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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 31, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY ANO ARCHIVES fl E S KOIN S IA THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES All NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION THTTT Associated Fren and United Press Full Leued Wins Five Cents a Copy I MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY AUGUST 31 Ibis Paper Consists of Two One NO 288 HALL Flies Ocean But Fails to See Open Sea By W EARL HALL GlobeGazette Managing Editor Letter No 4 London Air last time I crossed the Atlantic ocean I spent 11 days on what wasnt considered a bad ocean liner It wasnt noted for speed and the weather was a bit rough Last week I covered the same distance in less than 20 hours of actual flying time with comfort an d conven iences that com pare favorably with the most modem railroad train As we winged through the darkness one night I harked back to a day less than 20 years ago when fame came to young American for a lone flight over this same expanse of water That young man was saluted as intrepid And indeed he was But theres a satisfying assurance today for a passenger in the roar ot those 4 great motors out there in front Its my painful duty to confess that this particular novice at long distance flying actually cresset without once seeing the open sea The story is that when there wasnt darkness there was n d o clouds between me and the water If that isnt one for the books its at least one for my own diary Facilities on the giant ship in eluded a dining room and lounge Sleeping accommodations take th form of upper and lower berths with each well over 7 leet long Food served in the most formal way by the ship steward opened up with a delicious consomme and marched along by courses in the most approved manner It wont be like this when you get to London the Britishers in our party kept reminding us And they were dead right You can live aU tight on a London you wont get fatI assure you More about that later Our party on the plane consisted of11 from Britain 5 from Cana da 1 fromjndia 1 from Australia arid both can colleague Voiiu this mission is Fred Christophersbn editor of the Sioux Falls S Dak ArgusLead erone ol themiddle wests excel lent daily newspapers Two of the Britishers one a woman had represented their government at the Breton Woods N H monetary conference A diplomat from a Central American republic was returning to enter the RAF in an administrative ca pacity on account of his age Then there were others with missions so confidential that they couldnt be mentioned AU in all it was a most Inter esting party From the Canadians we learned the latest score politi cally in our dominion neighbor and from the English passengers we obtained a preview of the British to be visited persons to be seen and the like Our final leg into London in volved a railroad trip of some thing more than 100miles At each of the several sizable cities passed through long queues of uniformed to get aboard By the time we reached here the conductor was having to descend to the station platforms to move from one car to another The J English countryside was beautiful in a dif ferent way from 1927 when I vis ited here Now its a utilitarian beauty The areas which then were in parks and golf courses etc are now turned to foodproducing Theresult is thatwhereas once only about 30 per cent of the food requirements for this tight little island produced on home soil the proportion spite the tensof thousands of acres in approached 75 per cent But more about this on another day NAZIS FLEE ON 150 MILE FRONT I British Tanks Gain 60 Miles in 48 Hours Take Amiens Allies Inflicted 400000 Casualties on Germans in North France Since DDay Washington armies in northern France have inflicted more than 400000 casualties on the nazis since Dday General Eisen hower reported Thursday including the destruction ot 25 enemy divisions and the severe HERE WE ARE on the midway of the North Iowa fair Back in 1942 of course this picture was taken but after last years tabloid edition of the fair the 1944 fair will be back again in full swing for 4 days and nights The John Francis Shows will be on the midway to liven Fair Gets Ready for Grand Opening Friday Gates Free PROGRAM ON PAGE 15 More than 150 youngsters oE the farms of CerroGordo county were preparing to move their 4H calves and other projects to the North up the grounds and a full program of changing acts and night shows has been booked for the grandstand to give fair goers all the entertainment they can possibly take in over one single weekend Its a full time fair again this year with afree old times way back when skies through Monday will be entry day and the iates will be opened at 9 oclock n the morning There is no admis sion at the outside gate this year although a fee will be charged for cars parked on the grounds Judging will start oil Friday af ternoon and will continue through Saturday The 4H Baby Beef sale starting at oclock Monday morning will mark the climax of the livestock projects for these 4H youngsters this year On Saturday judging contests will be held for the 4H boys and demonstrations will be given on Sunday afternoon Prizes will be awarded oh the exhibits and the Victory gardens Friday and Satur began to hursday f of this da vf air club meiybersT when their cattle are marketed and the farm books are closed for the opening of school books once plans for next years projects are again set in motion Mental Patient Eluded 2 Guards Just After He Was Recaptured Clarinda 27 year old mental patient sought