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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 7, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND ARCHIVES DE3 MOIfJES I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOLL Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY JUNE 7 1914 This Paper Consists of Two One NO 2W ALLIES REPULSE ATTACK NEAR CAEN Both Sides Drop Air Troops Into Flaming French Battlefront ALLIES THRUST WAY 10 MILES NORTH OF ROME Alexander Strength of German Forces in Italy Has Been Broken BULLETIN Allied Headquarters Naples tanks and infantry men are driving the Germans in disorderly retreat alone a broad front north of Some and are clos ing in on CivitaVecchia 40 miles northwest of the capital it was announced Wednesday By NOLAND NORGAARD Allied Headquarters Naples IP Fifth army infantrymen chasing nazi Field Marshal Albert Kesselrings fleeing army have punched their way 10 miles north of Rome to a point only 5 miles short of the Lake of Bracchiano it was announced Wednesday Another column has driven at least 10 miles northwest of the Italian capital after crossing the Tiber and still is forging steadily ahead behind enemy rearguards Patrols probing west from Rome reached points 3 to 5 miles from the sea and nearly a dozen miles north of the Tibers mouth Only spotty resistance was be ing encountered by the 5th army forces but the 8th army was en gaged in brisk battles with strong German delaying forces in the mountainous sectors east the capital New Zealand troops captured Balsorano about 6 miles north of Sora intheir advance up high way 32 toward The newest gains were reported after Gen Sir Harold Alexander allied commander in chief in Italy in a broadcast to Italian1 patriots declared that in less than a month the strength the German armies has been broken Alexander urged the patriots to rise against the nazis and do all in their power to sabotage enemy communications and hinder Kes selrings efforts to disengage his troops and retire northward The liberation Italy now is well under way the allied com mander declared The total of prisoners taken in the allied Italian offensive still was rising steadily with the 5th army alone now claiming more than 18000 A headquarters spokesman said the Germans appear to be form ing small battle groups composed of elements from varied units pulled hastily together to fight desperate delaying actions The Mediterranean allied air force joined Tuesday in the many front assault on Hitlers Europe by sending between 508 and 750 Flying Fortresses and Liberators into the Balkans Targets included the oil refin eries at Floesti rail yards at Brasov and Pitesci and the Iron Gate canal to TurnuSeverin in Romania and rail targets at Bel grade Yugoslavia Thirtyfour enemy planes were destroyed against loss of 16 heavy bomb ers and 17 other aircraft These air attacks from the Mediterranean came as other American bombers from the new shuttle bases in Russia were strik ing out against a German air field in Romania Targets north of Rome were at tacked from the air Tuesday night the daily communique said DECLARE NAZIS BULLETINS Invaders Take Key RACING UP FOR COUNTER DRIVE Big German Transport Planes Reported Shot Down Over Continent INVASION ARMADA UNDER WAY FOR FRANCE Guarded overhead by barrage balloons the allied invasion armada composed chiefly of landing craft infantry plows along through the English channel headed for beachheads on the French coast for the opening of the longawaited invasion of fortress Europe Reveals Nazi Crossfire Cut Down Allies By JAMES C McGUNCY London of the first assault troops who stormed the French beaches were mowed down by German crossfire but succeed ing waves climbed over their bod ies until a foothold was estab lished an eyewitness who re turned from thir beachhead re ported Wednesday Bert Brandt 28 an Acme news photographer spent a half hour on the beach Tuesday and several hours more cruising within gun shot of the landing scene It was hotter than hell over there Brandt said I was at An zio but Anzio was nothing like this He said the Germans laid dow intensive lire on the beaches with well emplaced machine guns American casualties were spotty heavy on some beaches and ligh on others On one beach Brandt reported the German machine gunner waited until the landing craf lowered their ramps and t h e i poured deadly fire into the barges The opposition met by the firs wave delayed the landing demo lition parties scheduled to follow with heavy equipment The German defenses finallj crumbled under the weight of at tack and by the time Brandt lef the beachhead at 3 p m Tuesday the Americans were firmly ashor and beginning to advance inland The whole thine was an un believable sight Brandt said Planes crisscrossed overhea constantly You never could loo up without seeing a formation planes somewhere PSRs an zoomed right overhead Ihe time blasting the German de cnses Some boats were burning an pall of smoke hung over th beach I saw some of the bodi of our