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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 11, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OEPA3TVENT r HIST03Y iP i V E S VOL LI Associated Pros and United Press Full Leased THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Five Coals u Copy HALL Circulation of Express Is 3 Million By VI EARL HALL GlobeGazette Managing Editor Letter No 39 Mail Theres very little about a London newspaper plant equip ment or organi re minds 3ou of a newspaper back home was the over all con clusion reached by me after an inspection trip from basement to garret through the London Express a few days ago The Express I should explain is not only Lon dons but the worlds largest jour nal with a daily circulation in excess of 3 million When I say it was different from American newspapers I wouldnt want to leave the impression that it necessarily is inferior In some respects it has gone further than any newspaper in either New York or Chicago In this respect Im thinking par ticularly of a remote control de partment which brings out simul taneously in Manchester and Glas gow editions which are identical in type matter and news content with the London edition If theres a newspaper in America doing this exact tiling I dont know of it First my newspaper associate here Fred Christopherson of Sioux Falls and I went to the Daily Telegraph the London paper with the most impressive building We were told by a dignified reception ist in full regalia that to get past the front office we must have a permissive letter from the pro prietor The Express was our second at tempt and there the cordiality was all out We inquired for the city editor And in this we got oui first bit of professional education The city editor here is the equiva lent of a financial editor on an American metropolitan paper It was the news editor we want ed and tiiats what we got We were taken to a word for a small off had a delightful chatabout English jour nalistic practices including type and makeup Then a most pitable worker from the mechani cal department was assigned to us lor a complete tour of the build ing We started in the newsroom where found the copy editors and reporters working pretty much on their own as distinguished from the close contact and supervision which are the marks of an Ameri can news room Then we went through the li brary where newspaper files and clippings were piled n endless rows on shelves Next1 jthe en Braving plant where pictures were being converted into zinc cuts A particular pride and joy of the man conducting us was the wire and radio photo equipment which has made It possible for the Express to bring in daily pic tures from the fighting fronts farthest forward Our tour closed with a visit to the press room This was really something Three batteries of ro tary presses each almost as long as a Mason City block turn out papers at the rate of almost a Million an hour In the days before the war the Express averaged 24 pages per edition Now under the impact of wars restrictions on newsprint paper it is down to 4 pages Are you looking forward to the day when you can go back to the old sire I inquired of the news editor or do you feel that the smaller paper is meeting the de mands ot your public All or us he replied are dreaming of the day when we can go back to getting out a newspaper What were doing now is make best we can do under the circumstances but not anything that we can have pride in And that seems to be the atti tude of all the thousands who make their living on Fleet streets newspaper row MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY OCTOBER 11 1944 Thb Paper GERMANS RUSH AID TO AACHEN DARING ATTACK NEAR JAPAN IS MADE BY NAVY Task Force Destroys 89 Planes Smashes 58 Ships in Ryukyu Isles By LEONARD Associated Press War Editor Hundreds of carrier borne American planes ranging to with in 200 miles of Japan struck at the Ryukyu islands Monday U S time in their boldest attack of the Pacific war destroyed 89 planes and sank or damaged 58 surface craft Tokyo radio said Wednesday 400 torpedo planes bombers and fighters participated in the sur prise raid It said they came in 4 waves from dawn until midaft ernoon roving over 500 miles ot the island chin between south ern Japan ant Formosa The attack the first in the area at the very gates of the East China sea failed to stir out the Japanese home fleet or the air armadas based in Nippon and Formosa both of which should have been within range of the American car riers It was probably the CLOSEST APPROACH to Japan of any great U S naval force during this war Adm Chester W Nimitz reported that