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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 22, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OCPAftTHCNT Of HlSTOftV AND ARCHIVCf HO INKS I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL I Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires i Five Cents a Copy MASON C1TV IOWA MONDAY MAY 22 1944 This Paper Consists ot Two NO One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO Mason City Sunday 4 p KHMO Hannibal Tutsdav p WSL1 City Thursday p WOI Ames Friday p m KSCJ Sioui City Friday p Expand Wealth or Divide Poverty i IN ALL realistic and objective studies of postwar economy there are a few univers ally accepted assumptions and premises Among them the follow ing 1 The task of turning our na tions industry from war to peace is something that could not under any circumstances be accomplished over night 2 The interim between victory over Germany and victory over Japan is expected to prove im mensely helpful in the demobili zation and reconversion process 3 While government must as sume an active and intelligent role In the period of retooling in dustry for the peacetime economy free enterprise is the greatest hope of ultimate success for the future American economy 4 The ultimate role of govern ment with respect to our econom must bc that of umpire rather thai dictator 5 The postwar economy mus bc based on a concept of abun dance rather than on a concept o scarcity 6 Success or failure In gearing this economy of plenty and frc enterprise into postwar condition is going to depend largely o whether the American people hav ample courage and faith in them selves Iowa Storm Toll 9 as Floods Continue Rise REPORTSCORES ARE HOMELESS LOSSES MOUNT Nazi Reserves Push Yankee Patrols Out of Terracina A QUICK look at the nature o our nations wartime industry I think will provide us with a background for understanding the enormity of the task facing us when peace comes to the world Twofifths of our current war output is aircraft is navrl con struction is merchant ship construction the remaining Yt is ground army supply Aircraft and naval ship construction is still ex panding merchant ship construc tion is leveling off and ground army supply is in the process of cutting back tapering off In some limited areas the process of reconversion has al ready got under way but theres a common assumption by indus try and by government that this reconversion process will not get under way on any largescale basis until after Hitler is polished off The reasoning is that the na tions fullest productive capacity will not be required to insure vic tory over Japan but there is no minimizing ot the war in the Pa cific IN TERMS of percentage jt is expected that defeat of Hitlei will bring about approximately 25 per cent reduction in war pro duction within 6 months ThL would mean an expanded outpu of goods for civilian use starting with smaller metal items and nun ing a full year af ter Hitlers sucl heavier areas as refrigerators am automobiles The real jolt for industry o course will come the end o fhe war against Japan That wil mean the end of industry 01 the gigantic scale While blue prints for reconversion should an doubtless will be drawn ahead o Chelsea Isolated by Waters Roods Spread in Des Moines Valley i Des Moines entered ts 5th day of widespread floods Monday with 9 dead scores home ess continuously mounting prop erty damage and a weather bu eau forecast that the floods ould continue for at least a week n some sections Four persons drowned 2 little girls at Chelsea and a fa her and son at Ihe scene of the most serious flooding hifted to south central and south eastern Iowa Charles D Reed federal me teorologist said the flood watcia would continue to spread in some sections the Des Moincs river valley extending from Dus Moines to the southeast corner of the state allweek and that the rivei probably would reach the highest level in 41 years and the 2nd high est on record Chelsea a town of 575 residents between Toledo and Belle Plaine was isolated It was reported tha flood waters entirely surroundcr the town for threequarters of a raile or more in every direction Tama County Coroner Harvey Jones said the water had reached up from a third to a half of the eight of virtually all homes in re town and most residents were ving on 2nd floors LAUNCHING A HUMAN a closeup oi one of the human torpedoes used by the British navy as it is lowered over the aide of a vessel to the water The small craft run by electric motors is manned by a crew of 2 Driven to the target the torpedo is attached to the bot tom of the ship a time fuse is set and the crew