soldiers vho had bee Portugal Decides to Shut Down Wolfram Mines Blow to Nazis Washington e r m a n y Wednesday was deprived of her last major source of source of steelhardening tung Portugals decision to stop all exports to Germany and to shut down her wolfram mines immedi ately It was a major diplomatic victory for the allies consummated on the eve of the great invasion of France It marked the 3rd victory in economic warfare for the allies in a little more than a month illed in the first landings float1 in the water Some of the oats were swamped in the loppy seas There were tremendous rafts ist floating offshore jammed ith trucks tanks and ambu ances On each beach we landed anks from LCTs Then some vavcs of infantry went in fol owed by engineers and then more nfantry On the beaches the men rouched behind jeeps tanks any hlng they could find for cover At one point they made their way o the German concrete defense wall and that was the firstcover hey found Right off the beach were tall liffs which were scaled by the Rangers They captured gun posi ions within 15 minutes after they vent in Despite fierce resistance Brandt said everyone was calm and the operation was well organized On he landing boats going over the roops were so confident Brand was worried lie saw Pvt Charles Slackledge Columbia Miss sit ing amid bangalore torpedoes bazookas TNT and other dead weapons reading a little black covered Bible He snapped a picture ot oni boy asleep on top of a jeep 5 min utes before landing As the troop went overside into smaller boat for the assault one yelled It you see General Ike tell him were the boys who can do it Two Negro jeep drivers stood at the rail looking at the looming continent Yessuh one laughed theah she am One small boat which supported the landing was commanded by Lt Richard Margetts San Diego Cal Its crew included Lt jg Chester Hendrickson Grove City Minn Cox Robert Jaggers Stan tonville Tenn Seaman Gil bert Aguilar Houston Tex and Seaman John Hornyal Bridgeport Conn After piloting an assault craft ashore and back to the larger ship Seaman Forrest Hillegas Al lentown Pa called Anybody ot a cigaret I think Ive got one oming after that Brandt hitchhiked back on a toat returning with wounded in irder to get his pictures out In a orner of the returning craft a vounded boy sat sobbing He told Brandt For 3 years Ive been training or tills and svhat happens As soon as I get oft the boat I get lit I didnt even get a chance to ire a shot at a German REPORT PRISONERS Washington Among 19 Iowa soldiers listed Wednesday by the war prisoners ot war were Sgt Verlyn G Brown of Estherville and S Sgt Marlen C Monson of Forest City Of the 19 prisoners 13 are held by Ger many one by Rumania By VIRGIL Allied Supreme Headquarters London dispatches re ported shortly alter 4 p in Wed nesday that 2 German armies per sonally commanded by Marshal Erwin Rommel were racing to ward the beachheads in France for a counterattack Indications that the Germans also were rushing troops to Nor mandy by air were seen in an announcement that British planes shot down 5 big Junkers 51 trans port planes while on missions over the continent German resistance to the Amer ican British and Canadian troops who invaded northwestern France Tuesday already was stiffening and an official spokesman re ported very heavy fighting on some sectors John JaiTdl representing the combined allied press sakl in a dispatch from aboard the Ameri can cruiser Augusta that the German 7th and loth armies com manded by Rommel were speed ing Panzer and infantry divisions toward the Normandy beachheads Another dispatch by Jarrel written Tuesday morning stated Lt Gen Omar N Bradley com manding the U S ground forces was aboard the Augusta and had admitted that the heavy and London airman re ported Wednesday that there were fires everywhere over the Cherbourg peninsula indicating the Germans may have begun demolitions possibly preparatory to withdrawal Zurich Switzerland confirmed reports from Gerntan occupied Milan said Wednesday that a large allied fleet has been sighted off Genoa and a landing on the Ljgurian coast of north western Italy is expected hourly London Paris radio said an allied armada of some G000 vessels including heavy cruisers serving as escort and landing vessels of all types was cruising off the Cherbourg penin sula The guns of this fleet arc engaged in duels with German shore said batteries the broadcast 3 BADLY BURNED Keokuk Keokuk men employes of a roofing com pany were badly burned Tuesday when a kettle being used to heat the tar preparation exploded They were Nelson Calhoun Dick Higby and Edward Arthuris other difficultiesmade the opera tions hazardous Americans in one sector were having the toughest sort of op position in battling with the nazis from the landing craft and on the beaches Jarrell said The Americans were able to land tanks early which was of the greatest help he said Airborne troops landed behind one area with specific orders to hold causeways and block the movements