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Mason City Globe Gazette: Saturday, September 16, 1944 - Page 1

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   Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 16, 1944, Mason City, Iowa                                NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COUP EPJkfiTWENT OF RY AND ARC HI THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ACL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS iTfflir VOL Associated Pro and United Press Full Leased Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA SATDBDAY SEFTEMBEK 19U NO No Buildings Left Standing in St Lo By W EARL HALL GlobeGazette Managing Editor Letter No IS Somewhere in Normandy Air Mail I rumbled out of St Lo late this afternoon in a lumbering army reconnaissance vehicle I looked upon a scene which seemed to me to epitomize the spirit in which wartorn France is en tering its gi gantic rehabiliv tation task A ladder was slanted into the gaping hole of a modest home a hole left by either a Ger m an or an American large shell It could have been ei ther for strate gically impor tant St Lo changed hands 3 times At the base of the ladder was a middleaged mother Midway on the ladder was a lad of junior high school age At the top was the father The mother was picking up roof GET THROUGH SIEGFRIED LINE Marines Fight Toward Peleliu Isle A irstrip tile dislodged by the blast and handing them to the son The son shinning the ladder and get ting them to the father The father was putting the tile back in place on the roof It was a family cooperative job Thats the way its going to be in devastated St Lo and a hun dred other French cities where wars heavy hand has been felt It will not be a task easily or quickly accomplished But its a job that will be done The fire which once was liberty loving France has been rekindled Of that Im confident following my 4 days here I have been under the impres sion that Casino to the south of Rome was the one most bomb battered city in the world To night as I write this in a treecon cealed hut close to a spot where some of the most important deci sions of this war have been reached Im wondering about this OPPOSITION BY JAPS IS FIERCE lUT YANKS GAIN Nipponese Tanks Used in CounterAttacks Are Thrown Back By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS American marines battled against stiff resistance Saturday toward the airstrip on Peleliu is land in the Palaus while another Yank force on Morotai island readied easilyrcaptured Pltoe air field for use in the coming battle for the Philippines Established on a 2 mile long Peleliu beachhead marines of the Guadalcanalfamed first division pushed ahead against furious op position from an estimated 8000 Japanese defenders Losses were light in the initial landings Adm Chester W Nimitz announced Friday night and sev eral enemy counterattacks em ploying tanks were thrown back by our ground forces with strong air and naval support Capture of the airstrip woul give allied forces driving to wan the Philippines a bomber base 51o miles east of Davao southern Philippines and would provide field from which fighter am assumption Im wondering If any place could be more completely rained than St Lo Not a building is standing Most of them have been Berlin Says Inns Fighting With Germans London Hitler de lared Saturday that German in Finland were unable to lear out by the Sept 15 deadline nd Berlin broadcasts indicated ghting already had broken out n Finland between the Germans nd Russians Finland apparently was on the erge of beginning a new war with er erstwhile cobelligerent Ger many even before formally con luding peace in her old war with Russia A special communique from the uebrers headquarters declared he Germans in Finland would ontinue to protect their security gainst any attackers as Stockholm lispatches reported that Finland pparently was moving toward a eclaralion of war on Germany Berlin broadcasts said German detaching movements were being carried out in Finland despite Russian efforts to interfere A British broadcast recorded y OWI said the Russians already had encircled 2 German divisions n fighting their way through Some have walls staija lag in grotesque paittrns against the sky From what used to be the rail road station in the valley close by the river I looked over twist ed masonry to an ancient castle set in a cliff Beyond it was the remains of a church spire Walking through the ruins I came upon the remains of a nazi soldier The body lay crumpled in the bottom of a dugout where protection had been sought by him By him was his gas mask a knife and an