHOLE VOTING BOOTH IN Toribio Granada left of Topeka Kans marks his war ballot in a foxhole near the front in Italy whife Pvt Francis Madden Chi cago awaits his turn to vote in national and local elections Associated Press wirephoto Kayenay engraving Japs Lose 34 Planes and 3 Ships Leyte Drive Slowed By LEONARD MILL1MAN Associated Press War Editor Widespread strikes by opposing aerial forces cost the Japanese 34 planes and 3 ships and damaged an unspecified number of U S war ships Pacific communiques disclosed Saturday as American ground forces consolidated positions for final trircdrnered drive on west ern TTlpparent slbwirigTlown of Phil1 ippines ground action exemplified a prediction ol Vice Adm Marc A Mitscher that the gigantic supply problem would soon force the Pa cific war into low gear MHscher said his task force 58 has cut Japan down to a 5th rate naval power practically elimi nated imperial naval aviation and left Japan vulnerable to at tack but before pushing on Amer ican forces need a lot more ship pin than we have available now Landbased Japanese planes extending their raids in the West ern Pacific damaged several ships in a 3rd fleet carrier group made their first counterstrike against U S air bases in the Marianaso and caused some damage in night har assing raids on Leyte Ten Nip ponese dive bombers and fight ers were shot down by the car rier group and 3 at Snipnn in the Marianas If You Can Next Tuesday Vote as early as you can in Tuesdays general election County Auditor Arthur Harris urged vot ers Saturday The auditor ex plained that while all polling ilaces in the county are equippec vith enough voting machines to landle the vote if it is fairly even y divided a crush will develop f a large proportion of voters war until evening Some voters will of course find it impossible to ge the polls during the day bu hose who can vote early fine t to their advantage to do so he said Polls in Mason City open at 7 a m and close at 8 p m In he the hours are 8 a in to 8 p m Most planes ot the other Nipponese destroyed were bagged Jack Miner Owner of Bird Sanctuary Dies Kingsvillc Ont Jack Miner 79 naturalist and owner of a world famous bird sanctuary and internationally known author and lecturer on birds died Friday night Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and continued cold Saturday night Lowest temperature Mason City 20 Sunday increasing cloudiness and continued cold Iowa Generally fair and contin ued cold Saturday and Satur day night Sunday increasing cloudiness and not quite so cold Minnesota Considerable cloudi ness Saturday night and Sunday continued cold Saturday night not quite so cold Sunday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Friday 46 Minimum Friday night 20 At 8 a m Saturday 27 The mercury dipped to the low est mark this season when it dipped to 20 Friday night YEAR AGO over the Philippines Two trans ports were sunk in a convoy bringing reinforcements to Leyte Pilots of the crack 49th fighter group which has destroyed 530 planes knocked 2 tanks and 30 trucks out of a motor convoy moving to north Leyte U S forces on northern Leyte advanced to within a mile of Pin ampoan where the road turns south toward Ormoc last enemy leld port Tokyo radio reported 30 Super orls escorted by about 70 smaller bombers and fighters made Fri days attack on Burmas Rangoon airfield and suburbs Lt Gen Sir Oliver W H Leese commander of the British 8th army in Italy was named to com mand the newly organized llth army group in southeast Asia American and Chinese troops in NTorth Burma until lately directed by Gen Joseph W Stilwell are part of the llth army group Leese succeeds Gen Sir George The 5th Indian division operat ing in southeast Burma clearec Japanese from 12 miles of roac southeast of Tiddim and launchec a 3pronged attack on a bottle neck holding up their drive to ward Ft White Maximum Minimum 53 28 SYNTHETIC OIL PLANTS LASHED 1100 Bombers and 800 Fighters Attack London U S Eth a force staged a rflass attack o German synthetic oil Industrie and railways Saturday with mor than 1100 bombers and 800 fight ers fanning out over targets from Hamburg to Saarbrucken One force attacked oil plants and refineries in the twin cities of HamburgHarberg Another hit an oil plant at Gel senkirchen in the Huhr A 3rd blasted military objec tives in the Hanover region and a 4th flew southeast of Luxem bourg against the railroad yards at Saarbrucken The big daylight operation fol lowed the 6th Mosquito raid on Berlin in 9 nishts NAZIS CLEARED FROM GREECE RAF Unable to Find Any Traces of Nazis Rome Germanshav DBen completely cleaved from Greeceallied headquarters an nouhced Saturday RAF pilots on reconnaissanc nights reported they were unab to find anr traces of nazis wli occupied the country early 1941 The Germans seeking to escap Lhe closing allied trap have bee Fleeing into Serbia and Albania In the last 24 hours small enem columns were seen in the vicinit of Lake Prespa just across th Ireek border in Albania We believe German rear guards went over into Serb Thursday night an RAF office said In their retreat up the Varda valley toward the Serbian city Skoplje the Germans blew u many road and rail bridges 1n a effort to delay the pursuing Bri ish A communique from Marsha Titos Yugoslav partisan head quarters said the patriots we besieging Bitolj 13 miles the Greek border and Skoplje 70 miles farther north A German broadcast said nazi forces had evacuated the port of nn t YANKS FORCED BACK FOR HALF MILE IN FIGHT Local Gains Scored Elsewhere by Americans Along 500 Mile Front London counter attacks supported by tanks re aptured the village oE Schmidt 5 miles southeast of Aachen Saturday and forced American