no supporting ships were damaged and losses to Vice Adm Marc A Mitschers carrier planes were light Tokyo asserted 26 at U S Batteries Open Up in Concert to Wipe Out City By WILLIAM SMITH WHITE AND DON WIHTEHEAD Outside Aachen American batteries opened up in con cert against Aachen at p m Wednesday in an effort to wipe out he city and the German which refused to surrender it The real might of the U S 1st army attack was loosed after a preliminary bombardment of al most 4 hours by dive bombers and fieldguns From the edge of Aachen the esieeed city could be seen beingr eaten sowly to death in a dooms GLIDER BUILT TO CARRY TANKA light tank backs into a British Hamilcar glider which was designed to fill the need for a tankcarrying glider to be used in support of ahI borne troops It is also capable of carrying tropps guns and assault craft and vehicles of vario ulars cut off in eastern China by the Japanese drivedown the cen ter of the nation still are cap able of delivering massive blows against the enemy Western Africans recaptured Mowdolk in the southeast corner of India near the Burma border They were putting the finishing touches on the Nipponese route from India which British Lt Gen W J Slim termed the greatest defeat the enemy has suffered Western Front 302 Miles From Berlin By The Associated Press The Road to Front 302 miles from west of Front 310 miles from Front 560 miles from FAIL TO INDORSE GILLETTE Des Moines NonPar tisan Protective league of Iowa Inc a Negro organization in a resolution Tuesday condemned Sen Guy M Gillette seeking re election on the democratic ticket and indorsed all other Iowa con gressmen seeking reelection The league said Gillette was con demned for his stand on the poll tax biil which kept 7 million persons and 4 million Ne groes away from the polls Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy tacking aircraft were shot down Nimitz announced that all Japa nese ships that could be found were attacked and severe dam age was done to shore installa tions He listed 12 ships includ ing a destroyer as sunk 14 prob ably sunk 12 damaged and 20 luggers and other small craft as destroyed or damaged The bold foray illustrated Nim itz assertion that the Pacific fleet is strong enough to go anywhere Tokyo said attacking planes ranged from Amami Oshima 200 miles southwest of Japans Kyushu island to Miyako 200 miles east of Formosa and about 500 miles from the China coast and the Philippines About 600 miles east of the Philippines Eighteen barges car 81st division completed conquest of Garakayo islet in the Palau group within 24 hours It was the 10th of the Palau islands to be conquered South of the threatened Philip pine archipelago fighter planes and PT boats broke up a Nip ponese attempt to reinforce dis organized remnants of the garri son on Morotai island now the closest American airbase to the Philippines Eighteen abrges car rying troops and supplies were sunk or damaged Generalissimo Chiang Kai Shek said 400000 Chinese reg Young GFs Shaking Head Over Case of Grizzled Army Vet McCook Nebr Young GIs at army air field are shaking their heads over Pvt William A Scharfenberger a grizzled veteran He has turned down all offers of a furlough since talcing a 9 day emergency furlough in May of 1922 Recently he received his first letter in 3 years Routed through the adjutant generals office it was from his sister and asked bluntly Where have you been for the last 10 years WAREHOUSE DESTROYED Clarinda board of army officers is investigating a fire which destroyed a salvage ware house at the Clarinda prisoner of war camp Monday night Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair Wednesday night and Wednesday Thursday Cooler night with frost Temperature Thursday morning at Mason City 28 Slightly warmer Thursday afternoon Iowa Fair Wednesday night and Thursday Cooler Wednesday night with frost and freezing temperatures Thursday morning Warmer in west and central por tions Thursday Minnesota Fair and cool Wednes day night with frost and freez ing temperatures south and central portions Thursday fair and warmer IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday 57 Minimum Tuesday night 35 At 8 a m Wednesday 36 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Report Nazis Abandoning All of Greece Rome reports said nazi forces were abandoning all of Greece in an llth hour attempt to escape a closing Balkan trap Wednesday as British troops stabbed into the Corinthian isthmus toward Ath ens and to the north captured the Albanian seaport of Sarande Por to Edda With all of the Peloponnesus in allied hands and Russian troops astride all the main escape routes in