unopened can of concentrated rations My nose told me of my ap proach to this unpleasant scene before my eyes did Strewn about the debris in the vicinity were the twisted rem nants of bicycles a cask of cider now turned to vinegar and numer ous nazi propaganda booklets newspapers and postcards Obvi ously it was a business block which had been converted into a German billeting area A bridge nearby of concrete construction had been moved from its base a couple of feet but It was still standing Streets had been cleared of most of their rub ble but the surfacing was such as to preclude a speed of more than 5 miles an hour Mostly St Lo is still a ghost city Probably not more than 1 out of 10 of its 30000 population have returned from the places to which they escaped when the I strong point became a battle ground Almost without exception the children on the street as well as the adults greeted me and my party with the 2fingered victory salute My moneys on a people for whom freedom is more precious than home Thats the case with liberated France today Bricker Charges F R Sold Demos to PAC Parkersburg W Va Gov John W Bricker of Ohio told a Parkersburg audience Friday night that Mr Roosevelt had sold the democratic party to the political action committee o the I condemn the president of the United States for selling out his party of great history and serv ice to such a gang Bricker said and I condemn Sidney Hillmai for the harm he is doing the cause of labor in the United States Hillman is head of the PAC WINS SCHOLARSHIP Chicago ff Audrey Sherman Anamosa Iowa was one of 4 win ners of collegeaid scholar ships in the American Legion Auxiliarys national president scholarship contest it was an nounccd here Friday night Only persons eligible for the scholar ship are orphans of veterans in their senior year or graduates o an accredited high school bombers could neutralize othe Japanese holdings in the Palaus including the only other usabl airfield on Anguar to the south The Japanese admitted Satur day that the marine landing fore abeachhead afterbe ing Vepuls ed1 several Broadcasts by the Japanese Frida claimed the forces had been com pletely repulsed with heavj losses Engineer troops which lande General Douglas Mac AT inrs forceson Morotai island in he Halmaheras 375 miles soot f Davao were at work puttin le grass and tree covered Pita irstrip into condition for use i erial blows against Mindanai 00 miles to the northwest Associated Press Corresponden ipencer Davis reported from VIorotai that sixth army troops oc upied the abandoned field a scan lour after the first wave hit th seachhead againstonly scattere niper fire which was quickl overcome Finland is pledged by agreement with Russia to use her own troops with red army assistance if neces sary to round up nazi divisions re maining on her soil after last mid night The broadcast German bulletin said that both the Russians and the Finns knew Sept 2 when they presented the demand for evacur ation of the German divisions that such a movement could not be completed by Sept 15The Ger required for the evacTS ation Fulfillment of this request Is made all the more difficult by the fact that the enemy prevented dis engagement of our troops by un interrupted attacks the declara tion added The German army in Finland will therefore also in the time after Sept 15 be guided dur ing all its movements and meas ures by the viewpoints of its own security against any aggressors This challenge followed an abor tive German attack upon the Fin nish Island of Suursaari Hog land in the Gulf of Finland A London broadcast recorded by CBS said the Finnish garrison on the Ahvenanmaa Aland islands at the neck of the Gulf of Bothnia received reinforcements PATROLS SCOUT NAZI DEFENSES ABOOTWARSAW Blazing Polish Capital Is in Full View of Russian Attackers Moscow army patrols have crossed the Vistula from cap tured Praga and scouted German positions at Warsaw while Russian and Polish troops hurled back the first big nazi armored attack upon their positions in the east bank suburb field dispatches said Sat urday Eleven localities north of Praga were declared seized by Russian and Polish units increasing the pressure upon Warsaw The patrols were reported to have brought back information on the disposition of nazi defenses in the besieged Polish capital but Moscow had no information on whether a crossing had been ac complished in force The army newspaper Red Star said the Germans sent numerous tanks and selfpropelled guns to aid their troops between the Vis tula and the western Bug but nothing helped Tank warfare inthePraga sec tor is becoming the most severe of the