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Mason City Globe Gazette: Wednesday, June 21, 1944 - Page 1

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   Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 21, 1944, Mason City, Iowa                             NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DCPARTMEI1T Of HISTORY AND ARCHIVE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL L Associated Press aad United Pram Full Lewd Win Five Cents a MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY JUNE 21 1941 This Paper Consists of Two NO 221 YANKS MILE FROM CHERBOURG DOCK Japs Claim Naval Battle Rages Off Marianas STRONG FLEETS ARE KNOWN TO BE IN SECTOR Nimitz Hints History Shaking Engagement May Already Have Begun BULLETIN New York iP A Japanese broadcast said Wednesday that a fierce naval battle is raging in the central Pacific off the Mari anas The British radio said a Japanese spokesman was quoted as savins that this battle would have farreachinir effects on the Facific war situation CBS re corded the London report of the Japanese broadcast Admiral King Confident of Outcome If Jap Fleet Fights Washington Ernest J King navy commanderiu cliief expressing appreciation for the long expected cooperation of the Japanese navy in apparently moving into battle position ex pressed confidence Wednesday in New BULLETIN York JP The Tokyo radio asserted Wednesday that an American battleship listed in a Japanese communique Tuesday as sunk by Japanese planes off the Marianas June 16 was of the 45 000ton Iowa class The enemy broadcast entirely without confirmation said an other battleship claimed to have been heavily damaged was of the 35000ton North Carolina class and went down to a wa en grave the nisht of June 15 off the Marianas Two out of four United States aircraft carriers which were heavily damaged and set ablaze or left heavily listing the night of June 17 the broadcast went on were of the 24000ton Essex type while another was of the 10000 ton Independence type which had been converted from a cruiser A 4th appeared to be also of the Essex type U S Facific Fleet Headquar ters Pearl Harbor battle fleets the United States and Japan faced each other Wed nesday in the 1500 miles between the Philippines and Marianas amid indications that preliminary blows already may have opened a history shak ing naval en gagement Possibly the entire Japanese fleet has en tered the area A d m Chester W Nimitz dis closed It was 1he first report on the where abouts of the long sought navy of Nippon since its crush ing defeat at NLMITZ Midway in June 1942 Eager and ready for battle is the 5th TJ S fleet with enough muscle to take care of every thing in the words of the con fident commanderinchief of the Pacific fleet A Japanese naval spokesman was quoted in a Berlin broadcast Wednesday as saying Nippons air and naval forces have success fully engaged an American fleet but Tokio radio in another broad cast to the homeland quoted an imperial headquarters communi que as acknowledging have suffered considerable losses of ships and planes On the embattled Saipan in the Marianas 1500 miles southeast of Tokyo the EOiug still is tough The Ianks called on planes ar tillery and guns of warships to help crack bitter resistance of an estimated 20000 Japanese a Nimitz communique Tuesday night reported Our troops now hold the en tire southern portion the island the communique said from the southern outskirts of Garapan principal city of 10000 6 miles up the southwest shore across to the center of the west ern shore of Magicienne bay miles up the islands south east side To the south of Saipan enemy airfields on Tinian were shelled by warships and bombed bi planes What may prove to have been the first preliminary blow of a showdown naval fight was struck Sunday from enemy aircraft car riers Their planes flying from the direction of the Philippines by way of Quam and Hota in the Marianas paid a frightful cost o 300 aircraft in trying unsuccess fully to sink U S carriers and battleships of the invasion fleet Tuesday night Nimitz told a press conference that not one comba ship was sunk Then the admiral issued an electrifying hint that the enemj blow was paid back with succes Monday lie said criptically it wa possible that damage was in flicted on elements of the enemy fleet that day Nimitz assured a press confer ence the fifth fleet packs suf ficient power to be favorable t us in a decisive engagement even ifit ismassed more tha 1000 rriiles beyond the U S ac varice naval base in the Marshal and 3800 miles from Pearl Har bor We hope the Jap fleet will stay in that Philippines area he said As long as they stay we have a chance to get at them Ready to figure in a decisive naval engagement is an unsink able carrier the 3600 foot Aslito airdrome captured by marines and soldiers who now control the en tire southern part of Saipan which they invaded June 14 Also ready to send landbased bombers into action is the air arm of Gen Douglas MacArthur His planes are poised within bombing range of the Philippines and ad jacent ocean areas at captured IMokmer airfield on Biak in the Sellout en islands off north Dutch New Guinea Wednesday he an nounced the capture of two more airfields on Biak The destruction of the enemys 300 carrier planes extremely costly because of the long training required for carrier pilots raised to nearly 600 the total Japanese air losses in the Marianas since the U S carrier