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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 26, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COUP or HltTOftY MIO ARCH JIOINCS I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH iOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL U Associated PKU and United Pncs ruil leased Five Cento a Copy MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY OCTOBER 26 19U Consists ot Two OM NO 15 SMASH 30 JAP WARSHIPS Yanks Score Decisive Naval Victory REDS PURSUING NAZIS THROUGH NORWAYSNOWS Temperature Tumbles Several Degrees Below Zero in Battle Area BULLETIN London Czechoslovak communications center of Muka cevo was captured Thursday in a 9mileRussian advance through the CarpattiDUkraine Marshal Stalin announced Thursday night in an order of the day Mukacevo Munkacs fell to the forces of Gen Petrovs 4th Ukrainian front army which scaled the mountains from southern Poland and invaded Czechoslovakia M o s c o troops drove deeper into Norway Thurs day beyond captured Kirkcnes in Arctic storms which tumbled the temperature several degrees be low zero in a supreme effort to annihilate up to 130000 Germans being herded before red and Fin nish forces In local engagements just north of ravaged Warsaw the Kremlin at midnight announced the cap lure of a dozen satellite towns on the east side of the wide and swif Vistula river which bends sharp ly west northwest just above the ravaged city The pace of the red army offen sive Prussia slackened be fore ferocious German resistance explained in partby the de pendency of Berlin and othernaz cities onfoods produced on Easi Prussian farms All northern Transylvania was behind Russian lines in the Bal kans and Romania was cleared of hostile Germans In CzechoSlo vakia the Russians virtually iso lated the big highway of Mukacevo pushing within 9 miles of the city Clearing of the towns on the northern flank of Warsaw in creased the threat of capture o the Palish capital The soviet communique de scribee the Warsaw successes a battles of local importance bu they seemed the first real sign o German weakness in central Po land since the summer red arm offensive faded out at the end o overstretched supply lines The Germans Wednesday reported th Russians had launched a powerfu offensive north of Warsaw While the capture of Warsaw Ilself would have only psycholoiri cal value now a major break through in the area would rcpre sent the double threat of an ad vance straight at Berlin as wel as northward to East Prussia Meanwhile the invasion of Eas Prussia ran into a storm of fa natical nazi counterattacks arm natical nazi counterattack around Gumbinnen and Goldap and while the advance continuet it brought gains of less than miles on a separated front The occupation of Transyivani was completed with the capture o the important city of SaUiMare the railway town of Caret and 20 other populated places Romania participated in these ac iions Seizure of Kirkenes center c a rich iron mining district an naval base used by the German in preying on the Murmans shipping supply lines was cred ited to the Arctic army of Gen K A Merelskov and the red flee The Russians signified their inten tion of marching through Norwa in pursuit ot approximately 25 000 German troops who had bee driven out of the Petsamo distric With northern Transyivani cleansed of the 3 a s t Germans Marshal Rodion Y Malinovskj was believed to have reinforce his vanguard in the area of Szo nok less than 50 miles southeac of Budapest but there has bee no official news from this battle front in the last 24 hours 10 Oelwein Youths Quizzed in 5 Fires Oelwein Momen chief of police said 10 Oelwei youths were being questioned i connection with 5 fires which oc curred here Wednesday betwee 4 and S p m The citys warehous and storage shed was almost de stroycd in one blaze Three othe fires started in garages and an other in a lumber yard which wa caught before it could spread GERMAN GARRISON SURRENDERS AT of the fallen German city of Aachen watch as a long line of surrendered members of the garrison is marched through streets on way to prison camp Associated Press wirephoto via signal corps radio engraving by Kay en ay Allies Attack to Clear Nazi Guns From Antwerp Sector London German high Thursday that allied forcesstriking to clear the last nazi guns blockingalked onyoys from Antwerp had landed Countermeasures are in rress the communique said in Bevelaildl ward m the aiea east of the Ant werpBreda road already had made a good bridge lead on the north side of the Schelde estuary In addition to the enemy forces ilready cut off on South Beveland and Walcheren islands as many s 50000 German troops may he n the narrowing wedge of the mainland between the battle line Earlier Berlin broadcasts that