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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 27, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COMP DEPARTMENT OF A K 0 ARCHIVED l IKES iA THE NEWSPAKR THAT MAKES AU NORTH IOWANS NEIGHMMtS VOUL Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Five Cents a COM MASON crrr IOWA THURSDAY JULY 271944 This Paper Consists ot Two NO VSt SOVIETS OPEN ROAD TO PRUSSIA General McNalr Killed in France TWIN ALLIED DRIVES PUSH ON STEADILY Nazi CounterAttacks Retake Town on Flank of British at Caen Supreme Headquarters Al lied Expeditionary Force AP U S troops captured Periers and Lessay western anchor points of the German line in France Thursday as American armor in the big gest tank breakthrough of the invasion split German central defenses wide open and forced the nazis to fall back One powerful tank spearhead ashed 5 miles down the road from fallen Marigny to within an equal distance of Coutances threatening encirclement of rem nants ofseveral nazi divisions who had been fighting bitterly on the western flank Other tank and infantry com bat teams picking up 9 miles in 2 davs cut the highway from St Lo to Avianches which is at the southern base of Normandy and is a sidedoor to the Brit tany peninsula This deepening crash through the middle picking up more than 7 miles in 2 days and supported by f ight er planes which alone wrecked or damaged 70 nazi tanks Wedr nesday threatened to turn the enemys whole western Hank be tween Periers and Less ay Twin tank drives speared ahead One captured Canisy 2 miles below St Gilles on the St LoCoutances road Another to the west pushed a mile south ol Marigny just above that stra tegic lateral highway But on the British Canadian flank iu Normaudy the Germans hit with tanks artillery and mor tar fire They recaptured Esquay 7 miles southwest of Caen and bloodsoaked hills 112 and 113 headquarters and field reports said Due south of Caen the Brit ish 2nd army held on to Verriers smashing enemy counterattacks Lt Gen Omar N Bradley American 1st army battlefront had broadened to 40 miles Dough boys won a town northeast of Periers and lashed out near Cau mont 13 miles east of St Lo capturing Montrabot In all at least 15 villages and towns have TWIN DRIVES LAUNCHED IN NORMANDY American forces opened a new offen sive in the western sector of Normandy located only as northwest of St Lo arrow left as British and Canadian troops resumed the offensive south of Caen along the CaenFa laise i U S Isolates Argentina HULL ISSUES been taken in 48 hours Front dispatches said tanks who cut down Ger man rocket gunners had ad vanced beyond Canisy 4 miles southwest of St Lo The other V S tank spearhead at Marigny was battling only 8 miles from the Germans supply road running north from Cou tanccs to the battle front at Per iers These armored fists had scored the deepest inland penetration oi the 30 miles from the coast The allied spearhead which thrust into Cahisy 2 miles south of St Gilles threatened to cut oft the Germans who have been hold ing out in the Vire river bend west of St Lo since the Ameri cans penetrated the city 10 days ago In their drive east of St Lo American troops loolc the town of ProAxis Attitude Brings Denunciation Washington A defiant Ar gentina stood virtually quaran tined from its western hemisphere neighbors Thursday unmoved publicly by a blunt United States declaration that its government will not be recognized until it plainly abandons a proaxis policy for a proallied one A high state department official said the sweeping IT S denuncia tion charging Argentina with open aid to the axis had received vir tually unanimous approval ot all the other American nations The state department document which pulled no punches in this governments statement of its firm stand against the regime of Pres ident Edelmiro Farrell detailec charges of Argentinas failure to join in hemispheric defense dur ing the past years and speci fied proTnazi actions of Farrel government Since the interAmerican con ference convened shortly afte Pearl Harbor Argentina has per sisted in an open notorious am contrary course of action has given constant aid and com fort to the enemies of the othe American republics it declared It said the brief period lastj February when Argentina broke relations with the axis and prom ised to take measures for con tinental defense was followed with overthrow of the government Allies Smash Fierce Nazi ounter8Lttacks as Fighting for Florence Pisa Continues Rome battle for Florence the last big Italian city in Ger man hands south of the Gothic Line flared to a new fury Thursday vith the 8th army smashing fierce German counterattacks 8 miles rom the heart of the historic fr own At the same time indications irew that the ancient city ot isa would become a major battle ground The Germans were ob erved erecting barricades in the main streets north of the Arno and setting up machine gun posts It was officially re jorted the enemy was using the amous leaning tower as well as church steeples for observation posts The roar of heavy artillery re sounded along the 5th army front on the lower Arno from San Ro mano to the sea American long The Race for Berlin The shortest distances to Ber lin from advanced allied lines Thursday miles miles HIGHRANKING U S OFFICER DIES IN ACTION Had Recently Acquired New Post After Years as Ground Forces Head Washington AP Lt Gen Lesley J McNair 61 until recently commandinj general of the army grounc forces has been killed b enemy action in Normandy Once called the brains 6 the army by Gen George C Marshall McNair is the high estranking American office killed in the present war A war department announce mcnt said The war department has bee notified of the death o Lt Gen Lesley J McNair General Me Nair was killed by enemy fii while