rides away to safety that happy day the actual task o retooling for the employment o Frances Hrabak and Veronica lynn both about It drowned in flooded street in Chelsea Sun ay morning while playing with other children Jones said it was Believed they were caught in the urrent of a creek running brouch the town Frances was the daughter of Mr arid Mrs Donald Hrabak of Cedar Rapids and had been liv ng with her grandparents Mr and Mrs John W Stark in Chel ea Veronica was the daughter a veterinarian Dr and Mrs R J Flynn A father and son drowned he Cedar river at Waterloo when i launch in which theywere rid ng with 2 other persons went over a dam of the swollen river after they had lost control of it The dead were Walter Gallery packing company engineer and 12 year old Walter Jr Younc Gallery was thrown from the as it went over the dam and his father jumped into the water in an attempt to save him The other 2 occupants of the lafootlaunch were Carol Secore about 50 and Stanley Higgins 14 They remained in the craft anu were rescued by the Waterloo fire department reported that the 4 had been up the river about a mile northwest of Waterloo where they fixed a motor on the boat He said they thought it was re paired when they started down stream to the boat house but that they lost control and were unable to stop He said the 2 older men clung Western railroads ivere using the North Western doubletrack line in the vicinity of Tama and Chel sea and there was considerable about whether the grades would hold against the Iowa river flood in that area The North Western railroad re ported its trains still were operat ng in that section early Monday but one official said they were ust crawling along A serious break in that section would disrupt the main eastwest facilities through the central section of the state The Line said it expected to have a washout near Ferriald repaired duringthe day A washout at Casey where the Rocky Mountain Rocket was de railed Saturday morning was re paired early Monday but shortly afterward there was a fresh downpour and the tracks began slipping again railroad officials said It was not known when service would be restored ovei that section Meanwhile north bound and westbound Hock Island trains were being rerouted Cedar Rapids and Osceola re spectively Five Rock Island passenger and 3 freight trains were held Saturday night at Newton when high water endangered a bridge 6 miles southwest of thai city Traffic was resumed Sunday The Ncwlou Red Cross set up a canteen service at 2 a m Sun day serving food to approxi mately 1200 stranded travelers a third of them service men and women The North Western racks were washed out between Des Moincs and Ames and the line was using buses and routing trains over the Milwaukee tracks to connect those 2 points The Milwaukee tracks still had several washouts btit trains were sandsas a result of damaged mer chandise Fire trucks pumped water ottt of the basements of the telephone building electric plant and hos pital all Saturday and Sunday and until early iVIonda3r to keep those laces operating The underpass on highway 69 as reopened alter water 35 teet deep hac been pumped out of the 40 foot deep cut At Sycamore park north of Des Moines 150 soldiers from Camp Dodge worked to reinforce the bridge across the Des Moines river The bridge carries the main gas line to the Des Moines ord nance U S Operates Subsidiary of Ward Firm Springfield 111 UP Smiling and apparently happy over settle ment of a strike that had kept them idle for 16 clays 300 men and women employes of the Hum mer Manufacturing co a Mont gomery Ward subsidiary returned to work Monday under the juris diction of the U S governmen which seized the plant Sunday The returning workers were the vanguard of 150 who quit May 5 after the company refused to com Ply with a war labor board orde to sign a union contract with a maintenance of membership clause They were ordered to return to i work by Joseph Winoski chair man of the shop committee of the International Association of Ma chinists after President Roosevelt ordered the war depart ment to take over the plant Government seizure of the fac tory which manufactures vitally needcdvaircrafl parts marked the 2nd time within a month that n Montgomery Ward plant had been seized to enforce a WLB order The dispute at the Hummer plant was similar lo that which resulted in the seizure of Wards Chicago properties April 2G In both cases the company had re fused to sign a contract with maintenance of membership clause Although the issues in dispute were strikingly similar seizing o the Hummer company was not ex pected to touch off the controv ersy incited