for 2 weeks after his escape from Clarinda State hospital is still at large hospital authorities said Thurs day The man was captured last Sat urday at Melbourne but officials here said the patient eluded his 2 guards who were returning him to the hospital Saturday night and hadnt been seen since He slipped away from the guards near Atlantic officials said when they stopped at a fiil ing station to have a tire fixed Before his capture at Melbourne by civilian defense workers he had successfully evaded county officers for 2 weeks Polk Bar year War Bonds and fnm yovr GfobeGazette carrier day Throughout the entire 4 days something will be happening each hour There will be farm machinery exhibits horse exhibits livestock canning projects and special ex hibits of the 4H girls projects in home making Although some of the buildings will not be in use this year being rented to the United States government many of the exhibitors of former years will be represented on the grounds are being erected for the xhibits of livestock and for spe cial exhibits The truck and vagons of the John Francis Shows vill arrive Friday with attractions galore for the midway ahd the irst of the night shows Ernie Toungs Victory Revue will ar rive Friday for the opening night performance which will be the only chance to sec this show A complete change of bill will ae on Saturday night when the Cavalcade of Hits opens for 2 day stand Sunday night will be the final performance of this extravaganza which will then move on to the South Dakota State fair Hoaglans Hippodrome and Cir cus Acts also will open on Sat urday afternoon to play a 3 day engagement This show is tops in horse shows featuring the best stock of the Blue Grass country The Hoaglan outfit carries its own horse tents blacksmith wardrobe cookhouse and all the effects of an entire circus This show will be featured in front of the grandstand on Saturday Sun day and Monday afternoons Throughout Friday Saturday and Sunday 6 acts of vaudeville will be shown in f r o n r of the grandstand afternoon andeve ning On Monday there will be a complete change of vaudeville and night show The Follies of 1944 being booked for that 1 night Throughout the 4 day and night program of this years enlarged fair the activities promoting and benefiting the war programs will be stressed Farms and gardens of CerrbGprdo countyconstitute one of its best defense industries This years fair is dedicated to the efforts of the people engrsed in this work North Iowa Fair time is the cli max of the years nroiects for 4H Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and continued cool Thursday night Friday anc Saturday fair with slowly ris ing temperature Iowa Fair through Saturday Continued rather cool Thursday afternoon and Thursday nighl Rising trend Friday and Satur day Fresh to strong winds diminishing Thursday night Minnesota Fair Thursday nigh and Friday except occasiona light rain northeast portion earl Thursday night Rather coo Thursday night and littl warmer Friday Strong wind diminishing slowly Thursda night uspended From Oil iusiness as Long as jasoline Is Rationed IMoline ML M Har er QuadCityoff ice of price ad ninistrafion district director air that liewis G Abel Fort Madison Ipwa hac een suspended from doing busi ess as the Abel Oil company for so long as gasoline shall be ra ioned Harper said Abel acceptec ny kind of coupons for gas valk r not and Had refused to allow OPA investigators to make a rou tine check of his station IN MASON GlobeGazette weather statistic Maximum Wednesday 73 Minimum Wednesday night 50 At 8 a m Thursday 53 YEAR AGO Maximum 87 Minimum 67 Precipitation 06 SOVIET TROOPS IN BUCHAREST Stalin Announces Reds EnterRoihaniariCapital V NAZI TANKS ASSAULTCZECHS Underground Gets Hold on Most Slovak Area London underground forces have seized almost all Slovak territory with the exception of border areas and the Germans have thrown tanks into heavy fighting the comman der of Czech forces in Slovakia reported Thursday through Lon London red army has broken into Bucharest capital ol Romania soviet Premier Marshal Josef Stalin announced in an or der of the day late Thursday Moscow IP The red army was believed Thursday to have entered Bucharest capital of Ro mania after capturing the grea Ploesti oil fields and preempting perhaps a third of the German petroleum supply At midnight the Russians were 17 miles from the city of 618000 after an advance of nearly 40 miles in a day through the capitu lated Balkan kingdom An official announcement was not yet made but Muscovites kept their radios tuned for an order of the day With the fall of Ploesti the way to Bucharest is open Red Star said Izvestia reported from captured Ploesti that the abrupt red army drive had prevented destruction of the Ploesti oil fields but added of 18 additional divisions In a report on operations in northern France from the land ings on the beaches June 6 up to Aug 25 Eisenhower supreme commander of the allied expedi tionary force reported that the German 7th army and the newly formed 5th panzer army have been decisively defeated drag ging down with them the bulk of the fighting strength of the en emys 1st and 15th armies He added that among the costs to the allies of this achievement was the loss of 3000 planes by the airforce in supporting the ground operations The equivalent of 3 panzer di visions have been destroyed and a further 6 severely mauled in cluding one panzer grenadier di vision said the report submitted by Eisenhower to the war de partment The equivalent of 20 infantry divisions have been eliminated he said and a further 12 very badly cut up