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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 25, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HISTORV MO OF AKO I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL I Associated Press and United Press Full Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY JULY 25 1944 This Paper Consists ot Two NO Red Armored Units Drive Westward for Warsaw STRIKfWITHIN FEW MILES OF VISTULA RIVER Red Militarists Claim Destruction of German Armies on Central Front BULETIN London Polish tele graph agency said Tuesday thai the Germans bad been driven out of threefourths of Lwow and the Poles in the remainder of the city revolted against the Germans with street battles ratine BULLETIN London announced Tuesday night U would conclude an agreement with the Polish committee of National Liberation rather than the exile government in London covering relations be Uveeii the advancing red army and the civil administration of liberated Polish territory NORMANDY DRIVE STARTS British Cabinet Says Allies Encouraged by German Crisis Moscow UR Russian armor raced westward less than 50 miles from Warsaw and to the south slruck within sight of the Wisla Vistula river as military sources proclaimed jubilantly that the en tire group of German armies on the central Iront had been vir tually destroyed German military power in the cast appeared to be tottering in the balance under red army blows opening the way for a whirlwind advance which promised to bring Warsaw under siege by the week end Siedlce 50 miles due east of Warsaw was being stormed and had been bypassed The grea fortress cities of Lwow and Brest Litovsk were under siege far be hind the soviet vanguard Russian troops were pouringacross the San river 60 miles ancient YJarpslawanc prezemysl were threatened Nazi broadcasts said the Rus sians were pushing forward from a line through Siedlce Sokolov 17 miles to the north and fallen Lukow 13 miles to the 35 mile arc aimed at Warsaw The nazi parly organ Voel kischer Beobachter said the Rus sians were striving for a grea decision in Poland that time worn defense measures will no suffice but the decision depend on generous measures namely ti gather new strong forces behini the front which will absorb th withdrawing troops and forn strong forces which finally wi check the enemy It added tha where this line will lie depend on the time necessary to gathe such The German high comman said powerful soviet infantry tan and air forces were attacking o a 150mile Baltic front in an at tempt to break up the cohesion o our units who gradually are dis engaging The pattern of the great ret army offensive now had unfoldei and in the opinion of the most ex perienced observers capture German generals who watche their units beaten to a bringing nazi resistance to the brink of final disaster The report that the central group of German armies had been almost destroyed was borne out by the unprecedented with which the Russians were surging across the Polish plains If the pace can bo and the Germans were demonstra ting their increasing inability to slow it Konstantin K Rokossovskys Cossack cav alry and mobile armor will thundering at the gates of Warsaw this week The momentum of the soviet advance was mounting steadily The Russians took only 3 days to cover he 62 miles from the west ern Bug to Lublin They already had burst across the San within sight of the historic Wisla And here was no sign that the Ger mans were any better able to de fend the Wisla than he western Bug or the San A review of the German losses in Ihe past months showed nearly 500000 men killed or captured in the greatest nazi rout of the war Front dispatches said soviet tanks and cavalry now are sweeping ahead so fast that the Germans no longer have time to mine roads and bridges Soviet infantry equipped with Russian and American trucks as f well as vast stores of captured German motor equipment now can advance almost as fast as the tanks and cavalry Signs multiplied thai the war was nearing a climactic phase on the eastern front But observers pointed out that as the routed Germans fall back the front is j narrowed steadily reducing their manpower and supply problems London UR Foreign tary Anthony Edea revealed in a carefullyworded statement to Commons Tuesday that the Brit ish cabinet met Monday night to consider the sudden crisis inside revoltshaken Germany and de clared that the allied powers might justly draw encourage ment from the split between the nazix regime and elements of the German high command Eden refused to elaborate on the scope of the cabinet discus sions or on steps which he said have been taken for an exchange of information with Russia on the situation in Germany He warned the house soberly against drawing too optimistic in ferences from the dramatic crack in the enemy front While we might justly draw icouragement from the recent ews it should spur us to further ctivity to insure Germanys final efeat in the field at the earliest ossible date he said Eden said the government was ot yet in position to make a con dered statement on the nazi risis because the information vailable was insufficient The German government not nnaturally has been at great ains to prevent information eaking from the country he aid They have great experi nce and skill in the machinery I repression and secrecy and we lerefore for the present are mainly dependent upon