by the seizure of the Chicago plant and the subsequen ouster ot Sewell Avery chairmai of the board of directors of Mont gomery Ward and company by soldiers The Hummer plant is an ac knowledged war factory Tlv company contended that its Chi cage plant was not engaged i the manufacture of war material and therefore was not subject t seizure under the SmithConnall antistrike act Avery in Washington for a congressional hearing on the seiz ure of Wards Chicago plant and would not comment on the gov ernments latest action The Hummer plant walkout Hit Kiel French Coast After Duisburg Saturation Raid London Fortresses bombed the German submarine center of Kiel and U S Liberators pounded German fortifications in the PasDeCalais area of France Monday after a night in which FR BLOWS TO FALL ON NAZIS FROM 3 WAYS LendLease Report Refers to Several Invasions on Continent By R H SHACKFOIID Washington iia tions forces are now about to strike new and mightier blows at occupied Europe from the south the east and west with lentlleasc aid that reached 2218015000 on April 1 President Roosevelt told congress Monday On the eastern front lie said lendlcasc supplies will continue to strengthen the soviet armies for the new blows that will be timed to our advances Mr Roosevelt gave a general review of the forthcoming offen sives in transmitting to congress his 15Ui report on lendlease op erations It reported that aid ex o o d s and reached a recorctbreakinp S4239 100 during the first 3 months J44 It showed that exports to the united kingdom continued at heavy British bombers sat the major inland nazi port ot Duisburg with 2800 tons of explosives The doublebarreled daylight blow carried the newest allied aerial prelude to the western in vasion past 80 hours of continu ous daynight atlacks Up to 250 Flylnc Fortresses and the same number of Libera tors each group protected by swarms of American fighters struck the twin assault Hannover a rail and rubber center and a German airfield in Belgium were other British tar gets ot the night Thirty British planes were lost in the night attacks In all some 3000 allied planes most of them fighters sprayed nearly every moving piece ot nazi transport sighted in western Eu rope Sunday with canon and mu chinegun fire These fighter sweeps and the 11AF niglit blows dovetailed into the allied strategy aimed at crippling Germans movement of troops and supplies to combat the impending invasion from the west Duisburc Germanys greatest inland port had been bombed 61 times previously of which 7 were major attacks It last was hit hard on May 12 1943 and followinc that attack a record at the time the air ministry announced the entire commercial andadminis trative center of the city of 300 MOUNTAINS NE OF CITY TAKEN BY AMERICANS for a few minutes to a cable crossing the river but that the current was hitting the boat large numbers of men cannot be broadside and they could not keep accomplished over night j their hold Waters from fhe Iowa river in cast central Iowa submerged farmlands and heavy livestock losses were reported Frank San kot a farmer south of Belle Plaine reported loss of 25 head ot cattle Water was waist deep at the southern edge of Chelsea and residents were moving to upper stories The water was rising south of Belle Plaine and was cx Then is when our American pat tern of free enterprise will be con fronted with its greatest assign ment and its greatest challenge Even the most rugged of rugged individualists are willing 1o eon cncie that in this period of from a year to 18 months there is going to have to be a government pro gram of vast dimensions OUR MEN in uniform now lota about 11 million with pros pects that ii will approach 12 mil lion by the end of this year Many will be retained for our military establishment many will be need ed for our part in the world polic ing setup But there is every good reason that considerably more a operating by rerouting them over Great Western and North West ern tracks in places where the Milwaukee line was damaged Bus lines reported buses were operating on schedule in most sections The highway situation in Ihe flood areas was changing almost hourly but early Monday the state hiehwny commission ported all main roads open cepl No 14 south of Newton No 14 north of Marshalltown No 218 north of Iowa Cily No G4 northeast of Des Mnines No 83 south of Tama No 21R from No fin to Maxwell No 30 west of Tama No 212 between Belle Early Monday afternoon Goxr B B Hickcnloopcr ordered 2 Iowa state guard companies mobilized to assist in the fight to save the bridge Company E 1st regiment under Cap Leo M Dunn and a service company from the 2nd regiment under