and the Maas Their mounting WaTcheren another island north Peril is fully recognized by the of the estuary had been invaded enemy and a late German radio by allied land and sea forces were report Wednesday night specu v 41s Uted that the alliedair attacks not borne out by the communique The landing apparently was made under the protection of a dense morning fog which swept in from the Worth sea and came as allied forces fighting through hip deep water forged slowly ahead to clear the sea approaches to Ant werp Field Marshal Sir Bernard L iVfontgomerys pincers tightened relentlessly on Germans clinging to the waterlogged deltas and is lands of southwest Holland with the enemy giving ground all the way from Bergen Op Zoom to 1S Hertogenbosch Driving in from the east on 11000 Germans trapped on Way cheren the Canadians fought through thick fog and traversed half the length of the 2mile wide 10mile long neck to Ihe connect ing island of south Beveland They captured Rilland on the Hay The progress was along single roads raised over wastes water left by the flooding of the islands South of the estuary the Cana dians were fighting in the streets of Oostburg 4 miles southeast of Cadzand where the enemys last guns block the estuary from the south They also recaptured Fort Frederik Hendrik and reached the ovitskirts of Groede 4 miles northeast of Cadzand Behind the advance into Soulh Beveland they captured the vil lage of Dorp Op Pin dorp 4 miles east of the enemy coastal anchor Bergen Op Zoom To the east Montgomerys Brit ish 2nd army was breaking the hack of German resistance in the Breda box south of the Maas Meuse with its attack toward the west from the Nijmcgen sal ient The British captured Fort Or ten a mile north of S Hertogen bosch and cleared the Germans from all the latter hub except the southwest corner They were within a mile of Til burg in the middle of the box having captured Zorgcn 12 miles southwest of S Hertogenbosch The flanking thrust by an ar mored column north of S Her togenbosch cut the nazi escape route over one of the 3 bridges leading over the Maas from thf battle zone Southwest of S Hertogenbosch allied troops reached Moergestel less than 4 miles southeast ot the rail and highway junction of Til burg and the communique re ported general progress north on Dordecht smashing the bridges These are a railroad bridge and parallel highway span among the ongest in Europe carrying the nain traffic stream between Breda and Rotterdam Only one other bridge spans the river from were great aimed at Moerdijke the battle area at Geertruiden berg 18 mileswest of S Hertog enbosch WARNING GIVEN BY STIMSOIT Philippine Resistance Will Be Stubborn Washington o War Henry L warned Thursday that increasingly stub born Japanese resistance must b anticipated in the Philippine despite the brilliant American naval victory He told a news conference landing of Gen Douglas Mac Arthurs forces in Leyte was challenge which could not refuse the and Japanese that th landings represented the complet materialization of the increasing suffocating pressure which is be ing brought to bear on the stolen Japanese empire WHERE U SJAP FLEETS of the U S Pa cific fleet and the imperial Japanese navy met in the Pacific in airsea battle Three enemy forces were involved as in dicated on the map First force 1 consisted of battleships and other warships sighted south of Mindoro later moving through the Sibuyan sea The 2nd enemy force 2 was sighted in the Sulu sea southwest of Negros island A 3rd enemy force 3 was located southeast of Formosa A surface engagement was fought east of Samar island YANKS LAND ON SAMAR ISLAND N NEW THRUST 6 Airfields Under US Control 31 Towns Are Liberated Gen MacArthurs Headquarters eyte troops have anded on Samar and seized the outhern coast of the island last arrier in the Philippines before Luzon other forces extended heir gains on Leyte to bring 31 owns and villages and6 airfields aider TJ S control Gen Douglas iTacArthur announced Thursday McArthnr also disclosed thai American troops had driven 1C niles inland to capture the road unction of Burauen splittingthe apariese forces on northern He reported that Field Marshal Count Julchi Teraochis orces in that sector were disin tgntiag The invasion of Samar 3rd argest island in the Philippines vas made by Maj Gen Verne D Judges first dismounted cavalry division which made a 17 mile amphibious drive up the eastern oast of Leyte and crossed over the narrow San Juanica strait Although MacArthurs c o m munique said the landing was nade on the southern coast p Samar which gave the Americans controlotthe eastern shore ol the thff cavalrymen apparently lanaecLat a 90 miles southeastof Luzon The northeastern tip of Samar island of square milts is separated from Luzon by the 12 mile wide San