observing the action of ou front line units iu the recen offensive On July 14 the army ai nounced that McNair had bee given an important overseas a signment the nature of wliic was not disclosed and that L Gen Ben Lear had succeeded hi in command of the army groum forces McNair was responsible for t training of the ground fore now in action overseas and w regarded as one of the army most brilliantofficers He was chief of staff of general headquarters inWashington1 when the army was reorganized in 1942 and became commanding general of the ground forces one of the 3 top commanders under the chief of staff In April 1343 during an in spection tour ot the Tunisian tront he was wounded by shell fragments i McNair was one ot the early advocates of building up a method Allies Roid Sabang Harbor opHeld Key to Singapore East Indies Damage Great BULLETIN London of allied warships transports and landing raft were reported by the Berlin radio Thursday night to be concen ated with several divisions of troops in the coastal area of the yrrhenian Sea for an imminent new landing in northern Italy around a Spezia and Genoa By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Allied warships and planes suddenly reappearing in the Indian ecan have demolished the harbor works at Sabang key Japanese ortress guarding the rich stolen islands of the Dutch East Indies and Singapore southeast Asia head uarters disclosed Thursday Adm Lord Louis Mountbatten onfirming Wednesdays Tokyo roadcast said a 35minute attack uesday by battleships cruisers estroyers and carrier aircraft ilenced shore batteries sunk a reighter wrecked 2 jetties vrecked workshops and wharves nd left the target area aflame he Japanese had claimed little amage Three thousand miles eastward m Guam and Tinian American 5lane Crashes in Cansas City Suburb Kansas City A Liberator jomber mowed through 5 resi ences an unoccupied small cpn ectionery and several outouild ngs in suburban Merriam Kans jefove it crashed and tilling 3 crewmen and burned injuring 1 other flyers and 3 civilians Residents said the plane had jeen flying at rooftop level for half hour Wednesday before t struck a treetop and went out of control pelled hardhitting guns that fame to be known as tank de stroyers Commenting on the generals death General Marshall said The American army has sustained a great loss in the death of Gen eral 1 Had he had the choice said Marshall he would probably have elected to die as he did in the forefront of the attack His presence on the firing lin with1 the leading element in th great assault which has just bee launched on the American frori in Normandy was indicative o his aggressive and fearless spiri and should be an inspiring ex amptc to the forces of our grea ground army which he organize and trained Buy your War Bonds an UUVULclLUb UL UUUUmg Up U 111ULI1UU hf antitank defenses from your GloneGazett ly the highly mobile selfprocarrier boy BIALYSTOKKEY TO WARSAW IN RUSS HANDS Fall of Polish City Opens Breach in North Flank of Nazi Defense BULLETIN London Stalin announced Thursday night the Russian capture of Stanislawow in the Carpathian foothill ap proaches to CzechoSlovakla London tanks and shock troops ripped up the northern flank of the German defenses before Warsaw and laid open the in vasion road to East Prussia in a single blow Thursday with the capture of the an a grim 5000 lealed of wounds suffered on closed In on fapanese garrisons bereft of all outside aid The marines and doughboys held the northern quarter ot Tinian and its 4500 foot Ushi airfield rated one of the best in the Pacific On Guam to the south they also bid for another airdrome from which the U S can mount its coming offensives against the Japanese homeland the Philip pines and Chinas coast This air field was on Orote peninsula on which a trapped force ot Japanese battled for its life The Ameri cans advanced 3000 yards out on to the peninsula to the out skirts of Sumay town The Guam invaders with 2800 dead Japanese acounted for widened their beachhead of 12 miles of Guams west coast in cluding the shoreline forming prized Aprs hnrbor On Tinian 3 days of slaughter left 1958 Japanese dead includ ing a band of 400 who suicidally threw themselves against the Orote trap cient Polish fortress of Bialy stok Covering the highway and railroad lines running south ward to Warsaw and the road to East Prussia only 50 miles to the north Bialystoks fall poised a twin threat to the German armies trying des perately to hold the Polish capital and at the same time prevent a breakthrough into their fatherland soil to the north A Moscow broadcast by Robert MagidotE of NBC said the red army probably had crossed the Vistula southeast ot Warsaw where the river was reached on a broad front Wednesday and that more victory salutes are probable Thursday night since the fall ol Daugavpils Brest Li point of the allies 100 mile line in Normandy and the allied commu nique said troops in this area had made a number of other unspeci fied advances More Rain Needed for Midwest Corn Chicago crop experts said Thursday that more rain is needed in the midwest to overcome the most serious drought since 1936 after rains Tuesday night and Wednesday failed to provide much more than half the anticipated moisture The average rainfall for the midwestern drought area between Tuesday morning and midnight Wednesday was approximately onehalf inch according to weath er bureau figures which showed an average of more than one inch in Missouri and as little as a quar ter af an inch in Ohio by pronazi elements who opposed Argentine cooperation with the rest of the hemisphere Argentinas public retort came in a broadcast Wednesday night by Foreign Minister Gen Orlando Peluffo who said his country would continue its present course I of conduct Peluffo was em braced by Farrell after