Capf David Rod rick were called along with a medical officer and 5 men from the medical detachment In the south section of Des Moines the Red Cross set up emergency beds for 100 flood vic tims who had been forced from their homes Reports from Iowa Cily said water was shoulderdeep on high way No 218 on the outskirts of Hie city Highway 6 between Iowa City and Coralville was closed and several farm families in that area had been evacuated City park in the heart of Iowa City and on the bank of the Iowa river was under water The river stage there was 157 feet the highest since 1918 and was expected to go another foot higher Several thousand acres of farm land were under water south of Iowa City and at Amana 30 miles northwest of there 5000 acres were submerged started May 5 after the company had refused to comply with a WLB order to sign a contract with a maintenance of membership clause The order was issued last Aug 31 but the company ignored it A show cause hearing was held last January and the WLB reaffirmed its order in April When the company continued its defiance the workers went out on strike Seizure of the plant Sunday re sulted in none of the fanfare that accompanied the governments takingover ot the Chicago plant a month ago In the case of the Chicago plant the company had refused lo rec ognize the validity of the presi dent order for the department of commerce to lake control and sol diers were called lo enforce it Lt Col Nelson S Talnott des ignated as operating manager of the Hummer plant by Secretary of War Henry Stimson 6 officers and a staff sergeant carried out the presidential order They walked through a pouring rain to the Hummer administration build ing where they were admitted by a watchman Talboll ordered the sergeant to post notices designating the plant government property and the flag was run up the main staff Talbott then notified Plant Manager John J Saxer of the governments action showing him his credentials and a copy of the presidents order a high rate that those to the sov iet union had dropped after hit ting a peak in December and that those to antl the sharply 000 had been laid in ruins The attack on Duisburg Sunday night was described by the air ministry as very heavy While Duisburg was bein other British bomber pummelcd formations the middle cast Africa far east have dropped Reverse lendlease from British commonwealth nations has totaled over since the pro gram began and the rate of aid is approaching a year the report said Several times in Mr Koosevelfs letter of transmittal and in the report itself the forthcoming at tack was referred to in the plural invasions confirming recent belief that there may be several seaborne blows at the continent Our American forces will go into battle side by side with the men of Britain France Norway Poland CzcchoSlovakia Nether lands and our other allies Mr Roosevelt said At sea warships flying many united nations flags will escort the cracked down on objectives Hannover raided a nazi airfield in Belgium and carried out ex tensive mine laying in waters Ire quented by enemy shipping loss of 30 nightbombers was the greatest sustained by the RAF since May 3 when 49 bomb ers failed to return from wide spread attacks on multiple tar gets in France and Germany Located at the confluence of the Rhine and Ruhr rivers Duis burg Is connected with Dortmund by the KhineHcrne canal and with German North sea ports by way of the DortmundEms canal H also is an important rail center Through Duisburg pass vast quantities of heavy freight in cluding coal iron and steel for bolh Germany and Italy Hannover last attacked on the night of April 11 is the most im R I Schedules Still Doubtful ex peded to enter the city Monday At Tama a few miles west the water almost reached the busil piille am jaicrSONr 1 soul ness district before it began relr 7vr ceding A large section of the In dian reservation there was under The rampacin Raccoon river forced about a dozen residents of of Belle Plaine No 109 bcUv Adel and DcSoio No fi east of Colfax and No C51 Foutii of No than a half of the total perhaps j about a flozcii resioeiiis 01 i helnVaii of the total will bc eligible Dcs Moincs and Commerce for mustering out rather soon after r r T 3 to 4 feel deep mllcs 5r Cilscv Reed urged farmers it iow Hoods early off aOO lands throughout the DCS Moines morc peace comes In addition to these fighting men there will be the vast num ber of civilians who have been drawn into war industry in the i pronertv past 4 years They will be needing sovms bc2ln jn hc noltl gainful employment no less than wcs scclion of tho statc t those who have been wearing the j and claimed 5 