entire war Most of the 110 tanks which the midnight Rus sian communique reported de stroyed were in the Praga area ft the Hed Star dispatch said the blazing smoking city of Warsaw forces on the banks ofthe Vistula1 at Praga First photographs flown back from Praga to Moscow showed that many of Warsaws buildings were shattered and where the flames and smoke were not billowing the buildings looked gutted and ruined Reconnaissance disclosed that red army artillery and air power had already driven nazi troops from a 100yard strip between the west bank of the Vistula and the first line of buildings in Warsaw Meanwhile there was reason here to believe that violent Jight Yankees Completely Penetrate Fortified Defences Near Aachen London units of the Berlinbound U S 1st army have completely penetrated the Siegfried line in a push that ringed Aachen possibly broke into the strong point and thrust on 6 miles or more deeper into Germany supreme headquarters announced late Saturday Complete penetration means that troops have gone through the whole previouslyprepared fortified line But headquarters stressed that this did not necessarily mean a breakthrough of the vaunted Siegfried defenses had been accomplished though it suggested such a fact A break through is not regarded as achieved until the breach has been sufficiently exploited so more m troops can be poured through S Troops Are 12 Miles in Germany YANKS ENTER BREST UNDER nazi gun fire U S infantrymen advance into outskirts of Brest France TAKE UP ISSUES INVOLVING NAZIS Conferences With Stalin Are Possible ing was breaking out in many new sectors 01 the eastern front with the initiative completely with the red army Preparations were said to be complete for the Russians autumn and winter campaign It was be lieved to be only a matter of days before German forces from Fin land to Yugoslavia will bear the brunt of drives by veteran Russian armies refreshed and eager to march into the reich Moscow reports said the Soviets were particularly eager to resume their Baltic campaign A Berlin broadcast said the Russians in a new offensive crossed the Nyemanek river 37 miles below Riga the Latvian cap ital on the Baltic sea There was no confirmation from Moscow of the new drive aimed at crushing two German armies of the north i the military strategy for Japan President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill were winding tip their 2nd Quebec ference Saturday amid expecta tions that Europes explosive war marches may require further per sonal talks possibly with Premier Stalin There is no official word on possibilities of a meeting place which Stalin could attend From London came word that Anthony Eden the British foreign secretary brought arguments here for a clarification of Anglo American and Russian views par ticularly as to the Polish border question In Quebec conference circles however Edens trip is under stood to be related more parti cularly to plans for dealing with Germany after the impending nazi military collapse On the pos sibility of more immediate talks between Roosevelt and Churchill there was no official comment for security reasons With the Pacific military pat tern charted on the AngloAmeri can council table the next con versations turned primarily to ward shredding the nazi crazy quilt in Europe and on postwar occupation and economic clamps on Germany and her kin Paris Radio Says Brest ts Captured London Paris radio aid Saturday night that Brest the IVrenciu naval x base in T Britta ny mated 12000 Germans taken Says All Buddies Are Gone Only Grls Left Pottsville Pa Walter J Rogers though happy to be home after 15 months lighting in the Italian campaign sadly said All my buddies are gone Theres no one to go out with except girls INVASIONS AT PHILIPPINES invasion forces have landed on Palau island 600 miles east of Mindanao and on Morotai island in the Halmaheras within 300 miles of the Philippines Marine and army forces supported by guns of Adm William f Halseys 3rd fleet stormed the Palau bastion while Gen Douglas Mac Arthur landed with the amphibious forces onMtirbtai Distances From Fronts to Berlin Are Listed By the Associated Tress front 315 mile from 1 front 312 mile from outside front 583 miles from below Earlier the Berlin radio 3rest was in flames but said that ighting was continuing with American troops within a mile of naval headquarters Fire is consuming every part of the town the nazi broadcast said and amid the flames the lattle rages with undiminished fury Commander Kaehler brought coastal longrange guns into the southern part of the town where hey now serve as closerange ar illery against the attacking