Bernardino Strait The landing on Samar was a culmination of amphibious jumps north from Taclpban in which Mudges troops seized the villages of Uvam and Eabatngon the lat er 17 miles north of the Leyte capital Front dispatches said a group o 12 to 15 Japanese bombers at empted toraid troops which nvaded Samar but 10 of them were shot down by antiaircraf fire The dispatch said the Ameri cans were led by Maj F Raymonc Sing Tucson Ariz and Maj Leonard Smith Omaha MacArthur also disclosed tha he Japanese suffered heavy losses n an attempted largescale day light attack on American shipping in Leyte gulf shortly after dawn Tuesday Carrier lighters broke up th formations and shot down 5 planes from the raiding force while antiaircraft guns bagged others In the campaign on Leyte i xvas announced that U S force had seized 19 towns and village and 3 airfields in the last 24 hour to give them firm control of th northern end of the island The biggest gain was made nea the southern end ot the 43mil American line where troops of th 7th division advanced 3 mile across Leyte and captured th junction town of Burauen Th terminus of the inland highway i only 13Vz miles from the coast of Leyte opposite the islan of Cebu where Philippines Presi dent Sergio Osmena was born United Press Correspondent H E Spring with the 7th division reported that the Japanese made fierce counterattack near Bu rauen but were repulsed in a bit ter bayonet battle The 7th division troops als seized Buri airport 4 miles north west of San Pablo and 2 othe airfields in the same area Th Japanese attempted countera tacks in an effort to retake th fields but were unable to budg the Americans 12 Believed Killed in Collision of Planes Reno Nov arm cargo planes collided and fell i flames near here Thursday Th army said 12 men were believe killed The ships were 2 engin C46 transports RECEIVES MEDAL Hanlontown Verms Ausenhu received the good conduct med and the purple heart awarded t Pfc Stanton Rodberg She als received a wooden chest hanc made by an Australian Pf Rodberg who is stationed in th southwest Pacific received th purple heart for being wounde about a year ago Battered Jap Remnants Pursued by Americans Pearl Harbor From Cable American 3rd and th fleets have sunk or damaged at least 30 Japanese warships ncludmg10 battleships and 3 aircraft carriers in the Philip pines to win one of the greatest and most decisive naval battles of the war it was announced Thursday Pursuing American surface ships and aircraft were attacking ne fleeing battered remnants of the enemy fleet at midnight if Pacific fleet headquarters reported and it was ikely that the final toll would be still GREATER than the 9 en imy warships already known to have been sunk 3 probably sunk and 18 damaged The only American losses these figures ap parently were complete for the action to date were the 10 000 ton light carrier Princeton and an escort carrier sunk several de stroyers and escort carriers damaged and several PT boats sunk or damaged Adm Chester W Nimitz confirmed in his 2nd communi que of the battle that American surface ships as well as earner aircraft had engaged the enemy fleet firing broad ides of shells ranging up to 14 and 16 inches into the first rapanese warships to come within range of their guns in years The victory smashed an allornothing Japanese bid to vreck the American invasion of the Philippines and by the same token dealt the enemy fleet a blow from which naval observersbelieved it may never recover Virtually the whole Japanese fleet participated in abortive 3way assault and at one time its surface units were 8TH ARMY CITES 5 MILE GAIN Pushes Through Left Flank df Bologna Line Rome 8th army orcesdroremorethan 5 miles through the left flanjc of the Ger man defenses before Bologna a communique reported Thursday nenacirig the highway center of forli and reaching within about 26 miles pf the American 5th army roops stalled below Bologna Moving up the RiminiBologna highway against light covering forces left behind by the retreat ng the British advanced rapidly from their bridgehead across the Cesena river and cap ured Forlimpopoli Forward elements pushed on lorthwestward to the Bonco river barely 3 miles from Forli and may already have reached that town Thursday in view the spotty enemy resistance On the American 5lh army front however the Germans were putting up fierce opposition and official sources said the enemy was working feverishly to com alete trenches and fortifications to defend the city of Bologna at all costs Japs Sure America Has Now Lost War By UNITED PRESS A Japanese broadcast recorded by United Press Thursday com menting on the battle of Leyle gulf said it wasnt possible to re veal what further measures would be taken by the Japanese fleet but one thing is now clear America has