our as essment of various and often ontradictory public statements Eden said the cabinet decided t its meeting Monday night to trike a note of caution in al fficial comment on the German risis His statement came as German aoadcasts said the nazi regime vould introduce within the nex ew days very decisive mea ures to tighten its control ove he nation Swiss reports said one ofthese measures would be the mbbiliza tipn of all ablebodied veterai of the last war for service in ew nazi home guard 3itler Orders Mobilizing of Nazi Europe London Hitler Tues ay ordered the total mobilization f all the resources of the occupied ontinent in support of the nazi var effort and named Reichsmar hal Hermann Goering vrtual dic ator of Germany and the con quered territories for the prosecu ion of total war against the al ies Previous nazi broadcasts aid Tuesday that the Hitler gov ernment intends to introduce with 11 the next few days a number very decisive1 measures further ightening its control over revolt shaken Germany Germany will conduct the war n an ever more totalitarian way he nazi Transocean agency said n commenting on the new meas ures The agency quoted reich press chief Helmut Suendermann as writing in Adolf Hitlers news paper Volkischer Beobachtey that ermany is ready to throw in her last reserves Carrying out this principle will Influence even more than hitherto life at home and at the front Suendermann said We shall have to give up many things hitherto considered necessary for organized existence The Transocean dispatch indi cated that the new measures will be designed to brace the German people for a final stand against allied armies closing in on them from the east south and west 1500 HEAVY BOMBERS HIT NORMAN FRONT Largest Force of Planes Ever Used in 1 Operation Supports Allied Drive Cow Moos in Brooklyn to Everybodys Surprise New York Isadore Shapiro looked up from her iron ing and th ere Tvas a cowlooking lovingly at her Irbni her kitchen window Mrs Shapiro BULLETIN London UR More than 1500 American heavy bombers the big gest force ever employed in a sin elt operation supported Lt Gen Omar N Bradleys attack on the Normandy front Tuesday London UR American and British warplanes smashed at the German battle lines in Normandy and secret rocket bomb installa tions elsewhere in northern France Tuesday after a great flet RAF night raiders had set the German industrial city Stuttgart ablaze with 2500 tons of high explosives and more than 30000 fire bombs based American bombers joined based American bombers joined in in the daylight assault with an at tack on Austria but there was no immediate confirmation from al lied sources Swarms of Britishbased Amer ican heavy medium and light bombers joined in the battle of Normandy throughout the day laying a carpet of bombs and gun fire across an area of several square miles in the path of the American troops attacking west oE St Lo Not a single enemy fighter rose o challenge the American War Jlanes as they thundered in across he battle lines to lay salvo after salvo of bombs on the nazi posi tions Giant Lancasters of the RAF Domber command opened the day light offensive with an attack on robot bomb platforms in northern arid1 mysteri ous target air ministry said ap Push Seems Aimed at Ending Long Stalemate Supreme Headquarters AEF British 2nd army drove forward more than a mile through 2 towns in a new offensive below Caen Tuesday and to the west the American 1st army launched an attack supported by 3000 planes including more than 1500 U S heavy biggest force ever dispatched screamed and Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Scattered thunder showers Tuesday night and ear ly Wednesday Not much change in temperature Iowa Cloudy and warmer with occasional thundershowers Tuesday night and Wednesday forenoon Cooler Wednesday afternoon Minnesota Scattered thunder showers and warm Tuesday night except cooler northwest portion Wednesday partly cloudy and cool IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 86 Minimum Monday 58 At 8 a m Tuesday 67 called police thereby touching off a series of events that coursed through the streets of the Browns ville section of Brooklyn and eventually wound up in night court Patrolmen responded in a radio car and hitched the bossie to the bumper The odd procession was joined by one John Gately who said he was a bartender and ad mitted having dipped deeply into his own supplies He took the cow by the horns in a manner of speaking and began socking her on the nose with his fists She retaliated in kind In court Gately told the mag istrate he had an indistinct re collection of an encounter with a black and white animal but didnt know whether it was a cow since he never had seen one He paid a S3 fine for disorderly conduct and the cops returned bossie to the cow barn from which she had escaped Commentators mother Dies New York Alice Mead Swing 84 mother Hadio Com mentator Raymond Gram Swing died Monday from pneumonia REDS CONTINUE within sight of the Wisla Vistula river and capturing the key rail cen ter of Lublin Russian armored columns Tuesday continued their westward race at the rate of a mile an hour Soviet military sources said that the entire group of nazi armies on the centra front had been virtually destroyed U S Invasions of Guam Tinian Move Ahead Japs Label Situation Serious peared to be connected with the enemys threatened use of long distance rockets