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Mason City Globe Gazette: Friday, June 16, 1944 - Page 1

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   Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 16, 1944, Mason City, Iowa                             NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF H I STORY AND ARCH I VE KOIKES I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS ted Press Full Leased Wins Five Cents m Copy MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY JUNE 16 ROBOT PLANES HIT SOUTH ENGLAND 4 Superforts Lost Big Fires Yawata Steel Plants YANK BOMBING IS EFFECTIVE AND ACCURATE 2 Sky Giants Downed in Accident 1 Is Shot Down 4th Is Missing Washington of Am icas mighty sky battleships were lost in Thursdays attack on Yawata the Pittsburgh of Japan The 10th bomber command adding new details to earlier sketchy announcements of the his toric raid said 2 of the mammoth craft went down due to accidents one was lost over the target and a 4th is missing The text of 20th airforce com munique No 2 The Imperial Iron and Steel Works Japans largest steel mills located at Yawata on Kyusho is land in the Japanese homeland was the target of Thursdays B29 mission of the 20th bomber com mand The bombing was accurate and effective Enemy fighter craft of fered some resistance to a few units fire was moderate to intense over the tar get area No enemy planes were reported shot down There were no casualties aboard returning aircraft Four planes failed to return from the mission Of these one was lost due to antiaircraft over the tar tet Two failed toreturn due to accidents and of these the crew of one Is known to be safe A 4th airplane is missing An earlier communique re ported that 2 B29s were lost as the result of accidents The later announcement indi cated that the wreckage of one of the big bombers built in secrecy now may be in the hands of the enemy The number of participating aircraft was not made known as first details emerged on the his toric attack which marked the beginning of an entirely new chapter of aerial warfare with the greatest bombers ever built One correspondent however referred to a long line of Super fortresses and another said he was among the first of scores of Superfortresses a t ta c k i n g Thursdays communique is sued by headquarters the new 20th air force controlling the op erations of the Superfortresses around the world was based on preliminary and incomplete ports from the combat zone The formation was described as a sizable task force operating from recentlycompleted bases in China The raid leaving behind glow ing masses of wreckage gave the ALLIES PUSHING ONINTHREATTO CUT PENINSULA Furious Tank Battles Continue in Tilly Sur SeuUes Sector Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force Lt Gen Yanks Gaining in Saipan Japs Say Omah troops N Bradleys American ramming home another Korea Hit By J B KRUEGEK Associated Press War Editor Bold allied forces carrying the Pacific war to Japans front door step supported their Saipan invasion Friday with an unprecedented task force assault against the Benin islands iOO miles from Tokyo and with an air raid on Korea in f heart of the enemys Asiatic cmj How B29 and B17 compare in the new Boeing SupeiFortress the B29 dwarfs its predecessor the Flying Fortress B17 is shown clearly inthis diagrammatic picture of the 2 lethal machines in flight AP Wirephoto Kayenay engrav Nipponese Empire in the words ol an eyewitness her answer ta Dec 7 Karbor Radio Correspondent Roy Por ter first to report of 11 newsmen who accompanied the aerial dreadnaughts their historic mission said in a broadcast over the combined American networks from the far east that tons upon tons of bombs were dropped on coke ovens and open hearth fur naces of Japanese steel mills Heavy Blow Hits Nippon Industry By CLYDE A FARNSWOKTH U S Super Fortress Base in Weslr crn China B29s the new Super Fortress struck a terrific body fclow at Japans war production industry and may have knocked out a 5th of the empires steel production in Thursdays raid on Yawata the Pittsburgh Japan The worlds most powerful war planes made the longest bombing flight in history and left trains of demolition bombs bursting in the Imperial Iron and Steel works at Yawata in northern Kyusku This is but the beginning of our organized destruction of the Japa nese industrial empire com mented Brig Gen Kenneth B Wolfe who was chiefly responsible Torthe production the B29 The Imperial largest in the Japanese empire is credited with 20 per cent of Japanese steel production Thursdays mission was a com bined psychological andstrategical stroke at the maximum power of trie longsecret 20th bomber com mand Two B29s failed to return The war department in Wash ington announced that these 2 were lost because of accidents and not because of enemy action and that the crew of one was known to be safe The raid came on the heels of Japanese Premier Hideki Tojos declaration Jnat the Japanese themselves were preparing a sur prise Japanese stations w ere broadcasting English