task force moved against that segment of Nippons inner defense perimeter If we lost 600 naval planes in 2 or 3 days wed be very un happy even with our plane pro duction Nimilz said Nimitz emphasized that lie had expected Japans violent reaction at Saipan because it is in thS last island defense line before China and the Philippines The 72squaremile island was invaded on the assumption the Japanese would bring out every thing they possibly could He expressed conviction Japan no longer possesses the naval strength to use the Marianas for an offensive but the Japs need to hold them to keep us from penetrating west of their island defense line And north too interposed Rear Adm C H McMorris chief of staff with an eye on the Japa nese homeland Nimitr said the Aslito airdrome will promote control of the air in the immediate Marianas area But considering all the angles he noted the Japanese hold the ad vantage of landbased air recon naissance west of the Marianas and that the first concern of the American fleet must be to safe guard the Saipan invaders Even so he was supremely confident I cant control Japanese fleet movements he said If I did there definitely would be a naval engagement he outcome of a prospective naval ngagement in the western Pacific The sooner the Japanese fleet ghls the better well be salis ied King said He made his statement after iavy Secretary Forrestal had re orted that despite strict radio ilence from the Pacific thef ave been some indications that American forces may have suc eeded in catching up with all or a lart of the Japanese fleet Tues ay Forrestal added that there is lowever no definite informa ion as to the prospective en gagement He based his comment upon a tatement Wednesday by Admiral Chester W Nimitz Pacific fleet ommander in chief who reported he Japanese fleet had been lo cated in the waters east of the Philippine islands and indicated hat some engagements may al have been fought Forrestal reported that the Japanese fleet has been sighted at various times during the last lew days milling around from 599 o 800 miles to the westward of Saipan island in the Marianas east of the Philippines A Japanese broadcast recorded at London said Wednesday that a tierce naval battle is raging off the Forrestal said that Japanese planes attacked American naval units near Saipan Sunday and in dicted that the planes apparently came from carriers which at that time were some 500 miles to the westward The Japanese plan he con tinued seems to have been to lannch the aircraft withtheidea that after attacking they would be able to land for refueling on Guam and Rota Japaneseheld bases in the Marianas We have no other details of the resulting air battle he con tinued other than the fact thai our forces were ready for the at tack Our carrier aircraft and ships antiaircraft guns wiped out most of the Japanese planes At Pearl Harbor Admiral Nim itz has reported that the Japa nese have lost a total planes since action began in the Mari anas King NAZIS TRY TO BLOCK FINNS PEACE EFFORT Evacuation of Helsinki Started Reds Drive Toward Capital City London Russian troops who occupied Finlands fortress seaport of Viipuri Tues day drove on Wednesday toward the capital city of Helsinki where the Germans were reported exert ing pressure to keep their small ally from suing for peace with Premier Joseph Stalin The Finnish radio urged all per sons whose presence was not es sential to evacuate Helsinki which lies approximately 135 airline miles west of Viipuri The British radio said Russian troops have adxanced 3 miles be yond Viipuri Twenty salvos from 224 guns boomed in Moscow Tuesday night following Stalins order of the day announcing the fall ol that city asked about the prospec tive engagement there said that the communique from Nimitz speaks for itself and combined with Forrestals report covers the situation as accurately as we know it You are not worried about the outcome he was asked No he replied shaking his head He added that in any major op eration losses must be expected in fact are allowed for in prepar ation and plans for the action But King continued the losses to date in the Marianas have been less than allowed for He said he referred to all types of action in the air on the sea and among troops fighting on land King also disclosed that plans long under consideration had been reviewed again for close co to Marshal Leonid Govorovs Len ingrad army after a smashing 11 day offensive TheStockholm newspaper Da gens Nyheter said that the Ger mans were endeavoring to block formation of a Finnish peace cabinet which Finns asserted would be formed very soon as a result of the Russian successes A Finnish informant in Stock holm said loss of the key Karelian fortifications left us helpless be cause our whole scheme of de fense was built on the expectation we would be able to hold there Moscow radio said Finland was on the brink of defeat What stepsthe Germans would take to try to keep Finland in the war were uncertain A Stockholm report said the Germans were threatening occupation of 3 Fin nish ports along a 70 mile stretch at the head of the gulf of Bothnia Kemi and the Aland islands in the gulf between Sweden and Finland By these tactics the Germans could control shipping routes to the north and nickel mines vital to both Germany and the Finns the report said DIVE FOR of a U S navy beach bat talion dive for the protection offered by a ditch as a Ger man plane swoops down to strafe the