of reinforcements the dispatch from the Augusta re ported London German broad cast said the allies were attacking Wednesday in the Caen area with 100 tanks London UR American British and Canadian assault forces which stormed the beaches of Normandy were being rein forced constantly by hundreds of United States gliders shuttling thousands of troops into the Cher bourg peninsula and by surface craft sailing in to the coast from which the Germans had been driven London German use air troops so early in the in vasion suggested Wednesday that the foe already was in difficulty if not isolated on the critica Cherbourg front of Normandy The main railroad was reportcc cut Positions Assault Tank Led Germans By WES GALLAGHER Supreme Advance Command Post Allied Expedi tionary Force troops have struck in land in France in heavy fighting repulsing nazi counterblows near Caen 9 miles from the coast after clearing the enemy from all their landing beaches and linking up some of the beachheads Reports from the Cherbourg peninsula invasion front showed decided1 improvement at midday and the allies are making considerable progress on the whole front despite bad weather and stiffening resistance a headquarters officer said Both sides dropped airborne troops into the flam ingbattlefront with allied parachutists and glider troops pouring down early Wednesday from a 50 milelong reinforcing sky train Caen is at the bsise of Cherbourg peninsula and south west of Le Havre The British 6th air force division captured bridges north of Caen headquarters said There was no official comment on a German report that an entire allied airborne division on the western coast of the Cherbourg Weather Report FORECAST IHasoti City Fair and warmer Wednesday night and Thursday Iowa Fnir Wednesday night and Thursday except scattered thun dershcnvers extreme west por tion Wednesday night and west portion Thursday Warmer Minnesota Fair Wednesday night and Thursday except widely scattered thundershowers ex treme west portion Wednesday night and west portion Thurs day Warmer IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday 65 Minimum Tuesday night 45 At 8 a m Wednesday n1 Rain trace YEAR AGO Maximum 60 Minimum 44 Precipitation trace New York National Broadcasting company quoted the Berlin radio Wednesday as say ing the Germans had lest Baycux IG miles northwest of Cacn on the railway and highway to Cher bourg Author of Workmans Compensation Law Dies Des Moines T Clark son 83 author of Iowas work mens compensation law died Tuesday night after an illness of several months due to a heart ailment Clarkson administered the compensation law as state in dustrial commissioner a post he held from 1937 to 1943 MAJOR GENERAL IS DEMOTED Is Sent Home for Indicating DDay BULLETIN Washington war de partment disclosed Wednesday that the general who was demoted for violating security regulations in connection with the invasion was Maj Gen Henry J F Miller He had been commander of the nth air force service command in Britain since October Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force of Americas best known major ycn crals was demoted to lieutenant colonel and sent home for indi cating in advance the time of DDay The supreme command allowed this information to be cabled abroad Wednesday after holding it up several weeks for security reasons The major general was one of the commanders in the Ameri can air force the announcement said An army man of long stand ing he swiftly felt the supreme command after talking indis creetly at a London cocktail party the announcement added The conversation was said to have taken place almost 2 months ago when the invasion was ex pected almost daily The general was reported to have said in the presence of several persons On my honor the invasion wilPtake place before June 15 His action was reported to se curity police by a woman guest and General Eisenhower immedi ately ordered him reduced to the permanent rank of lieutenant colonel and sent home after an investigation His name was not given Churchill Is Argued Out of Attempt to Go With Invasion Forces London look a lot of persuading to keep Prime Minister Churchill from accompanying the invasion forces when they stormed the beaches of France it was dis closed Wednesday Admiral Sir Bertram Ramsay allied naval commander told a correspondent that he convinced the statesman only with much difficulty not to go along Ramsay said he pointed out to Churchill that the extra work in volved in safeguarding him would be very the prime min ister finally relented had been lauded peninsula Headquarters said front reports showed improvement by midday after being disappointing early Wednesday morn ing Though the initial the Germans said extended over more than a 50mile been cleared and some linked with those nearby a few may still be under German artillery fire Air headquarters declared the allied air forces in mam moth support of the invasion thrust had flown more than 31000 sorties between June 1 and Tuesday night The