versions of the premiers declaration and play ing pirated American swing music when Wolfes raider pack came in on their silvery 141 foot wings The first target attacked in Japan by the new weapon was one of the most strongly defended in the Japanese home islands Japs Attempt to Minimize Assault New York B29 super Fortresses which raided the Japanese mainland Thursday are presumed to have taken off from Shensi province of northern China the Tokyo radio said Friday Another broadcast acknowledged that the raiders hit the Yawata plant of the Japan iron manufac turing company but declared the hits were by a few bomb frag ments only which caused no damage whatever to plant facili ties All of a steady succession of broadcast reports from the Japa nese capital attempted to mini mize the effects of the attack Hhe aJpanese cabinet met Fri day morning with Premier Gen eral Hideki Tojo Kichisaburo Ando home affairs minister Mobusuke Kishi muni tions minister and Keita Goto transportation and communica tions minister were said to have reported to the cabinet damage was very flight Ando also was said to have reported directly to Emperor Hirohito CHANDLERS DAUGHTER WED Hollywood Mimi Chandler and Maj John Kennedy Cabell of the air transport com mand were honeymooning Friday following their marriage Thursday in All gaints Episcopal church at Beverly Hills Sen A B Happy Chandler of Kentucky gave his daughter in marriage SAKHALIN KAMCHATKA JCARAFUTOuRLE Harbor Pad fie Ocean MARCUS rVv UK CAROLINE is GILBERT HAWAIIAN IS Pearl Honolulu JOHNSTON PALMYRA EAST INDIES IS PHOENIX is EQUATOR aa SOLOMON w IS 1000 STATUTi clow to cut off Cherbourg have advanced to within 2i miles cast of St Sauveur a junction con trolling 2 of the 3 roads leading to the nearly beleaguered port allied headquarters announced Friday The Americans marked up gain ot 2Va to 3 miles west of Carentan after having previously reached Reigneville 3 miles to the northeast of St Sauveur Plugging away on a IDmile front and rapping out repeated gains despite stubborn resistance the Americans were now within 11 miles of the Cherbourg penin sulas west coast beaches Their spearhead was some 17 miles be low the big port While Bradleys Yanks still fought a ding dong battle with Germans in the streets of Monte borg 14 miles southeast of Cher bourg on the allied right flank the British were engaged in stiff tank battles with German troops in force 2 miles south of Caumont This is about 20 miles inland the deepest allied penetration Tank battles still raged also around Caen and TillvSur Seulles on the allied left flank Meanwhile headquarters re ported the worse weather over the battlefront since DDay with a 20mile an hour northwest wind blowing on to the only place the allies now hold for the reinforcement and supply of their invasion armies Despite the weather however the U S battleships Texas and Nevada and cruiser Augusta were reported arching their deep inland to support the troops driv ing across the peninsula A navy officer returning from an inspection of the beachhead described American navy casual ties as very very small A few miles south of the Ameri can spearhead pointed at St Sau veur was another column pushing toward La Haye Du Puits a road junction controlling all the re maining roads leading into Cher bourg The Americans were last reported about 6 miles from this objective A dispatch from Gen Dwight D Eisenhowers advanced command post said it was estimated 300000 German troops had been thrown against the Normandy beachhead This dispatch said 4 German di visions had been badiy hauled in battle including the 709th 711th and 352nd Alive to the vital necessity of holding St Sauveur and Le Haye Du Puits the Germans rushed re serves into the battle and vigorous fluid fighting was in progress The German communique said the nazis drove the allies hack southeast and southwest of Car entan but admitted allied gains west and north of Ste Merc Eclise it claimed also that a wedge had been driven into the allied bridge head east of the Orne river West of newly captured tjuine ville on the extreme right wing the 100mile beachhead front American forces advanced a mile or more to reach the Senope river These were the only advances registered along the front Com munique No 21 said there were no major changes Furious armored fighting raged in the Tilly Sur Seuillcs sector while further east the battle ot Caen settled into trench warfare with the British and Canadians holding on tenaciously The nearest approach to a line was held around Tro treme left Hank of the bridge head Fighting abated somewhat in the Caumont sector where Gen Bernard L Montgomery had nude his deepest penetration in land in the forepart of the week PHC Tokyo radio announced the Bonin and Korea strikes a few hours after the electrifying news of the B29 air assault against Japan itself Almost simultane ously with the Superfortresses raid the navy task force reported ly struck at 2 Bonin islands the innermost barriers guarding Ja pan from the central Pacific Tokyo characteristically said damage