More than 1000 British raiders ranged over the continent during the night with the main weight of the assault falling upon already battered Stuttgart deep in south ern Germany The British armada unloaded its huge cargo of destruction on the city in a swift saturalioh that last ed only 15 minutes Although Stuttgart was the main objective of the nights attacks Mosquito bombers again attacked Berlin and other medium and heavy raiders struck at Aachen near the Belgium border and Frankfurt in southwestern Ger many both rail centers feeding the Normandy peninsula The air ministry announced that 23 heavy bombers were missing from all the nights operations which also included a raid on the oil storage depot at Donges on the Loire river 25 miles northwest of Nantes and attacks on enemy ship ping and targets behind theenemy lines on the Normandy front Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy TWO BROTHERS OP MARINE HERO AMONG FIRST TO GIVE Sgt Richard A Cross stationed at March Field Cal and J M Cross Austin Minn in Ma son City for the memorial services of their brother Marine Platoon Sgt William C Cross killed in action were among the first to register as blood donors although they had no appointments Registrar Mrs Floyd E Johnson shown at deskis one of the many volun teers to offer their services to the center and was responsible for the 15 minute periods for all the donors in Mason City Assisting is Mrs Mark B Giere Lock photo Kayenay engraving By HIE ASSOCIATED PRESS The twin invasions of Guam and Tinian moved smoothly for ward Tuesday Allied troops killed more hundreds to break free of the New Guinea death trap and in hardpressed China the enemy was banging his head against a stonewall defense at Hengyang Tokyo radio was worried tell iiiE the homefolks that the Mari anas situation is growing more serious every day and that Adm Chester Nimitz airmen were con stantly raiding Rota island be tween Guam and Tinian Rotas neutralization is in progress On newlyinvaded Tinian a Marianas island just south of Sai pan U S fighting men surged a mile inland to capture a third of the islands main airfield Cas ualties in contrast to the Saipan battle were light The situation said Admiral Nimitz is consid ered well in hand Marines and army infantry met stronger opposition on Guam 125 miles south of Tinian but iso lated an airstrip and hammered the approaches to Agana princi pal city of the U Sowned island and its capital Through July 22 U S casualties were 348 killed 110 missing 1500 wounded En emy losses said Nimitz were heavy Guams Orote peninsula was cut off trapping a Japanese force As on Saipan most of Guams 15000 civilians hid out pending the ending of fighting Gen Douglas MacArthur told of 3 more lunges by trapped Jap anese at allied lines hemming them in near Aitape on New Guinea In column of companies the Japanese drove headon into the American lines Artillery fire mowed them down The enemy force of some 45000 has met fail ure in previous attempts to smash a path to Japanese garrisons on the north end of the island Heavy losses made bloodier th battle of Hengyang which sits athwart the CantonHankow rail way the Japanese covet En cm troops severely assaulted th southwestern outskirts of the be sieged city The Chinese high command said Hcngyangs de fenders maintained their positions U S planes shot up 45 aircraf in raiding an airdrome near Tung ting lake north ot Hengyang Another Chinese force brok into Siangsiang GO miles to th north The city is a hinge of th Japanese drive sweeping dowi both sides of the railway Th Japanese drive from Canto northward seemed bogged 4 miles above the coastal city In Yunnan province Chines forces were reported assaultin Japanese positions dominating th Burma road The positions wer not named but recently the Chi nese have been aiming at Teng chung and Lungling These Jap held bases must be cleared bcfor the LedoBurma road from Indi to China can reopen us RADIOS N BAD SHAPE Washington in 4 of ie 46000000 radios in American STEWSONTO SPEAK Washington a r Sccre lary Slimson is to address the na lion Tuesday night at CWT in a radio report Blue and Mu tual networks on his recent tri to the European war fronts YANKS TIGHTEN GRIP ON PISA HOLD ARNO LINE 2 Strong German Counterblows Fail to Dislodge Allies Rome armored forces tightened their grip on southern Pisa Tuesday despite heavy shellfire from German longrange guns emplaced on the north side of the Arno river and smashed 2 strong enemy counter attacks along the PisaFlorence highway to the cast Official reports said the Ameri cans were firmly in control of the south bank of the Arno along a 32mile front extending inland from the Tyrrhenian seacoast to within 18 miles west of Florence Yankee patrols overran all of the modern section of Pisa lying below the river and found that the retreating nazis had demol ished every bridge linking the new and the old cities No resistance was reported in side the modern city but German 88millimeter cannon and mortars poured a steady drumfire into the American positions in ah effort to disrupt preparations for a frontal assault across the broad stream Farther to the east however where the Germans faced the threat of a flanking assault that would cut off their forces in Pisa the enemy put up a furious battle omes needs repairs and 1 in 6 before falling back across the Ar ont work at all A war production board survey lows that the radio