Get 1 more page view just for clicking
to like us on Facebook
Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 18, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOLL United mm run a MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY JULY 18 1914 This Rwr Concicta of Two Scctlooj Stctlon FEAR 350 DEAD AS 2 SHIPS EXPLODE il Yanks Pushed Back at Night ReEnter St Lo OPPOSITION OF NAZIS SMASHED IN VITAL TOWN Allies Gain Commanding Groundat All Points Along Normandy Front BULLETIN London Sir Bernar Wallace to Rush to Chicago as Strength Wanes Following Only Mild Supportby F R Chicago President Henry A Wallace whose progress toward renomination showed a lag after President Roosevelts mild F R Letter Disappoints Iowa Demos of personal support will come to the convention him self Wednesday To supporters who had put in a hurryup call for him to take over the campaign personally Wallace telegraphed from Wash ington 1 shall be with you Wednes day morning Thanks T MUTT Paralleling a trend away from L Montgomerys headquarters an nounced that British and Canadian troops broke through into the area west of the Orne and southeast of velts letter expressing a prefer Caen Tuesday ence for Henry Wallace as his 4th term running mate would affect Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force States trooops smashing through suddenlycrumpled nazi defenses won firm control Tuesday night of St Lo middle link of the Ger man line in France President Rcose The enemy had been forced into a withdrawal up to 2 miles deep along the eastern of the 48 mile American front The Germans pulled back ab ruptly and the doughboys charged into the prize which roads radiate through Normandy like spokes from a light opposition The last German has been driven out of the town a staff officer at LtGen Omar N Br adieus American 1st army headquarters announced Pushing into the outskirts on the 8 day of the bitter siege American troops met fire from the lowans chances for renomina tion was a foremost topic consid eration Tuesday among Hawkeyc delegates to the national demo cratic convention here Among some there was an ill concealed disappointment that the chief executive did not make his recommendation stronger They point out that as many words were devoted to explaining that the nomination should be by free choice of the convention as in praise of Mr Wallace This was interpretation placed on the letter by most delegates from other states too North Caro lina Gov J M Braughton one of the numerous candidates for 2nd place on the ticket stressed this point in his press conference Tues day noon In the light of this letter he said I dont see how anybody can interpret my ambition to be tion Director James F Byrnes and Senator Alben Barkley of Ken tucky for support of a conventioi which Mr Roosevelt said mus do the deciding in picking hi running mate If personally casting a vote the president said he would cast it for Wallace In a letter telephoned to th vice presidents office in Wash ington Jake More Iowa chair man urged Wallace to come to Chicago to counter the offensive of the buttersin More said were trying to confuse delegates Terming the presidential letter made public Monday most clear and satisfactory More said a situation had developed akin to that in which the president of Report Metal VESSELS WITH MUNITIONS ARE BLOWN TO BITS WHERE BEAR CHEWED OFF GIRLS at Central park zoo in New York City watch a keeper feed Soc the 900 pound polar bear that chewed off the right arm of Miss Catherine Searles early Monday The spectators crowd the 3 foot guard rail over which police said the girl climbed and then waved a handkerchief through the steel bars of the enclosure in violation of the notice at right Associated Press wirephoto Kayenay engraving Nippon Crisis Indicated machineguns placed in buildings vicepresident as act rlideaV Mendiiness toward the president Associated Press Correspondent Don Whitehead said The breakthrough followed fierce German night counterat tacks that had forced the dough boys to pull back to positions just outside the eastern suburb fo Ste Croix Other doughboys pounded to within 200 yards of the road lead ing westward to Periers raking it with artillery fire and closely en veloping St Lo The counterblows that forced the earlier American pullback were the dying gasps of the Germans Whitehead said and even as they were nafle the nazi defenders were being pulled back Some units were cut off and did not know of the order to withdraw One American column opened an assault at 8 a m Tuesday from northeast of the town and met scarcely any opposition before it penetrated into the outskirts Berlin broadcasts declared the British attack to the east mean while apparently had spread east of the Orne river near Caen sup ported by intense artillery fire and air bombardment British troops on the allied right flank pushed forward again Tues day strengthening the hold on their broadened Odon salient southwest of Caen and front re ports said the