Yugoslavia and Bulgaria the remnants of 5 German garrison divisions were reported fleeing northward over secondary Greek roads in an almost hopeless race to get back into the dubious1 saftv ty of the reich Greek guerrilla bands sprang up everywhere along the German line of flight harrying the march ing enemy columns cutting their communications and shooting down stragglers First authoritative word of the evacuation came in a Swedish press dispatch from Berlin stating that it had been announced of ficially in the German capital Broadcast accounts of the Berlin statement said special nazi death battalions were covering tha rear of the retreating army against partisan attacks and fanning out before it in a desperate attempt to hold open the few remaining roads Allied spokesmen had no imme diate confirmation of the German withdrawal but there appeared to be no reason to doubt the enemy admission Headquarters said Brit ish forces that captured Corinth were fanning out beyond the city toward Athens 40 miles to the west and there was no word of any important enemy resistance Other British invasion units were making swift progress along the southern coast of Albania Sa rande the 4th largest of Albanias few and primitive seaports was captured by the Tuesday after a battle invaders early bitter 24hour Moving in under a heavy artil lery barrage the Tommies over whelmed a fairlystrong German garrison and occupied the port and the dominating hills to the east taking about 500 German prisoners Some nazi survivors fled eastward to the Gjashdle area where they attempted a new stand but a communique said this opposition was being mopped up STALIN TOASTS POSTWAR PLANS Praises British and U S Contributions Moscow between Prime Minister Churchill Pre mier Stalin and their aides moved forward Wednesday on a new note of harmony sounded at a state banquet Tuesday at which the soviet leader warmly praised British and American contribu tions to victory and toasted post war allied collaboration Twice during the elaborate 3A hour luncheon in Spirodonovka palace Stalin rose to emphasize the ties binding Russia and hei western allies hcsolemnfyein phasizedThc need for postwar co operation In the interests of Inter national security declarimj that peace laving nations are never prepared but aggressor nations always seem ready This he said must in the future be avoided Later after other speakers had acclaimed the red armys tri umphs Stalin asserted that Rus sia could not have done what she has done without the aid oE the allies He praised the military might gathered by the United States and Britain singling out for partic ular comment the high quality of BritishAmerican planning anc the work of the merchant marine of both countries Turning toward U S Ambas sador W Averell Harriman seated on his left the premier emphasized Russias gratitude for the greate material aid given by the United States Frcviously in referrinfi o the achievements of allied statesmen in drafting the Dumbarton Oaks security plan Stalin also hat turned to Harriman and paid a special compliment to Secretary of State Cordetl Hull Churchill was visibly moved by Stalins acknowledgement of BritishAmerican war effort the It is a sign of a great nation and a great man to be magnani mous and generous the British prime minister said I have al ways thought and I think now that it was the red army which clawed the guts out of the filthj nazis Harriman who spoke twice in response to Stalins remarks salt the United States was not pre pared for war but that Japan hac rendered a service by throwing us into it The banquet was attended by approximately 50 statesmen dip lomats and military men The guests were welcomed by G I Fomin acting protocol chief o the foreign commissariat who ushered each in turn to where Stalin and Foreign Commissar Vyacheslav Molotov were waiting to extend greetings After a round of martini cock tails Stalin lead the way to the hanqnet hall where caviar and cold Russiar the clabo rate meal A toast to Prcsiden Roosevelt was proposed by Molo lov Churchill and Stalin sat side by side When the guests retired t another room for coffee the 2 con tinued talking Guests remarked that rarely in Moscow history had such lavish expressions of al lied friendship been made Slot Machines Involved in Wrangle Are Stolen Moscow Idaho ha been considerable wrangling ovei whether slot machines were legal But the Elks club has quit wor1 rying Six machines belonging to the club have been stolen Value o this jackpot lay haze of multicolored smoke Shells from 105millimeter ho witzers 155mm lone toms heavy nortars and vast and bellowing 240mm guns fell across the whole