and have suffered severe losses Included in this to tal of infantry divisions are 3 of the enemys crack parachute di visions In addition one parachute di vision and 2 infantry divisions lave no hope of escape from the fortress ports of the Brittany peninsula in which they are ma One infantry division is isolated in the channel islands Total enemy casualties amount to over 400000 killed wounded and prisoners of war of which over 200000 are prisoners of Eisenhower reported Of prisoners 135000 have been captufedVsincT total continues to mount One thousand three hundred CTiemyfanks and over 20000 mo tor transports have been cap tared or destroyed About 500 assault guns and 1500 field and heavier artillery guns have been captured or de stroyed In addition the enemy 2400 automatic rifles 1750 quar terton trucks 1500 mor tals and 83000 miles of field wire At our present strength and on a basis of strict rationing we are using 150000 tons of am munition per month This in cludes 40000000 rounds of 30 caliber800000 rounds of mortar and 900000 of 105mm ammuni tion These were only a Jew exam ples said Eisenhower nothing that many of the items used by the British army are manufac tured in the United States and that all French divisions use Ameri can equipment exclusively The air force supporting the operation in northern France has lost 3000 airplanes and has consumed in replacement parts and spares tlie equivalent of 225 more It has dropped more than 55000 tons of bombs and usec 44000000 gallons of aviation gas oline The need for trucks of all kinds and sizes is increasing said Eisen hower and our need for tires is acute I must urge his message to Somervell concluded that you keep flowing across the Atlanti at maximum rale all those things including spare parts that a mod ern army and air force require battle NO REARGUARD STAND TRIED BY ROUTED FORCES Spearheads Aim for North End of Maginot Line Least Fortified Supreme Headquarters Al lied Expeditionary Force AP British tanks cap urecl Amiens and smashed cross the Somme river huvsday in a lightning 60 lile drive in 48 hours that ound the Germans in full light back to the reieh be rore 4 onrushing allied armies The British raced with columns which verran Laon and stabbed lorth along the last 30 miles o Belgium with such be BRADLEY GIVEN vildcring speed don headquarters The announcement said heavy fighting raged for the towns of Zilina Trnava Galanta Lucenec Levoca and Kezmarck The Ger mans threw tanks into the fight ing for Trnava Zilina changed hands twice and now is in pos session of the Czechs Czech forces lighting in Lucen ec and Galanta were in territory I ceded to Hungary after Munich that serious damage done Romanian oil had been workers helped the Russians put out tre mendous fires and civilians di rected soviet troops to a large group of Germans dressed as ci vilians applying the torch right and left The dispatch added that a plane trip over the fields greatest in Europe except for those in Rus sia itself disclosed that the Ger mans did everything possible to destroy wells pipelines derricks ALLIES NEAR BELGIAN allied forces driving across France to within a few miles of the Belgian border German commentators are beginning to admit to their people that the country is virtually lost Light area on above mao shows French territory now in allied control 3 M Z J and equipment Fast mobile soviet squads mak ing up the advance guard were strengthened by infantry and tanks that swept the rich Ploesti oil fields into the bulging bag of Russian victories then turned south toward the Romanian cap ital A war bulletin said Gen Rodion Y Malinovskys 2nd Ukrainian army captured more than 200 towns Wednesday around Ploesti and northeast of Bucharest including Meriuta only 17 miles away Other forces ot Malinovskys army were believed developing a major offensive against Hungar ianheld Transylvania high in the eastern Carpathian mountains 75 miles north of Ploesti London said The Germans acknowledged Russian entry into Hungarian ter ritory at 2 points and said Hun garian and German troops fought fiercely to pin Raps carved out by the Russians reported to have won control of 4 principal passes into Transylvania While the red army was knock ing at the gates of Bucharest a Romanian peace delegation in Moscow prepared for initial talks with the Russians The lightning advance by Gen Malinovskys army captured an additional 15000 Germans Tues day including a corps commander GcnHeil a divisional comman der Lt Gen Weitzner and 2 col onels commanding divisions the soviet communique said has suffered very heavy losses in coast artillery equipment The German 7th army and the newly formed 5th panzer army have been decisively defeated and into this defeat have been drawn the bulk of the fighting strength of the first and 15th armies Three field marshals and one army commander have either been dismissed or incapacitated by wounds One army comman der 3 corps commanders 15 di visional commanders and one fortress commander have Been either killed or captured In the air the luftwaffe has taken a feqrful beating Since June 6 Dday 2378 German aircraft have been destroyed in the air and 1167 on the ground In addition 270 aircraft were probably destroyed and 1028 air craft were damaged in the air Eisenhowers report said that in spite of enemy boasts the Ger mans have been unable to inter fere seriously at sea with the in vasion forces Losses of allied shipping have been small while some 300 en emy vessels of all classes have been sunk or heavily damaged by allied action In addition the nazis have lost a number of mer chant ships at sea and been