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Mason City Globe Gazette: Thursday, September 21, 1944 - Page 1

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   Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 21, 1944, Mason City, Iowa                             NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAKR THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL and United run TIMII Onti Copj MASON IOWA THDKSDAY SEPTEMBER zi Paper Coottats of Two NO Carries Rare Music Reeds to England By W EAEL HALL GlobeQazette Managing Editor Letter No 22 SPEED AID TO ALLIES IN TRAP HALL London Expedited Air After 10 days in France Im back in feeling mighty official Its like this Last night when final arrange ments were be ing made for our flight across the chan nel Lt CoL W Gould Jones public relations chief for the army in Paris asked me if I would takecus today of an im portant little box and get it into the hands of a certain of f i c e r at the European the ater operations command here in England I would I did And the parcel it develops was a consignment speciallyFrench made reeds for musical instru first received here in more than 4 years United King dom saxophonists clarinetists oboists and bassoonists I take it have been having a terrible time It was Earl Hall to the rescue And thats why I have that cial feeling My flight across the channel from a badly bombed field not so far from Paris required just a lit tle 2 hours By rail LST ship jeep and reconaissarice car the jaunt to Paris had re quired some 5 days Our party today consisted of about a dozen passengers ranging from a major general down to me my fellow midwestern newspaper editor Fred Christoph ersonWe passed over some of the spots with which we had become familiar on our Parisward trav els So far as I can learn my part ner Fred Christopherson and I were the first Americans in civil ian clothes to enter and leave Paris since its fall to the nazis 4i years ago We were really a nov elty there Mylast goodbye in Paris was addressed to Ernie Pyie who made the flight here on ah earlier plane ailmentfrom was suffering when I had breakfast with him the previ seemed somewhat ous morning improved At our English airport we had another pleasant contact with the Red Cross in theform of deli cious doughnuts andthe first cof fee I had tasted in 5 days Theres no coffee to be had as yet in Paris Everywhere Ive gone in Eng land and in France Ive been meeting up with the Red Cross and its magnificent work The or ganization is acehigh and de servedly so with the boys who are fighting this war Its living up to itsfinest traditions By a stroke or blind my luck has been amazing on this my final hours in Faris I was privileged to observe the dramatic ritual incident to the restoration of an heroic statue of King Edward VH to Its pedestal In the court connected with the Parisian theater bearing that monarchs name It seems the statues represent ing the grandfather of the present British monarch astride a charger had been torn down and taken away by the retreating Germans probably for the bronze it con tained In some manner it had been re captured and the Free French troops with British bigwigs as honored guests made its restora tion a picturesque rite As a large truck bearing the statue came slowly down a narrow drive the band broke into God Save the King then the Marseillaise The tnick drove up alongside the lofty pedestal and official movie men recorded the scene for history as well as for the contem porary press A crowd filled the circular court and balconies in the 5story building which ringed the court were filled to overflowing I had happened by at just the right moment and my formidable looking war correspondent card had got me by the outer guard These credentials I might add have opened many another gate for me too The day I arrived in Paris it was reported that 2 Ey bombs had passed over the city to light harm lessly in a suburban area I never did learn for certain whether the report was true But it didnt add to my peace of mind Frankly Ive seen heard and felt enough of those develish creations Theyre my selfish rea son for satisfaction in the days big news as I return to London namely that the allied armies have moved deep into the lowland countries flanking the robot bombs launching installations SOVIET TROOPS RACE TOWARD TALLINN PORT Seek to Trap Any Nazis Escaping From Finland Into Estonia Moscow IP Marshal Leonid A Govorovs red army veterans of Leningrad having destroyed the northern anchorage of the German Baltic line in a massive sweep across Estonia raced for ward Thursday in a doublebar reled drive for the enemy escape port One wing of Govorovs forces thrusting west from Narva has captured Hahlka less than 65 miles east Tallinn a Russian war bulletin disclosed Wednes day night and presumably was even closer Thursday Govorovs 2nd wing was spearing north from Tartu London estimated this force was less than 50 miles from Tallinn on the southeast Moscows guns thundered a salute to Govorov for his 4 days gains ranging front 37 to 44 miles wiping outformidable German defenses between lake Feipus and the Finnish gulf Seeking to trap or annihilate any German troops from Finland who may reach Estonia Govorov turned the enemys flank and sent his troops