ace of the city Dive bombers worked over the city for 200 minutes and artillery laid down round after round in a carefully worked out schedule of bombing and shelling before the allout attack began Aachen was learning what the American command meant when for unconditional sent in Tuesday its ultimatum surrender was The ultimatum brought 200 Ger mans out of the city with hands up n surrender and after the bombing aegan 48 more scrambled out of the town to save themselves Word from a command post in back of us tells the real story of this mad defense Aachen Of 19 German prisoners who came over to American lines in one batch all of them enlisted men or noncommissioned officers nine declared that 2 German of ficers had been standing guard at the railroad tracks at the eastern edge of the city shootinsr every German soldier who tried to cross there into American lines The Americans laid 88mm fire on that section in an effort to burn out those officers Editors Note The following portion of this dispatch was filed from Aachen at p m The Aachen cathedral built in 79S and containing a throne of Charlemagne stands unharmed as yet and thpsun now on its 161 tjf spite The Germans simply are ting like moles beneath their bar racks down1 in the main part of the town Their antiaircraft guns are not active against our planes but a single MesserschmittlOS just challenged us It dropped 2 bombs near this position and sailed safely through our ground fire It is a strange attack There are moments of complete silence in which BIRDS CAN BE HEARD in the barracks courtyard then it will break out again And artillery bursts rolling through this valley in which Aachen is situated like heavy planks drop ping on a concrete floor Just ahead is one of the mainlat lneir Posts American objectives Observatory Hill It commands the city from the north and now it lies quiet A church surmounts its crest There is not the slightest stir visible in Aachen White flags which some civil was to pass through the line in roups of 50 leaving weapons be lind Lookouts kept a watch on the wearrangcd meeting place Sev eral times it appeared as though Ihe garrison mieht be surrender ing when German soldiers neared Ihe siiol but they were only trying to escape and bore no message At a m no one had ap peared Automatically the plans for battering Aachen by artillery and air began to take shape Noon was set for the opening of the ar tillery barrage Dive bombers were alerted and within a few minutes were wing ing toward Aachen On a ridgetop before Aachen we waited at a command post for word from the forward unit which was to receive the surrender it the enemy capitulated No correspondents were per mitted to visit that advance unit The hands of an old grandfather clock in one room ticked off the minutes Artillery kept firing not into Aachen but northeast of the city against enemy troops formine up for a counterattack against Crucifix hill Planes circled over head The hands ot the clock reached and moved on A highranking officer came to the doorway of the command post and shook his head Tuesday we told the Germans in Aachen to surrender or we would destroy their city he said Wednesday morning they decided to let us do it The officers refuse to surrender Now we have to break the will of the officers This ultimatum is not without its mixed blessings We got a lot of prisoners Each one of them was carrying a copy of the leaflets we dropped There were about 100 in one group who came out of their that is a lot of men when they are inside pillboxes It saves us the trouble of digging them out In a cage nearby were 19 prisoners taken out of Aachen A nazi lieu tenant was sleeping off the effects of 3 spree which resulted when all troops inside Aachen Tuesday were issued whisky and wine ra bottle of whisky to 3 men and a bottle of wine for each 2 men Many of their comrades wanted to surrender without fighting for Aachen the captive said but the officers threatened to shoot any who did not stand and fight The Aachen garrison has SS officers commanding troops to keep them YANK GUNS AND PLANES BLAST NEW COLUMNS Perhaps Full Division of Nazis Trying to Get to Besieged City London Germans up troops Wednesday night n efforts to reinforce Aachen which American artillery and jlanes were pounding after the jermans rejected a surrender ul imatum A major battle was developing The German reserves were being rushed in from the east Enemy columns moved on tn leading to Aachen from the east despite the danger in broad daylight and started toward the milewide escape corridor north east of the city The enemy has been feeding lis reserves in a nickel at a time jke he was running