lost the war tii uiiic buntna ouriace uni within 70 miles of the American beachhead on Leyte Communiques from headquarters of Nimitz atPearl Har or and Gen Douglas MacArthur at Leyte itself gave the toll of enemy ships to date 1 battleship of the 29300ton Yamashiro class 2 aircraft carriers 4 cruisers Unspecified number of destroyers but at least PROBABLY 2 battleships 1 large carrier 7 battleships 6 cruisers Unspecified number of destroyers but at least 5 Included in the damaged battleships were 4 heavily hit with bombs which when last seen were retiring at low speed and trailing oil while one of the damaged destroyers was left dead in the water All 5 vessels should prove easy prey to the pursuing American planes and warships Nimitz said further details ihe battle would be announced as Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and continued cool Thursday night Friday fair warmer in the afternoon Iowa Clear and cold Thursday night Friday fair and warmer Gentle winds Wednesdays maximum 68 at Council Bluffs minimum 24 at Spencer Minnesota Clear and cold again Thursday night Friday fair anc warmer IN MASON CITY Globe1Gazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 58 Minimum Wednesday night 28 At 8 a m Thursday 30 YEAR AGO Maximum 43 Minimum 26 YOUR GLOBEGAZETTE CARRIER pays his bill every week Wont you help him by having your money ready when he calls His regular collection times are Friday night and Saturday morning THE GLOBEGAZETTE they became known Though he announced Wednesday that 150 Japanese planes had been shot iown in the early stages the Battle his latest communique mentioned neither Japanese nor American air losses MacArthur iimilarly was silent on the air osses but said 53 enemy aircraft lad been shot down during an en emy attack on American shipping in Leyte gulf Tuesday preceding the naval battle Japan herself acknowledged in an imperial headquarters commu nique that 1 of her battleships 2 cruisers and a destroyer had been sunk in the 2 day melee and an other battleship substantially damaged but claimed in return that 77 American warships and landing craft had been sunk or damaged Directly contradicting Tokyos propagandists a naval spokesman on Adm Thomas C Kinkaids 7th fleet flagship in the Philippines told United Press War Correspon dent Ralph Teatsorth The enemy has been decisively defeated with heavy losses Our fleet is without serious losses and fit to fight tomorrow Adm William F Halsey com mander of the farranging 3rd fleet echoed the optimism pre vailing throughout American orces in the Pacific with this for mal report to President Roosevelt The Japanese navy in the Philippines area has been de feated seriously damaged and routed by the U S navy in that area MacArthur issued a forma statement proclaiming that the enemy fleet had been dealt its most crushing defeat of the war Its future efforts can only be on a dwindling scale The Japanese flight from the area indicated that the enemj high command had decided to abandon the Philippines to then fate at least temporarily withou hope of more than a trickle of re inforccments through the Ameri can air sea and submarine block ade Nimitzs communique for the Irst time revealed the full scale of the stunning defeat inflicted on he Japanese carrier task force which sailed down from its home waters into1 the Philippine sea to hallenge Halseys 3rd fleet from he north Halsey hurled his surface forces submarines and a great fleet of carrierborne aircraft against the approaching enemy armada Wed nesday Tuesday Pearl Harbor ime and in the ensuing daylight tours and Wednesday night blew up and sank a large carrier sank a light carrier and 2 light cruisers and probably sank 2 battleships and a large carrier The battleships 3 heavy cruis ers and a number of destroyers withdrew to the north in a dam aged condition Though Japanese aircraft based on Luzon supported the enemy force not a single ship in Hal seys fleet was damaged The other 2 enemy naval forces presumably coming from Singa pore or other bases in the South China sea converged on the cen tral Philippines from the north west and southwest in a daring attempt to split the 2 American fleets smash the invasion armada in Leyte gulf and wipe out the Leyte beachhead A carrier force from Halseys 3rd fleet rushed to the area to help Kinkaids 7th fleet and an Australian squadron intercepted the 2 enemy forces The enemys southern force consisting of 2 battleships one heavy cruiser one light cruiser and 4 destroyers broke through the Surigao Strait from the Sulu sea into the shipcrowded Leyte gulf Though temporarily outnum bered the 7th fleet and Australian warships beat off this attack alone and sank or damaged heavily every enemy vessel One battleship of the
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