was extremely slight and that 17 raiding planes were downed In the Korea raid we suffered no losses Tokyo said There was no allied confirmation of either raid The Saipan invaders advanced from their beachhead under the protection of warship guns and rocketfiring planes They cap tured Agingam Point on the is lands southwest coast moved forward 2 miles to seize a small community and stood within 5 miles of Garapan Saipans big gest own Adm Chester Nimitz Thursday night reported fighting is heavy but good progress is being made against well organized defenses Tokyo claimed lBOO American casualties The Saipan allied sea and air power within 1500 miles of Japan and the Phil thcvcore of the sud denlyerupting battles spread out more than 3000 miles from the Kuriles to Truk Exploitation of this Marianas island by Nimitz perhaps as a base for the newly unveiled Super Fortresses would direly menace Japan Missing from the picture of this new turn in the war was the Japanese fleet which Nimitz has now impaled on the horns of this dilemma To fight for vital de fenses or to hide out and let the Americans take them without sea interference With the reported raid into the fight er range of Japans MARIANAS ISLANDS MANILA 1595 mi fsf CIMA the question becomes of imediate and painful urgency to Tokyos admirals Gen Douglas MacArthur lent powerful aid to Nimitz 1 100mile westward leap into sent heavy bombers Saipan He winging up from the Admiralties for a smash ing raid at Truk One hundred eightysix tons of bombs fell on the now bypassed fortress Nine Zeroes down MacArthurs bombers also made the first landbased attack on Yap cable center and air base midway between Palau and the Marianas The Bonin strike if true may have been the work of the same task force which hit the Kurilcs north of Japan Tuesday as a di version for the Saipan raid Tokyo radio still hummed with explanations of the B29 raid It denied Tokoyo itself was hit It said 8 enemy planes were downed including 1 Super Fortress It said Hie raid came from Sian in Shcnsi province China which is about 1200 miles west of Japan Chinas mountaing importance as a major air base was also pointed up in U S bomber at tacks near Shanghai at the mouth of the Yangtze Three freighters were damaged Another was sunk another damaged off Hong Kong by 14th airforce planes Maj Gen Claire Chennaults flyers also joined the Chinese fight to save Changsha striking at railyards and other installations along the HankowCanton rail road Japanese crossed the last river guarding the city and Chungking admitted the city was in great danger PACIFIC BATTLE in the above map shows the location of centers of blazing action in the Pa cific From left to right the arrows indicate Korea which the Japs said was hit by allied planes Kyushu island on which Yawata was blasted by Superfortresses Benin islands which the Nipponese said was hit by a U S task force and Mariana islands on which Americans were steadily progressing with an invasion gathering strength for a new counterattack in this area Allied tactical air forces flew 3000 sorties Thursday in in 200 support missions of the several armored counter attacks and struck in to Charan The attempt to seize Saipan was considered significant in the light of its possibilities UK a cen tral Pacific base It now appears that the American high command deliberately timed the B29 raid against Japan with widespread assaults in the Pacific in one ol the greatest single series of at tacks against the enemy The Japanese were resisting fiercely with artillery mortar and machinegun fire in a desperate attempt to stop the American drive up the west coast of Saipan toward Garapan and Tumipug har bor 2 miles farther north Possession oC Tunupug an al most kindlocked harbor would give the Pacific fleet one its best staying bases between Pearl Harbor and the China coast the immediate goal set by Nimitz in his drive to Tokyo The Invasion of Saipan a vol canicpeaked island of miles long and miles wide out flanked the enemys important Caroline islands and placed the American front line within 5 hours flying time of Japan The American troops who landed on Saipan Wednesday fol lowing a tremendous air and naval bombardment came within virtual sight oC Guam the first U fj territory captured by the Japa nese in the war The islandonly 111 miles south of Saipan fell 4 days after Pearl Harbor The expedition into the Mari anas 1150 miles west ot Ameri canheld Eniwetok in the Mar shalls represented one of the longest amphibious operations in the Pacific and probably resulted from the conference of and Gen Douglas MacArthur when MORRISON SAYS COUNTER STEPS ARE UNDERWAY Pilotless Aircraft Explode at Landing or Just Before Landing London UR A fantastic stream of pilollcss bombers rained fire and explosives across southern England all Thursday night and through the morning hours Friday and radio Berlin said the robot fleet had smashed at London itself in the beginning of vengeance for the allied at tacks on Germany Adolf Hitler finally had launched li i s boasted secret weapon against