rushing through the center of the little northern country like atidal wave Govorovs northern troops fol lowing the NarvaTallinn rail way were within artillery range of the key rail town of Hakvere and closing in on Tapa important rail junction only 45 miles south east of Tallinn Meanwhile on the approaches to the Latvian port of Riga Gen Ivan C Bagramians columns cap tured an additional 100 settlements frorri a fanatically resisting foe and again hurled back tank and infantry attacks aimedat his com FIRST PICTURE OF PELELIU Globe Gazette presents above first picture of the invasion of Peleliu in the Palau islands Here are shown U S marines as they cover after storming ashore in the invasion of the Japanese stronghold Marine amtracts hit by Jap mortar fire burn in the background Conquest of the island was virtually completed Thursday Associated Press wire photo Kay en ay engraving Tank Troops Capture Bridge Push Toward Air Army at Arnhem London armor and American parachute troops have captured the Nijmegen bridge across the main branch of the Rhine in Holland saving the important span from German destruction and paving the way into Germany Thursday the allied forces swung across the bridge toward Arnhem where surrounded sky troops had been battling grimly for control of the last river crossings before Germany German broadcasts Thursday night said the cutoff air borne forces had been relieved by troops of the British 2nd army The Germans no allied that 2800 of the British 1st airborne division had been captured With the northern end of their historic Rhine river de fense line punctured except for its last watercourse by the sweeping threat the Germans scraped up a large part of Assault Chain of Jap Cave Fortresses on Peleliu Isle BULLETIN Allied Headquarters Southwest Pacific IUR Marines fighting across sheer jagged coral Thursday assaulted a chain of superbly constructed Japanese cave fortresses on the ridges of western Peleliu under battle conditions worse than those at Tarawa Guadalcanal and Saipan front dispatches reported Richard W Johnston United Press war correspondent who went in at the beach at Tarawa municatibns base of Jelgava Between Bagrarffians aud Gov orovs forces the 2 armies of Gen Andrei Yeremenko and Gen Ivan Maslennikov surged forward In an attempt to slice the German front in half in the vicinity of the com mon border of Estonia and Latvia In the past 2 days Russian com muniques have announced Ger man loss of 4750 populated places in the soviet Baltic drive The red army was officially si lent on the battle for Warsaw and the drive from Transylvania to ward the plains of Hungary The Russian war bulletin said the red army air force made new raids on Budapest and the Hun garianheld Transylvanian town of SatuMare both with good re sults v The Germans said Russian groups which crossed the wide Vistula at Warsaw were smashed completely in a counterattack and that 9 landing boats were de stroyed or One of the most sustained as saults in the history of Russian aviation blasted nonstop against Hungarian rail centers and mili tary installations as Marshal Mal inovsky pushed his RussianRo manian columns beyond Timiso ara to less than 30 miles from Hungary proper Should he turn south he would imperil the Ger man garrison 70 miles away at Belgrade If he moves north he would strike at the vulnerable and scaled Mt Tapotchau on Sai pan reported from Palau Peleliu ridge surpasses them both He disclosed that the 1st and 7th marines had suffered considerable casualties From connecting caves equipped with steel doors Japs were re ported pouring a crossfire of smaU arms mortarr at leatherne cks inching their over the sharp coral The surface was so rough that men injured themselves merely by falling down Maj Gen Hoy S Geiger said the terrain was the worst I ever saw From the standpoint of terri tory captured the marines ap peared near the end of the Peleliu campaign because they hold two thirds of the island Farther west landbased Liber ator bombers intensifying the twoway drive on the Philippines battered the port of Davao with out oppositionMonday Tokyo radio Indicated that the Japanese feared an American landing in the Philippines WEU imminent More than 50 Libera tors pf the Far Eastern air fore carried out the attack on Davao showering 120 tons of bombs on airdromes supply and personne installations The heavy raid first large scale operation since carrie planes from Admiral William F Halseys 3rd fleet hit Mindana nearly 2 weeks ago came as sol dlers and marines were cteanin up enemy forces on Morotai 25 miles south of the Philippines and in the southern Palan is lands to the east The armys 81st wildcat d vision already had crushed Japa rear of a large enemy group northern Transylvania in nese opposition on Angaur islam after killing 6CO enemy troops and the first division marines were digging out the remnants of the ounced that the marines killed total of 7045 Japanese approxi ately threefourths of Peleius arrison in less than one week of itter fighting on the strategic land 560 miles east of the Phil ipines The small remaining enemy orce on Peleliu continued to fight itter y from pillboxes in the dges andcaves on the western oast but a communique said the marines were making steady if lpvyprogtess In pne sector 11 apariese