lives uniform How soon can we have he f 48 hriurs There was jobs for all of them Thats a heavy damage from floods and sobering question tornadoes at Fort Dodge and The census of 1940 revealed that Company G of the slate there were approximately 4G mil was called to active duty fecl of Rock lslimcl vaJlev lo move their livestock and mc track sncl a11 raffic 1VC1 ihc l I line was suspended Previously a line had been built around damaged track near Catey where Trains over the Rock Island Lines were still on doubtful sched ules Monday in Mason City until the lines in southern Iowa could j be repaired No 16 which is due into Mason City at a m ar rived Sunday evening about 12 hours late It was not dispatched out of Des Moines until noon Sun day however and was routed by way of Vinton and Iowa Falls No confirmation on the Rockets was available Monday morning according to officials of tile road Provided the tracks are repaired Monday which officials Ijoped would bc the case the regular schedules will be started again Other roads were running as usual having encountered no trouble from floods so far Al though flood water stopped traffic between Ames and DCS Moincs on the Iowa division of Chicago NorthWestern railway Sunday the North division of the road is back to normal with all schedules being maintained STRUCK BY AUTO Dubuquc yctir old Paul Wilbcrding was fatally hurt Sunday aflcrnoon when he was struck by an automobile driven by Gladys Link Dubuquc Police Chief Joseph Slrub said the child ran into the street and in the path of Ihe Link car Death came about 2 hours after the boy had been taken to a hospital Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Thundershowers Monday night and Tuesday Not much change 111 temperature Iowa Partly cloudy to cloudy and little change in temperature with scattered tiumdcrshowcrs Monday night and Tuesday fleets In Ihe skies the RAF will join the United States army air forces i blasting the paths for our troops and in protecting them from air attack Through lendlease we have made certain that every man in the forces of the other united na tions who goes into battle beside an American fighting man has what he needs to hit the common enemy as hard as possible Lendlease figures in the report revealed dramatically the prepara tions for the forthcoming inva sions In January 1044 the total lendlease aid and Sl25fl000000 in February it was 51350000000 in March it hit an alltime high of In he first KO days of 1D44 alone the report said over 2100 IcndIcase planes almost 2000 tanks and over 00000 other mili tary motor vehicles were sent from the United Slates to the forces of the other united nations fighting the Germans and the Japanese Since the beginning of the lenrilease program on March II 1941 we have sent a total of more than 30000 planes about 25000 tanks and over 800000 other mili tary motor vehicles to the forces of our allies Of these totals over 23000 of the planes over 23000 of the tanks and almost 550000 of the other motor vehicles went un der IcndIcase The others were paid for in cash by our allies portant German rail center be tween the reich and the low coun tries It previously has been the target of 4 major raids Airmen back from Duisbius re ported fierce combats over the cily They had little opposition on the way lo the target however and the bombs started plungin down before the German fighter packs arrived One pilot said the nazis pursued homewardbound bombers beyond the coast Fiftyseven British and Ameri can planes failed to return from Sundays sweeps many of them made at speeds of 403 miles an hour at tree top levels The blows were aimed at destroying evcr moving military object in the nnzis defensive lerritorv bchinc the Atlantic wall Vlany Trams Suddenly in England lion gainfully employed men and women in both civilian and mili tary activities in America A lather commonly held view today conditions The Rock Island bridge a half uard mile west of Atlantic was washed there I out of line and was not safe for over the weekend Capt William traffic Monday it was reported C Cox said the comoany was to Meanwhile the Hood waters had prevent looting in buddings dam receded back within the Skunk aged by the storms The comoany inrUided 60 men and 3 officers Transnortation and communica among statisticians and economists is that from 55 to 58 million jobs will bc required in the postwar j lion facililies still verr disrupted period if a satisfactory situation in some sections Monday is to prevail This means that All trains were oneratina al i ome had to bc rerouted I Turn to 2 Both the Milwaukee and North v r river at Ames and merchants be gan cleaning rnud