his speech Peluffo said we do not admit that pronazi elements are main tained in the government and he disputed the accusation that Ar gentina has been helping any cause but her own The state department declared that Farrells regime has made spasmodic token gestures of cooperation bat the department said in almost all instances they have been designed to do no more than foster the false hope that Argentina might yet be prepared to honor her solemn pledge of hemisphere solidarity The determination to isolate Argentina diplomatically is based entirely on war considerations the department said Deserting the allied cause was the charge No hint was given as to whether this government is prepared to take economic measures against Argentina backing up its vigorous condemnation range guns destroyed a big en emy railway cannon several tanks and selfpropelled guns and a number enemy dumps during daylong shelling The Germans continued to fight bitterly in the horseshoe bend east of only strong hold on the south side of the Arno 5th army front The last pockets of nazi re sistance along the railway em bankment near San Romano was wiped out and the Americans also cleaned up a few groups oE Ger mans who had been fighting from house to house in the same area Most impressive gains in the steel ring closing in on Florence were to the southwest of the city where 8th army units surged for ward as much as 3 miles in the area of Castelnovo and Val lechio These forces were more dis tant however than the New Zea landers battling the German 4th parachute division along highway No 2 in the area San Casciano only 8 miles from the goal In the upper Tiber valley the British crossed the Cerfone river and engaged the enemy in the immediate area of Sansepolcro Activity in the Adriatic sector was limited to patrols Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy ExWife No Tommy Manville Has More Husband Trouble Hollywood lUR Bonila Ed wards 5lh wife of Tommy Man ville charged Thursday that she hadnt a thing to wear because her husband A K Barbee mil lionaire bottling company execu tive was holding her clothes He has my dresses furs and other accessories in his apartment and wont let me come and get them declared Misc Edwards She claimed her husband has failed to pay her attorney fees and S100 a week alimony ordered by the court pending settlement of the Barbee divorce and property squabble The court has set Aug 6 for a hearing on Mrs Barbces petition for order to show cause tovsk and Stanislawow is ex pected1 The Moscow report of the cross ings as broadcast by the BBC r lacked official confirmation but gained currency in view of the massing of soviet Jorces on the east bank of the river and agree ment by both Berlin and Moscow that the battle for the crossing was on Another BBC broadcast report ed that soviet troops had ad vanced along the east bank of the Vistula within 37 miles of War saw In any event the capture of Deblin 55 miles southeast of the capital and the massing at the Vistula put the Russians in posi tion for a flanking drive against Warsaw from the south Tlie Exchange Telegraph news agency said Warsaw was in a state of acute tension German troops were preparing for the last battle for the city it said and the inhabitants had opened large scale guerilla attacks inside it with explosions and gunfire sounding daily in the streets Nazi spokesmen hinted that Warsaw and Lwow must go the way of Kharkov Kiev and Smo lensk and that great new re serves will not be thrown into the defense of Poland but saved for guarding the reich itself The whole structure of the German defenses in the east now are crumbling under irresistible Russian pressure a United Press disnatch frnm Moscow said A Berlin broadcast said the Russians had launched a direct attack on Kaunas prewar capital of Lithuania and heavy fighting was going on in that area Local breaches by the Soviets were sealed off the nazis claimed Reports June Banner Salvage Drive Month Pfaltzgraff of Dumont Butler county salvage chairman reports that June was a banner month in collection of salvage During that period 79 795 pounds of paper 5280 pounds of rags and 58459 of iron was collected Cor salvage in Butler county COEDS RELAX AT CLEAR from an arduous year at the University of Iowa Iowa City a group of coeds from Cedar Rapids are picking up some violet rays and other health potions on the dock of the Lake Shore hotel Clear Lake where they are guests Left to right they are the Misses Martha Lou Smith Charys Lenzen Diane Marshall Marilyn Siebke Catherine Miller Joanne Crawford and Ann Lenzen All excepting Miss Crawford are students at the uni versity and members of Delta Gammasociai sorority Miss Crawford daughter of Mr and Mrs William C Crawford 510 Vernon drive is a senior student at Lindenwood St Charles Mo Miss Marshall a sophomore at the university is a daughter of Mr and Mrs Clare Marshall Her father is business head of the Cedar Rapids Gazette Miss Ann Lenzen a senior student and Miss Charys Lenzen a junior are daughters of Mr and Mrs Verdi F Lenzen Miss Siebke daughter of Mr and Mrs G J Siebke and Miss Miller daughter of Mr and Mrs Robert J Miller are both seniors at the university and Miss Smith daugh ter of Mr and Mrs Fred W Smith is a sophomore Lock photo Kayenay engraving MARTHA RATE MOTHER Hollywood UP Comedienne Martha Hayc wife of Nick Con dos and her baby daughter were reported doing nicely at Wil shire hospital Thursday The 6 pound 6ouncc baby was born Wednesday night Weather Report FORECAST Iowa Fair with moderate tem peratures Thursday night and Friday Minnesota Fair and cool Thurs day night Friday partly cloudy and a little warmer IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 80 Minimum Wednesday 58 At 8a m Thursday 64 Rain 30 inch
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