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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 26, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COUP Of THE NEWSPfPIR THAT VOL L Aindalcd and United Pro Full Lewd Wins Five Centi Copy MASON Cm IOWA TUESDAY SEPTEMBER 26 1944 MAKES AIL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Evacuees Find Homes Gone on Return Note The following letter providing observations on Nor mandy was delayed in reaching the GlobeGazette By W EARL HALL GlobeGazette Managing Editor LETTER NO 26 Somewhere in my Bomber what fol lows Im leafing back through my notebook for some random obser vations drawn from 4 days of wan dering about all sections of the Cherbourg peninsula Normandy is regarded as Frances most prosperous ag ricultural sec tionThus far h o w e v e r I havent seen a single field of g r a i n Its all grazing land for beef and dairy cattle and apple orchards for cider and cal vados the latter a drink almost as p otent as cognac Fields are small not many of them as large as 5 acres Hedge rows separate all fields It would be my guess that somewhere around 5 per cent of Normandys land is taken out of productive use by these decorative growths the Germans before made full use of the ancient chateaus Theyre ideal for headquarters hidden as they are among lofty trees The one near where this is written was bmlt in years after James town was destroyed during the French revolution in year our constitution was adopted When it comes to voting I dont know how it will beBut women certainly are on terms of equality with French men when it comes to work Even young girls will be found on the business end of a shovel or wheelbarrel Women work in the fields milk cows paint houses andclear away the wars rubble Theresrio double standard inthis regard It never gets severely or uncomfortably hot in toanks to thie enciB of the saiJon all sidesTAp until late October orNovember At this time theyre sour Incidentally thebest apples Ive seen thusfar were growing on trees which took the shrubbery at one of the chateaus I visited yesterday Theres a cen tral trunk with the branches shooting off parallel with the path much as vines frail along the side of a building This was a new phe nomenon to meX American flags are to be seen in only one place here in Nor bases actually occu pied by American soldiers or sail ors Everywhere else even over the shambles which once were cities its the tricolors of France Its a matter of same psychology which dictated having Paris entered by French troops French stores are pretty sorry affairs Theyre reopening with a pathetically small stock There are in abundance and camenbert cheese The going price is 9 cents pound To me the saddest sight Ive even than the dev astated the family re turning from prolonged evacua tion with household effects in horsedrawn cart in wheelbarrel or carried on shoulders Even the small children have a part in this lastmentioned mode of transport Many are coming back to a home that wont be there All Americans are earnestlyad monished against drinking un treated water No unnecessary chance is being taken with our fighting mens health As in Eng land water is never served with meals you have to ask for it and its brought to you from what is called a Lister bag Several French liaison officers have expressed to me the same estimate of DeGaulIe Hes a great guy and a great leader the one man to whom the French can look for leadership in the troublous 2 or 3 years that lie ahead But when things settle down there must be a free election in the best French tradition French children are cute and of them beauti ful But they seemingly outgrow it at about age 14 or 35 Maybe its my fault but I havent yet seen what would be called a beautiful woman since I hit the Normandy beach 5 days ago 2 Take Car Quickly Land in Hoosegow Albany Cat men took over a car for a joyride and landed quickly in the hoosegow after they had stepped on what they thought was the starter but ton The button controlled a siren a police car Piper Consists at Two OM NO 3M SILENCE CLOAKS ARNHEM FIGHT EVACUATION OF RIGA BEGUN BY GERMAN FORCE Russians Closing In on Latvian Capital From 3 Directions Moscow UR The battered German army of the Baltics has begun the evacuation of Riga capital of Latvia against which Russian troops were closing from 3 sides the isoviet army organ Red Star reported Tuesday Front dispatches said the Rus slans had won complete control of all rail junctions and main highways leading out of Biga and the red air force was pounding the secondary roads over which the German garrison was flee ing Big air battles raged Over the Riga