beach somewhere on the Normandy beachhead in France Associated Press wirephoto from U S navy engraving by Kayenay Fall of Big Port Apparently Only Matter of Hours Supreme Hdq Allied Expeditionary Force American troops smashed within 1500 than a Cherbourgs waterfront Wednesday driv ing between 2 fortress bastions under cover of air and artillery bombardment The fall of the great supply port seemed only a matter of hours Wednesday night The piledriver offensive crashed through the suburbs along the inland road Fort Du Roule and Fort Octeville nazi strong points shuddering under bombs as well as leaflets calling on the trapped nazis to surrender Nazi demolition squads worked feverishly to cripple the which the allies could pour a flood of men and supplies into Normandy Another force rolling the trapped Germans back on the left flank seized Acqueville at the base of Cape de la Hague the land finger jutting northwest of Cherbourg and possibly offering a chance of escape by sea Troops on the right flank advanced beyond Valognes and headquarters declared good progress was made toward the prize harbor Wednesday Supported by powerful 1000 U S Bombers 1000 Fighters Make Berlin Raid London than 1000 American Flying Fortresses and Liberators blasted Berlin and the capitals outskirts Wednesday and the German radio indicated that at least some of the planes flew on in the operation American of the forces British in the with war against Japan when it is possible to swing strength to the Pacific and away from Europe He said the discussions were carried out in England where he General George Marshall army chief of staff and General Henry H Arnold head of the army air forces a tour of invasion points We discussed in very broad terms he said the setup for the overall coordination of the war against Japan when the British shall be free to lend a hand in that part of the world TAKE LAST 2 BIAK AIRFIELDS Conquest of Island Virtually Completed Allied Headquarters Southwest Pacific army troops virtually completed the conquest of Biak island in Dutch New Guinea Wednesday with the cap ture of the enemys 2 remaining airfields to bring the American front lines less than 800 miles from the Philippines With lank forces spearheading the attack the infantrymen broke through the last Japanese resis tance in Biaks northern hills and occupied Borokoe and Sorido air dromes Tuesday almost without opposition After taking the 2 airstrips the enemys only remaining developed installations on the island the troops set out after the scattered Japanese retreating rapidly to ward Sorido village threequar ters of a mile northwest of Sorido airfield Britain to New American bascsin Russia The bomber fleet had an escort of around 1000 fighters making a total force of some 2000 planes which carried the aerial war once more to the heart of the German homeland Basdorf on Berlins outskirts also was blasted German broadcasts admitted damage and casualties and threat ened to retaliate with bigger and more powerful explosives than those used in the current rocket bomb offensive First Liberator fliers back at British bases said there was plenty of flax over the targets but they did not see a single German rare occurrence raids on the hub of Germany Shuttlebombing flights from Britain to Russia would complete the ring of steel thrown about Germany by allied bombers Flights have been made already from Mediterranean bases to new American air fields inside Russia Russias frontier is some900 miles air line within the range of both flying Fortresses and Liberators which Tuesday flew more than 1000 miles round trip to the Stettin rea Berlin broadcasts said the Han nover and Brunswick areas also had been attacked by the dayligh raiders but there was no immcd iatc allied confirmation of these reports The Germans asserted that Ber in had beenthe target of a heavy terror raid and said Ger many would retaliate in due time with bigger and more powerful explosives than the present new veapon which already has caused lavoc beyond description At the same time big fleets of allied planes were observed strenk ng out across Dover strait and disappearing in the direction of he German rocket bomb bases vhich now have been pounded continuously for 5 days During the night the tempo of he allied aerial offensive was naintained as RAF Mosquitos hundered out in relays for 4 hours to harass German lines of reinforcements by blasting the Mezidon railroad yards near Caen in the Normandy battle area Rail yards at Chartres also were hit Capping 5 months of hammer ing at the Pas de Calais area by the American expeditionary air force counting the lery and air bombardment vet eran American troops assaulted Fort Du Roulc within K mile of Cherbourgs harbor area blasted by nazi demolitions The Germans staged a last ditch defense in these strong points and lighting was reported in the builtup suburban section of Frances 3rd greatest port Acqueville on the flank is 4 miles southwest oC the port and only 11 tip of the Cape De La Hague The American ad vance also captured Teurtheville Hague 2 miles south of Acque ville Eighty nazi tanks have been de stroyed by the allied liberating armies to date supreme head quarters said Heavy fighting was reported in the TillySurSeulles area near the center of the front and an American spearhead to the wesi had pushed within 2 miles of St Lo communications hub of Nor mandy The assault upon the 2 forts at Cherbourg sprang forward from St