leads the German shock troops hurled 2 powerful counterattacks against the American lines around Ponte st of home appliances generally A Evola 20 miles east of Pisa and I San Miniato 2 miles to the cast i need of repairs Among other appliances surj eyed and the percentage found American but both were beaten off by o be not in working order were Electric toasters fans vacuum eaners 7 per cent electric irons il cooking stoves 6 per cent machines oil burners 5 er cent wood cooking stoves heating stoves 4 per cent In better repair were electric ooking stoves and heating stoves vood water heaters mechanical efrigerators oil heating stoves il water heaters gas cooking loves gas heating stoves gas vater heaters electric water heat rs hot air furnaces and hot wa er boilers infantrymen and ar tillery fire A 3rd enemy concentration forming up in the same area was broken up by shellfire before the attack could be mounted On the American right flank British verged 8th on army columns con Florence from the on a single mission British and Canadian forces oJ the 2nd army opened the new assault at a m p m Monday CWT with a strong at tack south southeast of Caen along the highway to Falaise and by midmorning had smashed into the towns of MaySurOrne St Martin De Fontehay Veriieres and Tillyla Campagne on an arc 4 to 5 miles below Caen The American 1st army jumped off in a coordinated offensive on the western half of the Normandy front shortly before noon after a heavy aerial bombardment a front dispatch from James Mc Glincy United Press war corre spondent reported A special announcement from American army headquarters in France said the 1st army was advancing against heavy re sistance but gave no clue as to the scene of the attack At last reports the Americans had been massing for an advance across the Vire river below St Lo and the Seves river 2 miles north of Periers The attacks came as War Sec retary Sir James Grigg was an nouncing in the house of com mons that allied forces in Nor mandy probably have killed 20 000 Germans in the first 7 weeks ot the invasion Up to July 16 he said the allies had captured 57750 prisoners of which 5000 were nationals of countries occu pied or invaded by Germany since 1838 The British and Canadians soft ened the enemy line below Caen for their attack with a series of timed artillery crashes in which one of the greatest tonnages of shells ever dropped in such a bar rage was directed against a num ber of enemy mortar and artillery positions saturating them Mitchell medium bombers of the 2nd tactical air force joined in the bombardment by blasting Ger man concentrations in the La Hogue woods southeast of Caen and only 2000 yards ahead of the British ground forces at dusk Monday night and again at dawn British and Canadian troops went over the top from their foxholes and slit trenches on either side of the CaenFalaise highway near Bourguebus 5 miles southeast of Caen just before dawn while the artillery barrage was at its height Covered by the creeping bar rage the infantry advanced slight south and southwest battlingup more than ji mile along a front the 2 main highways from Posrgi bonsl and over the rugged hill country between Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy FOXHOLE HOSPITAL IN a foxhole can serve as a field hospital in caring for the wounded in the fighting in France The low mortality rate among Ameri can fighting men in the field can be attributed largely to the efficiency of Red Cross men serving with the troops This Yank wounded in the foot during action around Periers France is having his hurts attended in a fox hole near the front at least 3 miles and began reel battles for St MartinDe ontenay Verrieres and TillyLa ampagne A staff officer told war corre pondents that a lot of opposi on including armor was en ountcred Tank battles were cx ected as the fighting progressed A ground mist covered the val as Ihe troops swung into ae on but the skies were clearing ftcr 3 days of rain that halted ic original British breakthrough Caen 3 days ago and strong ir support was anticipated Enemy batteries offered only a eeblc response in the early slagcs f the attack but resistance in reased steadily The British and Canadians were moving along ither side of the 25footwide CaenFalaise highway which runs long a ridge 225 feet high at the mint where the attack began and limbs to 400 feet a couple of miles farther south Lt Gen Sir Bernard L Mont gomerys 21st army group head quarters asserted that the 2nd armys attack had only limited objectives and was not an at empt to smash completely through the enemy lines it apparently waa designed to deepen the British rasition below Caen lo protect he British flank when the 2nd army launched a fullfledged drive eastward 112 miles to Paris Heavy medium and light bomb ers participated in the heavy air bombardment preceding the American assault Dog Does Judge Dirt Ends Solomon Complex Chicago pedigreed Pekingese dog spoiled Judge Vic tor A Kulas chance to become a Tolomon Monday in domestic re lations court Marine Cpl Theodore Foss 23 said he had bought the dog II months ago Mrs Dorothy Mc Cann 27 said her husband bought it 5 months ago in Elgin Kula put the dog on Ihe floor to see which litigant it would approach The dog looked around nerv ously then trotted about the court room ignoring both claimants Judge Kula continued the case
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