area as the nazi command threw in strong fighter forma tions in a desperate attempt to shield the hard pressed ground forces Red Star reported that soviet armored and mobile forces were racing toward Riga from the east beating back the German rear guard which was fighting for time toevacuate the main garrison from the capital Red army tanks were reported nearing the mam airdrome In the Riga area the capture of which will place the nazis at the mercy of Russian assault planes swarm ing over the battle zone In a climactic drive to wind up the Baltic campaign and free their full striking power for an allout offensive against East Prussiaj the red armies seized one of the 2 escape ports still open to the Germans in herded the surviving enemy divisions against the seacbasV and broke open the long prepared nazi win ter line guarding the eastern ap Pjroachesio Riga rVrjr The battle of Estonia was Vir tually ended Monday except for mopping up v operations when spearheads of Marshal Leonid A Govorovs Leningrad army cap tured the port of Haapsalu and more than 800 other towns and villages along with over 1000 German prisoners and huge quan tities of war material Haapsalu 54 miles southwest of Tallinn fell to Russian flying columns that struck 32 miles west from Marjamaa in 24 hours rid Ing down feeble enemy opposition in their path German survivors pocketed against the scacoast and south of Haapsalu had no alternative but surrender or a risky evacuation to the Estonian islands of Hiuumaa and Saarenaa 12 miles off the coast through the red fleet blockade Only one small 25 miles to the open to the Germans and that was threatened by another Russian force that swung down from Mar jamaa to take Vigala 31 miles northeast of Virtsu SIGNS ON LIEGE German pillbox in the heart of Liege Belgium bears new signs of welcome to the Allies painted by residents of the city Stop Idea of Indispensable ManDewey By JACK BELL Enroute With Dewey fident he had given the repubicans a new battle cry with an assertion the American people will vote in Novemberto restore to the white house GovThomas E Dewey traveled across OMa 7 his last 2 scheduled stops at Sapulpa and Tulsa on a western swing In a bitter caustic President Roosevelts campaign reply to Saturday Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Western Front 305 Miles From Berlin By The Associated Press The Road to Berlin Front 305 miles from west of Front 310 miles from Front 570 miles from south of BLUE ASSAILS F R Iowa City Gov Rob ert D Blue republican nominee for governor charged that Presi dent Roosevelt had been consist ently unsuccessful in preserving the peace of the world in an ad dress Monday night before 200 Johnson county republican lead Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy Tues day night and Wednesday Not much change in temperature Iowa Partly cloudy Tuesday night and Wednesday showers beginning in the extreme west portion late Tuesday night or Wednesday atures moderate temper a and Minnesota Partly cloudy with lit tle change in temperature Tues day night and Wednesday few light showers north a extreme west portion IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 75 Minmimum Monday night 46 At 8 a m Tuesday 52 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 61 37 night speech ridiculing and mock ing republican attacks on the new deal the GOP standard bearer told a shouting overflow crowd of nearly 10000 persons in Okla homa Citys civic auditorium Mon day night I say the time has come to put a stop to everything that is sum med up in that phrase the indis pensable man The GOP nominees special train carried him to Sapulpa where after a welcoming celebra tion on the high school steps for Mrs Dewey the New York gov ernor and his wife planned a brief visit with the latters parents Mr and Mrs Orla Hutt Next stop was Tulsa for a series of conferences after which the special was tc leave for Albany N Y But all of this was anticlimax to Deways punching comeback in reply to what he described as the presidents speech of mudsling ing ridicule and wise cracks which the New York govarnor contended plumbed the depthsof demagogy by dragging into this campaign the names of Hitler and Goebels Disclaiming any intent to use such tactics the republican nomi nee asserted the winning of this war and the achievement of a peoples peace are to sacred to be cast off with frivolous language Shall we submit to the counse of despair that in all the great ex panse of our nation there is only one man capable of occupying th white house he demanded There were loud cries of no from the crowd Then in answer to his own question he said The American