forced to scuttle in their harbors large numbers of craft both naval and commercial The nazis have devoted a large share of their attention to attack ing the allies by mine laying the general said with the result that in 3 months off the French beaches the mine bag totaled onetenth all the mines swept in 5 years in all war theaters Allied teamwoYk extending through all services has again demonstrated its ability to over come the most adverse kind of Is Overall Commander of North France Yanks BULLETIN London Sir Bernard L Montgomery commander of the British and Canadian forces in northern France has been elevated to the rank of ffeld marshal effective Sept 1 the British war office announced Thursday night Supreme Headquarters AEF Dwight D Eisenhower announced Thursday that Lt Gen Omar N Bradley has become overall comrnnnder of American forces in northern France a po sition equal with that of Gen Sir Bernard L Montgomery who commands British forces in the field In making the announcement Eisenhower described Montgom that they overwhelmed A trainloads of German soldiers trying to escape The speed of the advance vir tually uncontented along a 150 mile arc at the Somme and ap proaching the Meuse river indi cated that the Germans had Riven up the last pretense of a rear guard stand and were in open light through Belgium back to the imperiled homeland The Somme itself had been considered a natural barrier along which the enemy might try to fashion some sort of a stand but the capture of the city of Amiens which straddles the viver blasted thispossibility Geri Eisenhower de clared that now the allied cam paign to liberate northern France was at least 5 days ahead of schedule and it appeared that the Germans were not trying to side track it With the Canadians mopping up the big river port of Rouen 25 miles inland from Dieppe and the British 25 miles inland from Ab beville at Amiens half the Ger man robot bomb coast and any forces garrisoning it seemed doomed There was no rest anywhere for the disorganized Germans and allied drives mushroomed over battlefields of the first World war covering in an hour territory thatv it once took days and weeks to conquer One force of Americans head cast for the German frontier seized St Dizier 18 miles south cast of fallen Vitry and pressed on to within 40 miles of the re versed Maginot line The Saar cry as not only his close and warm friend but one of the greatest sol diers of this or any other war The supreme commander said the division of command when the French campaign reached the present stage had been envis ioned from the start and that the present setup merely put into ef fect what had been regarded all along as the final stage of the allied command system Montgomerys position hereto fore lias been described as com mander of the 21sl adian army group and he was directly responsible under Eisen hower for coordination of American forces in the overall plan s VLrsal has been attempted would take years and the conditions in defeating the en emy Eicsnhower said Allied units from other coun tries have fought effectively alongside American and British forces and the FF French forces of the interior have done much valuable work The report of the enormous suc cess of the allied armies was ac companied however by a mes sage to Lt Gen Brehon Somer vell commanding the army serv ice forces telling of the enormous cost of the victory in American materiel and urging that the flow of supplies be kept up During the first days of the operations In northern France Eisenhower said the United States army ground forces required more than SM tanks to replace battle losses In that same period said Eisenhower we replaced other losses in the following amounts LT GEN OMAR BRADLEY Increased RITES TO BE FRIDAY Atlantic service for Frank Pelzer state senator who died Monday following heart attack will be held Frida at the Atlantic Methodist church He will be buried at Marnc Iowa border of Germany was 87 miles ahead of this force Fortyfive miles ahead of the American drive was thegateway city of Sedan where the Ger mans won the battle of France in 1940 by skirting the Maginot line Verdun 40 miles north of SI Dizier along with Metz and Nancy were strongpoints of the French defense line There have been reports the Germans were able to reverse guns to point west but many ob servers doubt that any real re This Ger mans have had a few scant weeks since it dawned upon them that allied armies were loose and headed for their own borders Equally there is no indication that Eisenhower intends a headon attack through the Maginot and Siegfried lines Spearheads are aimed instead at ic Ardennes forest skirting the orth end of the Maginot and cading into Germany where the German chain of forts probably s thinnest The British bridgehead across he natural barrier n this front before stablished in strength The dashing British were half vay from the shattered Seine line o Belgium and at Amiens they vcrc where the black day dc cat of the German army in 1918 brought Luclendorff to ask for pence The Germans were pulling out along a whole 150mile arc in a top speed withdrawal which sug gested final abandonment of northern France the buzibomb coast and all for the defense of the menaced homeland The Canadians not only smashed into Rouen but drove 9 miles north to within 22 miles of Dieppe where some of them tested the allied pattern for invasion 2 years ago Farther down the Seine Bel gians won a new bridgehead at Quillebeuf 18 miles inland from Le Havre At Amiens the British were 62 miles from Belgium and 53 miles
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