Amer can waves Explosions still are shaking the down as big buildings and harbor installations are betng Dlown up By WILLIAM S WHITE With the U S 1st Army Invad ing Germany IP The whole Siegfried line is in direct peril Saturday from several break throughs made by American in fantry south of Aachen These penetrations have placed our forward troops beyond the lines of the last fixed fortifica tions in that area Tanks at the same time smashed forward east of Aachen The deepest penetration of Ger many is about 12 miles American patrols have been going into Aachen itself although the town is not yet in 1st army control Due east of Aachen the Ameri cans broke the 2nd line of the Siegfried fortifications but in this area some fixed obstacles stiU re main to be reduced In the Dutch area north of Aachen other powerful American forces not yet engaged on German soil are moving steadily up to the enemy frontier The nazis are trying frequent counterattacks although usually in no greater force than a bat talion at a time The enemy is throwing in over aged men convalescents and even mental defectives Soldier Finds Second Food Can Disappointing Springfield Sgt Bernard HI IP Master C Sheehan sta tioned in England asked his par ents in Springfield for some cooked spaghetti and chow mein They sent it in a specially pre pared tin can Sgt Sheehan heated it before tasted fine He repeated the process with a 2nd can he received but this was a disappointment It contained pipe tobacco IOWA FLYER KILLED Colorado Springs Colo Flight Officer Dewayne N Eyler son of Mrs Anna Eyler Sioux City Iowa was killed when a Liberator bomber crashed near Colorado Springs Thursday Turn Maginot Guns on Nazis Inside Maginot Line Sept 16 7 p manned guns in the old French Maginot line Saturday and shelled German po sitions at Thionville across the Moselle river near the Luxem bourg border Dirtyfaced infantrymen from an artillery company enthusias tically loaded and fired the Krupp weapons corresponding to the American 105 mm guns They poured at least 300 rounds into German emplacements at Thionville and smoke was seen above the rooftops The guns were used for the first time at 4 p m Friday when each of them fired one round First Lt Robert J Henderson 25 of Yuma Colo said then We will fire quite a jew more by Saturday The main stronghold seized here was Fort Gingringen which was built in 1870 and modernized by the French in 1919 In 1940 the Germans replaced the French installed 75 mm with Krupp manufactured 105s The Ameri cans captured these intact with their ammunition freely preventing the enemy from sealing off the gap by hurling in mobile reserve forces The thrust through a 10 mile wide breach beyond Aachen was one of 4 developing invasions of the reich The Berlinradio mean while indicated a breakthrough approaching the Rhine 150 miles to the south in France i The Siegfried line was com pletely penetrated by first army elements just 24 hours after Lt Gen Courtney H Hodges forces battered into its outer defenses headquarters said The drive carried the hard hitting first army on to a super 80 mile an hour speedway on the last 30 miles to Cologne and the speedway built by Hit OT to invade the west and now likely to be used against him Aachen the capital of Charlemagnes empire of the west and keystone of the whole northern arc of the Siegfried line to be toppling The bypassed fortress town was held in a tightening can Ting of iron German casts reported fighting juisfdeythe city but later claimed thetrtiops that fought their way in had been repulsed Besides their power drive be yond encircled Aachen a Siegfried fortress American first army men deepened 2 other wedges into the forUfication system and made a crossing of the reichs frontier The front at Aachen was widen ed to 15 miles with capture of Lammersdrof to the southeast 3rodcasts reported street fighting m Aachen Berlin radio indicated the U S me third army sweep east of Nancy m was APPROACHING Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Mostly cloudy with scattered thundershowers Sat urday afternoon ending Satur day night Sunday partly cloudy Not much change in tempera ture Iowa Mostly cloudy Scattered thundershowers Saturday end ing Saturday night Cooler west and warmer in extreme cast Sunday partly cloudy Cooler extreme east Warmer west Minnesota Partly cloudy Satur day night and Sunday Cooler Saturday night and warmer northwest and extreme west portion Sunday Fresh to occa sionally strong winds IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Friday 74 Friday night 60 At 8 a m Saturday 60 YEAR AGO Maximum 68 Minimum 43 Flying Bombs Blast London