people wil answer that question in November They will see that we restore in tegrity to the white house so tha its spoken word can be trustee once again Opening a smashing attack on the president with the he has asked for it Here it Dewey said that Mr Roosevel had called a malicious falsehood the statement that he regarded himself as indispensable Dewey quoted Sen Harry S Truman the democratic vice pres idential nominee and Mayo Frank Kelly of Chicago to the ef feet the nation must reelect the president in order to attain Its own salvation and to assure very future of the peace and pros of the world Dewey sail he had heard re pndiation of either statement Then he added Lets get this straight The man who wants to be president for li years is indeed indispensable H is indispensable to Harry Hopkins to Madam Perkins to Harok Ickes to a host of other politica job holders He is indispensable to Ameri cas leading enemy of civil liber mayor of Jersey City Frank He is iridispen able to those infamous machines n the all thers He is indispensable to Sidney Hillman and the political action ommittee to Earl Browder the xconvict and pardoned com munist leader Declaring that it was the imple truth that Mr Roosevelts ecord is desperately bad Dewey aid it was no falsification that his nation was not prepared for War r Gen Gc6rge ihalli army5 chifef fOt staff ys ay hg in 1940 that the army was onlyr25 per centready He cited a stateinent Gen H H Arnold hiefof the army air forces last Fan 4 that Dec found the army air forces equipped with plans but not with planes BRITISH FORGES CROSS RUBICON Nazi Rebforcements Halt Yankee Drive Rome UR British 8th army roops crossed the Rubicon and aptured Bordonchio Camerano nd several other towns near the Tuesday as the 7 COMMONS HEARS CHURCHILL TALK Insists War Criminals Find No Neutral Havens London Prime Minister hurchill reiterated Tuesday that he British government insists lerman war criminals find no haven in neutral territories Some neutrals already have made satisfactory statements on the matter Churchill told com mons bnt he has not noticed any particular pronouncement from Spain in this connection His statement about Spain was in reply to a direct question Cheered from all quarters of commons as he resumed his seat following the Quebec conference Churchill planned a fulldress statement Thursday A 2 day de bate starting then may disclose Britains attitude on what to do with Germany after the question which already has brought divided opinion in Presi dent Roosevelts cabinet Weathertanned and apparently fit Churchill was asked about a statement that present machinery might leave Hitler himself un touched if he managed to escape to a neutral country As to whether neutrals had been prop erly warned he asserted caus tically The government is resolved do its utmost to prevent naz criminals finding a refuge in neu tral territories from the conse quencesof their crimes It i not our intention to allow th escape of these men to be effected without exerting almost every re source which a civilized powe can contemplate In answer to the first peaci question directed at him Mr Churchill confined himself to th Dumbarton Oaks conference say ing no commitments had been reached there as yet on postwa plans This conference represenlini the United States Britain Russi and China he said is seekint agreement upon a set of pro posals for the establishment of an organization to maintain peac and security and further socia and economic cooperation amon peaceloving nations If as we greatly hope h said we succeed in framing sue1 joint proposals they would b communicated to the other gov ernments of the united nation concerned as a basis for sion at a joint conference of a united nations ANSHAN PLANTS ARE ATTACKED BYSUPERFORTS Japs Claim B29s Are Engaged in Heavy Fighting on Raid BULLETIN A B29 Superfortress Base in West China heavy force of American Superhombers raided industrial installations at Anshan in Manchuria by daylight Tuesday with the object of clcanine up anything overlooked on 2 pre vious raids on that key city The raiding squadron Tuesday was second in size only to that which made a mass attack Sept 8 The primary targets were steel and chemical plants integrated in the vast manufacturing center of Ja pans Manchuria By LEONARD MILLBIAN Associated Press War Editor Superfortresses smashed at Japans vital war industry in Manchuria Monday abruptly switching American air power blows from the Philippines to the northern segment of the Nippo nese empire It was the 3rd B29 attack on the enemys mainland arsenal in 3 months Tokyo broadcasts said the target was Anshan site of Nip