Germans had halted their counterjabs seeking a weak spot in the British defenses m I The punch to within 200 yards of the lateral road between St Lo and Periers knocked it out for German use with artillery drumfire halting any traffic The nazis counterattacked aggressive ly but futilely in this area Supreme headquarters declared the allies had gained important and commanding ground at points all along the front including un specified advances in the area of Lessay western enemy anchor in Normandy The heaviest battle since the landings in Normandy was taking place in the Caen sector where the British 2nd army striking out in several directions shoved for ward down the road to Villers Bocage and bypassed Evrecy which the supreme command said had been abandoned by both sides because it is in low territory The German radio reported that the fighting around Caen had steadily increased in violence anc scope during the past 24 The weather gave the air forces the chance to provide Gen Sir Bernard L Montgomery with the support needed for a wholesale attack The British pushed forward once more in the Caen sector dawn after a night in which the allies artillery barrage continued to thunder The long awaited sum mer weather arrived and huge clouds of dust rose as tanks anc big guns wheeled into battle He said he wanted the matter to be decided by the convention Thats what I want Even among the lowans who plan to go down the line for Henry Wallace there is an admis sion that from the standpoint of pure party expediency the ticket might be made stronger by nom inating somebody more acceptable to oldline democrats than the lowan The reasoning is that Wal laces appeal is to the left wing liberal segment who already are for Roosevelt Selection of somebody identified with southern democracy on the other hand might be helpful in such critical border states as Ken tucky Maryland Tennessee Mis souri and Oklahoma Mr Wallaces personal presence at the convention was invited Tuesday by Jake More of Harlan chairman of the Iowa democratic state central committee An urgent letter was supplemented by a tele phone call to the vice president in grain cooperative wanted the vice president to stay with him but the directors have been put under some pressure by supporters of others who want the job Well out here the directors are the More said The president is not here Thepeople are not here I think you should be here Mores criticism of buttersin apparently referred to the actions of such administration leaders as Leo Crowley who took over as foreign economic administrator when President Roosevelt abol ished the board of economic war fare which Wallace had headed Crowley is reported without de nial to be working the delegate field for Byrnes and the arrival Tuesday of Secretary of Interior Harold Ickes apparently brought to the convention front another who is opposed to Wallaces nom ination There are some indications that these are having effect among state delegations caucaus ing on the principal issue left be fore a convention expected to re nominate the president for a 4tli Washington The president is not here Mr More concluded The people are not here I think you should be here Report Lower Quality Beef Steaks Roasts to Be Ration Free Buy your War Bonds am Stamps from your GlobeGazett Carrier boy Washington War Food dministrator Marvin Jones has irected the office of price ad ministration to remove all lower term despite development of new southern support for Senator Harry F Byrd of Virginia In his speech of nomination in behalf of President Roosevelt Barkley is expected to recall his bitter denunciation of the presi dents tax bill veto and term it a disagreement between friends far overshadowed by the senate ma jority leaders long record of suBr port of the presidents program The Byrnes camp has been con tending among delegates that the chism between the president and Barkley publicly healed since that time has not in fact been closed entirely While such Wallace supporters as the vice presidents executive secretary Harold D Young said they thought the president had were a delegate to the conven tion Then he added At the same time I do not wish to appear in any way as dic tating to the convention Obviously the convention must dothe de ciding And it sure It prosandcbnsJxf its choice Supporters of Byrnes and Bark ley swung immediately into action in an attempt to chip off some of the 250 votes Wallaces friends have predicted he would receive on the first ballot This balloting may start Thurs day night when President Roose velt tentatively is scheduled to address the convention by radio to accept the 4th term nomination he is assured of getting despite a southern movement which carried Mississippis 20 votes into the camp of Senator Harry F Byrd of Virginia The Byrnes forces were re ported to have received a go ahead signal from Mr Roosevelt whom Byrnes has served as an assistant president After extensive conferences they were claiming p almost solid