After 10 Days Without Raids London U 10day respite from the flying bomb terror ended explosively just before dawn Saturday when a number of robots hurtled down on London spreadt ing death and injury through the sleeping city Some blind bombs landed in the southern counties causing damage and casualties It was the first terror attack since a m on the morning of Sept 5 when the nazis fired a few parting salvoes from their now captured robot bases in northern France into southern England London had not been hit since Aag 31 There was no immediate indi cation whether the new attacks were directed from the northern Dutch coast 200 or more miles from London or from nazi pick aback planes operating at closer range The bombs were described as the same type as those with which the Germans had been bombard ing London from bases in France dispelling the idea that the enemy J might have brought his promised rockets action The renewed terror bombing Itnt veight to recent official warnings that although the battle against the robots has been won some danger still exists Thousands of women and chil dren have been pouring back into London from safe evacuation areas out of range of the robots and most of them were expected to leave the capital again Lord Woolton minister of re construction told a press con ference Friday that the nazi ro bots had destroyed 23000 houses in London and damaged 1104000 German bombings before the advent Vl destroyed 84000 houses in the capital Woolton added reiterating his warning that the nazis might come up with new devilish instruments of de struction BULLETINS Third Army Headquarters American armor which crossed the Moselle has wheeled north and cut in behind the Germanheld French fortress of Meti in a maneuver threatening to outflank the stub bornly resisting bastion it was announced Saturday With Marine Assault Forces on Palau who sprint ed up the beach at Pelelicu a few hours ago now are clamping a 3 way pincers on the air field sole invasion objective on this island NEW York Atlanlik clandestine German language sta tion whose location never has been disclosed said Saturday al lied forces had captured Eschwcil er 7 miles northeast of Aachen and were only 21 miles from Cologne The broadcast was re corded by NBC New York The British radio quoting a communique is sued by the Greek government in Cairo said Greek patriots had liberated Kalamata and Pyrgos important ports on the Gulf of Messenia in the Peleponnesus The broadcast was recorded by the I FCC THE RHINE A fluctuating bat tle is on in the eastern Vosges mountains which come down to the Knine it declared A front dispatch Friday night sa d resistance far beyond Nancy into the Vosges toward the Ger man border 50 to 70 miles away was scattered only after a scissors attack had caved in the whole south end of the Germans Moselle line The armored drive of the third was underway again it said and soon had pushed 10 to 15 miles beyond Nancy The fourth crossing of the Ger man frontier came 63 miles below Aachen and about midway be tween the thrusts already denting nazi fortifications near Trier and Prum 1 Supreme headquarters declared a grand allied drive was beating eastward along a curving 500 mile front from the Swiss frontier south of Belfort to the channel coast around the Schelde estuary near the Dutch border The drive beyond Aachen ap parently contained the gravest threat to the Germans Although there was no doubt that the main steel and concrete defenses of the Siegfried line had been breached supreme head quarters took the official view that more of the lines positions LIE AHEAD of the U S 1st army spearhead which was driving down the last 30 miles toward Cologne and the Rhine river and pointed toward Berlin 315 miles away It was said to be difficult to tell immediately when the Amer ican troops actually were through the last of the deep defense zone At least one more belt of mine fields pillboxes and gnnposts may be found west of the Rhine Aachen itself the first great fort center to be pinched out and a guardian of the invasion route to the German capital along the northern European plain was closed in a tightening iron ring and appeared about to fall German broadcasts said there was fighting INSIDE THE CITY indicating that the American cleanup assault had broken through its last line of defense A front line dispatch said Field Marshal Gen Karl Rudolf Gerd von Rundstedt Prussian strategist was believed to have returned as the top German commander in the west apparently replacing Field Marshal Gen Walther von Model Both Field Marshal Gen Guen   

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