pons 2nd largest steel works bombed by the giant Chinabased planes July 29 and Sept 8 One broadcast said interceptors of the Rising Sun were lying in wait for the Superforts and en gaged them in heavy fighting as they came over in 2 daylight attacks Tokyo asserted its Philippines air bases denuded by attacks of Nazi Casualties on West Front Nearly Million Supreme Headquarters AEF IP casualties on the west ern killed wounded and captured or troops hopelessly cut estimated Tuesday night at close to 1000000 since DDay The estimate included at least 100000 killed well over 200000 badly wounded more than 500000 captured and the rest sealed off in the Channel Islands the last holdout ports ot France and in various pockets along the coast and the Bay of Biscay The million casualties are well over twice the German force now believed to be lined up along the west wall for the homeland stand The Germans announced or esti mated captured by the allies in France and the low countries since June 6 total 520739 of which 385 739 surrendered to American arm ies The British second army was credited with 75000 captives anc the Canadian first army 60000 a the time mentis for fierce counteralt Scks which virtually Aiiieri caii drive onBologhav The British troops cleared the enemy from the area between the rlarecchia and Rubicon rivers ad orced a number of bridgeheads across the latter historic stream iordonchio one of the towns czp nred is one mile inland less than i mile from the southern batik of he Rubicon and 6 miles north of he coastal city of Rimini The town of Santarcangelo 6 miles due west of Rimini now is entirely in the hands of the 8th army troops who also captured Camerano 2 miles southwest of Santarcangelo Santarcangelo is on the southern end of the air ine highway known as Via Emilia extending from Rimini northward to Bologna Modena Seggio and other rich prizes of he Po valley The U S 5th armys drive through the Apennines from cap tured Futa Pass towards Bologna was slowed to gains of yards in stead of miles as the Germans brought up fresh troops through a driving rain and hurled attacks at the northernmost units of Lt Gen Mark W Clarks force Bnt British troops under Clark pressed forward despite heavy opposition on the east flank and occupied the important road junc tion town of Marradi 19 miles southwest of Faenza and on the main road to Foenza which is one of the larger towns on Via Emilia The British troops in that sec tor captured Palazzuolo 4 miles northwest of Marradi on a parallel road to Castel Bolognese On a 2nd attack they captured Monte Carnevale 3 miles north west of Marradi San Benedetto 8 of Marradi and Monte Scarabattole a mile and a half southeast of Marradi the flying arm of Adm William F Halseys 3rd fleet have been fully reinforced by newly ar rived aircraft v Japanese un abashed by the destruction of 906 Nipponese planes in the area in less than 3 weeks described their Philippine air bases as truly for midable They made no further reference to their previous reports that seaborne American planes resumed their devastating attack Sunday A single Catalina flying boat found a Japanese seaplane tender refueling 2 destroyer escorts in Davao gulf of the southern Phil ippines and hit them all in a single bombing run The result ing explosion hurled the black cat 300 feet into the air On the eastern flank of the Philippines marines oh Pelcliu is land turned from frontal attacks against deadly Umorbrogol Hill and pushed up the west coast against scant opposition Tanks lumbered to within 1500 yards of the northern tip ot the island Marine infantrymen rcinforced by soldiers advanced through swamps and thickly wooded hills then wheeled inland behind the strongest Umorbrogol fortifica tions where they had been stopped for a week The marines apparently were intent on encircling the elaborate chain of fortifications or cutting the fortress in 2 Japanese were still trying to run in reinforce ments at night from other Palau islands and Tokyo reported some had joined the garrison American soldiers who control Angaur southernmost island of Palau apparently have not yet attacked Japanese concentrations in the northwestern sector In southwestern Burma the 5th Indian division advanced against light opposition to within 7 miles of the enemy base at Tiddim 1700 BOMBERS MAKE ASSAULTS Hit Osnabruck Hamm Bremen and Calais London of 1700 American and British heavy bombers operating in support o land troops attacked Osnabruck Hamm and Bremen in Germany and the besieged port of Calai Wednesday Forces of 1100 fortresses and liberators bombed the German ci ties The RAF sent 600 Lancaster and Halifaxes