roops to fall back a half mile to he west The town was lost during a day of bitter but local enemy counterblows all through the area where doughboys had pushed hrough forest lands toward the ologne plain Americans seized Schmidt Fri day They knocked back one Ger nan infantry assault but gave way before a 2nd one spear leaded by tanks Late Saturday a 3rd German at tack behind 10 tanks hit the first army lines northwest of Schmidt At least 7 enemy tanks were wrecked in the Schmidt sector Despite the nazi comeback the Americans maintained and strengthened their positions at Vossenack and a light German at tack near Hurtgen was broken In the Schmidt area the first army had thrust within 1000 yards of the Koer river the next and hardest enemy barrier on the way to the Rhine 28 miles to the east To the northwest in Holland Polish American and British troops pushed closer toward the Maas river and stored within 3 miles of the Moerdjfc bridge main escape span for enemy rear guards Local gains were scored else where along the 300 Jnilev front German resistance was greatest in the American plunge beyond Aachen Having rolled beyond he thick est forests in this area the Ameri cans were advancing against hastily dug defenses and natural which Ameri can officers believe MAY BE TOUGHER to crack than the breached concrete and steel belt of the Siegfried line The assault was on a limited scale on a front of a little over 4000 yards But in the first 2 days of the drive the Americans made gains totaling almost 4 miles U Gen Courtney H Hodges infantry apparently was shoulder ing its way up to a jumpoff Hne on the Koer out of the forest belt and onto the edge of the Cologne Plain where every hour would be one of grim menace to the German armys uneasy line In the Maas Meuse river bulge of eastern Holland American roops swarmed over the south Valona on the Albanian coast and had moved to strong bar rier positions in northern Albania to protect the road to Scutari which is under constant threat from bolshevist forces Scutari is in extreme northern Albania The Germans said nazi troops were fighting communist ele ments which had infiltrated into Tirana capital of Albania Report Kesselring Was Very Seriously Hurt Bern Switzerland tP The Gazette De Laussane reported Saturday in a dispatch from the Italian frontier that Field Marshal Gen Albert Kesselring German commander in Italy had been very seriously wounded requir ing long hospitalization Informa tion from Italy on Thursday said Kesselring was wounded when his automobile overturned near Bologna after being machine gunned by an allied plane Just a Reminder Any political advertising which seems to the man agement of the GlobeGa zette to raiie new issues will not be accepted for our Monday editions except with the understanding that it may be shown to the oppoting party or parties for reply in the same paper if desired This is a rule of long standing and ttiis is merely a re minder of it Wallace Declares New York Is Close Has Stumped State New York President Henry A Wallace who has stumped New York state from Manhattan to Buffalo summed up Saturday New York is close He admitted that his bid to put New Yorks 47 electoral votes in the democratic column was at the behest of President Rooscvcll himself Otherwise I would have spcr this last campaign week in the middle west he told an over flow crowd in Brooklyns acad emy of music Friday night The New York Daily News said its statewide straw poll and re poll for all practical purposes indicate a tie with final verdict Tuesday to be determined by the unknown and unsamplcd soldier vote Members of the state war bal lot commission disclosed Friday that 403117 service votes had been received The deadline for receipt of Monday war ballots is noon REPORT TITO WOUNDED London A German short wave propaganda broadcast heard Saturday by the Associated Press said Marshal Tito had been wounded by Serbian nationalists Willems canal above Nederweert and drove the enemy back 4000 yards capturing Qspel and reach ng the vicinity of Groenwood in thrusts toward the German border at Venlo Tn western Holland American Polish and British troops drove 2 miles deeper into the dwindling German bridgehead below the Maas and its seaward arm the Hollandsch Diep Resistance south of the Maas slackened Friday and a spokes man Tor the allied 21st armv group said he ENEMY WAS PULLING BACK his transport jamming the roads The allies entered the own of Fijnaarl across the canal which forms a continuation of the Mark river and were 4 miles south of Willcmstad a ferry terminal on the Ilollandsch Dicp A few miles to the west he battle for the approaches to the Moerdijk bridge north of Breda appeared to be entering its final stages The allied communique reported the bridgeheads over the Mark river were being extended in spite of heavy opposition The Polish and American Bridgeheads northwest of Ooster hout once knocked out by the enemy were reestablished arid have now been consolidated in a single attack gaining ground to ward Moerdijk The Poles ad vanced 2 miles and captured Den Hout a front dispatch said The 3rd bridgehead north of Ouden bosch has been widened and deepened the communique de clared A German broadcast predicted that the allies would launch a 3 way assault hitting out in Hol land in the Aachen area and in Lorraine Declaring that allied operations were 4 weeks behind schedule since the defeat of Arn hem the enemy broadcast said The greatest battle of this war FINAL will flare up very shortly It will not be easy for us but G Nebraska Iowa FINAL Indiana Ohio State FINAL Notre Dame Navy Mich FINAL FINAL Oklahoma Iowa State
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