Hull Japs Act Sign of ion Duality beef steaks and beef roasts rom the ration list but to end the toint holiday on hams and pork oins it was learned Tuesday The change would go into cf ect Aug 1 and would make ra ion free all beef except good and choice grades of steaks and roasts ork is not rationed at present ut some lower quality beef re quires points Informed quarters said publica ion of Jones directive had been withheld for 10 days to give OPA time to carry out its provisions in setting exact ration values gone just far enough in his let ter there was a belief frequently expressed that the language might prove more harmful than helpful Roosevelt said simply that while he respects and likes Wallace as a friend and personally would vote for his renomination if he were a delegate the convention itself must make the decision This expression of the presi dents viewpoint in a letter made public Monday by the conven tions permanent chairman Sen Samuel Jackson was reported to have been accompanied by as surances that Mr Roosevelt would have nothing further to say The almost impersonal tone of the communication led such dele gates as Rep Thomas DAlesan dro Jr of Maryland and David Mason City Partly cloudy Tues T Wilentz of New Jersey to de day night and Wednesday Notjclare that Wallace is out Their much change in temperature statement was disputed however Wed Little Weather Report FORECAST states in the vice presidential raceThere was no immediate in dication however of how much of the claimed strength would definitely materialize Most convention leaders thought that some arranagement would be made between the Byrnes and Barkley forces before the actual voting begins with one or the other withholding his name in or der to concentrate opposition to Wallace The muchheralded southern revolt ebbed and flowed mean while with the southerner win ning point on the listing of reg ular Texas and South Carolina delegations on the temporary roll but losing a round in efforts to force restoration of the twothirds nominating rule and to gain re apportionment of delegates The southerners kept the issue alive with a strategy meeting Monday night preliminary to a gathering Tuesday night when they may decide on how best to obtain their demands for exclu sion of a proposed racjal equality plank from the platform and how to prevent Wallaces renomination if they can Platform hearings went ahead with little outward controversy The keynote address is to be delivered Wednesday night by Gov Robert S Kcrr of Oklahoma Washington of State CordeU Hull said Tuesday that the ouster of Gen Hideki Tojo as chief of the Japanese gen eral staff probably could be re garded as a desperate sign as il relates to Japanese military oper ations He told his press conference that if Tojos reported removal were verified it would be in terpreted by the allies to indicate serious Japanese concern ovei developments in the Pacific war Qualified naval experts here received the news cautiously say ing there was no sign that Tojo has taken a back seat7 in the en emys war effort Instead they said the move should be regarded as one to streamline the top echelons of the Japanese war ma chine for future action Some diplomatic observers however contended that Tojos removal from the high army post may be a prelude to his ouster as premier and possibly to a series of elaborate enemy peace ma neuvers NEW CHIEF OF STAFF IS NAMED TojbHoweverKeeps Many Other Posts By UNITED PRESS Premier Gen Hideki Tojo who led Japan to war against the Unit ed States has been removed as chief of the Japanese general staff Radio Tokyo announced Tuesday in a broadcast heard by United Press at San Francisco Cominsr on the heels of the res ignation of Adm Shigetaro Shi mada as navy minister Monday the removal of The Razor from control of the Japanese army in dicated a major crisis in the Nip ponese empire The broadcast which gave no indication that Tojo had relin quished his premiership or other governmental posts said Gen Yo shijiro Umezu had succeeded Tojo By WILLIAM BEST Martinez Cal of the shattering munitions ex plosion at Port Chicago streamed into this town Tuesday and told of a terrific concussion which produced a maelstrom of flying metal and fleeing citizens Dr J M Huston Martinez said he had been working on surviv ors since shortly after the explo sion at p m Ive been sewing for nearly 3 hours he said A circus manager John Mc Nurlin Ashland Ky said he was standing in front of the big top when the explosion occurred A terrific concussion hit me and knocked me down he said Pieces of metal began flying all around us As I fell to the ground saw the entire front of a garage across the streetblown in Chief While Eagle an Indian employe was sleeping on his unk He was blown from the junk and has lost all hearing and use of his tongue His dog sleep ing beside him was killed McNurlin said a policeman in Port Chicago told him the blast swirled his car around in the middle of the street Raymond E Iloldfworth