huge numbers of airborne allied troops seized key positions and helped throw back nazi tankled counterblows The Germans likewise rushed in parachutists Wholly uncnnfirmcil said penetrations as deep as 12 miles had been made Headquarters said reports early Wednesday movning indicated al lied forces had accomplished less than scheduled but that later word made the situation cause for neither pessimism nor optim ism but sober satisfaction Heavy German counterattacks may he expected and Berlin said Field Marshal Erwin Rommel was rushing up reserves of the Ger man 7th and 15th armies Sky borne tronps were thrown in li FILE DAMAGE SUIT DCS Moincs 81500 dam ige suit against the DCS Moincs Railway company filed in district court by Mr and Mrs Don H Bingur w h o based the suit on damages they claimed caused to the Finger home and furnishings and injuries suffered by Mrs Finger April 12 when a street curblincr crashed into the house Buy AVar Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Vectly and quickly The Germans said they beat off new landing attempts near Calais 150 miles northeast of Cherbourg but later their reports indicated German coastal guns merely fired at allied ships in the area and there were no indications supreme headquarters was trying to invade there Allied invasion task forces have been sailing in feints pnst inanv points KEEPING THE GERMANS IN DOUBT where the next land ings would come In tliLMr 50 mile lung ienil train 3 waves of U S 8lh air force glid ers carried a steady stream of men equipment and to forces already lighting inland on Cherbourg peninsula s u p r e m c headquarters said Airborne troops have seized bridges and roads AND JOINED SEALANDED TROOPS at some points front dispatches said and some towns have been captured The peninsula aflame with fighting again supported by al YANKS EMBARK AT ENGLAND FOR equipped and each carrying jarge amounts of ammunition American troops climb aboard a landing craft somewhere in England for the crosschannel invasion of France Other landing craft are seen in the background IOWAN DESCRIBES SCENE London how the big invasion assault appeared from the air Sgt James H My ers of Tama Iowa a ballturret gunner said It looked Mkc a solid cloud bank over the whole continent and there was an al most solid bank of allied planes above it Buy War Savings Bonds and SUmps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy ALLIED INVASION show where al lied forces landed in France British Prime minister Churchill said allied airborne forces were fighting in the city of Caen and a German report told of battling with another airborne force at Rouen plane cast of reported main landing area ied sea and air power was strewn with colored parachutes of troops engineers rations and cquip nent dropped from the sky Two of the reinforcing air waves were towplane glider combinations The German high command ad mitted superior forces had es tablished beachheads more than ID miles apart at the mouth of the Orne river and north of Car cnlan and i DNB broadcast said American troops steadily being reinforced were engaged near St Merc Eglisc between Carcntan and Cherbourg near the penin sulas tip DNB said the allied bridgehead at the Ornc river was about 21 miles wide and i miles deep at points but declared a thrust to seize the town ot Caen 9 miles inland had been repulsed There were consistent reports of heavy fighting at Caen Berlin also reported heavy fighting at Baycux between the Onie and Carcntan Headquarters lias cautioned Hint strong nzi counlcrlhrusls may be expected Lt Oliver V Crcsiio Corsicana ex pilot who flew over the cninstilu said I saw ground urccs moving inland in single file contact the enemy Farther vest our troops were engaging lim In the first specific report of jrborne losses the ninth air force aid 12 C17 troop carriers and 12 jliders were missing from the re nforcing operations Tuesday light and early Wednesday Berlin radio clearly indicated he airborne assaults were spread UK great confusion behind Ger man lines and said the nazis had been duped by parachuting sacks of straw loaded with explosives hat blew up when they were touched Satisfactory progress is being made in the historic invasion con tinuing under thundering blows by great sea and sky fleets head quarters announced and cautious officers described the tricky air borne operations as a complete success Field reports siid American doughboys were making excel lent progress biting deep into France Great bomber fleets droned out to blast nazi defenses and troops Wednesday possibly in strength equalling or surpassing the stu pendous total of 13000 sorties Tuesday Mitchell pilots reported agreat ring of fires at Lisicux south of Lc Havre and a sinister glow over Caen where Trme Minister chur chill had reported fighting in the streets Caen is fl miles inland It was disclosed that more than 900 of the 9th air forces C47 troop transports and gliders were used in the opening invasion
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