and water from their basements Virtually every iness house and private home alike was flooded over the weekend and damage was ex pected to run high In the Ihou Reports Man Caught in River at Ottumwa Ottumwa Iowa 2nd drowning within 3 days in the DCS Moincs river here was re ported at police headquarters Monday An eyewitness told no lice that shortly before noon he saw a man go under the water and not come up in the water works power race The witness was unable to identify the victim and no one was reported lost po lice say Minnesota Mostly cloudy scattered showers and local thunderstorms Monday night and Tuesday tCot much change in temperature IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather stalilics Maximum Sunday 7B Minimum Sunday niaht S3 At 8 a m Monday 60 YEAR AGO Maximum 7 Minimum 47 The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday 78 Minimum Saturday night 63 At 8 a m Sunday C4 Rainfall 72 YEAR AGO Maximum 71 Minimum 45 Precipitation 04 Canceled Ixmdou of pas sengers missed their trains at Lon don stations Monday witii black boards announcing that many schedules hnd been canceled with out warning Germans Use All Men in Area in Effort to Halt Drive Toward Rome By NOLANW NOKGAARD Allied Headquarters Naples troops have seized 3 mountains northeast of Terracina but advanced patrols who pushed into the coastal anchor city itself only 24 miles from the Anzio beachhead h a v e withdrawn headquarters announced Monday night The German high command has thrown all its reserves into a des perate effort lo halt the allied drive toward Rome headquarters declared hut the allied armies smashed ahead again Monday ail long the front U S troops entered Terracina sea bastion of the nazis third de ense wall in southern Italy after i mile advance along the coast ul later pulled back At last reports U S forces had established a line 3 miles north vest of Terracina The Americans verc pushing farther into the hills on the TerracinaPico line despite ntense opposition Northeast ot ferracina they took Monte Ma Monte Atilone and Monte Capiccio Farther inland French troops closed in on Pico in Ihe center of the line and elsewhere made progress Seventeen German divisions some of them badly mauled in the fighting of the last 10 days now are committed on the main and Anzio beachheads fronts and the nazis have no reserves left south of Rome headquarters declared On the northern flank Poles entered the bastion of Piedimdnte on the northern edge of the Liri valley and Ihe eighth army was laying siege to Pontecorvo on the lower side of the valley The Germans rushed reinforce ments from the north into the sagging coastal line sector against the Americans and LtGcn Mark W Clarks troops quickly cap tured 100 prisoners from them French troops toward the cen ter took lost and then recaptured Monday Monte Leucio west oC Pico on the road from Pontecorvo Canadians penetrated the Hitler ine northeast of Ponlecorvo on the lower edge of the Liri valley piercing barbed wire entansle menls headquarters said The first troops to push into 24 miles across Anzio reported the Ponline marshes from the only light German rearguard re sistance On the beachhead itself I R patrols pushed out 5 miles from the right flank of the perimeter in a darinff stab and the Ger mans reacted with a sharp coun terattack southwest of Cisterna The Germans threw their 26th armored division into a desperate fight on the main front lo save the flank of their Hitler line de fenses A headquarters spokesman snid allied losses had been consider but not too high in relation to results achieved and the ex treme casualties inflicled on the Germans Poles of the 8th army burst into Picdimonte on the north side of the Liri west of Cassino and were mopping up trapped Germans At the lower edge of the valley the allies punched into the out skirts of Pontecorvo and in the X 3 District Governors Are Chosen at Iowa Convention of Lions Council Bluffs new district governors were chosen Monday at the annual Lions club convention which end Mon day night with an address by Howard F Sissom St Louis di rector of Lions International Kd Jociiumsen Waterloo was chosen governor of district 9A H E Johnson Davenport gover nor of district 9B and W C Yeager Sioux City governor of districl 9C Speakers Monday included W Earl Hall managing editor of the Mason Cily GlobeGazette and Lt Col rtobcrt Reed public rela tions officer for the seventh serv ice command s GOVANN PONTECORVO ITALIAN WAR the white area this map are sonic of the key points in the terrific allied some of which the nazis have been given knockout punches
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