chief engineer on a Union oil tanker going downstream wiped blood from his face as he told how the explosion ripgicd the top from the pilot house of the vessel and smashed in the bulkheads of all of the cabins One bulkhead was blown cleai out the other side of the ship completely demolishing the cabin It seemed as though shells 01 bombs were bursting all aroum us and we ducked One shel dropped through the roof of tht engine room and blew the engln all to hell Holdfworth said The explosion even blew th fan off my cabin wall throug my bunk he said If I had bee in that bunk I wouldnt be talk ing to you now He suffered a cut over his right eye and his face was streaked with blood He said a coast guardsman fold him there was absolutely nothing left of one nearby wharf Martinez is 7 miles west of Port Chicago and the nearest own with adequate hospitaUza tion facilities to the stricken area I talked to Nils Anderson a mate aboard the tanker while doctors extracted glass from a inch gush on his cheek I looked over toward shore when all of a sudden there was terrific flash Anderson said Shells flew up in the air and then they started all over they came down as thick as rain drops McNurlin said he had many animals in his circus including lions tigers zebras and monkeys I hope my lions arc all right he added He said he lurned all Nearly Every House in Nearby Town on Frisco Bay Wrecked by Blast Port Chicago Ca if Aa many as 350 men may have died in the thundering explosion of 3 ammunition ships at a navy mu nitions dock here That estimate Tuesday of Mon day nights tragedy was based on the navys official statement that at least ZOO to 250 navy men were missing and presumed lost and on a combined civilian crew list of about 130 men for the Z ships feared lost The vessels shattered into bits y the dual explosions were iden fied by the navy as the S S uinault Victory of the United tates lines a victory ship and ic S S E A Bryan operated by le Oliver J Olson lines Almost every house in the little own oE Port village f wrecked The blast vas felt 50 miles away Loss of the ships the munitions nd property damage will run into nany millions of dollars The Bryan was literally shred led by a mighty explosion at i m a m Tuesday Cen ral war Only a second ater the larger victory ship blew up and the earth quaked to the hunder in the heavens One man a mile away said he saw a milehigh skyrocket red and white flame leap into the clouds Two small coast guard boats were sunk by the explosions Wreckage swept over Suisun bay which branches east from San Francisco bay Previously a navy commander had estimated the dead at 650 Sheriff J R Thornton figured the toll at 300 dead and the injured at 1000 An accurate count could not be made until after a daylight search of the devastated area The dead and injured were chiefly naval personnel attached to the Port Chicago depot some 35 miles from San Francisco of an arm of San Francisco bay No civilian dead had been found Sheriff James N Long Contra Costa county reported al though 150 civilians had been in jured principally from flying de bris broken glass and the falling walls of houses The explosion at a m Central war time was felt within a radius of at least 50 mjles It had I t h e j 1OWAN IS KILLED Beacon Dever re tired farmer was killed Monday in the collision of 2 automobiles at a country road intersection about 2 miles west of here Iowa Fair Tuesday night nesday and Thursday change in temperature Minnesota Fair with little change in temperature Tuesday night and Wednesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 80 Minimum Monday night 57 At 8 a m Tuesday 64 Rain Monday 14 inch YEAR AGO Maximum 83 Minimum 57 by Sen Joseph Guffcy of Penn sylvania and Jake More Iowas state chairman who continued to predict Wallaces renomination on the second ballot But there was ample evidence that the letter had boosted the hopes of a dozen or more poten tial candidates These took encouragement from the fact that the president said only I like him and respect him and he is my personal friend For these reasons I personally would vote for his renomination if I Man Tries for Pension But Gets 1A in Draft Reyes 66 has been trying to gel some old age assistance Finally came a communication from the card from his se lective service board putting him in 1A No board member could be reached for an explanation of Reyes new draft status RETURNS TO BROADWAY Grnndy Center An derson 23 who was successful in her first Broadway play returned Tuesday to New York after spending 10 days here and at Holland Iowa with relatives She played the title role in Janie a 2season hit BOTTLE MUST BE Here is a pictoriafized version of the Red Cross volunteer blood donor drive in Ccrro Gordo county Up to Tuesday 948 persons had registered Before the mobile blood donor unit from St Paul arrives in the county July 24 and the actual donating gets under way 1512 more registrations should come in to provide a safe margin for 2Mt pints of blood Donating