against the French channel port which Canadians attacking Oshabruck lies 93 miles north eastofzthe Arnhem Bremen a leading Ger man port on the Weser river i 150 miles northeast of Arnhem Hammone of the chief railfoa junctions of northwest Germany is 82 miles southeast ofthe Dutcl city Vet qf 35 Missions Hurt in Bus Mishap Newark N J Calco 23 who received a medical discharge from the army for com bat fatigue after coming throug 35 bombing missions over Ger many unscathed was hospitalize with chest injuries suffered whe a bus on which he was a passenge hit a telephone pole 1OWAN IS nil S SING Headquarters llth AAF Alaska UR Three Midwestern army air men were listed as missing afte their transport plane disappeare Sept 9 with a crew of 2 officer and 7 enlisted men Among th missing was Lt John C Norman pilot Jefferson Iowa ALLIED DIMOUT OF NEWS CALLS DSITION FLUID German Agency Claims Isolated Paratroops Have Been Wiped Out London IP Silence cloaked the 9th day of one of the most dramatic battles of the invasion north bank stand of iso ated British Red Devils who ought to keep a foothold across he Dutch Rhine General Eisenhowers head quarters Imposing a security dimout of news from middle Hoi ana called the situation fluid The British press declared It critical And the German inter national information bureau a iropaganda agency said the British paratroops had been wiped out Nothing was disclosed at su preme headquarters to indicate whether this was true or false Allied air commanders in an attempt to stop the flow of en emy troops and materiel to the Moselle and Dutch fronts flung 1100 Fortresses and Liberators against 2 vital German freight yards With almost 3500 tons of sombs those heavy bombers Dlasled the yards at Osnabruck ihrough which tha enemy has aeen funnelling supplies to his forces in Holland the very large rards at Hamm and unspecified military targets at Bremen The latest information at su preme headquarters on the Arn hcm troops was more than 24 hours old Ttils was that the Brit ish were holding on desperate ly thinly supplied by night across the quartermilewide Rhine There was no attempt to mini mize the hazard of their position Indication that tbey were no I at least in strength to hold out yet a while longer Even the Germans gave divided accounts of what had happened Almost an hour alter first Ger man report that the last of the troops had laid down their arms the Berlin commentator Ludwig Sertorius indicated they were still fighting He said Lt Gen Sir Miles Dempseys column from the south had thus far failed to reach the remnants of the British first airborne division in the area of Arnhem Certainly there was nothing in the fierce British effort to build up a broader supply lifeline to the north that would indicate any less emergency to pushing power up to the Rhine In a swift advance northeast of Eindhoven the Tommies drove through Deurne and Helmond and on 15 miles north of Oploo and Mill forging a 2nd supply line parallel to the first and reaching from Eindhoven almost to Nijme gen This provided a buffer against German attacks from the east against the main supply road bnt Iowa Flyer Greeted by 4000 in Landing on ChinaBurma Border With U S Force on Sahvecn Front Frank Heidelbauer of Nemsha Iowa landed an L5 Liaison plane ina valley along the ChinaBurma border he was greeted by an as semblage of nearly 4000 Chinese and native tribesmen who built the landing strip and for the first lime saw a plane at close range The local peasants forewarned of Heidelbauers coming were headed by the valley magistrate and Chinese commander When the American airman refused to ride in a proffered bamboo sedan chair the magistrate got out of his seat and led Heidelbauer to town and a dinner of the valleys best dishes and wines I Allies Smash 1000 Tanks in 10 Days Buy your Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy New Reporter Rob ert St John speaking from Lon don said Tuesday it was officially announced that 1000 German tanks were knocked out within 10 days Gripsholm Arrives With 219 Wounded Washington Swedish repatriation liner Gripsholm ar rived at Jersey City Tuesday morning bringing back 219 seri ously sick and wounded American officers and enlisted men who have been prisoners in Germany The state and war departments jointly announced the arrival IOWA WAC IN PARIS Paris Schubert Fort Dodge was 1 of 5 Iowa women who were among the first WACs to arrive in Paris a week after the liberation of the French capital ALLIED PRESSURE from flags in dicate where allied armies on the western front are driving against German defenders
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