fields guns 73 uns r and mortars fsp On the fight flank alone the astern shore enemy resistance ractically ended with only a few travelers to be mopped up Headquarters revealed that the army troops which overwhelmed he Japanese on Angaur in 4 days vere seeing combat for the first me Gen Douglas MacArthurs steppedup aerial offensive against he also brought new attacks on the Talaud islands learly midway to Morotai Cele bes Ceram and Amboina The raids including the heavy strike on Davao failed to bring a single Japanese plane into the air and only meager antiaircraft fire Mitchell medium bombers and Lightning fighters joined in a heavy attack on Celebes island airdromes 200 miles south of Mindanao for the 16th time in the last 17 days Four enemy planes were destroyed on the ground It also was disclosed that a number of canoes carrying Japanese sol diers were sunk in recent attacks on Celebes indicating the straits of enemy shipping A communique revealed that light naval craft presumably PT boats from Morotai were opera ting in the Halmahera island area and sank one enemy barge In the ground operations on Monrotai a headquarters spokes man said the American troops have estabished a 12 mile peri FIGHTING NEAR ARNHEM BITTER Sniping at Yanks by Nazis Is Continuous By STANLEY MAXTED The Combined U S Press With Allied Airborne Troops In the Arnhem Area Holland Sept is con tinuing bitterly throughout this area Wednesday There have been moments when our position looked very sticky but you would never know it from the faces of the men dug in amongthe hedge rows along the road side behind trees or where have7 you Our hopes havegone up Wed arrival on 2 separate occasions of Stirling and Douglas transports with muchneeded supplies The planes flew through murderous flak to drop them to us On this 4th day our ears are wide open to the sound of guns 10lmiles away as the 2nd army approaches coming south to relieve this from the surrounded bunch of fighting men who are hanging on and trading punches with a steadilyreinforced enemy Sniping is going on continuous F R Calls for Missouri Basin TVA Washington resident Roosevelt urged congress Wed nesday to establish a plan of de velopment of the Missouri river basin similar to that in the Ten nessee valley and renewed for mer pleas for setting up Arkansas and Columbia river development organizations He sent to congress a resolution adopted by all the Missouri river states except repre sentative was absent at the time the vote was a coordinated plan to develop that region for the greatest benefit ol its citizens both present and fu ture and for the greatest bene fit to the llmted Slates were Colorado Wyoming Mon tana North and South Dakota Nebraska Kansas and Missouri The resolution Mr Roosevelt told congress very properly asks that the legislation dealing with matters relating to the waters of the Missouri river basin recognize that it is dealing with one river and one problem and points out the necessity of a comprehensive development of the Missouri river indicating that there can be no Hitler Puts Many Tanks Into Battle By WES GALLAGHER AlsaceLorraine Adolf Hitler has thrown in a large por tion of his armored forces against the U S third army and for 3 days this armored force has been engaged in the greatest single tank least their upper Rhine line their remaining armor and hurled it into battle along the Moselle 200 miles to the south There the U S 3rd army was engaged in its greatest series of tank bat tles since the invasion of France Fighting through rugged hills and forests northeast of Nancy veteran American tankmen de stroyed 105 nazi tanks field dis patches stated as the Germans struggled desperately to save at ly and seems to come from the most unexpected places but the mortar fire is the worst All of these men are heroes but not one of them knows it In a nearby town the Germans are sniping from the sniping at medical parties The fighting is the most re lentless I have ever seen There is no quarter Thats the way it has to be Japanese force jammed in a pocket near the western shore of Peleliu Admiral Chester W Nimitz an meter on the island to protect con struction work on the Pitu air field STOPPED NAZI COLUMN An American Post in Holland Lyle B Doak Grundy Center Iowa was one of 6 enlisted men who with a major general 1 colonel and 3 lieutenants held up a heavily armed nazi column of 117 vehicles for 15 minutes while American tanks got into position for an ambush on the other side HIT RAILROADS TO NAZI LINES Ludwigshafen Oil Plane Also Hit byBombers London planes bombed railyards supplying the Siegfried line at Mainz and Cqb lenz Thursday struck an oil plant on the Rhine at Ludwigshafen and supported allied aircraft in the continuing airborne invasion of Holland a U S 8th air force communique said A thousand or more heavy bombers and fighters were em ployed Medium forces of more than 400 Flyiiig Fortresses and Liberators bombed visually at Mainz onthe Rhine near Frankfort 75 miles behind invested Trier in the main frontier defenses but used instru ments at Coblcnz and Ludwig shafen The heavy bombers attacked other unspecified targets in west ern Germany Hundreds of Thunderbolt and Mustang fighters escorted the bombers and also supported the 5th successive day of airborne landings