blood is a privilege and a duty Tour blood may save the life of an American soldier or sailor An official registration blank may be found elsewhere in this edition of the GlobeGazette as chief of the general staff Earlier Tuesday Tokyo quoted Tojo as saying that American conquest of Saipan 1 500 miles from the Japanese capi tal had thrust upon Japan an unprecedently great national crisis Loss of the key Marianas island was admitted by Japan only a few hours before Tojos removal was announced and apparently pre pared the way for the statement The broadcast said in the usual Japanese manner of announcing changes in military posts It lias just been announced that Gen Yoshijiro Umezu com mander in chief of the Kwangtung army has been appointed chief of the general staff in succession to Gen Hideki Tojo who has been relieved of his concurrent post Use of the word concurrent apparently referred to the fact tha Tojo is premier of Japan war minister minister of commerce and industry and munitions min ister Tojo who became premier o Japan in the fall of 1941 and lee the group of men who plannec the attack on Pearl Harbor tool over the post of army chief o staff from Gen Field Marshal Su giyama last Feb 21 after an earl ier military shakeup in the fac of continued American victories Gen Umezu was one of th original organizers of the c r a c Kwangtung army along wit Tojo and has been commander i chief of Japanese forces in Man chukuo He also has been Nippo nese ambassador to the puppc state of his portable lighting equipment over to the army and navy 5 Friend to G I ishermen in Chicago Chicago A B Berken adt is the G I fishermans iend Every Saturday lie shows p at the outdoor servicemens enter in Lincoln park with ouple pails of worms hooks lies and poles Servicemen who re Izaak Wnlton devotees are etting in a lot of fishing on with the borrowcc quipment DROWNS IN RIVER Sioux City ip T h c o d o r c roll 10 son of Mr and Mrs Kroll drowned Monday in he Missouri river He with his irother Edward 13 and Earl Vlayp 20 were in a boat which averturned when it struck a log Ic went down trying to swim rom the boat to shore vrecked Ihe town of Port Chi cago which has a wartime boom population of about 1000 de stroyed communications and pow er facilities and broke windows 20 and 30 miles away One man a mile away was blown 100 feet The explosion of undetermined origin showered parts of the ships superstructure at least a mile One 300pound piece of steel fell in the main street of Fort Chicago one mile from the naval depot For a time Port Chicago was a contused chaotic scene of dying and other injured crying in the darkness Fire swept parts of the town and water mains were broken Medical aid was rushed from neighboring communities and the Mare island navy yard 14 miles away The Red Cross rushed in cots and blood plasma Port Chi cago was ordered evacuated The injured were rushed to jammed hospitals at Martinez 10 miles distant in army trucks ambu lances tuxicnbs and civilian auto5 pressed into service Hospital attendants losl count Negro Pilots Down 3 Rocket Messerschmitts Rome pilots of a I S 15th air force Mustang group fattened their victory total Mon day shooting down 3 rocketfiring Messerschmitts attempting to in tercept American bombers over southern France WHERE SHIPS EXPLODED in the above map points to Port Chicago near which 2 ammunition ships ex ploded in an arm of the San Francisco bay Drawing and engraving by Kayenay
Once upon a time newspapers were our main source of information. Now those old newspapers are a reliable source for hundreds of years of history and secrets of the past. Now you can search for people, places, and events without the hassle of sorting through mountains of papers!
Newspaper Archive is the world's largest online newspaper database featuring over 130 million newspaper pages. Plus our database expands by one newspaper page per second for a total of around 2.5 million pages per month! The value of your membership grows along with it.
Those looking to find out more about their forefathers can empower their genealogy search with Newspaper Archive. Within our massive database, users can search ancestors' names for news stories and obituaries. We must understand our past to understand our future!
24 hours a day Monday-Saturday
Your full introductory membership payment will be credited toward the cost of full membership any time you choose to upgrade!
"It is amazing how easy and exciting it is to access all of this information! I found hundreds of articles about my relatives from Germany! Well worth the subscription!" - Michael S.
"I love this site. It's interesting to read articles about different family members. I've found articles as well as an obituary about an uncle who passed away before I was born, and another about a great aunt. It's great for helping with genealogy." - Patricia T.
"A great research tool. Allows me to view events and gives me incredible insight into the stories of the past." - Charles S.