Martin LeGreard 4 miles south of the port Fort Du Roulc a major key to control oE the besieged Genual stronghold stands atop a 450 foot hill The French worked for mon than a century building up Cher heavy bomber which 19000 tons of bombs were dropped in the course of 420 attacks by a total 23500 planes RAF planes of various types blasted 10 separ ae rocket bomb bases Tuesday Many of the bombers were flown by French and Dutch pilots While the resulis were reported satisfactory the attacks covered only a part of the installations be cause hours afterwards English skies hummed intermittently with bourgs forts and defenses and th Germans now are making a las stand in the inner embraces part of the city itself German defenses have stiffene and there are indications the naz high command has ordered housetohouse fight by some 25 000 to 50000 Germans now le with virtually NO CHANCE o escape Allied broadcasts Tues day night urged the trapped gar rison to surrender Although the 3 main rouds to Cherbourg from the south run into the jetexplosions of the buzz1 one main highway bottleneck just bombs 1 outside the city the American OTTUMWA BEATS MANAGER FORM Proposal for Change r i i scattered thundershowers entire in Liovernment Defeated state Thursday Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Widely scattered thundershowers Wednesday night and Thursday Warmer Wednesday night Iowa Scattered thundershowers extreme south and west por tions Wednesday night Widely COSIMANDS 5TH U S FLEET Raymond A Spmance is commander of the American 5th fleet known o include the largest carrier task force in his tory as well as battleships cruisers destroyers and war ships Tempest Planes Down Many Nazi Robot Craft RAF Fighter Station Southern England pilots flying fast heavily armed tempest planes brought down many pilot less aircraft Wednesday OUurmva voted nearly 2 to 1 against the council manager form of city government in a special election here Tuesday A total of 3800 voted against the proposed new plan and 2077 were in favor of substituting the councilmanager plan for the present commission form Three years ago the same proposal was defeated 5 to 2 Eleven precincts turned in ma jorities against the manager plan while 4 were in favor Ottumwans also voted Tuesday to issue in bonds for pur chase oE 1 new fire trucks The question earned 2987 to 2661 Minnesota Mostly cloudy Wed nesday night and Thursday Scattered thundershowcrs south and east portions Wednesday night and extreme south portion Thursday Cooler Thursday and in north portion Wednesday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday 74 Minimum Tuesday night 62 At 8 a m Wednesday 65 YEAR AGO Maximum 90 Minimum 70 oops apparently were closing in om 3 sides south west and asl Communique No 31 from su reme headquarters Wednesday lorning announced that the towns f Valognes Les Pieux Couville nd Rauvillc La Bigot were in al ed hands but the advance Amer line runs some distance be ond these points The suburban and city area vhich now has become a baitle ield lias an estimated population f 60000 The population of the ity proper according to latest re lorts is approximately 33400 and n additional 27000 live in the ulmrbs Despite German reports the su ireme allied command said it has 10 knowledge that allied war hips were shelling Cherbourg rom the sea and declared such an attack was unlikely The port is protected by 7 heavy coastal forts which should be much simpler to take by land asault han from the sea Only patrol activity was report ed elsewhere on the Normandy jeachhead except in the Tilly SurSeullcs area The British announced capture ot Onchy 3 It miles southwest oJ Tilly At the same time the Ger mans launched 3 heavy counter attacks on the newlytaken Brit ish strongpoint of Hottot 2 miles south of Tilly The attacks were reported held but the situation in the village itself was obscure The Caen area even farther to the cast was quiet A Kale continued to blow in the channel Sixfoot waves whipped over the invasion beaches making unloading of supplies impossible for the time bcinfr Bad weather hampered aircraft ver the battle area but fighter ombcrs blasted Cherbourg guns nd forts Many o the missions mpler to take by land assault rounds in Normandy In the Acqueville area the Amer caus stood less than 2 miles from ic main highway leading out of Cherbourg to the tip of the yjenin ula to the northwest CHERBOURG FROM THE is a U S army air forces aerial photograph of harbor facilities at Cherbourg France with white lettering indicating important points ANN CASEY IS BEATEN IN GOLF Loses After Having Lead of I Up on 6th SPORTS BULLETIN Chicago IfP Rocketdriving Babe Didrikscn Zaharias Beverly Hills Cal moved into the quarter finals of the womens western open Wednesday by de feating Ann Casey Mason City Iowa school teacher 5 and 4 Miss Casey was 1 up on the 6th But Babe straightened out her drives to take the next 5 holes in succession 2 with birdies They halved the I2th with 3s Babe taking the 13th with par 4 to Ro 5 up The match ended on the 14th when they halved with 3s Lt Patty Berg only oneover par for 15 holes won her 2nd round match from Lois Penn of DCS Moines Iowa 4 and 3 The defending champion was out in 37 the lowest first 9 round of the tournament while Miss Penn had a 41 Veteran Phyllis Otto Atlantic Iowa one over par for 13 holes easily defeated Virginia Nilles Chicago 6 and 5   

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