Britain and the mighty invasion arsenal piled up ILI the island and British official sources made no effort to mini mize the gravity Of the attack All southern England was alerted and Home Secretary I Herbert Morrison confirmed the existence of the robot raiders and promised immediate counterac tion in n statement to commons A German high command com munique said south England and Hie London city area were bombed Thursday night with new type explosives ol very heavy caliber Pilotless Planes Continuing Attack Throughout Day Loud o n planes without pilots srhostly and death siiitting streaked across the south ern English sky Friday smashing targets at random and keeping ground guns crackling An official announcement Fri day night said that the robot lilanes continued Hie attackinter mittently throughout the day al they plotted new moves against the Japanese ground forces in Normandy American and British heavy bombers brought their 24 hour to tal to more than 5000 sorties Weather hampered air opera tions somewhat but unloading of troops and supplies on the beach head continued at full blast and supreme headquarters declared Montgomerys striking power is growing daily Boy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from TOUT GlobeGazette carrier bay Break Through Nippon Defenses Fear Harbor UP American invasion forces shattering fierce Japanese counterattacks against their Saipan beachhead swept forward Friday against principal island installations including the town of Garapan to exploit their landings Further reports of the progress of the American troops were ex pected to be announced by Adm Chester W Nimitz 3rd communi que Progress of assault forces at Aginan Point at the southwestern end of the island indicated the situation was satisfactory and that further gains were expected Earlier reports said that assault troops broke through enemy de at the vvtaU toned back Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy with occasional thundcrshowcrs Fri day night and Saturday Prob ably heavy in small areas Con tinued warm and humid Fresh winds Iowa Continued warm and humid Friday night and Satur day with scattered thunder showers and winds reaching 40 miles an hour briefly during thunderstorms Minnesota Partly cloudy to cloudy and cooler Friday night and Saturday Thundershowers southeast portion early Friday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 88 Minimum Thursday night 66 At 8 a m Friday 70 Rain 70 inch YEAR AGO Maximum 85 Minimum 50 Precipitation 39 though on a smaller scale than Thursday uiglil adding that in cidents have occurred at several places in southern England and damage uad casualties have been rcimried There was no evidence however that any important mili tary damage had been wrought The German radio pictured the bombers as novel weapons which drop superheavy explo sives A special note broadcast after the communique which an nounced the raids said there is hardly one German who will not receive this news uith the great est satisfaction The feelings of hatred and a burning wish for re taliation dominate the Ger man people have been kindled by our enemies in their terror crimes Another German commentator said The mills of the Gods grind slowly hut they grind exceeding mall Perhaps our enemy did not believe that reprisals would ever come to them They laughed off tiie fuehrers words and Berlin military commentators boasted that the mysterious raid ers were a new antiinvasion weapon of the greatest effect The new weapon used against England is the beginning of vcn fjcunce for the barbaric allied bombing of the nnzi homeland one enemy commentator said Reports from eyewitnesses who watched the Wellsian parade swoosh across southern England during the night poured into of ficial London Friday including one account that told nf automatic machine guns raking the country side Flashing across the night skies like u string of fiery comets the mysterious projectiles whooshed down on scores of unidentified dis tricts in southern England ex ploding into gigantic balls of lire Eyewitness accounts of the raid varied but all reports indicated that the missiles were either rock etbombs or radiocontrolled planes crammed with high explos ives set to go off within a matter ot seconds after striking the ground Observers said the projectiles came over ut terrific speeds sing ly or in groups of 2 or 3 some soaring 3000 feet or more in the air and others slamming over the rooftops in level flight RAF night fighter pilots went up to challenge the robot raiders diving recklessly through a terrific hail of flak thrown up by the British ground defenses in an ef fort to explode them in midair Many of the projectiles were be lieved to have been hit and eye witnesses reported seeing tremend ous explosions high overhead Many more fell with terrific im pact on the countryside and pre liminary reports indicated that considerable damage and casual ties resulted Rescue squads still were digging through the wreck ape for victims in a number of   

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