a juke box jut now he is sending a man in o do a mans job an American army officer declared at the front Theres no doubt his aim is to x purge the sacred soil of Germany of these Yankee gangsters we hear so much about V S artillery and planes im mediately turned against the enemy reinforcing haps a division strong Ancient Aachen glorified by Charlemagne was being beaten to death by big American guns and divebombers The furious bombardment to break the will of German defend ers begftn on the western edge of the big industrial city and marched across its center to the eastern end Heavy 8inch guns 155mm long toms and 105mmrifles thundered in an obliterating bar rage and bombs hurtled down on the surrounded city By refusin to accept the 24hour ultimatum for unconditional surrender or complete destruction the German commander had sealed the doom of the city and its 1500 S3 troops Gunners loosed the first salvos at noon an hour and 10 minutes after the expiration of the ultima tum AS A TEST CASE AACHEN INDICATED THE NAZI LEAD ERSHIP WILL SEE ITS CITIES DESTROYED RATHER THAN YIELD White flags appeared over many of the ancient buildings of Aachen before ultimatum expired but ians had run up Monday morning before expiration of the ultima tum are no longer there Storm troopers presumably pulled them down Fires spring up and then are extinguished The smoke above the doomed city is here it is grayish there it is brown At still other places such as to the right of the cathedral the smoke is dense biack Our shells fly over with a sort of whispering noise American diva bombers first at tacked at p m Twelve of them roared over and they came down in pairs spouting bombs from each side Most fire bombs and of these 7 blazes erupted at once across the city Flames snouted from the snouts of the planes machineguns Just over to the right a herd of Hol stcin cows were grazing in a pas ture on the edge of the town At p m we saw the first sign ot German reaction Smoke was rising off to the east of the city in the vicinity of our lines and that meant German shells were falling there Prisoners have been coming into our lines all day One who has just turned up acted as a guide in Aachen Tues day for the 3 Americans who went in under a white flag with the ultimatum demanding uncon ditional surrender The guide said he had just had enough Not all the German troops inside Aachen wanted to stay and fight to the death as their fuehrer had ordered Before noon more than 100 slipped through their own lines They said many more want ed to accept the ultimatum but their officers would not let them At dawn the Yanks saw hun dreds of white sheets hanging from Aachen bviously placed by civilians who defied nazi orders for evacuation of all towns in this area If he accepted the ultimatum the German commander of Aachen was to send a representative under a flag of truce to the railway on the outskirts of the city and ar range the surrender The enemy Iowa Liquor Driver Fined on Charge of Drunken Driving Avoca Iowa Ballue 45 DCS Moines who was indicted by a grand jury here last week on a charge of driving an Iowa liquor commission truck while intoxi cated pleaded guilty before Dis trict Judge Verne Johnson and was fined Ballue was ar rested by state highway patrol men Aug 22 after the truck he was driving jackknifed on a hil 5 miles east of Oakland Iowa blocking traffic He was enroute to Des Moines with a truckloac ot wine from Council Bluffs Iowa Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy they apparently were hung by ci vilians Hundreds of civilians and a handful ot troops moved under truce flags to American lines but these came from outlying portions of the city away from the imme diate control of the enemy garri son It was estimated that 15000 ci vilians hiding in cellars of the alreadjbadlydamaged city re mained of Aachens 105000 pre war population As the blows to level Aachen began first army men closed the ring tighter about the city To the north they seized Scharfenberg and Bardenburg advanced to Wurselen and mopped up Ger mans in the southern part of Haaren northeast of Aachen South of the siege site 3rd army men and Germans battled under ground in a winding tunnel at Fort Driant before Metz richo chetting bullets off the walls Douchboys and Germans were so close they could hear each others orders The fierce struggle ior surface positions in the fortress continued unchanged Farther south Amer etlenkircncn COLOGN JULICH DURfN AACHEN ENCIRCLED U S 1st army encircled Aachen and built up pressure east of that city for an offen sive toward the Rhine Arrows show drives
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