in Holland piecemeal legislative program The resolution asks that the congress should recognize now the problem in its entirity as it af fects the people the Missouri basin and their economic destiny taken but v and that the United States unscathed I am in hearty accord with these principles I hope that the congress will give careful and early consideration to the creation of this federal authority to con sider the problem in its entirety remembering always that any ap propriations to carry out any plan are and will be within the com plete control of the congress and that the interest of each of the states in the basin will of course be Kiven full consideration I am sure that none of the states in the Tennessee river basin have lost any of their rights be cause of the creation of the au thority in that valley The president recalled that he had suggested similar authorities for the Arkansas river watershed from the Mississippi all the way west of its source in Colorado and for the states of Washington Ore gon Idaho and Montana in the Columbia river basin I now make a similar recom mendation for the Missouri river basin he said battle since the landings in France The battle has seen the destruc tion of 105 nazi tanks As this is being written on a box of bazooka shells American artillery shells are whistling over head at a number of Mark VI Ti ger and Mark V Panther tanks dug in near Bures 18 miles north east of Nancy From there an irregular battle line is active in a wide arc north to points near ChateauSalins there is no regular line of tanks Both forces rarige many miles on both sides of these lines in sorties Much of the mobile forces at the disposal of the German army has been thrown recklessly into battle Many of the destroyed Ti ger tanks dotting the battle area had just had their numbers painted on them in the factory It is the first time the Germans have committed their armor in this strength since the fighting at Caen in Normandy Battling the Panzer veterans some from the Russian front are young American tankmen who have given more than they have taken but who have not come out Americans in other sectors brought the total to at least 131 enemy tanks destroyed Despite the ferociousness of Ihe German effort however French troops of the third army drove close to FHn 5 miles north of Bac Congress in Recess Until After Election Washington voted to recess Thursday to Tuesday Nov week after Ihe national elections Many members began leaving the capital homeward bound to put a whirlwind finish on their political campaigns soon after the house concurred in the senates adjumment resolution arrat and 20 miles southeast of Nancy The Nijmcgen bridge a mile and a half long concrete structure was seized ihtact by British armor striking swiftly the SouttC arid American elements of the first allied airborne army whiclf hit from the north The British tanks then crossed the Waal the Rhines largest arm and streamed northward to the re lief of the beleaguered pocket at Arnhem key to the Em merich gateway to the Ruhr and northern Germany Arnhem on the Neder Ryn is 8 miles north of Nijmegen Some Germans were reported still holding out in Nijme gen itself however American flying Fortresses and Liberators flew to bomb Coblenz and Mainz ccneral Rhine distribu tion points behind the front as the fighting flared to a decisive stage with the allied armies a month ahead of their timetable The British and airborne troops attacked the Nijmegen bridge from front and rear so quickly the Ger mans had no opportunity to blow up the huge concrete crossing The desperate German attempt to avert disaster on the lower Rhine took the form of coordinated KILLED BT SNIPERS Paris Gen James E Wharton was killed by a German sniper at the front Aug 12 while commanding an infantry division the army disclosed Thursday He was born in Elk N Mex GEN MacARTHTJR WADES Douglas MacArthur allied com mander in the southwest Pacific wades his landing the inva sion of Morotai island in the Halmaheras of Beside him naval doctor A Jap oil dump is burning in rear Death Separates 85 Year Old Twin Brothers Muucie Ind lifelong companionship of Thomas P Mur phy and Joe Murphy 85 year old twin brothers was ended Thurs day Thomas died Wednesday night The twins who were born in Philadelphia and came here 49 years ago shared a common house and even a common pipe Neither was married They were boxing fans and claimed personal friend ship with John L Sullivan Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and cooler Thursday night and Friday Iowa Fair through Friday mostly cloudy Friday night cooler Thursday night with scattered frost in the northwest and north central portions warmer Friday night Minnesota Fair Thursday night and Friday cool Thursday night and continued cool Friday scat tered frost west portion IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 74 Minimum Wednesday night 53 At 8 a m Thursday 55 YEAR AGO Maximum 62 Minimum 41 WHERE MENACE TO GERMAN FLANK rows locate allied drives including a union of British 2nd army and allied airborne troops reported near Nijmegeh in Holland to increase the threat broken arrow to the German right flank American 1st army guns shelled the German towns of Duren A and Prum   

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